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Education for Classes Only? Nonsense! Here's a Workingmen's College
In Fact, There Are Several nf Themin the World
?New York's, Known as "The Rand School oif
Social Science," Is in the Gramercy Park
District and Has a Faculty of Well
Known Teachers and Writers.
IN the Gramercy Pa? I I Of eluba
and etudlo apartmenta aad ejualnt oM
(iwelllrigs, hemmed ln by ikyacraperg
which yet aeeai to reepei an aadent
eentre of Bohemia, tbere ls a browi
front which arouses the BUrloelty of the
ohservnnt pa=serby. TOU 8?OW lt is not
a prtvate home by the auaibaa and sbrt
ef jersons enterlng U. If lt were an
orthodox cbib you would tbat
dalnty young flgure buttonlng her r ovea
ln tho veetlbule in preperattoa for faelng
the autumnai Maota Mayta '.t la aome
thing on the phllanthroplcal M gettk
house ordtr, but y
institutions, like the akyeerepi
dlscreetly on the outablrta aad the fnnges
of Qramercy Fark's BQlect eeatl
Let us badulge it. oae h ranlaa
that Anguatua 7 i '? "n t0
srrant BgrSOBBl lnterviews tO B-d r. ad tbe
nianuscrlpts of all tba hudding dr;.
genluses from flatbuah
wberefore his doorbeii is buay tuid Gus
tells his eallere that he Ir po?
litical principles are sound whlcb meani
thev must vote for the p-a-rtv of-.
And now. boldly croaelng tne stre-t. we
deecry a sm iii beaea pleta haaerlbed "Thi
Rand School of Boclal Bclenee." 'Tis at
No. 140 Kast :9th street, abe ll as far from
Third avenue as you can carry one of
t-.ose c_rved, undercoat palls of refrcsh
ments whlle re'aining the pristlne crown
AN AMERICAN MODEL.
We road the slgn, and still we must in
qulre Its meaning A benevolent person
wlth a bushy be.ird, one of the elder
etateamen or Gramecy Park, pausea cour
teoualy and Informs us tiiat tnls ls a
worklngmen's college. modelled somewhat
after Kuekln College. at Oxford, and
yet more like the Soeial Democratlc
School ln Berlin.
Is lt possible! 'Odds botfdlkins, and also
eounde! What mlght a worktngmen'a ool
Uge be doing In tbia oeela Of art and
clubdom* Kight ln tbe BhadoW of Mr.
Thomas's Dutch f a . ioo and the
quarters of tlie I.lberal Club and the
dovecote of the i- ar.d
hardly anj from that
aquare of greenswarj Whlch is fenet
paulocked agalnal .hc multltude in the
manner of dear old Ixmdon.
Well. yOB sea, lt ls DOt exac'v an _i
trusion, though lt may lo k it. Tho Rand
Bchool used to be in the dlatrlct, evi
the aame street, and Juat behind the Na?
tional Arts Club. It was forced out of
Its old quarters l;.st spring hy tho a
of a re?1 Intruder- one ol those sky
?crapers?and has just moved into
and permanent home.
Whom yoii come to know all the facts.
y.ni perceive that the worktagpien'a col?
lege ls qolta B| ely 1 ?cated. In?
stead of detraettag froai tba ojualltl.
the nelghhorhood. it adde a certain fl
and ptetuTesqueneea It is a aort of club
as well a* h ? .1 or college. It ls a
meeting place for the left wing in art,
left WlBgera ilocking to thelr na.ural cen
m. from ; remote as Staten Isl
and, Kansas and Oregon.
A MELTING POT.
ln the leedlng room, or the cosey Httlo
baaernent reetauraat >
of vehermnt and amazing VOCabu
men who wrtta hot utuff for I
magazlr.es. artlBU of repute, wbo a
the negllgee tradltlon; unlvi
feasora, trades unio. . agltatora
and __eeella?eoua oa
ln fact, it ih the i,-. Iquartera for all
the Bonooaformlata bi I ?
meaning thercby tbe
Blve splrlts ln evry dOUU-fl i
Booner ot Utter avery
croBBes the threshold of this
The vlsitora come to raeelve i '
lnformatlon. to exchange views or a.
a little uplif*. Sometirnes tbey are on the
romantlc errand Of peC-tag OUt a llfa
partner of the BOBeoafenulat t],
attractivelv portrayod b_
Shaw and so dlfflcult to _ad !n a small
MUsourt town. The BUC. eooee and fa
of these romantlc aeokera WO ?
etory in themselveB. Writera and artists
have also found here tbe modi la foi
creations. and aom- BB looking
for "materlal" have b Into
"materlal" by tbe* ? vhtlms.
