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month. Sl "- f'r.e y.-ar.112.26
DAILY AM. "r-KDATl
One; month.II "O One year.110 5R
One month.* r-" Oae year.ttoo
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?atflred at t'ie Pltlfllll a: ffflW Tork as
" ul Vatter
Our readers wll, ronfer a favor by adetatBg
ua when they aie unal.le to procure a copy
of The Trlbune from thelr newaelealer
Addr.-s* Trlbune. elreulation Department
yrHAT IS SArE SPEED?
Bpeed probably cavaed the New
Haven Railroad accident Bl Greens
Farms. The train araa going il about
a mile a minute-l.fhind the sohed-i>
nc ls asual when such things hnppet.
snd that probably hnd a good detl to
do wlth the brenking of n part of the
running gear, whlch, ar*cordlng to tlie
latest theory. brought about the de*
railment. It WAA speed also which
caused tbe two more serious accidents
whlch oecurred on tbe same road re?
cently at Westport and Pridgeport?
upeed and tbe BSndt-f of swift ei
pi-esses through CfOBBorflffB. Tbe New
Haven Railroad long enjoyed a good
reputation for freedon from acddents.
It bns in recent years incrensed tbe
ppeed of Its expresses and limited
trains. An unusual number of serious
accidents haa followed. This may ba
a mere- eoincidenee Again. the ItOO-t
dlsasters may be due to tbe operation
of faster trains on tracks OOUfiOtfld
with traffic. tbe present general con?
gestion belng reflected in tbe shortage
of frelght cars througbout the count/y.
Congestion of traffic CaOBga delays.
witli consequent apoedtng tei make up
for time thus lost and compels more
use of crnssovers than is usual. lt is
remembered that Bfl e*sp<*cially lanre
nnmber of railroad acddents oecarrod
througbout the country Ifl lfMKJ and
1907, when Ihe railroad*. wer.' grei'.tly
overbtirdened with frelght traffic.
The railroad men and public author
itlt's should deterniine what is the
cause of tbe present se-ries of frequent i
accidents and take effective measures
for the* protection e,f passengers. The;
<-ouiitr*. is now SBtarlflg upon a period ;
of husiue-ss actlvity when tbe railroads j
will he strnlned to handle the frelght
coming to theiu. What is needed ls a
proframOM which will make travelling
just as safe as it was during tbe last
few years, when many frelght cars were
Idle It wlll not do tO assuine thej
belpl__a attitude which tiie New Haven,
road ussumed after the Westport accl
dent. when it put all the blame upon
tbe snghMOf arho (Udnl obtty ofderg,
geOOaptlnf 00 HBIMmBlMlHj for its own
failure tO compel blm to obey orders
Off to make lt lapOOfflblO tor hlm to dis
obey them, and which it now seems;
raodj lo assume in taklng tbe ground '
th.it tiie breaking of running gear is
i-ne of tbose- things tbat it is inmossible,
to guard against. The public gave thej
railroad Its franchise and pfljg it hand-j
somely to provleie safe transit, and it ls
its business to do BO.
As for speed. It has been tadtly ad?
mltted by two of tbe most lmportant
railroads, operating tw<. of tbe fastest'
trains ln the country, that lt ls not al-1
ways safe to run trains as fast as they J
can be made to go. The New Yt>rk .
Central and Pennsylvania roads length- J
ened by two hours the schedule time of
thelr two fast trains to Chlcago, for tbe
winter at least. thus recognlzing that
there are conditions under which the
bighest speed is dangerous. What ls
needed ls some determittatlon as to the
couditlons under which hlgh speed ls
safe. What conditions of track and
way and equlpment are necessary to
tuake a rate of fifty or sixty mlles an
hour feaslble. and do the roads whlch
attempt to run trains at such speed
always live up to them? Apparently
they do not, for tbe crossovers of so
rlch and generally well eqtilpped I rail?
road as tbe New Haven bave been pro
nounced by experts to be unsafe and
the railroad Itself seems to concede
that they are, for lt ls replacing them
with longer ones. Hailroads whlch arel
taklng chances with high speed underj
present conditions ought to follow tbe!
example whlch the New York Central j
and Pennsylvania railroads set with
regard to thelr Chicago "flyers."
ressimistle phfloeopbera have held
tbat tbere ls no llmlt to human credu
lity If so. tlvero ls pi'rhaps teinptatlou
',, eipzally unlimited memhte'ity. lf!
? very Iie tbat is told is sure to be
?elieved by someb'Hly, why should liars
,,.f bave free OOWM to run and be?
rortfled. ln tiiis rloar of the case. it
ls porbaps not t<? i?c wondored at tbat
mehody has revived tbat crazy forg
, <if a let'er freun "J. M Hre.ik
?izni). Assistant Serretary of Str.te"
wiio nev er exi*-ted?to the command
:ig genoral of tbe army. oittilning
I:in- for thfl] 'eimiuesl of the West
Iiield-s. presiimnbly gg a praftCO tei the
otiepte -t of Bll Lflttfl America.
In fact this wr.-t'he'd falaahOOd i**
not epiit.. thfl BM *t ti.'iblu-liing or the
most prapoatereaa ol the ktod iIimt baa
bflOB put fe*rtb It atfBS apparently rtv
vlvitl iu this year's Presidential <am
p.ii'_n. wlth tbe mallcious gtpoctfltiOII
that iiy elim-redPing the American
l-oi ' it mlght CTert SOflM reticx
inllue_'iiiHA.ion nr domestie- poUtlca,
It hael w 'Ti'.'ln in tbfl e-ampalgn of
1!'<?*\ when lt wah rom-octed flrtth tbe
MIM misernbb1 purpose Rut feiur
years eailie-r arlll |g tiie Presidential
e-ampaign of UMM. a still v!le>r trick
of the aame klnd was attempted. A
man went to Pnnamn from this conn
try as tht alleged represcntative Of ?
great pottttf__ organizatim. and there
erolrad the story that in r.*'" tbt
American President had brlbed tl"'
Ooiomblgn Prealdenl wttb $__aonO \o
foment the Panatnaa r-rnlutlon tgainal
Colorabla. nnd be offered, If provlded
wiib enimgh money for bla work, to
se.-urc documentary evldence of such t
n w.mid aeein thal -Bch _-_?_?
