MO\ i ?\v. MARCH 25, I91?
Oirnsd noft pithiinhni ttaiiii by t><<
Tribune issodatUtn, >? Yen York corpo
1/ /,?, ut, ri- tldent, Cond?
tJgmlin, Secretary; Hutas M. Barrett,
Treatarcr. ladreas, 'tribune Building,
I r. Mall I
t>?, ai .i?"' .*_',_*,
Tali?' I . -,,,
i ? . .. jj ,
i . 5-"j_
. .' ,i
i . n\n
]',,?, iim .i es m tt?e
l'All.l* \M' -l NI'W:
Cue n-'?:itl ....?' ' ."?*? ?"'
Si NDA? "NI.Y.
m\ n ontl * er.
?gas Btootfa |l.0i ?. .. ?i- *-*
>i ? ., ,_
i - .**??''?
*.;?? , 1 ,,? \?*A lo', a*
iug U* ???Kli Ile? -??* J'_!'? l" I' ?
..m?. Circulation '??p-itment.
I HI \ I W s THIh UOBVISQ.
i ? ?I'l.p ?vad
im i... m rnment from its am
i idor m \\ ? liingt??it that thi
nun.." ' ' ?"'''' '",
?,.,,.,> - ? tho M' ?1? an govern
upplie. in this
i, . An \ * ? i* t n .m teacher
ia the v _'i Hiver, his two
?,,ni. ..!. . i? ing robbed and wound?
Am? * Ii an ? I?.;
K . . i-inTi'itce. Andr?
y. . ?? ii. ?prince itovernor ol the
.sIhiki of Ramos, was assassins tad by ?
?,i_ei, ? i' ?I strikes it? toTinaii*
an'i Francs wer?' callad off - - An In?
itions] hy?dro-aeroplan6 meeting be?
gat, ai Monte Carlo, the aviator Hugh
Robinson ?? pr?s? ntlhf the t'nit.*.i states.
?MTV. in .? day letter to ?Samuel 8.
Koentg President Tafl expressed his ?>??
]|ei thai ho would gst a solid delegation
fr?>tii Neu York County. -..-?- It was
:o?l thai a second bmnb had bssn
t?. ?liidge Rosalsky, hut was taken
from the mails and turned over t<? the
fini;, e. ?o It dlctmonts art ex*
n the Bi The snnlver
t*ary ot the -isch Building Are, In which
34?, women were killed, retailed efforts
for better protection of worker? l?y the
Commute? i I Safety and legislation now
fcy ] . ndlng. isked men, armed
M with revolver? entered ;i club In broad
of ?I ivlight, hound and gsgged S waiter and
W loot fswels and ?ash t>? the
amounl of 11,50. The repot I
i- ?undatioo showed that iifty
two unlvi gea and achools
?tren I les, ami thai tu? sxpsndi
fures spproximated the Income; th.it tho
1 ntversity of Virginia had '.n recog
Tii/.?'?1. and i? criticised law and technical
Kih....- Herbert Bally, editor of
?"l'h.' Connoisseur," an English maga
arrlvcd with eighty-five portrait?
?which are t" h? exhibited here in aid of
iin Onkins centsnary fund, Raffs
Bincrson, ind aeronaut, accord?
ing t" advance sheets <?! "The *_ero Bo
? Bulletin," predicts tho passage of
the Atlai ti ? by air .tan before i'.?i4.
DOMR8TIC The Interstate Com
ni< roe Commission made s ruling that
when railroads reduced ratea within a
??tato n ahould ? m i : i.l like reductions to
s nt< r?tate traffic. ?:
l w on? tli a captain in the
ii.?t n ' '??!(- .ii- ?! i . ins fathi r*a home
in Washington, T strike
??i i ?i ? n officially ended.
th- Bttiki commute? voting t?. nit the
l'an half dozen mills against
which the strikt order was still m ?I'?
ll ? t ai.d votini iut of < xlsl
: <Cleveland that
Idem White "t th?- United Mine
Worl merle? was considering a
j<t"i ' ' the bltumlnoua mi: ?
drop .Is ?\?'. pi for an iii'
p_r ? ? nt m . | < 'laude
B Allen, Indicted for murdering
officials a ? ' irroll Counl s -aid
to have eluded the detectives who are
pursuing th?? Allen outlaws, The
body of Mr.- f li Beward, of Brooklyn,
found vaahe. ashon on tho bank
of Sen? v. ? . \\ v.
1' va?-' ,' n (unc? a al ?Boston that the
Csps Cod ship canal was half finished
and misar be opened in the summer ?a
-918. I ? of shooting
?t deputy constable was taken from the
.?ail by a mob at Forl Smith. Ark., ant?)
Banged to a tel? ph. pole. 11
Sumner, of the Chicago Cathedral, in a
germon -:.; d thai beginning Easter no
ona would l>" married in the cathe?
dral unh> they pros?m a certificate of
health from u reputable ph**siclan.
THI WKATHKR Indlcationa for to?
da* Fair. Tho temperature yesterday:
High? -t. 39 ?i- -i? es; lowest
rJ III I ICI ?-> COSDEMS ITIOy
There would m? d??tiht In*. M BOM arc
Baying, a poeslblltty and *dve_i a certain
danger ol abuses under the scheme of th?'
rxc*ess eondemuation "f land by munici?
palities which ?s proposed in Senator
Pollock's reaolutlou passed by the suit?
?B?aata Ih-i week ; but wa ?i?? nut know
that Hint is a traltd reruoa fot ?Tiiidi'iiin
tag any i>i-o|?<?sitjoii which i> otherwise
food. If U won?, all things would Ih
condemned, for there is nothing which Is
not rraseeptible ?>f perversion and abuse,
The question i-? not whether tin- thing
may conceivably in* misused ?nul do
harm, inn whether u is reasonably
?nhi'ioil t'> ih? ?food.
ii Blight, indeed, be asked whether ii???
Opposition to ih?? plan ?lid not arise not.
