Newspaper Page Text
Bulgarians Prepare Concerted
Simultaneous Attack on
Whole Length of
POWERS EXCHANGE VIEWS
Unless Turks Give Up Without
a Fight Impending Battle
Will Be Even More San
guinary than Those
I.onuon. Xo\. 16.?The general ad
raacfl of Um Bulgarian army upon the
Turkish llnes at Tchataldja. thfl flflala
obatacH batwaan it and Conatantino?
ple, has c-omniencfd. and, according to
BoAa reports, already has met with
The Bulgarians nim at attacking the
forl8 of which thfl line ll -omp.-sed
arnniltflBaoilBlT and with that objflCl
in view the army |i stretched rignt
across the penlnsula. With every Bvail*
aMo plecf of artlllery that could bfl
gathered togarttIflT it is marching
strai-ht toward the. work?, which. uutd
tk< Turks suffered thfl serics ol nwful
defeats. were QB__|_?f_? bf rnilitary
Th.- fl-fv-XtO _-_-__ 0- this 1*88-1
army of lnvasion have already reached
thfl Vfllaga Ot L-B-H-rflM-l near l.ake
Derkos. on the Turkish right, the town
<.f Tchataldja. CfldaHJ tiie oaatra Of the
Haa which takes its name from the
trwn, and Arnautkeui. furth?r to the
flOUtk and n?-ar to the Sea. >>f Marnwra.
All these places baVfl h"cn occupied,
and from Arnautkeui the Bulgarian
artlllery is ehelllng Buyuk Tchek
medche, where there are two Turkish
fort?, eomposing the extreme left ot
ihe Turkish llne.
Beqin to Maka Breach.
At other points, too. the guns have
begun to speak. and from tho hllls
around Constantinople flrinp can bo
heard. Some amall reoonnoltring
parties have got around the flank *>f
the Turks' rixht and are operating in
the country between the Tchataldja
lines and the capital. But the various
divlsions hnve only just commenced
the attempt to make a breach, which
arlll __v_ thflflfl BB opening toward the
? ity ot their dealro.
Those who bflTfl been to the Turkish
front diff>r eonslderably as to the abll
Ity ol the defenders to hold the torts.
toiM there are who believe that the
Turks. streiiRthened by relnforeements
with an a,bundance of ammunitlon and
provlfltOAfl, will make a good stand.
whlle others cannot believe that an
army still rontalning the remnanta of
roroflfl so badly beaten In previous en
gagetnents can ho!d out. In additlon,
rholera haa invaded the camp to decl
mate, and dishearten them further.
And, again, the Bulgarians will have
the advantage of superlor artlllery'.
However, unless the Turks give up
without a flght, there will be a battle,
if possible more eanguinary than any
that has -preceded 1t. hefor* the peace
makers aucceed in their efforts to end
thfl confllct. Although the cost ln llfe
will be heavy. the Bulgarians would
llke to have the battle declded before
an armi.-tice ls arranged, beeause with
the Turks beaten in their last dltr-h it
would be a long time before they could
make further trouble for their nelgh
Adrianople Holding Out.
Scutari. Adrianople and Monaetir are
still holding out agalnst the allies, who
contlnue to keep up their bombard
ments. The Greeks are now beading
toward Tanina, and the Montenegrins,
aecordlng to an unconflned report, havr.
beaten the Serviana in the race to San
Glovannl dl Medua, which, it ls said,
they have taken.
Conatantinople, at the gates of which
the Bulgariana are knoeking, la now a
city of Hick, wounded and hungry ref
ugees. With the thousands of wounded
in additlon to cholera patients. all the
regular and temporary hoapitala are
?jvcrtaxed Some relief haa been af
forded by the aotlon of the government
ln aendlng many refugeea to Aala
Revolution haa been added to the
other troublea of the Turktah govern?
ment. The Young Turks, on whom
much of the blame is placed for the
terrlble disasler which haa overcome
the country. are suapected of being
concerned in a movement to over
throw the provernment, and a aectlon
of them in a plot to restore '.he ex
Sultan Abdul Hamid to the throne.
The government haa taken drastic
action agalnat the suapecte. a lar_e
number of whom have bean arrestad.
including DJemal Bey. ex-Mlnlater of
Shafkat Pacha Suapectad.
