Newspaper Page Text
Do You Realize What Woe Might Afflict Land
Writhing in Grip of Coal Strike ?
If Such a Cutting Off of Fuel
as Seems Imminent in Amer?
ica Were Prolonged,
Every One Would
IMMKNSK forces aie ai rayed for a
Straggle. The plans have leen laid, the
battalions have marched to their as?
signed positions?all in ready for the signal
is America to l?e Invaded'.' Are the Ger?
mans In fall up''n o'lt eastern coast and
the Japanese upon OUT western shore? That
Bight in leea dangerous, less COStly, less
?Misting to the present order of society
Haw Ike Internecine strife which is fac?
A coal strike WOTSS than a war.'
The notion seems absurd?but this is a
day of absurdities which come to pass.
Ask the English statesmen their opinion.
Inquire of the Get man rulers, and sound
the Kreuch. Consider all the facts.
One week from to-morrow, on April 1,
the coal miners of the United States are
expected to lay down their tools. They
have laid down their tools before, but never
in such a fashion and at suc!? a time as to
dislocate the Industry of the nation. Their
action could conceivably have the effect of
a revolution; not because they Intend it so,
but because the mechanism of aodoty has
become complexly interdependent. Tin- Rng?
lish programme of a minimum wage, backed
by the threat of government ownership uf
coal mines, forecasts the possibilities in
A worhl strike of ooel miners may be al
hand?Kngland, Germany, France, Spain
next the United States and Canada.
Things will happen ?juickly lier?-, as they
have happened abroad. There will be no
lime to discuss theories of government.
The civil War cost 11,000,00?! a day. A coal
strike may cost $5,000,000 a day before it
gels fairly going. In such an event Con?
gress will act. Red tape will be cut.
Two weeks after a strike is declared on
April 1 there will be compatativcly little
WHERE COAL IS ALWAYS NEEDED.
This statement may not seem important.
The cold weather will be about over then.
We will hardly need coal for heating
homes and offices. A strike will not eon?
cern most of us. As a matter of fart. 4he
ahortage in coal is already felt, heat in
apartments and offices Is being conserved,
and there are. chilly days ahead. Moreover,
when coal Is not needed for heat, it is rc
Quired for cooking, heating water, niakin.
light, for running trains and factories, for
operating elevators and water s> sterns and
Over in Kngland the strike has caused
the withdrawal of hundreds of trains from
the schedules, has hindered navigation,
plunge?! cities and towns in comparative
darkness, ?rippled commerce on sea end
land. Ne ?ne who lives in tins society.
poet or plutocrat? can escape the effects of
. possible Industrial tie-up due to a lack
uf coaL One of the chief material founda?
Uons or nur civilisation is coal. Take that
away, ami we are sadly Inconvenienced.
Th?' inert- threat of no coal bus caused
a rise of irires. Industry In the I'nited
States feels the tremors of approaching
disorder. Before tlie strike l?e_iiis there 1?
Straitening end curtailment. Soon after the
minera quit work factories will begin t??
dose down. Workers in many Industries,
men, women end chlMreUi who have ti"
special eason or desire to stop arurk, will
be throw h ?m m work, it has taken about
a fortnight's strike to hamper Bnglaud.
About Ike Same tune will produce s similar
11. ut! m tins country.
After ;i few weeks of striking something
win ii:?\ ?? to . va way, Something or other
will have to ,'bust." It may be a theory or
a vested right. Whatever it is that annoya
a nation and retards its energies, that will
The last coal strike, ten yeara aRO. went
six months before ?ual trains were raided
and a Praatient <?f the Cnlte.l _tates un
oflktally compelled a compromise of the
| struggle. Conditions are different to-day.
I That was a half Strike, involving only the
anthracite workers. Then- was bituminous
COal available. The present strike DM]
elude all who delve underground, further?
more, a decade ago there were larpe stocks
of eoal stored as a reserve In anticipation
of labor trouble. The stocks to-day are
smaller. The severe winter, with heavy
consumption of eoal, is partly accountable
for the depletion of the stores. The Eng?
lish strike has helped to drain the surplus
coal treasuries. Thousands of tons ?have
been loaded on foreign steamships, and
other thousands would be taken, at fam >
prices, if any one wanted to ieliver them.