K? mu?*li from the fear <>f unpreventable
jnilili?? "?.raft ' a- fi..m a wall f>?iintl?-?l
fear that il would be ;i bar I" profHable
jirivaic operation?! <>f the "honest graft''
ty. iliih.-ii?. it h;)v |?.i?n ;l notori?
ous]) comniou practice for private Indi*
viiluuN "i companies to acquire lands
ndjii? <*ni n? pri)|'..M'i| ?public Improve
mi-m.s m order i?. reap ftooan thani the
large tincar?a'?! Iticraaaents whieh \\??nid
a?'?rue from th?. city's expenditures,
Thai bas, moreover, been (ion?? largel)
by potttictaiM or their Mends who en?
joyed advance knowledge of th?? munici?
pal sittion, and win? therefore ?ted a ^'rca;
advantage over ?ii other .peculators, it
!*? Obvious that if tin? ? ity itscll wetC cm
).(>w(t-h1 to aopiirs a B0SM stirroiiiidim*
the site <>f its own iiii|ii<iv?*iii?'iits sikIi
jii'itciiccs would in- preven tel ami the
municipality itself would secure the in?
crement, which in it?^ cast would not lx?
it is ?i fact thai Kane European cities
have long practised this rqraten with
fbrtunate r?sultai They bare in ?'?'i-tapi
eases derived sufBclenl j?n?iit from the
Increase ?i, value ?if Hie eXCeSI lamN thtH
taken to **?ay iik- whole coal <?f tin? im
proveUli'UtS. Thai is t?i say. by ?-xjieiiil
in1; a million dol?an in the creatina <>f
11? a city im- Increased l*y thai
amounl the ralue "i ?he /.?me which it
???ne?! around that park and whl?**b ii
i.llj s,,id ai nuil profit. Thai
ii?'if?'ti., ie|-itiiiiaie operation, and
? ' "i? "i?'ii lo i h?' moral reproa? 'i
..f in? un. i?n. .i m. rement, Ine? "he in
di i? earned b* lbs lerj Iwd*
?? hi. h le. r> ? > ?r? . || l| i.,.i,||| !.?? dldlc.ill
we think, to show convin?t*in| i< i
win a municipal corporation SheaId Ml
i?. permitted to profil from Ita trail ?'"
t-.-t-f.s-i>?? al least ta much m private cor?
p..nuil.n.- gad pewan? an- permutad lu
profit from t ii?? ctrtennlse "f othera
HESTRICtTs? FIFTH iVsVitJE.
Tbe most important suggestion made
i,v Boroofh Pweldenl McAneay'i coar*.
mlfwioo la thai the height of building*
in Fifth avenue be restricted. Buch a
limitation ni*? the ose of property baa
been held la other jurisdictions to be a
proper exercise of the police power and
probably wonld be wo regarded by the
?courts lu thia state. If any obstacle I ?
carrying it oui exists it will probably be
f.iiiiul in Uto attitude or Fifth avenue
property oarnars rallier than in thai of
tbe conris Seal ntate rabies In the
business parts of New York arc due '?>
tlie skyacraa?. and a law barring iky
sera per? from any ?tree, might ordlna?
rlly be expected t<> reduce the value of
lota there. This doc- no! seem, DO'S
ever, to be the secesaary effect on
Fifth ?renne real esta-te values of the
i reposed limitation. Restriction in reel
detiee sections la dne rdagle family
houses often has the effect of preserving
and enhancing values. \ restriction on
Fifth avenue such a- to proposed might
h.iv.- a similar effect. II would tend to
preserve ami advertise the character ot
ih. street _- the great show place of tbe
city, where tine retail shops existed. And
by assuring lo each real estate OWMf
protection from an overshadowing sVy
Hcraper II might give value t?t property
like thai which it receives In u residence
Delgbborbood through the exclusion of
buildings of a lype considered undesb
i be cine, reason heretofore against
attempting 10 define tbe uses lo which a
street could be pul has been the constanl
migration of business. Hotels, theatres
ami shop, have moved steadily uptown.
while hi their wake bare come office
buildings, factories and lofts. To have
attempted restrictions apon tbe charac?
ter of (wildings in a given aelghborh.I
would have been to Interfere aritb the
readjustments made ueoenaarj bj the
biudnefcw changeai Bul tliat movement
northward must step below 60th street,
on'lag t'< tha obstacle which Central
Part presents, dividing Ihe city as ii
dues Above 89th street baatnese ainat
necessarily I*' of a more or less local
character, it la a question, then, whether
tbe time bas no! come when an at?
tempt, may fairly be inrnle by legisla?
tion to give at least a degn.f tixilv
and permanence te -New YOrk by pre?
\ renting the intrusion of the office build?
1 in:; and the factory Into a part of tbe
city now occupied by tine retail trade,
New York needs a street of tin- sort thai
it is proposed in make and keep ?Fifth
avenue, um- that will always compare
with ihe flnesl -treeis nf European cap!?
tala To permit Fifth avenue t?> become
a mere canyon between skyscrapers, if it
is practicable to prevent it. would pe de?
Commissioner Waldo's Met of making
public each week a list of robberies in
this eify is ,a good one. It should be
done daily, in fact, as he Is said to l?o
| thinking of doing if the weekly an?
I nounccmeats "prove successful." The
S publie is as iuii'-h entitled to such infor?
mation and warning from th" Police D*>
[tartinent as ??t is to ,. daily list of fitvs
from the Fire Department, and the par
pns?> in Ihe tWO Cases Is abOOt the same.
Vet it will he n distinctly new departure
In the Pollee Department Buch Infor?
mation never has hen obtainable with
any degree of regularity before. Even
the lisls of stnleii articles seul mit lo
pawnbrokers by the police ?Department
bave been held as "private and ronfl
dentiai" at many ?periods
It may nut lie much comfort to the
householder who mourns his ?nss to see
?hat loss listed fur ihe public the next
day. Sui h publicity, though, may cause
! his neighbor to exercise can. against the
i plunderers where Without it he would
?have gone carelessly on his way. Al
j present the public has no accurate know i
? eiL'e whether it is comparatively safe ?r
ou tbe er./-i of a "crime wave." It reads
??f tin- arres! of a suspected criminal
without knowing bow many other crimes
went unpunished. Ft has lohg had u
shrewd suspicion Ilia! such knowledge
was withheld heenusi- it would nut pro?
duce any excess of admiration and affec?
tion for tin- police force. The police
idea of Old thai putiiicil.v of lliis nature
would defeat the ends of Justice has been
set forth by many a blaacoat with a
wicked wink. The Waid?, scheme will
disclose the fa?is and ought to put the
force on its mettle, it certainly will not
be received by the second story men and
other rognes with any great joy.
I VUXDBES'B /./>' /./.
The full resulta of Captain Ainuud?
sen's daring and successful dash to tbe
South Pole must await disclosure until
his detailed narrative is given to the
world. From reports already made ii
?^ possible, however, to draw a?rerai
highly Interesting conclusions. One is a
gratifying continuation ??. one part of
Ai I m ii.il Peary'a story of his Arctic
quest wiiicii excited not Incredulity but
much surprise, namely, bis statement of
tbe raie of speed at whi.h be travelled.