Mabmoud Khefket Pa-rha. wbo lad
the army ln the revolutlon of 1908 and
who waa largely responsible for the
Buccaaa of that adventure. la c?t con
aldered above auspiclon and is belng
kept under obaervation by the au
Talk of invlting foreignera to depart
lrom Conatantinople. leavlng the city
in rulns and turning Stan.boul lnto a
second Moacow lf the Bulgarian troopr
attempt to enter, la prevalent among a
am-U aectlon of tho Turkish offlcera ln
tha Ottoman capital aecordlng to a dia
patcb to "The Bvonlng Newa."
The alllaa. in the mea_ tlme, are dla
ruaalng Turkey'a requaat for an armla
tlce. The terma of thla, lf granted,
will Include a baala for a peace aettle*
ment. leavlng the detalla to be worked
out lattr. The j,(u?e basla, however,
wll! Include the -urrender of the towns
Hiid posltlons now belng besleged, al?
though the garriaona rr.ay be allowed to
march out. and there may be other con
oeaalonfl to Turkay.
Tha oplnlon ptevalla that the concan
tratlon of Ruraanlan troopa on the
IXTERIOR OF THE GREAT MOSQUE OF ST. SOPHIA.
ifr -. - - ?- ' ." ? ?'"??' i ?555-S
lamous building in ConttMtinople now being ??? us a cholera hospital. Six of the symbolic banners of the MtbomettO faith will be
noted on the walls. A cordon has been placcd around the mosque to guard against infection.
Bulgarian border is the raault of -'?
diploniat-'c iircariMnifCfM.'tit. which hM
for its object the applkation of '-rcss
nra upon BtUajaiia tb modify her
rlalms. Kussla, too, is ucting ?s n
mcdlator and ir prtpared to guaiantre.
if Bulgaria deslres it, that Turkey ahall
not convey troops to any points <>n th
Blnrk Pea coast whlle tho ncgotiatlons
Sir E. Grey Opt.mistic.
The powora OOBtlaua to exchange
vIcwk, and the Turkish Ainbaaaador,
Tawtti r.i.ii.i. i- a fraejuent vialtor to
Sir Edward Grey, the I'.riu.sh K"f> 8~
Bacrotary. Tho latter, |_ | prlvate let?
ter, aays that the pioapaoU of u 801U
Uoa nf the Europaan sltuation ar
unsatlsfactory, hut that he will be
compelled to keep close to hia 8008 for
some time yet.
The Austro-Hervian eoulroveray o*af
Albania and a port for Servia on tha
Adrlatic- is .oiihldered aB havlng tak>n
a more favorable turn, and |n Vlennu
thla ls credited to the attitude: of Itus
sia ln dlscouraging Servia troin making
clalme that Austria is not able to con
Italy, aCOordlBf tn the "Tribuna," ls
ready to adtnlt Pervla's rlght to an
Adriatlc port, but InslMs upon absolutc
autonomy for Albania.
From several Qtaak aoUTC*8 l ome.s
news of the Rusalan rOOOgnlUon ol UM
deflnlte Greek OOCUpatloa of Sulonica.
This.it is thought.may pjoaalMp be the
playing of a Slav eard la tb* tc?mc for
points pteparatory to tbe nnal uottle
ment, and Austrla's attitude in thla
.connectlon ls awalt'd ylth ( onslderable
Poaition of Russia.
No in-Virmation is yet obtainnble u
to whctlitr Rusala la playing her haii'l
alone ln this matter <,r whetlier she Is
acting ln eonjunetion with the othar
members of the Triple Entente. Great
Britaln and I'rancc. The general un
derstanding. however, was that the
future of Salonlca was to bc l*ft fOf
arrangement by a conference of the
powers If Qraaea ia to remaln there
permanentlv that fact ,'eems ma
terlally to discount Austrin'H sugs:e*tion
that the Servlan deslre for 8 fieaport
mlght be tatisf.ed by her obtalnlng ac
cess t6 the i-Rgean.
MontenegTln troops are Btill hotly en
gaged ln the nelghborhood of Han Glo
vannl di Medua on the Adriatlc, which
Klng Nlcholas perrlsts ln his deter
mlnation to aelze. ln pplte of the Aus
trian and Itallan prot**ta Aecordlng
to the offlcial newspapers of Vlenna
the declaratlon of Klng Nlcholas will
not affect the attitude of Auatrla.
whose demands ln connectlon wlth the
Adriatic ports will not be changed.
