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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 06, 1912, Image 8

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iVftolltrrk (Trihunr.
WEDNK5DAY. NOVEMBER 6. IBtB,
Owned and r-ubll.hed dally by tha Trlbune
Aaaaclatioa. a New York corporat.on; Ofd?
Jamea M. Barrett. Treaaurer. addrew. Trlbune
Bulldlng. No. 154 Naeaau etreet. New gefB,
SLBSCRirTION KATKS.--By Ug. *>iU<*
Haid. outKhle of (Jreater Sew ?ora. .Q
Dally and Btmdajr, one month.**"''. 4 00
Dally and Sunday. alx montha. g 00
Dally and Sunday one raar.? ,^,
Dally oi.ly, one month.-.3 ...
Dally or-ly. alx montht.. e 00
Dally only. one >ear.-. i.;a
Sunday only, ?lx montha. t 2.50
bur.day only. oue year.*"?
rareaaa Bubaerlptlona to all "E"gJ2J*
Unlversal 1'oFtil Union. ir.< 'udlng {0?WS*
DAILY AND SUNDAY:
One month.$150 One year.On-B?
SUNDAY ONLY:
Slx montha.$3 07 One year.???"
DAILY ONLY.
kM mocth.$1.02,Ona year.
$12.28
CANADIAN RATES.
DAILY AND SUNDAY.
jna month.$ .00 One year.
DAILY ONLY.
0l* month.$ .50,One year.
SUNDAY ONLY:
Dne month.$ .70,One >ear.
.$10.08
.$6.00
-.$4 88
Bntered at the Poatofflce at New York aa
Second Claaa Mall Matter.
Our readere will confer a favor by advlalnf
aa when they are unable to procure a, ropy of
Tha Trlbune from thelr newadealer. Addreaa:
Trlbune. Clrcuiatlon Department.
THE RESULT.
Governor Wilson wlns the Presl
Sency through the dlvislon of bls nat
aral opponeuts. He dld not inspire
enthusiasm or show hiinself a stronger
candldate than Mr. Bryan. He owes
his victory not to superior public con
fldence ln hlmself or the Pemocrucy,
but to Mr. Roosevelf s deslre to wreck
the Republican party the lnstaut he
could not nile lt. Insplred by over
weenlng ambltlon and personal anl
moalty, Mr. Roosevelt turned against
tbe party which had given him the
highest honors and through which he
had obtalned his marvellous hold on
the popular imaglnation.. Its leaders
and policies were the leader* and poll
eles which he had long coinmended. and
he etood ready to take a noniinutlon
from lt If he could. But when it de
clined to depart from its historic tra
dltions of loyalty to representative
government under flxed constitutional
guarantees and an independent Ju
diciary and take up radical and revo
lutlonary doctrlnes which he had op
posed along with lt until he saw in
them a suitable instrument of personal
aggrandizement, he devoted his ener
gies to tearing down the structure
bullt by Llncoln. Seward. Grant. Gar
lield and McKlnley which has ever
been the home of liberty and constnic
tive statesmanship. He has brought
the party to defeat. Perhaps he takes
pride in his achievenient, consdous
that
The aspirlng youth that flred the Eptie
alan dome
Outllves in fame the plous fool that
rals'fl lt.
But ln the eyes of the world such
fame, with Its trall of abandoned prin
clples ls a melancholy exchange for the
unlversal admiration for a man who,
after exerclslng the highest power in
the Republlc, achieving great things
and performing great services, retired
lo prlvate llfe commending to the
people the wisdom of the tradltlon
wblch forbade that he ahould agaln be
President.
Mr. Taft ln his defeat may justly
feel satlsfactlon in havlng achieved
somethtng greater than a re-electlon.
He has stood faithful to priuclple. He
bas held the Republican party true to
ita noble traditions. He has prevented
the Judlclal power of the country froro
bolng made subservient to the chang
ing whlms of temporary majoritles.
He has preserved to the powerless the
guarantees of personal liberty against
the tyranuy of passion. He bas moved
eerene amld misrepresentatlon and
abuae, dlseharging his duty as he saw
It and refusing to do anythlng for
spactacular polltlcal effect at a time
when demagogy was ln demand. He
will turn over to his successor the ad
mlnlstratlon of a country whose laws
were never before so well enforced,
whooe expendltures have been cut
down, whose governmental methods
have been systematlzed and made un
ajoacedentedly efflcient. whose general
proaperlty and happiness are at a high
pitch. Hla trust is faithfully dis
charged.
Ao for Mr. Wilson, he has large lf
Indeflnlte promises to redeem. He ls
to reduce the cost of livlng without
reduclng the stream of lndlvldual ln
comeo. He ls radlcally to cut down
Ihe tarifT wlthout injurlng business.
He ls to abolish trusts and restore
general corapetltion. He ls to carry
out as a Mcred pledge the radical plat
form which Mr. Bryan raade for hlm
at Baltlmore. Behlnd hlm will be a
Congress as undiscipllned and hard
to lead ln sane paths as that which
confronted Mr. Cleveland. His task is
difflcult. That he may perform it with
credlt to hlmself and honor to the
rountry ls our most slncere wish.
A MINCRITY PRESIDENT.
Governor Wilson will enter the
Presldency as the choice of a minorlty
af the nation. His majority In the
Electoral College will be bullt upon
pluralities in the declslvo states, in
which a unlon of the natural Rejuili
llcan strength disclosed in the vote for
Taft and Roosevelt would have de?
feated him. He seems merely to have
held tbe Bryan vote of 1!X>8. but in
tbe face of Republican dlvislon that
was sufflcient to carry hlm to victory.
