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that not more than oue life had been lost.
He complimented the attendants on the
heroism they showed and said it was due
to their faithfulness and adherence to
duty that a terrible catastrophe Wet
"I cannot speak too bigfely," he said
"of the men who ventured into the room
In which the helpless patients were lying.
The room was well filled with smoke
"hen they got there. On the last trip
they had to grope their way around to
the beds to find the patients.''
When the Amitvvllle firemen realized
their helplessness because of the lack of
water and the strong wind that wa?
blowing, calls for assistance were sent tS
I'armlngdalc and I.tndenhurst. Uoth ?J?
rartments were quickly on the scene, but
arrived too late to save the burning
luiildinge. They did efficient work, how
< .er, in preventing the spn ad of th?
flames to th?- adjoining buildings.
In the opinion o? Dr. Markham, the fire
was caused by a defectively insulated
uire and starte?! in the cupola of the an?
The Brunswick HonM is -i puvatc insti?
tution for Idiotic, spilspt < and f?-ei 1?
tnindcd children. It alno ria? bulldlnii?
where mature persons suffering from sim?
ilar afflictions at? cared for. The insti?
tution ia one of the most prominent of its
k'nd in the state, and at various times
several well known persons hava bean
inmates. Maurice Barrymot?-. the aclot.
. ied in the institution in Mas, and Terry
M.Covern was for a time an Inmate.
The entire damage will sanoont i<? shout
$8.000. which. It-li understood, la covered
SEATS FOR EX-PRESIDENTS
House Bill Would Make Them
Washington. Nov. -4.- President s of
the T'nited States on the expiration of
their terms of oaVs irill become IU-p
regentativcs-at-lajge, with a seat in
ihe House and an animai salary of
<fl7j?0 as long as they live, if a pro
visiqn prepared for the legislative, ?x
??i-utivo and judicial appropriation bill
by Representative Albert .1 Burleson,
Of Texas, is passe?).
Mr. Burleson is second in rank on
ihe Appropriations Committee of tits
House and has ? ??i.siti?-rabie InflUSncS
with the other House loa?lers. The f.ci
that he intends to insert the Pret-iden
tial clause in one of the regular appro?
priation bills as a "rider" indicates that
it is almost certain to meet with ap?
proval. The provision follows;
Hereafter every ex-President ol
United States ahali during ins life, I
held and regarded sa a Representatlve-at
larRe of the |,?-OI'l?- of til?- I"li!l-ii BUteS
and shall be entTtl? i to the privtlegi
the- floor of the Hous? of Representativas,
with all the rights ol members of th?a
House of Representatives save that ot
voting, and shall receive for ins service?.
an annual salary of ?117.500 pro. ?del. that
no obligation to eerve or? the committee!
of the House shall be hnpOSed t-n such
Mr. Burleson regard?? the Carnegie
pension plan with disfavor. Els svi?
?1? ntly prefers the suggestio;. of Will?
iam Jennings hryan. that cx-1'.
have a seat in IBS House of K? pr??
sent?t ives, combining this idea with
the general Mheme of Carnegie fr.r re?
munerating ex-President?. He Is op
pesed to straight pensions, but bellevi -
thai an; man arito has served his coun?
try .va ?President i-houM pot be -
pelled to engage in any work which
might*<??f)n.-| roinise the dignity ?>f the
WILSON ATTENDS CHURCH
Hears Pastor Pray for King,
Taft and Self.
Hamilton. Bermuda, Nov. IM-Th"
President-elect, accompanied by Mrs.
"Wilson and the members of his family,
to-day attended the oldest I'resbyerian
church In Hamilton, of quaint setting.
The pastor, the Rev. Archibald ?Cam?
eron, offered a prayer for the King sad
then for the success of the ekM
President Taft's sdministration. an?l
that "the new President of the United
States be Imbued with Thy spirit, and.
fearing Thee, have no other fear; that
he be honored as the leader Of .? na?
tion, and that his administration be
one of peace, honor and prosperity."
Mr. Wilson will attend the session of
Parliament to-morrow and Governor
Bullock's dinner on Tuesday.
will be inter?
ested in a shoe [ i
to relieve indoor
" foot fatigue."
The Coward Shoe for Nurses
eombin?es remedial principles
which help all weakened con?
ditions of the arch and ankle
The height of the hwl* h
varied to correspond with Um
arch elevation of the individ?
ual foot. Leathera, "flexed"
by special prrar?-, are used for
the soles. Rubber lifts on the
heels make the footsteps noise?
less over the hardest floors.
Wearing thta Coward Shoe will
re?t the feet and strengthen the
entire foot ?tmrture.
??OLD NOWHfme ELSE
JUMES S? COWAHD
.164-274 Greenwich St., N. V. I
<**-a ?.ut? ?raasTi
MaaOrteraFttta? \ StneUttCatalea.ua
LOW MORAL TONE CAUSE
OP GRAFT, FOSOICK SAYS
"Government Will Not Rise
Above Level of Citizens Be?
hind It," Church Folk Hear.
"Contractors Bribe to Evade
Law?Pharasaic Attitude of
People Causes bO Per Cent
of Police Graft."
?: ] mand )'? i ted!) k. f.>; m? i Commie?
?loocr of A-oounta in spsahlas hurt alaht
m th?. Manhattan Ooosr-saUonaJ C-oi-h,
BfOadWar and TSth sheet, upon th?? Sllli
.Jad "How tii?- People's Mono] la BpentT
laid apon the dtlaenahlp "f New fort; he*
cenea of its "i,,w moral lona." reopens!?
blHty for th" Knit m th.' Pelle? Depart?
mem .m?) in ether publie department-,
Wort it not for th? Pharisaical ??tti
tnda of the "reepoc table element," bs as?
s.'ite.l, there would !??? upOB On statute
'??'??Us laws Which WOOM ??unit an ef
fecttve handlhH of WCh ?\ils ai Resti?
tution. The acMress was one of a .-?