A mt-t-tlng between King Ferdlnand
of Bulgaria and Klng 1'eter of Servia
is expected to take place at Belgrade
next .week. Th* premlerB of the allled
atatoa will also be ln attendance to
diacuea the whole qtiestlon of the dls
^ributlon of the apolla ot war.
PROPAGANDA TO RESTORE
SULTAN ABD-UL HAMID
Ottoman Government Rcalizes
That More Resistance Means
Conetantinople, Nov. 16.?Flring has
been heard all day frojn the varlous
heights ln the dlrection of Tchataldja,
but the naturc or the result of the en
gagement has not been learned.
It ia reported that the Hulgarians
have attacked tbe Turkish j.osltlon at
Buyuk Tchekmedo.he, on the Sea of
Marmora, and that tbe Turkish war
shlp* hava been occupled all day in
shelling Bulgarian dotaebments at va
rious places along the coast.
Several leadlng -Young Turks were
aneflter.: ln Constantinople to-day, ln
cludlng l/Ulataaaa Nar.if, ex-Vall of
l;ugdad and Muhl Eddin, edltor of the
newspaper "Tutiln." for complicity In
an alleged plot to upset the govern?
ment. Other arrests are linpending ln
connectlon with the propaganda to re
atore tbe ex-Sultan Abd-ul Hamid to
RflfUfflfla say that a portion of Ito
| doflto baa been destroyed by fire. The
I cfeoJara epidemic haa incrcased greatly
of late. A large num'ner of patlenta
have been pl.v-ed ln the Mosrjue of *t
Bophte, where n coxdoa haa been ea
No i botarfl patients are sent to the
but little pre'cautlon is taken to
i j r< rflnl l-f_f__fl brlngltig lt ln. Kugl
tlvflfl oontlntia to t rowd afotind the city
wallfl. TralBlofli-8 of them are belng
m ut ofl __U] aloriK the rallroad lnto
Asl.i Iflnor. Manjr of the forelgn re-i
v. ho were wllllna to rlak the
c hance of a fanatlcal 4>utbr*ak are de?
part ii.g for L'urope beeause of the
Owing to the serloua increase ln the
flpMflflflk tUn Forelgn Mlnister hua con
VOkfld an extraoi-i^Hry meeting *t?
morrow of the International Panitary
Board, at which ha will personaliy prc
side, fur tiie purpose' of adopting
sr-rious ineabines for combatlng the
The Porte har recelved an arknowl
' edgment of its commiinlcatlon respaet
}lng direct negotlatlona with the Batknn
| SUtesi The allles at present are ar
ranglns terms which will be m*de
known to the i'orto ln due courae.
Thus the aarviflflB "f the rowers will
be dispensed with, and offUial circlea
in C(>nst.?ntinr?ple are not sorry truat
they have sueceeded ln furestulllng
thi'in. liecaum- 1hey conslder th*)
l-owers' de< laration that th*y would
assumo no rinpooelrjillty for the terraa
Which Ihe four Btatflfl mi&ht lay down
as an encouragement to the Balkrm
States to peir.^Ht in the war.
Young Turke Quit Capital.
The depaTture of pTomlnent membera
Of the Young Turk. party for FAirope l?
cor.siderr d hy many an foreahadowlng a
posslble return of the old reglme, In
which case the Young Turk leadera
would be thfl flrat sufferere. In any
case, tho Inbmal situation ls a aource
of much hpeculatlon. and nobody ha*
any idea of what will happen.
Tiie opinion ls g?neral here that the
war is practlcally over. The Ottoman
g,v.-rniii*nt fully reallzea that further
rtsibtance can only prejudlce the posi
tiou of Turkey und lead to even more
With tho exception of the chauvl
nlstic Hotapurs the bulk of public
opinion li bcginnlng to rally to the
vlew taken by reaponaible atatesmen.
und lt la generally hoped that the
best poflfllbta (ondltlons of peace will
be secured. lt is recognized th*t prac
tlcally the whole of fcuropcan Turkey
is lost, so much so that the banks and
the Councll of the Ottoman Public
Debt are already taklng stock of their
own intereats ln the loat provlncea
with a vlew to protecilng theraaelvea
when the tlme comea for a flnal aet
tlement to ba made.
