CHARACTER STUDIES FROM "DEAR OLD CHARLIE."
3>?Aft ?15 etMUtUBx
Few Persons Realize What a Huge
Humanitarian Machine the American Red Cross Is
Continued from fourth paje.
it is eondnetJni In first aid ?ducation, it
works ttroufb tl?e Young Men's Christian
aassciationa throujb the Boy ?oeuts,^
thro igb any organisation which will hell? it
to reach the pet?le And it works lnde
I-end? ntly of any organization wherever its
instruction Is likely to he most needed.
In America the ?catastrophes which ?sail
for Red Cross assistants are ettber Indus
Ilia] calamities Of the t-ort of great natural
cataclysm which the Insurance companies
used piously to call "the hand of Ood." in
auch home of de_Mructi?>n as followed the
Pan Francisco sni-hquak* tlw .front Key
Weat hurricanes, the widespread foresl
of the Northwest, the stricken community,
HO matter how self-sufficient It may he
under ordinary circums tanr.-s needs help,
trained help. And that Is where th?- Red
Cross comes In?not merely in being willing
to help, hut In knowing how, and because
the country is assured that It knows how? j
In having the ?inews of war at Its command
la an emergency.
TRAINED HELP THE BACKBONE.
Ai to th!? trait e?l help which is the back?
?bone of ped Cross efficiency, obviously the
organization could not keep always on its
payrolls the larger number of trained weir'i
ers necessary to administer relief after
great disasters. "To solve this problem."
aays one of Its officials, "there h.is been
crated an institutional membership. Into
"?hieb some of the strongest and most ef?
ficient charity organization societies of the
country have been Invited. These societies
?aav? agreed to furnish at the request of
Mr. Bicknell, th-** national director, mem?
bers of their trained personnel, skilled in
handling Just auch conditlona aa are met
"??.th in the emergencies created by these
terrible catastrophes, in thia way th' Hi d
Croa? can command the services of th?- boo!
?-.lent of this kind in the country at a m<>
??nt's notice, and aiter the voluntary w-ork
*n have returned to their hornea and their
**a affairs agente trained In handling all
class?e of people, experts In syetematlc re
b*t, continue on aa long aa they may be
netted In the dlfflcula task of rehabilita?
THE MISSISSIPPI FLOODS.
At this writing, of course, there are
fic-ode to be dealt with right here in the
t'nited Btatea. and Uncle 8am Is dealing]
*lth them. Nor la the Red >"ross ....
Institutional Mra. Jellaby. collecting for the
h?aUien snd neglecting hornea. It la send?
ing trained helpers Into th? devast;it> d
districts, and whatever needa doing will
j* done. uut that fl00(lB ln th(, Tnited
states should result ln any great famine
It was ayatematic relief that was needed
e ?Ban Francisco?any other aort wouid
*?ve been helplesa. Only systematic relief
would have availed In the great Key \\ ? Si
Hurricane of 1**?-which devastated the
*?"-*-??? and swept away sections of that
?otiderful railway that waa building out
over the Florida key? and many of the
wen employed In the work Only sy. tem
?Uc relief ,,)Ul() ,,...... )mnd|e<1 the situa?
ron la Northern Minnesota when forest
4r\*'tBV,m over an'1 '"'niA"i>AY destroyed
nei toan? of Ipooner and Bsandotta lu the
J?a of mi. The Rad Croes provided thro?
nundred small houses for those left home
m_- i th*"* tt^*,? !t ?lul)l'llt;'J OnXtaas,
tairni h0Bp,tAl treatment, clothing,
feed*i ln,plem<!n?4-- cattle, hay and
und bUllt t*m?K)rary achoolhouaea.
Clau??n ,hl' occaBKm K Played Santa
' t0 the children whose yule
?W-Uoipatlons had gone up in smoka.
Nine hundred packages of <*hrli?tmaH gift;
di?i the northern Minnesota Red CroM r<
lief committee distribute to the youngst? n
of thai tin me ?wept ?'?immunity.