? PObllc affairs arranged Of the pastor
of the church, the Rav. K. a Btimaon,
tot presentation at ?eculai m? ?li'iKs. Mr.
\\'e are heartns ? greet
day? hUiiu graft, ami u undoubted!)
? slats m t'lr Poll? ? ? Depai Inn nl Mr,
Jerome aol Ions ai ?de th? -
n ? it thai It exist evei y city do?
partaient This statt m< nl will I
? ? t.ik?'ii with ?-??ni?- quallfl? atl?
ft is n??t nearly ?q prevalen! In
departments as it \?.?^ ? aso,
although it perhaps estai
in ?oni< departments, lust a? it exlal in
form m most buatnesi ? nti i pi
Th< n Is not s ? ??n- em ton ? City
I or* doing "a er
ml bai.? .
small leaks, ?in?- t?? dishonesty, The ?
condition ii Iru? ol our cltj depai In
it i ... ngulfh between
the \ .?i imis kind? ? i srafl Graft can ba
? ; und? . n'..? n? a?ls. Pirat,
?lisii.ii,. m practlc? s by which public in??n
t? .1 for l?ilv ate pul ;
?idons or privileges ? !? ?ola to In?
?dividual? ition, Thl?
fiinii dot i nol direct!; i Iteci th? public
? Irafi In 11 ?? flrst form whl
and devices from lb? public i1
? from our nun I? il
life, both In v v. toi k and othi r oil -
' ods along a? ? ountlns lines, and
1 this form "i ; i.i'i difficult if
ii ticalljr Imposi
, 1 ?1?. i ..t lielievi ti it
along tins line In the City ol
Tora to-daj than then would
luis:- ?SS COI
Il ? but Inesi .cei n ? \;" nd? il
lolen in Its
la stolen from tb? City of New .ork to
Second Form of Graft.
0 re ft m ti ? s'
? ? '
; raft that has
shown tu ? Kisl m th?' Police I?, part
Is the predominant vital problem In our
municipal go?. ? rnment,
Tin ? ? ? . tposure In t ' De?
portment ? ' B all - '" nil cltl
\\ . a;. (?Ilfro
0 ',?.1.1.1; aft..-: '
foundation i i nmi i ' and
call? '1 ui. to h-iit an Inaldi
Il ? : . onnectlon I i ;r at?
tention to ...
solution of thli volve? not only
bett? r official?, bul I
the rltlsen who wants lo g? I ?me!
w hi- ? t . ntltl? <!
tb? ' ? ' ilty.
1 min who di
im.l.M the law he ?muht nol t.. *? L or
protection In thi '? a*'
thai public ??ui . imb i?>
li the build? ? ally
wanted l?> eliminate I ? In tha
Building l '? p irtmenl thi ) i ould do
want t.? eliminate II Th? ? m ? d it In
theli E ? them wanl lo
? the opportunity of putting In ??
quired. They want to avoid ?? >UM of
I ? ode.
to pay an Insp? ctor than t<>
;.!? ? bullding ib:?' i- safe, .'?'m - ?(
whe n n pick ui
ami i ead of gi ?ft in
? . _-, hold up
horror _nd i emoan the
lack ?if hon? -t men In office.
When i think of the srafl thai undoubt
exists In som? lildlns de
poctoi ? s ho tal
temptlbl? as thi y are, bul
? he re? pi ctal i.rrti a? tor? who
graft poeslbh at th? >>? ginning.
"Need to Roform Our Citizens."
\\> ????? .i to retoi m our i Itiseni as noch
ai ws <i?> o'ir public offlclali After all.
the moral level ol governmenl will not
i?-, shove tii?' moral level ol the citltens
behind ll v??u cannot have efficient and
honeat government until you bars effl
cient fin?) hontst cltii
Take thi Polio Department, for as>
ample To tatlafr our own con ncei
we peas laws at Albany In renard to pros?
titution which w? do nol Intend aha Ix
strictly and rigidly enforced Perhaps
tie majority of people In New York ?in
not ball? v<- that the? i laws can t..
ally softs ? ' n.
B .t th? y pass then , to
satisfy the respectable elements in tha
community, '*to pandei s bit to the moral
crowd of the towi i i : ando Wood
once said With this law ??n the statute
books, we turn to OUT poll ? com m I
,n?i tel] ihenj to adopt a polley in
rd *o proatltution what are' w?
We nri telling ? ?.minis.- Ii
t?, entune the law when and when thai
We ai ? . poll i ? ?:
tlon for enforcero? i I \v< srs
creatins thi on? condition undei which
grefl ? -m mo I aeeily flourii h
We are m?kln? a r"''h ?? "system" nol
only possible, but \'r?m. . probable
Then, wii?-n an exposure comes ai?...,K ami
w?' und the police have beei ?ell Ins pro
toetisa to keepers of disorderly houses,
we hold up one hands In horror ami ml
cries for reform tin the heavens. Tha
1'harasa.ic attitude of the people <,t Ken
York i?? responsible l??r BO p?r eent of the
graft in tha police Department.
We cfiin?' back, therefore, to our orig?
inal proposition that botest goveri
n oaaod on honest citizenship.
MINISTER REBUKES MAYOR
Dr. Price Says Administration
Is Indifferent to Obligations.
In his Introduction of Dr, C, L Patter?
?on, who spoke nt |_g Washington
Heights Methodist Episcopal Chureh last
niglit on tin- wert done i..\ the i'loieme
Crlttanton Homo f? upfertonsta wowoa.
