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THl-RSDAY, OCTOBER 10. bVA
Owned and publlahefl daily by the ???*
Aeaoclation. a New Tork c?*'P*r*l,101"- pfcrt
JJ. Rald. Prealdent; ConM Hamlln Becra
tary; Jamea M. Barrett. Treaaurer. AOoraaa.
Trlbuna Bulldlng. No. 154 Naaaau atreat. *-ew
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Paid. outalde of Greater New Yora. 70
Daily and .Sunday. one month. 400
Daily and Sunday, elx months. 8 -^
Ti.lly and SurnJay. one year.80
Daily only, one month.jl'^
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Daily aoly, one year. \ 2i
Sunday oaly. alx montha.250
bunday only, one year..
Porelgn aubacriDtlons to all MMMbttMl*n?
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DAILY AND BCNDAT:
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Second Claaa Mall Matter.
Our readers wlll eonfer a faror hv advts
tng ue when they are unahle to procure a
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? Addreaa: Trlbune, Clrculation Department.
WHERE DOE8 HE STAND?
Any sidolight on ("Jovernor Wilson'*)
tariff views is welcome. and therefor**
,*The EveniiiK Post," an ardent support
er of tbe Democratlc caudldate. puts
the public ln ite debt when it gives tha
weight of Ita authority to the theory
thnt Mr. Wilson is leaet hlmself when
IM talks tariff in tht manner of Champ
Clark and most bimself when he talks
lt in the manner of "Jim" Pmltb. Re
l>lying to crlticisiuts of tbe Governor in
-his tarlff-sniashing. Chamber of Hor
rors Teln "The Post" said yesterday:
We might even remlnd the exclted
philanthropists of "Th- Press" and
The Tribune that the Democratlc plar
Jorm. after dcnounclng. like the two
fether platforms. the present protectlve
tariff. added that "we recognlze that
"our system of tarlff taxatlon is lntl
"mately connected with the business
"of the country," and that the legisla
tlon enacted to OOfTBCt existin*- Injus
tlces should l-e "leplslatlon that arlll
"not Injuro or destroy legltimato ln
"dufltry"?a declaratlon supplemented
hv Governor Wilson's remark. In hls
apeech of a< ceptance. that ln tariff re
visl.m "we should act wlth cautlon and
"prudence, like men who know what
"they are about and not like men in
?love wlth a theory."
That attitude of caution and nppnr
tunism in tarlff revision exactly flts
the views c-xpressed by ex-Senat<?r
gmlth in the statement which he made
on enterinjr the HtW Jersey primary as
a candldate for his old place in tiie
Penate. l.overnor Wilson may have
?ympathized inwardly with Mr. Smith's
policy ot moderntlon. htif the exlxeneies
0f his personal fight apa'ir**t the Smlth
mnchine oompelled him outwardly to
denounce the ex-Senator as a disguisel
protectJonist and recreant to the trus
Democratlc faith. In Buffalo, at one
or more polnts in thia city and in Hart?
ford be hlew as cold ns Mr. flniith did
on the idea that Democrata would deal
barshly with the protective system, to
which American production is now ad
Justed. But at tbe Chamber of Hor
rors here and at many polnts out West
he has laid down the principle tbat
protection is a drag on the country and
a positive injury even to the mannfaet
nrer and the labor in protected indus
trles. But if the manufacturer and the
workman in the protected fleld would
be better off without protection. what
excuse is there for. inaintaining pro?
tective duties? Why not get rid of a
aystem which can benefit nobody?
It is all very puzaling, and if "The
Evening E'ost" is able to put an author
itatlve stamp on thoae Wilsonian proc
eases of rensoning which really count
end segrejrate them from Ihe processew
which do not count it will take hifh
rank ns _a apreader of licht in dark
places. The Democratlc nomlnee has
kept the rest of tbe world gueeslng.
Orer in London the free trade and
protectionlat newopapera have been en
jraged ln a dlapute as to Mr. Wlrson's
tarlff attitude. each side clalmlng hlm
as an ally nnd each produclng ample
Ouotations frora his speeches to aub
gtantlate its clalm. "The Post's" ar
t-tratnent migbt help to aettlo a con
-_*over*?y both here and abroad were it
not for tbe faet that Mr. Wilson will
t>* on the st;imp three weeks longer and
t|>e pooeibillty that in tbat tlme hemay
pledge bimself. if elected, both to let
tbe preaent tariff rates stand abaolutely
?jRaltered and to aweep them one and
all overboard in order to usher ln an
?ra of complete free trade.
?"THIHKIlfG'* ABOUT SAFETY.
Mr. MeChord. Interstate Comrnerce
Commiasioner. expressed the public
feeling when he nsked tbe vlee-presl
rlent of the New York, New Haven &
Hartford Railroad wben his road was
going tn do something besides eonfer
to prevent aeeidents. After the slmi
lar accident last year the Conneetlcut
commission recommended that trains
*be brought to a full stop before short
crossovera v re opened to tbem. It
was admitted tbat had tbis auggestion
been adopted the Westport accident
-tvonld not have occurred, though some
(otber accident "might" have resulted
ftom tbe train's continuing ou the
track on which it had been running
before it reached the croasover. The
"boat tbought" of tbe offlcials of the
road was being given to thls aubject
Of preventing accidents at crossovera.
Tbe road bag done nothing wlth au
tomatic devlcea for stopplng trains
whleb run by aignala. Other railroads
are experimentlng with tbese dericeo.
The refusal to teat tbem on the ground
-that they are alleged not to be perfect
iia abetird. Ia there anything perfect
Iln the operation of railroads?
Ia the system on whleb the New Ha?
ven road pina its falth for preventing
repetltlons of these two slaughters,
notnely. instllling a "profounder re
apeet for ordera," likely to be perfect?