Tn the mining district catastrophes hav?
been ?0 many ;?n?l ???? terrlhle in the eacrf
Bee <,t human life that 1'ncle Sam hai
taken a hand Thirty thousand lives hav?
been Ipel in this country In mining ?lis.is.
ter? 'if the last ten years. 1MM men hav?
i ? ? n injured-many of them maim??! fei
life?11,'">?> women have been wlilowel an?l
W,M children have been left fathertaaa
The flK'iies are so Hppalling that the Bu*
reau of MlneH has been seriously Investi?
gating, the public Is aroused, and tho mini
oamera are no longer more ooneerned over
the killitiK of ? mule than over the killing
of a man. The Bureau <>f Mine.-, ?aid?
from mere InYeetlgetlag, has equipped eight
mine rescue cars, and th?* firnt aid Instruc?
tion ??riven on these cars In In the hands
of the Red Cross.
Of th? value of this Instruction there can
l?<- no rnatUK-r of dOUbt In the anthra?ite
region of Pennsylvania the sums disbursed
by benefit associations have been cut
?QUarely In half in mines where first aid
is w.-ll tauRht. In one Pennsylvania mining
district the death rate has been reduoed
from one death to 90,000 tons of c<-?al mined
to ?ine for every 110,000. Last OotOber there
was a national mine safety demonstra?
tion at Pittsburgh, In which forty "first
ai'l" t.-ams took part. This was n??t a Red
Croe? function In any sense. It was given
by the awakened mine owners, and teams
were sent from all part? of the United
States, one coming all the way from
Oregon at the expense of the mine ?iwner?,
who were glad to show what they were
doing for the protection of their workers
Hut the Red ("ross, as an Interested on
??.??kir, was pleased to n?ite that Its meth?
ods. It? te-hbooks, Its tlrst aid e?iuipmei_
were being most successfully exploited.
This first aid Instruction is only one aide,
of the Red Cross activity, of course. Is
real work is in furnishing first sld a
?-?stance In an ?in? rgoi' >'. and that !.
yielded to the larger humanity which tea
iz?-8 the neeeesity of standing by with p?
manent eaalatan? > after the Ural ?hock
over, the first ratp-outing <?f ?ympatl
exha'isted Itself, and tlie problem of eoi
tinning to llv? fa??-s th? suivi-, ??rs. '?'ait
such disaster? as th?- Cherry mine ?at.?
trophe and the Triangle Waist fin lory tin
The one oeal nearly three hundred live?
the other well ov?-r a hundred; men'? lie?
In the one ?ase, ??)rls in the other, but 1
??ai h case the lives of the family brea
Cherry, a little mine!? minint-c tomm
where English was scarcely spoken, we
prostrated. It sent forth a wall of poiygto
j-rief, which the whole country heard an?
pilled. In one little stn-et of thirty cot
lages only four men were left alive. Thoa
that were killed ware pouag men, f??r th?
in-?.-.t part fathers of young children, Aft?!
the first shock of tin- eatMtrophe was ovei
the question of ?earing fur tin- widow? an?
the fatherless became the really vital on?
Foreigners nuist of them were ?jii v?-? s? ??
alike In our ways und in our language, ab?
solutely without business understanding
Yet bo far a? poealble the families muai
bo kept together. This ?frange n?-w- country,
by Its contributory negligence, its faillir?
to force employers to safeguard thi-lr em?
ployes, bad robbed them of their meane of
support. It could not shift the responsl?
l.lllty, it must see that they were taken
care of until they were able to take car?
of themselves. Lump sums to the widows
would merely place them at the mercy of
sharpers. Thpy must be protected and
ear?*il for, and the only way to do It Beemed
to be to evolve a pension plan to lit the
cas?*. It was the Red C"TOM that solved the
prohlern; or, perhaps, It wouhl be more
Just to say It wus lirnest Ulcknell, na?
tional director of the Red Cross, who tn
the years when lie wad h? ?id <?f tho Asso?
ciated Charities In Chicago ha<l had expe
rience with huti .?I'll problems A alldln
- of | ras d? ? Ised to m< 11 i
lee SdS Of the H i'loVVX and H??' I ?? ?
Under foiirt?-n until th?- children shoiil'
reach a orase earning age. Thai wg
the fir.-t time ih. |;..i Cross had g'?ne Inti
ti,?- pension bustnesa
similar condlti?___i confronted tbem at thi
lim?- of ih<- telrltds Washington PI*
at win? h nil New *i? t k lilo.in. I. Condition)
ihm w?i. on tin- surface entirely unllk
were m the Snal snalysta ?ery similar. Th
?.?ni.- who |os! Ihelr lives in tbal fir? wen
f<iun?i te. be tin- chief, frequently the ??nly
dependence ??f belpleas forei?gners foreign
era in many cases who hud n?it yet come i?