Governor Wilson will be the first
Democratic President slnce the war
to go Into the Whlte House as the
agent of a minorlty. Lenvlng the minor
partlea out of consideration, Mr. Cleve?
land bad a majority of the popular as
well as the electoral vote ln 1884 and
ln 1892, and ln 1888 he had a small
plurality of the popular vote. although
loslng ln the Electoral College. It
may not dlminish the Presldent-elect's
confldence ln his polltlcal destiny to
reflect tbaf he has recelved a mandate
from leaa tban half of the voters of
tbe country, but It ought to make him
more prudent about attempting to re
Tarae aettled national policies approved
at ninuy electlons and stlll adhered to
by the majority of the electorate. The
vnto cast for the two protectlon candi
fjgtao for riOajMiail ougbt to counsel
extreme moderatlon on his part as a
asaasbsr of tariffs.
THE STATE.
Murphy is to be congratulated upon
bla enetnJes. What with those "ene
inies" who always turn in and lielp birii
, elect his ticket. COajdOWttef a mimlc
war 00 him eleven nionths out of the
| twelve. and with the other enemies who
would ratber flcht each other than
Ogb( him. though he commands the
; favor of only a mlnority of the state,
be now has everything ln sight. He
possesses the Legislature by sueh a
majority that he might as well be said
to have the wbole tbing. It ls a rest
pocket possesslon. And he has ln the
Governorship a man of Tamuiany train
ing, with whom he has always hltherto
got on eomfortably. When tbe I'ro
gresslves contemplate the result they
should feel that their work in this state
bsj been sellish aud a t'ailure. Tbey
have inissed their aim to becomc oue
of the two leading partles, and thus
oust the Republican party from Its
column on the ballot and its share ln
the eleotiou machinery. And they have
MCtlfleed the interests of the state, ex
posing lt to another term of Tammany
limladmlnistratlon.
As for Mr. Sulzer. we hope he will
be a better Governor than he has been
candidate. He couldn't make a worse
one than that. He has snid that his
only bOBO is under bls own bat. Ap
pearances were agalnst him, however,
and The Trlbune has been forced to
point that out for the benetit of the
voters. The voters haven't paid much
attention to appearances. and we hope
they wil! be justifled ln their faith. If
the new Governor proves that his bat
contalns his only boss The Trlbune
will be prompt to acelaim him for his
courage and independence.
His abounding belief in bls own des
tlny should not fill Mr. Sulzer with
the nntion that he is now on the road
to the YVbite House. That ldea is a
bad one for any man to have "under
his bat."' He iias assured the voters
several tlmes during the present cam?
paign that he ls golng to be Governor
for four years and not merely for a
slngle term. If he will ndd up the
votes of bls opponents and compare
them with bis own he will see that
he will probably have to look a good
deal better to the state at the end of
h\* tlrst term than he does now If he is
to satlsfy that ambltton. Only a ml?
nority of the voters wanted him to be
Governor. and tbe dlvlslon of his op?
ponents is not a safe thlng for him to
count on. He would do well to be
careful about how much "help" he S4>
cepts from Murphy. One thlng the
public ls assured of is that Mr. Sulzer
as Governor will furnish a lot of U>
teresting reading mntter. We sln
cerely hope lt will all be to bis credlt.
CONGRESS "ON HIS HANDS."
The Democratic Presldent-elect will
have a Democratic Congress "on his
bands." Mr. Cleveland deplored that
misfortune when lt overtook him ln
1891'. He evidently foresnw that his
adrainlstration would be wrecked by
the uncontrollable elements ln the
party ln the two houses. It was com
pletely wrecked witbin two years.
Will history repeat ltself ? It i* clear
that the dlvlslon of the normal Repub?
lican strength ln so many states must
not only enlarge the Democratic ma?
jority ln the House of Represonta
tives, but also make the Senate Demo?
cratic As President, Mr. Wilson will
therefore bave to fnce the problem of
holding lu cheek tbe radicals who are
bent on reducing tariflT duties to the
point at which protectlon will vanlsh
a thing which they have been promis
lng to do for years and wblch they will
now try to do In splte of Mr. Wilson's
dlscovery that a good Democrat can
be agalnst protectlon one day but for
lt another.
The oountry will watrh with interest.
and with not a Httle anxlety, his at
tempt to drive the team of wild horses
wblch Mr. Cleveland falled to handle.
BALKAN AND OTHER ARMIES.
The success of the Balkan I/eague
over Turfeey ls abundantly explalned
by the Immeasurably superlor prepara
tlon of the former and the profound
secrecy of that preparation untll the
very moment when it was revealed ln
the breaking of the storm of war. Yet
there remains to be explalned the
astounding decllne in cfticienoy of the
Turkish army. Granted that lt was
taken by surprlse. it migbt have rallled
and made a far better showlng than it
dld. It was probably equal if not aetu
ally superior to Its assailants in nura
bers. Surely it should not have suf
fered ltself to be drlven llke a flock
Of ODCfip A generation ago the Turks
wf-re the most stubborn tighters in
Kurope. Now they have been put to
rout as they themselves routed the
Greeks ln the war of a few years ago.
The cause of this astounding "change
of form" must be of interest to all
students of milltary affairs and also
af general sociology.
lt does not appear that anythlng has
happened slnce 1577 thus to transfortn
Un Turkish mllltary character, unloss
it be the recent llberal revolutlon. The
Hamidian cra of ferocity aud intoler
ance has been succeeded by an era af
at least professed humanlty and con?
stitutional equality. Religious bigotry
has also been so far abated as to per
itlt the jidnilsslon of Christians and
other non-Mahometans to the army.
