Newspaper Page Text
HE MADE OIL GIET
Declares the Trust Contributed
$100,000 to the Roosevelt
Campaign, and It Was
IDENTIFIES MANY LETTERS
No Apologies to Make, He Says,
for Published Oorrespondence,
and Presents New Letters
to Show Colonel Was
Friendly in 1904.
[from The Trlbune Bureau )
Waahlngton, Oct 10.?John D. Arch?
bold, of the Standard Oil Company,
who appeared before the Senate cam
palgn investigating committee a second
time to-day. relterated hls assertton
that the Standard Oil Company con?
trlbuted $100,000 to the Roosevelt cam?
paign of 1904, and said that the receipt
from Cornelius N. Bllss had been de
stroyed, he and H. H. Rogers havlng
come to the conclualon some years ego
that there was no occasion for keeping
it any longer.
Mr Archbold expressed deep reaent
ment of Colonel Roosevelfs implication
that he had been brought to seo hlm
at Oyster Bay by Senator Bourne.
"My son-ln-law," he explained, "had
just returned from a hunting trlp ln
Africa, and President Roosevelt ex?
pressed a destr* to see him. L_ter he
ir.vlted him, my daughter and myself
to luncheon. There were others at the
table. but my daughter sat on his right
and my son-ln-law at his left."
Mr. Archbold also referred to Colonel
Roosevelfs demand that Senator Pen?
roae be drlven from the Senate on the
strength of hls own testlmony before
th* committee as a "monstrous asper
slon." He also defended Representa
Much of the tlme the wltness waa on
the stand was devoted to ldentlfying
the Archbold letters published ln
"He__-t's Magazinc." Mr. Archbold
said he had written or received most
of the letters. bat denied that there
waa anything in them which indlcated
any misdeed or lnfractlon of the law.
"As citisens of this country and as a
corporatlon of thls country." he sald ln
concluslon. "we want to live under its
laws and obey them, and go on extend?
lng its commerce."
L. C. Leylln, of Columbus, manager
of the Taft primary campaign in Ohlo,
testlfled that he had flled a statement
showing total Taft expenses of $65,000
A. H. Plant, controller of the South?
ern Rallway Company, controverted
Senator Dixon'e statement that he had
made large contributions to Represen
tative Underwood'a campaign.
Charles D. Hllles, chalrman of the
Republican National Committee, read
to the committee a letter .he had writ?
ten to George W. Perktns, relteratlng
hls assertion that the Roosevelt pre
conventlon campaign this year cost
not less than $2,000,000 and that the
Harveater trust was back of the colo?
Standard Receipt Destroyed.
Tho president of the Standard Oil
___-->any. after telhng of his contribu
tloo of $100.0(10 to the RepubMcan cara
pa'.s fund of 1&04, and explaining that
the eceipt glven by Mr. Bllss for the
sut _id been destroyed by Tnimself and
H. . Rogers, now dead, sald ho had
no- een abl? to And even a book entry
of tt amount on the books of the
S lard OH Company.
repcat that the money waa paid,"
M . Archbold aaid, "and was not re
f. _>d; that it waa paid by me to Mr.
;fr _,.' I don't want any man to tell me
_ tba it-ggeatlon of Senator Pom
e **.* tha committee asked Mr. Arch
\ a to have expert accountants aearch
t books of the Standard Oil Company
c' few Jersey and its former aasoci
at to try and And the record of the
$_ '000 having been paid out.
' ay I raise the questlon of how lm
pci int lt ls to And that entry T" asked
Mr (.rchbold. "There Ib no manner of
!?_- tlon that the money waa given."
**. nere is aome questlon whether lt
was paid," returned 8enator Pomerene,
*_-*? there is a statement mad* that lt
,waa refunded. We want all the evl?
dence we can get."
Chalrman Clapp took up the exam
toation of the Standard OU man aa to'
the eo-called Archbold lettera, recently
r-iblished. He flrst called attentlon to
a latter to Benator J. B. Foraker. dated
! - <rch 28. 1000, readlng:
"T. accordance with our understanding.
IL _c to lnclose your eertlflcate of deposit
'te* :r_..000 and aak for receipt ln reply.
For Legal Serviee Only.
" have no doubt I wrote the letter,"
eai'' Mr. Archbold. "The payment was
j made for the service* of Senator For
I akar as counsel in our Ohlo affalrs;
that, and that only."
Senator Clapp showed to th* wltness
a teproductlon of another letter writ?
ten to Senator Foraker, d/tted Aprll 17,
1M6, referrlng to an inclosed eertlflcate
"J have no doubt I wrote lt," aald Mr.
"What doea that relate to?"
*To the same buslness relatlonshlp,"
eaid Mr. Archbold.
Another letter, of November 28, 1800,
lnclosing a eertlflcate of deposit of
$1*,000, "in pursuance of our under
?tanding in our talk over the tele
I !__*_?" Mr. Archbold aaid was sent as
a result of the same "legal duties" per?
formed by Senator Foraker. A letter
tf December ll, incloslng a eertlflcate
ot deposit for $5,000, the witness sald
was due to the "same relatlonshlp, that
Senator Clapp produced what pur
tlbortaS to be a photogrsphlc copy of a
letter to the late Senator M. A. Hanna,
dated January 19, 190*.
"I have no recollectlon of it but I've
no doubt I wrote the letter," sald Mr.
The letter referred to "threatened and
very objectionable leglslatlon at Colum?
bus," concerning whica Mr. Archbold
said he had wanted to talk to Mr.
Hanna. It referred partlcularly to per?
sons actlve in supporting a resolutlon
for an "Investigating committee," and
asked Senator Hanna to "do every
thing posslble to compas* thelr defeat."
To Prevent "Strike" Legislstion.
"That was the year of .trlke' leglsla?
tlon ln varlous atate legi-latures," sald
Mr. Archbold, "and lt was necessary for
all eorporate Intereata to appeal to thelr
friends to prevent that sort of thlng. It
explalna my letter to Benator Hanna."
Mr. Archbold said he "lad no doubt
he wrote" a letter of Mareh 20, 1908, to
Senator Hanna saylng. "Wb are smax?d
to learn that Smlth W. Bennett ls making
a canvass for Attorney General of Ohlo."
and asking that Senatcr Hanna do hls
best to prevent Bennett's electlon.