Bbou-d be bapoeafble oot__d? 0- bed
hui). Yet the fhitoeophk theorj ifore
s-ii'i eeemlnglj et-co-i-gea tll('lr J)rol>
agatlon among those W_0 ibooM be
sane. nnd the deplorub!. (ad li lha*
when put forward tlii-y ar- aitually
neoeptod as true hy soine pei-OM Bl
dl-tnnt lnnds. to the disomlit and re
pmadb of thi* country. Perhgpa aome
daj ioom atonl pet-fl-effcel bBctef-*
ogfcrt will dtecorer tne germ of su'-n
madncae and 'iiso a __nun fotltH I***
vention or its cure. Tntd then we
must endure the oocaslonal infli.tion
Wtth such fortltude hh we can eummoii.
THE NEW APPLE OF DISCORD.
inp-as-to-Wnr nre pettlnc well 4>n tow?
ard the war ittge. To those who
rememlier bOW, even in their nrregen
erate Kepubliimn days, Mr. Prentlei
gaat and Mr. Hotchklss used to i>ht}
Damon nnd Pytblas to admirinp nudi
onoes ih- growing evldence that the
serpent 1ms entered their Bdeg and
that the canker Of Jealou.-y ts ln their
' bearti -raal he paiuf-l Tet retlf-oa
:"..(! mvthnloev _0__-_a_ te show that
: the talnl of iniperfection always creeps
latO ererj soheme Of human bllss.
I Whether ll I>e the apple. or Pandora's
box, or the unhrotherly quarrel Of
-teanthH Ho-ehldae and Bemui Pre*
dergaal on the hills of Rome or the
i field ot Armngeddon? we forget which
?somethlnc always tnrns up to rernlnd
! the htppy pooaeoooraof consclous virt
M tbal tbii is a world of . in. .So the
present ill feeling ln the Progressive
party may simply he taken to tnean
that the Full MoOOOfe I re human. If
we put aslde the notlon thnt they are
I hodv of saints and oonsider them ns
just ordinary polltlclana their conduct
j hecomes perfectly understnndable and
1 the ri-gieaalTa orgnnization gets down
1 from the clouds ln the shape of a
1 polltlcal party with natural appetites
i and passions.
Mr. Prenderpast doesn't want any
hull moose tosslng its horns around
recklessly in the munlclpal chlna shop
r.ext fail. He has a lot of chlna of
his own on the shelves. ITis only
chance to he re elected rontrollcr ls In
an anti-Tammany unlon. He is con
vlnced that a separate Dull Moose
movement "would not only he suloidal
"for the Progressive pnrty. hut wickeil
from a civic point of vlew." On tho
other hand. Mr. Hotchklss, whose chlef
ol.Jeet in llfe is to visit the wrath of
<;od on every Repnhllcan organlzntion
man ln the state?whether he is a just
judge seeklng re-electlon or n candi?
date for Mayor ln a non-partlsan fight
-ls perfectly wllllng to encrince aii
his wlfe's reintions and his dear friend
Mr. Prondcrgast to that nohle anitd
tion He is devoted to n "cause." and
even thnt extreme of self-abnegation
does not stagper him. Better I fiou
sand Prenderpasts thrown to the Tiper.
alonp with the whole City of NtW
York than failure to defeat anything.
however good. that the Itepublkaii
party of this state has n hand ln.
Then. too. the Armngeddon Twins
find an apple of dtfCOfd ln the Iion.
Timothv WeOdT-ff. The austere Mr.
Hotchklss regards "Tim" as a braud
snatched from the hurninp. as a peni
tent whose place is the mourners' seat.
Mr. Prenderpast regards him as a
strong i^aptain of the Lord. nnd he has
roason to do so, for "Tlm" has been
good to the f.ontroller and helped him
to his present greatness. It was a sad
exhibltion of narrowness when Mr.
Hotchklss ruled Mr. Prenderpast ont
of the nomination for Governor just
hecause "Tlm" was pushlnp him. Now
Mr. Prenderpast is not only grleved
bat outraged beeause "Tlm." wlth all
his experience of leirlslation. is ipnored
in formlng the Progressive legislative
committee. He flnds that "ordinary
polltlcal wisdom and decency" were
ignored by somebody in namlng it, and
that some'body was, ln his opinion. not
Mr. Straus, hut a "sotin-e" which evi
dently looks to him like what ln nn
old political party would be called a
Thus we see human nature unfold
lng ltself ln Bullmoosla.
THE UNIVERBAL LABEL.
Commend to us the remorsele-S logic
of the Chlcago trade unionists who ot?
Ject to their fellows playing on Cre
mona violinB hecause those Instru
ments do not bear the unlon label.
There ls no proof that they are entltled
to bear it. A. Stra4livarlus was not,
so far as we can ascertaln, a member
of the Federation of Labor. On the
eontrary. he appears to have bt*>y a
"scab."' What business. then. has any
labor unionist ti? play one of hi_ scah
made flddles? The pretence that It la
a superlor instmment, and makea
musie superlor to any of modern unlon
productlon. ls Ineonsequentlal and fu
tlle Musie has nothlng to do wlth the
case. The use of a violin lg not to
make mnslc hut to glorlfy the Federa?
tion of Labor
Nor ts that all. We cannot see what
buslness organized lahor has to play
acab written mualc nuy more than to
plny it on scah-made Instrumenta, Did
Iteethoven ever join a union? Do the
first editions of his works bear the
union label7 Not a blt of it. Away
4vlth h's musie: tlett4T the verlest
ragtinio Joggerel hy a tme unionist
thiin a Ninth Syniphony by a "scab."
