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LONGITUDINAL SEC'THlx" OI* THK TITANIC. SHOWING ???^
_____^____?_xrr?^ a?swt raws s ?a sus s-..- *s... * *-* - * ?^-? - ?
Tic bnllden of *? THsnfc procl_dH___! b* ...i.ink:il.lr. and utilized every modern improvement to ?^????J* ^^JE^S
rendered ?t imponible to constnic. eornimrtmontt of such size that they muid ?>e flooded ?H* asttj to the ship
?rred to the Virginian. The steamship Carpathia, with several hun
red passengers of the Titanic, is now en route to New York.''
The statement that all the passengers and crew were transferrei
.as qualified later.
"AT 2:20 THE TITANIC FOUNDERED."
Shortly afterward the following was given out as the messag
rom Captain Haddock:
"At 2:20 a. m. the Titanic foundered. Carpathia proceeding to Nev
fork with passengers. H. J. HADDOCK, S. S. Olympic."
After this message was handed to Vice-President Franklin he said
"It is horrible !
"As far as we know, it has been rumored from Halifax that threi
iteamers have passengers on board, namely, the Virginian, the Car
?thia and the Parisian.
"Now we have heard from Captain Haddock that the Titanic sanl
v it 2:20 this morning. We have also learned from him that the Car
?athia had 675 survivors on board.
"It is very difficult to learn if the Virginian and the Parisian havt
my survivors on board. We have asked Captain Haddock and oui
tgent at Halifax to ascertain if there are any passengers aboard tht
"We very much fear, however, that there has been a great loss o:
ife. but it is impossible for us to give further particulars until we havt
jeard from the Virginian and the Parisian. We have no informador
i :hat there are any passengers aboard those two vessels.
"We are very hopeful that the rumors reaching us that the Vir
jinian and the Parisian have survivors aboard are true.
"There was a sufficient number of lifeboats on the Titanic to carry
til the passengers.
"I was confident to-day, when I made the statement that the Titanic
was unsinkable, that the steamship was safe and that there would be
lo loss of life. The first definite news came in the message from Cap
Mr. Franklin denied emphatically that the White Star Line had
withheld the report of the sinking of the Titanic. He said that the
wireless message from Captain Haddock was made public by the com?
pany a few minutes after it was received in the offices.
White Star officials said last night that the Titanic carried 1,323
passengers, of whom 318 were first class, 262 second class and 743
The crew numbered 890, including officers, men and stewardesses.
After the message was received from Captain Haddock -the White
Star Line cancelled its orders for special trains to proceed to Halifax
to bring to "New York the rescued passengers of the Titanic.
The disaster is the greatest known to shipping history.
Those nearest approaching it were the loss of the steamer Atlan?
tic, in 1873.. with 574 lives, and the sinking of La Bourgogne, in 1898,
with 571 lives.
There still remains the hope that the Virginian and the Parisian
will report having saved some of the passengers or crew of the Titanic.
It was not until after 7 o'clock last night that it became known that
the Titanic had foundered with a terrible loss of life. All day hopes
had been buoyed up by messages telling of the rescue of all on board,
and it was also reported that the vessel would be towed safely into
harbor at Halifax.
THE EARLY MESSAGES HOPEFUL, BUT UNOFFICIAL.
The early messages, however, were all unofficial, and there was
always the fear of the bad news that came flashing over the wires from
Cape Race soon after 7 o'clock that the Titanic had sunk south of the
Newfoundland Banks three hours and fifty-five minutes after striking
The first official information, sent hy Captain Haddock of the
Titanic's sister ship, the Olympic, told the awful extent of the disaster
??that of the more than 2,200 persons on the Titanic only 675 had been
saved. The significant line was added that nearly all of those saved
were women and children.
There were 230 women and children in the.first and second cabins.
It is not known how many there were in the steerage, but the dispatch
seems to spell the doom of nearly the entire crew as well as the men
HELP FROM VIRGINIAN AND PARISIAN NOT PROBABLE
Su the confusion reigning at the White Star offices Vice-President
Franklin studied the situation as calmly as possible. In spite of hones
to the contrary, he did not believe the Virginian and the Parisian could
have reached the scene of the disaster in time to be of assistance
When the Virginian first reported her receipt of the "S O S"
signal on Sunday night she said she probably would not be able to
reach the Titanic before 10 a. m. yesterday. This would have been
nearly eight hours after the Titanic sank. It was equally doubtful if
the Parisian could have reached the doomed vessel earlier.
