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TheTAeroplane, Slayer of Scores Upon Scores, Is Called to the Bar
DniTi9H Naval AiaXHio Mayfly" AFTE.O.U/Att.Df V/RECKED
Ai COI NT8 of aeronautlc fatalltleaj
have been unuaaaUy auraeroua
? frequt nl during the Laal few
Weekfl in this country and abroad. N'ws
have atated varlo u oplnlons con
the value oi the dlrlglble alr
utlllty of tho aeroplane.
? Journals have attempted to ex
jdain how each aeddent occurred.
The publlc, no doubt, has its own
to whether the aeroplane is
i . . :? ni.ia- toy and the airshlp a
irlce, dealgned bj Oermana for
-t part. and d*atroy*d by gusts
of wlnd, uaually refei ed to m th* dla
?? ong, "i v.hether th ?
fl art. af*.. r all, deatined to
make changea li oui clvtltxetlon more
wonderful than anytbing bltberto brought !
Ti.. i atlon as a j
?port broad. Owlng to the gen- I
erai lack of Intereel In tha cltlea of the|
ftfj Idh Wt it*d ai > ontrola of j
l latlon Clrcult of ttlt, re* j
aultlng in ti - r fallurc to aaaure Rnanclal j
- ffli i- nl to provld* prlzes large j
aviators- and the j
prlaea need ?? ?? rery large to at-I
trad avtatOJ. this season?the board Of |
Of th? Aero Club of Amerlca
has just decided to call off the rac<\
rhlnaawi- aarly tn the gaovemeat, guar*
ante*d its portton of tbe money aealred.
! ron alao reepond*
ed well, in it waa Impoaalble to get the
up to the proper financlal
Xb< le* to the aeronautlc
? men e bo i apn ? thelr
experl n l Ir vari
' acttvlty in this !?
Itfa one aa
acta, but nelthi
A CHALLENGE TO DEATH.
One of tho moet harrowlng aoetdenta in
the -? rrj of avlatlon raaulted ln
the deatl Harrlet Quimby ?t
Booton ?' ahor1 tlme ago. Bbe waa one
of th. ? Pifu an mlnutea
befo-. frrtol on her lasl
ked Llncoln Beachey, the
Ourtlaa daredevU, to uuit taking the
foottah ch which he Is notorloua
ld to Beachej
"I w.mt you to pioimse me that you
v ill not perfi more of those
dangeious atUBta iri your machine. I
pra knoa thal T am safe bocaua* I
never take ehancea.''
"I know you i n rlghl bul when r get
up in the air T OBBl help dolng 'stunts.' "
. ba 'V fall 1.000 feet. a
few seconds after her passenger. Mr.
WlUard, was also teoeed out of his seat
to hi.s death
"I suppose," said Beachey to A. Leo
fctevena, Mlaa Qulmhys manager, "lt wlll
get us all."
Mr. gggTaaa ha>- made more balloon
aacenalona than any aeronaut iti Amerlca.
I.ast sun:i- .Ti.iged Atwood in the
Bt l^oijub-.New York aeroplane trlp. Man
aged htao, that la, as well as an oldtimer
could manage a capable and headstrong
< lap who refus'l te ha superintended.
> Tl. ti Mr Btevena bought some a*re
planea and with Beatty, tha w right avi
ator. conductod a BObOOl on Ixing Islarnl
for those who wished to become UceiiaeU
Hc has neen up in all klnds of weather,
ln ail kinds ad air orait and has come
dowa la trat s, peeata, mountalns. back
>ard.' ind one*, la an aeroplane, dropped
iipon a wagoa loaded wlth lumber, must
|g th. BJ af 1-K?tli the driver of the
. of the erratic llying machine.'
Hia aplne is twlsted. both wrists ha\e?,
been broken, one of them ln three places; |
hi* legs at various timcs have been ln
drydock f"t- weeka, and In a Iteapatal m
Cleveland he was pronounced dead thret
His opinion to-day as to the future <>f
the aeronautical game should he valu
able. And there is one thlng about Btev
He knowa how to Impreaa his polnt
of view. Tbe diftlculty is to reproduce
hia conwaatloa wlthout losing seven
elgbtha ?>t' its vlgor.
"All flyers to-day nie numbered." he
?aid In reaponae to an Inojulry as to the
future of the aeroplane. j
"Th.' Aero Club of FYanee has banted a
atatement to the effect that no one haa
made SC6 fllghts. No one, in other words,
can live a year who flles every day.
The trouble la tbere are a lot of young
fellowa trying to By who dent know the
rjrat thlnk about lt. Al Bw-ton Purmaa
T. Flah, new at the game wanted to ahlne
at the me-' Bo on the opanlng day hc
Aew ta > feet over the beada or ihe pubUe.
