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THE TRIBUNE'S FOREIGN NEWS
FRENCH CHANGE OF
HEART TOWARD ?. S.
Criticism of Wilson's Policy
in Mexico Gives Way
DUE TO J. HEDEMAN
Correspondent of "Le Matin" in
Washington Disabuses Parisi?
ans of Many Errors.
;fl\ ? at?:? to Tha Trtru'r.? |
fgril ? .e recent drast!?? eritl
jum b?- tha Km n-h pre??, especially the
. ??g finar.??:*; orpan?. reflecting the lamei*.
> spitaiists whose fin
cars ha\e been turned by the situation In
BJ-f-tco, is heing slowly and surely re
plared b) ? ??ave of p??pular sympathy
forth? 1*1 '?-i flrtatSS in what Is cons.d
- " ? .-.ule conflict with
hangs of heart toward the Vnited
? ? ??., tha exhaustive,
c:?a: t. i impartial dispatches dally
' ?- Main. b) ItS ?"?respond
t:' I rgton. Jules Hedeman. which
hi?? :?st opened th? eyes of the
Ft*: ? ? ?? ??' the true situation and
i the many MranKe delusion?
f clung to hy French ob?
rar?' -. the policy a'iopted by I'resl
' | sfe idi'W of proof
ef ?? ? - h assertion, it has been aecept
fundaanesaal fad "i the situation
thst : "traerte.sn Prosedeart was feaans?
? potroll .-n interests and that
i ?? compelled sreonsr or later to
an is a sort of roving fuatafts?
? ? 7 Journalism of the memorable
I re He is In close person.il
- ? ? | l'i'.mai? and with
-; French statesmen, and the
th which he pets foith the
Eton ?'ahmet has
the luted States.
, ten HSbraid and
' l,e Tcmr?'. also "Las
- leocgee < iemen
e" Jean Jaurf?s's
' I?'Humanit?'' and the conservan??
I Its In fairness
-.lude toward th? I n-.ted States.
? the alleged hos
..! toward the
? >ta ss i . . Ames lean sttl?
? l'ai!? aie ;. ?olutel*. untrue. With
j : i ? ? men and shop
ise that they
show any unfriendliness toward
??--t cui-tomers b) quarrelling with
and butter. In fact, the gen
Uag here towaurd Amera-ais was
never more cordial and friendly than
now. Nsg only "La Matin" but "Le Joui
ats" has done good, patriotic
??.???; ng away the cobwebs
?ror the Gallic biain and thereby ena
bjnen to form a just opinion
detailed letters from its New
York representative. Pierre de Bacourt.
? . ner party last night, at
resent Ambassador Herrlck,
an r.\-Mr??ter to Argentina in th? -,
Hitch Sherriil. William
. .rinnt?- ?1? i.ieteuil and other??,
every one was
rill happen after the collapse of
IbfL^trend of feeling being that
the dictata^?VdOWBfal] :s likely to prove
., s real dlflicul
il i ?mains ttiml>
. r astly friendly to the l.'nited
render all afcsist
moral and practical, that It can
I exert to smooth the way lor the
"A ashington administration.
ANTOINE MAY RUN
After His Failure at the Odeon
Rumor Sends Him to
R\ f'abie to The Tribuna l
Ti.-.; Ma> :* Audi?4 Antoine, who, de?
4 genlUS for theatre organization,
Us tallad, like his predecessors, to make
.cess "f the Odeon. the eec
ich national theatre, in, it ig un?
>Ut to mif*rate to ?.'onstan?
? Hag to this rogtort, Antoine
an in? nation Horn the Turkish
t ibllsk a, "th?Vitre mod
Constantlnople^ and Antoine has
iti-.i; Meantime he 1>?
T-.? Odeon Will reopen its doors on
: Its new- dm i toi -, I'aul Ga
?tult, aiP'iiiK-d li> thB Minister of l-'ine
Arts. M VtViaaL in order to endeavor
? nother financial failure of
? | smeat has decided to
rot" the Bubvmtloa fro? faXkht to t*Xi.o>x>
>**r.y. an ? permission has b? en given tu
?CtOi to run pla>a at the theatie
Of the year. A f?ature
?7?f the ntw od'-on repertory will be the
a number of pieces by au?
thor? of the nineteenth oontsuy, notably
Aa*ri?r, s i ;,- and Victor Hugo.