Thoy hope that the lntereata ot the
bondholders will be better aafeguardad
this time than waa the caae at the
Birlin rortgres*.. To that and the
councll of the Ottoman Public Debt
has suggasted to Ita Europaan ayndl
catea the advlsabllity of approacning
the powera on.tho aubject. whlle a
Btatemeht of the rovenues wrmark-d
for the aervice pf the public debt ln the
provlne-s tha natlonal abatua of wtilch
ls now changing la belng drawn up
for the uae of th.- nmbaa-adors of the
Kuropet.n powers at Conatantinople.
The tjtal of those revenues is about
Besid-.s the abovo Intereata, there
are aJao those pf the railroadUi and
of tho loana BecUrad on certaln ftxed
revenuea which alao have to be oon
eidered and for which freeh arranga
ments will become neceaaary.
Hltherto only a few of the aoldterB
badly wounded ln battle have arrlved
here. A number yf the invallded men
are affected hy blood p_i?onlng and
Kdiigrene, owing to their woundB not
belng treated for aeveral daya atter
belng lnflicted. The doctora ln attaa
dance de< lare that many of tba
wounds h_ve''Leat_ flfllMnfllcU-l
L_ng llnes of cai-__oa commaa
deered ln the Turklab capltal are belng
used for the tranarort of the slck and
wounded men to the tmprov'sed hos
The scheme of defence dra-vn up
hy the commandera of tbe foreign w-r
Bhlp? here provldea only for the pro
tfctlon of forelgner* and not the pre?
ventlon of massacr**, the fear of
whleh, however. ha* now been largely
dlsbipated. Tho Oerman crulser Goe
ben arrlved to-day.
Newa from the tnterlor of AsU Minor
ahoaJI that there la some unreat, and
fears are *xpr?*s*d that fanatlcal nnd
revolutlonary outbr.-aks may occur
there lf thr central Turkish govern?
ment should b*oom* further dlear
GOVERN _FA_kL_N CITIES
Four Bulgarian Consuls in
Turkey Are Now Prefects.
Sofa, Nov. 16.?The "Mir" rheracter
taeB ea "pure lnventlons*' the varloue
publlahe reporta deacriblng pitched
hattlea on th* Tchataldja llnes, where.
lt aaaerta, up to th* preaent there have
been nothing more than brushea wlth
the Turkish advance guard.
Th* offlcial dlapatchea merely state
that the Bulgarian troops are 8888*80
trutiiig In front of the Turkish llne of
Four forra*r Bulgarian coneula ln
Turkey have b**n appolnted profects
at Herrea, Kirk-KlllBBeh, Lrama and
Klng Ferdlaand of Bulgaria ls now
at Klrk-KlllSBeh. but lt ls rcported that
he la preparlcg to start for Tehutaldja
The Journey can be made along the
rallroad from Ktrk-Kitlseeh, which is
now In full operatlon ?s far as Tcher
, kesskeul, th* aecond statlon from
Offlcially Recojnizei New Au
thority in Salonica.
Athene. Nov. 16 -The Bteamer Athlnal
ho's arrlved at tlie PIohus, brlnglng
delegatlons from the Islands of Thasos.
Imhros and Samothrace to lay before
the government resolutlons adopted by
the lnhabltants of tbose islands de
mandlng annexatlon to Ureec*.
Aboard the Oerman steamer Tenedos,
captured at Lemnos and brought to the
Plrasus. were artlcles of furniture be
longlng to tha ex-Fultan, Abd-ul
Huaala has recognited the Greek oc
rupatlon of Salonlca as deflnlte. ae?
cordlng to a dispatch recelved here to
day. The Ruaslan COMOl at Salonlca
1b stated to have recelved a clpher dis?
patch from 8t. Peteraburg inatructlng
hlm to recognlie Oreclan rule formally
and to plane hlm*?lf under the Jurlsdlo
tlon of the Roaalan Lcgatlon at Athena.
Th* Rusatan Conaul. accompanled by
the commander of the Russlan war
shlp* Btatloned at Salonlca, Immedlate?
ly vlslted Crown Prlnee Oonetantlne
and communlcated to hlm the orders
he had recelved from the Ruaalan gov?
The Metropolitan of Athena ls al.
ready arranflnc th* changea neceaaary
to adapt to tb* requlrementa of the
Orthodox Cburob tbe anciant Church of
Bt. Demetrlua, at Salonlca. whlrh th*
Turks had traneformed Into a moaque.