It is worthy of lnquiry wbether the
Chrlstlan levies have been as zealous
as Mosleins ln flghtlng for the Callph
of Islam: and also wbether there has
besfl since the revolutlon a general
slai kening of falth and consequent
wanlng of that flerce fanatlclsni wblch
made Turkish soldiers of all the most
fearless of death, the most audaclous
ln attack and the most stubborn in
defence.
There ls also a pregnant Buggestion
of the powslbllity of slmllar surprises
ln other armles, If they should be put
to the practical test, such as may cause
some earnest heart-searching on the
part of Europeun general staffs. Tbe
Turkish army siuce the Rusalan wur
of 1S77 bas been under German in
structlon aud organization, whlle at
least aome of the states of the Balkan
'
League have enjoyed the correspond
lug services of Krench otticers. It
would be unfitting, no doubt. to Judge
tbe efflciency of the armles of those
great powers by the conduct of thelr
ptipils in the Near Kast, yet some
tbought of such judgnicnt can scarcely
be repressed. There will lnevltably he
?pacntatlooi as to tho manner in which
the armies of the great milltary pow?
ers would acquit themselves in CBM
of sudden war. and partlcularly those
which have for many years been Bl
peace, ro that?as in Germany nnd
Austria-Hungary?there is not a man
OC au offJcor who has ever so much
as scen war auve as a disintorested
spectator, unless a few have served in
petty operatlons against savages and
ln the Boxer business in China. Not
for many a year has anythlng hap
pened so well vvorth the consideration
of the fleld marshals of Europe as
this briof Balkan war.
OVER AT LAST!
What a blessing that it ls over!
The country has had nothlng but poli?
tlcs for more than hnlf a year, B vio
lent clamor to which it was Impossi
ble to turn a dcaf oar. lt feels a good
deal as Arizona felt a few weeks BfO
when some one ptapcaad to recall its
Governor. Arl/.oi-a had had an elec?
tlon, full of controversy, in which It
had adopted its constitutlon; another
a little later in which it had ehosen Its
rlrst state ofticers. another riieht after
that ln which lt had amended its con
stitution hy insertlng the excluded re?
call provWon, not to mention a few
such extras as prlmaries, and was in
the midst of the engrossing national
campaign. when one of those persons
who never know when they have had
enough proposed that the Governor be
recallcd.
Word went forth that there was to
be a recall. Petltions were drawn up
snd circulated. .Tust four persons
signed the petltions. when, of a sud?
den. it all stopped. What happened to
the cireulator of the petltions and the
four slgners has not been dlsclosed.
Th.- worst la feared. for Arlzona is
giveu to dlrect actlon, and Arlzona
knew when lt had had enougb.
There are some thlngs to Ik? thank
ful for. The recall docs not exist here.
neither of orHelals nor of declslons;
nor does the Initlatlve. If they did
and if some Insatlable person should
attempt to set one of them ln niotion
now, would he be able to fice quickly
enoughI _^_______
REFORMING THEMSELVES.
The iesson of the simplifying of fed
eral equity procediire by tlie Supreme
Court of the I'nited States is that
court reform will COOM from the courts
themselvps. Congress has haggled four
years over Injuncllon lecislatlon slnce
the Republican party ntedgad itself to
prevent ahuses of that wrlt, and with?
out reachlng an agreement. It would
probably have gone on four years more
without accompHshlng the end. The
Supreme Court, in a f.-w months.
through a committee of its Judires. has
agreed upon reforms that will not only
cure the huproper 088 of the Injuuc
tion but also save time and cut down
the expense? of litlgatlon.
The Influence of ihis example will he
powerfnl ln correcting the law's de
lays. The most Iinportaut fador in
brlnging about this result will be nn
arnused sensc on the part of the courts I
of thelr obllgatlon to improve exisllngj
conditions. What the Supreme Ooort
has drme other courts will feel that
they must do. Nor does the responsi
blllty end with rulcs the making of
which ls solely In the hands nf tbe
courts. Where codOO are controlled by
the leglslature tbeir slinplltication will
be most surely oldained when the
courts take actlon and rccoinmeiid
changes which will scrvc to make Jns
ti^p Ipsscostly and Hear the cnl.-iidars.
Fortunately then- are slgns every
where that the courts are allve to thelr
duty. We had in this city only re
cently a notable assertion of the au
thority of the bench to keep a trial
movlng ln ? btislnesslike way. It ls
through reforms that the independence
of the Judiciary will best be protected.
"NEWS FROM NOWHERE."
The fantastlc rumor of a raurder ln
the locker room at the Abraham A
Straus 6tore ln Brooklyn, which the
grand Jury, after careful Invcstlga
tlon, pronounces to ho utferly without
foundation, ls an instanco of the way
curlons popular deluslons may get
started. In this day most of the glna
of DaBJt Ilumor are blamed on the
newspapers. But as a matter of fact,
with all thelr errors, the newspapers
are the prlncipal eneinies to the spread
of such deluslons. In the Mlddle AgtOJ
vvicked lnvention, f(K.lish lmagiiilng
and iguorant niisuii(lerst?ndlng spread
niichei-ked and nnaiialyzed, and hlstor.v
is full of incidents of popular deluslons,
often amountliiK to cr.izes, growing ont
of perfectly baseless rumors. Such
tales still sprlng up from nowhere.