THE "MORAL" ELEMENT.
In comparing past frith present Conditions
the "moral" element cannot he overlooked.
Tho miners to-day are compactly organised,
they have money individually and col?
lectively saved from their wages, they are
more aggressive than they were In IM.
They and their leaders ha\e declared for
socialism. They have seen tin- attack of
their fellow workers in Kngland, not to
mention Germany or Frame. They have
made strong demands and are looking for a
light. They will probably get one.
It is of no special Interest to examina tin
?lemands of the miners, nor the answer ?of
the operators. These matters have been
politely discussed by employers and am?
ployed at conferences In New York and
Cleveland. The result is, apparently-right.
"When a conflict like this is in sight minds
are too inflamed to engage in a rational
consideration of rights and wrongs. Hot h
sides have made statements to the publie,
giving ostensible allegiance to "a decent re?
gard for the opinions of mankind.'' but In
fact each side will cling to its own opinion
oi what constitutes its rights.
There are scores of thousands of miners
on one side and the many operators on the
other. The operators represent, amona
other interests, ten coal owning and carry?
ing railroads. In the bituminous field the
employers are more numerous and less or?
ganized then In the anthracite.
The derr.ai.ds of the miners are, on s?-<-on?l
thought, worth looking at, not from a
moral point of view, but as an Indication
of lighting spirit. The chief demands ere
more pay. shorter hours, union recognition
and yearly wage contracts. The last Is the
strongest demand. It means no more long
term engagements. A chance to fight every
year: The radical spirits of labor would
rather gain this point than any other. It
is a long remove from the John Mitchell
policy of a decade ago.
A feature which may aggravate the ef?
fects of a strike and bring tho cause of the
miners into disrepute will be the possible
adoption of passive sabotage at the mines -
that is, the calling out of engineers and
pumpmen, along with other workers, so
that the mines will fill with water. Th.?
old-fashion, d labor bailers were rar.-ful
to leave enough men at work to look after
the pumps. If the European revolutionary
Volley Is adopted tho mines will be dam?
aged, and it will take a considerable time
to prepare them for a resumption of work
when the strike is ended, it will take two
weeks, It Is said, to resume operations in
the Knglish mines, which have been more
or less neglected. That Is a long time in
a period of fuel famine.
The Tribune's authority for the state
mint that In the event of a strike we
would be two weeks from a coal famine is
1*. K Sa ward, who is quoted by the fed?
eral government as an expert. .Mr Rawanl
said that the I'nited Mates was usually
one month ahead of anthracite coal produc?
Hon. hut the haul winter /uni Un- foreign
eUuaUvu had cut i__ reserve _u ball. Hi
tuminous coal la not readil) storable. owing
to its tendency to apontaneoua combustion
when i lied up, an?i the reserve in that fuM
?ariiL.t in large. There are six million ton*.
?if snthradte ?oai sent to market each
month. About half of this amount will le
accumulated if a strike occurs April I.
Other estimates place th?> visible recorve
at tin? . weeks- BUPply. William Green, a
former atate Benator, statistician of the
United Min?- Workers, made i forecast of
four weeks' supply.
if the four weeks' estimai? in' eccepted, it
does >i??t mean clear sailing for Industry
for that period. The effects of pan?
ic present ami future, must he con?
sidered. There is no equitable distri?
bution of the reserve <'o.-?t. ai the pres?
ent time < ?>ai la i sing hoarded like money
in a panic. Thousands of t"?is nre Uinx
in private bins?"withdrawn from circii
lation" ?if n?? Immediate use to its owners
and contributing t<? the straitening ..f the
market. This is sap? ially true of house?
holders, who have ha?l the means to BtOCh
Up. S.mie Retorica and railroads have a
Plentiful reserve. Others have little. A
four weeks' supply Inequitably distributed
or liel?| at faniln?' prices may be equal to
no more than two weeks' aupply for the
country as a whole. A "factory which lias
plenty ??f ?'oal may have to shut down he?
raus?-another factory from which it obtains
partly manufactured goods lacks fueL
I Bach shutdown tends to ?ause anoth. r.