The laat daya of Turkish rule in
Salonlca were daya of anarchy, aecord?
lng to dlapatchea recelved here from
The (ireek Mlniater of Justlce, M.
Ractlvan. wbo went there to repneaent
the Qra*k government, waa accom
I anled by Colonel Monferratoa. wlth
atrona dotaohmenta of Oreek and Cre
tan nvllttary poltce. He took Immedlate
atepa to r*-e*)tabllah ordor. and th*ae
were completely Bucoeaaful. Hlnee then
a fre>m contlngent of Greek mllltary
police haa been dlepatched to Balonlca.
Bands of MuBBUlman Albanlansfrom
the dlatrlcta'of Upper Albania ccrntlnue
to plllage and commlt outragea ln
Northern Eplrua. and the diatrlct of
Argyrocaatro, which was lnhahltcd al?
most entlrely by Oreeks, aecordlng to
a aeral-ofnVJa! announcement. The dla?
trlcta htv** be*n devaetated and practl
cal'.y depopulated by thaa* ayatenvatlo
GRAND DUCHESS MILIT-A
AT HEAVY BOMBARDMENT
Shells Fall Close ?o Steamer
Carrying Her and Her Father,
Rieita, Moatanegro, N'ov. uv-King
Ntcbohu?j Moeoapaalad by bla aon-Ui
law, the Ituaataa Qrand Duka Patar
Nlknlaloxlb'h and the Qrand D h.-ss
Mintza, his eldeel daughter, ambarkad
on Frlday an 8 laka steamer tQ I'*
the operatiOM <n fr..-nt of Scutari. The
fcteamer lmrn.dlat.lv l? 08888 a target
for Turkish ahalla irbtoh fell in un
pleasantly ohMM pr.'XirnItjr.
His aaajaaty on th*. afaamar folloirad
the work of the Mori!er..'grln centre
'oiumn on the plata bafof* Bontaii. At
noon a h?avy bombardment opened on
all sldes. Montenegrln shells several
ttmes struck the higl.c-t point of Mount
Tarabonh, den:i; . ;<>iad.j of smoke aris
At 8 o'clock ln the afternoon a
Turkish battery ccupylng an exceed
Ingly strong poaftlOfl at Qolea was
The Turks evn-untod the poaitlOB
amld Ihe cheers of the Montenegrlns.
Subsequently shells struck a magaz'ne
in the town and 1180188 were fK'tx to
After thla Btioi taaful bombardmefrt
fourt.-en battalioM of lnfan.tr/ CfOOaed
the Katl Itiv.-r to the north-.ist md,
Jolnlng handa wlth th* troops 00 that |
flde. made a unlted assault OB the j
Turktab PoaltlOBg to the i ust of tbe
town, drlvlng the en.-my out
ftf*anwbU*t h dl~l*B*n under oon-l
mand of General M.utlnoviti :i had !
gieat 8U00808 00 the oppoolt* aid* of
th.> Boyaaa Rlver. In th.- diracfon of
San Glovannl dl Medua. The dlvislon
eneountere.l L8O0 Tuik*. who OOCttptad
the slopea of Mount Marballtacha, over
looklng the Dtin Rlvar. A aarara an*
gagement ensued. Uistlng all the after
tiooti. Th>- Turks dcfended the posi?
tion* herolrally, but war* unable to
arttbatand tba atronaar afontenagrln ar
tlllerv tlre nnd gradually wIthdrWW.
The .Montenegrlns followed this up
by attacking the vrhola front and driv
lng the Turks ln haadlong fiiKht toward
A]of\t> The eneiiu' wit man* dead
nnd w iimded on th* battlefi Id. The
Montene,;rln lO**** <***X* *I*0 h< avy.
FOR ALBANIAN AUTONOMY
Delimitation of Frontiers a
Task Beset with Difficulty.
fBy C"a?.|w to Th* Trtruin*. 1
Pnris, Nov. laV?Althcuirh Kuropean
diplomacy seems reconclled to lntrust
Itig peucc negotlatlons to dlrect ar
rangements between the B.tlkan League
and the Turks, there is ne\ ertheless
conBlderable uneasincss ln reg.-ud to
AustrU-Hungary's nianlfest Inti-ntlon
to secure Albanian autonomy.