Di .i.e o?? i; Prlca past of the -horch,
gi?\e his honor the Mayor ? somewhat
"Th?' Mayor," sai.i in. Pri?e,
with pride to th?' outward deoeoey that
eharaoterlaot our city and urgoa u* to
?top talking ahont tii?- guantes n Bay
be that we ought to fOrgOl tha tragedy on
the *Crreet White Way.' with all that it
feeoalod; it may bs thai ire ?mKiit to
forget his honor's remarkable Interprets
tlon? of the in??, which bars resultes in
tying the hands of the polio? ; '.t may be
that we should be thankful that so many
crimes m" hidden from public attention,
but It Is not for his honor f. stigmatize
our oewegepen as follow |ournala The)
are the p?-ers "f any Journals in any lam!.
an?! there haw recently appeared In all
of them strons ?dltorlala thai should ha? e
mantled the Mayer*! cheek v.ith ihrnsM if
lie had ha?l any regard for an outraged
public sentiment The easso, las best
index to public ?ipinion, ha? nia.le It clear
thai the jif-ople are weary of an admln
?atiation of which tas uasBt ? barttabls
thing tliiit ess b*. .?-abl is that it is In
tllffersai Is Its ohtigalasiw to auforra the
DRENCHES IHE Off
( ontlllll.Nl from llrol pas*.
?le? trie and gas lamirs going. The
streets presented the appearance of
night, all the houses being brilliantly
lighted. Brae the vhh kens went back
to roost, firm in the belief that the day
| had run its course.
Morris-town was also in the path of
the atoras, hein? rmtmi by a draw hing
rain an?) (lying pieces of hall. The
plant of the Morris County Traction
?Company araa put out of business more
than an hour, and the trolley service
between Morristown. Dover anil Lake
ll'.p.it? ong was ?lls?'ontlnue<l. TBS
who!?- town was thrown Into etnh
darhnssa thai strict lamps were lit and
artificial light In houses, churches and
??tarai aai called Into service.
Descending Iba ?tamapo Valley a*
through a tunnel, the storm cut a
swath In Its passage to the southwest,
swelling the waters ?>f the Haniapr?.
Haekeasnek, Paaaak and Bsddla rivers
into raging torrents, und inundating
much of the lovv lying country in the
v i < ' I n i t \-.
The Etaritan Valhy encountered ?me
Of the neat rioleal thunderstorms of
recent yaara, sceotnpanlsd by stinging
hails-ton?-*- and vivjd Hashes of light?
ning. Bonvervllle was aerelopsd In a
pall of dartasss.
Within Isaf tlian ten minutai after
the paaalm ? ( the riornt howerer, the
scene ? h inged In a -narked degree
Where before the landscape presente,,
th?- appearance of midwinter, it now,
with Ihs breaking forth of the sun. re?
s' mi.b d b cool Bspteunber day.
Storm Passea to Sea.
After paasli g ovai other towns in lh<
southwestern aectlon of the stale the
i storm passed down lbs eoaal lias i
'swept mi out to BOB, leaving fi ?Ir.-iiclnil
and miserable land In its wake Nol
more than two hours had |>assed.
Those weather prophsts urho bass
their calculatloni on signs prof? ?wed
, rday t?. >??? In the day's storm sn
Indicatll n of ? bliter winter and freely
predicted thai New York would Und
? in th?- grip Of arctic ?rsatbei
within the next few day?.
The local Weathei Bureau leata
folloarlng report ?>n weather eOt-dlttOM
pn ailing It* the tw?-nty t?.ur bOUl ?
, ruled at ? O'clock yesterday nmniinc.
>b?.\ving that the ?bmatic unr? st ?
general throughout the ? ountrj
The OuH and Atlantic norm? have
. .i end nos? dominate th.- weathei
lion? over tha lower lal ?
tin Atlantic Htatea and New l-:naiaii?l
Ltght rain baa l.ilb-n ??v?T th?- loWel
region and Ukm snow oser M
Bird North? n N- ? i ork Temper?
?er tins region bare risen
. , .,?" high preaaun that ?was
crests, on? ?? ? ' ? ?ilddle \? esl and tha
. ? th. Soi thern Pa? It
I'nder th? .f high pr<
temi>eraturea have fallen from twel
twenty degreea In th? laal twenty-foui
? . ?, ind
valleya and the Middle \\.-.-t Tempera
t tires a a low as 8 dea
i-, the Pur Noithw? ai
tin r. hai be* n ?? i ?-?? ' i from ?la lo twei
mdei ' hi infill- noa of ?? los
The higbSSl I? ni|i? rature recorded n
the United Btates yesterda) araa 72 d?
Igreaa, i1 Kej W?BSt, Pia., andthi lowesl
at Huron, B. D., where the temperature
was oui) B degrees
HEAVY SNOW UPSTATE
Foot Deep Fall Plays Havoc
with Telegraph Wires.