There is an endless chain of consequences
.n the comptes o*rgan(aatloa of modern in?
A? general coal strike would probably
cause conditions worse than a financial
nanic Widespread unemployment i* 11 u ? ? l >?
lo be accompanied by hiKh priesa In times
of financial depression prices ar?- usually
low. Th.- r.iMt ,,f t.i would advance end
there might be serious Bhortago ??f almost
nect-asary commodities. In Bauland flab
have become exorbitantly dear because the
steam trawlers have no coal. Both in man
ufacture and transportation ?.ur food ?tup
ply might be affected by buk of fuel.
American railroads, which own coal minis,
ar?- In a better position than foreign ioa-1?.
ami to that extent th?- blow to transporta?
tion would be less aevere. Hut the more
??oai racer red for transportation th? leas
for manufacture. It would be, f??r the
country, s choice of tw<? evils,
if the tie-up should be incomplete in the
bituminous Held there would still be i-on
si'ierabie Inconvenience, a law forbids the
use of smoke producing ???al In New York
and other cttlea If this law be waived, as
has been dons before- and the discomfort
and nnwholeeomencM <>f a grimy atmns
phere bs accepted, Ihs problem would not ?
all be solved. PuraaCCB ami BtOVCB made to
burn anthracite coal are not suited to ii
luminous ??.ai a larger ?space and wider
grates are needed lot son coat, which clogs
up Into large cliakera it might be feasible
to adapt some furnaces lor bituminous oosl '
consumption. A large number <?f city fur-J
im? es are i iillt for usina small suea of an
thra? lie cal. These would have to be rad?
ically remodclli-d for soft coal.
Th?* ?hances ?.f importing ?oal. If that
remote necessity should arise, are scant.
Europe has none to export. Canadian
miners are expected t.i -*? i r i in. * srlth the
American workera if some bituminous is
Imported from Nova S.nlla at, say. $_n a
toll ? the price obtained ft deca.le SgO there
will not be enough <>f it. in the wmewhal
extravagant language ?>f .? Mew "fork
dealer, "to situ-?? a cat'a tail."
The effect upon Industry ??f <?>ai pricea m
blKh as to be prohibitive la an important
point. Bven if coal can be bad. it must be
hail at u price wlil. h manufacturers and
other usen ?un afff.nl to pay. A rat?- ?if
ii.". or t20 a t'.n WOUM ?lost- dOWtl a greet
numb r ?>f fsctoriea in th?- country. There
m.-, ..f course, establishments which uiu.it
keep going at any COSt. The h?i|c|s anil
trilles hulldlngfl wtn imi ?i?..?., because ??f
the expense of fuel. Hospitals tnilM h;?v.
fuel?a| least, theoretically; English hospi?
tals have fell the pinch. Th.- city ?.f New
v??rk mus? heap its crater pumping plants
In operation, even If .oal COStO a dollar a
pound. Tin* high pressure tir.* system must
i..* maintained. The electrical power com?
panies, the subway, SlcfStSd and BUTfaci
roads cannot suspend on a question of
price. These companies ami roadfl hs ?
suppllss ranging from ten ?lays t?i thr?.
months, It Is said.
As usual, speculators are takimc ad van?
taae of the situation and ere on the wsj
to reap fortunes. Th" retail dealer, who
has not raised tbe circular pri?e of the
wholesalers to bis r?guler cuatomera, has
in Boms cases profited by Belting oui all ids
stock at the blah winter rate. The ached*
?b.i reduction of M csnta a ton for April
will probably not be made this year,
New York, as a munlclpallt*. Bpenda more
than B,MQ,M_ a year .?n coal. Ths con?
sumption last year was about ?;i??.?i?i tons,
or more than a,at tons s month, for which
Hi?* sverage price was H"> ?? ton, The i?>>v
pries of Mtumli.s ?us offset bj the fane*
prices paid for aome gradCB ??f anthracite,
The Department of WTatei Supply, Oas and
electricity la the largest ?'"al us?-:-, to the
tuns ??f half a million dollars a year. Thli
deportment failed to reoslve active Mda the
other day for ..?.?"?a ions of coal for the
Rfdgewood pumping station, and the pricea
quoted for buckwheat were $?*> to 17 b ton.