ItJOS juxt issued show that
Om Ft? BISBnl during the year
taxes on 1'ans theatie
tickets ?:| Parisians spent neat
?*tH,(>. Bats for theatres, music
?alls, picture petlaoes and ???a?ilar places
The increase Is alm??st
ktt.a? ot: th? previous year. Picture pal
?**? are ?-? for almost the whole
?t this in<?rease. The receipts of the
*&* ? ?tt?s amounted to $1,
?*?*?*. whereas the returns from the ?t?te
""?atr?s - || *>?,,,? *SSS,saj as compared
FRITZ KREISLER HONORED
Violinist Decorated with Cross
of the Legion of Honor.
. i Ma-saa )
p?-:*. Itsj I Th- \lolimst Fritz Kreit*
'*"**?? been honored by the ?French gov- |
?^oier.t with the Cross of tit? legion of
"?<???. While eta>ing in l'aria this week
r?'?ler ?'??'e * concert in aid of the old
jV Hniions fund, and at fhe end of the
^?t the cross was presented to him
???* Dndenecretary of Stute for Fine
ncthe- musician, the composer Rfhard
%1^!"' ???"? also j i.?t arrived In Paris to
?t?" *h4*n*""J?*' of the kuaaian ballet
"? 0WrH. Including his "Laagend of
Ot^ "?rauh? journeyed from Ger
?Ja?_j P*rl* bv motorcycle, and lmme
^^ undertook the direction of the re- ?
Iff*?,, ' ^'th^M-"? Kousneuoft as PoU*,
Wife of the German Ambassador to the Court of St James's.
RUM TO SEEK
Will Send Three Ships to
Relief of Sedoff, Who
Left Two Years Ago.
PLAY BY TOLSTOY
IN SCENARIO FOUND
Chief Character Is Man Who Has
Devoted Life to Wealth With?
out Doing Good Works.
St Petersburg. April 2S.? The govern?
ment has decided to send the BlSBIIlBIB
Hertha and Andromeda and the motor
ship Tatiana to search for the, Arctic ex?
plorer. Lieutenant Sedoff, who started for
the North Pole two years ago, BUppoaadly
attempting the use of polar bears as
The relief expeelition will be commanded
aptsln lasUaaolt it trill Ural pro
j ceed to the I'ankratteff Islands, on tha
coast of Nova Zembla, and If Lieutenant
SetlotT should not be Uiere the Hertha
will take the stores from the Tatiana and
I fifty Siberian dogs and go to lYS?S Josef
Land, whOsthe Androasada endsea north
; ward along the coast of Nova Zembla to
?'ape Ca?anla, the Tatiana meanwhile re?
turning to Archangel. In case of BSSQ,
th? Hetha will winter at Kranz Josef?
Land making expeditions by sled.
, a hydro-aeroplane. If these efforts prove
fruitless, a .store will be en-'ted sad the
Hertha will return In the fall of 1M| to
An expedition Is also being sent to the
Karlsche coast to search for Captains
BruBelMf and RuPsanofT, who are also
Tolstoy Owned 10,000 Books.
II, Bulgskoff, formerly secretary of
i Count Tolstoy, who has been lecturing
,on the contents of the great writer's
: library, says it numbered 18,888 \olumes
?n thirty-two languages. The Ruaalan
section t"in|insed 3,d05 works; the _klg?
iish, 3.41?; the French, 1,045, atid ti
Atuoni; the manuscripts found 1 ) M
Hulgako?f afte-r Count Tolstoy's desth
?as the seeriatio of a play, entitled
i'et?r Mylar. ' Th? chief character is a
man who has devoted Ins life BOlel) t,,
tha acquisition Of wealth. He has per?
formed no good works. He falls seriously
ill, and one night in a dream sees him?
self being weighed In the scales on the !
Pay of Judgment.
The scales are turned In his favor by
an old beggar man, who lay? in them a
lost which Peter Mytar threw at his
head to get rid of hnn. Peter awakens
and recovara He becomes as open
handed as he, was close-listed before, a
though his wife and others etid.-avor to
persuada him that his lavish gsnerastt*
' rivy and jealousy among the
anta Eventually he allows I
to be sold into servitude. A friend dts
oovers his wberesbouts snd thss i-?- "fliea
away i disappears."
Caspian Sea Sinking.
The scientific world in Kussia has 'or
Klin? time been OOOUplsd with the Binki?fl
of the Caspian Sea. The surface of the
Caspian, which lies twenty-se \ ?n yards
beleiw 8CSSS l?vel, has since June, 1911,
become continually lower. The shrinkag-?
is now even beginning to be Inconvenient
for navigation, as steamers In many '
, places cannot reach the landing stages.