Nothing has been brougbt out at the in
ijuiry fo abow tbat any effectlve steps
are belng taken to enforce the orders
which are necessary for the safety of
paaaeogera. An improred speed fndi
cator 1? in use on one rond, whlch
enables offlcials to know at what speetl
' englnea bave beeu driven. It ls not
used on the Ne***r Haven road. Appar
ently It ls ono of those things whlch,
Mr. MeChord eomplainetl. were only
being thought about.
If one-hnlf of thf attention were
given to safety that ls given to nd
hering to schedules such aceidents as
ihose whlch luive ueewfti on thp New
Haren Rallroad would be less fre
quent. The regular engineer of tlie
wrecked traln. wlio wns off dtttj when
the accident oocurred, testlfled that
he bnd recelved a letter from the mas
ter meohank* of the line rogarding the
loss of one minute's time on Septem
ber 21 on the run from Stamford to
TAMMANY AND THE STATE.
Mr. Hedges cannot repeat too often
hia pledge to hold the head of tlie New
York Police Department responsiblft i
for condltlona of law enforeement lf
be is elected Governor. With open
assassinntlou of wltnesses for the state
by the police-protected crlminals going
on ln this city. Murpbya conventiou
did a rash and lmpudent thing in noni
lnatlng a Tammany man for (iovernor.
The upstate voter has had hls flrst ex?
perience of Tammanyism wlth Murphy
domluating the I.eglslature. the ("Jot
ernor anrl the varlous state depart
ments. and with the machine dlverting
the highway funds from tiie fanuing
communitles to serve various __.TO._d
Intereats. Iu addltlon to these Tam?
many acandals In the state adminis?
tration came the shocklng revelatlo'.i
that the old Tammany system of police
protected viee and crime liad bM OA*
veloped so far that an attempt wns
made to protect open ammmwmttmOB in
i the clty's streets. And ln tiie face 4>f
all thls the Tammanyized Deinncrntlc
party. intoxieated by the pros|>oct of a
divided oppositlon. put np a Tammany
man for (-Jovernor.
It ls useless to say that Mr. Sulzer is
not responsible for Um police evils in
tiils town. Ile is a part of the system
that has fastened the protectJ4?n of
crlminals upon tbe city. The camblers
and their hired gnncs of gunnnMi enjoy
the favor of leading niemliers of the or
garilzation which Mr. Sulzer has served
from his youth up. He upholds the
Tuminany system and expects. if ri-Ct
ed Governor, to work with the Tam?
many boss ln support of the Tamiii.iiiy
synteru. whlch rests upon graft and the
sale of the privllcge to violate the law
to the vlclous and crlmlnal for money
and for jx>litical servh es.
Mr. Hedges ought to get l tremendous
respouse to his anti-Tauiniany cam?
paign upstate. where the voters hnve
greater reasons t>> hat** and fear Tam?
many this year than ever before. With
the Republican party united a Tbmo*
many candidate for (iovernor would re
celve a memornble beating thls yt*ar. A
man bearlug tiie Tammany stump, as
Mr. Sulzer dots. ought to l>e wisler to
defeat than even Governor Dix nlin
self would have been. And If tiie state
above The Broax ls properly roused to
the danger of havlng n Rtraight-out
T-ammany man for (iovernor lt should
be posalble to defeat Murphy's ticket
in splte of the fact that tlie opposltion
Ih divided. Mr. Straus will cut deepiy
lnto the Democratic vote ln this dty,
esjwlally ln the Tammany strongholds
on tiie East Slde, and the Deim-cratle
vote above The Bronx ought, with a
Tammany candidate, to be the smallest
NOT SHOULDER TO SHOULDER.
At the artistlcally staged meeting in
Lincoln, Neb., between (Jovernor Wil?
son and Mr. Bryan, full of fraternn!
hand clasps and Davld and Jonathau
etnotlonallsm. the present Democratic
Presidential nominee professed a keen
desire to 11ft hi-? leadership to tlie
level of the leadership of the Demo?
cratic nominee of 1800. liOO and lJK'S.
Whlle he was seeking the nominnthni
Governor Wilson dcflned his attltude
toward Bryanlsm by saying tliat tlie
Nebraskan had long been "tho one fixed
point" ln the Democracy. At Lincoln
be relnforced hls confession of obliga
tlon and loyalty by saying:
Mr. Bryan. wlth the tart whlch
ought to characterlae a great leader,
did not attempt to dlctate what tha
choice of the conventlon should be,
but he did attempt, and he splendidly
succaeded. ln preventlng the control of
that conventlon by thoae Interfcsta
whlch are inlmlcal to the people. If
I, as a result of the freedom of that
conventlon, waa the eholce of the con
vpntion, my responalbllity is all the
greater to llve up to the standard
to whlch Mr. Bryan brought that body
of repreaentatlve Democrats. I am
proud to stand shoulder to ahoulder
Governor Wilson stands proudly
"shoulder to shoulder" wlth Mr. Bryan
whlle soliciting votes out West. But he
falied to stand "shoulder to shoulder"
wlth him wben the opportunity came
to extinguish Murphylsm in this state,
just as Mr. Bryan had extln-zuished lt
ln the Baltlmore conventlon. The
Nebraska leader In "The Commoner"
deraanded the oustlng of Murpby from
control here nnd the nomlnation of a
state tlcket free from tbe taint of
Tammany assoclatlons. But the dlscl
ple would not follow the preceptor
into a fleld where duty conflhted with
intereat. He weakly acqulesced ln the
continued domlnation of the Murpby
macblne nnd the seleetlon of a state
tieket thoroughly subservlent to the
Murphylsm might have been killed
in thls state if Governor Wilson had
reallzed before he got to Lincoln the
neee-ssity of standing "shoulder to
shoulder" wlth Mr. Bryan.
BALKANS AND THE HAGUE.