Mr. Franklin said that from his knowledge of Captain Smith's
gallantry and heroism on other occasions he believed the veteran officer
stuck to the bridge and sank with his vessel.
In discussing the line in the dispatches that nearly all of those
saved were women and children Mr. Franklin said :
"There is no rule of the sea which requires the men to sacrifice
themselves for the women and children, but it is a rule of courtesv
The Pure Pr*?oduct of
Nature's Springs. You will
feel better and do better for using
*Jt\9 *Ansvms%%eT am f*4s?fS
NATURAL LAXATIVE . t\
\\ Glass on Arising for n*fj^0
The Hard Man
A rattling story of military life
and adventure and mystery.
The scene is in Africa. By
Camp?bell Ma^Cull?och. In next
Sunday Magazine of the
! both on land and sea that gallant men have often observed ?n time of
disaster. It is generally true that men make this sacrifice at *U to
! women of the steerage as well as to those who travel in the first and
i second cabins."
The White Star Line officials figured from their data that the
! Olympic was forty miles from the place where the Titanic sank when
she sent the news last night. They calculated that at 7 o'clock last
night the Carpathia was 1,080 miles east of Sandy Hook. As the aver?
age run of the Carpathia is fifteen knots an hour, she should reach New
York early on Thursday evening.
HOW TITANICS CAREER
WAS ENDED BY ICEBERG
While the new ten-mllllon-doll .r White Star liner Titanic, carrying to this
Tort some of the richest end most prominent pf?r3ons In the I'nlted States and
?attend, was steaming ?Ion* on her mal .en trip .lie crash-d Into a fog
hidden iceberg, to the eastward of Tape Race, at 10.25 o'elodl OB Sunday night,
and four hours later she went to Ihe bottom of the Athntfo.
Fresh from th* builders' yards, the hlga-est merchantman In the WOrM left
Southampton last Wednesday with a passenger complement Of 1.470 lOali and
a crew of 890. and from the speed sh- had t?een making with her forced draft
and picked coa.1 it was certain Ih? would have re?ch*d this port in record time.
Nothing thus far has heen learned ?.?Indicate her speed at* the time of tho
collision, hut from the Impsct with th? Ice mountain that s-nt her to the hot
torn It la almost certain she was plunging along st close to 21 knots, the bast A
velocity her triple screws could ?give.
More Then 1,500 Persons Believed to Have Perished.
Only d"? souls of the fJ$S on hoard have thus fur been accounted for. and
it is believed more than 1..V10 persons have perished with the biggest ship In
the world, which was thought to he unslnkabl*.
Misfortune and mishap had camped In 1h* wake of the Tltani?*'* sister ship.
(he Olympic, and It was hoped by the White Star Une that the latest leviathan
from the Harland A Wolff yards, at Belfast, would have better lu?*k.
Fate, however, seemed to have aet Its seal on th* big. nnwl*ldy queens of
the Atlantic, and the Tltani?* did not escape. Three times had the oiymplo
been in trouble, th* mishaps costing her owners almost a million dollars for
?irydorklng. loss of business and repairs
Only once did the Titanic get In trouble. That was off Cape T.a?e on Pun
day night, when she went down In water so deep that no meana known to man
could bring her bark to th* o.-ean highway.
Never In the history of shipping has a vessel of her great mat and tonnag?
,-rossed th* seas, mu??h Ie?? heen wiped out of existence so quickly and so un?
She was looked upon by th? shipping world as th* unslnkabl* ship. ll*r
builder? have boasted that no seas could harm her nor ?culd any vessel afloat
?1,'image her to th* point of ?.Inking. All these apparently substantial ?onten
lt?M wer* mud* vl?h no i**f>ren<-* to treacherous fogs or deadly Icehergr?. the
dreaded trapa of the Atlantic.