T. lurapli t,, Th' Trieun-l
Walertown. ti, Y, Nov. 24.?The Btwl
?HOW ?ii the winter fell ?v m-rally thronch
mi? Nertharn New v??rk to-?day< Bat aa
ln"he? of wet. nogpv SUOW had fallen hoe
t | o'<l.?-k t?. i?ei,t Reporta from the
1 North hadtCatS thai the fall was ?eneral
WSSl f'f th?- A'lliori'ln? ks
Sonn- renions in the remote BSCtloaS of
the woo?ls report a mowfall Of twelve
The storm waa arrowipnnled by Bsrlons
electrical dtatnrhaa ? -. Railroad tele?
graph s i" s from t'ti?-a t.. b| -
BprlnaS Wire ?low?, BeOS : a Of th?' heavy
?SOW, i>lffl'-?iltv v.,, , \| eil?n- . ?1 In trnns
rnittlng train farden bssatUM ?>f the falb-n
?flies Itailr'iad I r.? f tl - QSf n??i fSt bSSfl
Blnaliamton, n. I. Nor. M -a? the re
suit of a beery, w?-i Baosfgtsrai thi? sec?
tion ?if the State k having the Worst wire
tro.ihles Ir, tweiit.-.-t?ve years By the
bragklng of tv.?> big polea near the Laeka?
wanna ?I? put every l.a, kawanna wire Into
ari'i out of the ?ity wa* hroken. At Bndl*
OOtt aad Orsa! I'.'-ml ?>n the ea?t gad
?rest, all the ICrle wins an- down F.very
? in-,lit ?>f the fire alarm ?ystem Is <l??wn
and msny telephdna an?! elastrle light
wires are broken.
KILLED UNDER MOTOR CAR
Albany Contractor Crushed to
Death?C. S. Sussdorff Hurt.
[By Telegtspli te The THbsaa i
Albany, Nov. M. ? William B. Ann
strong, an Albany contractor, former
Inspe? tor at the office of the st.it?- Ar?
chite t. Who live.l at No li'.'J lay sti?et.
Albany, was kin?>?i to*nlgh1 in an auto?
mobile accident nv?- miles fron Lake
Gkorge, on the road running from
?liens Kails t?i Saratoga H[ rings.
?Charles A. Bussdui if, sssistani deputy
state Architect, who Ihres si Ko 131
Laaacaater street, waa seriously injured.
Aiinsiroi,.-. and Buaadorlf wer?- riding
in Armstrong's two passenger cur wh?n
it ? am?- in collision with u heavy tour?
ing ?ar owned by Henry T. Naiver, of
Hudson Valla Th?- small cur turned
over aad Pinned both m*n under It.
Th?- occupants <?f u?, Barrar car aa?
??aped aahurt . broksn gtoartag Rear'
was tin- cause of the nolllasaa
Winlicld A. Huppu.'h, form-r Public
Servi? ?? ?oininihsiiiner, win, was on the
way to his home at Hudson Kail?, t,;,,k
Buasdorfl t<? th?> (Hem ?Valle HoaU^taa?
gUBSdoffl formerly \t4t.i <e fttooki/n.
IN RAILWAY DISPUTE
( i.iitiniied from flr?l l?UR?*.
ami an o\ ertline rale of M cents an hour,
with an average speed of twenty miles an
hour. The ennlneers u_ked 14 4d and MWJ
a ?lax- of ino niil-'M. .-wordin? to the si/.?
of the locomotive ?Minder, with an over?
time rate of 70 cents un hour alter HV0
hour?. , .
In through freight servie? a minimum
was Kran-.??! of fill a ?lav of W mil?
or i?'ss, with overtime pr?? rata after ten
hours. Th?' engineer? reque?ted rat?* "t
% ?:;. tito and MU ?? daj of W mile'?.
according to sise vt the engine, and ..
(or Malietl engines, the same rates to
applj to mine runs. work, w.k. helper
or posher, milk and circus trains.
hi h.eal freight service :'.'. cento addi?
tional t?? th" through fr.-lg-ht rutes was
M anted. Thin met th? Mil request of th.'
In ?Witching servi? <? a minimum of $110
n ?lav of t*m hours or less was granted.
Th?- engtneers asked MM n ?lav of t? ;-.
hours in "witciiing sendee ami for n H
line SSI y Ice,
All exlstlns rstei higher than th.? mini?
ma granted by the board are eoatlaoad la
In fi.'cing the minimum wage in pas?
senger ssrvli ? at ?fi 28 ? day a higher
minimum rate is established for th?'
roads parties to the arbitration with
the exception of a few.
In awarding the minimum through
fr? ?Klit rate of SIT.", | ?Jay the board
establishes wages for the district tii i*
measurably approach the current mini?
mum of roads now paying the better
In making the rate for local freight
sen ice _."i cents higher than through
freight service a general increase of
compensation is granted.
The effe? t of the _0-niile-an-liour
basis of computing overtime In IhS
pass? nger servi??', th*? rules regarding
final terminai delay and other chancea
In the rules of the service are all more
favorable to the ??ngincors than exist?
ing rules upon many of the rooda
Wide Rancie of Inquiry.
The problem before the board ??f er?
bltratlon was one <,f gnch dllBculty
that it becacae neceeaary before an
award wrh mail?? for the board to con
shier tho principien which shoiiM ob?
tain. The facts upon whi? h it reached
Its conclusions were oo Involved and
numerous thnl they cannol be sum?
martsed. Tii?- Investigations regarding
th" compenantlon lo capital, the inter?
corporate relation? of th" rallroeda,
th? ir presenl earnings, their f.iture
hie earnings nnd <<th?r fa? tors
were so comptes that the board was
unable to arrive at a concluolon re?
garding the ability of the ron?ls to pav
j an in i? ised "ini" neatlon.
It was determined, however, that a
reasonable wage rhould be p.vH. Dis?
regarding, therefore, ths claim of the
i railroads that they war? unable to bear
i an increase, the board ?greed to th?