Peary'? average raie north ward from
Grant Land was thirteen miles g day,
and returning be reached the speed of
thirty miles a day. Amundsen wem
southward from the Barriera! an averag
rate of nearly fifteen miles -,, flay, and
returned at the ra'.- of twentj miles.
As xniumiseii bad a much longer dis
tance to travel than Peary, his high ar
erage for the arbole journej suggests the
easy possibility "f Lean's having made
ih. speed reported by blm on hi- much
a second pedal which is discerned In
Amundsen's report, in confirmation of
former accounts ef the Antarctic ra
giuiis. is that the pracipttatioa there i.s
comparatively slight, it ?. true thai
smiie huge glaciers exist and that the Ice
Barrier i- comparante with any of the
Iceberg producen Of the Far North. Hin
the land is not covered with any such
universal Ice cap as,that which stretches
over Greenland. Thin Antarctic desert i<
far more | desert of dryness than the
loue lands of tlie north. The relation
of this scantiness uf precipitation lu
thi scarcity of life is ?n interesting . uh
jeet or speculation.
The third and geographically B_OSt
Important indication i- that of Ihe in
tegrify of (he Antarctic Continent Thai
?s mit mil) proved, bul it is very strong?
i.v suggested. Then- have been sappoal
lions that Ko.-, sea extends through
|.a t the pule lo W'eddell Sea. and thai
thus li.Hhaiii Land and Wilkes Land
are separate islands, ?f. hsleod, nil the
Antarctic lands are nui a mere srchl
pelage The German expedltl.adei
i i-uf..|i;,ui iii. i,?o, h. gone tblthar
?pre sly lo detfrmfti* ttmt point
Amundsen (ovad as Ign ??! och ex
tension of Rosa Sea. <>n the eontrary.
i,? f0Und a chain of mountains extend
lug across ?the head of thai sea, from
Victoria Laud to King Edward \ ?U
Land, a discovery which atTOOgty iudi
,-aies thai the easlein and western
lands within the Antarctic Finie g?
paria "f ? single continent extending
from Graham Land t.. WlJhes Land.
Tbe precise contour of thai continent
i.. of course, vet far from determination.
li may be assumed, however, to be ap?
proximately circular, with the pole at
i lu- ?-entre and with the periphery gen
eiaily near ihe Antarctic Circle; with
, ne meat cape jutting forth at ?.'raham
Land, str?ng ??'> rea?Ming the extrem?
ity of Patagonia from whieh it is al
most due south, and with two _m*it In?
dentations, a ?bread and shallow one _t
WeiM-ll Sea and a narrow and deep orn?
?t i;.iss sea Graham Land, ai stated,
is south Of Cape Horn. Thence an mi
explored coast, all within the Antarctic
Circle, extends westward to Rom Sea.
noatta "f New- Zealand, which lias k?iil
Bdward Vil Land on its east side and
Victoria land on the west, and the ice
Barrier nt ihe south. Then comes
Wilkefl Land, the longest streich of ex
plored coast, extending right along the
Antarctic Circle, past Australia, to a
point due south i>f India, and comprising
lands known successively as Adelte,
Ciarte, North, Sabrina, Totten, Balleny,
iPiihi. Knox and Kaiser Wilhelm Land.
Beyond these onl.1 a few scattered point
are known. Kemp Land lies due south
of the strait of Oraras, and Bnderby
Land MUtfa of Madagascar Foals Land
la ?ni the meridian of Iceland, and Wed
dell Sea lies smith of thai part of III"
Atlantic Ocean which is between Braxll
and Benegambia; and al Ita western
side is Graham Land again.
This rude delimitation represents a
fairly eomnari continent aluni! tbre?.
thouasml miles in diameter, which Is.
of course, bj far tbe largest bod] ul
land remaining unexplored on the aur
face of tbe globe. To what extent it
will be further explored, save along tlie
coast, is problematic. There hi little to
attract adventurer* to Its harren and
Inhospitable waates. If aouw day a
trip shall he made across, past ihe pole,
from Rosa Sea ??? .Veddell Bea lhal will
he about as mncb as we may rcnsonnhly
I III' WARMOVER FROM '''"
What Is there to this "Do the i.pie
rule." issue of Colonel Bryan's which
Colonel Rooaeveli has just wanned
over, if tbe tatter's explanation is taken
?i' his plan for recalling decisions'.' He
speaks of the Eleventh Amendment to
the federal OonatitUtlon as an early in
stance of such recall, mi the ground that
it practically reversed a decision of tlie
Supreme Court holding thai states ?could
he sued in that court by residents ?it
other sial's or by foreigners. It' thai
was the recall of a decision tbe people
have inen "ruling" for a century or
more. The amendment to the constltu
tlon iu lilis state Just passed by the
Assembly msking workmen's compensa
lion laws constitutional l> also spoken
of as a recall of the recent decision of
the Court of Appeals adverse io roch
laws, if it is. what sen.,, is there in
asserting that the -?copio ,i,, nol rule for
lack of pawer t?i recall sin-h decisions?
Colonel itooseveit has described his
plan as a shorter and simpler way of
amending state constitutions. Hi- plan
is neither short nor simple. It would
commonly lake two. three or even hall
a dozen referendum voies to establish
the constitutionality of a series of acts
whose constitutionality might in- estait?
llshed by a .Ingle amendment. Take the
colonel's favorite Illustration of tbe a.i
of his device workmen'a compensation
legislation in thi- state. As The Tribune
has already pointed out. one referendum
j of ihe Roosevelt Sort might have made
?the Wainw ligin a? i constitutional, hul
? that would have provided rompen
, satiofl for injuries only in dangerous
trades, Whenever a bin was passed ei
? tending tbe principle to other trades, an
other referendum wonld become i
sary. A procesa that works mice for all
is shorter and simpler than one tbnl
works piecemeal. The people do rule
now. with means that are shorter, slm
pier and more effective than tin?-..- pro
[tosed by Colonel Rooaevelt.
/ in: HOI si: ii.).