Knormous dlffi. ulMcs will atteiwl the
proposed delimlnation of a frontler for
the Albanians, aj ho are wild sh--| berda
and freebooteiH who have never had
any frontlors whatsoever.
"We are by no tr.eans out of the
wood yet," ls the slKnlflcant remark
made to the Trlbune eorrespondent to
day by an emlneiit l-'reiich stat.-sman.
Another cause for appivlu-nsion is
the strong feellng among mllltary men
that the sudden collnpse of the Turk?
ish mllltary syatem Indicates that iu
th* *vent of another war even greater
eurprlses would bo In store for other
natlons, and the Frcnch general staff
seems fully Justilled ln Its renewed con
fldence ln the marked supcrtorlty of the
Creuiot fleld guns and of the taotlcal
organlaatlons and metho.la of the Bul
gurinn and Bai*l*ll arml>-v, arhlch are
based excluslvely on French nrndels
and on the French system.
AMERICANS IN PERA SAFE
Washington, Nov. 16.?The State De?
partment has recelved from the American
Kmbasey at Conatantlnople a telegram
glvlng a reaaaurlng ret>ort of safcty of all
Amerlcana in fonstantlnople and the lm
Coples of photugraiihs purporttng to
ahow the atroeltles practlsed In the praa
ent war between Turkey and the Balkan
States were recelved at the Turkish Km
bassy to-day. One plcture doplcte n Turk
lah eoldler captured by the MontenegTlne,
wlth hl? nose and llpa hacked away.
Plctnre* of other mutllated soldlera also
were la the collectlon.
DISCREDITED IN LONDON
Lieut. Wagner, of Vienna, Used Knowingly
or Unknowingly by the Bulgarian
Staff to Send Colored Reports.
London. Nov. 10-Utter dlscredit ia
now thrown by milltary experts in
England on the reporta publlahed in
Vlenna newapapers of the movements
and operatlona of the Bulgarian and
other armlea in the fleld. The reputa
tlon of Lleutenant Wagner, of tho
?Kelchspoat," which went up like a
rocket when he waa clalrolng to be the
only correspondent witnesslng the bat
tles, haa now fallen llke a Btone.
The English newapapers express the
opinion that the Viennese war corre?
spondent has been used knowlngly or
inno<ently by the Bulgarian Btaff to
.end reports of movemenis of the Bul?
garian attnies for the purpose of mis
laadlBf the Turks. The great battle
which he declared had been fought
nearly a fortnlght ago at the line of
Tchataldja, when the Iflflflflfl were de
Cbu-d by him to have exeeeded those
af hole Burgaa, never occurred.
( me correspondent with the Bulgarian
headquarters declarea that Lleufcnant
Wngner was at headquartera most of
the tlme during the battle of Klrk
Kllisaeh, which he claimed to have wlt
iiesscd, and that he would have haj to
rlde two hundred mlles ln two days if
he had eeen lt.
Vienna, Nov. 16. ? Corre?pondenta
have been debarred by the Bulgarian
commanders from aenrii ig any ln
formation as to the e< ur.,<; of the war
beeause the leaders wi. h *o cr*_te an
accompllahed fact before ailowing tha
movements of their troops to be pub
lished, aecordlng to a dispatch from
Lleutenant Wagner at Sofla to tha
The dlspatches of Lleutenant Wagner,
have been given great prominence by
certain New York newspapers, and one
of them claimed exclualve rights ln tbia
country to hia llterary product.
NOT FEAR CHOLERA
But Dr. O'Connell ls Taking
Every Precaution as to
BIG JOB FOR THE VICTORS
Health Offlder Declares World
Will Watch How Bulgars
Aid Plague Victims in
' th Offlcer O'Connell of the Port
Of New York, referrlng last nlght to
the cholera situation In Turkey and
! Hulwarla and its effect on immlgra
tlon from Adriatic ports to New York,
?New York ne*d not be alarmed, but
i it would be v?ry unwise not to be
f con.-erned in the pathogenlc con
' ditions which are the outcome of the
I war in Turkey. All wara that are ex
! tenslve are i roductlve of dlsease, and
f ars in the East are always produc
tive of cholera epldemlcs. We exp-cted
hucIi a situation as may come to our
Ijiorts from the Itallan-Turklsh war.
but the perfect organiaotlon of the
Italian forces and their utili-atlon of
Bclentltlc preventive and quarantlne
tnethoda conflned the cholera to the
field of milltary operatlona.