Technical InraatlgatllMBB have failed to
find convincing explanation, though Pro
fes.-eir BhOknUskl, commissioned by the
government to Study the subject, has as?
certained that the umount of water con?
tributed by the rivers flowing into the
Caspian, especially by the Volga, has
considerably diminished. It Is therefore
possible that the river water la n"t f- Ifl.
cient to make good the loss caused by '
AFTER AUTO SMASH
75 Per Cent Responsible for Ac?
cident Caused by Taxi Driver's
Effort to Avoid Him.
I i>> oaMa "j Tha Whtsas J
Parla May a?a surtoua decision just
rendered In the French courts estab
Hshes that a pedt.sti las may be held re?
sponsible Tor a motor accident caused by
the action of a chauffeur in avoiding- him.
M -?franc's automobile was damaged by
a taxlcab owing to a Biidden movement of
the taxi driver made In order to avoid?
running over a foot passenger. M Hores.
I* lbs action for damages brought l.v M
l.efraric the rourts held that both the ;,,?:
?river and m Horcs srsw rsaponslbls.
but us the foot passenger's l.nprude.i.e
was the primary cause of the accident ho,
ordered Klores to pay three-quarters of
the 1340 damages demanded, the taxhab
company paying the other quarter
The decision has caused much com?
ment, as it leads to a direct question of
Annual Contingent of Co
scripts To Be Increased
Thirty Out of Thirty-seven An
Corps Stationed in Western
Quarter of the Empire.
fKrorn The Tribun? C'orre?pondent. ]
s? Petsrsburg, April 21 Ruasis fe
gratified that during th? last few ye
her entire army has been roOlgSnlBSd.
armed and reclothed, and also that a n
navy Is In course of const rui-tIon. T
Situation is particularly phasing to
government of the Uttls White l-'ath
now that the Gorman qn stmn is so neu
The fact that another taojSOS a en is to
Sdded to the army is proof enough
Itself of the awe and trepidation in w li
Germany Is held.
A ?state of the utmost demorall7.ati
prevailed after the disastrous war in t
Far K?st, coupled with the revoluti?
The army was in the worst shap?- pi
tima However, about 1908. the govei
ment, feellnK Itself St last secure, t
Kan seriously to tackle the problem
military and naval reorganisation. T
liounia permitted the appropriation
U'.^.OOO.OOO for trie army and Jl?.l?""'.'"' I
the navy, with a non-recurring extent
ture on both servtosfl of more than ?7i
000,000. The total expenditure on nation
ICS thus amount, d in that year
Budgets Growing, Too.
Since then th?? two budgets have he
1 steadily growing, snd th.? aggregate f
the present y< ir is *.-.?: <:>,,..,,, <.f -*-hl<
nearly i*s?ABBB,etB is devoted to the arm
I OOO.OM to th? navy, wiii'.? | -?? ?
rated us non-recurring espsmHtui
Comparing these figures with the t.,t
I national expenditure of Russia, -we m
that between IM sad MM the proporttc
of military and naval expenditure h;
r:?en from 2". 1 to :;, 7 p-r cent It Is I
iv? II to bear U min I thai this ex] ?
does not Include tha eonstru?Hlon i
strategic rallwsys, which rbachsB ever
?rar a vry hinh figura Evi n so. the a?
gr. L-ai" amouat si?nt h>- Ruasia In tr
- of th? lai ? rears on her arm
and navy Is no less than IMaAtM
Until my th.? strength of tho Russia
army on a reare f.,ofl'.i* amounted t
K'\>0 men of all aims. Tn the fall c
that year the last annual eontlncent wri
not permitted to ?o home., and 4>A00O me
were a?lded at one blow to the peac
Btrotlgth of the army, making a total ?i
more than IJ. '? n I be BWU
that although no fewer than 1 :'??.'?;
ti.'-n prosenl thi msalves annuaii
for medl?*Q? military examination, onl
ni out ?C?:.'"Xi are sctually enrolled A
prossnt, therefore the active army 1
time of peace contains no fewer thai
three anni-'al cor tingen!?-- If Itiissla, a
has now been practically decided, shoul?
add another ?JCO.OOO men to thn?e .- ? r- ?. : n r
with the ?olors, it wp| mean the ralslni
of the annual eontlngent ly soma IfaXSJ
Concentrated in the West.
