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BOOKS AND ART.
NEW-YORK. SUNDAY. MARCH 24. 1912.
Peaceful Uncle Sam Has a Tiny, Sputtering War on His Hands
Youve Heard About the Moros? Wei!, They're Still Unpacified and Re?
lentless in Their Fanatical Assault on Western Civilization?Lurking in
the Brush in Mindanao and Jolo, They Have Given Battle to American
Troops Once a Week, on the Average, for the Last Three Months.
ARE vi) awar<- of th. fact that the
I"nlt?p?_ States Is? engaged in a war
to tha death? Do you know that
tj^r. ha_ bean an average of a battle a week
?or t_<* 'a5"' thrre montfca and that half a
hundred lives have been lo.t in each of
m\\\ VaTt!? ^0 Have you by chanco grasped
,or fact that tiiis? campaign which Is? now
?t Itt height is the last of a aeries of three
-* |ta Hit'?! that nnt< heen piosecuted in
<ha la>-' '? n ''?Hrp? T)o yon know that
ggnragfoua and p?llglous. tbOUfftl m:s
_ii<!e<L people Is battling itself Into very
_,jnrtion aK.tlnst the ?ilvnnce nf American
you il" not know th?M*thinca, but they
mmgpat fact.. All then?' thin?:? are
taking plae? in thut extremity of the Phil?
ippine Islands which projects its nose into
the Cel? ? ? ^':t *nd fflmoat touch*? the
aquator. for when I'ncle Sam acquired his
((lands in the Far Kast he h1?(? annexed
g people of such strange customs and ri>
Hpinn as he had nevrr known before.
?j- , _? i-ojlc have pripeii darkly, but
?aithout understanding toward the etvtltaa
?flon ffhU ?? '?? le"n thrust upon them and
h.iv.- found i; Intolerable. according t" th.ir
light.-?.' Heins un able -.copie. dominated By
an overwhelming pride of rare an?l in?
tensity of religtoui ?.-.-i?hk. they hav? run
amu? k when W?stern ccmditlofia have been
forced upon them, und UTt s'ill in the Jun?
gle fiphtlnii for the principle?? of their own
'mode of life. "The mode ?>f llf" may not be
| reconciled with the "ivllization of t'nele
I Sam an<i it la neeewary that it should i>e
I broken up Henee the wur and the blood?
i Th?- lalanda ?>f Mindanao and Jolo, in
! which all this fighting la going on, an- ?
:ani*m: the most Isolated of Uncle Ssm's
Philippine [>ob os estons. They are practl?
i rally loot among the South Seas and out
I of any regular route of travel. Asid?' from
the militar??, there ar?- few men who ever
, reach this Bid. archipelago, and the men
i of the army an- uacommunlcatlve, m the
things that happen In this part of the
world a:<- little known It Is because "f
this Isolation that the fart has .inst reached
America of ? apectacu ar battle that arao
fought ?m Chiistmaa Day. it is becauee of
thla ai-?.? thai the fact that a war has
n for U-? ?? months In the lai ?'? of j
that licht opera sov.reisn. the Bultafl or
Bulu, is just becoming known.
p.'id Dajo i?> a iiit-'h mountain or. ti?' [ai
end Of ,I<?lo. This maintain was once a
volcano, but modern time* have not known
of .?!:>? activity on its pert Eroding rains
have Blled Ite crater vrttb productive soil
that lends its.if to h ?Hi ulture, an.| the rim
of that crater pr ?- ?. tt rtrera such as
baa never been built by men. Foi _. ??> feet
ti?.. mountain ?idea ris. so precipitously as
10 make an adven? ? ;> l ? ? dble.
l racl .... ungles h tve ec
centuatod the difficulty of aaoeBl
Bud Dejo s the heredit?r) stronghold of
Iokm of the [aland of jo?o. Whenever
i;i il-,.- past un ai defeated them In
?II placea alec the) have retln ' to Bud
Iir.jo. ai ?i there proved themeelvea Invin?
cible, tin natural rottreea defying attack
and the region Insid? producing s'^'fnnn?"
in time "f aiege. Tu the Americana alone
? ia stronghold evei yielded [ta second
yielding came last Chrletmaa Day
The Mores, aftrr being ?hipped in manv
hattlea, Bed to this stronghold American
troops, .1 thousand strong, under the com
uf General John .t. Pershlng, pur
OF GENERAL PERSK1N* IN 2AMBOANOA
VHAPOT THtP-HILIPPIfflS mDi
rv-RS. PERSHING. NOW WITH HER
HUSBAND IN ZAMBOANGA.
