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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 02, 1913, Image 20

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WOMEN RAISE QUESTION: "WHY FORCE WOMEN TO VOTE?"
A Page of Anti-Suffrage Argument?, Edited by Mrs. Arthur M. Dodge.
President of the National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage.
Mrs. Dodge Tells of Inception
and Growth of Woman's
Organized Movement
Against Suffrage.
The National Association Opposed lo
Woman Suffrage was formed for the pur
pose (,; assisting women t.. organise
against auftragt In states where no antl
augrng* srganlaatlon ?-xisis. and to
strength-en, h) cooperation, the different
slat.- associations. The presidents of the
vartoua stat? organlaaUoaa fera the efli
can snd board of dlretoere a.r the na?
tional association.
When the national asooclation was or- |
gSLBssed. In Noeember, MB, there were In
a slstsnea associations in the states of
Men vork. Massachusetts, Pennsylvania. I
Maryland, Rhode island. Illinois and
Oregon Blnea that tune associations
bare been formed In Connecticut, New
Hampshire, Washington. i>. C; Ohio,
Wisconsin, Virginie Nea Jersej v.-i?
mont and Michigan
Mans l-enguea are beingf?armed n man)
atates the latg-esl In Maasachu tt
The women who s ? most active In th?
stata associations are prominent In edu?
cational and philanthropic work, and ;
some of them have been pioneers In > ivi.?'
and municipal reforma
Thosa' who hi. opposed t.? woman suf?
frage believe that women do nol yei r??
alise the enormous opportunities which
-, ? be. n glvi h i.? t ?-ni m the lai i fort t
reara and that thej have n..t >.t been
able to adapt themseh ?,- t<? new coi
lions, or .... all 11? * work which la nowi
within thelt pow? h> throwing women]
Into the arena <>f activ? pottttc**, and the
holding of elective .?tti?-.???, with all that It
implies, neitiiet women thorns? Ives nor
;h?> stat-? will be ??? aeflted. It la
1er that the M purpoSS, abilltj and:
esperten a '?<? be found Bt**t*TB women In
mai v wnlha of ufe should be used tor th< |
benefit of th. cesnmnnlty, and thai
. n of hjdgmeni and energy should be ap- '
pointed on auch educational, > haiitahla
-aiutary and reformatory boards com
mlaeiona and committees as th? ml
methods of uttUalns thelt cap? tlei
Interest in the public welfa ?
Women should s. iv. the stat. In ev?
gay possible wil ? ; ?? ??)??. i lalni
home i?> tin- entrance Inb a"tiv. politic*!
Anti-eugraglsta believe as do the
frngtsts, thai through women, v- i t i ?
Increased opportunities and advan s
menta siiali coin, nani reforms for the
betterment of Um condition of women - I
children, bol .lift'.: from the -uffragists
In the b-i.cf thai It c in be through ? -
ballot box.
Tin nation;.! in has Its offl< e
at Xo ?? IV?m Hfa street, Sen fork
City, where the monthly meetings of the
hoard of director* are held, it Isouea ..
monthly nu-gazine. "The Woman's Pro?
test." devoted te argumenta an-amst -
traga and news ?concerning the antl-i
rage movemem an ovei the country,
which has grown iapi?ll:>.
Pamphlets nivin^ argumen - ega
woman suffiam are sent on requeel ,
Books reoommandai for leading:
"The Ladies' Battle." Mollj Elliot Bra?
well; "Book of fVosnan's Power*; Antl?
Suffrage: Ten Oood Reasons," Oraoe Duf
*ield Ooedwte; "The Bnstneas of B? ai ?>
Woman. " Ida ftt Tarbell; "Woman
Adiift," Harold Owen.
MOVEMENT "BEHIND TIMES'
Would Be Imposition on Women,
Mrs. Ohittenden Thinks.
The movement for woman suffrage la
in reality fifty years !.. hind the times It
helongs to the past ratln-r than the pres?
ent In that it chnRi to th.? belief that the
ballot in usa if i- a panacea foi all existing
?viis. At the time of the French Revolu?
tion anal even halt a century ago, uni?
versal suffrage was widely regaralcd ?is
being a sha.rt cut to th?- solution of all
governmental prohlenis and evils. But
that clay has passed. M? n have found
that social reforms could not he brought
about by merely voting on ?lection day.