Every newspaper gets word of gCOIOjg
of them ln the course of a year, ln
quirea Into them and lenves them to
dle ? natural death, which they ga*>
erally soon do ln a communlty which
looks to its newspapers as its souree
of inforniatlon; whereas in oue trust
lng to personal clrcuiatlon of news, the
rumors would spread unchecked.
In this case the rumor probably
started among the shopglrls in the es
tabllshment. It was not spread by any
newspaper. On the contrary, thelr aid
was iuvoked to discovcr its posslble
orisrin or basls, as was tho grand Jury's.
Judge Faweett, when discharging the
jury, sald: "It ls little short of a crime
"that such a dastanily rumor has been
spread," which ls true if anyhody
really lnvented it in Its clrculating
form. It is qulte as likely, however,'
that It merely grew without maliclous
lntent or consclous deceptlon ou the
jwrt of any j>erson. Some "smart Alec"
may have made some sllly Joke to a
shopgirl, which her imaglnation may
have transmuted. Rhe,may have over
heurd and mlsuiidorstood some conver
satlon about something else and hya
terlcally conuuunleated her fears to a
companlon. Somehody may have had a
nightmare and told her dreatn as a
dream. only to have the dreain part
l.'.-t slgbt of in its repetitlon from one
ignorant and excitable person to an?
other. Or ehe may beruelf bave
thought the dream waa a reality and
asked somebody else about lt.
So runior startlng from nothlng with?
out any evll lntent may spread. But
to-day, tbanks to the machlnery of pub
liclty, it cannot spread and become a
settled eonvietion, as lt once dld Myth
making does not flourish where respon?
sible chroniders of news are eonstantly
applying tbe acid test of fact to ru?
nior. But tbe wldespreadiug of this
tale. not by tbe prlnted page, but by
word of moutb, suggeets to the student
of the psychology of delusions that in
splte of education the llne between fact
and fancy ls even now only a Httle
less hazy than lt was In the Middle
Ages to tbe mlnds of mauy perfectly
houest persons._
Anyway, we are all Amerlcans.
B
The "flareback" wasn't in the
weather yesterday.
9
The Independence of the judiciary has
wlthstood the attacks of the Bull
Moose.
Pcrhapa Mr. Wilson will now be able
to declde whether he belleves in pro?
tectlon as set forth In the Taft Repub?
lican platform of 1908 or tariff for rev
enuo only as set f>rth ln the Bryan
Democratic platform of 101'J. The
necesslty for facing both ways has now
passed.
B
This ls Landsllde Day, Bull Moose Day.
Make no mlstake about lt?The New York
Praas.
Now what do you thlnk of your
I'ncle Mun (sey)?"
e
We congratulate Mr. Oscar Straus on
the success of his efTorta to free the
government of New York from subjec
tlon to boss rule. The defeat he has
infllcted on "Boss" Murphy ls monu
mental.
m
How long will "The New York
World" contlnue to "regard" Mr. Sul?
zer as an "avowed antl-Tammany
man"?
I
To-day, ln "the cold gray llght of the
mornlng after," how hopelessly sllly
would sound some of those Impasstoned
campaign specches which last week
seemed so thrllllng!
The no-thlrd term tradltlon haa not
yct been outgrown.
l
The country will have to run four
years on a "slngle track" basls.
>
Kor Secretary of State, Colonel Wiil?
lam J. Bryan or Colonel George Hur
vey.
B
That mournlng bordcr around the
Bull Moose head was an lnsplratlon. It
was the most approprlate emblern pos
slble for tho Progreeslve party.
?
The odds makers were the beat
prophets after all.
I.ong ago Jeffrey spoke dlsrespect
fully of the Kquator; repeatedly ln re
cent years there have been almost fllp
pant referen.es to the Sacred Codtlsh;
and now In Boston ltself there are dls
paraglng words spoken about Beans.
Are we to have no Uluslons, not to say
ideals, left?
The descrlptlon of Turkey as "the
Kkk Man of Kurope" ls commonly at
trlbtited to Nlcholas I nf Russla, who
used some such expresslon to the Brlt
Ish Ambasnador In IR&'t. But Voltalre
had used lt before, ln wrltlng to Catli
erlne II; nt 111 earller, Montesquieu had
employed lt ln hla "Perslan Lettera,"
and far back of that the Brltlsh Am?
basnador at Conatantlnople had wrltten
to James II that "Turkey ls llke the
"body of an old man crazod with vlces,
"which puts on tho appearanco of
"health though near lta end." The de?
scrlptlon ln that case was more corrcct
than the implled prophecy.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
"Hrange as lt may eee," says a Parfs
letter, "France has Joined tho forces
which are at war agalnst the undraped
statue. The ohjectlon of American prudes
to a beautlful Bacchante was not the
flrst exhlbltlon of Boston's sentlment on
that subject, and lt caused less surprlse
in artlstlc clrcles than the order which
halted the erecth.n of 'lnsufflclently
draped' Btatues on a theatre In Oermany.
But now even France objects. Kpeteln'a
memorlal to Oacar Wllde must have
trousers before lt can be plsced In P*re
la Chalse, for which hlstorlcal place It
was intended."
"What Is mennt by graft?" said the
lnqulrlng forelgner.
"Oraft," said the resldent of a great
dty, "ls a system which ultlmately re
aolta In compelllng a large portlon of the
populatlon to apologlze eonstantly for not
havlng money and the remalnder to ex
plaln how they got lt"?Washington Star.