The open season of tbe bouse _j Is
here once more, snd II behooves us
to resume early and with renewed oner
gy the campaign against ihis dangerous
Insect begun last year. Cleanllneaa la
tbe most effective weapon In the war
npOB this carrier of disease, cleanliness
I in tbd home find the stable, in streets
and alleys, above all In places where
foodstuffs are prepared for tbe marke!
or placed on sale, Bakesbope, meat
' shops and i in- kitchens of restanranta
; should be ihe concern Of every citizen.
not of tbe Board <>r Health alone, i-h
j bunting is repulsive; prevention In the
proper placea rnthlcaaly enforced when
necessary, will Ultimately do away with
No doubt tbe various public and rol
notary bodies thai last ,\ear under?
took, directed ami encouraged ihe arar
upon this disseminator of typhoid fever
will take the held this season in ample
lime. Tin- warnings issued by them
early in 1911 and tin- methods suggested
met With a gratifv ingly prompt reply.
The whole ?country WS? made fully
aware of the danger lhal lurks in tbe
sticky feet of these scavengers. A word
In time should siilliee for the season that
is before us,
? hiiilien were enlisted for Ihe cause
Issl year in man.v Ingenious ways, the
Boy Scotitv distinguishing themselves in
more than one American city, not mere?
ly by th killing, hul bj scout big out
their In-.Iin_ places with tin- persist
em-?, and ingeiniii.v of their a_i- ami re?
porting tbera to the proper authorities.
To tIn-ill there is an element of aport
in the rendering <>f this Important pub
He service. It is a sort of gam?, in wlihh
they should he eiicntiraged. Hill it is
the women who are. after all. Ihe true
keepers of a nation's health. Their vital
interest hi it logins at the ?cradle and
nevar cea sea through life, u |s to
them thai the great movement uf exter?
mination ami prevention la receta?
mended once i ?ora
/V/)/7'/.\T)/.'\r/; WHILE Ydl WAIT
Mr. Jones's hill for giving the Philip
pins Islands ?i|ualilied independence" at
a apeeffled date seems lu lie a Hue ex?
ample of what ought not to |,e enacted.
The velv date eh?isen. without regard li?
the year, is Ingeniously Infelicitous. \\'h>
should we bnpoae the Fourth ,,r Julj
upon another nation ?s it.s laitapmduaie
dav wlnii it menus nothing iu that iih
tioa's hi. ion . wh.v should we share
?>ur Independence Daj with asme one
Sise! And 'i hi Should we pros,,,? i,,
th- ,-nrn of the woftd the contrast thi!
" ' ?' ?*onM i" b< twee? th,- celebration
"" ""' "'" ''l>. "f o?r ;,hw,|,||,.!..
pendence u denned b_ Jefferson and ihe
Filipinos' "qualifie.! 'iidop?'ndone." Bfl
11 resell 1m ?d bj .1 Olios'.'
The logic ?if thus getting any date fot
tho in-slow a I, or Imposition, ??f "quail
tie<i" or any other ind?pendance is nol
coutinctog. If the Filipino? ?irr* n??w
?reatly for ladepockleoea end if they oturJit
to bars it it should be ?ihren t?> them a'
.?nee. without waiting until 1921? as Mr
Jon? s purpoees. Hut if tbey are n?it thus
preparad fen- it. ,,r are in?t now eutltknt
t?. n. who taut Hac?an with aeattraace
that they win in- ??n .Tuiy i. 11)81, and no
sooner? How- ?loos even Mr. Tones know
that they will not he quite rciuiy a year
or two lu-for*? that date, and that i<> boM
llieiu In iKindage until thai will be mou
si mus tyranny'.'- Or how do?-* be know
that they will nol need a year or two
iimre of preparation, and that to turn
then adrift at that time will nut i>?? pre?
mat ut' !
Again, why "qualified," and why
"qualified" in the particular rospirts p?**e
Bcribed? H Is difficult to understand why
the independence of tll??se "little I.row 11
brothers" <>f ?mis should ba ertbb'd,
cabinad and etaifiaed in any such fashion.
Particularly, if ??? are fo give them In*
dependence, wh) ihould we Interfere
with their rettghn and attempt in dictai 1
1o them what shall and what .shall not
he their lalth and practice? Surely. :..
?I. n> to I Item Hie riirhrs which ihelr fel
low religionists in (?ih?*r binds I
enjoy would he unworthy of even "quail
Bed" Independence. ?On the whole, there?
fore, wo nn* inclined to think thai in?
solier Judgment of the nation will con?
tinue to huid i<? il)?- old*faahloned belief
thai Independence i* n thing ot growth,
i?f litne**.?* and of fact, and nol a qualified
ami gnpblatieated artlflclallty, made i<?
order while you wait.
l/OY/.T 4 W> Rf.<l\l
Trade conditions throughout Hi?* **-oun
tt\ are Improving, s reflection of which
is found in larger bank clearings and
growing railroad earnings. According to
the reports received ?by the commercial
agencies, the tendencies in our Industries
are toward s wider distribute.f
needed bj consumers, and notwithststid?
ing ad verm weather in various parts "i
the United States merchnndl.se is mov?
ing from first hands In good volume,
especlall* In tin West, where the l"n>*
winter, with its constant snow an i
rain, ha- brought about soil conditions
that promise large crops in th?. current
year. Hosvy mows have helped winter
wheat, and the long continued rains in
tin? Smith have >-<i thoroughly soaked
tin- ?ground that a large yield of cotton
is looked for, even though th?' screage
iii,?v I?, ?mailer than that plant? d in tl.?'
last cotton year. The cotton ginning re?
port, supplied by the Census Bureau,
.shows a record breaking return for the
season new closing, with mor?? than 16
000,000 ?bales, and it is therefore n??t sur
prising that Lull-, in th? cotton market
an? nut particularly enthusiastic over the
ouilook for higher prices, in spit?* of vis
I ble signs of an Increased demand for
cotton goods < >f course, the large In?
quiry for drygooih- at better quotations
than those recently prevailing sen
trage the Ides that wide the raw
material may net sdvance currenl levels
can be held
,\t tin? moment timie activity Is more
pronounced in coal, drjrgoods and steel
than In other lines. "BfB
"in drygodfis advance on several kinds
??t goods have I" en mad?* hv tli" mills
and In View of tin? fa? t that Stocks arc
li?ht, that laln.r d-'maml?. higher wages
gnd that production still Is timler nor?
mal, merchants have been coi pelled to
change thHr vies si t?. prices Tbey
now recognise that if tie- want --"?"is
thej must imt delay in placing orden
at rat? * salIsfa? lory t?? the mills." C
ami coke srs exti.ni.lv active, snd sl
though it Is believed that the coal i
will slot down on April 1 well informed
?nteres) m th.? trade d.> nol t?.??k for a
1 j.mc drawn out miners' strike. Fortu
! nately th?- iii-nrest consumers ?*f '"a1
;iia\<* heavy supplies on hand. Further?
