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The Eternal Feminine in Some
THE LAI'Y OF BKAUTT. (Agnes Sorel.)
By Frank HameL With Fixteen llltib
trations Bvo, pp xvi, U2, Hn ntano's.
A PRIN't'KSS OF thi; itai.ia.n* iu;f
ormatiun. Oiulla Oonsai
Ber family and Her Friends. ByChrta
.er Here. Illustrated. bvo, i>p. xxlv,
250. Charles Beribni ? ? - i
The new Behool of blography, clever
with the pea aad even clererar with
BetBoora and paurte pot, is ln aothlag
more ahrewd than ln it." exptoltatlon of
woman's eternal faecinatlon. About
three oul of every flve of tha "hletorl
<h!" menaolra oomlng with amazing
frequency from tho preaa keep the
heroea ol tha paal in the backfTouod,
or nt beat in tho mlddle dlatance. it
ls for the herolne that the centre of
of a Bwjure leea farniliar than soino
Othen ni the annals of French COUTt
it ptetureatraely Bketchea her
The lady who vrlte* over'thf neeudo
nyme of "Chrlatopher Hara" la Bome
thing of a aentimentallat, anrl she la
more than liv.enil in her estimatf of
what may be allowed in the Kiminin
tion of Buch mrmoirs as "A Prlncaaa
,,f tha Itallan Befo8_aatloB.M She has
\y got into the swing of bei nar
rative before sii?- aaya: ' ? mual ask
the Indulgenoe ol all the aerloua stu
dents of aclentiflc blstory if i paaa for
a time into the realma of Hlatorlcal
Romance- in my earaeal aadaavor to
recreata the atmoephere of thla moel
Intereatlng period ?>f tho Renalaaanca."
Forthwlth, she proceeda t.. .. recltal of
v\,ta? taklng on in parl the aembiance
i;i! i.i.\ i
(FYorll reputed to I. <?? I A Pf I M of the Itallan I'.eformntlon "?
ihe atage la reeerved, and, on the
whole, thla poiicy la doubtless eound
enough, Rince blography is to eo_l
pete with Bctloa as a form of light
entertainrnont. the ladies are stirely the
flrst to be COnaldereA Thgy arelovely
and rotnantlc. They bruah affairs of
state \v ith the frinpes of their fr.m
frou. an.l thereby glve B tinge of seri
Otianoaa to our interest in their careers, ?
but DlOOtly they are COntent to be j
eharmlng. Reguiiing appaiitlona they]
are, and. incidentally. they illustraK
the bumameaial power of the box. If
we are to believe the stories about them
now put before ua, they have alwaya
had the vote. even when their thoughts
have not begun to compretu-nd the
philosophy of the suffrntrette.
Mr Hamel's enchantlng French
woman of the fifteenth century ls a
case in polnt. Wltnaaa the manner of
her entranco Into tho clrcle of Charles
VII, when g\ 8 comes to court ln the
traln of Isabelle de Lorraine: "Sud
denly there htepped forth from the end
of the queue a young girl of eurpasslng J
beauty. It was Agnes Porel. Tho j
King'a eyes were riveted on her face." i
There you have the whole story. All
tbat was necessary ln those golden j
days was for a woman to be young, j
beautiful and predlsposed to Iove.
That. at all events, ls the polnt of view
Irom which Mr. Hamel writea of his
unc-rowned queen. She was aa dis
Ciaet as she was radlant. "Rhe was
clever. but not obtruslvely so," which
was pcrhaps as well, conslderlng the
nervous, exactlng temperament of the
motian h whom lt was her destlny to
sway. Charles was a slck and tlmld
creature. who needed Just such a wise
but diplomatic counBellor. How. pre
claely, did he help him, and how are
we to measure her servlces to France?
The authoritles have disagreed as to
her scope and a good deal ls to be said
for the hypothesis advanced by the
Bkaptlead, that her lnflnence toid only
In court Intrigues of a mlnor sort. On
the other hand, lt Is probably true that
her Iove for the Klng declared Itself ln
way* itinrn' credltable than those com
monly chnracterlstlc of a court favor
She had a generons nature, as ia
ehown by talea of her charltles and of
her clemency. Rhe eeems also to have
been courageous and to have stlmu
lated Charles to klngly conduct
Whether or not she really epurred him
to the decleive action which swept the
Englleh out of Normandy is a ques?
