Newspaper Page Text
Stock Exchange Prices Recover
Losses Caused by Outbreak
j. S. ELECTION AWAITED
When Result Is Known (Who
ever IsSuccessful) a Marked
Revival of Speculative
Activity Is Likely.
I ahle to The Trin
bondon, Nov. 8.?The Bettlementa on
the London Stock Ex.hange and Con
tlnental bouraa were cffectcd last
vee'K without ?crir.us trouMe. Thera
w-ere three small fnllurcs in London,
but al! were of distlnctly mlnor lm
portance. and a general tli.-^i *ition
was bhowa to make mattera eaati
The stock narketa of Europe are
rapidly regnlning th< lossafl CBUaed hv
the outbreak of hoatllltlea In the Bal
kana. th? racwery ,>f confldenea being
due in large meaaure ta tbe rrowlng
bellpf thal the queatlana which
hfpn tht chief ii iee ol dlaturbance la
gorope for aeveral generattona ave
abouv I be pernaanently Bettled. Tlie
rap;d bu< esa "f the alllee revealed a
degree of latt nt 1 ? r in the Balkan
Btatea which hns been hltherto qulte
unpi; . tbe hope is now widely
held tba? a pennanent federation of tba
Balkan States will be accampllahed tnat
wlll flnally put an end to the Near
The evident determinatlon of the Bul
gariar.' to dlctata thelr own terms of
peace ir, Conatantlnoph la caualng
Eome anxiety, but, jud?in_ from the
conduet of tha powen bo farj the feel
lng is gen.rn! that they are little- likely
to offrr more :hnn B feeble opp sition
to th> I of the vtctorloUB and de
termined army, and _ flnal Bettlemenl
of tba mg atandlng Near Eaatern
probtofln and the partltlon of Turkey
WIO be offected by the a ? n the
great poarera, uft-r all their large
word", BCtlng os bnpotent Bpe< t.ttors
U. S. Stocks Bougbt Up.
The aew feeiing of hope is abowa by
the . onsideralde purchanaa <>f Becuri
ties affected last week. partlcularly i>y
Britisi: Inveeton, who bought stocks
. ami who on Thursday. when the
market was weak ln New York. pur
chased large Quantltlea of Amarlcan
atocka Tbat a blg advant a has not
-rej in Amarlcan aoeurltiea during
the last few waafci has reaulted en- i
from the European sltuation nnd j
frc m a deslre to awalt the outcomc of :
?? ? Praaldantlal electlpn.
une of the great undeiiytng factOTB I
' .-rengtli on tbe stock niarkets is tlie j
ablllty, Inidaad the quaal-fcertalnty, I
liat the amount nf investment
?tOttay ln the United States in the cur- ;
rent year will largely exceed all previ- j
ous totals. and th.it as a consequence i
a substantial advance in tlie prices of
stocks ts likely to be wltneBBOd, The
prosperlty of the United States is re- j
fleoted by tiie great expan^ions of the j
earnmgs of Ainarban railways from |
m-eek to week and from month to '
month whkh are BOW being abown.
As soon as the resuits of tbe elactlt n i
on Tuesday ai v known (whoevet is '
auccessful). a marked raoavary in the
niarkets, more BBpedally ln the Ameri?
can market, is likely to be wit:
ln the Money Market.
There was but little change ln thej
condltion of the money market last
week. beyond the rather heavy demand
for short loans on Wfdnesday (Stock
Exchange pay day> and on the last
day of the month. On these days a falr
amount was borrowed from the Bank
ot Kngland at 5>_ per cent to get over
the end of the month.
With the turn of the month the
supplr of call money again became
abundant and day to day loanB are now
obtalnable at 4 per cent and short flxt
uree at 4'4 per cent. Furthermore. the
demand for loans at the Bank of Eng?
land haa disappeared.