The use of alcohol ls recelvlng some
hard knocks these days. A promlnent
rallway system, not content with the gen?
eral rule heretofore ln force on rallways
forbldding ernployes to drlnk whlle on
duty, now forblds ernployes to Indulge at
all ln drlnklng out of employment hours,
or ln any other conduct which will Impair
their health or make them less al?rt and
less capable whlle on duty. The owner
of one of the natlon'a pets-a promlnent
baseball team announces that modera
tlon ln drlnklng ls not suffldent; the
players on his team must leave alcohol
entlrely alone and abandon clgarettes.
"The Journal of tho Amerlean Medlcal
Assoclatlon" thlnks that the tlmo may
come when every man to whom the llfe
and safety of others are lntrusted may
br expected or even requlred to be as
abstemlnus as ball players and rallway
ernployes.
Bank Teller?How ls lt you depoalt noth?
lng but pennles and nlckels?
Saddmann?I hlde 'em ln my shoe snd
wlfe hasn't found lt out yet.?Chlcsgo
News.
A Jury wss out In the Becker case. A
number of lawyers and newspaper men
were telllng Btorles, snd their talk
drlftcd'to the flnal pleas of couns?l to
the Jury, for and agalnst the defendant.
"Well," said a veteran lawyer, "If lt
would Interest you, I could tell a story
showing the folly of belng too learned
ln trylng a case. It wasn't a crlmlnal
case, but an actlon for damagea. The
plalntlff was an Iullan, and aued an
Irlsh shopkeeper for Injuries suatained ln
falllng through a trapdoor In his store.
The counsel for the plalntlff was a young
man. and bls summlng up was falrly
fraught with -Latln phrases. The Jury
had heard it all with a bored expreaalon.
The lawyer for the defendant. a wltty
old Irlahman. who had taught the hu
manltles ln a prlvate school before belng
admltted to the bax. bogan by polntlng
out that tha ?*'??'?????' had euffered very
Httle Injury, and after recalllng to the
Jury the evldence showlng that his cllent
had pald the Itallan's doctor's blll. and
a salary whlle he was lald up, said:
"And now, gentlemen of the Jury, I
thlnk my learned sdversary has taken
undue advantage of your and my lgno
rance of those forelgn phrases. Now
Just what they had to do with the case
I don't know, but I know a few myself,
and so that he'll hav* nothing on me.
I'm golng to use them. And here they
are: Slc semper tyrannls! K. Plurlbus
Unum! and last. but not least, Erln go
Braghl"
"We artlsu are certainly an lmprovl
dent lot"
"How now?"
"Here I've let autumn catch me with?
out any red or yellow palnt."?Plttsburgh
Poat.
JAMAIOA AND OANADA
Sir Alexander Swettenham Explains
His Pollcy
To the Edltor of The Trlbune.
Slr: If the annexed cuttlng correctly
reproducefl an artlcle ln your newspaper.
will you allow me to point out to your
readers that you have mtsrepresented my
vlews. which were explalned ln a letter
to "The Oleaner" some months ago. I
urged the polltlcal connectlon of Jamalea
with Canada, not "as the only sure way
of savlng the Island from belng swailowed
up oy L'ncle 8am," but as a means of ln
surlng the prosperlty of the colony, and
securlng for lt proper conslderatlon when
a naval contrlbutlon was belng exacted
and the mother country was ln dlstrcss.
I dld not warn the Jamalcans that
reclproclty would be the flrst fatal step
toward annexatton, or wrlte that tho
Unlted 8tates had never establlshed rela
tlons of commercial reclproclty without a
thought of polltlcal ends; but I dld sug
gest In explanatlon of the fact that the
Unlted 8tates Senate ln 1900-01 had
rejected no less than eleven treatles of
reclproclty, approved by the President,
with places In the West Indles, that the
Senate waa known ln America to be un
wllllng to exchange to small places ln this
hemlsphere commercial advantages for
anythlng short of polltlcal ascendency,
and I quoted Cuba and Porto Klco aa
examplea and the reaBon (so imprud
ently dlvulged) for ofTering Canada valu
able terms of reclproclty.
May I add that I thlnk you are mls
taken ln suppoalng tlm the experience of
soclal eondltlons at Panama of Jamalcan
negroes has shown them to be far prefer
able to any they hav* ever known ln this
colony. Your obedlent servant,
ALEXANDER SWETTENHAM.
Gordon Town. Jamalea, Oct. 36, 1912.
A GONVALESCENT HOME
Need? of the Institution at Sum
mit, N. J.
To the Edltor of The Trlbune.
Sir: The flrst home to be opened In the
Cnlted States for the care of the con
valescent poor was the Kresh Alr and Con
valescent Home at Summlt, N. J., founded
twenty-flv.' years ago. It Is beautlfully
sltuated among the hllls of Northern New
Jsrsey at an elevatlon of 600 feet and
eommands an extended vlow. No city
nolse or dust ?an come to the ears and
throats of those chlldrcn who como from
hospltals or slck rooms. The Httle thin.
pale faces grow plutnp and roay there
under the cara of an enVtent hou.->e
mother, who, with her two asslstants (one
of whom 1b a tralned nurse). keeps th.?
. hlldren happy whlle malntainlng perfect
order, and teaches them many lessons ln
*e!f-controI and better llvlng.
Th? home ls made up at pre3ent of four
bulldlngs, the maln house, a school. a play
pavlllon and an Inflrmary, besldes a stable.
In the summer lt arcommodatea eighty
chlldren. but In the wlnter only flfty. At
preient its managerr, and friends are eager
for a greater use to be made of this
institution. At all tlmes of the year it has
been necessary to turn aslde applkatlons
from pltlfully needy casee becauae all the
free beds wore fllled and money could not
be found to pay the board ($3 a week
each), which It 1b necessary to ask In
order to carry on the work. In the wln?
ter this Is partlcularly dlstresslng, and
many chlldren who mlght stay untll a
more perfect cure ls effected must return
to their homes. These chlldren who come
ln the wlnter nced not fear falllng behlnd
In their atudte*. as a dally school ls cur
rled on.