tlon Btlli debatable, but there ls evl
dence In the broad drlft of her story
that she waa on the side of the
royal dlgnlty. Though Mr. Hamel is
confessedly sympathetlc toward the
legendary conceptlon of her character,
such documents as we possess incline
the readcr to ac.cept his vlew of the
matter. Agnes Porel did harm, as all
Buch parasltes, helplng to drnln the re
aources of the klngdom, have always
done harm; but she did some good, too,
Charles wai the better for her unsel
flsh companlonshlp, and to that extent
at leaat she contrlbuted to what was
soundeat in his rule. This biography.
though of no great welght, is worth
while. Besides glving a good portralt
iry wrltten by her hei olna I ??
cldedly, thla la nol a book lo take with
muoh Berlouaaeaa. Bu! why not take
lt for what it is worth nnd eajoy lt? It
is thoroughly enjoyahle. Tha author
te tha atmoaphere of the
laance and bringa ua must de
lightfniiy into the compaay ot Qlulia
Qoaaaga. That dalnty chlld of the re
nowned house of .Mnntuan prlBcaa waa
lauached upon life, like aii her o lag
klnafolk, with precloua advantagea,
Renred ln the traditlons of Vlttorino
da Feitr.. she abaorbed ln her ? irlleal
yeara ? reai oaahle amouni
learnlmr. Poetry, muslc and dancing
engagc-d her bllthe spirit. On her mar
to Veapaalano Colonna,
though she waa, she was alread] Btted
tlve part in thi
At Bfteen sh. was a aidow
tn lead her own life. It was ni ng
afterward that ahe axparleaced a falr
|y fantasti^ udventure, barely ? I
Ing from the clutches of tho j'.aMary
plrate Barbaroaaa, who had planned to
carry her off to the Sultan. ChrlatO
phar Hare naturally make- th>- tn .st
of thla dramatic epiaoda, But the bulk
of the book riRhtly tinds to BXPOae the
strong latellectual eaat <>f Otulla'a
character, to bring out her elavatlng
infiuenee upon soeiety, and. aapadally,
to emphaslze her religlous aaal. This
last, lnstimtive from the outaet, was
richly foati red by her acquaintanoa
with the Spanish mystic Valdaa She
attentively pondered hls Wlitlnga and
sayings. admitted his dlaclplaa to her
friendship and with monev and per?
sonal anergy did what she could to
promote the object of the Itallan re
formers, "a return to the simplo ele
ments of Chrtstianlty ln creed and con?
duet," without achiBin. There are no
great tangible achJavamaatB in this
Ephere of progresa to be attributed to
Giulla Gonzagu, but sh<- was a, well
Bprlng of aid and romfort to other
workers and she left her nv.dest mark.
She did so, too, without sinking the
woman of bralns ln the BietlBt
Though phe came to know the life of
the convent, she retained her interost
ln the world outsido. She livi-fl and
died a type of noble and useful woman
hood. In Chrlstopher Hare s book she
commands not only respect but llking.
She had great charm.
"A Best-Seller's" Reflections
tht; rRoviNoiAi. american. and
OTHER PAPERS. By Meredlth Nlchol
Bon. K'mo, pi.. 2X7 Boaton: Tha Hough
ton Mtffln i ompany.
These papers?Mr. Nlcholson esehews
the gravar word "essays" wltli \Mse
modeaty daal with many Amarlcan
topic-B, and practically throughout I'rom
what he hlmsolf ehooscs to oall the
"provineial" point of view. whi.'ii Betfl
ripnrt New York and, to a lesser flflging.
Boston. Now, the attitude i,f New
York toward the rest of the country is
largely n numorous one. That of the
rest of the country toward New Y.>rk,
Bg the Bthar hand, is scrious, disnp
provlng, with, below the surfai a, an
aaeaag consclousncjs of ruffled sclf
romplnr^nr-y. The case of Poston does
not cono-rn us hero. Pe It added at
once that New York. too. haa its pro
vincialis'm. AU world cities have, Pnrls
most of all. though ln course of time
Perlln ls llkely to surrass lt in this
iarger form of Bolf-complacency.
.Mr. Nlcholaon'a attltude is profes
Bedly that of all "provincial" Amcri
cana Xnrth and BOUth nnd East and
Weat, but m reallty it la thnt of his
(,wn reglon, the Middie Weat ..f Indl?
ana more by token. and of Indlanapollfl
in tho last analysls. That clty ls
"home" to him, Hs ways bomellke, the
lutlngulahed of its llterary clti
gena, Law Wallace, his ideal, DOl M B
dlplomatlat, be lt understood. or cv-n
as nn author, but as a provincial
American?in reallty. :1S a typlcal
Anvrican of the Mlddle Weat Mr.