more, tie- ?-..ai producing companies, in
expectation of ?? strike, for months have
been Increasing ihotr output, and
consequent-?: have enormous surplus
stocks at various distributing points in
th? iron snd ?*te..i market ncr.? activity
is reported In foundry lr??n. Prl.'es ti.r
finished steel materials sre tinner, and
consumers appear t" be quite willing to
the higher quotations ssked. it Is
worth noting that the railroads ate buj
ing more freely. Conservative expansion
i under way in the metal market, as in
all other tines of trade, and tie- fact that
I'll??- sre moving on th?? imsis of sctual
operations rather than <m speculative
manipulation Is one ?if the most encour*
aging developments of the moment
Copper is in good demand ami ?sal
now being mads at 15 cents s pound for
stock? at? strong and the ?hi.i.nid
from speculators ami Investors le ln
ing. A tirmer tendenoy Is reported
hold in call and tinn money rat? .?-'. and a
heavier offering <?f commercial paper re
(hit* th" Improvement in sentiment ami
actual operations m imsitcs.- circles
Tie monet?r) situation her? is abso
lul'ly sound, ami lbs fait that r\r an
leading abroad and at., piling up a i?i*
credit b?tenos on export sooount should
?iis|/ci any feeling ?>f uneasiness over tin
future of the banking situation m th ?
United stat?'.*--. Export' <?f merchsndlse
in l'*el?i uai\ weti larger than in an*
preceding month In the history ??f th"
.ntry, with a similar [record ?for Im
porta, th?' tTtcflgs of upar Is amounting
in value to m;i.i'..?7..?1h, against an ex?
cess in th?. mum time last year of *.?i.
'_'??>?_'.."????.'? ami an excess ?>f Imports In 1910
,,i .-*:.,.v.;?;Chi. Fot the twelve months
ended February 29 ti.gceas ??f exports
gmounted in val?a t" |5?2,lfi8,0*J7. Dis !
counl rates in Berlin exhibit a (inner
1? lei. le'.?. ami iiidn-atioiis point lo highci
rat? s at most BnrupSail capital.*-. New
Yolk ? ?ilitlnue?. to ship gold to tooth
America. (Or Hie account of London and
Parla, ?Demand f??r New York fund- t
grouring and local bankers naturally aro
I'lfh-s are dan pero us playthings in tho
bands of hoys, even when they wear the
liny Scouts' uniform. Where, l,y th ?
way, was the Sullivan law? Still mon?
to the point, what about the boy's pa?
Mr. Lionel Sutro, of the i;dii. ational
Council of the New York Chamber of
Commer?a haa nturte.1 fui* Central
Amortes to study daman sssthods in
tin markets sf that region, ?'ther-- have
?on.? befOrs him and ? ther**. it ?H Hksly,
will go lid-i -after, luit, on th.- ??hnle, mir
merchants ami manufacturers eonttnue
t?. he iie xpiicai.i> Indifferenl \a ths com
m. i'i.ii posslbllitlsa i>? th. s?.nth ?>f us.
It looks -?s if 'Harpers Weekh had
decided t?? wips the D?mocratie Na?
tional CoaveuMea ??it its ralandaf ol go
iite ,t ?venta B?it o Um Baltimore
hotelkeepers r-'du-e rate?, the Dsmo
? i a'e del?gala ms be able to cheer up
even under Hi?
Fi cat Silence.
pall of Folonel Harvey's
Governor Marshall a( Indiana is a dark
horse, hut wants the Dei oerstS to know
that he la warranted .sound, kind an?l
Swat that fi\
It la some trouble to "rule," as those
Voters will find who have to struggle
v. ith a 11-foot primary ballot
Lady Warurli k'a sudden departure for
home deprives- us of the expectation of
what miKht have proved to be an inter
e.iin-** book on ouraslvea Or nul she
"The dawn comes up like thunder out
er China Trust the bay"!
The young woman of Thooapsonvlile,
Conn., who have resolved not to wed
until they hav received tho franchise
may discover that there are Just as good
Oak In the sen tut ever were caught ? by
bachelors Tiny will ahn gradually
learn, what men hav o known these many
yearn that sentiment and politics won't
m I x.
i in: nr,K of run n\ v.
The menacer et* s cans aad umbrella
department In a lares ?Vew York concern
was sarprl ed ??' the question: "Is there
such s thing as fashion In canes'."' Ol
course there Is. The stralsht canes, with
knoh handles ot nil shapes and made of all
?i he said, "all the rugo" a
few years sao- Conaervatlvi "?en wore
simple canes, hul ? miniatura bandmaster's
baton was easily disposed of. Then came
the thin, snitch can -. and s raw years __?>
nothing .-old batter than sansa with _traj_.it
handlet To-daj everybody wants a cro?">k
b?ndle cana, anil there in a food reaaaa for
lbs styla in crowded subway and elevated
trains and ira where a man must.
hold to a strap and has only one hand left
? rute and paper, tin- crook handle ?
very handy. It hang al ' " pocket or
over the arm and its shape is graceful ami
sen lb! it will um be displaced as tha
In many ye
l'olui? iu Well, now you've gol the ballot
bOX, vvh.it ver foin' t?> do with It.
Suffragette Oh! Do s l'ttl?- disfranchis?
Ina. Vvnat's sauce for tlie goose is sauce
f? r tin gand? r. -Ufe
in "The American Mags Tins ' Tamas op-'
penhelm, writing a story entitled "Thi
Proud White Mother," makes the faUswtna
comment OS life in the city: In the city
human communication ?rows inconceivably
' ii In summer; windows, ?hiera, all ths
pores an open, there Is a play of people
one on another, then Is at night a drench
of golden atmosphere . . . On ?l<le
strei is ths hurdy-gurdy Mings the lovea of
tl?? people and all the wild night Is ex?
? i In the dance of young girls on the
shadowy pavement FamlUee ?-it out on the
stoops, th-- ice ? ream salooas are crowded.
the nickel theatre is ss ftre to the human
i every open window ami door
gives vistas of busy life "
I'?tient- I cannot concentrate, doctor. My
tiiuti ot thought keeps Jumping th*- track.
tor Ah, s ncrvoua wreck!?Boston
' ? ele s.?m has thousands of cats, which
? of ebon! |1S a year
- ich The government maintains in tho
Philippine island!- a small army of "cold
ita "At this (mtvc n?e cold ator
; ot at Manila." ?ays "The Baa ?Tran
Argonaat," "where srent quantities
of provisions arc kept, cats are most nee
. end at the establishment of tin- post
there a'ere sent there some ol the famous
cold M'Tiig. breed. This breed orlglaated tn
tin- great warehouses of a cold storage com?
pany and has developed special ?-|uallflca
lor enduring extreme cold. These eoM
ta arc Short-tailed, chubby, with
.:?,!?? v fur."