I principle that the engineers should be
paid a fair wage.
in determining the beats of -? fair
arage the hoard took the p'.tnt of view
that the existing facts regarding the
relation ?'f wag?s of engineers to thoee
of Other ?lasses of employ?"? In the
train s< rvl? ?> m t!., ,.. ?, m <ii;-trl?'t
rm.l in other parts of th?- country
Id be th?. gui-iing principle. Tho
lourds dtarttaotOfl "t fart* In this
I nectimi led it t<> the conclualon that 'i
? ral Increase of wages on all ro.-idi
tot warranted upon th- baetg <>f
the evidence pre?r?nted.
it was concluded bj II ? board, hnw
SVer, that ??n ?Oatt roads and f'?r cer?
tain ? lu.-ses r.f ser\|.'?. the COmP-ttaa?
tlon waa loo ?mail, and therefore the
hoard introduced Into th<- award .the
principle of a minimum wage for the
entit? distri. t In QUOOtioU.
The board stat?-s as its belief that
th_ engineer* should be granted ? fair
compensation It f,irth?'r states If to
t ?? probable thai the great majority of
the railroads in the dtetrict considered
nr?' sble la pay ;i fair compensation, if
llicv are tmt able to pay Stich Compen?
sation with existing rates, (h* report
says, there is Just cause for them to
open again the queetlon of .m IncreuM
of rates with th?- Interstate Oom_SSrsa
Public'? Interest Paramount.
The board points out that n railroad
strike for the great centr?e of the
United States ca? na longer i?e eonstt*
Srad SS a matter Which primarily af
f.iis the railroad operators Bad ?m
ployos. While it does affect th?m seri?
ously, ths Public is far m??re deeply in
tereeted, Indeed, the Interests of the
public oo far exceed thoee of Um par?
ties t?, the controversy, says the re*
poii. as to render them paramount, it
is therefore Imperative thnl some other
Wag be found to settle d-KerOMOS 1"
tafeen railroads nnd 11. ? - i t employes
than by strik?-. the leport nays. [g
this ' onneotloa the gains sseured
through the Brdmaa sei and ths Ce*
rnniian Industrial dirait.s ait ure dis?
cussed, ami while these BOtS are found
lo Bave IlK'litS they ggg )|?1,1 t,y ([??j
beard to he lusdegnsts to meet the sit
in man) respects tho railroads aro
subject to IhS Interstate Commerce
Commission and various: ?t?te commis.
Mon- Tin- same Is not true of the em
ptoySS of tkS lallroudH, the board says.
This disparity of statiiH suggests the
citation ?if federal an<i stat?. wage
commissions whia h shall exercise func?
tions regarding la ban- ?'iig.iK?"d in work
upon pUUtl ' BtnttiSS analogous to those
Bxarclsad with regard le sagital bj the
Public lervtos commlealons already in
The report sajs:
it Im weil understood b) the b??aiU that
tin- problem for width th?- above plan is
a suKgest'si solution Is s comptas and
littn nit ?.n?. The suggestion, however.
onl of a profound COnVKtlOn that
Hi?' food ami clothing of our people, th?
industries ami the general welfare <>f the
nation, cannot i??- permitted to depend
upon the policies ana the dictates of any
i-artiMiiar group ot m?n, whether em?
ployer? 01 employee, nor upon the de?
termination ?f a group of employers and
employes combined. The public utilities
of the nation are of such fundamental
importance to the whole people that their
operation must not be Interrupted, and
means must be work???! out which ?Till
guarantee this result.
The report Is signal wi_j_?K reserve by
Charles R. Van His.?, tit Madison, WIs.
(chairman)! Onoaf s. itraua, of Hew
Volk; ?Tbert Shaw, of New York;
Pre?ortch n. Judson, of st. Louis, and
Orto If, Kidlltz, of New York, who wcro
appointed by ths ?'hief justice of the
Buprems court of the United states,
the United States Commissioner
Labor and the proifdlug judge of
United states Commerce Court anil
Daniel Wlllard, president of the Br
more & Ohio Railroad, representing
P. If. Morrlssey, former grand ma:
of the Brotherhood of Railroad Tr?
inen, representing the engin?>ers, wi
a dissenting ??pinion in which Im?
pressed tlm belief that the award W?
have the effort of retarding the pr
re?s of arbitration in the settlement
industrial disputes on the railroads
Mr. Iforrlaaey contends thai
award dOCS md Settle the import
principles raised by the engineers, ;
claims that it Is based upon Statist
thai arc not only unreliable for
purposes for which the boat u
them put that the board also cried
j the application of these ITdgB StSl
For thi? reason, say? Mr. Morrms
"while the engineer? will farthfb
abida by the award during the per
that it is to continue, at the same ti
it can be only temporary because
fundamental basis is so insecure."
Mr. Morrlssey recognizes the imp
tance to the onglneeii of the offecti
such Increaoes la ?age r,tt?s and i
establishing of SOCh uniform rules
service as the board has swarded.
"There has been," he says, "a gain
Saw n t i ils and S step forward has In
taken In the standardisation In en
neere* rateo and of conditions for i
JSastei n ?iistt let."
Mr. -forrleeey dissents from the n
Jortty of tho hoard in their reco
mendatlon that ?age cominlasions
established with power of COmpulS,
arbitration, although he suggests tl
th?TC are some important. activities
which wag?' commisoloni might prol
ably give their attention.
*A Striking Arbitration Suggestion
A striking suggestion is HUMUS in I
recominendatioti that hereafter arl
tratioti boards should bs so conetltui
that non?? of the parties compool
them--not even representative?; of t
public-should have a majority Of t
mombera; that the majority ohould
constitute?! hy reiiresentntlv? I of
least two of the parties agreeing.
Mr. Morrisaej i dla rating 'repc
il? s a it ii th?' ttatemsnl i
i that t ? ' ommendatioi
In II ? Itect virtuell;
' art itiation for lhe rail!uads ? nd ia<
, | l;,|g ,
obll Itlons -a nil h n Is
operate agalnet its being adopted, it
? w boll) It iprai tlcable TI ??