Nlchoiaon polnta to Wllllam Allen
: Whlte's "A Certain Rich Man" as the
beal expressl.m of what ho would Bgy
'within the brlefer compaaa "f bla
paper, but ho laya atreaa upon tbe
Isesthetk* and Intallectual culture of the
;iife of his choosing, wher-as that novel
li Btrttlngly aUent on th- aubjeet. Aa
4, matter of fact, Mr Nlchoiaon doee
nol help ua much forwarder in our
I underetandlng of provlnclallam. He
?,, i.-i ezpreaaea a peraonal preference,
whlch \y the reaull of blrth .md early
aaaoclatton rather than "f i rotracted
ezperlmentatlon elaewhere, and glvea
la rt aaone. We atc peraonaily con
ducted through th- attracttona ?>f Ind
lanapollB, aomewhat after th- manner
,,. a fuldebook, an.l on ti.- way af "'
, ;t.,i t.. behold Jamea Whltcomb Rlle .
Bootfa Tarklngton and other Indlana
celebrltlea >>t' letter* Their line la an
..i,i, r one than many of ua know, so we
are Informed, for Coggeehaira "f>-ts
and Poetry <?f th.- Weat" dsnT) at
trlhutes half a doaon poets to the
i [ooaMr capital.
Mr. Nlchoiaon is rather InoonclUBlve
in disoussing the queetlo_, "Should
Smtth (io to Churchr' It were per
bapa bettar to say that such i
?lona as he reacbea are the common
pla M "f us all. "Tha Tlred Puslness
Man" contlnuea t" bear the attentlon
being beatowed on him qulte
u,ii. i if courae, Ihe author la at his
,? ai ..n his own profeaalonal ; i
whl li la far from provlw I il Indeed, In
his "i "onfeaalon
Fam'ous Types in the Sea Trade
of tho World.
THE SK.\ TRADER HIB I RIEND8
AND KNKAIIKS I I Hannty.
Illustratfd, Svo p| ul SM
The iiterature of thi bo far aa
the landsman la concerned, deala al
moel entir-i\ with the plctureeque e?
ceptiona, arlth pi I .
and plratea, arlth ahtpwreck, buiied
treaatire and audden erealth beyond th*
Nol ao this i.k,
whlch is a generai aurvej ?.f the nor
j niai <?oii.iitii.il.-- under whl ih the
' nf the world haa bi ? n i on lucted al aea
from < arlleal tlmea II do< -
,:.. i ao fai i this is neceaaary, a Ith
thr romantlc Bubjecta refejred to above,
'since they, too, are parta of the hla
ton of ihe aubjeet, bui Ita maln atreaa
is laio ii th- leaa eventful routlne of
the llfe and ur< ik "r ahlpa, ahlpmaatera
and aallors, and on the ehangee whlch
I they have undergone In tha co i a ol
centurlea Th< record anda with the
abollUon <?r aea trading monopollea and
j the entrance Into the Deld ?f thc fiist
: an cllpper In the flrat Quarter of
ti - laat century.
Aa la ao often the caae, ti.is record of
Bober, hard, everyday facta la as read
:able, as Intereatlng, w* their wlldeat
adaptatloa to romantlc purpoeea.
Trade by aea began ln the far and dle
? tant past by coaatlng. The long aea
voyage was aa y-t Impoaalble. This
loldeet form <,f aea trading still sur
vlvea among tba lalanda r.f the Bouth
ern Padflc and, to a far ie-s degree, In
the archlpelago of the eaatern lledlter
ranean, where, Indeed, this aurrey be
glns, with the voyage of the fl-et of the
Egyptlaa Queen Hatahepltau, I Irty
five centuries ago, to the land of i'unt,
! whence it returned loaded arlth ri-h
merchandlse, Includlng slaves. Mr.