The outlook ia now dlatimtly !?ett*r
than lt haa been for some time. The
bank la in a falriy strong position for
the time of the year. The stock of gold
Il more than .$ 17_.,0>*>,000 and tlie re
?erve rnore than $1.''5.00<>.000. and there
? now proapect that the bank wlll re?
al ve a considerable amount of gold
REO U S. PAT. OFFICE
HORSE SHOW WEEK
in smart modes
FOR MEN AND WOMEN
Agcncies in All Principal Citles
B ?? pal ihe Maht l ?oaa B**eea for
DIAMUNDS, PEARI.S. I'RECIOl'S STONES
JBWeil. A.M) SILVER
,. u_i in/.'iit f"r tlie apprsisai
?u\ the dlspo.nl of same.
aii vsiuai.UK i.ft wiu. us are fully cov
"?4 ry lrisurar-.c* wltliout coel lo OM
__ Mitllilt I ONriDKNTIAL.
ROUT OF THE TURKS
TOLD BY A WITNESS
Nothing Like It, Says Martin H. Donohue, Since Napoleon's
Retreat from Moscow?Forty Thousand
|Ry Cebl* to Th# Tnb.ir.e )
London, Nov. 4.?"The Dally I'hroni
. le" publlabea to-day ? *!<?> ia! cable
dlspatch glvlng ? grapbk stury of th.
great rout ,.t the Turkish army. It ls
toid by Martin H. Donohoe, wbo waa
wlth the Turklah troops ln thelr pantc
Btlickta fllKht. There has heen nothlng
lik<- it. he .says. fltnofl Napoleon'a his
toric retreat from MOOCOW. Forty
thousand men. the ftower of tho Turk
lab army, fell and 76 per oent of the
Turklflh gUDfl were captured. Th**
Turkish gencraH ITfl trylng to stem the
pank*, and thfl rernnant of the army is
liiaklnsr a final stand.
li is not expected, however, that
many troopa wlll ever u.'t behind the
line of forts at Tchataldja. Thfl eable
gram is dated Chorlu, November I, bv
motor ear to Conatantinople. It arrlved
there on November 2. nnd waa taken by
boat I.stansa, Rumania, arrtvtng
Uigre at noon on November t, whenc*
it wap cablod to London
iih tanor shov?s that an Irrevoeablfl
? t haa befallen th.' Turkish arn.v
? a terrlble, nppnlllns; defeat. Thla hns
heen followed by utter eonfualon an.l
i. .. rout, for whlch thera ia flcaroely
.. parallel In history. The rout, whlch
ln its lattoi etagea degenarated into a
wlld panle and atampade. qulckljr com
munlcatad itself to the whole dghtlng
Four Army Corpa Decimated.
"An I wire." says tlu dispatch. 'four
fine onrpn formlng Ahdullah's splendld
army lln hattered and dectmated. The
defenslvo llnes i.ed pellmell bef.-re the
ndvanclnc Bulgara it hai bean the
most compiete military disaster aince
IfOUkden, the greatcst dcbaele since
Sedan. Forty thousand men. the flow
er of the Turkish troopa, have fallen,
while Ahdullah himself narrow 1> (?
capad the aama fata.
"His ni(n seeined to mall away s,.d
denly. like Know before a aummar BUn
The dlslntegratlon once I.egun soon be
< ame generai. Brlgndea dlssolved Into
reRiments, regiments into companics
and companles became small groups,
until all coheslon dlsappeared and the
demorallzation was omplete. By
handfula the army found Its way bsck
to Tchorlu, tha Bulgarlan artlllery
cruelly barragalng them and mowlng
them down ln thousands.
"For a like disaster one is COmpelled
to turn to Napoleon's mcmorable re?
treat from MoacoW. I have seen many
i-ampalgns, but this is the ilrst time I
have boon wlth I beaten and fltielni?
army. and tbe terril.l" floenea I have
witnessed have burned themaelve Inl
"In order to avoid ...nfusun I v Ul
make elear the posltlon of th'- Turklah
for. e. After Ktrk-Klhsseh the Turka
had retreated southwest and taken up
a r.ew line. Itfl left wing. formed :
the Fourth Oorpfl under Abouk Fachn.