"In Turkey w? have the reverse
condltlona. The erut-hlng defeata that
have overwhelmed the Turklah em
plre .iave thnmughly d*inor_llzed ita
milltary and 8___tsr_r forces. and the
latter were not of the best at any
time. Consequently. the world has con
Mderable to be anxlou* about in the
reports of a wave of cholera sweep
ing over tha milltary campe thrown
up in the outer defence? of Conatan?
tinople. An army wrecked. atarving,
panlCHtricken, broken by blow after
blow. cannot stand up againet any
ipidemie of cholera, and a govern?
ment paralyzed in ita milltary arm
oinnot opply, even lf lt could formu
lnte. the neeensary aanltnry measurea
'.n the premlses.
"It will be a meaaure of the civlliza
tion of the vktors to aee how promptly
and effeotively they will send the beat
pinsiciariH and moat thorough and
modern eanltarl.ini to deal with the
suffering people of tho conquered do
minion. Tbe Balkan States and Greece
have nn immt'dliite Intereat of the ut
mopt gravlty in the checklng o( thla
isf, ii nd tho intereat of Austrin
nnd ltely is hardly leaa Intlmate and
"The great stream of irr.rnlgratlon
that contea to this port from the Eaat
ern Medlterranean and Adriatic porta
1 i__gl us into the communlty of in?
tereat. for from such porta ln the year
that ended last July eame more than
12S.000 lnvmlgrants to New York. Of
these there were 1.336 Turks, , 5,525
ByiiaUB, 5,222 Armenlans, 31.566 Oreeka
and 10,667 Bulgarians, Servlana and
"It would be very foollsh not to ex
pect that this stream of Immlgratlon
will be contamlnated to some extent by
the Turkish situation, and, indeed, in
the expectatlon of auch an exlgency, we
havo been glving apeclal care to the
examlnatlon of pasaengera from Adri?
atic and Eaatern Medlterranean porta
for some months.
"We may escape cholera in thla port,
but it will be remarkable lf we do ao,
and we muat be prepajred to meet it
and hold lt at Quarantlne.' I do not
think it will get beyond that. Wa hav*
bean maklng lmprovementa for the laat
eight montha with Just auch a situation
In view, but we ahould go much fur?
ther and perfect the phyaicai equlp
me-nt here, so that all the paaaengers
W4i may have to remove from lncomlng
Vflflflfllfl may be accommodated without
difflculty and without the danger at
tendant upon the last cholera vlalta
tlon at thla port."
RUMANIA PUTS PRESSURE
ON FIGHTING NEIGHBOR
Plaoes Strong Bodies of Troops
at Points on Bulgarian
London, Nov. 18.?Rumania is report
ed to have placed atrong bodies of
troopa at three polnta on the Bulgarian
frontier. The movemant la believed to
be the reault of dlplomatlc arrange
mentH ao that presaure can be applled
to Bulgarla ln order to keep tha termsI
of the armiatlca wlthln n.oderatlon.
ELOPING WIFE SELF-SLAIN
Remorse Goads Brooklyn Wom
.n to Suicide in Philadelphia.
ffjy TVlegraga t* The Trlr.i ?
Philadelphia, Nov. 16.?RemorHefu! over
deserting her husband and ftTTn rrar %j*
son, Mrs. Marle Davldson, of No $Js Park
avenue, Brooklyn, blew out her braJna
with a revolver In thla city to-night.
Mrs. Davldson elopt-d wlth Anthoay
Maajln, a boarder at her home, two weelu
ago. Yesterday ahe told an acqualntanc*
that her heart was breaklng for her
famlly, and that she could not llvo with?
Rather than touch any of the funa*
which sh? had deposited ln a bank here,
Mrs. Davidfon pawuad her dlamonu ring
and bought a revolver. When her com
panlon had left the hcnsc she sat down In
a rocklng ehafr and ended her llfe. F>. eioie
dld she hold the revolver to her head that
the shot set her dresa afire. and the police
had to extinguieh the flames.