The Turkish government must be
confesaed to have made a tpolnt at tbe
expense of Montenegro. and inferentlal
ly of tbe other Balkan States and even
of the great powers. ln Its complalnt
that the preclpltate begtnnlng of war
has vlolated the stipulation of the con?
ventlon of The Hague. The flnal act
of the Second Internatlonal Peace Con
ference at Tbe Hague. which was
slgned on (ktober IK 1907, expr-essly
provldes as follows:
In case of ?erious dlaagreement or
confllct, before an appeal to arms, the
contractlng powers agree to have re
courae, aa far as circumsUnces 9How,
to the good offlces of one or more
friendly powers. . . The contract?
lng powera agre* that hoMilltles be?
tween them shall not begin wlthout a
prevloun unaqulvocal notlce, whlch
shall either be ln tha form of a declara
tion of war with reasons therefor or
of an ultimatum wlth a condltlonai
declaratlon of war.
The world is not aware that Monte?
negro hns made any serlous effort tn
ohtaln the good offlces of any frlendly
power f?r the eomposing of her dlffer
ences with Turkey. It does not under
Ktand either that. she gave Turkey ad?
vance notlce of her intention to begin
war. with nn adequate statement nf her
reaRons for so dolng. In brlef. Monte?
negro appears to have acted just as na
tlons were nccustonied ti> act in fhe old
davs before the conferenoes at The
Hngue, and all her neighbor* arid the
jiowers of Europe seem to regard that
step without indignatlon, if not asquite
the proper thlng. Yet among the sig
natories of the conventlon which we
have quoted tmta) Montenegro, Servia.
Greece. Bulgaria. Rumania, Austria
Hungary, Russia. France. Great Brit
ain, Itniy. Germany and Turkey. It is
not exactiy ngreeable to have Christlan
powers taken to task by a Mahometan
power for slnckness in observlng their
DEMOCRATIC HARD TIMES.
The followlng request bas been re?
ceived from n Long Island suhscriber:
I wish you would klndly publlah ln
vour paper. whlch I read every day reg
iilnrlv tho cause of the hnrd times we
bad d-rillg Grover flevelnnd's second
icrm ns President. and which was the
responsible party for the free trade
Issues. One of my friends Baya the
Senate and Houae were reeponstble,
whlch woro Republican.
DemocratJc authorlties have always
tried to p"t the blnnie for tbc hard
times whlch set in jnst after Mr. Cleve?
land wns iiuiugurated President for the
second tlma on the agitation for tbe
frcc colnage of silver. That agitation
had been gathering force since the pas
suge of the Bland-All'snn silver coin
aga bill. which required fhe government
to coin f&OOOLQOO in silver every month.
The Mrcnztti of the free silver advo
cates in Ooagrggg was greatest almut
the middle Of President Harrison's
term. Then I reaction began to set ln
against tbe tttB colnnge deluslon?
though lt revived and culmiuati*d ln
Ifjat}?and the renomlnatlon of Presi?
dent Harrison by the Republlcans and
of Mr. Cleveland by 0M Democrata ln
181)2 proved that nelther party was
wllllng at that tlme to go auy further
ln niaking concessiona to the silver In
The lnst two years of the Harrison
adniinistratlon were on the whole years
of prosperity. but affer Mr. Cleveland's
electlon in Novemlier, 1S?_. business
conlidence <b*clin<*d rnpidly. and when
the new adininlstratlon liegan the coun?
try was on the verge of h panic. That
that panic was uot caused by fear of
the silver heresy is Indli-ted bf the
faet that Congress nt tiie extra sesaion
of MM rejH-Hled the Sherrnnn silver
pureh :;**?* Id and stopped the colnnge
of silver. Mut depres*doii bttt-M even
more ncute. after the ghost of flat
silver money had been lald, and It con?
tinued through the next four yeara. If
silver had been to blamo the trouble
BbO-ld bave been overcome by the
promp* itopptfg of silver purchases.
Mr. Cleveland and a Congress Deiuo
crallc iu l-otli branches came lnb>
power on I pledge to destroy pr-Hec
tlon. and lt was the threat of such de
struction. partly carried out ln the Wil
snn-f'orn.nii act of 1894, whlch really
kept the country nervous and appre
henslve, halted buslness and industry
and led to the general opening of soup
houses. Democratlc reoklessness ln up
settlng the basls on whlch American
production rested was the chief factor
in tho hard times of 1N9.V97, whlch
lasted until the antl-protectlonlst Wil
Bon-Gnrnian tarlff act had been re
placeil by the protective Dingley act a
few months nfier President MtKlnleys
If the country ts wllllng to put ln
the Whlte House n natural fr?e trader
like Governor Wilson and to give hlm
th** support of a Deniocrntb- House of
Represontatlves and I Democratlc Sen?
ate it may have to face hard times
again in 1913. Hlstory repeats Itself
lu CJClgg. and depreaslon and non-em?
ployment under Wilson would D** likely
to follow from exactiy Uie same causes
whlch brouaht abont the panic of the
second Cleveland administration.
WATER ANO OUPS ON TRAINS.
Travellers on New Jersey railroada
will bo grateful for tbe decree of the
Supreme Court of that state upholdlng
the deciaion of the Public Utillties
Commission to the effect thnt wherev**r
tanks or fountains of drinking water
are provlded there must also be pro
vided free drinking cups. Thls la the
out.come, and we may hojie that lt will
prove to be the endlng, of tiie coiit.ro
versy whlch has raged ever since the
law of 1911 forbade tbe use of com?
mon cups at drinking places and re?
quired the provlsion of sepnrate indi
vldual cups. The railroads at once re?
fused to supply lndlvidual cups unless
they were paid for. Some declinod to
provlde any, even for puy, so that no?
body could get a drink on a train
unless he had a cup of hls own. Others
equipped thelr cars with slot macbinea
from whicb paper cups could be ob
talued for a cent aplece. Inder these
circumatances there was little drinking
ln the cars, so that preaently supplles
of water were omltted altogether, to the
dlatrc-s of many passengers, espechilly
in hot weather and on dusty rouds.