America, The community thai bad allowed
such conditions aa had robbed them ??( theli
Mipport and ii|.s-?-t nil their pim- and hopoi
owed h.? m something Again the ?!ted i !ro_ ?
I- eJtslon plan < ame ItttO play.
That was one ?if th? tort ? issa where the
Red ('re,*.* im? taken a band in a big ?iiv
Usuallj tin- catastrophes which ?all for
their aervices an- those which overwhebn
small teiwns nnei rural districts, it Is there
thai sodden overwhelming disaster mosi
fre'iuentiy i?arHiy/.cs a community and de?
mands rein f far beyond ih?- capacity >?f
local resource a in tbs Ihm ssven yesdrs,
sin?e the ?necessary reorganisation ?>f 1108
(fmm which ih<- American Red Cross
emerged a ouasl-oAcial corporation required
to aubmil a report t?> Congress each yeei
and to have its accounts audited by the
War Iiepartment i. It has gone i,? the res?'ii"
in Hixiut fifty greal calamities, most ??f them
in America, but -??mi?- In Europe and some
As part of the great International ?irganl
zatlon the American ?Red Cross ha* more
than ones board ?from over sea. the cry
"Corns over ami help us!" Its pr?uii|?t .?u?l
gsnerous response a! tbs time of th?' M*s
sina ?-m?thquake during ihe last ?lays <>f
IM Ih a matter of national pride and in?
I rrotn Asia the demand for aid Is aim?*??
chronic?srd the emergency Is not m
rule ?m?- resulting from sudden, unforeeeo
imity, Industrial or natural. PI??"?
famine, pestllentre! Theee are the ?pectr?
that ?talk through CMna, Japan, India
?ad tl"- Red Croe? r.-llef work In the re
'iirini.'. devastating lamines ?ml plagitei
"f the far East, althoiiKh less ?pSCtSCUlSI
than that demanded by the greel ?arth
quakes, is none the i.->s ?dmlrable, Yeai
after >.-.ir ?"hi?a has been devastated r>*
Rood? whi'h deetroyed the crops, end the?
In natural sequence by famin?-. Year aftei
year He Ite?l ?Y?.?.s has helped the afflict*?:
dlatiicta, ha? dons sanitary an?l relief worl?
i;n?i?-r most dls?-f>uraglru- ? '?ndltlons, ha?
distributed toed ami supplies by carload
lots. Then, with the horse sense which
proclaim? an ounce of prevention worth a
pound <?f ?lire, it sent over an American
cnidncer, C, lb Jameson, of New York, to
study the river? and the drainage problem
t!i?*r>', and t" devise a plan for carrying oft
th<- surplus'water of the sprln? floods, and
k??? p the river? within hounds while the
harvests are ripening.
With floods a thing of the past, the fam
Iti'-s will he a forgotten chapter in the an?
nual ciiisese programme, and it will be
much easier to deal with the pestilence?
thai frequently, though not always, result
from them Even when, a? in the great
pneumonic plague that swept Manchuria
I year aft??, these epid?mico are n??t directly
the result of flood and famine, at least
I well nourished community has far
great?i power of resistance, it may have
been an Irishman who said "a full stom
a? h puts a wunnerful heart in a man.''
None the less It la true speech.
Recently Miss Helen Taft Joined one if
the Red Cross first aid classes to fit herself
better tor leadership In the National Camp?
fire, the lister organization to that of the
? For several years the K.-d cross has bad
a Pullman car equipped us a travelling first
Iaid school, lt.- daises have been so largel
attended and M much In demand that
has recently acquired a second first ant ?a
These ?ars, while designed primarily t
carry tlrst aid instruction to ?-very part ?.
| the country, are so arranged that they ?a
I he readily ??inverted int?i hospital cat
shi-uld occasion arise. They v\??rk over a
entire railway system, p? netratlng all sort
?>f little branche? an?) ?purs, stopping ion?*
est at the small towns ami trtllagee, an?
naturally dwelling most on the part?cula
sort of (hral eld that Is m<ist likely to hi
needed In that particular locality. For th?