A photographlc copy purportlng to rep
resent a letter written to Mr. Archbold,
September 27, 1904. by Oenenl Grosvenor
was shown to the wltness.
"I have a vague recollectlon of havlng
received auch a letter," he satd. "It looks
like his slgnature."
The letter waa written on the paper
of the Houae of Repreaentatlves, but
dated Athens, Ohlo. lt sald 'Our mutual
friend Slbley" had suggested "that I
go ln person to see you. Cou'.d you meet
the emergencles as well without my com?
lng to see you? I have come to you for
others. but never for myself."
"I am very sure he did not come." sald
Mr. Archbold. who could remember no
answer he had made to the Grosvenor
Mr. Archbold sald he might have dls
cu-sed the Ohio campaign wlth ex-Rep
resentaUve Htbley* of Pennsylvania, but
he had no recollectlon. He could r
member no Standard oil activity as to
tho electlon of a Senator ln New Jersey.
H* * had no doubt he wrote" a letter to
ex-Prealdent A. J. Cassatt, of the Penn?
sylvania Railroad, urging that he ald ln
the electlon of Slbley to Congress.
Long Letter from Sibley.
Chalrman Clapp ahow*d Mr. Archbold a
reproductlon of a three-page letter pur?
portlng to have been written by Slbley on
February 26, 1906. ln whlch he aald he
"had talked wlth Mr. B.. a Democrat."
who waa prepared to make a flght against
certain leglslatlon. He auggested that
Mr. Archbold have a conference wlth the
"Senator." and euggested that he could
arrange to have the latter to go to New
"A man who wrote as long a letter as
that ought to be kllled," sald Mr. Arch?
bold under hia breath. "I have no recol?
lectlon of lt." he added, "but I have no
doubt I received lt,."
"Ycu were ln correspondence wlth Mr.
Slbley r aaked Chalrman Clapp.
"Oh, yes, a great deal," sald Mr. Arch?
The SiWey letter added:
If you thlnk of anything I could do, let
me know, but I think the membera of tha
Houa? of Representatlves and the SpeaK
er understand the situation
Senator Clapp proceeded to the ldenttn
catlon of another letter copy dated Feb?
ruary I*. 1900, purportlng to have been
written by Mr. Archbold to the late Ben
ator M. 8. Quay, of Pennsylvania.
"I have no doubt I wrote it," he sald.
The letter referred to the "new Senator
from California." and set forth that.
whlle the Standard OU f'ompany had no
"dlrect relatlona" wlth hlm. Mr. Archbold
would exerelse such Influencn as was pos
elble "through the Santa Fe "
A letter of October an. 19". to Q-iay. Mr.
Archbold sald he had no doubt he wrote.
The letter incloeed a eertlflcate of de
poalt for tlO.eoO, and Ml forth that Sena?
tor Quay "had recently sald some things
rtiaagreeable about me for whlch I thlnk
you should be ashamed "
For P*nnsylvsr*la Campaign.
"Can you stat* what that $10.00*) was
for?" aaked 8enator Clapp.
"Of courae. my recollectlon la vague,
sald Mr. Archbold, "but lt was for some
campaign fund, aome Pennsylvania atate
Mr. Archbold said he dld not know to
whom Mr. Sibley had rafarred ln a letter
saylng that a certain Senator had ro
qoe-ted a loan of $1,000. and asking If
Mr Archbolcf wanted "to make the In?
vestment " He sald he dld not aend the
$1,000, and had no talk wlth Mr. Slbley
Mr. Archbold presented four new let?
ters he had found as the reeult of a
?earch of hls flles. the only ones, he said.
?that had escaped the tbleves." One
waa from Preeldent Roosevelt
"It is of llttle value, but I offer lt os
ehowlng the frlendly attitude of Mr.
Roosevelt in 1904, at a period when he
has lndlcated h* considered me under the
ban." sald Mr. Archbold.
The letter wa* dated at the Whlte
House, Aprll 26, 1904. and read:
Mv Dear Mr. Archbold: I am ln receipt
ofyouV letter of the 25th. #*nd shall care
fully take up the name of your brother
fn-law with the hope that I can promote
him. "?*^gg|B ROOSKVBLT.
The other lettera and telegrams related
to one recently made public by Mr.
Hearst ln whlch RepreaenUtlve Slbley
wrote 'to Mr. Archbold that President
Roosevelt wa* anxlous to see hlm, and
advlslng hlm to go to Waahlngton and
take luncheon wlth the Prealdent. The
lettera addresaed to Mr. Slbley expressed
Mr. Archbold's regret that he could not
go and the hope that h* might later viait
Mr. Archbold told th* commltte* lhat
he dld not go to the "Whlte House at that
tlme, January, 1804
Invitod by Roosevelt.
"Mr. Rooaevelt, on the atand before thia
committee, put me ln the pecullar attl?
tude of havlng been brought to luncheon
with hlm ln 1901 at Oyster Bay by Sena?
tor Bour'ne," aald Mr. Archbold. who con?
tinued that on a vielt to the Whlte House
Prealdent Roosevelt had spoken of the
return of Mr. Archbold's daughter and
son-ln-law from Afrtca.
"I must have you brlng them over," the
Prealdent aaid, accordlng to Mr. Arch?
bold. and the latter added that they went
on the day appolnted to Oyster Bay. at
the Invltatlon of Colonel Rooaevelt.
Mr. Archbold declared the letters pub?
llshed by Mr. Hearst had been stolen
from the fllea of hla ofBce; but he de
cltned to name those whom he euspected
of the theft. He ssld he belleved the
letters contalned "nothing that ls .uibject
to Just crltlclBm." and that they were
"auch lettera aa a man ln a pOBitlon like
mlne would write to men ln representa
"I never made a request of any man
that meant the lnfractlon of an exlstlng
Ut/ or the making of any new lsw, or
th* giving of any *peelal prlvllege " Mr.