The court reasouably holds that if
water be supplied in tanks or fountains,
but no cups. the "adequate and proper
service" prescribed by law Is not glven.
Apparently a railroad would have the
right at present to refuse to supply
water nt all, but it is doubtful lf any
would Otfl to Incur the odium whlch
such a policy woold certalnly provoke.
Ou suburban trains havlng short runa
no water ls supplied. lt is true, any
more than on trolley cars. But on
trains making long runs there is a de?
mand for water whlch is certalnly rea
souable, and which ia likely to ahow
itstrif so strong tbat if lt is not volun*
tarlly granted lt wlll be euforced by leg
Islatlon. Tbe roads must supply water,
nnd they must provlde eui*. Accord
iug to the deefslon clted. however, it
may not be necessary to provlde a sep
arate cup for each pnssenger who
wlshes to drink. A common cup will
do if it is kept in a sanltary conditlon.
How thls can be done ia a problem forj
wblcb a polutiou can doubtlesa be
found. To say that an ln expensive,
slniple and effectlve method of sterlll
zatlon could not l>e devised would be to
impeaeh tbe lnventlve faculty.
Tbe interestlng feature of the case to
travellers ls that now, nfter two astSw
mers of lnconvenlence and actnal suf
ferlng, some arrangement for their re?
llef Is to be made whlch should have
been made at the outset, and mlght
have been made If Governor Wllson's
Z4?*al for "reforms whlle you walt" had
not caused the enaetnient of ill-consid
ered. undlge-sted and Incomplete legls
lntlon. We are not sure that ever be?
fore in tbe same space of time were so
many laws found to be ln need of re
vlslon or made the aubject of legal dis?
pute becmiae of tbelr vague or other
wise unfutflsfactory form. To the gen?
eral pubMc, however, the Incident ls en
couraglng ln Its deinonstration of the
nmenabtllty of rallroads and other pub?
lic corporations to the progrersslve re
qulremernts of sanltary sclence and the
needs of-the public welfare.
The Gianta now know how to tle
them. Next tlme they will win.
The question whether a trust is dl"
solved or not le almoat as hard to an?
swer as that poser, "What la beer"?
J. Franklln Bakers do not grow on
every world's champlonshlp bush.
Asked yeaterday what he thought
about Mr. Sulxer'a candldacy, "Boaa"
Murphy remarked: "The people noml?
nated hlm." Thls will be news to the
people. but they ought to be grateful to
Murphy for "puttlng them wise" to a
hltherto unsuspected fact
There were 15.000 caaes on the cal
endars of the Supreme Court and the
Clty Court ln thls county when tho
fall and wlnter terms began on Mon?
day. A concrete reason for applaUding
the start Just made by Justice Ooff
toward overcomlng the law's delays.
The hlatorlcal pageantry at Philadel?
phia thls week deaervea more attention
than it ls attractlng outalde of that
clty and Its auburbs, lf for no other
reason than that lt aJTords a flne ob
Jcct lesson to the whole oountry ln the
celebratlon of anntversarles ln a ra
tlonal and humane manner. wlthout
the savagery of flreworks and the over
exploltatlon of giimee*. Nobody need
be hurt and averybody may be pleased.
What more could be desired?
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
Vlslons of a famlne of rnaated chest
nuts, reanuta and aprlea, aa well aa a
total dtt-appearance of th* alx by ten foot
candy and aoda atanda that are numerous
ln cerlfiln diatricta of the clty. that per?
hapa flaahed acmsa the mlnda of many
cltlaena when the Greeka ln New Tork
manlfeated an almoat uncontrollable de
alre to ruah back home to bear arms
agalnat the Turka. a*em to have heen
uncalled for. Whlle na many aa .0.000
Oreeka wll! leave thla rlty lf hoetilmea
are declared between tha Ottoman Km
plre and the Balkan 8tate*. lt la aald.
th? buaineaa of the nien who are beartn*
arma will be well taken care of. A com?
mlttee has been ai'Dolnted hy a Oreek
soclety In New York to whlch owners
may Intruat their r-tands whlle abroad
Exeept for a allfht commlaalon to pay*
the wagee of a tender. tha money real*
l*ed from aalea will be twrned over tp
the man's famlly. If when the war h
over be la lucky enouah to have te*
caped the Turklah bulleta. he will flnd
hls buaineaa awaltlng hlm upon hla oe
turn to New York.
?Now a aclentlat aaya that musical-vt
bratlon* will extlnimlsh flre."
"Boleno* |a a marvellnue thtn-r A*-_ja,it
WO know why Nero iiddled whlle I*>me
Welcome the thunderlntj shlps from tha
PmlllnK wllh huntlna and frowning wlth
rrMe of a natlon undannted an-l free,
Manned by th. flower of Ita patriot aone.
Welcome the peace-maklng ahlpti from
*rt!--e, gallant blllows, to speed Ithem to
Hall tham wlth bannera from mountain
Greet them wlth rannon fronv rnmpart
DAVTD BANKS flJ*CK*5I-fl.
DetecUve?Did the caahler ir? anythlng
to dtvert auaplclon whlle hla auhtractlng
operatlona were goln* on?"
The Prealdent-Yea; tho hypreerite per
euaded the dlrectora that the hank needed
an addlng machine? Judge.
What Is the ahape of amo*e? Thla la
not one of the numbered foollsh quea?
tlona, but a aubject dealt wlth nerlously
In the flrat bulletln laaued try the amoke
lnveatlaratlruf eommUslon In PIttaburgh.