The rndowment of a free bed I;. per
petulty ls 13,000, aud of a summer bed
fur four months ls $300. The support of
a bed for a year Is $130 and for threo
months ln tho summer Is $40. ' Smaller
glfta from those ur.able to give so gener
ously are gladly recelved and used for the
some purpose. to brlng back health and
strength to poor Httle sufferlng human be
lngs who have not had a falr chance to
galn lt for themselves.
The work ls prlnclpslly for New York
City. and the home must look there for
flnamial support, though the Summlt
friends have always llberally alded It.
Qlfts would be most gratefully re.ehrd
and can be sent to the president, Mrs. W.
dc Forest or to the treasurer pro tein.,
CJeorge II. Hodonpyl.
MRS. GEORGE M. GRANT.
Chalrman l'ress Committee.
SUmmlt, N. J., Nov. 1. 1912.
DR. HOLME8'8 SERMON.
To tha Edltor of The Trlbune.
Slr: May I so far appeal to your cour
tesy and sense of falr play as to ask
for BunVlcnt space, even on the mornlng
followlng election, to express my regrct
at tho edltorlal which you prlnt this
mornlng ln referenco to the somewhat
exceptlonal clrcumstances at my church
on Sunday last, and to correct the mlsln
formatlon upon which that edltorlal ls
based? I am free tu confess that I was
troubled by the sltuatlon on Sunday, as
the frank dlscuislon of a campaign In the
preaence of one of the chlef leaders In
vclved-and that one the President of the.
natlon-could be a pleasant experience
nelther to the preacher nor to the llstener.
Tho fact that th? sermon waa wholly
along ldeallstlc llnes, dlacusBed principles
and not men nor platforms, and had no
partlcular reference, elther frlendly or
hostlle, to the President, dlo not alter tho
easential embarrassment of the occaslon,
as I thlnk any one who Is human will
Bee. The Btory, however, that I thought
of dropplng my sermon and substltutlng
another at the last moment. or wanted to
do so, Is an lnventlon of the same reporter
who Interpreted the sermon as a "Bull
Moose" dlscourse. I agree with you most
emphatlcally that a mlnlster should al?
ways preach his tr.essage without regard
to partlcular persons In his audlonce, and
I may perhaps be pardoncd for bellevlng
that under clrcumatances which may be
regarded as constitutlng a test I dld ex
actly thla thlng.
JOHN HAYNES HOLMES.
New York, Nov. 6, 1912.
a
8KIRT8 AND EUCLID.
I'rom Tha Sprlngfleld Republican.
Word comea from Parli that iklrti are not
to b? mada wlder- It la not contended, how
evar, that they ars to b? ma.la narrowtr. That
would be contrary to Kuclid. who saya that tfl?
outside cannot be smaJler ttaas Uio laiide.
People and Social Incidents
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
St. Matthew's Church at Bedford, ftf. Ti
will be the acene to-day of the weddlng
of Mlaa Helen Fargo Squlers 88 William'
Aator Drayton, son of J. Coleman Dray
ton, and a grandson. therefore, of the
late Mrs. William Aator. The ceremony
will be followed by a weddlng breakfaat
glven by the brtdo'8 aunt. Mra. Frank
Hunter Potter, at her country place at
I Katonah, N. Y., Mlss Squlers la a daugh
ter of the late Herbert G. Squlera, who
waa Unlted Statea Minlster ln Panama
and In Cuba. The brlde will be glven
away by her brother, Bard M. Squlera.
and will have no attendants, whlle C.
Gouverneur Hoffman will be the best
man.
The Duke of Newcaatle Is aalllng at the
end of this week for N?w York. to spend
the wlnter and early sprlng In thla city.
with frlenda ln Philadelphla, and ln
Florlda. ln accordance with hla custom
for elght or ten yea.s past. He wllt. as
usual, make hla headquarters at the
Metropolltan Club whlle ln town. The
Duchesa of Newcastle remalns ln Eng
Iand. and will be for the next few montha
at riumber. the duke's country place ln
Notts.
Mrs. Waldorf Astor is booked to eall
to-morrow on board the Kronprinzeasln
Cecilie, to rejoln her husband in England.
Mrs. and Mrs. Arthur Coppell arrlve ln
town to-day from thelr plaoe at Tenafly,
N. J.
Mrs. Fredertck Pearaon has arrlved ln
town from Newport for the seaaon.
Mr. and Mrs. F. Grand d'Hautevllle.
who are now at UM St. Regla. are booked
to sall on November 23 for Parls. and
afterward Swltxerland, where they have
a country place at St. Legier, above
Montreux. on the Lake of Oeneva.
Mr. and Mrs. Woodbury O. Langdon.
havlng sold thelr house ln Fifth avenue.
will spend the wlnter at thelr place at
Madlson. N. J. The marrlage of thelr
daughter. Mlsa Helen Langdon. to Thoma-s
Ellts Brown, Jr.. lt has Just been an
nounced, will take place in the early
sprlng. Mlss Langdon made her debut
two wlntera ago. She ls a granddaughter
of the late Rev. Dr. Henry E. Mont
gonary, rector of the Church of the In
carnation. Her Hance Is a clvil englneer.
graduated from Columbla Iaat year, and
ia the son taf Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E.
Brown of this city. Mrs. Brown waa Misa
Florence Bleeclrer.
