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The Prophet of Simplicity in Stagecraft Seeks Disciple in Kate Carew
Edward Gordon Craig, Son of Ellen Terry and Acclaimtd ir. Many
Lands, Shows His Museurn of Odd Models and Masks Designed to
Hasten the Dawn of a Theatrical To-morrow, and Qualifies
as a Heretic by a Verba! Assault Upon the Well For
tified Position Held by the Dramatist Ibsen.
theatres. tho stage. r>f wtdch wera ad
wlth acreens and pniall flgur ?
"You can get aronderlul affeeta all i
these sereens." 0?plaine.l Mr. Cralg, ef '
the manner of a showman. "They are
foidlng ones, you see, an.l will BtanC"
themseives. They needn't ba Caatened I
the stage, to ropes. rollers OT beania li
the flles. They cnn bo made of any Bla
requlred, and three men lr. three mlUUl
can remove a Wbole acetio"
He pauaed lor breath an.1 to shake bei a
a i>iszt lock whi.h had penetreted too
far down on his brow.
"Don't you use any stage propertleaT'
"Oh, fam\" and he showed me* a BO
for "Macbeth." Just bare atona Wl
end a stono staircase. riinnir.K tba leBgth
i of the BtBgO, for Lady MaCbeth to OOm
walklng down ln lier great aeeaa "But
for the most part the aereena provlde ill
the neces.ary scenery, of couree, aid d
hy light affeeta wtaleh unfortujiateiy I
canaot show yeu bare."
Then with his b?lltul, artlstlc finger* n
shifted the llny sereens thls way an I
that, makin.r atreel aceoea, court
an ?Usebetban drawtng ioom and .. t">
est, whlch 1 have n>> doubt W lt.
uoiiiii aii be ezeeUent when propi
and ehedowa oouM be obtalned, en
whlch wore < ery Intereatlng anybow.
"The atuge .hould be Hke a WOO
face," munnured Mr. Cralg, dreamll:
he to?d Wltb a "Haml.t" boi na "i I
the same, but Wlth BO two expri ?
allke. To my mind. the aimpli BITI
ment and rearrarig.-ment ol theae BCT1 I -
whlch are practl.ally ln monochronsc
next best to a retUTB to the old I
Idea ot no scenery at eli."
"It's really ren,_rkai.lv bitereetlng;" 1
aald, Bppreclatlvely. "Hut Wbal abo t
uslng them In a modern rOB?Bt|e pl
Mr. Craig's pleaaaat fbee darkehed.
REALI8M FORGETFUL OF ART.
"In a certain kin.l of rn idei n pla ? I
aasuredly," he repUed. "Wlth thi
called reallstlc theatre and reallstlc playa
I have no deallngs The ranlisiic the?
atre seems to me to he forgetful of all
the laws of mt. lt sets out to refleel the
tlmes and merely drags baek B curtain
and exposea to our vlew an agltated cari
(ature of man and his llfe, a Bgurt .
ln Its attltude an.l bldeOUa to look Upon
lt helps to stlr up in people tiiat reetli
ness whlch Is the enemy of all thlnga. lt
la a durlng and dangerous rev.ilt agaln I
the laws of the ert of the theatre, dai
because to reproduce nature Is an Impoe
slblllty; dangerous becauae lt ls u thi
against the well ordered llfe of th.
aen. The dlvlne eaeanr-e, thi aplrlt, tbe
beauty of llfe, ls left out."
Ti lly he was on his mettle. His face I
glowed with tbe ? nthu.lasm of an In
rentor, aa bla Imaginatlon plctured the'
Dewn "f ? Theatrlcal To-morrow.
I welked ih.mt looklag at some of the j
pleture*-etudtea for cbaraetera most ofl
them. Hei wea a costume destKu toi
"( lytemne tra," here "OpbeHa Mad," j
, n agaln a "Harlequta aad four aetoi-.'*
beri a "Plnk glanl for a paatotaUae,"
un.i there ;i "Peer <".vnt," a "Silenus," "a
-encer," "a Mind man" and "Cballaplne
in th.- Barber >f BevUle."