The commlsalon experts say that lt la
neceaaary not only to know the chemlatry
of smoke, and how lt aote hnrmfully upon
metal work, maeonry and buildlng ma?
terlals generally. aa well aa vegetatlon,
but la Important to know alao tha ahape
and alxe of amoko partlctea. how the
dlfferent klnds vary. whethor they are
electrlcally charged and how they ff>rm
nuclel for the condensation of fog and
"How can you believe for a moment
that your charmlng nleca lovea you
merely for your money?''
"I have po'ttlve proof of the fact."
"Well. ahe haa atiRgeated that I take
up avlatlon."?Houaton Poat.
THAT STAY-AT-HOME VOTE.
H. W. Wilbur Thfnks Figures Offer
Little Hopa for Colonel Roosevelt.
To the Editor of The Trlbune.
61r: The reference to the etay-at-home
vote In The Trlbune of September 30* as
un element of Interest and cautlon la
warranted by all of tha past facts, as a
atudy of thls vote will clearly demon
xtrate. The populatlon of the states by
vottng age as determlned by the ceasus
of 1910 la not jet avallable, ao that for
the purposes of comparLaon tha number
of votera In 1900 muat be conaldared. The
margln ln any eaaa would be atlll more
atrlklng lf the flgures for 1910 wera con?
In hut ona of the Southern atataa (North
Carolina) did half of the voting popula?
tlon go to the polls tn the Prealdenttal
electlon of 1901. Whlle the Northern
atataa did not make ao bad a showing on
the surface, It ls poaalbla that they would
If a nomlnation meant an electlon, aa lt
does ln Plxla.
Speaklng of the South, where Colonel
Rooaevelt axpects to mako a break lnto
tba aolld vote. lt may bt Interestlng to
note upon what a alender thread of preca
dent such an expectutlon hanga. In the
following atates, Alabama, Arfcaneaa.
Gcorgla, Loulsiana, Mlsalsaippl, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Texaa and Vlr?
ginia, Roosevelt recalved fewer votea ln
1904 than were eaat for McKinley In 1900.
What Is still more striklng la the fact/
that ln each of these statea PresldentJ
Taft recelved more votea in 1908 tha-a
Roosevelt did four years before. All thj
ln splte of the added fact that Rooaevelt
ran agalnst the unpopular Parker, ?aShc
polled a million fewer votes than ****re
east for Bryan ln 1900 and 1908.
I preeent the following comprehemsive
study of the stay-at home vote ln a J-jWk
of Northern atates. The number (could
eaally be increased.
Vottn* Votea hom<*
populatlon eaat votea
Statea. ln 10044. ln 190S. ln 1008.
y#w York. 2.1S4.94W
N'ew Jeraey. _.?.*),?0R
Pennaylvanla... 1,817.2 P, 9
The stay-at-home vote ln the states
of Naw York. Pennaylvanla and Illlnols
was severaJ thouaand rnort than Mr.
Taft's plurality over Bryan m the whole
country, whlle the vote t_u_g shlrked in
Penrwylvania waa 80,000 ln excesa of the
majorlty whlch Mr. Taft recelved over all
of hls corapetltors. Guesslng on the vote
in 1912. wlthout taklng into account the
stay-at-home vote, ls a guess ln the dark.
Getting the normal Tarft vote lnto the
baliot box, and securlng the full Repub?
lican share of tho shirklng vote, will go a
long way toward spelllng success for
President Taft thls year.
HENRY W. WILBUR.
Philadelphia Oct. 6, 1912.
THE TE-UHTNAL PROJEOT
Jefferson M. Levy Protests Against
Oity Going Into It.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Slr: I hope you will call attention to
the meeting to be beld by the Board of
Estlmate to-morrow, Thursday. October
10. at 10:30 a. ra., at whlch the proposed
purehaae of the Bush Termlnal will come
up, ao that the board will reallze how
general the oppoaition la to thls project
and to their policy of expendlture gener?
ally. As everybody knows, times have
not been prtirsperous for the last four or
flve years. Nevertheless, burden upon
burden has "been placed upon the unfortu
nato taxpayers of thls clty. We are so
near the d**l*t Itrnlt that every tlme we
want to m*ake an expendlture we have to
adt up thr account so as to see whether
we have any balance left No thought la
given to the contlngencles of the future.
Thls clty ought not to ko into the terml?
nal business. It ought not to go Into the
warehonse business. It ought not to go
lnto the railroad buaineaa. It certalnly
ought not to buy out a termlnal buaineaa
and thrn lease the property back to the
sellers. If the property ls so valuable,
why don't they keep lt and reap the
proflta? If lt ls a good Investment, why
do thry want the clty to buy lf These
are ptertlnent queatlona. If the board feels
that thla termlnal ls Indlapensable to the
clty at a tlme when the clty ls sadly ln
nee<J of neceasary Improvements, then let
me. ln all serlouaneas. auggest that they
flntah the agony for the taxpayers and
buy the Grand Central Depot. the Penn
sylvanla Termlnal. the Hlppodrom*. some
of the dfpartment stores and a few hlgh
I.et me remlnd them of somethlng else
?eomethlng they ought to know very
well. These grlevo-s burdens are not
borne by taxpayers alone. They fall on
<*?/ery rentpayer ln the clty, and lf they
do not know how general the complalnt
la. they have only themselves to blame.
The tlme ls not far dlstant whan they and
future city offlciala will feel lt. lf New
York Clty real eatate ls to remaln the
premier ?ec;rity of tlie world, there muat
be a halt to theae wlld schemea. Very
truly youra, JEFFERSON M. LEVY.
New York, Oct 9. 1912.
TO SAVE OHILDREN'S LIVES
Railing on Riverside Park Retaining
To the Edltor of The Trlbune.
Slr: In view of the pecullar death of
Anna Mc?'abe. the little glrl who fell
from the retaining wall ln Riverside
Park last Sunday. one cannot refrain
from Hpeaklng a word of protest. Trlrlal
M the lruMer.t may seem tn the dally
life of our great clty. lt nevertheless
potntS to a certaln neglect of the protec?
tion of a few plac-ea where the young of
the clty gather to make the beat of an
outdoor rocreatlon apot.