As an educutional c ntre. the Rand
Bchool ls one of the most useful inriu
encea ln New Vork. aeeordli I
feseor F. W. (Hddlngr. ^f Columbia l.ni
versity. who ha ' a K?od deal ot
hia spare time to cl I tbe work?
lngmen's college. Beelde Piofeaaei
dinga'a lnstructlon in BOelelogy. tba school
has had the benefit of otaeeaa in I
? by Professor <?),?? i * Beard and of i><- ?
logical leeturea by I
Crampton. both of Columbia. Profeaaoe
Beard was formorly eoam Rua
kln College, at Oxford, and wb.
over here he belped to Rand
Bchool on Bornewhat sunilai Bl I
A FORMIDABLE LIST.
Other members of Iba tooehtng s?nff
have been Robert W. Kruere. Morrls IIIU
quit. John 8pargo. Qoorgi R Klrkpatrlck,
Meyer' London nmi Cbaiiotta Perklns OI1
jnan. Reeent addltions te tbe fBeulty ati
Vr Helen ML Sumir.fr, fOrUMf blOtrUCtor
ln the Cnlversity of WlaeoaolB BBd BOl
laborator Wlth ProfOOOOra t'ommone and
By on tha eaeyclop?dk Tnduetrlal Hla
lory of the Unlted Btatea" and Mr?. MM*
?i. fctern. who la the tranaletor >->r R.-hei's
The list ? ? aal leetuiera at the
school la both latereet!ag and imposing.
It Includes PTOl ' ?" ~'. Ward. of
Brown I'niversitv; ProfOBBOr Vld.i Bcud
de.r. of Welleeley; Prefeaeora Robrneon
m'd siovsnn. of Columbia; Proi
Charles ZeubllB, Dr, Alfred B. Zlmmem,
of Oxford: Dr. Alberl Buedekum, of i>r
many; V alra Her
Kelley, Ketr Bardle, M. P . Keglnald
Wrlght Kauffman, A. M. Simons B_d
Jack London. If any workingman can
lleten t< thls array ef telent 'aml full to
get uplif i ? ? It would ? ? ? M.
B waete of time for him "> BM-W any fur?
ther ::tt rnpt at eultUTB
It may be aurni-lfl tt:.r there are gOBM
scKlalista eoaaecled arltli tbe Rand Bei aol.
w?n, y<.u know thi
te.rly peOOtreted Ir.to K.. I
and lt ia not strange tbey Bb?
a worklngmcr.'s oollace. They aaturally
fiock to a centre of eonoo?foraalty Fou
can't keep them out anyhow. lt ls
ter to let them in ;md broedOO thelr
mlnda wlth so. i i all
thoae helpful aubjocl ' ' ?
wlll bo bei.efited by meetlai here aueb
conservatlve writera as Eugene Wood,
. Allan L_ Fenson and
aell, not to mention
Bo lt Oeorge AHan
England snd Arthur Bullard.
and flctionlsts drift \
d oul of the wcrklngn.en'a oollege
ln a qulet. unobtruslvi way, abeddlng a
i,,)_. ? itriafl radlance ln their j
wake, i. any ordinary college tiiey,
woul i be rewarded for th< ?? g< nial ser
yj . | , t| nenoement, and j
? hneeure lecture
cbalra. That l at>
eount of tha bii h coat of ahei i Bkln and ;
the lli rm< ? I '?! lh( Inatltutkm. ,
: y Mr. Carnegie or Mr. I
make lt posalble for the J
qulre al' the
apj urti nancea of a c<
it.- i r.'i'. r place in tho ap >: t- .
aomi thing to be .1. -
m tna ntbl<"
_ w'ith the
(low, ver, tl.. ;ions h?
lltterate us Tak<
tlsta liko ?rt Young Snd
H\an Walker, Halfour K. r and .lohn
Bloan and _nton otto Flecher. They
, ,.n.. round lunehoon
or dinner time, nnd whlle thay look and
ta k mostly Just llke other people there is
B BUbtle something of atmoaphere dlS
seml: I ' ' ? m. Once in a whlle thi y
hn persuaded to donato something more
than attnosphere, aad l
?r the school raataurant bloaaom
Wlth thetr drawlngs and works ln oll,
whereupon n:-t crltldam aupen
humim,' Issues of BOdology and science.