, .?? i the aettlemenl i ( dlnputi eta ? i
th" ri i, and their employes wit ho1
marked. There is aothlni undei
condit prevent ita contii
will never bi perfect, but, even ?<
!?? Immeaaurabli bettei than it woo
1er . ondl i Ion? ?ucl 11 I h? i oai
s Ths peace that would
i ich an Ideal ? mdli Ion us that h id
those makins the r? o
I t:.?ri would be t'io ,i> ui'. ?ought ?
II ??? ild be attained To insure the pe
? i Industrial pi s< ? so mu? h ?h
sired will require a broa 1er s:
t i .n that wh!<-h would aha ? l
rights of a large group ol o
History of tho Controversy.
The arbitration resiltel from a ?ol
movement begua by the Brothet
hood of Locomotive Engineer! In Jam
ary bis?, when the brotherhood |
?d t?? (he railroad- ?? aeries of
Ing uniform rates rf pay, utlifori
oleaaMeetlona of eervieo end unifon
working ralee throughout the ? latei
diatl i t (efus_l of the mill ? !
graol the reaueeta ? r? pan ?>r in wbol
resulted In ? strlhe vote by the engi
? hi- ti indicated thai more than l
psr cent of the men wer? prepared to k
? ?i ? "hlef w it
i"ii S H tone Judge Martin a. Knapi
i nlted States ? 'ommerce i 'our
nnd in. Charlea P. Neil! United Btate
? r of Labor, urged an amice
?u - 'i.t a conf? n n. ? with thee
two ofllclals brought about an agreemen
between the railroads and the englneei
to -ni.mit the dlapute t?? a board of ar
The board began Ita deliberations i
juia, hm only i?? ?i" waa abli to ai
nouuee Its .lualons Hearings wei
given store than a ??rore of ei
whose case eras presented ,,->' Oran
Chief Warren B. -tone, and the railroad
i by u M Duncan, r<
oalvet of th? *a heeling .\ i.. ?-?? . ?
n. a. Wortnlngton, no ? presiden) of th
Chicago * Alton. Rack party preaente
an abundan.r statistical material an<
of documentary evidence In support o
Claims of the Engineers.
Th?* englneei i preoented sa
I la favor of their olalma the following
The nature <?i their ealll ig, they ?tated
involve?! heav* and Increasing reeponal
l.lllty, si eat sUill and errUleney, long l>i ?
pnretory training, acute mental ?train
much hansrd and llndted reara ei i um
ing power. Thai ii"i?i that <m .? oaal
m tha In '? 'v- m the slss ol enginoi
theii rosponeihillty sad productlvltj
v., ?. steedllj inn roe sing. The) beU
tn.it the wages ot engineers had nol kepi
pact with othei clae ?a ??f train aorvloe
und thai the wagea ?>t the engineer? is
the Kantern diatrlot aA,.|.. not eo high an
in the Southern and Weatern dlvl
The railroad?, ?m their aida, held that
the engineer? now receive nol only a fail
i n s iitjirui compensation for the ?oik
performed, being the highest paid ?i.i ??
si employee in the railroad servies; u.at
th?- hours of duty aere limited and othei
?condition? "f service so arranged as t?>
relit re the engineers in the normal cours?
of ?oik of excessive strain and thai
there bad been no change In working con?
ditions sine ths last wag? adjustment
no? requiring adjustment Also, th? rail?
roads held that um) were financially un?
able to meet the Increseed compensation
The reipieste, upon one Bide, and their
general refuaal, upon the other side, ?ith
no propooal for ? modification of exist?
?as ratea of p.iv or rule? of service,
placed the problem before the board o?
determining whether an Increase should
be graiiteai, und, If so, bOW liiiich for t a? Ii
claaa of service for each of the Bfty-twe
Th?i board's Investirai lot.s l??d it to con?
sider the broader aspects of the problem
Never In the history of the i otted States
has these been a utllke on all the rall
roads of a ?ri-at section of the countr .
The presen' arbitration, invoivins as it
diii a ooaoerted movement affecting Bfty
two roada, represented a new phai
development. The railroads mvolved op?
?rated 9UM miles ?>f main track In IMO,
or more tban one-fourth of the total mile?
sge of Aim rlcan railroads, Their annual
operaUng revenue? exceed B,000,000,ouu, or
i,earl a- 4?) per cant Of th?? total for Uli
nmerr?ten rallroada. They ee?rted nearly
one-half ?>f the fr??igbt" traflSc ol
United Slates Uhd over two?flfths of the
pa monger traille. Excluding general ??th
cera, the annual payroll of th?jlr smpki
amounted to |ne,0w,00a), and the annual
I compensation ot tha engii.re aloni
near!) 88,000,000, or 41 per cent of tit?'
total compensation paid nil railroad engt?
i.. ? i in the to u,trv.
Th?- railroad? comphae nearl) sil "i
thoee in New England, New York, Penn?
sylvanie, Delaware, New lereey, Mary?
land. Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and part
of Illinois, or pr*?tl.-*lir nil line? eat
of ?CbfcuKO ttiad nOfSb o? the NerfoA. "*a
Western Railroad. They serve ??>lm_t S7
?_???.?"?? people, ??r more than t"1 per cent
of the total population of the country.
If an effective railroad strike had oc*
eurred In the Eastern part of th?? rnifii
States It not only would have been dl?
SStroU? to the railroads and resulted In
great loeaae to the engineers, but would
have meani a loss to t ie public vaatlj
larger than that of both parties to tie
conflict. A ?ucoeaaful general strike in
the Eastern dletrlci would have put thai
great section of ihr country In much the
same situation as granee was placed i
r? a?, rears ni.'", when there was ? general
rollruad strike In tha? COUUtiy,
RAILROAD HEADS SEE
VICTORY IN AWARD
New York Centra! and the New
Haven Engineers Will Gain
Little, They Say.