Hnnnay biiefly revlowa the pauclty of
our knowl-dge of the siz- of the ships
i of Greek and Koman antiqulty?he
even takes a glimpse at th- vex-.l cjueo
tk.n of the conatructlon of the trlreme
?but, though there is much mentlon of
large shlj.s ln the wnt-rs of that dls
! tant day, no evldencc of them Burvlvea
*As a matter of fact, he aaya ahlpa
were weak and unflt for long nnd dan
geroufl royagea up to the end of the
Mlddle Ages. with whl-h, lml?d, his
Icontlnuoua chronlcle may be aald to be
?in. Most reveallng are his occaalonaJ
1 references to Ih- laa trade of the
Orient for ptirposes of lllustratlon and
jcomparison. He acoepta unqueettoi
ingly Ifarco Polo's descrlptiop of the
Imlghty Chlneae Junka, "the fclanal ships
thal saii Ipon the Indlan aeea." Ia it
? llkely, he asks, that the great trav-11-r
WOUld have tried to tell a nautlcal
whopper to his fellow Venetlana, the
boldegt and beat s-ani-n of their day?
The lot of th>- sallorman of the Mld?
dle Ages was far fr m the hard one lt
baa been pictured to he. nis aarioua
grievancea and abuaea aroee later, The
I author gives some detalla of med?eval
jmarltlme laws. eapodally of tho "laws
Of Oleron," commonly nscrlbed to F.l
ranor Of Aquitaine, whl< h in tho
thIrtaanth oentnry wer- in force as far
north as the Paltle porta Th-n there
was the Catalan MC0_OOlatO <1-1 niaro,"
from whlch lt appears that the sklpp-r
was not then the autocrat he later be
c.ime, but rather the president of a
flontlng r?publi<\ and, "h 00) aslon, tlie
"rhairman Of B debatlng soclety," as
Mr. Hannay einfiaWOB lt. With one of
his illumlnating r-feren-es t.. th.. Kast
he B_owa how thla is st in th- eaae
among the Ifalay crewfl of the island
trade >.f the Houtli Beoa, for. as Olbbon
oboerved, "almllar mannera would
naturally be DB-duced by simllar sltua
tlons." The medlanal sallor Bhlpped
for short voyages. CTWW, skipp-r,
OWnera, all behmged to the same port;
unavoldable hard ships of food and
lodglng aboard were counterbalarn ed
by condltlonfl thal commanded fair
treatment. Rystematl- ill-treatment of
cr-ws as a source of profit, since it en
couraged desertion, with the implled
relinqulnhment of wagea due, was a
The men of tba slxteenth and aeven
teentb centuriea were lndlfferent to patn
nnd needlea rlak >>f death for others and
for themselvee. They were r.ot ne.es
.-,n|v brutal to indivi.lual atifferera. but
they took tt foi rraated thal diaaaaa and
death were Incldental tn adventure, and
th, scted aa though they thought pre
The medifpva! mariner was far from
laadeqaately provtded with aailtng
dlrections ln M8., and later In prlnt.
They were known as "rutters" (route
booka) ln Engllah, and ag "portulJnc"
in Itaii.m. bul tU less is known of the
northern dlrections than of those of the
Mediterranean seamen. The first
charta are cradltad to the sea -radera
of the Ralearlc lslands.
In a review of a book of the scope of
tha preaeal one it. is poaalble only to
dlp here and there into its pages and
l.ring out a Mt of ctirioua information.
Bnglaad'fl need of men to man her
! Bhlpa, of which we hear so much to
; day, la nothlng new. The press gang ls
there to prove it. t^enteenth-ceatury
Hollaad mannad bs marchaat marlna
i largely with BcaadlaaviaBa The
Portugueaa of the great era oi ekplora
tion were good BgJlora, but dectdedly
poor Bhipbulldera. Naturally, much
?pm e la devoted to thla period, both ln
! th.. watera of tho New World aad In
thoaa of india. II waa lha ' barolo age
of tbe merchaal skipper." no was
Inavlgaior aad trader, Bghter and
dtploroatlat, and fooader or factoriea
aad Btrongholda. In Boutb Amertca a
seventeenth-centurj Bpanlah Ooveraor
lald up a fortuae of t3,<X?,<X? In Utaao
yeara bj wlaklng at amuggling und
[pocketlng his "rake-off." Tbe ships of
the Engllah Eaal ladta Company were
nol OWned by tbe company ln the senae
tbat the funard Llne owns lt- shlps.
Thay were btrad for a certain number
of voyagea, f",ir of them betng eon
aldered to ?nd a veeeet'a period of use
fuiaeea. Under favorable ctrcuin
Btaacea a voyaga was oompleted ln
elghteen montha The batldor of the
harged Indlaman had the rlght of
'. instru. ting her Buovssor what be
i ima kaown aa tba rlght of "heredltary
tomg " Cotamaadera ami crewa had
redltary" moral rlghta of re-eagage
ti.. nt. Tha aettlemenl of theae rlghta,
tom waa abollahed, coel
? ..mi.any t348,0UU
r tba i Irate, roataaee nota Ith
Btandlng, ba waa "a aneaklng tiuef and
an arranl coward. i have mal no In
Btam a In which he put up ? g""d Bfht
Ha did not even ac< umulata Ireaa ire
A Bluttlah Idleaeaa nnd freedom to
b w<-re tha r.-al attr.n'tions of the
Tha blackeal blol upon tbe bl ?