Nor should we st'?p 'here Where are
the unlon lahels on tbe great hulldings
of the world. the abbeys, cathedrals,
pnldoaa, pjr_a__da1 Tha) are not
then-. Those structures were built hy
??>cabs.' I'nfair. unfair! Put ov'er
the is?rtal of eeeb MWe don't petro
tbis place!" What right has organlzed
labor to enter them or to paze up<in
theml (iood unionists could pui up
other buildlngR ln their places, and
should have the chance.
Nay. but here is this land of ours.
Is it not a proiluct of "scab" enter
('ohimhus wns never a mem?
ber of any Federation of Lalior Not
one of Ua men had a BBlOfl ?ld
I Not one of his ships was stauiped wlth
j the unlon label. Hls dlscovery of
j America WAS I "BCflb" pcrt'ormane*e.
i What business has any loyal unlonist
|fo live* ln such I countryV _Ogk ls
logic." thntV what we say.
A LIMIT TO THE ABUSES.
The "niimeograph case" dOekM by
the Snprenie OtNUl IflBt t*M* Bfld the
"hathtnl- *rust" *** declded by the
Stlpreme Ceuirt yesterday togetber lell
what the holder of a patent _M| do Ut
reetralfl trade and what he may not.
In the' former case it was held that
tbe patentot ol the ntoMognipk Blfhl
ree-uire buyers of hls device tfl 080 witii
it a eertain kind Of ink made* hy hlm?
self. To use another kind of iuk Wfll
dedared fe be an infringement of hls
patent. [fl the second case it was held
tliat the natentee of a tool used Ifl
mantifactiiring enamel bathi'oom tlxt
ures couhl not extend hls patent tO
cover thfl sale price or conditions of
sale eif iirtides made wjth tbat tool.
J The dlstlnetion seems to be that tho
? rlght confo-red upon I patent holder.
' while very broud. dotl BOt extend he
!.on<l the article pab-nted. Monopolistic
pntctkfli wllli retrard to it. even though
Ithey seetn to the public unjust and un
, misoiuible. are sustained. Mono[Hilistic
practi'.'s with reuard to things made
' wlth it are without warrant and un
The line draam is plain enough. it
ls useful, too, so far as lt fOOB, foi at
tompCa bave beofl made to build up
monopolies opoo tne basis of tbe mo
nopoly whlch the bathtub conihlnntion
souglit (o establlsh And lf a patent
on a tool mlght be used to r?*strain
trade Ifl articles manufactured with
tbat tool ln tbe way the bathtub mak
ers sought to restrain trade the puMic
would be at the mercy of a good many
(omhinatloiiB now forbldden. Rut the
mime-tgrapb dedsion leaves the way
open to a bo?t of abuses. Tbe mere
fad that there 1? some llmlt to these
abuses should not discourage efforts to
amend the patent law.
A "Mllleunlum Culld" hns been formrd
in Roston ln an effort to bulld "perfect
lives" for Its members and those who
may fall under Its InfHienoe. As a flrst
step the members wlll adopt a no-meat
dlet: thereafter the-y will stop wear
Inp furs. feathers. leather gloves and
leather shoes. They wlll pledge them
selves not to profit by the dellberate
killlng of any creature.
Meantime little chlldren will be earn
ing thdr living 00 the streets and in
factortflg and mills Weimen wlll be
toillng ln swentshops. where they bar
ter thelr health and the health of thelr
future chlldren for sennty wages
Famllies will l*e 11 vintr In squalld tene
ments which fosfer *ti_**__*9 and crime
In splte of well meaiit and poorly en
forci'd lnws. Thotightless boys wlll be
lured Into crime; Ignorant glrls wlll be
entlced Into lives of shame by vlcb ns
DMfl ln all classes of sodety. The
grinding battle of human llfe wlll gu
on, day after day A "Millcnulutn
Culld" mlght well dflVOtfl Its efforts, It
would seein." to heallng tlu* slck and
caring for the w.uinelod ln that battle.
Rut maybe there's nothlng ln BflflMB.
THE BLOND ESQUIMAUX.
The original ste.ry of Mr. _tflt_flflBOfl
concernlng the blond Ksqulmuux whom
he discoveri'd in thfl OoftOBBtfOB Qfllfl
reglon has bOOfl 10 flOflgljI dfOtOftfld
and perverted as to l.iing upon It BTOCh j
discredit. whlch It !,y BO means de-j
srrves. The slmple facts of the dls-1
covery as he stVited them an- e-re*eli
ble and Imve n,,t been COBtTOfflftfld |
or challengeel. The dOdOCttOM whl< h
.are to be drawn from them are an?
other matter. Mr. Sle-fansse**. ell<| wt
draw any. and neither does his c.im
panlon, I?r. AfldflffBOB, who has m?w
returned tn this eoUBtrj and who pre
cisely conllrms tbe orlginal story. Tbe
orijrln of the tribe. be says, Is at
present subject for mere gucsswork.
Rut there are some ohvlous sugges
tions ceuicerning lt arlsing from known
facts nnd some circumstances pretty
dlrecfly bearlng upon lt.
None of tbe trlhe hns the flat noso
and other IfOflgoHail features. but all
have Caucaslan chnracterlstics. Mauy
of the men have llght halr, eyebrows,
beards and g_t_gtacbflg nnd llgtit eyes.
.Some of the women have fair sklns
and rosy cheeks, hut tlielr halr Is dark.
All other Fsquimnux have black halr
and eyes, fltat BflOflg and skln so dark,
even after the elirt has been removed.
that only ln chlldren ls a touch of red
perceptlble in thelr cheeks. Certainly.
then. there is PBBBOB for stipposing It
probable that these Htrangers are ?t
least partly of Caucaslan?Scandiua
vlan or Tentonlc origin. The sugges
tlon that they mnv be doscended from
survlvors of Slr John Franklln's party.