Cnfortunatery the pictures are not al?
lowed to stay a?; pirmaiunt d. corations
of the worklnymen'a c
ART FOR THE STRIKERS' SAKE.
bt yera for the I
ra' fund oi that, No
ame time the college ought to
Wbi l ? atnurant is out of
as In the reosnl temporary <.u
qull i '
the ? >n< Ile revolutlonary
nnd '? lll of fare, ti.e
? ni Rand Behool life is ln tbe II- |
brary and i
grouj ? '.". a around the
; irati ! arlor,
hut these booka and certa n lo imi nta In
of auch u soit that apeclal'
ra come her. from i.n otrer tbe
country to eonault them. it has beoome
.. ..?. ? "if
you can'i lind what you WBnt ln the Con
ry or tho New York I'ub
i_ rar; trj tl Rand Behool."
Many of I rn booka Bl ! BUtO
the school by
thi Ir suth. ? mber
l by suthora or
booka are labor, in
tlon Ti.. n are
magaxlnea an.i newspaperfl almost as
from the worlt i: ? i :-- '??
?: is not usuall. ' '.'?? ?
A DEMOCRATIC LIBRARY.
Ar... on< wbo i omea along Ii
to mi idlng
room, i tid ' pon making a small di |
ke home bo<.k_ from
thi circulatlng department At tbe en
to the readlng i ?? are
? ? on bbJi .
Alao, ? desks of the <
.' tbe Rand Behool, Alger
. 11. Mailly.
The cducational dlrector has r.o aca
Preaidcrvt N?w York'9 VJn.q\xai Conuge* for w'orkir^men.
ltor of Socla'ist and labor newapaj er?.
In addition to hla present duties as col
Ident, he is a member of the ed
Itorlsl stafr of "The Metropolltan M
? and wrl . s the I the
Tlmes" department, merly
?? Wllliam M
1 ? . luct of the Iflddli
? ? n"-' Ip
tha Dnlvi r Itj of ? ' ?
. : Bla yeara H< recelt
maiks for evei | thing exi epl matbet
and football, In whi i wna ai
:t t. t.i! fallure ii may he av nl
? . ( n the , al U.
foi ii or make an after dlnni r sp< i
h.isi a well hs tdj ' s col
Mra Bt rtha h MalUy, tha exo l
aecretary of I
,i wrltar for children, and for
merl; icted a< blldren'a i >?>? In "The
AN ENDOWCO INSTITUTION.
The woi kingi ; :n ;- d
ln 19 ?' '
Oeorgi D. H< rrw I tiu lata Mi ?
r ? !.. Rand, .ughter ad
eontributory fund T - ? ??? the
I endowment ls aupplemented by tultton
fees, <?? ntrlbutlona and other Ineome. PVw
the first I tha WOrll of tlie col?
lege was mainly confln. d to b< Idlng avi n
Ing dasses, attended by raeJdanta of Nen
York ar.d vkinity. Three corresn*
couraaa were estabUahed and s faw ex?
tenslon lectui ...:
Tbe f.. i.
by trori two hundred to three hundred
] . ? BB Of I
Whlle to. ?
dally adaptod for worklng f..lk. who
couid Bnd no oth r time to gnln knowl
c.]_,-(.. the ed of a thoi ?
ough and all >n fca thi a
devote thi to lt There
ill tim- course coveiIng
Several months of study was bogun
Among the doxen odd atudenta who took
thls course, three came from thi* atate,
two from Pei each from
lndiana, North i? ikota. Boutb I
and < lalifornla.