"Why do you pelnt BO many of your
flgurea wlth maaka on their heads?"
Ais. tiiat Intereata you," bearn ed Mr.
Cralg approvtogly. "That's an idea I am
worklng oat I'm Incllned to believe in
the maak aometlmes. You see, very often
Bctora heada aie not sulted to the parts
they an t<> take. They are too hroad,
;,?, ii.ii. t,..? plncbed Of too narrow. I
found thal oui when I was worklng out
'Hamlel In Moecow Let'a oover tbeaa
in cley or marble when tbe work of an
ls to "? ti brlned ln them."
,;, 11 , ,,. __ aea popular Broadway
favorltea i on ? ntlng to thls?
, looked plcrdngly al the ReforfDer te
. if in wi re laughlai at ma but he
wai aa ncon doua as a little chlld ar.d
,, thlnklng of me, I ara sure.
T, E "HAMLET" MASKS.
?? ahowed me more m.isks for u.e
n ? Hamlet," for tbe Player Kms
and a welld and WOOderfUl 000 for the
i'. ln The Hour ClUH*."
Al last. wh?:i we hBd Rnne the round Of
Ihi .in. he threw himself down ln an
? .iti- ,|. m the deptbfl ef an arm
rhall wlth tbe nlr of one who has dunn
d needa a r.-M.
down alao, and ferveutly boped
.. ,. i in t cul abort any further
itlon bj findlng aometblag he
Io al <>nce.
' Who || th. WOret enemy to the Ideals
, ' ii. theatre to-dayf" I aaked.
? .\n th. menegere," aaM tbe Refonner,
arlth a pleeaanl amlle, "an-l eertalnly
mo i ..I tbe actora are aaemlea to Ideal
i-iii. i am eorry to say. The actor-man
r stnrts ln wlth hlrr'i
leeta about aeraa yeara;
. geta dlatrai Ii i aad
round in aaerch of some more
Bui be can'l get them. Ther?'s no plaee
f,,r him to take his wounded drametlc
,,,tii to I- heeled Tbat'a wby I'aa golng
. . ? ,. ...,i "
.?.!"" i repeated, trylng to
pleture this v ihi. fr-.- aoul hltehtag Ma
. . ... hool i ulea and rogulatlon*.
??di, n >? an ordlnary - bool," laugbed
tba reformer, Joyoualy: "Just a oori ,f
refu",e for the wounded a sohool where
BOW kdeela and ideas for the th< atre. can
ii. ,, ualncd."
I B." I cblrped. "Vou're golng to be
a sort of onIversal provlder for the be
refl of ideals."
"Tbat'a it," ebuekled Mr. r*raig. "Actor*
aad naanegera can both come and he pro
vi.h'l " Tbe?, becomlng more serious, he
?Bld: "As tlie Knglish ?1 should say, the
LondOBOre? have alrciuly iinll-marked my
school in ih'-lr own particuh.r manner, I
ahall In eli probabtlIty open my first
braneh In I'ai-is; then lat- r in Amerlca
Now, hera's your ohanee, all ye of no
IdeeJal Come and get patebed up to ko
through tiie roBt of your lives. Oh, r.o; I
forgot fou're only eiigibie lf tfs stag>>
Ideela you're aeeklng. But why not have
aenoola for Jaded Jouraallata and arora
arrltera aad ilmleaa artists, also? What,
bol Tbere'a a brlgbt id,a from yo.r
of courae, as Mr. Cralg take. no ln
lerest In th.,.s. other atruggUag souls, I
dldn'l ?Ivulge thla daBBling scheme to
blm. i merelj Inqitlred:
?What tirst Influeneed you to take up
this Bort of work?"
: Bed one long whlte band through
bla io< k .
"I don't underatand why you s?y
'whnt.' Why don't JTOU BBJ 'who'? Be?
cause, of courae, my mother and fath'-r
did. madame. 1 was on the stage for
aboul elght yeara aiso, an.l thet helped
hc u. aee what was needed
"Weie you, IndeedT" 1 ssid, in some
? . 11 ? i ae
Mr. Cralg didn't seeni to mind my not
having heard of him ln thal capectty at
all. 11< h_rt BOdded linperturbably and
"M-. mother sat.l I was a BOOd actor."