Other Ships Eseeped Same Wall of lee.
probably ten or twenty feet of leeway or a ha!Mn<*h turn of the atesm
rear wheel on the brldg* would have sa tee thi Whit* Star beauty The strange
-?art of th* Iocs of the Titanic Is that oth*r vessels of far less tonnag* *ne0un
t*red the same ?one of lc* and came through safely. It Is a rule of the sea.
that captains shall inform one another ahead .nd astern of them that l.*e la In
the tracks It Is thought that the wireless relayed from ship and *h?>re mui>t
have informed CAptain Smith of the da -reroua 1rs ?one ?head,
i Captain Dtw. of th* Cunarder car mania, which got t.. poli ?v. Sunday,
after * five-hour flght through Ice, r* ported that he .-ame Into th* 1-e sud?
denly In n fog bank, and It la thought that the Tltani.* had a similar encounter,
but hit th* hidden |e*b*rg before her master had time to chanae his course or
While it Is generally understood that all \e?**!s shall redu?-* their ?need to
halt when runnln-j through foK, this rule is not atWSya put Int.? for.-* I.v th?
captains of steamships of great tonnage. Some of them run at high speed, on
the theory that whatever they hit head-on must suffer the damage, while their
own chance* of KettlnK off lij-ht are In ?he n?a I ?rltv
J Pruco Ismav, pr?s.ld*nt of th* International Mercantile Marine C0_S?pS?ny,
whose father left him the biggeit bulk of th* stork of the White st.-fr Line, was
,.ne of the Tltablc'B p?liwny?r*. He was anxious to see how th" hi* vessel be.
?,av*d ?m the westward run. and Incidentally make per. ?.nal observation?* for the
Improvement of the servir? on board.
Fairly Good Weather Preceded Accident.
The Iom Uner had had fairly good ue.,th*r up to the time of her encounter
with the fog Th* entire voyage had been one of merriment, and In ?.arl-uis
lounges, even nt the time her sharp stern plooftod Into tho Immovable lc* ?.?.?ill,
men and women in evening dr*:<s eiSt about sipping coffee and playing CSrdS
Judging from the terrific Jolt the fa K?Ve the Anchor liner Columbia ?
MtT ?go. running at about eight knots, the Tit?nica passengers must have been
thrown violently about and many injured. No one ahmnl knew better than
the venerable Captain Smith, commodore of tl)e fleet, that the Tltanlc'a
death knell had been sounded.
He knew wh?n the high sharp stem tl?*re*d th* almost adam.ntlne berg
with all the force of the highest powered ?.ngin?... In the world behind It that
ihere was no hope for his steel charge.
Many of those who had retired were thrown out of their berths, and ran
half clad to the decks, while those who had bc*n lolling In the libraries, .smok?
ing rooms and lounges ran for safety.
The snapping of steel plates and the creaking of wooden fittings In such I
crisis as this is enough to frighten th* most courageous traveller. Aa th* Ti
tanlc's bow buckled In its niche of Krepp j0* with a roar that reverberated no
doubt In the frosted gravevard In wh l< h she was soon to ll?, tons of the softer
Ice crashed upon the splintered d*ek forward and forced her t.?. drink long
and deep of th* waters that were soon to pull her under.
Calls for Help Immediately Follow Crash.
With his clean and careful -?"a record of forty years behind him th* white
skipper of the Titanic never flinched. Ho put aside the thought that his vessel
was doomed and Instantly ordered J. ti. Phillips, his wireless operator, to send
out calls for help. Captain Smith knew that soon the flood would get to his
engines and cut off the power that M hl.? wir? less. He knew, too, that the
auxiliary ftorag?- batterlos ?ould not transmit to any effective distance, c0 h?
was urgent that help should be called for while his engines were working.
When it became known that the skipper had called for Instant h*lp alarm
spread throughout the entire ship, and It was then that the nervo at the skipper
and the brave men under him asserted Itself. The great bulk of steel that an
hour before had defied the fOg and Ice settled by the head, and gradually, n?
the flood worked Itself aft to her vitals, she settled slowly until the main deck
No reports concerning the diselplln?*? of th* crew were received at the Whit*
Star office, but Judging from Information from the Olympic that women of the
ealoon were cared for first, followed in turn by the women of tho second cabin
and steerage, the behavior of the Titan les officers mus' have been unsurpassed.
As the lifeboats were swung out th?; British fierhtlng blood of the officers as?
serted Itself. Armed, no doubt, with revolvers to drive hack th* panic stricken
male passengers, the women and children were packed awuy In the lifeboats
and lowered over the side.
j There was no ?occasion for delay alongside. The men at the oars were or
; dereA to torn tAT awr.y to be rle.ir of the great suction that would surely draw
them d'Hvn when the Titanic dropped under.
Cificors Do Not Quail at Thought of Dsath.