OCeupled Baba Kskl nnd the heights
weal of Lule Hurgas. Neatt .ame the
First Corpa under Favir Pacha, Thfl
Turkish line ran then.e to Bunarhls
sar. round whlch lay the Becond Oorpa,
under Nazir Pacha Al the extrene
rlghl Rank. wlth Ita baaa al Vlaa, waa
the Thlrd Corpa under Muktar Pacha
"Early on Tueaday ihe Ptourth Corpa,
on thfl extreme left found ttseif hotiy
engaged wlth the enemy. The Turks
held the llne on the hllls west of Lule
Hurgas Tl.e Bulgarians, advancing in
large numbers, strongly supported l.v
artlllery. speedlly dTOVfl bark the Turks.
who retired In the dlrectlon of Lule
"ThroughOUl the terrlble rtghtlng the
euperlorlty of the Hulgarian artlllery
was very prooounced. The Turks were
unable to Btand the murderous flre
and wlthdrew slowly. Thelr gunners
being dead and the majorlty of the
horses killed, the artlllery waa forced
to abandon many guns io the enemy.
"The Bulgarians, who dlsplayed ?_?
traordlnary energy. preesed forward,
determlned to make the most of thelr
advantage. Hy afternoon the Bul?
garian* had Bhelled the Turka out of
Lule Burgaa. Fortunately, the lnhabi
tants had prevlously Hei, and the loss
of life among non-combatunti thete
fore was lnslgnlflcant.
"Having eflfectually sllenced the flre
of the Turks, the Bulgarians launched
an infantry attack, whlch stormed the
town at the polnt of the bayonct. The
greater part of the Turklah garrlson
had already wlthdrawn.
Caugbt Like Rats in Trap.
' Thoae remainlng as a rearguard were
caught Hke rats la a trap. The men
of UM Fourth Corpa, although with
out food for two days, offered a etub
born but unavalllng reslstance and died
to a man. The vietorloue Bulgarians
next advanced eaatward toward the
rallway atatlon, whlch ln four mlles
dlstant from Lule Burga"- Here they
met aome unexpected raalatance whlch
delayed thelr advance by two hours.
-A portlon of the cavalry dlvlalon
was concentrated here. The Bulgarians.
after holstlng thelr national flag ln tha
prlnclpal mosque. preafled forward full
of daflh. Fully to underatand thlB the
po?ltlon muit be explalned. Lule Bur?
gaa lles in a cup-ahapod depresslon en
clrcled bv hllls. Afl the Bulgar. ap
proached the rallway atatlon they were
Hubjeeted to a aevere and raklng flre
from batterles poBted behind the Bta
tlon and nelghborlng hllla.
"Deadly shrapne! tore through their
ranks V7h*n the confuBlon, eauaed hy
thls unexpected flre. appeared at Ub
height the cavalry under Halis Facha,
dashlng from Its concealment with drawn
swords. shoutlng the* Turkish war 'ry
"Allah Allah." cwept like a tomado upon
the espoeed lafdatry. None oaoMta to>
,,H,.t^d tO wlthstand ?uch an onslaught.
Thfl Bulgarfl turned gad ihe Turkish rav
alry rode (hein down. flgtt-lag .?xtraor
dlnary bitvot In tlielr ranks.
Forward Movement Continuad.
"F.latcd hy theli HICBIflB. the Turks
contlnued the forward movement. but
suddenly found thamaelvea exposed o
the llre of Hulgarian machlne guns ln
flectkma. Thls surprise attack brought
t both Turka and their horaaa tumonng io
I the ground. a U>rn and mangled BUUa
1 i'\ ? .,f tboee gailant fellowa ever eame
; back, bul t'i< -? found a berotc ?
radng down th>- bard and ataay '
toward the enemy.