or double the market quotations ?n?? Mda
?.?.-re made <?n ? large hut of coal wanted
i.v ?Borough Presiden! HcAneny. it is asid
the dealera dlsspprovs the city's srientlflc
sp?-uii aimns for co.ii. The city x-. iti have
to take its uncertain chances in the open
There an* many BUbetitUtCB for ?"al aug?
gested ami ways of eking oui scarcity.
The briquette, which is generally composed
of coal ?lust an?l tar pressed together, is
good. A few years ago the free! culm
| I llea ?it the mints supplied plenty of ma
I terial for briquettes, as ?roll as the small
si/.es of anthracites. The culm ptlea nr?
t now bee?ming exhausted, and the brtqnstt?
Industry is nut sufficiently developed t<> _g
nra lmg-iy in tin- situation. Abroad many
kinds of organic refuse, such as sawdust.
leaves, routs, lichens, fatty and resinous
byproducts of factories are pressed into
bricks ?-- fuel. Tile householder who has
thrown out hi? asho unsifted may recover
h> o,- i", per cen? of fuel by sifting and
. sotting them. The ash pile in the back
yard that was considered a nuis.ince may
i?? worth a mimiit r of doliera
The comparativo heating value of differ?
ent fuels is about as follows: Wood, "n.
pe.it. tu. snft ?h.ii, :?i>; hard coal, to.
An English genius has discovered that a
w.iii ?ii newspapers bound together with
1 wire will burn like a log and will produce
heat. Also it Is possible to light ?nal with
n wspapers rolled tightly Into s bail
'chalk in sti open fireplace, when g _la_
i- desired inore fur looks than heat, saves
' one-quarter of Ike coal and looks cheerful.
! Broken bricks serve the same purpose.
Peal is betel used extensively abroad,
ii is obvious that the most practical coal
substitutos ut" oil, gasoline and tas. Mat
.11 of these can be readily adopted except
! In domestic use. The nil healer and COOk
itovc a in be largelj In demand. The use
'??i oil in coal-burning furnaces entails a
[rather expenstvs adaptation, it is a more
Told by Noted Persons in a Mood of
Reth Barton Krench, at a banquet at
.berry's, in New York, condemned the
A mat loss snob.
"America is a republic," he said. "We
all began?even the mightiest of us -hum?
bly and simply. When I hear one person
snubbing another on grounds of birth the
thing strikes me as ludicrous and unreal.
it reminds m<- of a Mayflower ?sin.
"A girl of Mayflow? r descent yielded to
the pinch of poverty sufficiently to marry
a Qrand Itapids millionaire. Hut her hus
! band was a plebeian, and sin- would BQVOr
fOlglrs him for It. She would never cease
from insulting him on account of his low
"She was shopping one day, and a sales?
man said to her:
" 'And to whom shall I send the parcal,
"With her nose in the air, she turned to
her m.ild i nd said:
"Marie, tell this man your master's I
name. I never can remember it myself.' "
OSSggS M Cohan, at an after-theatre sup?
per at Detmonleo's, was talking about the
"There's a moving little story about the
'turkey trot,' " he said, with his dreamy
?mile, "a story that Illustrates well the
vicissitudes of an actor's life.
"An elderly actor said In despair to a
theatrical agent one day:
" 'Is there nothing you can do for me?
I've bung around your office, out of work,
lor eight months now.'
"The agent, as he polished his diamond
ling with his n-d silk handkerchief, an?
" 'I/?ok here. Bring yourself up to date.
The "turkey trot" Is all the go. You train
home antma! or bird to do the "turkey trot"
with v?-u. and I'll get you on one of th<
circuits at a three-limit, salar. .'