Darkness and fog added to the difficulty. Total darkness undoubtedly pre?
vailed when the Ilfeboati were launched, for the name lighting dynamos that fed
thi wireless had long before passed out of commission. By the dim light of oil
lanterns the Titanic*? officers, knowing well that within a few hours they woul?l
rest on the bottom with their chip, kept back th?-? cowards and helped the women
'nfl chl'dren to sa f et v.
The Titanic had. it Is thought, twenty lifeboats, e.ach capable of holding forty
pcrs-ou.--. At best these life craft could not care fur more than eight hundred
per-ons. There were sov?-*ral life rafts on hoard, but the use of these was not
mentioned in the ?"?lympic's messages. There was plenty of help coming, but
the sad part of it all waa that willing hands wer* too far away.
Women of the saloon who had been making merry aboard the ship a few
hours before were h'istled. with their Jewels and their purple and fine linen,
Into lifeboat? with their modestly clad sisters of the steerage. For once In lifi
they were on a -nmmnn plane, huddled top-ether In lifeboats, where each had a
comm-in thought that she was leaving behind a father, husband or son to perish
in th* stee| pa lac? that brought them to the parting* r<f th? ways.
Rescued Only Witnesses of Titanic's End.
Th? Tltnntlc went down unseen by other eyes than those watery ones in
the lifeboats, and It is doubtful if even they through the misty night
wer? abl? to se? h?r sink. The awful roar as she plunged under ?as perhaps
the only sl(*n th? survivor? had that she had disappeared
Apart from the men who manned th" lifeboats. It is believed that no member
of th? crew was saved According to those who know him. Captain Pmlth and
his officers assembled on the bridge, and, In accordance with the rules of the sea.
bravely went down with their ship.
Several hours later, when those on th? Titanic had passed to rest, the
cunard Uner Carpathia, which could undoubtedly have saved all hands, came by
at top speed, too lf.tr* to be of assistance. Wreckage and crowded lifeboats were
the onl] marks above the eurfa??e to sl.ow where th? great Titanic had been.
Th? ?'?inarder promptly took the survivors aboard and p?it about for New
York. The All in liners Virginian and Parisian ?ame by later, but It Is nor,
known whether they gathered In any of those from the Titanic.
Olympic Stops Over Younger Sister's Qrave.
At dusk yesterday the Olymplo at high speed came over the grave of her
young?r sister and stopped. On her bridge stood Captain Haddock , the man
whom the Titanic? disaster had made commodore of the White Star fleet.
Late last night, as he was leaving his ?"?moe. P. A. P. Franklin, vir*-presi?
dent of the International Mercantile Marine Company, was asked If there were
enough lifeboats on the Titanic to take care of all on board, and he replied that
he did n?">t know.
After a moments hesitation he added.
"Th* capacity of the lifeboats Is between thirty-flv? and forty each. I
do not km w the number of lifeboats carried by the Titanic r think It prob?
able, ho'vevr that the steamer was equipped with lifeboats enough to ac?
Mr Franklin was a?ked Uf It was probable that all th? passagers Te??-*u?**
were woman and children, It having been reported that the men on board
were held hack ?hile the women and childr?n entered the lifeboat?.
"I assume that such would be the case," h? repll?d.
Mr. Franklin said that, If hi? opinion, if It wer? found that all passengers
could not he taken from th? liner th? women in the steerage would have been
taken from the Titanic before th? men oc.upying first and second class cabins.
raies m m
Wireless Operators So Inter?
preted the "S O S" Signal
That Supplanted "C Q D."
OPERATOR OF EXPERIENCE
John George Phillips, Trusted
Employe of Marconi Com?
pany, Had Best Appa?
ratus at Command.
(By Cabl? ?o Tha Tr-inura.*
London. April 16 ?"Tuesday) -The man
who s?nt the fateful "S O S" wireless ap.
p?al for assistance, th? Marconi operator
aboard the Titanic, is John Oeorg? Phil?
lips. ? resident of ?lodalmlng, Surrey.
An official of the Marconi '"ompany
told "The Dally Express'* representative
that Phillips Is one of their most trusted
at.d effl'-ient men.
"He hag been six yer,r? in our em?
ployment," that official said, "and he i?
twenty-six years old. He has operate*!
the wireless all over th? world and on
many vessels. His Installation on the
Tltanl?- possessed a range of about Tr*t
mtles ?inder all conditions. Usually,
however, it wotild convey messages to a
much greater distance.