Frank Krebs, a brothcr of Mrs. Oavld
son, who llves at No. C97 Hamburg ave?
nue, Brooklyn, sald last BtgM I
Blater had Kone to Philadelp'r.ia artt \r.
thony Magin, and had left her hisbmd
and boy ln Brooklyn at No. 625 Park a~k>
nue. Kreba added that ho eaaalaaa' a letter
from her a week ago, ln which she wroie
that ehe was diteatlsfled. but she dld rot
l&ttmate that she intended t<> Klli
Frank Oavldson, her husband, -
MAY iNDICT N* Y. CENTRAL
Government Investigating Pay?
ment of Heavy Rebates.
Chlcago, Nov. lti.?Uoveiiiment off. M
admltted to-day that tl.c- federal grand
jury had etarted an lnvestlgatlor. ai:h
the object of see king Inrii'tments BgaJaal
the New York Central Railroad Cempaaaj
and an Illinois coal mlnlng corporat:on,
on eharges of extenslve ptbattng.
Payment to the coal oorpoaml
000 by the railroad ls said to fumlall the
baals for the government action. It ia
aald that the Interstate Comrn.-r
mlsaion haa been dlssatisiled with the ex
planation for this payment offer.d
Tba 0*Oara Coal company, of CMcaaai
ls menUoned ln connectlon wlth tlu HBO
W. A. Brewerton, secretary of tk> 8881
company, was called before tbe f*dfT*l
grand Jury yesterday.
Professor Lord, of Columbia,
Has New Teaching Plan.
In a statement in "Tba C -
Alumnt New b," lssued \e--tcrday. A >tln
W. TiOrd. the newly appolnted dlractat of
the Columbia School of Ari .-:ltect\irc, auf
ges?a that a new plan be adopt.-d ln the
teaching of archlteeture ln tbta coun?
try. At the present time there la 'iothlng
at all dlstlnetlve about Amerl.-an archl?
teeture, aecordlnjr to Mr. Lofd. <in.l lt
behooves archltectural school* to evalve
some style that will really be worth whlle.
H* believe* that the atudent ahowkl **?
gln wlth the eonventloral 088*8 <"? len.
and after thelr masterv abo M 8*t 8
thorough drilllng In form. Mr. Lord ?*>'?
1 do not believe that the r-eit result*
can be obtalned where an ar. hltecturai
department Is an adjunct to a university.
for the aimple reason that th< methedt
which must neeessarlly be apriied ln the
teaching of an art are so absu.utely dlf
ferent from the methods etaploy*! P
tea hlng any other subject.
When our present schools are oi_*?tae*
Into one central school of ar? are afcal
then have an organlzatlon eale tl
develop the atudeat uader the nmst fa
voiable conditionB. We are crlticiaed for
our method of taacblna an hltectiir*
through the medlum of the rlementa M
co-called olasslc archlteeture t.n-1 the -P
pllerttion of these ulements 1 think ?
am rlght in aaylnR that this has eoajg
down to 08 as a tradltlon. lt ia >.mpiyt
a method of teaching "proportioa
through the medlum of eertain forraa ?
any one will propoae t)??tter. m<>re IngKl.
more Intcrestlng, more lnsplrlna forma
there Is r.o doubt of thelr *dopt!"n.
The archltect's tra!nlnj? should ?Jj'
brnce Instructlon in all the erta an* "?
should work ln closer relatlon wlth other
artlsts? the BClllptor and tbe pafateT. II
should work ln much closer relatlon wttn
the onglueer, and are are aJJ aatlafled that
the englneer should work m"re ln har"
mony wlth the archltect. or at h-ast oe
VoHscBB<-d of eertain arohitertura' a', >>?'_
edge which would aid hlm in .leMxnlna
the varloua atructures that lt ls i r*?
of hla work to bulld. _^
The whole operatlon of teaching arcM?
tecture ls practlcally a business under*
taklng on an artlstlc basls. It is a ?>read?
and-butter propoaltion. I should llke t*
aee every man on leavlng Columbia *!?'?
to earn hla own bread and butler. lf he
. cannot e*rn lt when he leaves Columbl*
he will probably never be worth his aalt
Traces of "Age" Removed
Imparfect Features Correctcd
Flabby China, Saggina;
Chceka, Puffy or Looae
Skln around tbe eyea
the loose skin so
OraatMt ~ac? InatlluUon *&??
Inth* World. "^
Call or wrlt* for full InformaUon.
1122 Broadwty, New York.