".'Ii?- ild ai im- thanked thS agent grati
tiillg'. iii bought au __uich lieu a re
lii-cri clrcUS m.m, end after a lot of bard
work he taucht the bird to turkey trot'
with Mm splendidly, Then he report? d
himself to the Sgent attain
"Hut the agent, for all his promises, had
nothing to offer. The poor fellow turned
up every day for a while, tben every other
?lav, than SVSry third day, but there a*ai
nothing doing, ami al last a week went by
without hi.? appearance at the sgetat'a othOe,
"Then th?- au?-iit BBS! for him, and said;
" Well, I've fixed POU Up at last. I've
booked yoa l??r ! i.it turn of yours at
"Put tho old : tor Interrupted, sadly:
" 'It's too lat- now,' he said.
"'Too late? How is It too late'."- said
the agent, fro?" Ding.
" 'I've had to ? at my partner,' muttered
the old actor
Itedtn McCormlck, president <>f the minois
Progressive Republican Lsagna was talk?
ing at a dinner In Chicago about certain
old-fushioiii-.l ?ainualgnlng methods.
"Thos,- methodr," said Mi McCormlck,
"seem ns curnbe.Bome to us a. the methods
of th<- mover s? eme?I to the lu.-hrlate.
"Ab an Inebriate rested against a lamp
post a mover passed him. The mover, an
eronoml? al chap, was doing his moving by
hand, nn?I he ha?l on his back a huge
"The Inebriate stared vacantly at the
sweating figure bent under the Weight of
the great clock, and then hiccoughed and
?? 'Hey.' he Bald, h.-,?hie there!1
"The mover, sloping, turned slowly.
"'Well, what Is It?' he asked.
"'Take my advice, rOTMg M,' said lbs
Inehijati-, 'an' buy 'shelf?hi??a watch ' "
RARE TYPE OF EDITOR.
Senator Crane was talking about an op
penent of arbitration.
"The man Is not liberal." he said 'He
iii>... a narrow, British view of things lie
is not w.-il Informed, either. The fact I?, he
icminda um in hi? nui r.w?ea? and lgnu
raaos of the editor of 'The Citmnminsou
"The editor of 'Tin- t Innamlnson S, im?
itar,' rending the copj of a cub reporter
from Yale, came to the sentence
"'Ciesitr not merely met opportunity?he
"The editor looked up fiom this sentence
and said reproachfully :
" 'Look here, what do you want to ad?
vertise Cawar for?' "
A ROCKEFELLER FAKE.
It'a ;i Rockefeller fake." said s Phlla?
delpliia broker, "one of thoos Innumerable
Rockefeller fakes that Seal arouM lha
country, but, fake or not, i 11 tell it to you.
".lohn l>. iso the fake runs) gol a \crv
suspicious looking cake by mall tin- other
?lay. lb- wrapped it up In s aewspapar
and took It to a chemist.
"'Is i In. likely to be poisoned" he gskod
" 'It certainly looks like a polxune?! cake
to me,' said the chemist. T.eave It hen- '
And he smelled it, then he tasted and pal
out h very tiny currant. *LsuVO it here,
Mr. Rockefeller. I'll anal. ?/<? It for you.'
"'How much will the analysis cost?"
" Ten dollars, sir.'
".lohn D. bundled it ft the enke in IM
"'Humph!' he said, as be tucked it under
his arm, 'It'll be cheaper to try It on Arch
liold's cat." "
THE TREE DENTIST.
The oak had a big cavity In Hie trunk.
like a cavity in a tooth, and with a hug?
gOUge tie tree dentist ClSSOCd out III?- Soft
brown dust, the rotten WOOd.
When the cavity whs unite clean he dls
lafected it with cenutlss _kb__sate?he
sprayed it as a tooth Is sprayed
Next he died It, v? i y carefully, wllh .1
germ proof cemenl. The top of the tilling
he smoothed neatly off. and the edges if
the adjac? tit bark he drew over the cement.
"The bark." ns In- explained, -'s he ibnw
hi1? hug?- Instruments Into his waiting auto?
mobil?, will grow ovar the filling, hldina
it m tim<- completely. And tin* rot, which]
would have destroyed ths Irec, will now
cease, aa decay ceases In s Mied tooth."