Archbold declared. "Of course. condltlMS
hav* changed. The campaign publiclty
lawa since mad* have ch*ng*d things, but
the other mafters Jn th* lettera I would
repeat to-day I have no apology to
MILUONS SP-ENT IN
Hilles Repeats His Assertion
That Third Termers Spent Not
Less than $2,000,000.
MAKES REPLY TO PERKINS
Gives Facts and Figures in Let?
ter to Harvester Trust Head,
Which He Submits to Sen
[From The Trlbune Bureau 1
Wash'ngton, Oct. 10.?A comprehenstve
ind vigorous statement ln support of hls
:harge of the extravagant use of money
In the Roosevelt pre-conventlon campaign
was aubmltted to the Senate eampalgn
Investigatlng commlttee to-day by Chair?
man Hilles of the Repuhllcan National
['ommittee. The statement?a reply to
the demand of Senator Dlxon that Mr.
Hilles be called as a witness?was ln the
form of a letter to George W. 1'erklns, of
the Intc-ni-iional Harvester Trust, the
chlef financial backer of the thlrd term
candidate, and chairman of the executlve
-ommittee of the l'rogresslve party.
Mr. Hillea's letter, whlch bore yester
rlay's date, read as follows:
In your letter of recent date you ques
tlon my assertion that mllllons of doilars
Df Harvester money were expended ln tne
effort to nominate Mr. Kooaevelt.
Your letter suggests two grounds for
complalnt, namely. that 1 sala tliat there
had been a eampalgn expendlture ot
inillions of doilars, and that 1 alleged that
Harvester money had been usea. I will
rleal with these tv.o polnts separately.
Flrst, as to th" amount expended. The
public has not heen furnished wlth state?
ments as to sums recelved and disbursea
by you and vour allles. and the careless
busir.ess m<*thods of Chairman Dlxon in
handllng campaign funds, as shown by
hla testimonv beiore the Senate commit
lee. lndirate*that no accounts or records
were kept from whlch any rellable state?
ments could ever be coinpiied.
But taere were other ways of ascertain
Ing the amounts expended. and partleu
larly by estimatlng the easlly ascertaln
ible cost of the things that were done.
Five or six of Mr. Roosevelt's wltnesees
have already admltted that they expended
rtpproxlinatelv Jf-67.000. Thla was exclu
nlve of the money spent in Eastern Penn
nvlvanla: ln Maryland. where a vigorous
war was waged; ln West Vlrginia. where
Mr F.dwards and others were sald to
have been lavlsh wlth money. in Malne,
Vermont and Connectlcut. ln Tenr.essee
where lt was fr--lv reported ln the PUMM
press that Wllllam J. Oilver (who <lld not
lucceed ln getting Bocretarg of.waxTmn
to award hlm the J'anama ? anal eontrau)
waa maklng hls monev and Influenre felt
ln Indiana. ln Illlnols where therei WU
flerce fightlng throughout the Btate,, IB
Mlchlgan. which was also a real battle
fte'd in Ml-sourl. where there was much
actlvltv ln North Dakota. where Mr.
Roosevelt ralnlj* appeare.l ln PSTMB tO
(??ngare ln hand-to-hand combat wlth Sen?
ator U Folletts' In Senator Dixon s state
of Montana; ln Waahlngton. Oregon. tel
Ifornia and flo-ith Dakota; ln Texas.
where tVell T.v.ui was reported to ha*-e
used large sums of money: ln ftklahoma
where Mr. Trlestly. the rteh "il and gas
operator, was an eager glver, and In lvvi_
Wana. where two contesttng delegatlona
were set up
Chicago Contaata CoBtly.
In addltlon to the *^y* *x\*nA^nJ*l
enormous sums were spsnt by lha Rf'"?'**:
?u management ln fomenUng^strtfoiand
creatlng nearly two hundred contests ln
the Southern fctates. and ln tranaportlng
he flcltlous clalmanta to Chicago and
Lftvlng their hotel expenaeB whlle there
Kr three weeka s-.ppo* tlng th-lr preten
?r? lt was theae two hundred ron
test'nta whose dalms were flnally ad
-lttM by the Rooaevelt managers them
ie ve? to be totnlly unsupported. lnsuflV
clent' and dlshonosUy put forward- Bet
up." aa Mr llunsey, one of >?rrespor>
slble leaders. formally announeed. for
psvchrdoglcal effect a. a tnove in Prac
tlCTnen0lJher9e"wa. Ohlo. I am informed
by man ln that state who are exper enced
ln mattera of politlcal management that
whlTt "aa done b> tha Rooaevelt man
agen?there shows nr. expendlture of not
leaM than a-00.000 "n<* Item alone on
whlch this eoneluston to haa .*. may be
mentloneo* for lllustratlon: atate-wlde
Newspaper advertising at coinmeM.il
ratea. Indleated a cost of $.-o.ot*0
Another state In whl<*h money waa ex?
pended by Ihe Roosevelt managers wlth
a lavlsh hand and from whlch no report
has been recelved hy the Renate rommit
tee is Massachusetts. where apeclal trains
were run and a general campaign con
<In--te<l For tnstance. the advertising ln
Massacliusetta newspapers during the pre
conventlon campaign. from actual m?as
urement of the spare occuple. . ls calc.t
lated to have amounted to not l*ss than
Hon Tlmothy T.. Woodruff, now of your
partv.' stated In April last that Wllltam
Fllnn told hlm that h? had expended al?
moat jrSO.-V'O in TVhnsylvanla. and waa
wllllng tO spend aa much more to nom?
inate and elect Mr Roosevelt
Thero was evldence on every nanfl or
the expendlture of large suma of rnoney
ln Mr Roosevelt's behalf, and hls pre
conventlon campaign expenses *"??**_?*"
edly amounted fo not less than K.W.tm.
Use of Harvaatar Money.
Wlth respect to the aaeertlon that Har
veeter money wae uaed ln the campaign.
certaln undlsputed faote permlt no other
reaaonahle concluBlon. Although you have
been active In the organlratton of aevera
trusts vour most dlstlngu'shed personal
achlevement waa the formatlori of the
International Harvester trust Since Its
organlzatlon you hav** been a domlnant
larlor in Its management. You orgun
lsed the truat ln 5ft You were its pro
moter You brought together the flve
chlef manufacturers of harvestlng ma
chlnery ln the l'nlted States They had
before that for many years heen engaaed
in active competltlon On August 12, UML
the companv WM organlz-d wlth a capital
atock Of |12D,W?,fO0. The promotlon fee
waa 13,161.000 _ .