''an't j OU Just !? ? ? i: ' in 'I'erry
enco traglaa bei oae ? we lemb
.ud puttlng asld- h.r own art for the
aake >>f hla?
"I don'l tli nk I wni>, thOUgb," added
the Reformer reflectlvely. "Anyway. I
came to tbe conclualon that anh
have a very forelhle peraonallty on the
Btaga you bave no chance; besldea, I had
many Ideaa i waa an?ioea to work out.
ii ti ni. ; .- dotng thel in Kng
land. so I wenl id, and in M ??
i found mv friend Conatantla Btantalowa
hy, of I ?? Thi Btre, an.l he gava
ind loyal i ipport at a
tlma when all other celebrated theatre?
found my work Incorriprehenalbla l took
ii over 'Hamlet,' whlch was
WAS DEEP IN HIS PAPERS WHEN I ENTERED.
ile ( itrrn.
Ilx?.\ gjuits real
I |n hei mldsl
h_t : tbe real,
DiO jrotl ;ng Paris
ot Ita off tha
t:ack. 10 try
his im- parttcular, or bltlea
in general. '?' tha
. i ut Ita ? "oi
He taeatti aturn to aimpttdty in
Edward QordOB 'ralg is one of thoae
prophc-ts. not v.lthout honor save in hls
own country. ln Ruasla they liuil blm as
a rare genijs. tier many steals bla ldeas
and appiauda him. Italjr regards him
with favor, and Frarc. may lOM her Im
BBMlOnaMa head over him when she
grasps ___ .". ? and I Hut eaaMr
land, hls blrtbpla' ? O-dly:
THE U8UAL HI8TORY.
rne some more yon can do. Get
a little ajprobatlon from BsBSWhaTO. and
tuen parhapa ona laa mornlng 1 may
rise up and pradaha you i_reat."
N'ot timt <ralg. tba ilcformer. really
careB at all. H l hla way,
apparently Indlfferent aa ta whether the
world ar.piauds or condemna ,his Ideaa.
Il- llves wben ta_w itea, and at
pnv, ,,t be la worklng out a scheme in
At flrst he fiafly snd abeolutety re_
but 1 i rnployed a policy
i finallj bji t a
notf from him which ran thuBty:
"Dear w l i-till don't believe
there's ? | aay ta an Amerl
i would be acceptable to Its
edltor. or to more than ten thousand of
ite readers, hut, of course, you go by the
WBjtiriT ..? An.i the majority is
*'?'?>??> \:v,\.> .:, sj.it.- of [beea and the
?Uk.ts that la t<> aay, when the majoilty
fom^ po md to ti ? lndlvldual.
"1 shall be in TneB'lay afterrcn ar.d
sa*n i. gia<i ?., .^how '.??.. aome* of my
' .an he ea?Hy
l any furtbei expLsna
PB b> lerstand Bometblng
***-"' if, s'owadaya people think rush
?? i.;. ? 11. ?. reraa ot
as Ameticana think rush ia life.
.'. talktaff aboul aii or
K'.' I am atUt when people
***e time, they eaa understand Baoat
apply thein-.-lv.-B .llligently,
?"d ir th. v sron'l take time, Um
1,'ov.ev. r. I wlll see
you at 3 ./cioek on Tueeday."
W"bew! he drlvlng at?
* '*'1 lik ise us for llving!"
But then i reflectaid "rory probably his
b*rk ia much wi i u i>h.," io.
pullln^ my Bosttered wlts logetber, 1 was
PafK on th,. trmt a- ll.lo.k BtTUCh ?!?
I never ta_u any rlaka with tbe eaprScaa
'f the siect, nnd i waa axtra alad i
didn't this time, f,r nn aura that m bo m
*? Gorfion Craia aenl that note ba
Prom;4ly wen' and foi got my very'exlst
1 ;ust happened to catch him ln hls
?tudlo. He had hls hal and ' "it on, r.-ady
b> go out. hut Ht ti,.- la t momeni
?ntly, lomi , ing over,
*nd h? was deep iu them when I sn>
!It s/BJ fl fl luating Midlo, with thea
ln WOOd and plaster, plctures
^attered about ln artlstlc
confuslon. It waa a we* :shop children
WOUld ndore, fcr there were more de- J
llgl tt :! playtblnsa In it than are dreamed
. moOi alluiing auroery.