' Bvents aaeeeeded each other ln ata l
j ling successlon. The Bulgara, recovorlag ;
, from th.- temporary eheck, roshed for- j
ward haavy artUlery. and the remalnlngj
aurvlvore of the Turkish garrtson beal ?? ?
haaty retreat in tne dtrectlon of Lulej
Hugas rallway station.
The unerrtna alm ol Um Bulgarian ai
tlllery, however, cul abort lha retreat, and
yery few of ihe Turka eecaped aa they
croaaed lha plaln on thelr way lo the
eovei offered bj the nelghborlng hllli
??it was noa tiu turn of Ihe Turkl h
I artlllen Tbe town waa occuplod onlj
^ by Turkiah dead aad lha vaagaard of tha'
enemy. The Turkiah artUlery, from ..
poaition behlnd Lole Burgaa accordlngly
opened a heavy flre on the town. itifllrt
j ing aevere loeara on Um enemy Bhells
i : tined in Lule Burgaa houeee were de
atroyed, and those Bulgariana nnharmed
b) ahella wera btdlng or Injured by fall
"Meanwhlla lha Bulgarian artlllen hadl
nol beea Idla The Turkiah poaltlona I
were hadl] rhnsin. Inaamuch as they
were eapoead ami praetlcally wit
cover, whlle no aheltei trenches had been
made for the aupportlng Infantry. The
reeult of this artlllen duel was deddedlj ,
favorable to the Bulgariana and cauaed
heavy loeaea to the Turka.
"On the other hand. the ?evere bom
l.ardnif nt to which Lule Burgaa had been
aubjected b> tha Turka led to it." tem?
porary evacuation by tha memj.
Advance More Rapidly.
Toward i vening the Hulgarlan ad
vattce became more rapid. I_irge bodles i
<f infantry. aupported b\ gui.s. pushed
fnrward with IncrediMe rapldlty, nnd. to
tha amawment of the Turkish staff, tha
Bulgariana ocr_pi?<i artUlery poaltlona
which had apparently been pravlOUBly BB
Thr batterlea took np poaltlona as cool
ly as If they WOTC engaged In nian'?',nr.'^
I ln peace time. and Wbea tliey hafl the
I range of the nelghborlng hllls to a nlcety
? the marksmanshlp was etiperb and mur
"The coniniauder-in-rhlef watched the
Iflgbl from the baigbta near tiie village of
j Batlkeul. due eaet of Lule Hurgas.
"Aa he obSSTTed the Turkish artlli<:>
i and Infantry being mowed <lown hla fB ?
| for the flrst time In tbe engBgomcnt gr< a
I anxlous. The Turkish artUlery bad from
t. ? iieKinning been poorly aupplted ?itn
Iammualtlon, aad what they bad wa*
\ praetlcally all espeaded ln the llght of tn
mornlng. Now many of the gunnera *t.t
around their etnpt> llmbera with folded
aims unabie to reply to tba Bulgarian
I tire They awalted <ieath. which cam?
swtftly in most cri?-s. witii irix Ottoman
"Along ti.e whole TurklSb front IhS
? troops wtre harassed by a terriMe tlre.
j As time went on. it became atmply a ear
] nage. Men were f_!lm_ ln hundred* Tne
morale of the troopa was complef-h de
appalllag ordeal ef
"When night eloeed In on the dedmated
Tuiks it brought a Bhorl resplte to Ab
dullah's army from ahol and ahell lf
nothlng eiae. Um men badl) oeaded ?ie.;.
anu food. hui th>- Turkiah commIaeertal
ls non-exlatent. and ther.> was no food for
them, and aleep waa Impeaslble, im the
puraulng Bulgariana aeemed endowed arlth
i elentlesa force .*nd energ)
'Turkish Oead aiul wounded la
wh4Be. They encumbered the ground i"
aii dlrections Doctora wen fea and "'
ambulancea thera ??? absolutely n?n>
The dead lay where the> had failcn.