Hefore bringlng the flve manufacturera
together you had acqulred an optlon on a
alxth plant whl<*h your Intereata were to
back. In January. 1-M3. a few weeke be?
fore the Harveater trust commenoed busl
nesa Ita flnance commlttee. through you
as Its chairman (vou ronducttng the nego
tiationa). secretly acqulred Ita largest
competlior. namely, D. M. Oaborna a. Co.
The purehaae of thls company waa con?
cealed for several yeara, and during the
perlod of concealment the OBborne com?
pany wbb wldely advertlaed and aollclted
trade as an Independent concern.
As a feature of the comblnatton the
owners of the flve conatltuent companies
dellvered all their stock In the Harvester
Company to three voting trusteeB, who
lasued atock trust certlflcateB. You were
at the outaet. and have continued to be.
one of the voting trustees. and. wlth your
two aasoclates. have had absolute control
over the electlon of every dlreotor of the
International Harvester ('ompany during
the ten years of Its oxlstence. As you
and your two assoclales have held all the
stock there have been no bona flde stock
holders' meetlngs. There was a further
provlslon that a large proportlon of the
voting truBt certificates should be depoB
ited and withheld from aale for ten yeara,
for the purpose of lnsurlng control.
There ls no executlve commlttee. The
flnance commlttee practlcally haa abso?
lute power. When the board of directors
Is not slttlng the flnance commlttee haa
the power of that board, and when the
flnance commlttee ia not In seaslon the
chairman of that commlttee (yourself)
haa all the powera of the commlttee. To
all lntents and purposes, therefore, you
have heen the Harvester Trust.
In the year 19(47 lt waa the purpoae of
the government to prosecute the Har?
vester Trust. It waa quite apparent that
clvll and crlmlnal proceedlnga were about
to be inatltuted when you took a hand In
matters. and in a short tlme thereafter
the aubject waa sldetracked. The lnqulry
bv the government waa begun in 1908, un?
der the dlrectlon of Mr. Toavnaend, of
the Department of Juatice, who recom?
mended prosecutlon On February 21. lOT.
the Attornev t'leneral tranamltted Mr.
Townsend'a report to the I'nited ftates
Attorney at Chlcago and Inatructed hlm
to take up the matter. wlth a view to tne
tnatltutlon of ? proaecutlon.
Proeeoution Hcadsd Off.
Before acllon waa taken you and Mr.
Herbert Knox Smith. the Comralssioner
of Corporatlona, want to aee Prealdent
Wiih MEMBEfo o:
EI * CITY'S __
Wllllam Dugg?n. Republican candldate for
the Aaaembly In the 30th Dtstrict, la on? of tbe
young, actlve Kepublican- of the uppar East
Side. He waa born tn that sectlon of the clty
? nd attended tha public schools and tba College
of the Clty of Naw York.
For several years Mr. Duriran has been *n
gaged In the real ettat* buaineaa and durtng
the admlnlitratlon ot Attorney Oeneral Bdward
K. O'Malley aerved aa chief clerk In the New
Vork offlce of the departmer.t.
A majorlty of the soclal, athletlc and clvlo
clubs of Harlem hav* Indorted Mr. Dugsan'a
candldacy, and he also has received the noml?
nation from the Independence League. Hll
friends belleve that the popularlty of Mr. Dug
gan In the district glves hlm an ex'-ellmt
chance to defeat the preecnt Aasembiyman,
Loula A. CuvUMer. a Democrat, who ls eeeklng
re-electlon. Mr. Cuvllller's plurallty last year
waa only tt llttle more than 600.
Mr. Duggan's campaign committee Is mak?
ing a thorough canvasa of the district ln hls
behalf and r.lghtly moetlngs ara belng held.
The aaaoclated cluba of Harlem have secured
the Harlem Caelno, at 127Ui atreet and Seventh
a\*nue, whlch has a aeatlng capacity of about
_000, and will rstlfy Mr. Duggan's nomlnation
there Wednesday evening, October 23.
Mr. Duggan ls recording secretary of the Re?
publican Club of the 8r>Ci District.
Followlng Its custom ln Presldentlal cim
palgns since l"-0*\ the Commercial Travellers'
Sound Money I.eague has set aalde to-day as
La_tes' Day. A meetlng wlll be held at noon
at No. 434 Broadway, at whi-h Mlss __M_
Vtsrlck Boswell, chalrman pf the Women's De?
partment of the Republlr-ji Natlonal Commit?
tee. wlil preslile. There wlll be a number of
speakera, both women and men. A ape<*lal
musical programme has also been arranged.
All the electlon dlstrtct captalns of tha Re?
publican Cnlon, the regolar orgamzaUon of tha
20th Assembly Dlsirlct, met laat nlght at tha
clubhouse to recelve Instructlons for reglstra
William C. Hecht. leader of the district, and
Joseph Hjrrls. president of the unlon. reported
a rontlnual galn ln Taft eentlmtnt throughout
the district. Many who Jotned the Moose
movement ln Its IncepMon have already come
back to the regular fold
Wllllam M*nje*. sergeant-at arms of the llth
District club, and famlllarly known to th*
membare aa "Father of tha fhlpa." forsook hls
game long enough to help raise tha clubs new
Taft and Sherman hanner.
Spaeohea were made by Francis C. Dale.
candldate for Oongrasa, Thomaa F. D*_tne.
candldate for the Senate; rharlea H. Hussey.
candldate for the Aaaembly; M H. Blake,
leader of the diatrirt, and othera.
The plan of Og>n I, Mllls. candldate for
Congress, to meet personally tba voters ln ea'-h
Roosevelt at Oyster Hay. and the Har
\. .t.r Truat wns not prosecuted. It ls
a matter of record that ?.'??mmlssloner
Smlth atated that you told hlm that lf the
Harveater Trust w_s atfa>ked Intereata
r^presented by ycu were going to flght.