? ? of niaritime cotomerca la the alave
The cbaptei oa 'Tba Bea Tra.i.-r in
a\ ,, -| ima ' la deddedlj worth whlle,
becauaa it daala with neceaettlee, not
with int.?rnatioii.il law, decreea, blo k
,.!<?-., and tha Hke. As for ihe sallor
man. thi. last flfty yeara bava aeen tha
amelloraUon of I la moral und pb
condltion the world orer, by leglauv
tion and organlaed private affort. Thls
ls not a book for tbOBB wh<. g<> down to
tho s?-a in shtpB aloae. it la moat la
. , ? ? .- | tdtng f..r tbe laadlubhar
Tha Btudeal of hlatory wlll Bad in it a
waalth of Infonnatloa not aaatly accee
?Ible elae? hera
THE MYSTICAL TURK
A Tinicly Study of Him in Peace
MYSTH i.-M AND MAOIC IN Tl RKBT.
.\n Aci ml ol the Kellgloua Doctrlnes,
Monastlc OrKanizatloni and Kcatatlc
Powera of tlie Dervlah Ordera Bl
M .1 (iameti Itluatrated from photo
. pp ix, 10 ' ? 'barlea
? i: ? ner'a smu
, ii nad Bcqualntanee a Uh the
nrltlnga of Mabometan myatlclam,
comblned aith Bome flrat-baad kaowl
edga of tha operatloaa <<( i "-i i lah or?
iicrs. makea Mlss Oarnett'a new book
a Bultabla guida f-.r i r who,
nol being a apeclallat, would liko to
eatuxata tha welgbl of reltgtoua loflu
aacea on popular otlniun ln the Turk?
ish emptre. A practical polltical eoa
. ?>rn ls bouad up wiih tba prlaclplei
trtitlea of the Denrlahea, whoae
fratemltlea and moaaatarlea have baan
efltabllahed In Buropean Turkey more
firmiy than ekwwbera in controveratea
with reapeet to lsiam and clvlllaatlon
no ai couat la uaually taken of the mya
tlcal 'dde of rellgloua i.. Ilaf as a natlve
element of antagonlam to the m<
Bentlal Mahometan do.trine.s. The
Bpeculattve protaata agatnat rigid <>r
tbodoxy were nol without tanglbla re
eultfl I" Pereia. Mlaa Garnett tblnka
thal the movement of Bahlam, ho fero
clously auppreeeed, gave greatar prom
lae than any other eveat connected
with the Eaat of "thai only poaalblo
kind of regenerat lon - i cgeneratlon from
within." Shouid u moyemcnt slmllar t.i
tn t of Bahlam and. liko it, derlved
from the Derv_abea, braak out in Tur
key, Ita Importaace miyht he im.re
qulckly undaratoocl than was Perelan
The Dervlah ordera had thelr rlse ln
the lifetime Of Mahomet hlmaelf among
tha fOllOWera of Abu Hekr. the first
Khallf, and All. the thlrd Khalif. une
of the most numeroua and popular or
dera ba Turkey to-day ia tbe Ifakabl
bendi frateralty, wboae "mie" la held
to be In strl't accordance with that in
stitut.-d by Abu Hekr. While many OT
dera Hve b coBvaatual Hfe, the Nakahl
bendl live ln thelr own homes and poi -
Bue thelr ordlaary avo.Mtions, meeting
only at Btated tlmes for the perform
an<e of raUgloUfl excrclses. Mlss ilar
nett descrlbes the lnltiatory rlt.s. th,.
varylhg d-aetpltnea and tbe Bf_aboUd
garb of several mystlc brotherhooda,
and she has some llluminatlng pagafl
as to tba women's BOClttUB afflllatid
with the Hervlsh orilers. Slnce the
daya 'if Kabla al Adaw ia, women have
attabsad tO honorable plnces among the
Sutls. altbOUgh only those who have
re.olvcd B good Turkish educatlon are
Itkety to aater upon tho ptyatto path.
i >f the more Igaoraat among Moataai
women lt may be said that they beUevfl
Inipllcitly in th<- wonder-working type
of reliKlotiH leader.