Kara Pound, ths poet, was talking st the
Authors < 1 uli. In New York, about Sh?'l|ey s
?""Cremation, although beautiful," lie said,
"l.'Il.ls Itself to i lb;.Id Jev| it, ;i way thill
"Wim can forbear b smile st the thought
of that devoted POUng matron, who. h'-r
front slips being covered with sic. t, sprin?
kled her tirsi husband's ash.s over them
in ..?.1er thai her Bscond husband might de?
scend in safety***1
Smiling himself, Mr. Pound resumed:
"An?i win? coiii'i forbear another smile
at the thought of the youtu; widow on the
blustery March morning who enterad net"
drawing room to llnd that the wind had
overturned the vas?, which contained h??'
" 'I'shaw,' she sai?l, 'now isn't it just like
ileorge to throw his ashes nil over my new
Ivli manshah rug !' "
Bgerton L MTIatbroo. at the end <?f one
of the meetings of the Hoard of Ivlueiiilon |
In N?'W York, said, apropos of severity In I
the s. ho??lro.im:
"These over-sev?r?> tsachOTB always re- ?
mind me of an over-severe parson. II. , at I
a dinner party ?luring Lent. Maid lo one of
the guests, a famous raconteur:
" My dear sir. as it Is ??not Tld a Fri?
day to hOOt?WOUM you mind if I askid
you to contine >our efforts exclusively to
(Ish stories?' "
The ancient Hilton-, Invented BOSp. TIM j
Romans, two thousand ycai.s ago. ?aiii??l
the invention >>a? k i?> Italy. Th.-:? manu?
factured soap In gevaaa, whence th?? French
w-trrd for it -?seven,
There une natural .uaya?the suapio.t of,
Bpaln, the soapberry <>f Chill sad lbs bark
of the Peruvian snap tree
At Quaretarok In Mexico, soqp mkes tks
i lace of copper coinage.
The Tierra del Kusgsns eal soap Unding
lbs fal therein reall) nourishing. They aay
they like the taste, too.
S.?ap Is mads from garbage in the n?w? .
THE MISUNDERSTOOD GATOR.
Tin- winter sfternoon was like Juno, sad,
taking lea under ;, palm on Ike lawn of
tu?? Royal Potneiaae at Pslm Beach, a
spoi tsman said:
"This morning i i>. otographed an sill?
gator. My buy, to get hint. Stripped an?l
waded Into the water up to his chin. The
boy felt about witii his feet in the mud
till he found a big gator. Then he ducked
down, grabbed the 'gator by the nose and
dragged hltn -lowly BShore to the waiting
"Hut.'' said a girl in while, "wasn't It
"Not a bit."
"Hut I thought alligators ale you!'*
"No. no." said the sportsman "You are
confusing the alligator with the crocodile.
The Indian crocodile eats men and women,
but the FlorldS alligator is as harmless.
llterallv as harmless, as a cow."
Vice-president Sherman, in an interview
In Washington, said of the smashing of a
"It was a brutal smash. Ii was ..,, kern?
tal. so cruel, It reminds nn ol Mnirll s re?
"Marrll's wife, at tin- end of the usual
breakfast table ipiarrel. burst into tears
behind the coffee urn, and. as she searched
for hit handkerchief, waded:
" Von said, lb?- second time 1 refused
[you, that you'd rather Uvs in eternal tor
? un ut ".it'i nu- 111,in !ii buss by ,M.ur_clf.'
1 " 'Wall. 1 had my wish.' gi'owled Mam.
According to Government Ex.
pert. We Are Only Two
Weeks Away from
Coal Famine if
complicated problem than changing frota
anthracite to bituminous coal However
under the stress of necessity the Enggsi
are changing the coaJ-burnlng fernstes of
both locomotives and steamships to oil
burners. Two railroads, the Midland and
the Midland Great Western of Ireland hi?
putting in oil. while the -treat Eastern
Company has for aome time equipped many
of Its engines with oil burners. It is said a
coal-hurnlng locomotive may be ??inverted
Into an oil burner in twenty-four hours at
a cost of gVjn. An oll-engined vessel, th?