Thereupon fomniiseloner flmith wrote to
I'resldent Roosevelt that ' lt ls a very
priii-tleal questlon wheth?*r It Is well to
throw away now the gr>'at lnfluence of
the so-rnlled Morgan intere.'ts ' Imrlng
the remalning eighteen montha of the
Uooaevelt administration the Harvester
Trust wl_ not prosecuted.
When jou formod the Harvester Trust
you created a monopo!y controlllng from
tb to .0 per cent of the busln.'ss ln har
vcatlng Implements. whlch constltute by
tar the moat Important clasa of agrlcult
ural implements. Th* le?_lng articlea are
blnders, mower*. rakc.. reapers, twme,
gTSln-blndera, tedders. hay rakes, awe?p
rakea, hay atacker*. hay loadera, corn
shredders and huaaera I'urlng the ten
Year. the truat haa been ln hualness lt
haa axpanded Into nearly every llne of
agricultural tmulementa, so that to-day
lt mekas everythlng that the farmer uses
By vlrtue of the power of tta monopoly
In harvestlng Implements, lt has been able
to extead and to bulld faotor'es to manu
facture Ita new lines. Its chief new lines
of inanufuotures are farm wagons. rna
nora Bpreader*. cream separators, gaao
lanc engine.*, cultlvatora, harrows and
other Implements. In ten years the prop
ertles of the company have Increaaed ln
value from _2r0,00r>,000 to t2->,0O<Vl00. In th*
eame period there have been paid to the
sto<*kholders by way of cash and stuck
dlvldenda (Including present surplus) a
further sum of fa^OnO.OOO If we estlmate
,, per oant per annum aa a reasoiiuble re?
turn upon the origlnal capltiill-atlon, tbe
luvestors would have received ln ten
years ?72,'VO.OoO. It therefore appears tbat
the stockhdders have DTOfltM, In addi?
tion to a liberal return upon the origlnal
capltal. to the extent of the enormous In
c.reasa In the valuatlon of the propertl?-s
Your denlal of my statement cannot be
underatood as Implylng that you have had
any m"ral objectlon to causlng polltl-al
contrlbutlona to be made by corporatlona
controlled by you, for there Is at least
one eplsode ln ygjir career whlch lndl
cates the contrary There ls stlll fresh ln
public memory the contribution of loO.f"*!,
made ln behalf of the New Tork Life In?
surance f'ompany. to Mr. Roosevelfa
rampalgn in 1904?made wlth your knowl?
edge and whlle you were an executlve
fiead of that company.
Tt Is perfectly plain that enormoua inmi
of money were expended to proeure the
nomination nf Mr Rooaevelt after lt had
been loudlv pro<*lalmed tnat he had been
forced to run only becauee of tbe apon
taneous uprislng of the peorle and that
you were one of hls prlnelpal finanelal
Looklng for the Motive.
Senator D_N_ teatlfied that when they
became desperately hard up "they always
went back to Perktns." You do not open
your booka to ahow how much you have
contrlbuted or where you got lt Reason
able people wlll sea* some motlve for the
enormoua deplettona of a man'i private
fortun* for polltlcal purposes.
The explanation that Is made In your
behalf la that vou hare entered upon the
mireult of phllsnthropy. and that Mr.
Roosevelt la the only man who can aave
the country and make lt a flt place for
vou to rear your children In. But at the
name tlme you have been ln effectlve con?
trol of one of the moat oppresalve trusts
thls country haa ever known, and you stlll
eilnsr to vour conneetlon wlth thls monop?
oly Men may well doubt. therefore.
whether the *ole motlve for your polltlcal
actlvltles ls the emanclpatlon of sufferlng
manklnd from soclal lnjustjce.
There 1* a faet full of slgnlflcance.
namely that the Harvester trust Itaeif
CT_tte_t as to whether It haa contrlbuted
anything. It permlta you, however. to go
_ii wlth your polltlcal actlvltlea and to
brlng Its atTalra conepleuoualy Into pub
II" notlce. Why doea lt do thia unless It
ls ltself interested ln your endeavors?
Whether Justly or not. your conduct s
subjectlng lt to the susplclon that lt ls
trvina to elect Mr. Roosevelt ln order that
lt can get rld of governmental proaecu
tlon. Ii it itrange that the man In the
street concludes that the failure tc- in
nlst upon your retlrement from the trust
Indlcates that aome motive muat bn lurk
n* ln the background whlch ls very pow
erful and wlll he not conclude that you
and Vour "Intereata" have been to the
candldacy of Mr. Roosevelt "aa river* of
water In a dry place and the shadow of
a great rock In a weary land ?
Mr. Hlllei gave the committee no new
lnf.rmation regardlng contrlbutloni to the
Taft preconventlon fund. except a llst of
the contributon to the fund ralsed ln
Chlcago, the total of whlch Representa
tlve McKinley had Included ln hlB state?
ment earller tn the week. These were
H M Bllsby. ta.OOO: _*orge M. Reynolda,
InCO Jullus Rosenwald, I6.000; Max Pam,
JvsdO J. A. Patten, tl.000; J. O. flhedd.
g* 'Henry Blegel, 1600: J.E. Otla. 0_R
Max Hart. WCO; A. O. Becker, $2_>. and
Fred 8. Jamea. 1100
Ar* you i good citix*n? If so, you
will want to vot* in Nov*mb*r; you
will ?e* thst you are regi*t*r*d early,
ao that you ean vot*. Thi* I* th* fjr*t
day of r*gi*tration. You can find
whers lo do it by looking in th*
papsrs. Do it to-day and aseure your*
??lf of a vote.
Republican candidate for Assembly tn
tlie iiOth Distrlct.
elertlon district la provlng a great suecesa.
Wedneaday nl-;ht Mr. Mllls Tfai at (Wth streat
aml Flrst avenut*, where he was greeted by
slxty vnters of the three electlon dlstrlcts ln
that m-lghborhood. Joaeph K. NeJedly. leader
of the ISth Asaa-Bb*-| rn-trl-t, Arnold I/oeffel.
candidate for the Aeiemhly, and other membera
of the Ivy Club were at the meeting.