? i enrolment thla
year for thi full time course, which
November n and enda Aprli n
next. < Ti th. td\ tbe '..urse are
i ., avenlng lecl urea (op< i aii o to local
Btudents) .iihI flve oi i
; , making a total of about twenty
boun of claaa work a week. Tbere wlll
alao bi . lecturea, au. nd
lf union rulea were being ?lolated tn the
unount of wora looulrod, A working
r,ien's college OU_ bl ' he careful on thla
i'oint. ir*t it be ?'','bi in tbe a * by a
all the stud-nta
n i trflu At B ? kln i
: : .
.,:?; u waa a moat rei
itrlka In a collegi - ' I happen
I hlatory and
? T.t aeonoml. *. ly and
ma and n form mov?
? Itlng It i
raph) and i
i.e, int. .
,': 1 stei
I workei ted by tba
George 1 k; lt la
not bm ii.t I tlonlsta
? ? I
u Klrkpatrlck I
ScKcol of? 5oci_A
A Cornsr _n Kcauc-ing "Room of the. Workir^TntTt's College
demic tlt.ec or alrs, althougb ho ls re-. at whi.h will be optfonai. Studenta are i ure provid.-i without extra ebatg*. Ou
puted to ba I ' > "H Bcholar and an | expected to spend at least another twenty the question of how much it costs for a
a Ma I -DCrl ln BOCial l.oor science. He !?">"? * w",k ? &?**?*? **** "sndtaf [studcot IO Mve in New York "ln | manner
? t)il(,k : ari(1 t ,?.??. uaatgnad taaaooa, wrltfag t*?ays and pro- that wlll saable him or ber to atudy af.
Ingamlla Bofora ba became presldent of \W** othar ?? |fecttroly," tha Rand Ichool authorttlea
woTkJl ,U,K... ,.?. ,hat ,? To a m,,re |Hynian lt sounds llke a Stiff JBUggest a mlnlmum Bgura Cd H B week,
hls joh Bl -ount- to-be wisan ed- programme of Btudy. In fact, it scems as and say it is better to have 110. At that,
Ruekin Collcga? n>t
Oxford. TJim Qix?dr*nflt,
there ls not much margln for amusemeots
or clothea or table d'hote dlnnern where
tbey ask lf you wlll havo red or whlte
wine. Nor Is there much left for Beoret
BOdetleB. only that ttem doesn't come ln,
for there are no eecret socletles. A<i for
plays aml coiic.crta, a student can Joln
the Wageworkers' League und get a cut
rate ti, ket for the best performan. ,s In
X.-w Vork. Home gtudaattfl don't even buy
a <nt rate tteket, but get paid for aoetot
play and Opera ln the capacity of supers.
There Is no lack of soclul f<tturea an.l
BBtUBaaaanta in the aabool Itself 'very
little whlle there Is a receptlon r a
(liiiue. to whlch all friends aa well as
students of the Institulon are Invlted.
Tbeee nff;tirs take place ln the reedtni
room llbrarv. and they are about us gay
us if tbe 1'iirtl. Ipanis never heard oi
eoonoaate determlnlsm or delve.l into re
\ li lonlam vernua the catastrophlc iheory.
Th< ra ara ataraya goo.i danoera on hand
end plenty <?f musiciuns.
Ituskln r.dlege, at Oxford, Is a worklng
men'a COtiegOi wlth many qualnt and ln
tereatlng featurea its governing t>ody ls
Compoeed of representatlves of the par
Uamentary committee of the Tredes
t'nlon Congress, the Co-operatlv? t'nlon,
tMe Worklngrnen's Club and Instltute
Vnlon. the Amalgamated Society of El
gu.is, the Northumberlund Mlners' As?
sociation, the Weavera' Amalgamatlon.
ti- Qeneral Federatlon of Trade I'nlons
nnd the. Amalgamatcd Society of Tool
One can Imagine there are few silk hats
.-. BB at a meetlng of Ruakln College trus
tees. 8ometimus a meetlng can't be held
betauae so many of the trustees are out
leading strlkea or battling on the floor of
tht: House of Commons. The college was
founded ln UM, Instead of being flnanced
by a milllonulre lt waa endowed by tha
The Institution Is Akin to Ruskin College, at
Oxford, and Is a Mixture of Club and School
for the "Left Wing" in Art Literature
and Sociology?-Evening Classes
Have Attendance of Hundreds.