"Bome attetnpt wa madi !?? remove
,.? .1 iui < oi the "? ind< d bul the y;r'-.c. \
portlon perlahed mleeraWj during thi
blttei coid of th.' night ?oma draggod
tbernselvea palnfully along.
Manv. unabie to trawl furtbot OWlng
to phyateal weakneaa ist themaelvea
0B1 the ground to perlafa or fall lnlo thi
iiands ot Bulgariana
"Fur peraaps an houi th* retreat waa
carried out ln no<?'. order, hut subs
quently, praassd bj the mass behlnd, the
VangUard Speedlly loet all semhlance to
an OrgBataod army and the nn n ?
doned their haveraaeka, tiiks snd all
"Two iiours after auarlse tba Bulgariana
(<bta:ii.il Information of what wah liap
penlng In the ranks of Abdullah'a army
and started in pursuit
Retreat Becomes a Rout.
Tbenoeforward tbe retreat aa
verted into a dlsorderl) roul BaktskoJ
waa ape__u> occupled by the Bulgariana
praetlcally wltliout a shot being ftred ln
ita defeaca Baggaga guna aaulpmeni
and all the mllltary stoi<-s fall into tha
baada ot the parauiag Bulgariana
"I myself lost ni>' horse and fl ouantity
of stores whl< h I had been lncautloua
enough to bring forward with me on Wed?
neaday. My own positlon BjTBW mote perii
ous eat-h Basmsat My motor car bsoama
Involved ln the tlde of the mam streani
of tlie retreatlng Turks, which flowed ln a
long. aaevan UM a'ross the plaln as far
as the eye could see.
"Thoae of tlie rabb'" alm could get
near the car begged for bread which
I waa not in a positlon to supply. To
these BUUOBSflBfl BOMtofB with ugly
wounds and facea BWoDen and dlstort.-d
with paln until they were scarcely tec
ognlaahle as those af human belngs.
"Seeing the CfBBeent badga on my
arm, they Jurnped to the conduslon
that 1 was a doetor, and lmplored me
to dreaa thelr Injuries. I happened to
have a pocket medicine chest with me
and a surgiial case. but water to waah
the wounds with was lacklng. As lal
?h the small supply of llnt and ban
dages would go 1 npplied first ald to the
more serlously wounded in thls dismal
"What few ambulance wagons existed
had broken down or th* horses were
miealng or flhot, consequently those
who were wounded but who could walk
were left to shlft for themselvea. llmp
Ing forward uaually with gaplng shelt
wounds la the head or the upper part
of the body. P^ventv-flve per cent of
the wounded Whom WS saw making a
last effort la aavs themaalvaa had been
bit by shrai-n"! Thla beara stoqaenl
testimony to the murderous preclslon
of the bulgarian arlilkry.
-The i-numy _ guns had been draw
Ing nearer nnd nearer to our rnud im
prisoned auto and We despalred af ever
escaplng. By n_.n shella were whlatllng
round us and struck down some un
happv fugltlve wounded who were
?traggltng m the rear. The guns
raached our car hy 1 o'clock. when |
riMllfl began faUlag in the vklnity of
our auto, varying the plnp-plng of the
rille bullets. Fp to tben our efforts to
extrtcate the car had been valn
"At the moment when the sltuatlon was
.'.-,. k.-st thrc span of oxen attached to
i v. atfon hove in slght over the crest ot
the riuce whh-h sheltered us from thfl
enemy's gUimen. Three palrs of eager
arm? ;>tret<-heu toward the wajron Hn.l un
bl(t*hed tha oxen before the a?tontsh?d
drlvei aithoul any pr.-liinlnnrles. and at
tarh.-.l them to tbe ear. The poor brutes
?tralned at the jroke hut the rop?s held.
tne iiutr. h.uinded forward and we were
fiec. Abaadonlag all our stores we
mounted and da.-h.-d away out of range of
tl" Bulgarlan artlllery. after glvlng the
own-i >.f Ihe oxi n nn adcquate fee for
hla tlnu ly help.