The anclent word "Heaven and earth
caaaof contaln me, but the heart of
my raltbfnl servant oontalaetb me" is
at the core of DervlBh mystlcism, the
bellef ln the posfllbillty, for the lndl
vidual, of union with the Deity. With
B00K3 AND PUBLICATI0N3. l BOOKS AND PUBLICATION3.
BOOK8 AND PUBLICATION8.
THE NOVEMBER CENTURY
HENRY WATTERSON'S ARTICLE
The Humor and Tragedy of
the Greeley Campaign
With Commentg by Whitclaw Reid.
EVERY TRIBUNE READER SHOULD SEE IT.
This is the first of the new series of "After-the-War" Papers whieh The
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period since the Civil War what The Ccnturif's famous Civil-War papers were
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its Impllcattona, and with more than a
hlnt of panthelBtlo ahsorptlon, BUCh
teaehlng has at sundry tlmeg brought
the myatlca under suspldon of at
tempting to muke lnnovatlotis ln the
revealed dogmaa of isiam and of deny
lng the v-ry fxistence of a peraonal
Allah, noi to apeak of setting at nought
aii iaw. human and dtvtne, at the bid
diuK of the Inward Llebt. Retlcence
ln the preaence of the unlnltlated baa,
however, often made for an Impreeelon
,,r orthodoxy; and the great learnlng,
wMe culture and Btmple, ealntly llfe of
many Dervlaljea baa been recoamlzed
and reapei ted.
There nr? also low^r aepecta of Der
\i?h a.tivitv, and Mi.-s Qarnett falth
rnnv teta doa n the facl thal not aii the
ordera are altber preachlng or practia
Ing tolerance and unlveraal ku.,.i win.
ta the rellfloua ecatacy, with Its
unwboleeonie conaequeneee ln a coun?
try where peraona of weiik Intellect are
deemed i indldatea f?>r canonlxatlon.
Martlal fanattdaoa has i.e^n under
?tood and not nndervalued by suitana
and gcn-rals. who hav* sought the aid
..f the howllng denrlahee, Roamlng ea
Itedly through the campa and re
hearalng the bleealnga promlaed by the
Prophet to th- ae wn,. Bght for the fblth
of isiBtu. theae eshorti ra bai ?
man*/ a flne frenay. Bhortly be?
fore tho outhreak of the trottblee ln
Bulgarla ln 1876, one of tbe aealota
completely terrorlaed the Chrtatlan in
habltanta ><t Adrianople. Oetng frotn
::i the ("hllstian u.tia.r
tar he toid the atartled Inmatee iha'
Allnh had revealed to him his deetre
that the Infldela of tha loarn should he
deetroyed arlthln three daya after Eae
tcr. <>n the Blahop'fl r-portlng thls to
.... ,, rernor Oeneral tho Dervleh was
s-nt for and taken to taak, Hla de
rence waa thal aa be was ln bla "haT
*<-stasy wh-n he inude. tha alleged
declaration be was not reaponalble for
anythlng he mlght. have aald. al
thoiiKh he araa aent out of town under
es.-.irt. be managed, says Miss Qarnett,
to elnde bla guarda and to contlnua his
fanatlcal mlaalon In other parta of the
Muted Lutes and Silenced
LITERART HEARTHBTONE8 OF DIX.
IK. p.v 1- Balle Corbell Plckett Wltb
portraita and llluatratlona l2mo, pp.
:,. Phtladelphla: J. B. Upplncott
"The luatre <>f our glfted onea is not
dimmed by the pussage of time, but D
the rueh of neat booka upon the world
glnla, though Hoslon cradled him; none
is likely to dispute the clalm of the
Mothor of Presldents to Margaret
Juaklna Preaton, daughter of Phiia
delphia though she waa by blrth.
Fathar Hyan, the singer of '"The Con
quered Baaner," shouid not be forgot
ten by the South, nor will hls nnswer
to Qeneral Butler ever be forgotten by
Pathhr R In New Orleana ln
pldemlc luok- out and d??
voted hlmaelf to tha care of tha vletima.
ng been accuaed of refuaing to bury
.. i ederal, he waa brought befora Butler, '
who accoated blm with greal Bternneee:
? i iiiii told thal you have ref i
dead BOldl ?* he waa a
V. 111 lt ? . "
"Why," anawered Pather Hyan. ln sur
i wa.s never aakad to bury him,
snd never refuaed. The truth bt, g.-neral,
it would afva n ?? pli I5U!.' to bury the
wbola lol ??!