pennlea contrlbuted by thousands of trade
B*or exampie. 95,000 members of the
Aa-dgaipated Society Of Lngineers con?
trlbuted eight cents eaeh. niaklng a total
of about JT.OtW. rhe rallway union gave
11 ;0O to the buildlng fund and established
tr,, . scholarships. The weavers and print
ers made donatfotta Most of the studenta
are young tradea unlonlsts who are sent
to the college and have their expenses
paid by the organtzatlons to whlch they
belong. In .some cases the unlons havn
aent marrled men to the oollege and have
taken care of thelr famllies durlng theli
At flrst CU-MBQIfBtlre 0_ford laughted at
the worklngmen'a bMtttotton, then it be?
gan to take ;m Intereet in lt, and flnally
, profeeeora of the unlveratty odtared thelr
i aervlccs and onenod thelr lecture rooms
to the Engllahman?that students "ahould
not speak at the Martyrs' Memorlal."
Maybe the martyrs are those blshnps they
used to burn at Oxford.
The complete coet of reeldence at Rua
kln College, lncluding board, lodglnsr and
educatlon. is about |2tS0 for the se:;slon
of forty-four weeks. For a less period
the charge ls around p> 2.'> a week. The
low eost of obtalnlng culture ls partly u
plalned hy the fact that the students do
nearly all the housework and other labor
In the college. No servants ai? kt 11 . x
cept a cook and an asslstant. Kvery
soeker or knowledge ls expected to work
at cleanlng and other Jobs two BOBfl a
day and to take hls turn as "delegate."
"Iheee requirements se?m rather aprro
I.riate for a worklngmen's college. They
spell democracy as well as economy, and
obvlate the need of an athletic equlp
ment. Of course, the detalls of dolng
housework may lack somewhat in g!a
mour, and to take up the scrubblng bru.h
after readir.g Wllliam Morrls's ' 'News
from Nowhere," ls apt to grate Bgea the
sensftlvt- splrlt. On the other hand, there ls
a feellng of indepeudence ln being your
own Janltor and slavey, not to mentlon
the healthful physical glow that follows
toil. Most of the students are fOOBg
worklngmen from the factories, nelda and
mlnes, ar.d work agrecs with them. Tliev
are no pale, anaemlc types, but ruddy
and robustloua youths.
A TA8K UNDERTAKEN.
There ls a house committee, which ln
truets part of the domestic arrangementa
to the wholo body of reeldent atudents.
Among the detailed rulea and regulationa
lt ls stated that "a weekly Bcrub must be
undertaken hy resldent students" and
that "students shall be knocked up at 7
a. m. by the mornlng delegate." Th?
American reader may 6uspect that scrub
means ablutlon, but he cannot fathom
why it shouid l.e merely undertaken or
attempted. The item on kBOCking _:>
students seems to savor of ii 1
hardshlps bt tortures which wen OMi
ln vogue at Oxford, but which were sup
posed to be abolished in an enll I
era. Another dark detail. per:
tende/1 as humor. ls tlie BflWtCC thal all
atudents take some form of BCtlve exer
Mrs Sftrtka H Mailly
ExacuhV* 5e.cret_.ry T__.nd School
Tto tha prolotarlan students. Dr. Calrd,
the master of Hal.tol, an.l other leading
educators became numbers of the Ruskln
Desplte Its trade union control. lt ls
ofAelally BtatOd tliat Ru.-kiu. whlle a
I achool of dtlaenahlp and publlc admln
| iBtratlen for worklngmen, la "requlred to
I be abaelutely neutral ln all matters of
f,.,,i,,: and party politlea" Tbe eeheme
j of education BBBumea that tba majorlty
, of students iire only tn reOldonea lor one
i year, aad it Inoludea locturea olaag work.
aaaaya and revlalon queetlona Under the
head of BOetOlOgy there are two lectures
weakiy, an.i the effort la made to make
the teacl.lng aetUBl and practl.-al.
PRACTICA VALUE OF STUDY.
Thus the __-tUtiQBI of savago llfe BTB
studied. BOt on account of mv Inberettl
.,.,,.,, t ... bave in tbemaelvea bui that
through tba atudy of theae early und
simpie oondltlona the eomplleated society
of to-day Biay be better OnderOtOOd and
some liKht thi own on hopea of furtlier
I progreea toward bettar conditions of so?
ciety ln tlie future.
in economka tbara ara alao two laeturea
>ja week, and under the "I'xclungo Of
| Weaith" severaLtheortea of value ara _u>
icussed, tncludlng tliose ,i Karl Marx.