On Sundaya hundreds of children awarm
on the graaay alopes of Riverside Park
to indulge in play. At the spot where thla
llttle glrl was killed there is a retaining
wall on the eaat alde of the New York
Central tracka. Aa tha children play wlth
carefree abandon they forget tbe treach
eroua place, or go aa near Ita brlnk aa
chlldlah love of advanture prompts them.
So amall a thing M a ralllng 'or fence
erected at this polnt would aerve aa a
warnlng and protection to many llttl**
Uvea. FR1TZ E. OSTERKAMP.
Now York. Oct. 7, 19a
NO HELP NEEDED
Rule of the People Without T. B_'s
Aid Before and After November 5.
To the Edltor of The Trlbune.
Slr. On Monday laat the Naw York
organ of the Bull Moose party gave a
characterlatlc picture of their candidate
for President of theae L'nlted Statea He
was represented aa belng a mad and
feroclous prUeflghter In tha rlng. No
boss about hlm! Ha wanta to let the
people rule, and I thlnk they wlU rule
after November 5, aa they do now. and
wlthout hla help.
Would not Wllllam Howard Taft and
the thouaanda of hla frtenda ba disgusted
to aee him plctured ln The New-York
Trlbune as a lawlesa prtzeflghtar?
Brooklyn. Oct. ?, 1912. J. A. R.
WANTS LIST OF NAME8.
To the Edltor of The Trlbune.
Slr: I note that the "Arlatocracy of the
Undaratandlna" ia to be aaaembtod at the
openlng performance of "The New Sin."
I trust you wlU not overlook the oppor
Umlty to complle a 11st of Ita membera.
To whom would you asslgn that task?
Tha soclety edltor, the llterary editor, or,
maybe, the sporttng edltor? At any rate,
get the names, and we shall have some
thing to hurl back In deflance at the
Freneh Academy or Burke a Pearage.
New York. Oot. ?. 1912.
STRONG FOR THE COLONEL.
To ihe Edltor of the Tribune.
Blr: T aee a good deal in the newspapers
about the Southern negroea belng angry
at Rooaevelt. and I waa much pleased to
read in a frlend's letter from Kentucky
that the negroes there were "atlcklng to
Teddy." The colored people generally
atand hy their frlenda, and they are qulto
capahle of knowlng Who their true friends
are. Roosevelt haa often heen crltlclaed
for belng partlal to the colored race.
Dolgevllle. N. Y., Oot. 8, l.J.
People and Soeial Incidents
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Ml*-e Flournov Adams Hopkins wlll be
-narrled' to-day to Gllbert BUott, only son
of Slr Arthur and Lady Ellott, of Seot
land, in 8t. Andrew's Church on tbe
Dtmee, Southampton, Long Island.
The ceremony wlll be followed by a re?
ceptlon at the houae of the brlde's atep
father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. W. W1I
loughby Sharp. Mlaa Beatrix Buel wlll be
the maid of honor and Thomaa O. Cook
will act aa best man.
Dorothy and EJiza Sharp will aerve as
flowl* glrls and Wllllam Sharp ae page.
Stewart Manihall, of London; Hugh Nel?
son Paga, Thomas Newton. John L. Hop?
kins, Jr.; Lieutenant Hugo Osterhaus, Jr.,
U. 8. N., and Davld Cowles wlll be the
MiB8 Sablna StmtherB, daughter of Mr.
and Mra. Robert Struthere, will be mar?
rled to-day ln Grace Church to Dr. Fen
wlck Beekman. of thls city.
Mr. and Mrs. W. Scott Cameron have
arrtved ln the clty from Southampton,
Long Island, and are at the Hotel Gotham.
Mr. and Mra. W. Beala Kendall have
returned to town for the winter, and^are
at thelr house ln Gramercy Park.
Mr. and Mrs. Kenelm Wlnslow, of Tux
edo Park. have arrived ln the city and are
at the Hotel Gotham.
Mrs. William'Jay Schleffelin wlll give
a receptlon on Dc-ccmber 6 at her house,
No. 5 Eaat 66th Htrcct, to lntroduce her
daughter, Miss Margaret SchleCfelin.
aMr. and Mra. Wllllam E. S. Grlswold
are at Greenwich, Conn., for the fall.
Mrs. Reglnald de Koven has gone to
Hot Sprlngs, Va., to apend the remainder
of the month.
Mr. and Mrs. Geraldyn Redmond have
arrtved ln thfl clty and are at the St
Regls for a few days.
Mlss Cornella T. Geer. daughter of the
Rev. W. .Montague Geer, vicar of SL
Paul'a Chapel, ls to be one of the eea
Crawford Burton, who ls to marry Misa
Harriet Bullock, ln Oyster Bay, on Oc?
tober 15, wlll give hls farewell bachelor
dlnner to-morrow nlght at Sherry'*".
Mrs. T. J. Oakley Rhlnelander has gone
to Southampton, Iaong Island, where she
wlll be the guest for a few days of Mrs.
Goodhue Llvlngstou. ?
Mr. and Mrs. Stuyvesant Fish have re?
turned from Hot Sprlnga Va-, and wlll
apend the remainder of the fall at thelr
country place at Garrlflon, N. Y.
Mr. and Mra. J. Henry Dick will paas
the winter ln Arlzona.
Mrs. Reglnald C. Vanderbllt has re-)
turned to the clty from Newport and la
at the Hotel Vanderbllt.
[By Tel-ffraph to The Trlbun*. |
Newport, Oct. 9.?Captain Homer B.
Grant and Ueutenanta Lloyd P. Horsfall
and Frederkk A. Mountford have been ?e
lected from the ofllcerB at Fort Adams to
have charge of a dance to be glven at tho
post on October 16 In honor of the offlcers
of the German cr_Lser Vlctorla Lulse.