-The managemenl of Rylng eahlMtlona
wlll have to take theae men out two or
three thouaand feet Into a Beld and let
klll thaaaaaiTaa away from the
grandatanda. You or I can't take a tati
noa out ln the street and tlre tt off.
"In flve years, I bet you, the aeroplane
will be conilacated by the government. ex
.-. ;.t for mUltary purpoeea. a man has
ao per cent agalnfet him when he gets Into
a flylng machlne.
"How many real flyers are left? And
? la nothlng la it for those who are
AtWood got U.aOfl for an exi.i
? ln Canton, Ohlo, laaa than b year
Laat Fourth of July he got |IM
and had to pay half of it for transp..rta
tlon. Vou might aay that all he had
out of it was b good time.
"Beatty and I taught flylng thls
ig We gave fifteen mlnutes of ?oiid
flylng for |2G that was a leaaon. Three
afjO tbe Wrights would get $r.,0o0
foi tbe siime thlng.
?' lMie avlatora at Boston were bor
rowlng -?"? centa from <-ach other.
"Thla game may sorne day pick up.
? wlll ba with a taetotally dlttaranl
macblne, ur.derstand I would love to
atlck some of my money ln an acro
fii. tory l don't thlnk'
"ln war ihe aeroplane will he a won
derful th'.i.g for dropping bomba, car*
rylag maaaagaa and such thlnga But
ab a sport? absolutely BOtl
BALLOONING A TRUE SPORT.
"If lt hadn't been for the businesB
th.it they had no use for -that ls, the
show buslnesa?the Wrights couldn't
have pnid for their lawsuits," sald Mr.
Btevena, in reply to a query as to
whether they had not proved the tinan
elal posslbitlties of the heavler-than-alr
"Wcalthy men besieged the Wrights
for aeroplatieB," contlnued Mr. Btevena.
"Kedinan Cross, the banker. offered them
SJfi.iio'j for one. If the Wrlghte had
sold manhlnaa when there waa a real de
maiid for them they could have dis
posed of twlce as many at double the
"But wha,t was the use of selling aero?
plane* for 15,0oo when they could go out
and give a performance and get more
than $5,000 for it, and atlll have the
"Wlll the Wrights sell ten maehlnes
thls year. outside of those purchased
from them by the government? I don't
"I don't thlnk that what ls happenlng
will Injure the game. so far aa the gov
ernment ls concerned. But so far as
ON THE AlR-CMlP OF
CoMMERCE. AND WatX. ?
FMDar>r-*n> \//ll_l_lAM VIEWING COUNT ZtPPtl_lt*? DtMQlOLE
^aviatlon belng a gentleman's sport?the
day ls past.
"Harkness didn't know enough to un
load blfl flock of acroplanes; Harmon
unloaded The polnt is. both of them
qult. 1 don't know a single wealthy
sportsman, except Colfier. who ls in the
game. And t'ollier. you know, is presi?
dent of the Aero Club."
Mr. Btavena said It was worthy of re
flecticn that aeroplane designers had
never -satlsfled any one in the case of a
slngle accident as to exactly how lt oc
"Hreamers and sclenttsts write for the
papers about the effect of altitude on the
| heart and about air sickness and vari
| oub thlngs," said Mr. Stevens. "but let
[ me tell you slx thousund feet up ls the
! best klnd of atmosphere. The aver
i age halloonlst stays at stx thousand
feet for hours at a tlmc They don't
j say anythlng against lt. They ought to
know somethlng about it.
"Wo've had live thousand halloon as
eanalona in thls country since balloonlng
Bral Btarted ln a? a gentleman's sport.
and we have never lost a man "
"Hut you can't go where you want,"
euggested the reporter.
"That'n Just what makes balloonlng a
aport." qulckly replled Mr. Stevens. "lf
you could know that at a certain spot
you COUld rutch exactly thlrteen flsh ln
flfteen minutee, or that when you went
huntlng llonn you would get two wlthout
fall ln Just one h?>ur and a quarter, lt
wouldn't he a sp..rt. would lt?
"I would llke to balloon every day.
Tou'vn got your compaaa, your maps,
your tharmoa bottle luncheons You
haven't got a ehuggtng englna a foot
i behlnd your splnul column, like you have
ln an aeroplane.
A PICTURESQUE TALKER.
"You yell at tha aviator You are up
three thousand feet and you thlnk >ou
have notlced how aomething has gone
wrong. The avlator yells at you. Nel
ther hears the other. When y..u get
down what does the avlator say to you?
He says: 'What did you say to me up
there?" Good I.ord! After he's got you
killed and torn up?
"If any one would brlng me the flnest
aeroplane made and tell me I could
have it for |I410 provtded I would
oporata it myself. I wouldn't take lt.
l've ..-.-I. too many good ones go."