The arm? has hitherto BOSS oiganir.?'
in thlrt.v-f-.veti army carps, "f WfcMt
thirty have been BtattOOSd in BUTOpcai
Russia A Russian army corps consist!
of two dlvis!o:..s. er" h division being mad?
up of two brigades >?f two reniments, <u
right battalions sash! in addition, tc eaih
division is. attai bed one brigaele of artil?
lery of six battlrtSO, and a certain num?
ber of t'ofs.K-k?. BllglllSSlg Ote.
It Is not quite clear yet whether th#
n. w adtlltion to the army will be utilized
for the creation of new army OSfpa
or for the strengthening of existing one?.
There is reason t?> BBS .me that at least
four BOW army OS* ps will be cr?ai- I. of
the usual Ogbtlag streii^ih of ?>.<m men
tub. and the remainder will be used foi
streiirithenlng the existing units. If so
?i? least three of the new army corrs
-rill le stationed in Kuropean I: HM:.?,
bringing up the total BUostgth of the
Srmy In this mo;- '.t portion ?.f
ir-.- renptre to tbn-tjr-thr? a
i?ut more i - ? : than the n ??
marl Si strength Is the location of the
> army. < ?n the last day of last
year, out of the thirty > "rps stationed in
an Russia, one was in Finland,
three were in the i.'a-j cas us. wlii!? nine
were In l'oland and Lithuania, that Is to
???ay. on the Prussian frontier, and five In
th.- southwest on th? Austrian frontier.
The remaining twelve were distributed
IS the interior of P.ussla at etragetic
points, ?onneiteii b railways wltn in.?
tWS latter from iris
If three more arm? coip.? were now to
be crratfd. it IB expected that one will
be rtatloned at Vllna. with it? front tow?
ard Prussia: another will be located at
Odessa, with Its front toward Austria,
and the third will be plaeed at Kieff.
which has at prese.it three army corpa, tu
BERLIN IS HOST
TO YANKEE HOS'
Hotel Men's Associati
Well Entertained in
?MISS ONEIL TO SING
IN BERLIN OPEF
American Kxodus Begins a
Many Rett*rn*to Homes
'- ? gsia ia -,,, Trttvjri, ,
BsrUn, Ma?- s The Hotel Men's Mut
M. petit SBSOrtSUaa had a splendid ti
It, Basils this week Their reception h
surpassed an-tiling so far The mun
Pal authorities received the visitors
the Berlin Town Hall, an honor seid
bestow-*! on any fer siga association.
The r lists S of the festivities was
great dinner by Lo**ena Adlon, mana.
of the Adlon. Ambassador James
i?erard prsBSJBd, sitting beside M
'?er..!.; SpeechS8 were made by :
Osrsrd and Edwsri Tlsrajr, president
On Thursday the afsort-itlon went
I I ?res.I. ii. and will visit Muni-h, Vier
and Paris lefore embarking f..r B
logue "n the steamer New Amsterdam
By ipsdsl request of Consul ?'.er.e
'?affne.--. "Butterfty will le staged by i
III s eh Royal Opera st the Homot He
by th? proprietors. An American g
Mariella ?'raft, will slug the title ro!?
Josei StranS?J. ooadaetor of the N
Tork Philharmonic Orchestra, Will renn
at the Hotel Ksptanade. with Mr-- ftn
Sky, a fortnight prior to their Bat U
\l?it for a rest eure. Their villa is
?tarabergerses, on the shores of "[?ov?
T?i-." the one in which mad King I.udv
was drown?-d. Mr. Stiansky will make
visit te. Prsg ie to see his parents. Tt
I?elf?-ls, manager e.f the orchestra, w
arrive.] |n Berlin with Mr. Ptra? ?k?-. 1
on Thursday f..r a tour e.f S.iuthern 1?
manv, Switzerland and Italy.
Ethel Virgin ON.-ll. th? latest you
American singer to ?any off ?>n-? <?f t
European aparatta prises, has secured
engagement for her dramatic sopra
, debut In the Lucerne Munlchal Op*
Mr.?. C, A. Cox?, of fhleago. arrived
Merlin f??r the summer with lier son f:
? vin S COXa, who la st.ni;. Ing for gra
Opera In p- nin.
Mis* Acnes Kerr of New York, w
tak-s n leading p.itt In the social life
the Merlin American ?olony, will sa'l :
the United States to-day. American f
cial functions now are practically o?
for the season and the exodus of perm
? nent residents already has bepun M
< Cerard now Is receiving regularly, (
Americans, th? first Thursday of ea
month and entertained a hundred gue?