That is the reason th?-y have organised
commissions and ootannlttSSB to consider
the questions of child labor, tuberculosis,
the care of dependent children and kin?
dred subjects from an economic and hu?
manitarian point aif view, in order to edu?
cate and stimulate opinion ta? a more in?
telligent anal comprehensive understand?
ing of these questions. They realize that
public opinion must first create a demand
for a law. and afterward enforce it In
order to make the law effective. In this
task of ma.uldlng and stimulating public
opinion woman plays a great and Impor?
tant part.
We believe In n woman's right to the
control of her earnings and her property,
in the right to make contracts and to be
protected In her work; in the right to be
Joint guardian of her children with her
husband. To-day woman In New York
State has not needeal the ballot to gain
any of these rights, and if It were known
that she would never have the l.,-ill..i
none of them would be taken away fr?>m
her. But we go a step further In our be?
lief in woman s rights and hold that she
should be exempt from sharing the bur
alens and responsibilities of government
since sh?p ?"-annot alo all things and alo
them well, and It is her lilghast right as
well as her duty to give herself unre?
servedly to the great work which she is
called upon to do, that of ministering to
ail life. ALICI JIII.L ?.'HITTENDKN,
President, New York State Association
Opposed to Woman Suffrage.
CARDINAL GIBBONS HOSTILE
Political Arena Not Woman's
Sphere, Says Prelate.
I am hostile to woman suffrage, always
have been and will continue to be. Some
one ls always asking me why I oppose
woman suffrage. I am always wondering
why they ask me that question. I have
written about the subject for years : I
have preached about It and I win eoathsue
to urge that nothing be don. which will
take woman out of her proper Sphere
When a woman enters the political
arena she goes outside the sphere for
which she was Intended. She gains noth?
ing by that Journey. On the aither hand,
sh? loses that anrtMSlvenssa resp?-et and
dignity to which she is entltleal in her
home.
To debar woman from such pursuits Is
not lo degrade her. To restrict her fielal
of action to the gentler BVOCStlSM <?f life
Is not to fetter her aspirations after th?
higher and bettet. It Is. on the contrary,
to secure to her not equal rights, so calle?l.
but those xuperemlnent rights that can?
not fall to endow her with u sacred Influ?
ence In her own proper aphete, for an noon
ns woman trenches on the domain of man
she must not be surprised to rind that the
S&rfl?a M T?rbell
i .-?. c ??: t on* > .'. "i .!? .1 bei bas bi en In
pai t oi a holly withdrawn.
CARDINAL GIBBONS.
ROOT'S VIEWS ON SUFFRAGE
Says It Would Injure State and
Be Loss to Women.
i s n opposed to (ranting oi si ffrai ?
worn? eca? se i believe that ll wo d
be s kxM '" women, to all wom?tn mi i to
? ? i on ??! . and be? ause i b lleve It
would be an Injury t>? the state, t?> every
man and ever) woman In the state, it
would !?? Qselesi to argue this If th? right
of suffrage were s natural right. If ?t
were s natural right, then women should
hav? It t .?? ipii the h? ai i ni fall But if
there ha ?ste thing settled In the long <hs
cusMon i.i i >.: > subject, n la that suffrage
is n?.t a i.attirai tight, but II slmpl] a
m ear. s ..: government ami the sole ques?
tion !.. be dlscueaed Is whetbei govern?
ment ??> the suffrage of men and wessen
win be better government thsn b) I ?
suffi ace of men alone.