"Phillips took day and night turns
with his assistant at the apparatus, ?,
that It was never for a moment left un
"The equipment of the wireless cabin
on the Titanic includ?ed nil the latest
improvements and was the best of lt?
klnd in existen? e."
The oftVlal explained how the Titanic s
cry of distress would be dealt with when
the first "S 0 S" signals came to thrill
th? night shift man In the operatln?"*
room on dreary Cape Race. The oi?l
danger signal was "C Q D." and th
operators used to speak of It as "Coma
qui<-kly; danger." Now they have this
phrase for the new "S O S" message
They speak of It as "Pave our souls."
The "C Q T>" signal was abandon?*?!
because it was possible to confuse It
with others. Th?is. the Postmaster ?Gen?
eral decided to s'ibstttute "S <? S,** which
In the Morse code is three dots, tv?
dashes and three dots. There Is nothini
else like that In all the Morse language
?MES OF SURVIVORS 1
ON 1 CARPATHIA;
?r ?ntlfiiiril from (lr?t pn*?.
the pasenger list. It is believeH they are
the Ryersons, of Chicago, who were
bound home to attend the funeral of
Arthur Ryerson, jti, who waa killed in ;
an automobile accident nesr Philadel?
There wm speculation here after the j
receipt of the incomplete list of the sur
vjvors as to whether or not the first
name which camo through, "Mrs. Jacob
P.," with the next word missing, waa
not probably Mrs. John Jacob Astor.
At 2 a. m. to-day the following addi?
tional list of survivors wa?". given out in
the offices of the White Star Line:
Mrs. Harry Anderson.
Miss Emile Kemochen.
J. B. Fair.
J. B. Fair, jr.
Frederick Won!mer. ?
Howard B. Case.
Miss Lucille Fortune.
REPORTS 868 RESCUED
Carpathia Message Expresses
Grave Fear for Others.
T-toiton. April 15. A wireless message
pl'ked up Into to-night, relayed from the
olvmplo, snys that the Carpathla Is on
her way to tigmj York with S6S passen- .
gern fr??m the steamer Titanic aboard
Th-y are mostly women and children, the
m<MMa?J ??Id and It ended:
"Crave fe;,rs are felt for the safen
of the balance of the passengers and the
ANXIETY IN PHILADELPHIA
[By T?;?*?r.?ph ?n The Tribun? )
Philadelphia, April 15.-Relatives of Phila
?1??lphia passenRors? ?>n board the Titanic
storme?! tin- local newspaper and cable of
ti< es end the oflltfef of the Whit.? 3tar Line
here this morning In an effort to get
authentic news of the disaster.
M?st of the Philadelphia passenger.?? of
the Titanic are 'prominent financially and
socially her?? and alon-T the main line.
Mr. n n?i Mrs. George D. Widener. of
l,ynn.?wo?..l Hall, h'lkins Park, and their
son, liarrv K Ik Ins Widener.
Mr. and Mrs John H Thayer and their
son. Ji-hn H. Thayer, Jr. of Haverford.
William C. nulles, of No. 319 South
Mr. and .Mrs William B. carter and their
son and daughter, William, Jr., and Mlss
Lurllle ?'arter, of Bryn Mawr.
Mr. and Mrs Arthur Ryerson. of Haver
ford, who are hurrying home to attend tha
funeral of their son, Arthur l.arne?1 Ryer?
son, who mas killed last Mondav with J.
Loots Hoffman, another Yale student, In an
Mra. J. W M. i'ordena, of Washington
l.ane and Morton str??et. (}eimaiitii\Mi, an?!
her son, T. D M. ?'ardeza.
Robert W Psnlel, of the bankfnz firm
of Shlllard-Sniltli-I>aniel Company, of No.
."'JS Chestnut street.
Mrs Thomas P??tter, widow of Colonel
Thomas Potter, and her ?l-iiighl'-r, Mr?.
Houlton l-.aui-.iiai.. of ML Au*?'.
On Sea and Land
At home and abroad?night
and day?accidents are hap?
pening. Sometimes there are
narrow escapes from injury
; or death, which but empha?
size the necessity for Acci?
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Do you carry enough?
pioneer accident insurance
company of America?issues
the best accident policies
you can buy.
Moral: Insure in the Travelers?
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