Ready to Burn Automobile.
"Al mv aarnaal appeal soldlTS turned
aslde ;,? in tbeU weary road and at
temptcd f? help us. A whole dolfell llt
l? 111 th. Ir ahOUMerfl to the gntOlM
blle'a wheels. but, phygtcaJly enfeebled by
wanl oi food, the;. w*-re unahle to move
lt an Ineh. Having exhausted ln these ef
forlH 'I'-'r dtmlrdahed ".trength, they sank
,|..\ ., '.??;,!<? >h. iiiot.r ali.i remaln"l
ther* ' "apturc now secmcd inevitahle.
and in despelr of *aclng the equipment
they declded t" burn th? motor rather
than permit it tn .".>' into tbe benda Of
li'? rapldly advancing Bulgars
"I pot mv spar< tin:: o' benstne under
I;... chaaela and :"">i ready to apply a
match. PUUl, the ehauffaUT, a IVenrh boy
whom ' found in Constantinople, was
overcome witli -.rr..w and despnlr. He
bbI treeplng, and, tbea puiiing out a r?'
... ... di.liir.'l he would dle by tt^e
slde of th.- m..tor If It had to ba ?'f
atroyed, he sald. bc would b'.ow out his
braln* Each moment w-.> experted would
be our laal ">*< laared being struck
dow ii by shrapn.l
"Wednesday n.tiled the fate of A>*.ui
lah'a army. Hla force' rould no longer
flgiit II bad nelther ammunltion for ltfl
guns IM>r food to sustaln the physlesl ef*
fort? of the aoldlera The pttiabie pltKht
of the Istter brougbl to light every mo?
ment the Mdeoufl defectfl tn the army's
"lt ...-. upled a .apital line of hattle
with a great flourlsli of tnimpeta, hut
was ill prepared for the berenlean task
bf for- lt of ronquerlng the highly tralned
and efllclen! Hulgarian army Wlth tTUfl
Orlental Optlmiam the wls.arres at ("on
Btantlnople looked upon suppllee and am
munltlon as mere superflultles. They con
aequently mad- no arrannements to keep
up a aupply of abell and cartrldres.
"Th.- itrops Ineapa. Ity and muddllng, ir
Ihey hava uoi brought death te the TnrK
lah natlon, have reaulted !n appaliin* dis
aetor to Ita army. Mintary meflfcteaey also
!., . 1 u Ki"(it pan ,n ,np catastrophe.
"Hlatory repeated Itaelf tn the Tkraetan
plain Abdullah'a army. tlie 'hat of Nap
oleon III. naa declared t.. t.e ready down
io thfl i*M button of the last galter,
whereaa, ln reallty. I waa bapalanly ?ie
? in everythlng regulatta for tha
equipment ol a moflarn anaj goiag lata
Tt?,. ali . ,,ii kns?Bclency oi
1 mw some eompaalefl of
Turklah regbneata golng Into aetlfln wlth
onl) tw.. ofl
-On thfl ia*>t <iays iighiing i came
.. Inal uv ? i of isaaivaa tgno.ant of
the manlpulatloa of the merhanlsm of a
Ma bm i riti- Aaatottaafl BMatly us? mui
/?. InadftVs, and 'md never st?n a maga
le, 'Ih.-lt treagoafl had ta oe luaded
i.\ offlcer .T v bettfli lafltrueted rum
'Even arhlla thelr ammunltion lafted
tl.cn nre was utterly valueWfla Th'-y
hlgb or too low. Wh?n tlu
hullel did not go in thfl dlrt-ctlou of the I
?kv lt found a Mllet in the body of some
nl rl -t.uie i-omrade "
The corraepondenl of "The Tlmea" arlth |
N../..H1 Pacha'i arm) paya trlbota to thej
??. I attle of Lule
ln all m) long axpi rteni c of the nu?