The question Is, therefore .. quesUon
of exped?an? ). and the quesUon of expe?
diency upon this subjaet i-1 not a question
? .f tyranny, but s question of liberty, a
QUestlsn Ol UM preservation Of free i on
stttutlonal government, ?>f tow, order,
i'ea? e iin.i prosperity.
int.? my judgment there enters so ale?
i men ?>f the Inferiority of woman, it is
? i that woman II Inferior to man. br.t
it Is that woman is different from man.
that In i ?? distribution ..f powers, of
I capacities, of qualities, our Maker bas
created man adapted to the perform
of certain functions In the - -onomy >>f
?.- and so? I? t). ,.i"i woman ad ?
i<> th? performance of other functtoni
One question to be determined In the dis
[cuaakm <.t this subject is whether th?
nature ?>i woman is such tnat ber taking
upon her the poi foe manca of the fun?o?
lions m ?.;iwi in mffrage Will Lave her
;in tin- possession and tiie SSSfClSS "f bOI
htghesl p..vers of will be an ai.andon
ment of those powers and an entering
\ upon a field In which, because of her dlf
' ferencos from man. she is ?list?n rtly in?
ferior.
. 1 hav?- sail that 1 thought suffrage
! would be a loas for women, i think so
beeauM suffrage Implies not maraly tbs
; .?asttag of the ballot, the gaaUs and
peaceful fall of ihe snowflake; but s if?
frag?-, if it means anything, means enter?
\ ing upon the field of pol?tica] Hf.\ and
politics is modified war. In politics there
is struggle, strif?-. contention, bitterness,
h?art burning, excitement, agitation,
? everything which is adVOTM to the true
I character of woman Woman rules to
j day by the sweet and notdS Influence* or
ber character. Put woman Into the arena
| of conflict and she abandons those great
Weapons which control the world, and
i she takes into her hands weapons with
] which she is unfamiliar and which sh<- is
i unable to wield.
| The whOM science of gOSQI UllUlIlt is the
i science of protecting life and liberty and
the pursuit of happiness, of protecting
! our person, our property, SUT homes, our
wives and ?>nr <-hildr?n Bgtlast foreign ag?
gression, against civil dissension, against
j mobs and riots. Against ?nine and die?
, order, and all the army of evil, civil s..
elety wage? Its war. and gOVSI nni.-nt is
the method of protection, prote.-tlon of
us all.
In the ?llvin?- distribution of powers,
i the duty and the right of protection rests
with the male, it is so throughout nature.
It is so with m?n. It Is a great mlstak? .
it is a fatal mistake that these gaosliOBl
women make when they conceive that
the funcUoaS Of men are auportor to
theirs and se? k b> usurp heni. The true
government is In the fa-nlly The true
throne Is in the household. The highest
exercise of power is that which forms
I the conscience, Inflin-nccs the will, con
' tn.ls the impulses of men, and there to?
day woman is supreme and woman rules
the world. BLWU BOOT.
*
SUFFRAGE AND FRANCHISE
Henry, A. Wise Says Women
Voters Have Not Helped.
1'iimarily there are main- obligations
incident to th<- franchi? which .vornan is
, not capable of bearing. H man in the
exercise of his franchise ?n not capable
i of doing Justice to woman, I do not be
: lleve that woman's condition will be In
any way improved by giving her the fran?
chise,
i Th?- greater the extent <.f th. franchise,
the gr?-ater are the ?llffh ultles Incident
thereto.
, My observation is that in the comnnmi
! ties where woman has been given the
j suffrage then has been no material Im
proveaassit In eondhlone, and my furthsi
observation m this regard Is that a very
I large peresatags of tbs nest women in
? th.- communities where the franchis?- Is
: vest?-?l In them ?1<> not assreisc It.
; If worn?-n will us?- their intluence with
! their husbands and sons and brothers,
! they ?an utter conditions to that way
stare qatokly than they can by ssereaaag
the franchise them;. Ives.
If the women up to th?- present time.
with only ni?'ii to deal with, have not
been able to produce satisfactory r?suits,
Cardinal Gibbon<s
<S> CAW7ML L rroo/0
Sertd?or
E2ihu f?op?
(?)I4/*W0A/ rAmxer-r
let them . onald? t v. bal ?ill be th? I
eultlea when the) bare both Boxes t,, deal
with Hist.,: . does ti"t Indicate that th?
: ballot atavatea the moral tow of any ??i"
an?! woman have all of the u..,l. ?
t! at men ai<- hair t...