Btobba- Bapphedde in s skin. He Is sot?
ting monev under fal
Slobhi Were you fleeced?
Rlobbe- I Should Ra. ??? I gave him a
penny for his tl.Kitt?-Philadelphia Rec?
"Full) on? third Of all children In the
primary and grammar gradas are phyatoally
or mentally Incapacitated, or both." says
Rhets Cl i?i? Dorr, la an article on "Tlie
ChlM That ii? Different," in "Tha Century."
g children, approximately one-third of
ail children under fourteen years of age,
; keep m? with the ordinary school
culum, which dorks I to mast tas
i* i,- teetly h"althy, noffnal. average,
well fed, well cared for youngsters."
i presume v.,.i sre engsgsd to the duke?'
"What's Ihe hitch? ?Awaiting hi-? family-?
H lan'l thai Uc can't many without
a majority favorable repon from his cred?
a ? Louisville l'ourter-Journ il
TO PREVENT STRIKES
A Suggestion That Labor Disputes Bo
Settled Compulsorily by Law.
To the Editor ?if Tlie Tribune
S,i A.poS Of the threatened coal Strike
there an four rea onl tor tho common
adoption nf tbe .strike method of expr?s
lag popular dlsaatlsfactlon with industrial
i -i The strike affords positive i.e.ma
ol enabling those directly affected by un
?i.-ir.ibi-- condition? of bringing these con?
dition? tu t!??- notice tit thoae must able
tu apply a remedy.
... ?_ond it affords ? potenl meai of
bringing the we - ibllc opinion the
mosl powerful influence we posaras ???
bi-.,i- ii|.iiti the --ut ji 11 in dispute
Third it proves beyond ths shadow of
doubt the sincerity of the contestant?
t, \;n-,i the position they eH?-h assume.
Fourth It If n.seil unly after other iii?':iiis
?if reaching an amicable underatandinc
havi been exIiaUKted and Implies s win?
Ingnex iu nave ihe facts relating lo the
matter brought to linht. be the con?
quei. a? ?it they maj.
?fhesc rtaaons are full and satisfaction to
the niis'is of those must directly conei
i.nt i ni i?. take Into ceasldsrattaa tha ef?
fect of _irik"s m?.m the test of the people.
Tlie general pabHe .ne beginning to can?
eider seriously the validity or soestitutton
atll . upon tin linn ground al common
human lin h t m. nf any action t-v pa?t- ?a a
community thai inflict? neodleea Injury
upon the whole Bueh action is sasentlally
unjust, and .til fait mladed men on both
Of th? ei.al inverse imi<it be Willing
t.. avoid it whenever possible.
Oi.f the m?i!*t isgirt labia taatnres al
trlkes, as ordinarily oeaduetoe. is tha
temptation la loras span legislatures k
III considered renn die? in order to relieve
the situation teiniilles that If adopted
would be Iti'lnltily w?.rne thnn the disease
they seek to relieve. An instance ()f till.,
kind is evidenced In the liritlslt coal ?tnk?
In which the minimum wage proponed I .
nothing mare than the ent?rina vedas of
?tats m?'.??i-m The exigencies of such a
situation will demand a minimum pstaa
Open :tll produits in order to guarantee
the payment of the minimum wage- the
refuge of tha lazy, indiff?rent and mls
plaCOd .ui?l this Iti an ?ige of revolt at
th?? high cunt of Hvtag.
'I-? my mind, then- is but one rung of
the ecomunlc ladder up.m which the min?
imum wage ?.m be successfully used th??
mag at the bottom **eg ths lit flftesu
>ears or more I have advocated tiado
school fauns upon whi.-h thOOS without a
trade could laara oae, while a? the mut
titln- thev Wen- i.iniill? a HVtllff, I l'-re
Upon the ciiintiiiin ground Ol new h?i|?? and
fresh endeavor IhS minimum wag.- .null!
be properly applied |., the human misfits
seeking ihetr proper adjasaaienl t.i nf.-,
?uei the security n wonld afford ??( the
bottom would benefit s,?iei\ in ,,n u,-,,i.
Up lo th? fog
To I'o-^tii n rvh?-i??>?i. i?,? ..f puSMe]
w thtoush atrlhea there miRht bel
enacted a law suhttantlally as follows:
That all employ. IS and employes unahle
to i-cttl" fin-ir dlffsrsneSS hciween thein
SSlVes shall give thirty ?lays' notice to the
government, at the expiration of which
a committee ?if experts "f the National
Arbitration Commission will he prspsr 1
to take charge of (heir affairs ponding
settlement of their dispute, during which
business shall continue as- usual* tie co
?if such temporary control bslag Jointly
paid, the employer yielding for this pur*
peas K per cent of his pronts an'l the em?
ploye 10 per cent of his wages, anj i
of such lew abovs actual expenses revert
Ing to the Treasury of the United gtate
v.Y. H. BOTgTOWE
New York, March .1. MS,
OLD AND TRIED METHODS
Repeatedly Used and Always Ready
To th.? Editor of The Tribuna
sir: Mr. Roosevelt, having made a sp.ii
before r ti-? Ohio constitutiunai COm
at Columbus, has entered upon a campaign
or explanatioa a few days after his CO?
Iambus speouii ti?* announced t" the Mas-;?
chusetts Assembly Ms purpom t?i speak
"spooiflcalty on tie? proposition of giving
to the people, in the I.*? resort, the Inter?
pr?tation of the Constitution." He went on
t?i explain that what ho had In mind was
this: That If a law In- duly cna.-.ed by
state legislation, a law which Is a general
one, "passed in the collective interest ?>(
tii*? whole community." ami if such h tats
he declared by the'highest court ?if the
stiit" to be imeonstltutl? nal, then th.? pe pi
may, h y voto at an election, declare that
th.- court Is wrong and that the law Y con
w lien this proposition Is put forth In the
same iip'.'ith with such expressions ss "K"ii
mtie popular n IS" and "the pi'ople, ?ifti T
dt ? deliberation, sre to be snd must be
th? masters," It sounds leasonaMe enough.
Kvldently Mr. ?ftoossvstt means to convey
Hi" idea that si presen) the psople do not
rule, and that the adoption Of his proposals
will enable them to d
it must l?e recognised, however, that In
most cased where the court declare a duly
? na. !"<i statute to i"-* unconstitutional, ?the
court i-- .?-imply passing upon the particular
language in teblcfa the Leglstature has st?