Captain Wlll B. Caperton, U. fi. N., and
other ofneere of tbe Narraganaett Bay
naval station are arranglng for a dance
to be glven at the, Navu! War College a
little later In the month. The exact date
haa not been aet.
Mrs. French Vanderbllt ls in New York
for a few dayo. Phe ls to spend the
winter abroad wlth her mother, Mrs. F. O
French, and her hoii. William H. Vander?
bllt. They will sail In a short tlme.
J. P. Morgati's flshlng club at Graves
Polnt wlll close next Tuesday.
Mtb. Arthur Curtiss James gave a
luncheon at Heacon Hlll Baaaa to-day.
ALASKA EXPLORERS BACK
Natives Oall Horses "Bi; Dog*s"
on Arctic Ooast.
Skagwav. Alaska, Oct. 0.?Thomaa
RlKgs, chief of the I'nlted States boun
dary survey party which completed thls
year the marklni? of the P.ne dlvtdlng
Ala-ka and t'anod.i, haa left here wlth
hla party for Seattle
"We left Seattle on Aprll 29 with twen
ty-Blx men and thlrty-flve horaee," aald
Rlgga. "At Coffee Creek on the Yukon
Rlver we plcked up forty-two more horaee
whlch had wlntered at the head of the
Whlte Rlver, and on May 26 we landed at
Rampart Hotise, on the Porcuptn* Rlver.
elxty-flve miles north of the Arctic Clr
cle. J. D. Cralg. chief of the Canadlan
party. wlth a slmllar outflt. had Jolned ua
at Whlte Horse, Y. T. By using Old Crow
Rlver aa a base, suppllea were carried
by water wlthln twenty-flve miles of the
Arctic Oceun." Mr. Rlgga continued:
The flrat party. of whlch Mr. Cralg and
I were ln chsrge, reached the Arctic
Ocean about the middle of July, and the,
flnal monument was placed wlth tho cere?
mony of breaklnK out flags of the two
countrles. MacPope, of Baltimore. a big
game hunter. took a movlng picture of
the scene. Afterward all of us took a
plunge in the Arctic, but wo did not re*
matn ln long. The Arctic <*i>a*-t ls entlrelv
barran. Twelve miles back of the foot
hllla the mountaina n~e to an elevatlon of
from 5.000 to 7.0U0 feet. but there i, it
pass hI.x nilles east of the llne. The only
fuel north of tho sutnmlt of the Arctic
range Is found ln a few acattered clumps
of wlllow, aalde from drlftwood on the
beach from the Mackenile Rlver. There
ls graiB ln plenty for horsea along the
atreama and ln patehea on the tundra. I
belle\-*e our horaes we-e the llrat to travel
to the Arctic const. The Indians and
Esqulmaus called them "big dogs."
"Beglnnlng wlth the monument nn the
Arctic coaat as the lnltlal ono." sald
RlggB. "the monumenta were numbered
and lnapected from the Arctic to the
Yukon. 115 belng ln thls atreteh. Next
year the monumenta wlll he numberei
and lnapected from tho Yukon to the
Mount St. EllaB Alpa. and the aurvey of
the 141st meridlan wlll have been com?
e .i ?
4,800 STUDENTS AT CORNELL
College Yaar Opens with Buildings
Corting $1,000,000 Under Way.
IBy -?legraph to The Trlbune.]
Ithaca, N. Y., Oct. 9.-The number ef
students attending Cornell University thia
year wlll total about 4,6oO, accordlng to
statlatlcs based on the reglatratkin after
the unlveralty haa been open one week
and accounting for the nlimber of att
dt-nts who made late reglstratlonB. The
winter covrRea In agrlculture and the
summer achool wlll bring about l.&Co more
studenta to tho university.
The year has opened wlth buildings
costlng approxlmately fl.OOu.oOO well on
thelr way to completlon. The new build?
ings tnclude Prudence Rlsley Hall, the
glrls' dormltory whlch waa preaeuted by
Mrs. Russell Sage; four new bulldin-;.
beltiR erected for atate collegea and a
new Inflrmary,. -.
Dean Thomaa P. Crane ia aetlng as
prealdent ln the abaence of tho prealdent,
Dr. Jacob Oould Schurman.
Mrs. John J. Mason was also a luncheon
Mlss C. Ogden Jones was a dinner en
tertafner at Midcliff this evenlng ln honor
of her guests, Mr. and Mrs. Louls D. Mc
Mrs. Wllllam W. Tompklns will close
her season to-morrow and return to New
SHhh Brodgcn. who has been a guest
of Mrs. Ellwha Dyer, will return to BaV
timore to-mt iw,
Mrs. Frederlck Bronaon, of New Tork.
Ir a gueat of Mrs. Vanderbilt at The
Mrs. John H. Wlllard gave a tea at her
home this afternoon in honor of the offl?
cers of the Victoria Lulse.
Mrs. Thomas J. Emery will cloae her
Mlddietown estate at the end of the
Mrs. Edward I. Bcrwlnd closed her sea?
son to-day and left for New York. She
wlU aa.l for Europe on Saturday.
Mrs. John Nlcholas Brown and Mra
Harold Brown will not go abroad this
wlnter, but will remaln at their Newport
Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Quentln Jones will
go to their winter home at Miami. Fla.
on October 25.
Mr and *-'r&-. Cornelius Vanderbilt
closed Beaull.*-*' this evenlng, and left for
Now York on the steam yacht North Star.
They will go to Staatsburg at the end of
the week to be guests of Mr. and Mrs.
Ogden Mllls, as will Mr. and Mrs. R.
Mrs. John R Abney is ill at her sum?
mer home here.
Mrs. Vanderbilt entertained a party at
luncheon at The Breakers to-day.
IN THE BERK8HIRES.
[By Telegraph to Tha Trlb__e.]