Lei ui produce a ? Isaner .m.; purer con?
dition in the franchise .'is it now axlati
before we add sny other elemsnts to ths
alr.-ady difllcult situation
HENRY A WISE,
I 'nttsd .Stat'-' 1 ?1-t t it vu?,in. v
-I
DAMAGE TO WOMANKIND
Dr. Schlapp Thinks Question
Not One of Equality.
Ill .Mai <i Schlapp, a.f a'ornell .M.-di
?al Behool, cam?? out racentlv in a i>ow
erful iiri?tf?st against the tendencj >.f th?
modern woman t?. Interest herself ?'
eternal actlvltlea of the Industrial world
in- gchlapp ?f-- m a position t.. under?
stand the eppalllns daasage being dona
ta. womankind through the operations ol
this tendencj i r? ature le quote s.
of (lie most atrtktng passages fr.mi hi.-?
protest. Wllicii appeared recently in "The
Outlook' under the graphic title The
Enemy at tin? Gate**:
"Never hefaire has tin- world done itf
Work ululer mi? h high tSUStOfl as to?
da >.'
"Industrialism thai la absorbing the
vitalities of men i> doing stili grast? ?
damage to women, it need to '??? some?
i what unusual f..r aromen t.. i-.. ..at int.?
th.? world ait work Only the daughters
a.f the MTV poorest families gave their
lives to Industriallem. N-sn women have
almost displaced me?, in many Kinds of
employment. Office work la done almoat
exclusively by women The great office
i buildings of th.? cltj ai< Blled with
i aromes employee."
"Pubii?? men who attend several recep?
tmns, aeversl dlnnera and make ten or
twelve apeeebea n an afternoon or even?
ing. bealdes travelling aa many mil?--? ;?
maka a daj of w?orfe for s trainman, ara
only a ra-Mev of crass industry thai de?
mands all there is in a man from ala.V
t?i day. The woman who belonga t"
clubs and bo i'-;i.--. acting on scores ..t
committees, taking part m meetings, ne?
gotiating business dssla for the csns?
until she tremblas from 'lie sxrttemsnt
of it ail. is following the example
' -purred on by B restla-ss energy 'hut is
due to alisregaral of mental anal physical
hygiene "
"We hav.- in", the first explanation .?i
; tin? abnormally active woman Tin? ner
' vous organisation arorka peculiar changea
? in body and mind. The niiml. perfeetl.v
sane, but l.alanae.l like a ha.r-u ?gger, be?
comes ssperssnsitlva to external Impies
alona ''aim judgment la?av?-s It. It lie
comes enthusiastic over a propaganda at
? whii-h botera i* wouiii i.?- aghast
j "Hleasures ceaa.? to give th?- stimulation
I d'-sli-fd. and new IdSSS OOBM that seem
and perhaps ar?-, bigger anal worthier.
Then women advance, as th? y have now,
I to disput? lb? phlloeoph) of th?
contest with men In all pun i u and -? -t
I op their ? ??>?. n plans of iif>
<;.nt!<- women, naturally retiring and
re, becosM suffragists and suf
? i. and they aland boldly on .?
?oapbos m i public square, before s mot?
?to) throng, t-? proclaim th.-ir ssmaada
'These am? women, driven b) the esl?|
genctos .-f the hoar approve rrocti eon*
dad "i? the part of their Matera as that
.?f bias king up of meetings, storming and
InsulUng public men In the Mrs?
1 throwing Moaes snd smashing nindows
i conditions ar.- only an svldenc? of
? ? Dsrvous tfistreM thai has iMtootne uni
? .1 "
"We are developing i w*MBaidMSd that
is bseemlng free of the bss?acttve d-sire
for mut),. iI.o.mI. hii?i "frequently without
in?- oapadty f>.r it. The racial Mrangth
; nf r.-pr?,.|n?-li?.n 1? declining The blitb1
! ?rate drops, sad of the children born the
proportion of th-?-.- Infirm Incresaea,
at last we are confronted with the prool
thai li.?- hlgh-sp.?-d effort of OUr dSil)
lires bas b i. ?ugh! sugar tog not only upon I
ouraelvsa, but abo upon our children It
i ibocking t.? cootemplats how fer ths
\ iMtatloo has ?stende I.