Mra. Robert Ives Gammell has arrlved
ln town from Rhode Island and Is at tho
St. Regis for the wlnter.
InvltatlonB have been Usued by the
president and trusteea of the Metro
polltan Art Muaeum for a receptlon on
the evening of Thursday. next week.
Baron von Relbnltx. of the Oerman Em
baaay at Washington. arrlved at the RiU
Carlton yeatcrday.
Slr Algernon and Lady Flrth. who ar?
rlved here on Monday from England, are
?taytaf at the Vanderbllt Hotel.
Mr and Mrs. Alfred O. Vanderbllt ar?
rlved ln town yesterday from Newport.
and will be at the Hotel Vanderbllt for
the next few weeka.
Dr and Mrs. ValenUne Mott and Mlsa
BopatO Mott have arranged to epend the
wlnter at Khartoum. and are salllng at
the end of the month for Egypt.
Mrs Jamea Russell Boley has arrlved
ln town from Long Island and la at the
Kitz-Carlton.
Mrs Coraattaa C. Cuyler will glve a
theatre party. followeo^by_ajiuDperjit_
E. R. THOMAS WEDDED
Misa Elizabeth R. Finley His
Bride at Newport.
[Hy T^lesraph t0 The Trlbune 1
Newport, It. I.. Nov. 5-In the presenca
of a feW relatlona and friends, at Landa
Knd. the home of Mr. and Mrs. R. Llv
ingston Beeckman. Mlss Ellzabeth R. Fin?
ley, daughter of Mra. Henry H. Flnfcy. of
Nr-w York, and Edward R. Thomaa were
marrted this afternoon. The ceremony
was performed by the Rev. E. 8. Stralght.
of Provldence. He ia a retlred Baptlat
clergyman. who was mentloned a* belng
Ukely to offlclate at the marrlage of Colo?
nel John Jacob Astor and Mlsa Force,
He was engaged several daya ago. and
came here thla morning. golng dlrectly to
the Beeckman home.
At the weddlng were Mr. and Mrs.
B.-e.-kman. the latter a slster of Mr.
Thomas; Mrs. Satnuel R. Thomas. mother
of the brldegroom: Mrs. Finley. mother of
tho brlde; Mrs. Louta L. I^rlllard and
Mrs cumpbell. aisters of Mr. Beeckman.
bjmI Lawranee Jacob. of New Yora.I
frlenda of the brlde.
Nelther the bride nor brldegroom was
at'tended. ftta80 Finley belng glven In mar?
rlage by her mother. The brlde was at
tired ln an attructlve travelllng ault or
blue with hat to match. The ceremony
w.s'p.rformed ln the drawlng room of
tha nillkingn home. which was decorated
with rhrysanthemuma and autumn leaves.
After a brldal luncheon Mr. and Mrs.
Thomas went by automobile to Boaton.
lt ls thought they are to eall for Eu
rope wlthln a week. They will make thelr
home ln Parts.
R0BERT8?TILLIN0HA8T.
Isllp Long Island. Nov. 5-Edward
Roberta. of Phlladelphla. and Mrs. Mary
Martln Tllllnghaat, wldow of Morgan
TIllltiKhaat, were marrted at noon to-day
In St. Mark's Church here. The Rev.
William H. Garth. rector of the church,
offlclated. The brlde and brldegroom were
unattended. and only about twenty im
medlate relatlves of the two famlllea were
present. After a luncheon at Huntington
Houae, the Tllllnghaat home. Mr. and
Mra. Roberta left here on an afternoon
traln on a honeymoon trlp. They will llve
ln Phlladelphla.
Mra. TUUnghast was Mlss Mary Martln,
of St. Louls. 8he llved for a time ln
Phlladelphla and was promlnent aoclally
there. Her husband dled about three
yeurs ago. aiul slnce then she had been a
permanent reaident here. havlng pur
chased the Dr. Abel Huntington place at
Main atreet and Ocean avenue.
Mr. Roberta ls the son of tbe late Mr.
and Mra. Edward Roberta, of Phlla?
delphla. He ls a governor of the Flsh
Houae Club, that city, and'a raember of
the Phlladelphla Club and the Radner
Hunt and Rabblt clube of Phlladelphla.
a
TO UNVEIL R008A MEMORIAL.
The unvelllng of the memorlal to Pro
fessor D. B. St. John Roosa, M. D., will
take place to-morrow afternoon at 4
o'clock at the New York Poat-Graduate
Medlcal School and Hoapltal, Second ave?
nue and 20th atreet
Sherry's, to-morrow week for her soa,
J. Couper Lord.
"Chanaons en Crlnollne," a aerles of
mornlng entertalnments conslstlng t4?
pantomime aongs and dances. will be
given again this week at the Plaxa, under
tho managernent of Mrs R W. Hawkes
worth, on Thursdays, Deeember S, Decera
ter 19 and January 0. Mlle. Adeline Genea
will appear at the flrst perforrnance.
AT NEWPORT.
[By Talegraph to Ths Trlbune.]
Newport, Nov. 5.?Many cottagers cam*
here to-day to vote. Among them were
Commodore Elbridge T. Gerry and his
son, Robert L. Oerry; Henry C. Whlte,
l.oyal Phelpa Carroll and Peter Goelet
Gerry.
A large dlnner party was entertalned
this evening by Mlss Loulse Ward Me
Alllster at her cottage. The guests wera
taken later to the newspaper offtcei,
where they saw the election returns.