Sdandla, carries enough ll?iul?l fuel to take
her on a trip around the world.
Oil will mitigate the hardship of a strike,
but will not prevent ths temporary ham.
pering of industry. Th?- average manu?
facturer cannot equip his plant for oil con?
sumption at short notice, or will not do as
because of the problematic perl?*! of .Ifft
eulty. In the future oil may dethrone coal;
tO-day coal Is king.
The latest available government report
on ???al In the United States give? the lig?
ures for ISM. The document Is issti.-d by
the Qsological Survey under the Depart?
ment at the interior end is entitled "The
I roductlon ?>f ?'oal in 1910,'' by ?Edward \V.
Parker. The total production for the year
was half a billion ton?*, having a \alue at
the mines of some %f^f.(fi*S).ii*i. The retail
salue was several times as much, peansyt
vaut.i anthracite amounted to about Sl.fi*-*,.
t/?0 tons, of a "'spot" value of llijo.iwi.i*?--*.,
while bituminous coal anil lignite -iniount-M
fo 417.iyxl.OiO tons of a ' spot'' vain- ef
teXtW.agJta. This great ontp.it was attained
despite the fad that the soft coal mines In
' air a dosen Middle Western states wrre
Closed by strikes f??r SSari) six months.
The por .?apila coal consul III i f the
country increased from .1'? tons in ICh?i to
live t'jns In 1910.
The coal mines of th" United BtatM e*n
ployed l-MH men, of whom li>*?,?><i work??il
In the anthracite mines of I'er.iisjivanla
and ."??..->.*?>i In the soft cal Re?da The an
thradte workers averaged 2.'.? ?lays in the
year and the others .17 ?lays, the general
average being 220 days ?>f era.?loyment.
?Average production per man In th? anthra?
cite mines was IDS tons for the year, or '17
tons for eai-h working ?lay, compered with
T.'.l tons for the year and 3.46 for sai h work
in. ?lay in the -?oft CCal ?llftibt- Nearly
hnlf of the soft coal was rained with the
ai?! of "under-cutting" machines. [| cost
one life to mine issjgg lotis of snthradta
the total fataliti? s !.. Ing tBL Ttem IM IS
IM??, iiii'lusive, ?:...',:; workers were killed and
AMERICA EXPORTS LITTLE COAL.
Practically ?n the <n-?i mined In the
United States is consumed here. Exports
In 1010 amounted to a little more than *?
per cent of the production Imports an
small ami chiefly to the Pa? ill? COSSt and
to Koston "No account Is taken of ths
stock on hand at the heginnins; and the
end of the year," says the report. "The
coal mining Industry is the beet Of .?
hand-to-mouth character, and stocks ,|..
not fig'iie in the trade. Tae oondltieaa
under which the anthracite nines are
operated, the greater depths to which the
workings are carried, the consequent In?
creased expense of mining and the InfTSSS
Ing cost of labor all contribute to make
anthracite, fuel more end mors a lui
No hope is held out to the consum-r thai
anthracite will in the future be ?-old it
lower price?? than those whh'h prevsH to?
day, but, on the other hand, there is every
reason to believe that priCOfl nvi.-t ttr
vaacs in accordance with the IncreeaUsJ
COC? of production."
The Geological Survey report . ?
the coal dealers for the "policy of mak?
ing an allowance <>f If ?cuts a ton frost
cln-ular prices for domestic coal pur?
-??1 in April of each year, with an ad?
vanee of in cents a ton foi ceed.
Ing month unill the schedule pi : ? ? *?
Stored In September." This is alleged IS
have a salutary effect In stead Ing Ihe
Coal Is not dear because ??? - pply la
the ground is running shoi t The draft on
ti.rigtnal supply sine? minli f
the United stat.s. says the n \t
been less ?ban one-half of 1 pet cent ht
the present rate of production there I?
enough left for all thousand ?? I
coal will last for one or two centurlea
This iouiiih leads the world In coal p***
duction- :t:? per cent of the t"t .1 of '
o.m,?mu tons Qreal Britein ???m?'*- m ? i
?vitli about half as much, then Oermeny.
and a: long diaUitces Austrie-Hongary
ami ?Trance, followed bj Belgium and Rue
New York City Is estimated to have ,:*.?<i
H.MMM tons ol coal In i"i". of wbleb II.?