'Th. rate Is told In flgur. I Th? 1*0 are
moi? criminals and Imbeciles to each 1 oM
of populstton than over bef,.r<- Then
an- fewer Mrtbs to sseh IjM populstton
"I.attcr-?la\ win? I). driven by the sti.le
.?i the elements within thorn t?> caormoua
exertions, are ssklng in what way
worn? n an- inferior t.. in? n and are Bt?
tempting to demon strata their squat phy?
sical snduraacs. 11 Is not ? question of
equality at alt M .??> one of physical rttf?
i.i. n.. in ihe sesea which forbids worn?
en from perf(Mining sHb?w factory Labor
or disquieting taski
' o
PERIL OF INDIFFERENT VOTE
Ex-Secretary Fairchild Sees
Menace in Suffrage.
i fear this question of ???man sotfrngs
has been treated too much in the psM
by m? n as if it were g |.,k?. as If it
wars an amusing thing, and as if it did
Sot amount to very much. Men, that I.?
not the way t.? meet your public duty.
TMs thine, Is Mtber very right OS very
Ill next Sunday's issue
of The Tribune various
leading r.dvocates and
exponents of the Wom?
an Suffrage cause will
reply to the arguments
advanced upon this page
by their opponents.
u ro?a 'i ! ? i ?? Is no n Iddle ground abo I I
It, and ?><> i bave gol '?? consider it from'
II ?? standpoint i i?> lleve thai II ibould j
i...i
M Bra) rasaos .- thai II will somewhat
In? ?? i ? i. ? ntag? to the siia.i.- ?.f :
nrclta '?. poaslbt) your corrupt, ?
rote i .!?. not aa thsl it will, bul I BSy
! ir m..- .;.? ,? it probant] will not .h- -
mint?, thai to tin whole II euraly will ?
Increas? the percentage of your Indlffer-1
? ?? or rot? v\bleb does not ??? to
the polls, the rote which does not con?
sider questions, l ,>? rote which doee not
tak? part in government, and, t?> my
mind, thai vote la mors threatening to
?m countr) to-daj than its corrupt vet.-.
CHABLU s rAIRCHILO.
Becretnrj ol the Treasury under Presi?
dent Cleveland.
WOULD WEAKEN WOMEN
Mrs. Ho?velcr S:iys Their Pow
er Is Greater Without Vote.
Ham enrnssl aromen bnve toi.i why
tiiey me opposed to equal suffi age much
better than I can, e i only add my word ;
>.f . noouragemeni i<> the atl-ent ??sters, ?
hoping they win be sllenl n?> longer, '"it?
...m.? forward and -av : "It miisr not
a-otlie." hulead (>f sitting OUlOtl) .?t llai'n*.
aytng "1 supposa II v\iii come," ?if
, ours.?, it win come; It i- bound to come,
If ?ill the woik is done by the few who
WSnt it, wlille the urea: ni.ijoiltv u ha.
deplora II say mKhlng, How can the
man ?vim ray: "if the majority want the
franchise let tii.-in have it," know Which
is the majority, if that majority forever
holds if. pa?.ice. While our friends the
auffrsglata ma- continually urging ami
clamoring)
\\>? have a hard etlOUgh POOttlOS in he?
ilig the opposing Instead of the aggress?
Ire force. Do aol miaunderatand m.v
meaning I do not oppose progresa f
welcome all efforts to help women to a
broader Intellectuality, bul think the bal?
lot has no neeaaary connection with adu?
csUoi and opportunity. If womsn nrs
eager p> . ? ? ?. i.nd insist upon tin-ir ahnra
In siding reform, and lha betterment of
social coiiditi'ins. they do not need the
suffrage; their power i-; muck greater
without ?t.
MKS \\ 11.1,1AM A n<?i:\ BLBR,
of Pittsburgh, i
THE INFLUENCE OF WOMEN,
Suffragist Non-Progressive, j
Mrs. John Martin Says.