? d to express it. purposa tic course,
in mi ii a case it would be s Mt absurd to
go through the oourss suggested by Mr.
Roosevelt, with the posSibls result that the
people, at an election, might determina that
Certain language was declaratory nf a. con?
stitutional purposa when jurists trslasd in
.". had found that such sras not tho
case. It. Ls so much simpler, an?1 in aC
OOrd with custom as well, to re-enact the
law in suitable language st the n?*xt ?es?
pion of the Legislature.
The court?* have no power to pas.? upon
the policy of S legislative enactment, but
It may some time happen that, In pessing
upon a statute, th?*, court will go beyond
the uniting that the eaaetflgeat in it.s ]>r?-.s
tnt form is obnoxious to the Constitution,
and will ?ay that, under the Constitution,
the Legislature has no power to do that
whl? ii was attempted by such sta-tut?'. Per?
haps it is this very limited class of ca.**?'s
which Mr. Roosevelt tuts In mind. But here
acaln the people are not without rel.ef, for
i:' g particular purpose Is contrary t<? the
provisions of tho Constitution, It is pSSSfble
to annnd the Constitution to meet tho _il
<?f ?ourse, thes?. old and tried methods l?y
which the peopti may express and repeat
?B-llv hnv? expressed their will may not suit
Mr. Roosevelt's Idsas of how those affairs
should ho conducted, but the r??eltatlon of
them here ?serves to show that his pro?
posals ?ire. simply as to methods, no matter
what he may say to the contrary. Py
strentiou.-ly proclaiming that his proposition
is a stand for the fundamental hut neglect?
ed principio of rulo by the people Mr.
ROSSevelt may hope to attract follower.-,
for he r*T?-?bably reall?e?i that, pr.-s--.nted t-n
Its true llRht, merely us a new method his
proposition would weigh up very poorly.'
P. LOWIg ANDERSON.
No II Broadwiy. New York, March 21, li"l?
NOT AN INSURGENT.
To ?he Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In a recent Issue of The Tribune I
noticed an article in which the followlm*:
Was contained: "Mr. ?-Utibh. has been twice
tdeeted Governor, and the state administra?
tion Is Insurgent from top to bottom.''
If you mean by that that Governor Stubhs
nn?1 his appointee* nre Insurgents, your
arti' 1? is correct, hut If you mean that all
of the stat? ofhVers of Kansas are Insur?
gents >our artillo is OOt correct. I am
serrbig my third consseuttvs term as State
Hirer, gad l am not an Insurgent, and
never was, and have bo sympathy what
??Mth Insurgency, E**u**ttM*-mors, I am
Strongly In favor of the reuomlnation <>f
President Taft and think It WOUtd be a
shameful act for the ftepubttcaa party to
fail to renominate him.
Topeka, Kan . March _2, 1312.
THE REMOVAL OF PROJECTIONS.
To the K.iitor of The Tribune.
sir Put.iio hssrings on the removal <<f
building projections were advertised for
the last meting Of the Hoard ?>t ISatlmat*.
Tho priated calendar was a forscsst of the
la?-k of desire to hear the public, for
it msntlSBsd communloatlons prslsetlng
st the proposed action ami concluded:
"it Is recommended that tho res??lution be
approved. Resolution Cor adoption."
A large gathering of business men and
property owners attended to protest, but ln
stead ?>f being listened to with an open
mind by tho board the speakers were re?
peatedly Interrupted by Borough ?Presi?
dent M< Ant'iiy. whose antagonistic com?
ments on the various points mulo indi
eatsd the futility of givitiK expression to
public sentiment before an otlleial whose
mind was already made up.
A regs-esentatlve of ths Kii.? Railroad
was th" only advoc?is of the rsaslutfcm,
his reason being that it would make it
sealer for Jerseyttss to ?nier sad lea?..- rla
his railroad, but II .?i?t not appear that ths
company owned anv property that wmiM
in affected, nor thai the proposed im?
provements, if they cm I..? so calli'il. wer"
initialed by Hiiv public petition or dSBBSSBd
Tho projei'lioiis ptOpOOSd tS i??? removed
weio .?H.'cti'd m tho tlrst instance pursuant
tO valid corporation ordinance?, under the
written permits of th?: city authorities.
Would it not be weil to escure legislation
, requlriua as a condition precedent to pub?
Jectlns taxpayers to th?? peat expense snd
curtailed usefulness of tlnir property by
the removal of theee projections that a pe?
tition signed by st least 60 per cent of the
?.wiiiis Wims?' property is affected should
he ?presented t<? the official having Juris?
diction before th.'tr removal can be or?
NtS York. March '.I, 1912.
NEW YORK FROM THE SUBURBS.
A teetpod In New \oik helil eg a IcSOl SW t.
Bg iiilatu.??, of course. One can't toll anything
by appearance.. ??-leveland rtaln Dealer.
Thro.* fi'tirth? ef the peOglS of Brooklyn are
?.Him-, ii.oat of thtin having ??rcilarate.l from
N.-w Yoik.--Houston I'ost.
Tli? New York polio? ?lumped eight thousand
ilolUis' OSS lb of ofiill-nated weapons oiit.lii? the
Nurrows reoeaUy. TblS ou--ht to be encouraging
iifws to tin.? arms inaiiufai turing companies.?
Phlladelpbla tag? i
An ?-.peili-Kiit l.? to U? nuiil? to cht'.k tho
xpr.-atl of tSfeSSSalSSSl In New \ofk without re?
ino. Ing tho persons ?ffe?, t?.I IS hospitals or sanl
tartsssa Tie principal sgsaat ta tbe euro of
ml. ?. ulosj? are trash air ami plenty 8* aus
shin?, sad if tl..? ?an I?*? iii?pli?.l th.re t? no
rea-on ttttg the pxperuuent ?.Im>iiI?1 ool l*e ? ?uc?
ees?. iinfT.in oanrseedBl?
The poll?*? of New York Im?? "o nioie im
r-irtinf work ?in hand than thai of Smilng th?
,,., os rasp?n Ible foi en.ttn? .? murderona
l?nnih to lodge RsSSlSay. 'Nie ma? who sho'ti
Inn SOSMf at ?l?hl is tar leaa <1ai?g?-*<*-us then
IM SUS ?? ho gsaeesls a deadlr uisohttv? in. an
Innocent leefctag r?S'i?-ig- in.i ?end? i?, bv mail
or in???-!!-,-?' ?o lili Inteadtd raths. Rocheeler
I ' I.X?*l?tS.