Two thouaand m?'m4***a of the Republican
Cl*.;b of the 2M Amembly Dlatrtct and tlielr
frlendi* IsefcS*. to Mlner'a Eighth Avenue The?
atre laat m?ht to -see "Dante'a Daughtera"
dan, <? nnd alng The . lub had hired the en?
tlre theatre for Its annual stag party.
H;>-h dtr*irl,-t eaasfertttea aa collln H. Wood
ward. prenllent of the club and executlve
member; Aaaemhtyman 9. ninton Crane and
Senator Jnalah T Newoomh were among the
throng. Joae*.,h Kopald waa chairman of tha
cemmlttae tn charge of the affair.
FEES ONLY, SAYS FORAKER
All Oil Money Received, He De
clares, Was as Attorney.
ITtv T'legraph to The Trtbiina.l
Clncinnatl. Oct 10? "You can say for
me that I fully answered the statements
rontalned In tho publbshed Hearst lettera
at the tlme they were issued. My state?
ment at that time clearly demonstrated
that all the money I had recelved waa
for my aervlces na an attorney. and had
no posslble connectlon wlth my eervicea
as a Senator of the l'nlted Statea."
That atatement waa lsaued to-nlght by
e-x-1'ntted States Senator Foraker, tn ref?
erence to the testimony of John D. Arch?
bold, of the Standard Oll Company, be?
fore the Senate commlttee lnvestlgatlng
STIR EXPECTED AT TRIAL
Max D. Steuer, Actress's Law?
yer, Resents Blackmall Charge.
Sensatlonal testimony Is exrerte^ to-day
at the cominuatlon of the trial b-gun
yesterday ln the Supreme Court of the
?OM ot Mlss Fdlth St. <'lalr, an SCtfOSS,
agalnst the theatrical flrm of Klaw A
Krlangex. The Isaue at har con< erns a
contract wblcb the plalntlff aays ahe haa,
by the terma of whlch she waa to re
celve from the defendants $2,600 a year
fo- ten yeere
But the prlncipal Interest ln the caae la
the alleged manner In whlch thla con?
tract was obtalned by Misa St Clalr. and
thls Involves the allegatlon of blaokrnall
agalnst Max D Steuer. who haa flgured
ln numerous Important cases and now ls
counsel for Charlea H. Hyde, former
The contract whlch Mlss Bt Clair made
wlth the theatrical managera was not for
p-ofej-stonal eervicea. and they aay ln their
defensa that lt was wlthout conslderatlon
for the mcney whlch the plalntlff waa to
receive under the contract.
Mlss St Clalr, through Mr. Steuer, aetlng
for another law flrm, rellnqulshed what
ever clalm ahe had agalnat Mr. Krlanger
personall** under an oral agreement she
said Bhe had by whlch she was to recelve
from the manager $76 a week for her life
tlme. The defendants allege that the aub
eequent contract was made beca4ise of
the euggestion of Mr. Steuer that on ac?
count of the prominence of Mr. Erlanger
and for privato reaBona he mlght not care
to have tho clalm of MIbb St. Clalr taken
to court and made public.
Mr. flteuer haa denled thla allegatlon.
All the partlea to the sult were ln court
yesterday. Mr. Steuer appeared for Misa
St. clalr, but he had wlth hlm to try the
case John V. Bouvler, Jr.. whlle Wllllam
I Travere Jerome and Davld Gerber repre
eented Klaw A Erlanger. Mr. Bouvler
moved for a Judgment on the pleadinga,
saylng there waa no Issue as to the con?
tract aa lt had been admltted. Justice
Pag* denled the motion, and Mr. Steuer
heatodly declared that the lasue of black?
mall waa the prlncipal one and that he
proposed lt should be trled "here and
GARDEN CONFECTIONERY SHOW.
Tona of coatly candy will be part of the
International Baking Confectlonery and
Ice Cream Exhiblt that will open on No?
vember 4 for a week at Madison Square
To demonstrate the nrocessea of manu
facturlng. machlnery equipment and raw
materialB wlil b? tranBferred from the
factorlea of manufacturera of bread. cake.
crackers. chocolatea. confectlonery. Ice
cream. eoda water and other non-aleo
hollo drlnka to tha Garden. and there
operated to aatlafv the Dubllo that the
product now offered bv reoutable dealers
Ib nure and clean.
The natlon'a candv blll In 1811 wae about
4J36.OCO.00O. The conaunrtDtion of Ice cream
ln the l'nlted SUtes haa more than
ddubled in the laat Blx veara. During 1011
more than 120.000.000 aallons waa eaten by
Amerlcana-%n average of flve quarta per
CAMPAIGN FUNDS NEEpED
Demand for Republican Litera
ture Unusualiy Heavy.
Never before hav* th* demand* for
campaign iiterature from the Republican
State Committee been so heavy. It 1* evi
dent that, whlle there have been no pyro
technics ln the campaign In thls atate *o
far, the voters are thlnklng and are de
manding facts to enable them to make up
Hundreds of thousand* of documents
have been sent out so far and the de?
mand keep* up. One county chalrman
alojie asked for from 10.000 to 26,000 each
of flve or slx dlfferent documents. Th*
state committee needs money ln order to
prlnt more documents, and to dlstribute
them. Many small contrlbutlona are
comlng ln, but there la a dearth of large
An lnteresting letter waa receieed yea?
terday from a veteran of the Clvll War,
a former member of Company A, 62d
Regiment, New York Volunteers:
Inelosed please find 10 cents. It 1* all l
can give, aa I am a veteran and llvlng on
mv penslon of $15 a month. and no work.
I am seventy-two yeara of age. My flrat
vote was for Llncoln, and 1 have voted
for the grand old party every tlme.
An evldence of the way the Roosevelt
strength ls dlssipatlng ls the action taken
by the Republican Club of the 18th As?
sembly District. Thls organlxatlon. ot
whlch Peter R. Oatens ts the head, was
formed to flght Joseph E. Nejedly, the
regular leader ln the district. It has 1S6
members and headquarters at No. 203 East
63d street. In Auguat the club passed
resolutlon* supporting Colonel Roosevelt.
It has now resclnded that action and
pledged its loyal support to President
Taft and the state ticket.