The theatre models were all toy stza
snd had tlny flgures placed on then
Klnga and queeaa, princelings and knlghts j
' ln armor, falrles and beautlful women la ;
[trallh-g gowns nt.d QjUOer headdress's.
Ilooklng .lelightfuily ununderBtandable and
Mi Cralg looked up at me In surprlse.
"Well, what is lt?" he aaked. not sr.arp
|y, bul just B tltHa lmpatlently.
1 don't mlnd telllng you fllght was ln
my mlnd, but I stood my ground.
"I'm Kate Carew," I aald doggedly,
"and you wrote me to come and aee you
oh. yee, taa, ot courae," eald the Re
former, klndly; "Im so sorry, I'd for
gottett for the moment. Please slt down
nnd 111 flnish these papers ln a few see
So there waa T a-waltin" on a Reformer
and incldrntally marvelllnr at thls young
old Prophot with hls sllver halr, bnrning
blue eyes and eager, questloning face of
,ld, DO longer Ldwsrd "Corgon"
craig. h tearaoBM croatnw, but craig the
exotic, with the real artlst Indlssolubly
stamped 00 every feature and In every
mOYement Of hls nervous hands.
LIKE HIS FAMOUS MOTHER.
ln fact, h?- d-Bttuetly favors hlB reautl
ful and glfted mother. Ellen Terry. He
,. r retfttlar features, her broad nrow
and mobile mouth with the coniers a lit?
tle turned up in wblmalcal fashlon. Hls
are aeml-ohs.ured by old-fashloned
wide-brlrnmed glatses. The funny part
of lt ia that they don't really make him
look a blt older. H1b face Ib stamped
with that same lndellble impresslon of
youth Whlcfa mfrks hls mather's.
Hls halr he neara bruehed atralght back
from hls forehead. and ItValls down well
over hls collar. It think lt is thls ton
aorlal arrangement that makes him look
lihe Liaat, berauao he does remtnd one
of the composer without doubt. Then he
has the tlnlest teeth I've ever seen. I j
quess ho probably had them when he was
a baby, and he's kept them aB momsntos
of bygone nurseryuom.
Hls CaOthaa were rather assorted, for
he wore a stlff-bosomed ahlrt and a low
Watetcoat, with gray trousers. a turn
down collar and B loo:ie bow tle. Over
all thla Braa a gray overcoat. and the hat
he removed on my cntrance was one
Hamaaarateta would batre envied. it was
a round, high, soft felt with a wldo brlm,
a style still favored ly aome artlsta, I be
Meve. and it certainly uaed to be worn by
our great-grandfathers on a fine Sunday |
Well, I hate to confesa lt. you know.
but I'm afrald Mr. Cralg i?aiiy forgot aii
aboul me Sgaln, or else the papers need
..i more etody than ho thought they
would Anyway, ba WOrSfd over them
aoma time longer, thea he pjlanccd up and
caUaThl f'ght of your patlent but deU-r
"Bteaa mv bouI!"' he exclalmed. ln gen
v|in cont.ltion. TIiIb ls dlsgrateful of
me," and hls blue eyes blszcd penftciitly
Bl me from the large eyeglaases. "Now,
pleaaa come aad nit down over here, and
ril ahow roa the aaodela and drawtnga
ioi Ilamiet ' "
Hc placcu me ln front of a row of little
S'+yx.tuxei.^xi&rxtt.*.i>* ?a??iw*aaaa**~* ??ina*a wrwaai i Mja^tsatfawsf
'THE STAGE SHOULD DE LIKE A
WOMAN'S FACh?ALWAYS Trlt
TWO EXPRESSIONS ALIKE."