Intermarrled wltli Fsquimnux women.
wotdd be more tenable If a longer ttflM*
bad elapsed since tbat great tragedy
of the Aretic Rut It was In 1K47 that
Franklln perbhed, and It is s-carcely
concelvable that In only slxty-flve
years so complete a mental and moral j
transfeirmatlon could occur. Thethee-ry
that they are dOflCflttdBBtfl of Ibe eurly
Scnndlnavlan colonlsts. who were nu
BMffOtn ln Creenlnnd. Lahrador and
tbe adjneent reglons. and the ultlmate
dlsposal of some of whom has never
yet been satlsfaetorlly determined. ls
more credl'ile ln point of time It win>
ln the tenth ccnrtiry thal those colonles
were founded bv Krb- the Red. and In
tbe course of the next three centuries
they became widely dlstrlbuted. i.'iilng
as far north ns Melvllle Ray and poofl
tratlng n consldcnthlo distancc west
In the course of tive or six eOBlurffla
of complete Isolation In the Arctlc tvll i
demesses all human charncteristlea Ij
?light naturally BfldflfffO great e-hanges. t
Ye*t lt Is dlfhVult to believe tbat even ]
ln so buig a time ine-n could be so ,
radlcally transfornied. For w,' are ,
told tbat tbe>e- blond Esqulmaux i
liave bo records. no hlstory. no legends. 11
no reliirlon. no marrlage ceremony.
and nppnremtly no Interest In llfe save
to malntnln nn exlstence of the lowest
order. Rut the foOowCffS of Frie nnd
I.e*if were conspicuously religious. re
gardful of Ibe .anetity ?>f marrlage.
nnd. most of all tr. the present point.
given to tbe preservntlon eif hlstory
and legends ln tbe form of eagas. The
coi .iiete disappearance of these cbar
aeterlattea, under eireumstnnce* which
iiu-lit narurally be _upp4>sed to make
for their malntenance and oultlvaflmi.
would be a difflcult matter to explain.
and It preaeatta I Mt-OBB obstacle to
aceeptaBee -?f the throry of the Norse
origiu of this strange trlbe.
Representatives of vartous other
clties are to be enrolled as etudents ln
the Fire Dopartmenta "flre college*'
when Its opens Its next term. Thla is
a deflerved tribute to the efflclency of
the flre flghting force of this city. It
is to be noted that the nrtmen here
do their work well whatever may be
the political compllcations agltating
the people at the top of that depart?
ment. although their tradltional rlval?.
the policemen, can't seem to escape de
It would be an Interestlng slfht to
eee members of the Drltlsh Parllament
VOtlng to abolish their own salaries;
and many of them are qulte capuble of
A "speechless dlnner"? Oh, Joy!
A "Chicago clean food club" has been
organized to banleh cats from grocery
etores. provent the storhge of live
chlckens in crates on the aldewalks.
blarkllst shops harborlng flles. see that
all footMuffs are kept covered and dls
courage the storngH of horse blanket
ln (lellvery wagons. Such a _-_fl_-da
should hardly be neeeesary ln this day
and gencration. Yet only a glance at
aome of the groceriea and butcher
ahopa in this city Is needed to show
that tt is. Manufacturers of many va
rleties of foodstuffs are allve to this
pbaea Of sanitatlon. Retall dealers
should follow their example.
Journeymen barbers aay aeven clean
towela must constitute a part of every
sanltary ahave. Must the tlp and the
towela be ln proportion?
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
A profeaalonal maglcian who "reflda
thou.hta." "tellfl of the past and glvea
vou Inforrnatlon aa to the future." bealdea
dolng the stnge trleka whlrh "othera have
attempted. but never aucceaafully." ac?
cording io hls prlnted advertlacments.
was temporarlly halted ln hia buslness
by a clergyman The magiclan-Joaehim
Oname-waa glving performancee at Han
nver. In Germany, and ona of hia many
handhllla ahowed the man readln* a
b,..k. wlth the Angel of Death. armed
wltb a acythe. on one alde and Mephle
tophelea on the other. The clergyman.
armed wlth the grewsome document.
agpearad before an offlcer of the law. and |
flflfcfld ""ln the name of decency and mo
rallty" that the handhllla be iuppreaaed.
The petitlon waa granted.
"Me's dlfferent from moat man "
"Yes he admlts that he llkee to go
ta N.w York "-Detrolt Free Preaa.
Wrltlng frnm Pllsen. Rohemla. a N>w
York merehant aaya that for tha flrat j
tlme ln more than twenty yeara he haa
had an opportunlty to Include some sight- |
seelng on hia annual trlp to Kurope.
"Bodagaat Wlth Ita American arehlt-et- i
ure. Ita flhflflCfUl atmocphere and unu-tial j
up-to-dateneaa, surprtaed me. Vienna Im- '
ptuaeal me, aa lt does any American who ,
Dflaa and understand Oerman well
enough to rub elbowa wlth Ita hoepltal.le
It.l.ahltnnts. I'rague waa lntereatlng. be?
eause It still contalna remlndere of the
tlme long slnce gone; but all these are
nothlng wh-n I thlnk af the game of foot?
ball I wltnesaed flt Pllsen. Although 1
plnyed at school, I would not have known
what the lads were dolng had I not been
loM that they were playing American
PhUflflOBlur ?'__?_- and forbear" la my
Dyspeptlc?"Chdw and eschew" Is mlne.
MORE LETTER WRITINO.
[Ma>or fiaynor iJeflnet Sunday an. tha Sab
bfltll N<?? It-m.J
Wlth logic theoretl<:al,
And mentallzed agillty
- ? rt aeeklng tba theutrleal;
Keen student of the aophl^trlea,
(if rh.uds a strong flbatalner?
The mentlon of stu h tralta aa thesa
Pajnaaanea Mayor Gaynor.
He fllea to the untanglement
f?f problems rore nnd puzzllng.
Explalns Just what the anclenta meant
In wrlt of Sabbath muxsllng:
He aete arlght wlth method great
Each rjulbble whlle Ita hot;
Bo why can't ive appreclate
This treasure we have got?