! treatment ?if the casualties resulting, say
I from f?ireat f?tes lti n luml er dlstri?-t is tin
lik.-ly to he the same as the treatment oi
OUUaltleS In a <"lstri?-t devastated l>y flo'id
Anil the sort of llrst aid likely to he mosl
useful in u mining country will probabl.v
, differ fr??m either of these. All up and
down the lines there are the trainmen, who
' are eager pupils, and to whom the instruc?
tion is likely at any moment t?i he of vital
importan??*. Most of the railways give
their ?mploye? a Certain amount of first
aid Instruction, but that ?loes not always
p?n?tr?t?* the more remote dlsricts, and it
Is in these loi-alltles which ar? often the
| scene of the terrible railway wrecks.
Uncle Sam's conception of the functions
l of the Ped Cross" In time of war will be
fully explained hy Brigadier General
George 11. Torney and Rear Admiral
| charlee II Stok?-s. surgeons general, re?
spectively, of the army ami navy, each
? man speaking of the relation of the or
IgaUlsatlon to his own l>ran?-h of the ser
I The war relief board has two departments
I ?that of nursing and that ?>f first aid. The
' latter is under the direction of Major
' ?liarles Lynch, United ????Hates medical
corpa, and ?t is h?J who organised the spie.t?
?lld first aid educational campaign already
' For several years a campaign has be oil
on for the raising of a IMIMII endowment
Stories in a Lighter Vein That Were Told
Over the After Dinner Coffee
A PARABLE. ,
Frederick W. Taylor, the advocate of
Hcientllic management aaid the other day in
??Two men stood watching a steam shovel
at work. With a clatter and a roar the
?hove! bit into a steep bank, closed on a
carload of earth and dumped It on to a
waiting freight train.
?? -a drives me wild.' aaid the first on?
looker to see that monster taking the
bread out of good men'a moutha. Look at
it v\'hv if? filling up those flat cars faster
than a hundred men with plcka and shovel?
'''?H^.h? other onlooker shook hi. head
^^rblitmlsler.tfat would he better
to emDloy a hundred men with picks and
i.y.? on thl. Job. wouldn't It be better
. . v menu way of thinking, to employ
???, bs y?? m?* fork9 aiMl ,uhU._
u thoUHHnd men wat*
HE'D HAVE TO PAY.
. . wiptcher said the other day in
??S-J-5-i *?-? -?
?-iS??S "sa-- s;
. \._ noor old boom. Blank, you know.
an'1 i Stt Kansa. test week. Well, a
war, to ?now before he Mt off.
,,".S;V<"r?w-rf.rt"'??4' *? ??-??"I?.
and answered In a nervou?, absentmlnded
?? ?vYotl, I <*"n't know. My bank account
has sunk terribly low of late.* "
rpton Maclalr. at a vctj-tartan banquet
In Wilmington, said of a certain charity
"It's got a big income, a sumptuous suite
of offices and a very highly paid staff, but
what It act-ally ?Ives to the POO* Is In?
'?This charity i?*mln?ls me of a trust thst
employs 70,000 bands
*' 'We've worked out a gram! benefit sys?
tem for our veteran employes now.' the
trust pr.-sldent sai?l MM day gleefully.
" 'Yes"" said the listener.
?"Yes* the president resumed. I'v.ry
man that's be,*n with m over thirty years
is to gel hereafter I i**el medal, over
forty years a bTOWM medal. 9Mtd ?v.-r tlf.y
year? a soil?! silver medal, together with an
embossed c.-r.ltl? at- suitable fW framing.
A LAUDABLE RESOLVE.
A New York tailor etBS praislm* Andrew
Carnegie's extremely well cut clothes.
"The moving pl?tora! ?t Mr. Carnegie at
Prench Lick Springs." he said, "show how
excellent his clothes are It takes, let me
tel you very excellent clothes Indeed to
withstand the ordeal of a set of moving
| "1 on?"* ventured to tell Mr. Carnegie that
he displayed remarkably good tatste In
dress. He beam d the compliment pleated
him?an?l he mid:
" 'From youth up I was determined never
to h.-le.n? to that ctSOS of M-lf-niade men
who look as If they had made their clothes
Kay g, Maker, tin- author, in an argument
on Immigration ?it Lawrence, cited th?- mar
relions snood wherewith th?- Immigrant
family, bf it German or ITrench or what not,
i? omos ssslnillalsd into the hattonal life.