I am often sshsd wl,> Il Is that B
woman must neglect bar home if she
vot.s Sur.-ly she can ? BpBSSB herself In
public affairs and still be faithful to home
duties Why annual she do both? gfa ?
<an do ba.th. but it is like blll.ar.ls?von
have t.. hit two balls, but you must hit
your first hall tirst and cm rom from that I
to the aecotid. She can influence the slate '
through the ii'iino, but shu cannot Infill- '
Mrs Mee m Mittenden
pnce ii..- bom? thro igh tbs state The
l.,iii. Is her firM ball Unless she makes
., hit th? re her pto) does not count.
iv, grei |? lam a thing that is need*
,.i i. ,11.1 this Is my objection
,,, ti. . not progr?s*
?j... m -ei : .? ? d of hwnsnlt) is
... ? ow ? the great
task uf braedlng and rearing a higher
;-.. n poi ' Milt) for this Brest
i, :, test that ma nkind has ever
att? mi i--i a t.. il beside wh* h the
building of pyramids end >? catting of
? falls po?
. | withii om m' provine*. Tin re.?'
-,iii come one day,
,,, i ?fin -,,. on? nrhli h ahall awaken b? r u
, ,.\,. ? the regponalblllttea <-f this
o-day progn : ma to
, ,,.,.. tion of those things which dis
, .... ? ? m and the diverting
..: u .? om this i sst task
? . ,, -? -, tion of II ow
li.,I;:. , .,-? . a rage the forward I
... , ... ,. ; ... : -., v ,,( bar (
. | | Ids her di ttin snd
fulfil
Ml:-- JOHN MAI'.TIX
SAYS IT THREATENS HARM
Mrs. Francis M. Scott Points
Warning with Argument.
u.. ffragi ???? ? ml no- meaaurs ,
wiii. h threat? - ??- sll as pron iJ> -' i
good ?'.-i extrei ee, if they can
be in Id a ; a foi a wbMe, aubetde to
thai ?? mparate course s
at? llfllS the b. 11,-r
? i of th? romla?
Won ? ? ??:???.. j foi the work
?re bound to be
. ? i ? I in Its -?-i vac?not
phi!.i. ? bllt Civic as we!!. As
the men air? .1- oq boards commissions
and committees Hi .1 the value of the
women who work ?ith them sraiaea will
i..- moi.- snd more used in appointive po
-?li.u.s and ih.se will be the ?..men so?
i.-i<-d f..i their capacity, training and
freedom from other obligations, la this
WS) the -'al. v- III have i? ? hen. tit ?if
her valuable ?..men cltisetu*, ami social
conditions aill not hi disturbed or
liarme?! b) th? polltlcall) valueless. The
right of women propert) owners to vote
..n property questions, for, mothers t.?
rote on a I ool unsattops theoa aad other
things v?;d settle themsalvas in the gen?
eral raadJuMm*mt of pro grasa, as similar
thing! have done in th. past and arg
doing ail tin time, All women interested
in the betterment "f public affairs can
then form a sort of moral union, which
will hav?- an inun. IISS influence on public
opinion ar..i through that upon legislation
and the enfovcemonl <?f the tow
Is woman Suffrage BUTS to come so?ne
time? '.'o. it is not Inevitable, sot even
probable, but >.' coures is possible, The
longer we succeed In holding off universal
suffrage the lean likely it is to comr.
MUS FRANCIS If. 3COTT.
SAYS FEW WOMEN WANT IT
Mrs. Markham on Conditions in
Connecticut.
The Connecticut AsooclaUon was .?riian
laed Nov.m!..t -?:. mi. During the past
tut.i months we have fo'ined thirteen
branches with s membership of j.im'. In
the past year we have bad four largely
attended mass meetings, besides numer?
ous parlor meetings. The branches haVO
all had well attended tneetlngs.