SAME REALLY, BUT WITH NO
THREE MEN IN iHREE
REMOVE A WHOL.I
| produced there In WO. and I'd llka to
| liave t;,k. n l.v.'Mv."
And. you knos , I bel lid, an.i.
| what'a more, I'm ? hi would liave
stsrved qulte ebaerfully whlle dolng :'
if that bad been necessary. You
..'..r.lon Craig has no IMM for tl
. ra ttlcal detalla. <>h for a ban i of ra
ipectally appolnted to come down
and feed th? Gtordon Cralg
"1 have tolled, I a-- Mr Cralg
; Informed me ln ?'? boylsh bursi of confl?
denea. "Why, do you K:" w, ts
BgO I eouldn't draw at Sll
j ago 1 eouldn't express myaell In wrltlng
i I reinember I went to mj i ?ther i'i de
spalr and told her I'd nev. r . hi. ve whai
I wlshed. because Vd netn r bi
.:, monstrnte to people the eflicscy of my
?You must: you must!" Inslsted mj
mother. dlamissing the BUbje I ?ith ftrm
I guesi he drew more encouragemenl
from the maternal fount, for be ' i
I ooka to hla credK and a thlrd on th<
Way, and his drawlnss and models show
more than ordinary technlcal skill an.i
??You spoke of the Greek drama, Mr
Craig." said I. "would you advlse a ,
return to lt?"
"Oh, no; not rltogetr.. r. It'B no naa to
m now. The Greeks were Qulte dtffaronl
from us. They had other ideas. were dit
ferent In buiVd, tn voice and throai Why
, Bhould we return to their effOltal Wi.at
I i mentionsd was approval of thetr lack of
accnery. But we must have a Behool of
?ur own. Lot lt he an herolc one hy all
: riean- hut our own. Their oPen-alr thea?
tre idea appeals to ,ne. lf I were a mlll
(,.. ;,ire I'd hulld a hundred open-alr th. .
troa ln Kurope and take my CUO fiom the
! Bun what dramas to play in them. \\ bilet
we're under the influence of artihclal
lught hOW can nature tolereU the BtSg< I
All that can hear the test of tne open
alr and the sun ia good to l.elong tO OUT
?rt. All that cannot must go. Rouge and
pOWdaf are out of date."
A DIFFICULT MEMORY.
He had forgotten me ngaln and hls face,
wore b mystlc look. I hatad to jerk him
bach to cold reallties. B?t 01 BO
had to for he mtght never hav. come of
his own aeeord.
??Why Isn't Shakesreare as lUCCOSSfUl ln
France ns In Germany?" I BBBai ln my
The Keformcr lookad at mn reproa h
fully II*' not loathod leaviag his open
alr theatres. but he pulled himself tOgetb
?f with a fairiy good graoa
1 "Why. Cermat.s are gicat thlnWers ml
| workers you know and they P*
BhakMpeara waodarfully, and the french,
well perhapa th.- rraneb are angroeaed ba
th.ir own drama." And be smlkd as If Ba
. ould say more, but WOUldn't
??1.1,1 you see the Ma. t. rlinck version ot
lUobeth' that was givcn dowu at Ab
de St. Mandrlllo;'"
Mr. Cralg fava another of hla Joyoua
ing laugha which ended tn a jolly
little chu -kle.
"1 ahould think not. indeel." he replied.
; I hav n t time to run up hills and down
a^-ain. foUowlna Lady Macbeth from pii
! lnr to poat and'ehaatng Macbeth for a
j blid's-eye view of his grimdeeds."
Well, as it was done in the open alr," l
retorted, "1 rhould hav.- thought tt aroold
have ii' aaad you. it was a deeldad union
I of BTt and nature."
"\.it a practical rne," annwer. d Mr.
? They ahould have glven tha play
,ii ona pait of the grawnda, not all over
"What ?'o you think of II, rr Relnhardt
! aa a producet of Shakespeur*'.'"
"Ilelnbardt Isn't B produ.er He'fl a fine
Brganlaer. Ba baa the feculty ..f gettlni
rlght man to work for blm Ha ae
.. ;i .i,\..- Bitlat, a gtfted muatdan, n
i tricisn an.i ... opte say a fine
, i: inhsatt productkn. He kuVt a pro*
' due r, really, any more than Frohman ls."