If Is a sad record of wanderlngs ln
setir. h of ? bearthatona and health and
u aad tale of brok<-n fortunee,
thal oae Bada in these puges: Poe,
l_inler, Tlrarod, Ryaa, Sliiims, Hayne,
the ahadow of ralafortaaa is over th*m
nll, tli>> Bhadow ulso of the ruln of
clvlc Htrlfe. That oldtlme humorlst.
Oeorga v7. Bagby, ls not forgotten, nor
ls tbat unlque Hgure in our fictlon of
th.. btfa of tbe laat caatury, the author
of st. Elma
Theae are but brlef sketches, far
more aparlng of quotatlon than could
be wlabed for the auoceea of their pur
poaa. The lilusttations are worth
whlle. "Uncle Remue" is the only Hv
Ing Boutbarn author whom Mr. Plckett
Includea ln hls Burvey.
Half a Century of Memories and I
OERMAN MEMORXE8L By Sidr.ay Whit?
man With portralta tvo, pp. xi, Bi
Charlea Scribner'a Sons.
Su much of mlninterpretatlon and de- |
llberata mlatofornxatlon concerning
Qenaaay comea to us nowadays from
abroad that this latest of Mr. Whlt- :
man'a booka la donbly weicome and
doubly valuable. He knows the coun- I
try, what la more. he knows Its people. I
ile remembera the daya before the I
greal eveata that were marahalled by I
Blamarck; he saw them come to pass. .
and baa ol.served thelr increasing re
sults. In tlvse many brief papers of
hls. chlefly devoted to promlnent per
BOnalltlea, bul shot through with gen
erallaatlona on pjodern Oanaaa culture
aad materlal rtvUlaatloa, on saiient
changaa of national character and
thought and aspirations, he revlews the i
bld, Blmple daya, the present that be-j
gan at Versaiiiea ta 187t and the
the readers of to-day loso sight of the
volumes whlch wove threads of gold
Into the Joys and sorrows of the gen
-ratlon now travelling the downward
?lOfM of llfe.1' It ls prohably true
that the new generatWm is losing sight
of Lani-r and Timrod and of Slmms.
Tlmrod had his hrlef revival at the end
of the last century; I.anier, too, haa had
his period of renewcd recoKnltion more
r-i -ntly. As for Simins, he is nlready
pra-tlcally forg.,tt-n. <>n- .vonders, by
tho way, why Mr. Pl-k-tt, whlle cele
hrating his verse, has omitted all men
tlon of his fictlon, his capital stories of
colonlal Parollna, hy far his more im?
Poe and Fran-ls Bcott Key are se
cure in their f.ime. Amerlca long since
conceded "the Poot of Nlght" to Vir
THI FIHST CHINB81 JUNX TO BOUND THI CAPI OF OOOD HOPE.
(From a prlnt in "The Sea Trader.")
future, whlch, he thinks, will dawn to
morrow. "flaailianj is passing through
a period of transition, portendlng
Changoa of perhaps greater magnitude
than nny which have taken place ln
our day." He wrltes runrntr calamo,
with the unfailing readin-ss of thor
ough mnstery of his suhject.
Thls more serlous purpose of his book
la eeeaoIngly only lnctdentai. as it were.
to hla reminlscences of many frjpnda
and acquaintances. of men of light and
leadtng and commandlng force?mem
ories studded with dellRheful anecdote.
The old Emperor, Hismarck and
Moltke, I.enhach, Von Moser and
Monimsen, Klng Charles of Rum^nla,
Field Marshal Blumenthal. Biilow, the
Poclallst leaders. the ofiiclals ln the
Friedrlchstrasse?these succeed each
BY JOHN GALSWORTHY
$1.35 Net Poatage extra
MONTGOMERY'S NEW &0QK
CHROMCLES OF AV(MEA
Bv th? author of
MANNE,OF GREEN GAbLty," E%
(.f whlch o\er 300,000 copl?* hx.ro .iim *olC|
Srt $l.a%. VOHtftaiil ?/??#_;
RARE BOOKSAPRINT8IN EJROPS.!