"We deHded that Roosevelt had no
chance of electlon," *ald I*. ML Kommell,
secretary of the organlzatlon. "We do
not want to help Wilson by supporting
Roosevelt." Thia vlew of the altuatlon la
spreading. and reports are comlng ln
daily to county and state headquarter* of
Roosevelt sympathizers who have de?
cided to vote for Taft.
GIRL TELLS TRUST SECRET
Key stone Stenographer Re
veals Watch Oase Methods.
Philadelphia, OcL 10.?Evldenc* tend
ing to show how the Keystone Watch
Case Company controlled Its trade was
glven when the hearlngs before the spe?
cial examlner In the caae brought by the
federal government were resumed thi*
MIbs LIzzle Kanz, who wa* employed
as a stenographer ln the Chlcago brancb
of the Keystone company from 1903 to
1911, testlfled that she had been dlrected
by the Chlcago manager of the company
fo send letters to Jobbers tnstructlng them
ln the prices to be charged to Jobbers, the
prices the Jobber* must charge the retall
er* and the prices the latter must charge
Accordlng to her testlmony, when lnfor?
mation reached the company that any
Jobber or retaller had failed to malntaln
the scheduled price the Jobber or retaller
waa taken from the company's approved
liBt and no further goods were dellver*d
M. D. Hardy, managing dtrector of e
Boston flrm of watch Jobbers, testlfled
that his company had been refused goods
by the Keystone company when lt de
ellned to agree to terms of a letter sent
by the Keyatone company on January 8,
1910, lnstructtng Jobbers to handle onty
Mr. Hardy told of an Intervlew wlth
Prealdent Zurbrugg, of th* Keystone com?
pany. ln New York, at whlch he was
shown a copy of the letter, and an Im
medlate reply demanded. At that tlme,
rtccordlng to the testlmony, the Boston
company** trade conalsted of 76 per cent
Keystone goods, and prevlou* teatlmonv
showed that when those good* were re?
fused It the dlvldend* of th* Bo*ton hous*
fell from 18 per cent in 1909 to 8 per
cent in 1910.
That the Key-tone company controlled
75 per cent of the watch case buslnes* ln
the ITnlted States was shown by census
flgures produced by A. G. Stewart, chief
stntlstlclan. at a hearing before the ex?
Further teatlmony wlll be taken here
ln about two week*. Then the defence
will open Its elde.
Business Men's Committee
Hear Encouraging Reports.
A meetlng of the eub-executlve commlt
tee of the ptteMaat Men'* Job H. Hadge*
Campaign rommlttee was held yesterday
afternoon at the headquarters ln the
Hotel Martlnlque. and a*T_ngement* made
for a general meetlng of the e_e__tive
commltt-* on Monday _*tar_oon at *?-ie
same pUee. Letters were r*relved from
promlnent bueln*** men all orer the atata
expreaalng the utraoet confldenc* ln th*
outcome of the campaig-n, and making
suggeatlons as to work to be done ln vart
The followlng were chosen aa vtee-presl
dente: Delo* McCurdy, of New York: Don
ald Dey. of Syracuse; Reuben J. Gets, of
Buffalo; Frank 8. Witherbee, of Port
Henry: H- W. Bloomlngdale, I,udwlg Nle
sen. Frederlck Strauss, care of J. _ W.
Bellf-man; Otls H. Cutler and Robert C.
Ogden, all of New York.
The followlng were appolnted member*
of the exeoutlve committee: Ex-Judge Ed?
ward W. Hatoh. chalrman; William 8.
Bennet. A- P. W. Kinnan. P. Tecumseh
Bherr___. Ernest Hall. Oherardl Davls,
R. A. C Smlth, M. Lynn Bruce. John F.
Yawger, Oeorge T. Wllaon and Thomaa
Jewett Hallowell. all of New York; Frank
E. Perley, of Whlte Plalns; Irvlng 8.
Bears. of Harnllton. Madlson County;
William Rubln and Walter R .Stone. both
of Syracuse; Mayor Long of Oewego;
IJoward D. Hadley, of Plattaburg; Emer
Bon M. Wlllla, of Utlca; Oeorge H. Ken?
nedy. of Cortland; Wllllam A. Alken and
Amasa J. Parker, both of Auburn; 8her
man Peer. of Ithaca; William H. Wlld.
of Sherburn; Lynn J. Arnold, of Coopers
town; A. O. Bunnell, of Dansvllle; George
M. Boatwiok, of Bchenectady; Auguat
Buefmann and Charles M. Tumer, both of
New York; Robert F. Downlng, of Brook?
lyn; Alonso Poster, of Freeport; Frank
L. Frugone, Frederlck W. Schmldt,
Charle* Shongood and Charlea Stewart
Davlaon, all of New York; John C. Davles,
of Camden; Perley Morse, Robert C. Mor
ri? and Nathan Oreenbaum, all of New
Vork; L. O. Goodnough, of Cornwall;
Parker Nevin, of New York; John A.
Johnson, of Morrtsvlile, Madlson County;
Dr. Joaeph E. King, of Fort Edward;
Herman C. Kudllch. Charle* A. Flammer
and Luther B. Ltttle, all of New York;
Hobart Krura and Frank A. Llnater, both
of Cobleskill; Darwin E. Leland, of
Harnllton; Wllllam Pratx, ot Waterloo;
Oeorge Colby, of Owego, Tioga County;
p. W. Radcllffe. Horac* De Ltsser. John
A. Clark and Gaston Plalntlff, all of New
York; Jay H. Stevens, of Horaell; John
J. D. Trenor and George C. Rigga, both
of New York; Fay H. White. of Corning;
Mllten M. Ooldimlth, Dr. Joseph Fraen
_*1. Charle* R. Skinner and Ely Rosen
berg. all of New York. and Colonel Alfred
I Hodgea, |
H9N IS WELCOMEO .
nr IN OM
Democratic Presidential .Nomi?
nee Recovers His Voice and
Addresses Large Audience.
HIS LAST CAMPAIGN TOUR,
"Crowds Didn't Wish to Heat
Me, but Only to See Me," )
Oovernor Says of His
Chicago, Oct. 10?All factiona of Illlnols
Democracy marched side by alda to-day*]
and cheered CJovernor Woodrow Wilson,
the party'a nominee for Prealdent. Proral
the moment of arrival 4intll late to-nlght, j
when the Governor depart ed for Canton'
and Orrville, Ohlo, hla receptlon waa one
of nolay demonstratlon and enthualasra.'