?We have proved the fsct thst less than
i per en! of tii?' women In the state want
ih?. ballot, based on s deduction made
from th. stat. in. ntl of the SUffraglstS as
to their enrolment at th? ir annual meet?
n..? to November. Connecticut ha s total
population oi 1.11I.7M, of which U?MA are
aromen of voting age. The loffraglsts In
thi-lr petitions claim that U\MA women
ar>- gaktng for equal francbtoa There
fa?-, they claim SSSSJtly I -Ti*-1 ? ??> of the
women to their petitions, and that alter
foity-tinee veais' campaign for squat
rights in Connecticut.
MUS DANIEL a. MARKHAM.
Prealdent, Conaeetteut Association on,
i oeed to Woman Suffrage.
DANGER TO THE NATION
Mrs. Putnam Calls Suffrage Ar?
guments Sophistries.
The danger to the nation in the agita?
tion for woman suffrage is vary gravo,
an i ihe eopblotry atlth which it is urged
is roost deserving, its advooatea have the
ardor of the fanatic and the '/<*ai of the
ctrusader. They behove Htanrsalvea to be
tin- true advocates of pragmas it is for
us to show that progress OSS only be made
along the lines where Nature leads, that
only by working with bar can any gain be
Sff? ??ted. The timo in which we are llv.
lll| la a very critical one, not only for our
.. untry, but for the whole world. Women
hold the futur.- in their keeping, and It Is
because we believe so OtTOBgl) in the need
for woman's work and woman's power
that we are anti-suf?raf?t*ta.
Mi's William LOWBX PUTNAM,
of .Massachusetts As.-i>clations Opposed to
Woman Suffrage.
Miss Ida M. Tarbell Gvci
Reasons for Her Belief Thal
Suffrage Would Not
Benefit Women.
The assumption that the ?m.provetn?fl.?.
of woman's position depends upon th?
vote is quite as unsound as tha- charge of
her inferiority, flixty years ago It was
held that the only road to the broad And
full plan of education which th.? new
democratic scheme maale imperative ?j?
the ballot, but that scheme lias been
realize?! ta? the full without a single worn.
??'s vote. Free and diversified profes?
sional opportunity was said to depend
upon suffrage, but a woman '?an b? al
most what she will to-day. It his not
taken a vote of hers to set profOeetosil
doors ajar and they will surely swing
further open, ballot or no ballot.
L'ndouhtsdl) the argument for suffrage
which to-day causes most hesitation
Smong tha? thoughtful ?ml ?ympathetle
who arc not ?convinced of the wisdom of
extending suffrage to women is that fair
condltlona ami wages for the great body
of aromen in Industry can amly be realized.
by giving them the s^.?rage, that they
neeal it lor self-protection. The rapid ad?
ranea arhJeh protective legislation for
woman and children is making, the abs?j
lute ssrtslnty that It will be soon as pei
fe, i as lias been conceived and will t>.
Improved as rapidly as, it Is leatneu how
to improve it, the absolute certainty that
wages depend not on votes but economic
laws, are the best answers to this.
The woman in industry is after all but
a transient-her working life averaging
hut a few years. She graduates from
shop or factory to real life. The best
that can be don? fot her is to nee to it
that lili? brief industrial period does no'.
impair her physically or morally fer her
high functions, and, above all, that it
does not lead her to believe even dimly
that tin-re ar<? happier or more useful
things than those to which she instinct?
ively turns. A ttainmg that will land h??r
to apply ne. puwci'fl with appreciation and
enthustssm to dornest! i and not to poii'.i
'al life la what she nee?ls Moreover, as a
? 'as- tiie iiidustrial woman a?? we s.>n her
10-day will pass as this country regain?
the indnstrtsl ?rslsi-i it has lost, as th?
presenl unhealthy and abnormal atten?
tion gtvuu to manufacturing ceases an?l
commerce and agriculture ate r?-st?Jted to
their proper place.
A harmful and SMOUUd ImpllcStlOS In
the ancrage srgumsnl ha? been that
woman's position in society would im
??;. In proportion sa her activities and
Interests become the sann- i,s those ,,f
nun. Thla it'iici.si of course ?'..at man?
work in BSdst) la mere important and
dSTalSfflng than woman's. Hut hotli a:*
ssssntlnl t?j aodoty, and who can "ov?
that olle essential CaCtOT is aUPSTloi to
an,.tuet aaaontlnl faster arg ??? as
-? lenttats win aa to whisk sex h pri?
mar) and arhleh Baeondnry, the] pror?
nothing, sine.? the ra ??? ?ease- ?