000,006 tons ???? e anthracite end l.MO.OW tons
wer.- bituminous. About a? much more
??oal went through the barter,
DAY-TO-DAY DELIVERIES HERE.
I "in Manhattan." says ths report, "the
?business is essential!) one of day-te-dsv
deliveries, <>w;hk t?? the absence of lergo
storage yards end to the dUBculty and coal
of providing atorage at most points The
onl] . ? nsvmera who i ail** moM
in stock than the seeds for s de) or x*o
an- a l'i-iv pow? i hOUSefl BSd factories
a!c:ig ths river front. . . The CCSl "f
local deliver) is high everywhere ?n the
city. . . One reeult ?>f the coodltlsaa U
Manhattan sad Broohlys hea bees lb*
? rowdlng <?ut of the smaller ?i alera, rue*
tory na?!?? went to the bin (Irma long sgg,
and now house trade I conduct d shnc*d
entirely by tb?- target nriu*-, whl h -
tl a householdi rs snd the p ?db is ttbg
Bell iiv the M?pound bag and tb?- bushsl i?
the myriads of tenement and small M
dwellers Retail prices In Nee ?orb very
from H a to j: above Udes/ater pn??*- srhlel
bas been latiiy at .*?>. for ?lom?-''" *
Ths small i??t **rtce for the terwmeni trad*
is aermalt) si tb?- rate ?>r no ??? fi2 a toe.
Several large retailers handle ? million
tons ;? ..
Ths following table gives Ute
[ago capaclt) <?f the railroads ai <""1<
from which New Vork an.l t?.?' Eaa.
ehted) derive their rruppl) of snlhrh-*?*"?
in case of a Strike:
Phltadetphle _ Reading. Abrann. ?t
Pmne. * ?
Philadelphia S Readies. Pott Rich- ,
m,m,i. Philadelphia "
Pennsylvania Railroad. **???"? Ambo?. ihi,
Delaware ? ?lndaon. Carbondale. ,,(?,
lYnn.? ? ? ?sstsng
Delaware ?* Hudson, Delanaoa. N. ? ?? *?""?"?*
?nitral Itailron.l of New '??*"?? ,v?o,?o
Hampton Junetlon. N. J... ***?*"
Central lt-illr.....l ??f See Jereej ^
Balein, Me.*.. ...., ,H-|
I..? nil? h Valley. Smith Halnft. M. N I ?'.,.,,.?,
i,ehii-ii van.-.. Ran?eos, i'? aa ?
i.. h Is h Valley, Black ?'reek Junction ...,.,??,
roue.? ? - __,?*__. ion ???ni
I l.-I.HIi Valley. Une!.. S. ' ?'<w6
Krlc Railroad. Huffal??. N. ?, ? ???:? ..-,,.-a?
Brie Rallr.t. Rochelle l'?rk. N. J- -" ?
Muequehanna ?'oal i-ompany. M??'??- fWi0lHI
i ?n. Peas.? :.
Suaquehanna ?'?ml Company, >" , ,,??,
Brldse, N ?I.*____" " '
pennaylvanla ?'<?.?! Company, See/bur?. wi(||K)
Delaware, Lacha?*ann? /? u;."i,i(.
Railroad Company, Berenton, F*vna. ?*?*????
Delaware, l4?chawanrni ??- ''*','' n -M?a)
i:,niro...i i*ompany, i>???? r, . i
N ? Vork. Ontario ?? Western. MM- lf0M9g
diet own, N Y. -
! in tu.? tace of a i^osslWe strike It ma**
! i ,i? ?,:,.?? t.? hav. the public fully -Ptrars
lof ,he situation In advance, propared I"''';
Ividusl? cud ?-?tb' t?v?l> .<? '?""?* '^orJr"
,lcs and snswer lb" .He P^t>u*m*?
the colossal, grimy Bphloa o? ih. .**?i ****?"