.Mr. Stevens has perfected a silk para
chutc arrar.gement to be worn hy asia
tora He tbinka that eomething of the
klnd wlll ba adopted by the army avla
tora, among nthers, as provlding the
only chance for safety when the control
of the michlne is lost.
"I own an aeroplane," sald the aero
naut, as the reporter was leaving Mr.
Stevens's apartment. "Would you care
to take a rlde? You may be lucky, you
know, and you are welcome any time."
The American Avlators' Assoch'.tlon
was formed in Chlcago, follow ing the
deatha of Mlss Quimby, Vanlman and a
doaan others ln less than two weeks. to
take measures to make flylng safer.
t'olonel Hirschauer. chlef of the Avi
atloa Dapaitmaait of the Ftancb army,
sald recently to the Chamber of Heputles
that dangerous as mllitary avlation must
he ln tha nature of the service UBN ap
plications for the detall had been flled.
Young offlcers entreated wlth team In
thelr eyea to be employed, he sald, al?
though there had been nine fatalitles ln
the corps In the flrst six months of 1912.
Every aeroplane was examiu.-.i bj 8
commlsslon of experts before lt was
turned over to the army, and no aero?
plane wus taken out of a fched for trial*
untll the pllot and a mechanlclan had
tested each component part of it. If aa
lmperfection or weaknesa waa r.oted re*
palrs were made at once.
Every army aeroplane. he added, ls now
fitted with a contrlvance that lnstantly
shows when the rate of apecd exceeds or|
falls below the point of safety. The War
Minlstry has offered a prlze of 180,000
for an In.ention that wlll rcduce th<!
danger of loss of control to a mtr.imum.
As it is supposed that accidents torae
times occur because the avlator and not
the ma< hlne ls at fault, each offlcer and
man employed la obliged to undergo fre*
quent tests of hia heart. lungs and alght.
Colonel Hirschauer said that he preferred;
young men for the servlce, because thej
record showed that lt waa generally thi
older men who had accidents Many ofj
his new puplls, he *ald. were under twentyi
years of age.
LOVE OF DANGER MAKES SKILL.
Waldemar Kaempffert, of this city. ree
ognlzed as quallfted to speak wlth author
tty of the aeroplane, said a few daya ago:
"At preaent all safety la merely rela
tlve. The aeroplane, as we aee lt now. la
a really practlcal vehlcle only wher. con
troltad by a man who Is exceptlonally
skilful. and who, for aome queer reason.
enjoy/i grave peraonal rlska? the type of
man who loves to oraek a whlp ia ?
tiger's cage or swing himself from trapea*
to trapeze ln a circus.
?Although aviatora are no longer ex
cluslvely recrulted from the ranks of lion
tarners. circus acrobats, tlghtrope walk
ers. trlck bicycle riders and automobile
nuers, th* l>eat type of pilot still r<-malna
,n wlth an lrrepreaaible love of
athletle excltement and adventure.
"That BytBg '* aatill dangerous except
i-i v.ry calm weather. that ma^hlnes can
be handied only by exceptlonal men. U
shown by the numerous faUlltiea that
have heen chtonicled of latl among
Kuropean army men. The Krench gov*
crtiment. at any rate, cherlahe* no lllu
slons on the subjeet.
"Balanclng a machine la not easy. It
ls so ditflcult. indeed. that men who have
llown for hours at a tlme climb out ef
their aeats exhauated and almost fall
aalcep on the spot.
?Not so many mortha ago aviatcrs met
gbaatly deaths because they were net
qulek enough ln twlstlng or worklng
atlerons to meet the countlees litt'.e guata
and puffs. of which even * lephyr ia coo-;
"Obviously. aome automatlc devlce ?
wanted that wjll relieve the pUot of th*
nerve-racklng duty of guldlng the aere*
plane and keeplng lt on an even kaat
Much thought haa been given to that
prcblem of late. but not wlth cotispttu*
ous succeaa. A machine muat be humorefl,
according to experienced pilota.
??When the devle* comea," coritiaoea.
Mr. KaempfTert. "and come tt wlll. de
spite tho protests of avlators who art
willlng to risk thelr necka ln the effort
to win 110.000 prlzes, automatlc or seml
automatic apparatus will prove a power",
ful ald ln those perlloua moments whanj
every effort muat be bent to reitor*
laptaln W. I. Chambera, of the mltei
States navy. was asked concerning thi
navai point of vlew of avlatlon. ani what,
In hla oplnlon. had been aceomplished.
"There are ofTicers in the navy to-day."'
replied Captaln Chambers, "who look
upon navai avlatlon as farcical. becaui*
they do not yet know that an instru
ment can be provlded by which an aero?
plane may be navlgated out of sight fro?
a thlp it sea, wlth a reasonable aurety
? ? M.-in.i-.i od ae*/en4h a*ge
na9T m*n to crtorr