Mr. and Mrs. Alfred G. Vanderbllt and
Mr. and Mrs. Reglnald C. Vanderbllt, ac
companied by 8amuel Wllleta, left here
for New York to-day on the prtvate car
Wayfarer, owned by Alfred G. Vander?
bllt.
Mr. and Mrs. R. Llvlngaton Beeckman
will leave here to-morrow for Hot
Springs. They will make one or two
stops on the way, and will arrlve ln
Provldence the latter part of the month
to spend the wlnter.
Kenneth P. Budd and J. Oordon Doug
las have returned to New York, after be?
lng the guests of Mr. and Mra. Beeckman.
Mrs. Theodore JC Gibba entertalned a
lur.cheon party at Betshan to-day.
Mrs. Frederlck Pearson has closed her
season, and with her famlly has gone to
New York.
Tho Breakera, the home of Mra. Van?
derbllt. will be closed shortly, and Mrs.
Vanderbllt will go to New York to spend
the wlnter.
Mrs. Alexander 8. Clarke haa closed her
season, and ls preparlng to sall on Thurs
day for France. She will spend the wln?
ter In Parle.
Mrs. lAither Kountae, who broke hir
hlp last summer, left here this evening
for New York.
Mrs. Rlchard Gambrlll haa returned to
New York. where she will spend the wln?
ter.
Mrs. George B. de Forest is ln New
York for a few days.
Mr. and Mrs. Julla McCarty Llttle have
r*turned to New York, after spendlng the
late season here.
Mr. and Mrs. Preston Glbson have re?
turned to New York
IN THE BERK8HIRE8.
[Ry T>leitraph to The Trlbune.]
Lenox, Nov. 5? CharleB 8. Mellen wenl
to New Haven to-day to vote. Rlchard c.
Dlxey went to Boston and Banyer Clark
son to New York to cast their ballots
Mr. and Mrs. Cortlandt Field Blshop
made the ascent of Mount Greylock, tha
hlgheat mountaln ln the state, this after
noon, ln Mr. Blshop's automoblle. They
have lately motored over the Pyreneea and.
over the Balkans. and Mr. Blshop want
ed to test the pleasures of American
mountaln cllmblng.
Dr. W. Gllman Thompson, who has been
ln Stockbridge for a few days, has re?
turned to New York.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ivison Parsons,
who have been at their vllla, Bonnle Brae,
Stockbridge. have returned to New York.
Mra. Clinton A. Wrlglit and Mlss Fanny
T. Turnbull, who have been In Stock?
bridge for the season, will return to Bal
tlmore by automoblle on Thursday.
Mrs. John Zlmmerman will return to
New York to-morrow. Her slster, Misa
Clementlna Furnlas, after closlng Edge
comb Vllla, will go to New York on
Thuraday.
W. T. Procter. of New York. ls visltlng
Mr. and Mrs. Harley T. Procter.
Mr. and Mrs Davld Lydlg closed their
cottage to-day and returned to New York.
LARGEST ^lAMOND FOUND
Stone Discovered in South
Africa Weighs 1,649 Oarats.
Johanneaburg. Nov. 5.?A dlamond
welghlng 1.649 carata haa been discov?
ered in the Premier mlne. Thia la tho
largest dlamond ln the world.
The famous Culllnan dlamond, which
waa found In the eame mlne ln 1905,
welghed 3,024 carats, but waa cut lnto
eleven separate stones.
Tho dlamond Juot found when cut
may not prove to be as large aa the
Culllnan dlamond.
a i
NEW CANADIAN RAILWAY
Third Interoceanio Line To Bs
Built, Touching Hudson Bay.
Montreal, Nov. 6-As a result of the
entrance lnto Canada of a new and
powerful group of Engllsh eapltallsta and
Contlnental bankers Canada ls eure of an?
other transoceanic rallway. The pro
posed rallway Hne, when completed, will
extend from the Paclflc Ocean to the Hud?
son Bay, and will be known as the Al
berta. Peace Rlver & Eaatern Rallway.
and the Canadlan repreBentatlves of tbe
company have Just recelved sanctlon from
the Rallways Commlsslon for the flrit
sctlon of upwards of 400 mllea.
Among the men atated to be hehlnd the
enterprlae are Lord Farrer. Lord Vlvlan,
Guy C. Wilson. James MUllngton Synge,
Frank Houlder, Frederlck W. Thomp?
son, Francls Davld Cochlns, of Amster
dam. Holland. and Edwin C Rykert aad
H. Muskett King, of Montreal.
SUFFRAGETTE SETBACK
Votes for Irishwomen Denied
by 314 to 141.
I/ondon, Nov. 6.?The suffrage move
ment auffered a setbsck in the House of
Commons to-day. when an amendment
providlng for woman suffrage which lt
waa dealred to Include in th?. Home Rule
blll for Ireland wai defeated by $14 to
141 votea.
The suffragettes declared that they will
retallate by organlzlng outbreaks ln Ire?
land
As a proteat agalnst the rejoctlon of the
amendment auffragettes went on a ram
page In Bond and Oxford streets. They
8mashed many windows. Two of them
were arrested.
ORDERED TO SANTO D0MIN0O
Gunboat Naahville to Leave Nlca
ragua to Replace the Baltimore.
Washington. Nov. B.-Tho gunboat
Nashvllle. now at Blueflelds. Nlcaragua.
was ordered to-day to proceed to Banto
Domingo to take the place of the crutser
Baltimore. which put lnto Norfolk yea
terday with deranged machlnery, whllo
on the way from Phlladelphta to Santo
Domingo with marlnea to be uaed ln
case of emergency ln the revolutlonarjt
actlvltiea ln tho Island,

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