"Ia || true that i ? i 0I
"Nol R Inhardl hln aot,
la not a pro
. i, it they may havi been
?\v .... if 'he
"The Rusaien drama la remart
I am afra d I an wt ar< ln
formed oboui tl bui drama to
i feel, though, thel -
truih Ibsen, for li atanci
"If. hereay to crltlcla Ibei a," I re?
?Tni .. heretle, laugbed Mr. <"raig. then
he added dreamlly:
"We mual all be Mg in trutb tf ae
bleve. Wo rn lat have ideals
< them in tlie beat and highest
way. The mlnute we cheepen our ideals
Now, take tbia great Morrla
dance mwement. A young man lnter
himaell in it from th<- l.ighest m>>
? \,-. i.. tr. and preaerve 'he charm and
beaut] ol theae pegan dancea He went
from vtllega t" villaye all over England
and hunted up th>- men ar.d aronaea who
could dence them. and then hc got them
tog ther and ancouraged them to contlnue
,t:..l to show the art to others, as lt had
been ahown to them. Now, when he
wenta to gHe a apeebtl performance he
can lay uis hand on an Oxford don, a
laborer, a worklng woman, etc. who are
Morrh dencera from lere of it. Then
wnman wh.o says, 'Oh,
let'a make this thing pay:' And ehe
tralns a lot of young men and women
and chlldren in Morris duncing and let.s
them go and perforni *t diff.re.it thea
tr.s had now .t the Snvoy tn the *Wln
ter*a TahV It lan't tbe real thing, you
"Yes. T see." T said. and I thought to
myaelf thal I bad never encountered any
ope v'> sutiiimeiy Indlfferent to the coln
of tlM lealiii as this RefOfflMT. In his
ooda if you pay for a thing lt ceases to
be of value.
AN IOEAL REALIZEO.
Then there bOUndod into the room an
elght*} ?> ai'-oi.i Q oi don Cralg who ls the
moet beautlful young aeraoa rve ever
seen In my life.
Talk aboul your Oreek gods!
You just >\ait tlll tb? one is full eror.n
Blaa and then If he dev< lops Terry talent
and goe.s on the stage then* 11 be aluugh
ter among the matinee glrls.
He didn't speak te BM. He aimply
neetled up to his father and auryeyed me
dlaapprovingly from great bbaa eyea un?
der a mass of curttag dark hair.
"My Boa," aald Mr. Crali eaaually.
"\cs,'' i reepooded., "He'a Bomewhel
like yoil. He tbinba ['? tak.ni; Up o _oou
iieai af your tlma l can aae that."
Reformer amiled nnd uu^ tbeyouag
Adonls l'ain.liarly In tho ribs.
And I sald:
"Hefore I ^o J do want tO ask you
what you think <>f Sir H-i na
produiparf raaaeeaberlag as i .-poke an
old story to the effect that riir Harbert
once talked wlth Mr. Cralg in regard l<>
a productlon. an.l then oalggly helped him
i-elf to th-> Reform.r's ideas.
"Kh? Oh, I doa'l think >>f him at all,"
anawered Mr. Cralg eheerfully.
"Three years agO l was lutter, I must
ndmit, bUt tnat's all over. Tree'a a great
i rodueer, or was onoe, but be*i sold uis
I irthrlght. He's | !lne man pers.-nally.
Vvt alweya iike,i ktra, and he really has
ton. a greal deel for the Knglish stage."
Falrly ma.inanlmous. wasn't lt? And I
"How do you stand on the questlon of
;he eeaaor in Bngland?"
Mr. Cralg liMigheil as he sald:
"(.'.), I'm in fBvor of him for Tngland.
[letberl i BhouM tblnk aol We need
him. VV.'i-e nn iwfully iinmora' lot, you
know. Wa Can't have an) uniisii.il sltua
ttons rraaented t.> us. WVd gi.>at oear
them too much. It wou.l be bud for ua."
ICopyrlght, lyi_, New-Yurk .rlOun*.