*An ??nstanos of this assimilation oceurs
:?> m?-," h<> said. "I know a worthy Ne?
apolitan, one l'tinll i'end, who came to this
country thros yeaurs hk<i. epaoH's little son.
Francesco, an American <iti7.?n <?f seven,
looked up from his school books, the other
evening to ask:
"Sav, pa, Whal year was It you Italian*
discovered us in?' "
ON PUBLIC SPEAKERS.
a.Id ivnnett. th- Bngllsb novelist,
< ?nal? mu? ?I at a ??nnef" m New York the
ay? rags pnbtle speech
"But unconsciously.'* saiel Mi Bennett,
"the former chairman of a village caucus
condemned the public speech much more
effectively- than I could ever do when he
I rasa In ?. somewhat disorderly meeting and
I " 'Listen, gentlemen, listen. 1 am not
going to make a speech. I've g?t some?
thing to say ' "
THE WEAK BOOM.
Medill llcConnleh was tulklni** In Wash
IngtOll aboul one of many ?*.*ebie boom?.
"Thai boom is as feeble," he said -'as
feeble ?? *?*?''??? ? ""? '"??*' WuetraM its
feebleness by means of ? story.
?a drummer was welting at Kola Chucky
fOl the ?Southern < *anii??ri? all Limited The
train crawled In al last, sine hours late a
ramshackle, clattering thin?,-, a.? rldlculoua
M .,,, old fBahhmsd hlghwheeled bicyele
??The drummer not aboard. There seemed
,? |.niy one other paaseager. The loco?
motive booted, ?the beU ekUMMd, the whe.-i?
gtfun aroand, and ?team htoeed, but the
train foiled to move. Th.-ii there were
mora boot?, "?"??? snssYa ??nd hisses, ami still
th? train didn't hmAem, Finally, after a
third vain ?fort, the em-in?--- K??t down sad
Bhouted t?? the passengers, whose bead?
?otUCk anxi??usly out of their r. sp.-ctive Win?
? I? ws:
? ?o>y in have to ask yo*i two gente to
Lunboii till I ?et her started""
A PARADOXICAL DISPLAY.
Mis Mary ("arden, at a dinner at Sher
! _'.' m mgm York. "?aid of a beautiful girl
'? ?ho was wearing one of the ultra-decollete
1 dinner gown- of the HU spring season:
! u hen you s? a pretty girl in sue. a
i low cut g own a? that you have a remark
able paradox before you-the paradox of a
person who displays simultaneously very
had taste and very good form "
THE BIRTHDAY PRESENT.
"Pig Tim - Sullivan was being congratu?
lated hv _ N?w York reporter en the-up. : h
charity of his annual ChriStmOS dinner to
seven thougnnd ?Bowery men.
? Well." fald Mr, Sullivan, modestly. 1
eMfssa lt'S at ^ast a Charit? that pleases
Its recipients Its not like the young
woman's hlrthday present to her beau.
?\ young aroman, having landed a young
,?;,? ?t lagt, IbOUghl Hhe*d ?Ive him a
Mrtli'lay present So .?he went Into a cigar
store ?and said:
?? Clve me five cents worth of jour v tv
i,. -t , igare, planas
BORN STRONG. BUT
Luther H- Uullck, hea?l of the depart
ntnt ot child hygiene <?r lbs Russen s.ik?
?foundation, was talking to a New York
,, porter about the nosd ft* Retting at Ihe
, MM young-for giving it, from Its birth.
lh.. benefit of hygiene.
?Children." he said, "may be made op
marred In their first year. They are then
,o frail and delicate."
He smlle-1 and added
?A gccd resolution, you know, is the only
thing in the world that is stronger at birth
than at any other moment of Its ex_at_u_.ee.''
fund for the Red ("rogs About half of
this ?um has leen collected. From each
distil? t has been aaked a lum In proportion
to ?i*? population. New York's allotment,
he it said, has long sin?"? been raised. The
needs of some such fund Is evident when
one considers that the organization receive?
no appropriation from Congress, and can
<*arry on its work only through the gener?
osity of the American people. That It ha?
and deserves popular support Is obvious,
since its expenditures for the last seven
years, since It has been returning a de?
tailed account thereof, have averaged close
upon ll.OOO.ouo a year, which th? public ha?
ungrudgingly furnished. But an endow?
ment fund which would insure its support,
even before a disaster had made a popular
"hit," Is certainly a consummation de-rout
ly to be hoped.