4t A LL-OUT-OF-PRINT-BOOKS"
am iJUl'l ME; can set you anv book?v??[
publlaharl on any *ubject. Tlie rt**- ?xp?rt
boolc fln.ter txtant. Whfn ln Eng *r.<1 ca'.l aad]
%e* my 600.000 rat<" bo-kB BAKErVB '".KEAf
Hi.Ulv SIIDP, .Tolm Hrlght Bt.. Blrlilligham.
other ln a row, broken by artir-lea oa;
Berlln, Munlch, Dresden aid Wr-lmar.j
the past being alwaya kipt ln per
sr.ectlve, the betfer to Judge the pres
It ls a happy proceas, a.' leaat In Mr.
Whttaaaa'a akllled haada/thia Krafting
of a aerlous etudy of a people on the
Sowerlng branches of B delightfully
green and fresh ancdotaK- How fir
dlatant seems the old ?mperor'a delib
erate slighting of Von Moeer I
he considered the wrlting of comedlea
? most undignified M ipatlon for a
(Jerman offlcer! Thr playwrlght, BJB
learn further, receivftf hardly at,
whatever of the Engl-h proflta of "The
Prlvate Secretary." wrhlch amountei to
tlObOOOl Moitke'u allenea in
languages ls. world-famotis, but In re?
allty his was rather "a Doric brevtty.
Never a Btiperfluaus word marred his
laconlc senten. ej" After Badowa a
rnember of his Btafl enthuslastlcally ad
rocated an lnmedlate march on
Vienna. "What would you do after
\ou got there?" he asked. Lenbach, on
being aeked what waa his prlce for por-'
tralts, answerod: "That depends. From'
*.'0,000 marks, whlch I may ask, down
to B.000, whlch I may be willing to par
for the prlvltpge of palntlng an excep
tlonally lnterestlng face." He dlsllkad
paintlng royal p rsonages, flnding moat
of them unlnterestlng aubjects.
So iiincii has been eald of Blsmarck
that further information concerning
him that ls worth while would ?ieem al?
most imposslble. Still. here is a really
Important story that is not generally
known. Accordln0' to it, the famoue
lierr von Holstein already nursed the
idea of the Iron Chancellor's compul
60ry retirement from offlce d_rinf tha
llfetime of William I. ln the wintar ot
A gentleman ln a high positlon wMl
qulte unexpectedly asked to lunch ofj
Herr von Holsteln. Thls ln itself wa* iaj
? xtraordlnary occurrence. Inaamucfa a* 10
was .'ommon knowle<lpe that Herr >_a|
Holst-ln led a sohtary llfe and had hanlv
|y ever been known to ask rueeta to ..iaj
table In the course of the lunch na,
?poke dellherat-lv of Prince Hismarec
having becoma too old for the reeponH-i
Ulltlaa of his ortlce, that he was lo* tig,
his memory and mlxed up everrtnmw
("er embroudllrta Allta"). and that it **'*?i
tlnm for tha s'ood of th- B-tptM that o?
should ba r-nioved from power.
Mr. Whltman. who certainly kno~a?,
dlsslpates a deeply and flrmly estab
lished opinion when he aaeorea us thatj
ln no government offlces ln any other
country with whlch he is acquainted'
do foreign Journallsts meet with the
courtesy with which he. at least. ha?
invarlably been received in ihe ~>~*
helmstrasse, from the sturdy haU por
ter, with the Iron Ctooa of 1026 o"
his breast. throughout the diff.rent
grades of otllcials. up to tha aufiust
l.\.-ll-ncy himself. and Uu* wlnthar
the vlsltor represents a journal frien~r
or otherwlse to Uerman !nt-r.>sts.
At the time of the Boer War FjaiB
Marshal Blumenthal toid Mr. 9 *>'"
man that the F.ngllsh were aplendio
fellows. but with only one idea, taaa
of shooting or b%ipg shot. Their <>?
flccrs were not sufflciently trnlned. duu
added thls suce-ssful soldicr. the Prus
slana have gone to the oth-r pxtr'md
"Tha plodding bookworm get* ane
too often now. In my time our peop
received a aound technlcal tratn ?8,
but the indlvldual-tne peraonaUD
was, after all. the decldlng elemenu
Hence, our resulta."
Of Wagner'a eccer.tricitiea tbere MJ
here two new instances, one af
visit paid him by tho dlrector of ">
Royal Dresden Opera Houae, who.,
having been announced in proper
was received by the great cornpo*
etanding on his head agalnat tn ?
grand plano, and the other of the oi
Emperor^a only vlsit to Bayreuia.
Wagner's muslc bored him. h"1- */
cording to custom. he sent for <
composer durlng an lntermlww*
Wagner toid the alde-de-camp thal ^