Uten up tin- mountain!). The Amiti
I ?-an tr?Mips from lorn* sxpeHenOB have be?
I COSJS almoet ai? SlsfSf in the tunnies us the
II ativ.-s tii.-in*-. i,.... They followed nattes
I trails and mad?- HOW ?m.-B fnr them.s.'lv<-i?
I i-iiiii th?*\ had m?chai aa slsvattoa within
three httndred yarda ?>f the top of the
tuo.iiitaln. HstS they prepared for a uU-ge.
***!,.? distan?'.* around th.? motiiitain at this
point near Ita rummlt If? not great. The
Americans nit a band arenad Hu?i Deje,
i irhlch trat like a r|e:-.rr*i| road In the Jungl??.
' Takiii}?' tlwir pflSlfloa In tills ?hated atrip,
i:\. hundred Amerteaa soMlsrs wer.? sUs
i to maintain a cordon through which n<?
nativo Bright csi-ape. A thousand tlWOpS
i made H p??s.-ihi<- t?> w??rk shifts In imun
I tainlng this blockade.
The Moroa ha/1 beat a retreat so pre
i cipitou? that they had carried no pro
! vleiona Into the crater The Americana
had paOSSSdal In blocking every posei
blllty of afterward do'ng t-o. There was
nu time to f-roT* a food crop There waa
I hunger In the crater. For days isolated
groups of th- Mor?is would ? tiarge tin- h"
siegln . Atturlian lines In dashes for llb
arty, tm stoctlve was tba block tarn of the
troops that theas nativas naked lo eer
tain ieatk. in tin- enii. Christmas Day. th.
mass of th?m marched down and surron
?l.-ri-il. four hun'lr?-d strong, t<> the Amerl
r.m treop* There reaaatasd merely the
t.iak of Seating the brush for the few un
isiaallm renegade?? 19 finish the work on
Hu<l Dajo. In this procesa BOtDS twenty
outlaws were killed, and the American
troops concluded what th??y then consid?
ered to he the final conquest of the Ir?
reconcilable Moms. This confidence In a
terminated campaign lasted only1 until
January 11, when upon Lake Seit another
battis took place, which resulted in the
serious wounding of Lieutenant H. H. Mc
Gee and one of his men anrl the death of
A vastly more dramati? - tight had taken
place on Bud Dajo years before. This was
TYPICAL MORO VILLAGE.
In l->>. when Major Hugh Scott was th.
governor of the Suhl district. General
Wood, now chief of staff, was then serv?
ing In the Philippines. Captain V tl, M?>
now aid to General Wood, was then
;t yeang Weal Pointer getting his first
touch of real war. The Moros, six hun?
dred strong, retired to Hud Dajo and
there flung back deflatue to the American
army. That army pushed Its way through
the twenty miles ft Jungle that led to
the summit and summarily stormed that
summit. The Moros fought to the death
and the artillery and rifles of the Ameri?
cans did terrible execution among them.
The loss was also heavy among the
Americans, Major Scott himself losing
lingers off both hands. To young McCoy
csme the credit of finally dispatching the
thief of the Moros in a hand-to-hand
hattle The native women had mingled
with their men in the fighting, and many
of them had also been killed. This led to
much dl-sucnt on the part of swivel chalt
Critics who ar? prone to ?-onfuiie the a a nie
?.f war with piiiicpi.tii;. I.ut the army was In
) th.? end ssonerated for this incidental
death of Moro women.
Th.* 1906 flj-ht was In the eecond of the
Moro campalgna. It was In liK'l and l*J01
that Hrigadier General Perishing, who now
commande In tide part of the Philippine?,
conducted the first successful campa:**?
among theae Irreconeilablea. General Per
shlng was then captain, and the genlua
which he ahowed In getting the viewpoint
of these Mahometan people and bringing
them into friendly relation? with the new
form of government won him much pralae,
the final acknowledgment of which ap?
peared In a message which President
Roosevelt submitted to Congreaa. Later
Captain Pershing was promoted from that
rank to the rank of brigadier general?
Ceatt?ad aa gfth ?a??