DISASTERS OF SEVEN YEARS.
The following are aome of the Red Cross
expenditures for relief in the last seven
Philippin? tvphoon. ISOfi. 11.150 00
.Upan?..,? famine, 190?. ?"et* ?S*. H7
V?.??jvl-in eruption. 190?. "??MO 0
?"aliforma earthquake. 180?. 2,?*!"?".2?"* gj
Valparaiso earthquake. 100?. 12.?"".."? S?
< hi?ese famine. IDO?. 201.12942
Gulf storm, 1907. *WT ST
Klnjstoti earthquake, 1907. r,.9O0 2"">
Kusslai- famine. 1W?)7. O.OOOO
Calabrian earthquake, 1907. X5.? ?V>
Mnnonsah mint ?llaaater. 1907. ?7*211
Mississippi cyclone, 190?. 2.7*7 .1?
loath china flood. 190?. 2.000 00
South Carolina and Georgia floods,
10O?. ?42 0*.
Ml hiss?- fore?t fir???. IttOS. 30000
Canadian forest fire?. 190?. 1.0?X>00
1'aliin earthquake, 100?. 9M.TS0 ?30
Armenian outrase?, 1900. 30.000 ro
Cherry mine disaster, 1900._,., 101,60000
Mi-xl? an flood, 1900. 1.707 ?W
Han Mine disaster. 1900._.... 402 Z2
Ke-. West hurrl:ana. 19<? . 1,140 30
Porttlguaes earthquake. 1909.... 1.300 t?
niuefleld?, Nlrara?us. 1900. B.02**? (*0
Paris floods. 1910. 4? ?no 0O
Servlsn flood. 191?). 800 00
Costa Itli-an earthquak??, 1910. 9.0S0 00
Miilsa-Palo? ?Ala 1 mine disasters,
1010 . 11.000 00
Northwsstarn forest Ores, 1910. l.?V?0 0O
Minnesota forts? ?"Ires. 191?) . ?0.0*2 ?to
Tokio 1 Japan) floods. 1910. ?.OOOOO
Chines? famine, 1911. 74.077 M
Miscellaneous . *2 00
Cholera epidemic. Tripoli. 1911. 1.0??i 00
Pnejinonl?* piasus. ?"hlna. 1911. |.?**oo no
Maxican border trouble, 1911. I ??*.?> 00
"?Vashlnst?'*- riae? Ai-a, New Tork.
1911 . 10l.??9 1?
Colon ? Panama) flr?. B.?oi on
Mount Taal ?rupllon. Philippin??.... I?.OOO 00
Albanian refuse?? In Moptenearro ... 1.000 00
Tanroast mine, frranton, Penn. 1,021 09
Ml??hl?an forest flr.-s. ?BOOuo
?anadian f?rest flies. 3.W>0'?0
South Carolina storm. ..,. ?V**<i no
?'?netantlnopie Are. ISOO ??)
\tneri?-?n refugees In Honduras. 100 on
Austin iPenn.i floixl. IftOt OS
Hallnorm. Alabama . 2ft no
Chines?, r?volution . 1.300 1*0
Canton o'hlna) flood?. 2.0*0 00
?*hlne??> famine. 20.0?'?"? 00
WHAT THE "RED CROSS" MEANS,
on a June morning In the year of our
Irfitd IKfb, over a field of terrible carnage,
looted the Red ?"Toas of Savoy?and
Switzerland. (Kor the re-d cross In the
ernat Ot Switzerland and of Italy Is in
hoth cases derived from Ihe arms ?>f
the Duke?! of Savoy, whose capital- was
foimerlv ?Jen.va and whose descendants
no-v occupy the throne of united Italy )
Under It en the previous day Solferino, one
of the world'*? ("Teat battles had been
foagM on?* Of history's greet vlctorle? won
?at a price (though the phrase had not
then be.-n Invented) to stagger humanity.
Recaus?' the pri.e did stagger the human?
ity of .lean Henri llunant. cttlxen of Geneva,
physician ami philanthropist, under that
same red cr?)ss Is enrolled to-day not a
French army nor an Italian army, not Ger?
man or English. Russian or Turkish, but a
great International humanitarian army, in
?which men of many lands march shoulder
to shoulder "for the prevention and alle\U
i tlon <>t human suffering In Umee of pea?*e
l und war."
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