A. W. U.
"Never aee any more aea aerpenta
"No," replled th* coaat dweller.
'What do you euppoae kllled Vm off?"
"I dunno. Rut I have my auaplclon lt
waa loeal optlon."?Waahlngton Star.
The current laaue of the "Theaterad
Iresaburh" contalna among other ata
tlsttcal Inforrnatlon a "performance rec
ird" for the laat theatrlcal and mualcal
leaaon. In the grand opera record R|eh
trd Wagnar atanda flrat, wltb 1,_1_ per?
formancea, outranklng for popularlty all
ompoftera Pucrlnl ls credlted wlth S60
.erformancea. Rut the wrltera of llght
>pera went ahead of Wagner, Johann
.traua. I_?o Fail and Krant I_-har leading
ill othera On the dramatlc stage Schlller
S'aa aecond only to Karl Schflnherr.
-ihakespcare was one point ahead of Su
lermann, wlth Blumenthal next and then
roethe. The atatlatlcian aaya ln a note
hat he refralna from namlnr "the hun
lreda whose worka were performed 'flrat
ind laat' on the aame evening."
"Well. how'a polttlca among the auf
"We threw kisaea at Mra Wombat, our
?andldnte. for nn hour nnd aeventeen
nlnutea "?Waahlngton Hernld
HELPING AMERICAN TRADE
-onmerc. Asaociation OfficlaJ Tella
of R-Sults in Germany.
Po. "te Edltor of The Trlbune.
Sl Readlrig your edltorlal "Aroused
_e chants" ln to-day'a Trlbune, I venture
o call your attcntlon to our, American
'hamber of Pommerce In Berlln, Oer
nany. The underslgned has, for the laat
ilx weeka, been addrcsalng American
?hambers of commerce and mercantlle aa
loclatlona for the purpose of awukenlng
ntcreat tn the American Aasoclatlon of
ommeree and Trade of Rerlln, which
vaa organlaed ten yeara ago at the eug
reaUon of t.onaul General Frank H.
ilason for the promotlon of American
rade ln Germany.
The underslgned haa In hia addreasea
>een trying to dlaabuse American m.inu
acturers' Ideaa of the ao-called averslun
if Oermans to American gooda and prod
Thla ia really not so, aithcugh __nerl
ran manufaoturera golng lnto the German
market must make up their mlndfl to do
bualneaa. and they wlU. aa haa been
amply proved by all the American flrme
In the German ma-ket to-day. American
flrms must have their own organUation
in Germany. If they wlsh to do bualneas,
and, above a... muat not attempt to do
buslness from their I_ondon house In no
' one Instance have American flnna been
, able to do any amount of buslness from
their London offlce The American Associa?
tlon of Commerce and Trade ls admlrably
equlpped for aaslstlng American manu
facturers enterlng the Oerman fleld, and.
besldea, la recognlzed hy both govern
menta as a aource of valuable and rella.
ble Inforrnatlon GEO. S. ATWOOD.
i Secretary American Associatlon of Com?
merce and Trade, Berlln.
| New York, Nov. 17. 1912.
| Three-Ringed Planet- an Interesting
Subject for Celestial Obaerver.
ITo the Edltor of the Trlbune.
Slr: Just at pre.'ent. and Indeed during
the rematnder of thia month and the
[month of Deccmber. the rlngcd planct
| Saturn la consplcuously vlslble, rlslng
I (November 16) around 5 p m., or not long
J after aunaet. in the city, owlng to Ita
lofty ronfs and bulldlngs, this consplcu
ous planet L, often hldden from our slght
for several hoi rs after riaing; and the
atmospherlc condltlons of the metropolts
are, even at the clearest. seldom satts
factory and ideal. Nevertheless, on any
falr night (around 9 to 10). we may see
and study thla remarkable planet, Its
flrmamental positlon belng agalnst the |
background of the constellatlon Taurus
(UM Rull), ln the soittheaHtern and south
ara bearana. the conuteiiation tbal pos
aesaea the brlght, ruddy Min Aldebaran |
and the haze-llke cluater of mlnute suna
called the Pleladea. There la also an?
other brlght. apurkllng sun ln that re
glon of the iky, named Capelta; but we
should have no dlfflculty ln detectlng
Saturn, chlefly becauae of Ita calm, un
wtnklng. placld llght and becauae of Ita
yellowlah tlnt or color.
There are certaln pecullar character
latlca about thla yellowlsh planet that are
known to aatronomers. Flrat, of course,
la Ha wonderful "rlng ayatem," conslst- I
Ing of three ringa or clrclea entlrely eur- |
roundlng the planetary body Tho outer
moat of these three ringa la aome 12.000 j
mlles ln wldth, the mlddle rlng some 17.
000 mllea, whlle the Innermoat rlng, near
eat to the body of the planet, called the
"crape rlng," owing to Its darker appear?
ance. la about 12,000 mllea In wldth. The
body of the planet-the planet proper?
has a mean dlameter of 71.000 mlles,
whlle the aggregate dlumeter, Including
the three rings, approxlmatea about 170,
000 mlles. The proper or hodlly dlameter
of Saturn glves him a size or volume some
760 tlmea that of our earth. As we ehould
expect from hia vast size, Saturn welghs
many tlmes the welght of our world, but,
owlng to hla remarkahty small denslty?
cnly 13-K^th that of our planet-he has.
but 96 tlmea the mass of welght of the j
earth, and. accordlngly, posaeases a grav- |
Ity or "puU' towarde his centre of only
a little more than the terrestrlal gravlty
or 'ptill"-one and elghteen one-hun
There are other pecullar characterlatlcs
of thla yellowlsh planet, auch as his mean
or average dlatance from ua, approxtrrat
lng mO.OOO.OOO mllea-lt !s about W.nOO.OOO
mll"s from the earth to our Bun
and such aa hts "year" or tlme of one
revolutlon around Klng Sol, more than
IOaIOO daya. our own year belng, of course,
soWie MRi daya. Around thla aolar orbtt
or revolutlon the planet Saturn travela j
wlth what <cems a hlgh veloclty-alx
mlles per aecond; but hla orhltal veloclty
appears less speedy when we remember
that our own planefs Journey around tbfl
aun averages about '.S', mlle.s to the sec?