,m..N. eonea .-f war 1 have obterved
nothlng "ner than the utlrement of the
- infantry. Ju*t an they sauntere.l
Into action ao thoy aaunteref out. boneatb
b terrlflfl flri from thfl Bulgarlan artlllery.
? ti.i ? naa no mass rort?atlon in the
retlremenl It aaomad gfl if sudd?nly the
irholfl land bad oeeamfl pxplfld Tbemoa
arere ln hundreda, but they w>re all ?t~
ken oui ln ironderfal extension. They
Ht.,.,?e.i te egrt nothlng for the raln of
metal whlcb BWept down on theni. Nor
.(.iil.l I s??. that the fearful storm of
vhrapnel did any great execotloa among
Ih.". men, arboaa ^teps lt rould not even
v .,,,., n?v | The cerreapondeai ol
Ihe ?i:.'i.hsl,..si" wlth the nulgartun
arm) aaya thal the retraattafl Turks have
coromlttcd horrlble savagerles All the
vlllagea nflta burnod and all the t'hrn
Usna butcherod Bany of the aroman
v., ra mutllatad
Thfl Turkisii aimy, sa>s tba oarraapond
enl la retroatlng on two llnes- through
Tchorlu and U-OSt ol' Heral Supported by
,.? Ktrlval ..i two Turkish divisions flraat
of lauandta and at Teherkeeakeul. tba
Turka hegaa to rally la part yet II i
doubtful wbether any conflldtrablfl por?
tion uiii nieceed ln airiviiu, behtad Um
Thfl Bulgarians aie trjing. by throwlng
BUI advance post^ through Heral. Istran
dla an.l Karajukeui. to dlvert the Turks.
Thelr advance was d.layed hy the flght
Ing ln thfl fo^em rogloa to the Boutheast
of Vlafl, but after the Turks ln that reglon
w. i.- burled lack the advance waa con?
tlnued with the ure-itest energy.
Tha oortflflpoadfliit flggerlhflfl the Buigar
contampt f?r 'leath as hordenng on
frtniitl.i^i i. Ile saw two l.attullonaeharg
ing through UM open country ln the face
I of a murderoui flhrapoet flra, WBt+ rent
great gapa, bui thfl stormlr.g partv never
ktogped The gapfl Wflri nlb-d an.l tho
', ebarge contlnued
i .tin Khud.ier." nfldfl the Dorraoponfl
[,.?,. "at this .-iwe-lnsplnng and supirb
j Slght"_. _
DEFEATED TURKISH ARMY
MAKES ITS LAST STAND
Fighting All Along the Line
from Tchorlu to Serai?
sotia Nov. .T-Plghtlng is proceedlng
1 all along the llne from Tchorlu to Beral,
where the remnant of the defeated
Turkish army Ih maklng a atand.
I Reporta contlnue to clrculate that
Adrlanorle has fallen, but there lfl no
conflrmatlon. Thla Turkish atronghold
has been aubjected to a vary aevere
bombardment, and the lateet omclal
advtCM are to the effect that Bulgarlan
I shells ar.- itHI ?""iK dropped Into the
There ii nauch Blatlon here over tho
! bivaluablfl ptrlcag thraugbout the ?ar
of the Bulgarian avlators, who feaa
lessly exposed themselvea to the Turk?
ish ttre In order to secure lnformatlon
for the atoff. Wlth the exctptlon of
PopolT all eBcajoed unhurt.
I ontiniird fr?im flr?t p.i.f.
last llne. nt Tehataldja, There the
Tirkish troops intend t<> make B su?
preme effort to Bava the capit4tL
Reports place the Turtflsh less -al
more than 2O.OU0 killed or wounded.