Aa he rode through the crowded atreeta!
of the lower part of the clty on hla ar?
rival. he stood In hls automoblle and*
waved to thousands who dotted the win
dowa of factorlee and onVes, and a mov?
ing maaa of people who tralled along be-!
The Governor recovered hla volce Buf-,
flciently to make an eztended apeech at a'
big theatre at noon, but waa unable to
reach the crowd that gathered at thoj
Tth Reglment Armory to-nlght. The the-|
atre where the Oovernor apoke was]
crowded. The cheerlng developed lnto af
prolonged demonatratlon, and the Gover-'
nor trled to qulet the crowd to begln hla*
apeech. A nolay element ln the gallerv
continued to shout.
Put them out! Put them out!" proteat-j
ed volces ln the balconlea.
"No. no; don't put anybody out," aald4
the Governor. tjulckly, and the crowd*
gradually quleted itaelt
"I have been greatly ezbllarated as I(
have pasaed from one part of thla great
natlon to another," aald the nominee, "by
the generous cheera of tha people that
greet me. The cheera are not going ta?
eettle thia conteat. Steadfaat prlnclple.
clear vlaion, fearleaa thlnldng. are going,
to save thla natlon. and nothlng else, and,,
therefore, lt la my duty, whenever I have!
the privllege of factng an audlence to call!
their attention to tbe very eerioua leaues1
whlch are at atake, for. ln my Judgment,j
they are nothlng leaa for America thani
the lasuee of life and death."
Once during the Governor'a apeech a
volce ln the gallery called "Hurrah tor*
Teddy!*' Juat aa the speaker began to
take up the planka ln the Progreaalve>
"Juat wait a mlnute." aald tha Gov-j
ernor, "and see lf you'U feel the eame*
after I've explalned."
The Governor then latided that part of,
the Progreaeive piatform whlch advo
cated humanltarlan and aoolal reforms,
but declared that the failure of the eamei
piatform to condemn monopolles and'
pronounoe ttself expllcltly ln favor ot
tariff reform made lt neceaaary to aak
by whom and how the eoclal parts of the
programme were to be r.ccompllshed.
The Governor emphaalsad "who and how'*
ln hla question, and the crowd respondedl
wlth cheera and approvaL
The Governor went to the Iroquols Club'
for an lnformal luncheon, atopped at tbe
Southern Club for another. and hald oi
publlo receptlon at a hotel.
Mra K'le Flagg Young, Superlntendent
of Schools. gave permlsslon to teacher*
to cloae their classea half an hour earller,
than usual tn order to glve thoae who aal
desired an opportunlty to attend tha re?
It was a acurce of regret to Governos,
Wllaon that he found hia trip ewalled
lnto twice the else orlglnally planned. he
explalned to-day. Speachea were lneerted
by local commltteea and trains atopped
aometlmea wlthout giving hlm any ad?
vance Informatlon, ao that he waa com
pelled to appear.
Deeply gratlfled by hls receptlon in that
laat elght daya, the Governor aaid, how*
ever, that thla probably would be hla laat
big trlp of the campaign. The Governor
aent a tele0*ram to Aetlng Chairman Mc
Adoo, ln New York, telllng him poaitlvely
to make no more apeak-ng datea untll he
could talk wlth him personally.
**They dldn't wlah to hear me speak,
but only to aee me," aaid the -Governor
of the crowds at Bt. Louls and Kansas
Clty. "?k>mehow politlcal meetlnga at
whlch apeeches are expected ahould b*
llrr.lted ln attendanee."_
HEARST IN QUEER FIX
Will Hear Why League Wen|
Oontrary to His Wishes.
There la likely to be an Intereatlog aea-,
alon between WllH-am Randolph H*S8rs^
when he returne from Europe n?urt weel__,
and Regieter E. T. O'Loughlln. the Inde-,
pendence League leader of Kings Oounty.
It waa Mr. O'Loughlln who led the flght
to have tbe Independence League State
Conventlon lndorse Oscar 8. Straus, th_
Progreealve candidate for Oovernor,
whlch flght was won. After the conven?
tion waa over a cable meeaage was re?
celved whlch wae a atrong lndoraement
of Wllllam Sulaer, the Democratic can?
didate. Mr. HearBt may be atlll wontior
lng why hls conventlon went contrary ttf
Mr. O'Loughlln aald yeaterday that if
muat not be underatood that he or any
of the other leaders wlshed to defy Mr.
Hearat. He had underatood that Mr.
Hearst waa favorable to Mr. Straua, Aa
eoon aa Mr. Hearat ar.-ivea a commlttee
from the league will call upon hlm and
explaln the action. Mr. O'Loughlln aald
they had reason to believe tbat Mr.
Hearst had been getting hls lnformaUoii
upon whlch he based hla declaratlon tor
fiulter, all from one aource, and tbat
when he J?ad heard the other ald* ed __e
question he mlght change hie mind.
TO PUSH PUBLICITY CASE
Hitchcock Asks Wickersham to
Expedite the Suit.
Washington. Oc*.. ...-Every effort will
be made by the government to faellltate
the conelderatlon of the injunctlen pro?
ceeding lnatltuted by "Tha Naw York
JournSl of Cornmerce" to restraln tba en
forcement of the newspaper publiolty law,
"I have requeated Attorney General
Wlckereham," sald Postraaater General
Hltchcock to-day, "to expedite the ault tn
every posslble way, ln tbe intereat of the
publlcationa ss well as the government.
Peraonally, I bave walved tbe lack of
Jurlsdlctlon oF the New York courts oret
a Cablnet offlcer, that the proceeding may
be brought to an laaue promptly. N.
merely technlcal legal obetaclee will ba
laid ln the way of the proceeding."
ReQiaterl Regieter!! This is the
firat day of registration. lf you do nol
regieter you cannot voto. lf you do net
regiater to-day you may net be ab!?
to regiater on tho three other daya
Batter do it to-day. Booth* oport iror*
7 a. rn. to 10 a m.