ond. In additlon 10 these dlstlngulahlng
eh.ira. terlMb s, and ln additlon to Its sys?
tem of three rings. _____ fll- .-ornposed
of awarma or myrlads Of mlnute partl
cles. Klng Saturn possessea a number of
moons or satellltes, such fl? Tltan, Hy
perlon, I'hcele and Rhea. In fact, in
all. Saturn possesses ten known moons
or aatellltes, the largest of which. Tltan.
approxlmatea a dlameter of perhaps MN
mlles As we all know, our own little
planet has only one auch moon, and that
moon of ours. Queen I/una, possesses
a much atnaller dlameter than that of
Tltan of Saturn, the lunar dlameter ap
proxlmattng a rneatn or uverage of 2,li_
mlles. CHARLES NEVERS HOLMES.
Boston, Nov. 16, 1918.
.. i fl
ANTI SU-TRAGIST'S VIEW8
Woman's Place at Home, and Not
"Gadding About," Says Spinster.
To the Edltor of Tha Trlbune.
Slr. Theae women who clamor for ? vote
and who parade after dark to esportse
their cauae are repugnant to the womanly
women of the country Thank Ood. they
are In a mlnorlty! The majority do not
wlsh woman auffragf. and hope lt never
will be thruat on them.
Women seem to be foraaklng their
homea and reatleasly gadding about. In
their asplratlona they are certalnly degen
eratlng. In conaequence. the child en are
brought up without any real feeling for
the home. To prove thla. look at the
-aughtera of to-day. wlth thetr palnted
facea and Indecent and eccentrlc clothea.
Oo you auppose the Lord admlrea auch?
Then look at the sons. frcjucntlng the
?aloona at an early nge. Where are the
rnothers, 1 ask! Never before, an now, In ,
the hlstory of the world have we had
luch need of the aane woman In the
home. Let her atay there and fulfll her
luty to her famlly. The word duty" is
i big word It meana more than provld- ,
ng clothes. food and amu.ement. It In
.olvea a personal lesponHlhlllty In eatab
Ishlng principles to flt souls for heaven
The home should be the woman's world.
Her trrone la there. The performance of <
he dally taaks ehould be her hlghest joy. |i
(Vhy ahould ahe dealre to aoar? She need \
lot be a, slave or a fool She can be a '? t
lowtr of Intellect. wlt and ablllty In her | j
?efilm, wlth love and gentlene.B. ahe can 11
-leld met, to good thlnga, far better than I
n arttculatlng and jaaHe_lai.Bg ln pub-11
le The frflnchlae fot women will not , t
mprove condltlons. There are bad wom- c
fn aa well aa ba.l men. Then, too, women \
ia a whole are le:-s Intelllgent. and will
rote aa their men do. It will make more ! i
mllota to count. that la all. li
Why do we have to have auffrage force,) ' t
ipon us, then? l_et theae abnormai', f
vomen ft busy at something c-lse; and, i,
Mfltflffl golng further why not aak all
ronaaa lf they want to vote?
A BULL MOOSE SPINSTER
Rosevllle, N. J., Nov. 17, 1911
WHAT A DIFFERENCEI t
prom The Wa?hln?ton Suar.
8ome of tha (.ntlemen who once saluter) W. i
. nryan aa a blatant boy orator are now en
_*ed In d.monatiatlfta that l.e would te an
lea! Secretary of Htate.
"rom The Mllwaukee Hentlnel.
A Nen Tork modlate belleves ah* ran
opyright the atylea. I'selaaa! They''
hauga bafera tht ou.yrlght was porfected.
People and S
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
fFrom The Trlhure Bureau.]
Washington, Nov. I8.-The cholce of a
new home. for the Rus-lati Kmbassy wlll
probably be made within a few wee-ks.
nnd lf the declslon Is in favor of the new
house of Mrs Oe-orge* M Pullman. ln
Itith street, lt wlll give to that country
one of the flnest embassy homes ln Wash?
M. Lefehvre de la Roulaye, rpcently ap?
pointed second Fr**nch se*ore*tary. has ar?
rlved In the capital, accompanted by
Mme. Lefebvre de la Boulaye and thelr
Llettteaaal Cninmand-r Maxlmll'.an Pur
styn. Austrian Naval Attaohe. will 150 to
New Tork on Wednesday. accompanyln*.
Oomaaaader Corwln, a fellow offlcer ln the
Austrian navy, who wlll sall on Thursdav
for & short vlslt abroad. CBBMBandST and
Mrs. Corwln. the latter well known in
I Chlcago society, wlll take a house ln
j Washington for the wlnter, rcmalnlng
herr* untl! May. Ueutenant Oommander
Burstyn wlll return to the capital at ehe
e*nd of the w-?.-k
The Rollvian Mlnister has returned to
VffaehhUrtoa from New York. where. wlth
S.-fiora de f'aldcron, he went to see hls
e-lder daughter, Sefiora de Halllvian. sall
for Rollvia. Se-norlta BISBBOT de Calderon
returned to Washington wlth her father,
and Seflora de Cilderon wlll Joln them at
! the end of the week.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
rr-nm Tha TrflMM Beraaa I
Washington. Nov. R-Fenator Henry F.
Mpnltt SOd Mlss Frarres UPPttt are m
Washington. after spending som- time ;>t
Virginia Hot Sprlngs. Tbey flrtfl open
thelr house ln N street in a few da> ft
Lady Johnstone. t.ow shooting and flsh
lng ln the South wlth her brother, Glf
ford Plnchot, wlll come to Washington
this week to make her annual vlsit to her
mother, Mrs. James W. Plnchot.