'either brsnka down. Aa fa* a won,. .1?
re-toning more perfectly ander mascullM
condltlona ??11 tha Insm sf gro* i are
against it ll-r apilitudes and instincts
and fun? tlena ar.- dlffavenl II ;- h
following th? m that she grows moel
easily, f'nnonarlsna Irving along tbs
HnsB of one's nature is alwa.vs moel ? ?
ous ami fruitful. Poing a msn'a v?.oik
m a msn'a amy almost Invarlal
fer a woman aslf??**oo>Bcl|9U8neas, fric?
tion, self-si.ppr? sslon. It is COSt!) to
society and to th.- individual, for It means
at Last the partial atrophy of p?,wers
and qualities pscuHsr te woman a?,!
aaaantlsl to the harmony, the ? harm
and the vigor of society. Her differences
are her strength Their full growth com
I pl?tra tha humas sycle. To auppraai
these dlffereness is to rob not merely t.sr
i individual life but the life of the world
' of its full ripeness.
IDA M TARBRfa
IDEAS FOR MR. WILSON.
' If the t at iff comes off.' thi BSBBBBI
said. why. then, we'll have t.-> x"t our
revenues through other taxes There are
| aonie QUeer ta\?s abroad that we might
adopt
"In Servia, vanitv is taxed-? ?1 tat
cent tax on wigs, am rouge and on pad*
and hustles
' Bachelors are heavily taxed In several
countries, but epinstets everywhere es?
cape this impost.
"Matrimony is taxed in China and. the
older the bridegroom is than the hrid?
the greater the tax levied on him. It U
the wl?e Chinees theory tha'. when as
old man gets a young wife he la nsces
sarlly a rich old man. and one well ebl?
1 to stand a heavy tax.
In Italy. salt is taxed. Mstches *r?
tSJMd in France. ThSSB things yield a?
SasrSBSan revenue sad the ta?; Is very
little felt
"Oermnnv taxes music. If von play the
piano you must pay a tax. and if yeu
sing you are taxed again. Uood old Oer?
j many!
i "Music, bachelorhood, cosm?tica ?-??*?'
! ties, mercenary ami ignoble maTlagee
! whi'ther thes? taxes would be popular or
! nor here. I think that, if heev*. enough.
? th<?\ woulal Improve American cotidi?
I tlons.
BOTTLE-FED FRUIT.
i The p.-aches and pears were ||he , :m.'
1 kins, the grapes and strawberries liB*
BPPlaa and the millionaire said:
"Tea '? grew all this fruit la niy o*n
i hothOUS?i It Is, you know, bOttiS'M
i fruit."
"Hottie-fa-d fruit ?" a ysung girl aasagj
"Yes," said the millionaire. Mottle
( feeding IB the latest wrinkle In the gr-'**
! ing of this enormous winter bothBBJ
? fruit, and It has Increased the fruit'?
! si/.?- and sweet MSB ?s?' or 90 per cent
"This Is the method: When a peach *'
j B pear is young and green and hard H
gardener passes through it a needle ai?
I threaal of coarse a?otton. leaving bo*?
| thread anda sticking out. Me da>es thi?
till eight or ten ends are obtained. Th-**8
i ends he puts Into bottles of sugar-and*
, vvuter syrup, and the syrup, flowing alo?!
. the cotton. Is absorbed by the fruit
I sucked up by It?sucked up as b*bt*
suck up milk?the fruit, in word, is tjfl
tie-fed.
"A^id bottle-f?ed fruit, as you aee M
yourselves, is bigger and more delleats
than the ordinary kind. The tiny pud***
ures made by the needle leave only ?
i email, black scar."
THE AGE OF C08METIC8.
Lady Aberdeen, at a dinner in N?*
Vork, uttered a neat epigram on th*
modern woman.
"The modern woman." ahe said, "rtxtt/t
weeps?her complexion won't stand it?"

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