Lenox, Oct 3.?Mr. and Mrs. Otraud
Foster gave an entertainment at Belle
fontalne to-nlght for Mra. Foater's alater.
Mrs. Rlchard Gambrlll. There war*
thlrty guests at the dinn-j-r. The tablea
were decorated with mauve orchlda and
other rare flowera were used tn the r_ce_>
Mrs. Morria K. Jesup entertained at
dinner at Belvolr Terrace to-mlght.
Mrs. J. Frederlck Schenck gava a dienar
last nlght in honor ot Colonel Bceaxcer
Cosby, of Washington.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Macy Wfllatte hava
rlof-ed their cottage ln New Martboco and
returned to New York.
Mr. and Mra. Harry Ogden Baftea, Jr.,
have returned to Dalton from Moiylatown.
Mrs. John W. Grlggs, who haa been at
the Maplewood, Plttsfleld, ha? gone to
Mlss Margaret Wlnslow Is III at tho
country home of her parenfa. Mr. and
Mrs. Francls Dana Wlnalow. near Wash?
Mrs. Monroo Smith and Mlss Oertrune
Pmlth, of New York, are guests of Mr.
and Mrn. George F. Crane In Washington.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles M. Pratt and Mr.
and Mra Phillp B. Jeantngs have gone to
M!f>B Romola Dahlgren has gone to
Frank Grahara Thompson, who haa Just
returned from Europe, arrlved In Stock
bridge to-day on a special traln. Mr.
Thompson haa leased a vllla for the wln?
Mrs. Thomas Rlchardson, of Waahlng?
ton. Is a guest of Mr. and Mra. Rlchard
The Mlsaea Jane F. and Emlly Ia Tuck
erman closed their country vllla ln Pltts?
fleld to-day and returned to New York.
Lindsay Falrfax haa gone to New York.
He will vlslt in Vlrginia b_fore salllng
Mrs. Henry O. Tallmadge, ef New York,
gave a brldge party at the Curtla Hotel
The Mlsaea Ellzabeth Benham and Ele'.e
Crenson, of Savannah, are vlsltlrg Misa
Mrs. Wilfred J. Worcesrtar has returned
to New York after a vlatt to Mra. H-nry
BEQUESTS FOR CHARITY
Hospitals Beneflt by Will of
Mrs. M. De Forest Clark.
Ihe Orthopcdlc Dlspenaary and Hospital
and the New York Soclety for the Rellef
of the Rupturcd and Crlppled recefve $7,
WO each under the will of Mrs. Marlan
De Forest Clark. whlch waa flled ln tha
Surrogate's ofllce yeaterday*. Mra. CJark.
who dled ln Burllngton. VT_, waa tha wlfa
of Louls Crawford <_!___, * bankar. Tbe
New York home of tha famlly la at mrn
SX Waat 47th atreet
The two public bequeats ara to Mtah
llah a free bad ln each lnstltutlon te ba
known aa the "Jullan Bo-uton dark Bad.-**
The will of the teatatrlx alao glvta HO..
000 to St. Paul's Parlsh, BurUngtota, V_.
whlch waa left for the church lo tbe -eilt
of Mrs. Clark'a father. Each aervant le
the C" _-k household for two yeara prloa
to tbi death ot Mn. Clark racelvea $?V
and 11.000 la left to Mary Murrtn, la
recognitlon of "her faithful aervlcea la
my nofh.'hold." Marlan Da Foreat Can
non, a niece and godchlld of the teata*
trtx. racelvea a "slight token of affeetlon**
ln the form of $1,000, and a bequeat of
$10,000 ls left for Mra. Grace Cannon Grt**--.
wold, wldow of Cheatex Grlawold and %
slster of Mrs. Clark, wlth instructlona t#
buy somethtng as a reraembranoe.
Mr. Clark, huaband of the teatatrtx. la
to dlapose of certaln pleoes of her per?
sonal property. Including jewelry. picta
ures nrd other works of art, ln accord'
ance wlth the wlshea of Mrs. Clark. Str.
flark Is the beneflclary of the Vermont
property and her New York property.
valued at about $1-6.000. The residue ?f
the eatate ls divided among three sons,
I_ou1b Crawford Clark, Jr., Orenvtlle
Clark and Henry Cannon Clark. thaf
are to have the life income on "flOO.WO
each. which go-ea to thclr heln cn their
death. The rest of the estate ls to la
thelrs outrlght in equsl parta. Twa
friends of Mrs. Clark recelve life anhu
ttles of $SU0. and another recelvea ao
annuity of SHO.
NEW YORK TROM THE SUBURBS,
Bread and butter. 10 caota. Arvt -rerythlng
elae out of proportlon. Such la tha na** rule
ln th? faahlonable eattng plaoca in N?w YorK.
Mayor Gaynor'e Idaa ls that women ln >?*??
York do not wear hatpin* long enough to ea*
?langer any man who doaa not brlng hla taot
i ito cloaer proxlmlty wlth that of the wearer
of the hat than la warranted t>y proprlety. I"***
fortunately, all women do not wear their hat
plna at the a?yne angle. The artU-le i? aom?
tlmea moat dangerous to tha pemcn staodlnf
directly behlnd lt ln a atreetcar.?Rocheitar
Dcmoc-rat and Chronlcle.
Leading Naw York hotela and r*stauran?
now charge tor bread _u_ butter. N'e-t t_l"?
they will bt charging for the holta ln tna
doughnuu.- Columbia State.
New York hotala which catac to tha fa?n**
tonaWe "trade" will now make a dlrect cnarfS
far bread and butter betidaa eharglng for *
Indlrectly In tha meal ? Philadelphia lwjuir-**
lt r.<-uiree aome lndu?try on tha P*rt of bla**
raphora to kaap the public groperly re.tilnd-ii
that "Suapender Jack" ia the name of a ?*?.
politlcal leader and not ef a Naw Torh BU*".