SMALL LINES PAY MORE
Presidents and Managers of
Eastern Lines Favor Plan of
Men Oppose It.
in the osas ?>f nom?, of the large raada
tin wagea awarded to-'lay bg tli" arbitra?
tion board In the railroad engineers' bob?
troveroy ware little alabar, if any, than
tii?- wages now pai?i, but in the smaller
roada, which are not on as Rood a psjring
la the Increase, which ?s practical!}
a ISTslHag up of the nages, la consid?
Regarding tha saggastJoa of a system
of official a i nitration. whi?-h the labor
member of tha cotwntttaa la appssed to
on the around that it would ritan com?
pulsory arbitration, rmrnssnlstlTsa ?>f the
rallrtMvda said v?-m? niay that the pressure
?,i pablle opitiion would bars a good deal
to ?i?? with furthering legislation which
???ni?! make this possible.
Vice-president .lohn B, Kerr, of th*
Ken Voik, ?Hitatio & Western Kailroa?!.
asid the wag? i aw?srdad would he a. slight
percentage OT? the wages paid on that
'The award," In- continued, "will be
hard ?m the an-allsr roads or roads which
srs not ?/leltltng moieh profit. The un
fortanats part <?f the matter la that w?
bars now IS fa* B Ihe demamls of the
flremen, trainmen an?l others for large
Increases In wages. Iba dsa-unds of tfcs
?ir.-iii? n being In already,
ta t'. compulsory arbitration, i; would
pood thing if Bome ?y-ism oould he
devised by which strikes Buck as threat
? n??i by the engineers before arbitration
.v... ,i . mad <m could not take place.
"The <!??< -Isiori of tho arbitrators on
auch caaes, however, as fur aa i can se?
now, could he enforce?-! on the rallroa'ls,
bttt COUld lUH be enforced on the BMB,
The force of public opinion Bomnllaan is
to av? rt BUOb industrial
it not always."
w. ?'. Etrown, prsahh nt of tin* New
\,,'k central Railroad, was In faene ?>f a
system of arNtraUeu.
i ballere?" be ?aid, "that ?t ?houid not
be in the power of s rerpsrsllen or sap
?it amployea bteausa of sa Indus?
trial dispute to tie up sU the traffic in
tha Bast by a ?-tr.k?- which would para?
lyse trsJBC, abut off the delivery of fnod
hiuffs and all other BacaaaUtfte? and brim;
i .'.'..?n ot affair.? Which WOUld
to the ? -mire ??immunity.
v i the noaslNlliy of brtnglag about
itlon which would B-aks such a
Unity Impossible tht'iiigh a sy.?t?'m of
arbitral ?a I am not preparad to asy, but
tii?- public ahould i?> oiaudalsrats? and if
snch , is brought about public
opinion otighl Is be s great factor In the
, ? it?, r
"Am to IBS iragSS in the award, they
?;i|.roxlmat?-ly the WagSS paid on the
Nt W Vork ?.'entrai or must of its -UlSS,
No doubt tii?- raiataf of the wages to this
tSVSl will , OSBS hard Ml the sm.i'ler lines.
w ii.it i bare said ragardtag some official
m teas of ?preventing a railroad ptr'.k?*
BSD h as was threat--n? ?l ought. In my
-. to apply to ga? companies and
-bear empt? ? i
a repreeentatlre of the Brie Railroad
aald ''? ?? ar?t ?i nttghl ?nena a
amall adran.n bobsb of the ssetloaa si
tfcs Brie RitJlroad. The Brie in it? sgree?
mentrt witli the aagtasOfl and other em?
ploy.? . '' ' ?iperatir.g force gave the
areragi wages paid by th? principal
"A* to the t-uggestlon of a system of
arbitration by watch the Undings ??f ??n
arMtratlon board oould be saads ooiapul?
? BUSd, "it would be fbugbt
1,-.- ail ti,- latKir union;?. I'n'h-r the seSB?
? rtt (.'?institution I do not se?- how aiiv
employe co?ald tie eosapskad to work if be
,li?l not want to w??rk."
The llremen OU tlie Eastern roads, who
Bjiead to t- itpaae the dlBonaston of their
demanda on the fifty-two bsaecn rati
ma,ls with the i:u?nag?)ia' committee, are
BOW wuitiiig tiietr tan, rrecld'-nt \V. s.
Carter, of the Brotaerfcoed ?>f Locomotivo
I'lit-m? n and Kngln? men. who ?-ame to thU
dtp hurt svsning from Washington, said
he beUtrred the adjustment cotnmtttee of
nfty-two raaasssenttag the firemen <?n the
Bastan roa?!;? weadd he ready to meet
the BUUkSgerS* committee of th?* rallroa?t?
au Mondai meet, ??* BUggeatad by j. Q
Stuart, Chairman Of the managers' com?
mittee Ragardtag the award in the casa
Of the aaglUSBia be sal?! :
?Th.' engineers ' bailees, win b*> dis
sppoiatad, They flapseted a ?????od deal
more. Ah to compulsory arbitration, every
worker la the country would o>ppsss it. it
is contint) to the prlnilples of the Amer?
ican Constitution and would be what I
has been consoli?
dated with The
'"THF. scope of
well known con?
cerns has been
greatly enlarged by
which should in?
sure artistic excel?
and mechanical ef?
John H. Eggers
141-155 East 25th Street
TKLEPHONE MBMAPItOM IQUAKI
wollt! call judlclal'sin If It were In oper?