Socialist Teaching for British
London. Match !>.
British democracy is not fratefal for
social reforma. The ?unreal estimate for
old ace panetons is 112^00,000; for labor
exchanges and unemployment in?ur.nc_
(804067 is added, and tlie preliminary
expenses of the Insurance act; which la
to beOOBM operative next .1UI>. are
i_.?Mi?.l?L,."i. The Liberal government ha?
BO! .shirked the responsibility of Waging
at high cost what the Chancellor ha? de?
acribad ;i? 'implacable war fais against
poverty," and yet there has hern a scries
of startling defeats at by-elections, cul?
minating in disaster at Smith Man?
chester, since the insurance hill was in
troduoed in Parliament as a remedial
measure for uplifting tlie masses.
UalonlSt managers und candidat-_ hav.
been unscrupulous in taking advantage
Ol an unpopul?r act bet?re its tNNM?ta
v. ere understood; but partisan sharp
practice does not aOOOUttt for th* shrink?
age of the Liberal polls. The trad?
unionists and worklngmen under social?
ist leadership have turned against th?
government They have not been wilting
to pay for social lefOIIU by 'a tax on
Neither the South Manchester elec?
tion, nor the. disastrous miners' sfrik.
can bo understood without epectfte ref?
er.no . to the socialist propaganda pre?
claimed by agitators and explained Iu
Ins flota ami cheap manuals As the casa
for socialism is summed np b. plausible
irriten like Mr. Fred Henderson, pri
vata ownership of land and capital en?
able., tiie haves to appropriate for theaa?
selves everything above* a bare living
for the have-nots. There ii wealth
enough for all when Incomes era la
creasing at an average of t _:_!,< M.,m?)
a year; and people are poor because the
national resources ato unjustly dis
tributad. That is the socialist t-achm.
and the conclusion comes straightway
that poverty will be got rid of if ths
privileged classes can be dispossessed _f
control of the sources of wealth. That
Lh to say, capital and industry in
of being ordered for private profit wl!,
become civic services for the benefit of
all, and there will be a final disappear -
anee of the right of an owning class to
live by tribute upon tlie labor of a sub?
ject class. At the bottom of the socialise
case as presented by agitators like Mr.
Hartshorn and Mr. Keir Hardie and by
writers llko Mr. Henderson is the idea
that eg operative Joint ownership by the
wholo nation of the means of work will
change the face of England and put -'in
end to poverty. The United Kingdom,
with its land, industries and capital, will
become a Joint stock company, with
every citizen fully Invested with pro?
Trade unionism Is saturated with thos
socialist teachings. Worklngmen i
mires and factories are looking for thei
ransom In an Industrial Inheritance wh e
national resources now reserved tor th
few are distributed among the homes o
tlie people and mado available for gen
eral life. Their expectations ara dis
appointed when the Chancellor, at'te
budgeting for a few millions for pen
slons end other social reforms. ___;
workmen to pay their quota along wit.
their employers toward sickness fund?
and social reforms. They reject the ein
tributar], basis of insurance as an un
neceasar] concession to the capital!**'
? las.. There must be nothing like taxa
tion of wages! Let ministers find fresl
methods of attacking privileged classe
and of making levies upon the Idle rich
but let thorn beware of asking the disin
herlted aaaaaaa. who have not yet com?
into their kingdom, to pay for anythinj
themselves: If there cannot be insur
anee at the expenso of either the _t.it*
or of tho employers, the Socialist, with
his trade unionist followers, wlD hav.
none of It. If ministers persist in pad?
dling burdens upon the pour workman
their majorities will be cut down and
wiped out! If they are not warned by
one by-e!eetion they will be demoralized
by a senes of disasters until they barn
that 00 Stronghold of Liberalism is safe!
There may be frothy talk of this kind
la tin- Qermaa beer saloons and Socialist
platforms when a general election is ap?
proaching, bat It does not represent the
collecttvtst agencies, which are Improv?
ing and npltftlng the condition of the
naasoea In the ITatheriand. The aage
earner la ths unit ot the social organ?
izat ion of the German Empira. Be has
no Inherent right to expect that the
will U?H care of him and provide hint
With food, lodging and work, a pension
iti old age and a share in the profits, In?
come ;i ml wealth of other men as a sup?
pressed stochholder In every national In?
dustry. It is bis duty to work and IS
contribute a few pennies week!
amergaactaa of sickness, dis.un.it. ?and
aid ?i.i'. and if be declines ?-niplov ment
ami baooaaaa .1 vagrant or a beggar ue
can be compelled to earn hi* bread In ??
workhouse conducted on I nisi tics* prln
? ijii.-s. lie is entitled, however, to Ifavo
stile aid In every tiling that teuds I"
make him mora ciiici.-nt as a worker and
less anxious iu Ins home: lie is to be
Well housed ami trained for his Ot
tlon; ihe various gyateeas of Industrial
Insurance are to be carefully supervtaed;
when lie is out ol work In? must have
every lacilitv for Unding iresli employ?
ment, and be can depend upon col*
1?. tivist sgeawleg when h<' strives in im
piiive ids lot ami to Kive hla ehlldraa a
better chalice lo ?Jet oil ill tho world that!
his own has 1.11. State .oeinlisiu in
German] netther pauperises nor pampera
ih,- worfcmaa ?* a dagaasSanl upon the
bounties of paternal government. It
stimulates manly independence and
raises the standards of vv.itk a-dav citi?
Social reform as It has been COndUCteJ
In England has not been scientific, as it
has been in (?ermany. Tensions bata
been granted as gratuities without re?
gard for thrift or Improvident:?; th?r<>
has been no enforcement of the ObtigS
tlon to work when costly employment
agencies have been established, and
whllo the insurance net has been based
on contributions from workmen as well
as from employers and the state, it has
been a grada measure against which all
classes have been prejudiced ut'.d en?
couraged to rabal Tim Socialist lead?
er., are not willing to have tho Individual
vvoik-r taxed' for his own good. '__?_>'
art in?t Interested in th?> dignity ?if s?''* '
respecting labor and thev have no fall h
m the beneficent co-operation of empl"v
era and employed in working out social
reforms for tho good of the common
coiintrv Their idea ?t ?ivilized a<?'
einni.-nl 11 ransom. Un- hav.s ate to be
1. m led and plundered during lif?- *1"1
after desth then- isaeaaslaahl ?*?**? ?0 r"*
bled gfresb for the benefit of the he*??*
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