Ijevons and Marshall. Under "ProdUC-OU
j of Weaith" in.lustrial coinhinations in
Oreat Brltaln and the Amerloan trusts
1 nre studied. Am, ng essav BUbJeeta tbara
era tbe eSaet of naaehlnery on the work
1 ers, collectlve bargaining and principles
,,f t;^ation. Other leeture aubfeeta are
Kngllsli political and constltutional hla?
tory. In.lustrial and BOOaOMla history, and
Besldes tiie Internal work of the collego
th.re ls an imp'Hant oorrespomb-nee <i.
partm.nt, ln which BO loaa than MN
atudents hava baan earolled la tba past
dozen years. Tiie department begBB with
flve aubject.i and now It has iwenty-seven.
Those who get the hetieflt of an educa?
tion through tlM mails llve In all parts
of Kngland an.l the Continent, and as far
away as riouth Africa, Indla and Aus
tralla. There are a number of Canadian
Bmphaetalng tba ntutrality of the col?
lege ln religion an.l pollties, tlu- admints
trat|on rciuests members of the Instltu
tlon, when gpaahIbg or wrltlng, not to
take the nani,' of Ruskln ln valn. and
furtliei inoic suggests that since studtints
have little time to spare they "should
refraln frorn apcaklng rreo.uer>tly ln pub?
The latter ls an lnterestlng adjuration
and one that lt would ba hardly necea
sary to address to the students of any
other college. There is a special requeBt,
"for reasona whlch are obvloua"?perlups
| cise each day. Thelr two hours' floor
scnibblng may be considered recreatlon.
No Bojuoff ls allowed ln the colleire, no
resident student may stay out for the
' night without permlsslon, and trespass
ing ln kltchen or larders ls strlctly for
The historic strike at Ruskin occurred in
ISO). It was prectpttated by 'he resigna
tion of the popular principal, Dennls Hird,
M A . of OxfOrd All l-.'tures except Mr.
HIrd's Wera hoycotted by the atUdcM-B
; Tho adminlstratlvc authorltles declared S
lockout, but they did not brlng ln any
I strike breakers. After a two weeks' lock?
out the strikers were lntellectually
atairad into suhmission. and the proie
tarlan college reaumed its activltles on a
basls of lawv and order.
Robert W. I'l.ambers, the wrlter, w?S
correctlng proofs at a desk in the Century
"Typographical errors are the lane of
all wiiters, ' he said. "I have never had
very bad ones myself-nothlng Hke the
I one I once saw in the fUBBOBB line:
" Thara arara rooaa stre.w. in my p?tti
"Thls the typesetter tiinu'd to:
" There were roses stiewn ln my vsth
like mu.l '
The other day Mr. Roosevelt was ad
VOCnttOI tha pUltty of the ballot-he'd
BMrttca Ml?lll to hrlng about tha pu:
ity of the bailot.' But in my paper tfcg
typsaattar made it read 'the purlty of the
"I did once suffer myself-not ln a
book. in a speech. I was addre.??dng 'd
Scottish Uterary sodety, and I began with
th.- w. r.is, 'Brlthar laotar
"Bul the typeSOttor made me begln:
?? 'Brlthar Sots'"'
Congressnian Hei.ry was deprocating la
Washington an Internatlonal "mariage
"Two men were talklng about this
marriage cynically hut tiuthfully." ha
said. "The tlrst man remarked:
" 'Of course. the earl won't be able W
support Mlss lxdta Oolde ln tho styM
ehe's been accuBtomed to.'
" 'Oh.' Hald the other. 'her father wtn
make allowances for that.' "
Congresaman Henry gave a grlfh l?u?n
and reaumed: , _ _
"The Hrst man looked thou_rhtful for a
moment. Then he tald:
" Deaplte the stories about the *ar'?
past. It doea seem to me that he'B Miss
Golde's devoted ?!ave.'
"?Oh, yes.' was the other mans repl>.
'he'a esger for the bonds, all rlght'