Mme. 1 hrlstlan Hauge wlll In a few
days open her house in Shertdan Clrcle
for the season. She ls now making a vlslt
In New York.
Mr. and Mrs. Thornns T. Oaff wlll sall
for Europe early ln December, and wlll
spend the coming year abroad They have
been guests of thelr son-ln-law and
daughter, Dr and Mrs. Cary I__nghorne,
since thelr return to the capital from
thelr summer home at Ostervllle, and
Mrs Oaff wlll again be wlth them on her
return from New York, where she ls mak?
ing a vlslt of several days.
Mr. and Mrs MaOB Rradley have
opened thelr house for the se.*ason. They
entertalned a few gue-sts at elltiner yes?
terday. They left this morning for New
York. acoompanb*d by their daughter,
*.rs. Herbert Shlpman.
The Llbrarlan of Congress and Mra.
Herbert Putnam have returned to Wash?
ington from thelr summer place at North
Mlss Dorothy Rldgely. of New York.
arrlved to-day. and will be the guest of
Senator Cullom untll nfter the marrlage
of Mlss Eleanor Rldgely and Dr. Harry
Parker, on Frlday.
Attorney Oeneral W-fkersham enter- I
talned a dinner party of twenty-four me-n '
to-nlght. In honor of Sollcltor William
Marshall Rullltt and twenty-two of the
attorneys of the Derartment of Justice.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Arrlvlng this wee-k from Kurope are
Mrs. Harry I*ehr, Mlss Edith Deae*on.
Ura Pr.-inklin D. Pelton, H. Percival
Dodge*. American Mlnlstpr to Panama.
wlth Mrs. Dodge an.i Miss Dodge, who are
coming on the George \Y -hlngton.
On board the Mauretanla nre William
Phllllps, flrst secretary of the American
Kmbassy in LSftdOO, who hai obt.ilned a
yoar's leuve of abse-nce, and Mrs. Phllllps:
Mr. and Mrs. (Jeorge Warren and Mlss
Ceaataaes Warren. as well as the latter's
flanc*. Count CrBff de I.asteyrle; Mrs.
PrederlcB w. Whttrtdga. Kyroa T. Her
rlck. American Ambassador to France,
anel Mrs. Herrick; Slr William Young.
Mrs. Jam*>s Henry Smith, Slr Adolph
Tuck. Captaln the Hon. Moataga Parker
and George H Mosea. American Minlster
to Greece and Montenegro.
Holy Trinity Church. Sloane street, In
london, wlll be the scene to-day of the
wedding of Countess Canjllla Hoyos.
iBUghter of the late Count Geoige Hoyos,
ot the Imperlal Austrian navy. und
through her English mother a grand
daughter of Slr William Whltehead. the
Inventor of the Whltehead torpedo, to
Charles W. Short, Jr., of Roston. Countess
Camllia ls a famlllar flgure ln New York
Tha Rlght Rev. Dr. Boyd-Carpenter.
formerly Blshop of Rlpon and now dean
of Weitmlnster and Clerk of the Closet
to Klng George, and Mrs. Royd-Carpenter
are In town. ataylng wlth J. Plerpont
Mn. Renjamln S. Oulnnesa wlll enter
taln a large party at dinner to-nlght at
her house. In Washington Square North.
Mr?. Oren Root will ehaperon the
a luncheon party which her alater, _._,
I Mercedea de Acosta, ls glving to-day at
Sherry's for Mlsa Audrey Osborn and f_.
I Mlsa Edltb Logan.
Mr. and Mra. C Carey Rumsey ?-,
spendlng the wlnter at No 1 Kast _th
street, aa the gue8ta of Mra. Rumeer'i
' mother. Mrs _, ? Marrlmnn
Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Parsons returnM
to town yesterday from the Rerkahirag
for the aeason.
Mrs. Joseph B. Hoyt haa lssued ca-j,
for a rece))tion pn Novemh-r _S for tj..
debut of .er daughter, Mlss __r___j
Hoyt, at her house. In Kast ?;sth street.
Mlss J. I. Waterbury and Miss Gladya
: Waterbury are at No. 40. I'ark avenat
I for the season.
Mrs. M. Lawrence Keene ls at N'o. '
East 68th street for the wlnter.
General and Mrs. J. Pred Pierson ar
rlved la town yesterday from Newport
for the season.
Mlsa Jullana Cttttlng, who has returned
from French Llck Bprlngfl and Is eit__.
llshed for lhe aeason at the Bi'-klnghtm,
preslded over the danclng class whlca
she has organlzed for young people th.ra
Tlarence Mackay has left town for h_
."hootlng ln N'.rth Tarollna. and wfll te.
turn in about ten days, ln tlm-.- to receiv?
i on their arrlval here, Mrs. Ma<kay and
I his daughter Ellln, who are book-d to
1 .'?all from Havre on November 27.
I r. and Mrs. Lewis t ass I_fdyard ara
ln London, ataylng at Clarldge's.
Mrs. Charles Steele has taken th?
greater part of the Garden City Hottl
for the accommodatlon of the gueata at
the ball which Bhe ls glving at Sunrldu
Hall, her place at Westbury, Long Ialand
on Thankaglvlng eve. for the debut of
her aecond daughter, Mlsa Nancy Steel*.
For those who are not ataylng ?thar at
the house or at the Garden City Hotti
there will be a apecial traln, leavlnj th*
Pennsylvanla Rallroad etatlon at 9:80 aad
returnlng from Westbury at S a m.
Mrs. Wllliam Alexander, who la raturn.
Ing from Europe on the Phlladelphla, wUl
apend the wlnter at the St. Kegls.
The new ballroom at the Rltz-Carltoa
was opened laat night wlth a dance glvaa
by Whltney Warren. The gueata, who
numbered about two hundred, cama ln
from the opera and from the horaa ahow,
lt belng a aomewhat late affalr.
[By Telegraph to The Trlbune.]