Constaiitinoi.il' is m ;, f,.\er ol
dtemenl over tbe report* from the
fleld of battle. Forelgners and nattvea
alike are fluffi ring from th- tenslon
caused by tbe Bertea of mllltary dav
aatera, and although th.'' city is in a
state of siege. . rlme in Bome auartera
ls unchecked. Many famlllea are leav
ing the elty
The people ("car. first. an outbreah of
Moslem fanaip ism by the turbulctit
eiements, the lower claases, and, see
and, n rWng of hordea of maddened
aoidiers, wim are balng drlven bj tbe
Rulgarians to make their IflLBt sUnd a
few miles outslds of Conatantlnople,
and then. perhapa ta fall back on ths
The batth BtlU contlnues oa the
plains of Thrace, and if :h- Turkish
soldiers fall back within th.. g..
the it>? it is i. ired th.it t)ie\ may turn
their guns and bayoneta ? n tboas who
are awaltlng hera in trembltng tbe oul
come nf the confllct.
There is .1 large ami unruly elemenl
of the poi.ul.iMon whkh would be glsd
of any pretezl for maSBBCTS and pll
lage. The preaence of more than 10,060
Moslem refuge*. from th" war sone,
who have 1' ii .mi their posaaaslons,
Bdda to the dangar of the aituatlon.
Rumor> are currenl thal tli.; Young
Turks Committee may ^t.irt rioting.
with ths objed of overthrowing the
government. bul there hsVS beea BO
tangible proofa of any such plan. II
ls doubtful whether a rising would be
dlrected Sgslnst forelgners as much as
nattva Christlan* but tbe danger to
forelgners h very real. If the Turkish
army sustalns complets defeat, tha
llves and property Of ilmusands ol for?
elgners. bb well as natlve Cbrl
will be ln Immlnent peril.
The prseencs of forelga warships is
of the gnat<st Importancs, and would
be the surest guarantee of the securlty
of forelgn Interests and publlc ,,rder
generaiiy. Ti.e govsrnmeni has made
more seven- the Btats of BlSgs; strong
patrola drcuiats tliro'igh the streets
and tiie police hav. received ordera to*
usb tlie utmoet rlgllanca and ral n ? i
a brlgads of Infantry has beea duv
patcbed to Tchataldjs arlth orders to
prevent all fugltivss, partlcularly
soldiers, from procasdlng to Constan-1
tuiupie, but it is queetlonable whether
the brlgade, uader certain oondltlona,
could carr> OUl BUCh an order.
(?n Thursday the dipiomatu repro- |
BbntaUvsa of all the aattons beld b con
farenca, Jusl what massures wars da- I
Clded upon i- n"t known. bui ths Aua ?
tnan Ambaasadsr vlattad the Fort
Mlalstar and called attentlon to the
dlequletude oa tho part of for.ig:i r
dents reejn i tlng thelr Bafi
The defem ea al T< hataldja hav.- tn en
repaired and Btreagthened, and during
the last few davs manv gUDS lUIVS bSSB
na .i ted there. Bul lf ths Turks ara
beaten at T bortu and Tchsrkssskeul
an effecth ? reslstan i a i ag
llne of fortB Is Improba
TURKS LOSE PREVESA
Athena, Kov. 3/-Tbe llreeka bava
captured Pre a, u foi llfled tou n la
i:pirus, on the north ilda to the en
tranos of the 'lulf of Arta. The Gr< i k
troops entered the town at 4 o'cU* k
this afternoon Aboul nooa tba ?;reek '
squadron, wbich has been blockadlng
the porta, Benl two gunboata ? leared
for actlon Into ths liarl or, bul no rs- '
ntstance wns offered
Belgrade, Nov ?"? Klng Petei ls eg
pscted to retura t,. the capital eh< rtly.
Tiie Bawspapera exprega ths opinion
that the kings of tlm f.mr allled Bb
will meet at ths conduslon of the war
either at Ath< aa or Etofla. If la und. r
Btood tiiut ths touiiiiK s.b.-ion of the
National Asai mbl) wlll vota b blll an
Bsxlng tha captured dlstrl ta of Novl
pasar, Kossovo, Kumanova, ITskuh,
Veles, Prlshrend and Dibra 1