M*mbei? of the arbitration ?-omi-itt?-?;
wi.u arare Interviewed in this city did
nor ? m?' 10 dlecuei th?: award before It
was made publie. Oscar B. Strand ?aid
that for tho members to comment on S
would mean commenting on their own,
\?.orl<. Everything In the report had been
carefully thought ???t- ?nd weighed la
every aspect ?x-fore it was adopted.
The award Is retroactive to May \, 1$12,
ami operates until May 1, l?ia.
New Haven, Nov. 14. -Th* effect of th?
finding of the arbitration board upon th?
wnees of the engineers of the New York.
New Haven & Hartford Railroad t.'om
pany is Indicated by The following offlolal
statement laauad to-day by the road:
On the New Haven roa?! the rate named
In tii?; telegraphic report of the award Is
10 i enta a day higher than now paid in
freight and IS centu a day higher than
now raid In passenger.
Coupled with the avunmlssion's award.
b"tv'.'i?ir, la a change in the overtime rat?
and metlioal of flgurlnj? overtime, making
the ovt-rtlme rate of the award lesa than
tow paid on th- New Haven. In switch?
ing service the rate nanvd in the award
is the same a.s now paid on the Now
Roughly, en the New Haven the In.
crease askcl tor by the engineers would
have amounted to probably %z',?.t\t\o a
yar. or 15 per cent Without attempting
to make any r-al caiculatli n of the p?r
oenl of Increase, if any, under the award.
il Is thought it will vary from 2 per
cent Increase in the ?-as. of fr?dght <?>
possibly a little more in tho case of pas
?BLAMES DEAD ENGINEER
Report Says Short Cross-Over
Helped Cause Westport Wreck.
i Uy T? ?-?rraph lo ? '?? 'Inl
Hartford, ''onn., Nov. :'t in a report
issued to-day C. C, K!w,-||, the chief
engineer and Inspector of th?? CooaeCt
cut PabUfl t'tilitles Commission, who ?ai
formerly In the Mew Haven
cliia'erlng department, dim ,\??t
ii?jrt wreck of Octohea I, m which
people note kt!i??i, 'dama* th? d ??t ?ii
glnaer first, und. secondly, ti?;
sharply curved '
sion iss ied tide order:
it is ordered:
1 That the New Yolk, N? v. Ha
Hartford Railroad Corai d it
hereby Is, directed forthwith t.. ri
said facing switch leading from
to tra?'k No. ?.
-. When high Speed trains SI
varied Ironi one ira. k to ?not he I
the crooso?-er through which they r. il
pass is not safa? for hiKii speatd, >ai?t
trains must be brought to ? I ill ?toi'
before the switches an -1 for 1 oaeovar
RICHARD T. HIOOIKS,
.7. H. HALE,
T. IV I'OHD,
Publie Utilities Oinimisslon
Concerning the facing point switch re
f.'ire?! to. InTtTtfT Klwell ?j.i>s.
The character of the marks west of the
the cross over prove that the tendei mot
raroonlng m?>r? than the engtoe, de? to
Its centnfugal force, and ?hit'tlng load ?f
?Ml and water, ami that the (ef1
wheels of tii?? forward tend? r trueki were
not touching the rails, while the right
hand flung? s were preosh | hard BIBta**
the north rail. This condition exist? d
while they were g nng fru? the weat eni
of the ? roaaover to where tho mala ?"'?"
tiii'.ts a facing -wiTch leading fr?m trac?
No I t?> ira? k No. 6.
At this point the width of the rail beds
conihln?d gave S wider fuirfaf for the
Wheel treads and. th?* bearing, whi'h
came on the outer part of th?i treaii
raised flange? on part of the wh*el and
allowed It to cross th? top of both th?
BWtteh and Stock rails: h-T?* th? forward,
tender trucks were derailed ami dropp-'d
to the ties forty-four feet beyond. Th?
flve-fOOt drawbar connecting the engin?
to the tender made It possible for the ?an?
gine to keep on the main track until H
reached the fi?g, where It lost Its e?iul
lllrlttm. due to the direct action of th?
derailed tender and aided by tho centrifu?
gal force of the eiiKlne Its.?It.
The fad that th.? engine passe?! througi
ami beyond the oroaeoToc at !"?ch hi?da
n.1 is remarkable, and I feel as*ur?*?i
that hail It encountered curve? not e*?
feeding 4 degree? the train would h_v* '
been uuharm?'d in making the crosnover.
Bu I leti n.
THE EARLY WINTER RESORTS
OF THE UPPER SOUTH
Chill November and the first sharp bite of winter
frost turn the face of the winter vacationist toward the
resorts of the lTpper South.
He ifl first attracted by the pines of the Carolinas,
where the edge of frost il ?lulled by the protecting barrier
of pine-clad hills.
It is an out-of-door life that beckons to the Northerner
with the promise of colt* and gun and horseback exercise.
Ptaehurat if the rirst to open wide its doors. It is an
ideal place for earlv winter recreation and sport. Winter
golf ?8 indigenous to its soil and climate. Other sport* of
the open help to till the sea.son's attractions.
To accommodate the tra\el to this region, the
Pennsylva?ia Railroad will inaugurate, on November 30,
through sleeping car service between Pennsylvania Station,
New York, and Pinehurst, on train leaving Pennsylvania
Station week-days at 3.38 P. M., arriving Pinehurst 8.30 ,
,?'dsKj? the following morning.
l'n?Lniaii reservations and tickets to the resorts in the
I'pper South may be had upon application to Ticket Agents,
C. Studds. District Passenger Agent, or William Pcdrick, Jr., j
Assistant District Fp^senger Agent, 263 Fifth Avenue, New
York. Telephone ''M^t*^ ^XXX''