Newport, Nov. 18.?Mr. and Mra. Sata
Iyow, of New York, are guests of Pro?
fessor and Mra. John W, B.rgess, at
Senator and Mra. George Peabody w.t
more will return to Waahington to-nior
Mr. and Mr?. Peter G. Gerry are plan
mng to take a cottage here for next
Mr. and Mra. Reglnald C. Vanderbllt
will go abroad aft-.-r tbfl C_tiatfl_M holl
General and Mrs. J. Ftat .": r?on
closed their aeaaon to-day and left for
Mlss i". Ogden Jones was a d.uner en
tertainer thla evening, and Mrs fleorge
tiordon King will entertaln to-u i.
Mrs. Wllliam Grosvenor will close her
season here and go to PrOYtdfltt-fl Th-rt
Mr. and Mra. John J. KaaOB wtll re?
turn to New York Thur-day.
Mrs. Vanderbllt has declded not to close
The Hreakera untll December 1, R__fl sfta
will go to New York for the remainder
of the wlnter.
IN THE BERK8HIRES.
[By Telegraph to The Trlrtine.]
I_pnox. Nov. 18?Harley T. Proct. r aent
his stable of twenty-< ight horses to Lonf
Mr. and Mrs. Henry McBurney are vU
Itlng Dr. Charles McBurney ln _t-.lt
Mr. and Mra. Albert R. Shattu-k havt
closed White Lodge. and Mrs. Shattuck
and her mother, Mra. Wllliam L Stron.,
of New York, are at the Curtls Hotel for
a few daya.
Mrs. Newell Bent, of Roston. has teaet
the houae of Mlaa Grace F. Parker. to
Stockbrldge, and will pass the wlnttr
Mr. and Mrs. Clark G. Voorhrea arrivid
at Grey House for the winter.
Mr and Mrs. J. F. Patten. of Set
York. are at the Curtls Hotel.
Dlrectora of the Country Club of Plttfl
field have recelved $1,400 In sui scrlpdoM
to keep the clubhouse open during tha
Mra. F. H. Sleeper, Mlaa Sleeper and Mr.
and Mrs. Horace Packard are at tiie FUd
Llon Inn, Stockbrldge.
f.OLLO S. OGDEN HOPEFUL
Pulitzer School 'Can't Turn Out
irVorse Men than Some at Work.'
Rollo S. Ogden, edltor of "The New
fork Evening Poat," told studenta of the
"olumbla School of Joumallam. in a lect
ire on "Wrltlng for the Preaa," yesterday
ifternoon, that many of the popular Ideas
f newspapere were all wrong, and that
leople were comlng to be dlslllusloned
tt the eubject more and more all the
"In the flrat place," he said. "Horace
Jreeley'a Idea that a college man ln Jour
lallam la no better than a donkey la all
nong. It may have been true at that
Ime, but now aome of the best men In
?'ew York Clty's newspaper work are col
jge graduates, and however much of a
allure the Columbla School of Journallsm
nay be, It cannot turn out worae men
han aome of those who now are worklng
n papers ln thla city without having col
The old Idea' that the newapaper man
-ada a gay bohcmiun llfe, Mr. Ogden
a'd. waa also out of date. "The sys
cmatlc mrthods of modern Journallsm,"
? explalned. 'and the large amounts of
anltal lnveated have tended to make the
mdern newapaper man as plain, prosalc,
loddlng and matter of fact aa any other
"it Ifl generally admltted now that the
mn who eiiends the night in r-.velry and
ien slta down wlth a wet towel around
ls head to wrlte un edltorlal will not
Ive the public any very valuable in
Lructlon or guidunce.
"In mv opinion the idea that good
ewspaper wrltlng ls dlfferent from any
ther klnd of good wnting ia another
illucy. Of course. Joumallam has Its
a-n apecial technhjue, but In the long
an the essential quulitles whleh make a
)od Wrlter of any klnd will make the
eat wrlter for a newspaper."
DEBUT OF MISS CLEVELAND
"White House Baby" Makei
Entrance Into Society.
[By Teleflraph te> The Trlbune-.]
Prlnceton, N. J., Nov. 18-Miss Eflther
Cleveland, daughter of Mrs C*re*"i*
Cleveland, made her debut thic iifternooo
nt a brllllant rt*ceptlon given In her honor
| at Westland. the home of the late BB
j Mlss Cleveland waa a Whlte Houie
baby. She has been a favorlte ln Princ*
I ton. and the lnter??st ln her entrance* into
j society was unlversal. Profissor Pruton.
j Mra. Cleveland'e flance. shared ln the In?
tereat of the many guests. He wa* eei**
I gratulated on all aMsft More th.in tt*
hundred guesti were present, lu ludlnl
I the famlllei of the faculty of tha un*'
, verslty. the theologlcal se-mlnar*. ?n** *h'
I other local and neighborlng institutlnnfl.
, ns well as the general society of Prl1-1"*"
i ton. Many other*; were present frofl*
j Newark, Morristown, Trente.n nnd other
| New Jersey cltles and from Kea VerK,
1 Hoston. Phlladelphla. Baltlmore. Waflh
Ington and other dlstant points.
The house waa decoratenl prlnclpaW
wlth palms and chrysHntheuiutns and '??*
many rosea sent to Mlse Cleveland. M**
'lcveland, wlth her mother, Mrs Perrlri*.
and her daughter. Mlss Kstr-r Cleveland.
recelved the guests in the eirawing too*9.
From The CleveUand Plaln Deeler.
Chlctflo haa a ?ohDol for brtdaa. lt lt _"???"*
antees every araduete ? poeitloo lt !? bound *
bee:om?! the m_?t popular Institution of ?**B~
Ing tn the country.
F*re*.tn The Houston Post
We must thaijk Governor Wilson for eje)d*
Ing to i.rnaln ln the Jersey Governorehtp BBB
the. end of hls term. No Democrat !? Juittt"
ln turnln? looee en ofllce untll he leavei B **
take K-nictblns better or equally u gtw