The Women's Berlin-American Chur
formulated at a meeting a project llnkli
the United States Institution with t
American churchOB her and with SVS
i state In the union sending students
??ermany to promote personal Interest
the welfare and development of the Her)
organizations. Associate members of tl
Womtn'a UnkM of the Berlin church w
represent the church In America, -i-ft
leaving Berlin, making this work am,'"
Students run! Its nee?ds more widely know
I and winning new associate mehers whe
r ? ? possible
il <>. Havemeyer. of New Vnrk, arnv<
at tha Ksplanade by motor car fro
Dresden, Bnd Will go from Berlin *.
l-'rarikfoit to ?'assel and ?'ologtie
SmsrlfSna arriving from New York ar
stopping at the Adlon Include J. Arc
Mears, Mr and Mrs. John H. Wein. Mi
Marie BIOS, Mr and Mrs. J. <1. W, Kai!
i and J. H !.<??? Is
? At the Ksplanade, E. B Wells, Mr an
Mrs. Robert RaiS, Mr.? E Pittman, H. .'
C. Barbar, I.oomis H, Taylor and Mort
i nier !.. S-hlff.
?1rs I. S L> la and IliSB Maigaret Hat
Of New- \ ork. are spending a fe
ela\s In Berlin before pl"i-eedi|lg to Lot
Ilsrahall Uinghorne, of th? l'nite
Bti ?. i diplomatic ser? Ice at The HagUi
Will pay 'i Bylng ??sit to his hrotliei
Mater L.-inghoi ne. In Berlin, returnin
early In the weak.
NOVEL D.AIMCE IN PARIS
SHOWN BY LOIE FULLEf
Admirable Blending of Fire
Light, Color, Costume, Plas?
tic Pose and Music.
| 11? ?-?.II? re. The rritair.e 1
Parts mgy s ?U| - I?ofs ?TteUsf ?
' at the Theatre elu ?'!? stall t is a brllllantl?
successful achlevem-nt In art, expressinf
the feelings of music, by the aid of th?
thvthmical motion of young girl dam-en
it. harmony not only with the music hui
with a ?umpositlon of colored lights tha'
wrap the darners by rapid '-nlT trans
formations prododng rattraly novel ef?
fects. It Is a blending of fire. light, color,
COStUBM, PlSStk P"St and BBOSlC. Amons
tha I'roductlotis the most applauded ar?
ilrle-r's "Peer0) tit," Princess de PoUgSSC'l
"Arabian Nichts." conducted by herself;
- 'i'hildren'a t orner," Osbrtsl
Paiir?'s "FSStorsl." and "Le beau d'Arti
! ? e " by Yvor ?Straw insky, In which th?
semi-nude purity of the dancers Is bathed
in polorsd tegs of light
The Are whirls of the Catherine wheels,
? the ro'-kets and the spirals are dominated
by the music of Mr. Colonn-'s orcbSBtTS
and cause impressions at once novel and
? a . ?
SUMMER FARCE IN PARIS
"J'Ose Pas" at the Palais Royal
Brimful of Boisterous Fun.
: bj cat ? -.. Tha Tr? um |
Paris. May B -- "Jh.?; Pas" ('TflB
Ana.d to Da 'i">. a three eei fair-, by
- Heir, produced this ?eek at the
Palal* Boyal, ?s a wildly improbable *o
c;al skit, biimful of boisterous fun and
brink action At the same time it is a
ferocious satire on French judges, law
.?,d criminal ptoceeluie
It was enthu&lastieally applauded by a
bi-llllant gathering of tirst-nlghitra. being
played with kit irksMs energy and raci?
nes? by the perennially young Mile, (aa
slve, Ml'e. Uenouardt and l_gallo ?',- r
BBSla, of 'he st k OOBSgSay of the Palais
Tbc.S on tue eicessiie tim?
idity 6*f a nuii' t, tiottninating in ? -r
before three .iud_e?*. L'tioxpt-ctedl? t'e
! chief BBSgtStrStS'a eMS iwho Is ?ISO a
barrister? defends the timid *V****** ?no.
to avoid compromi*ini,' hsr. allow? him
self to be arrested and tried as a burs'?"'
-j Pss" is a capital summer season
German Actor, 17 Years Old,
Prepared in U. S. for Star Roles
Josef Schildkraut, Engaged by
Max Reinhardt for 'The
irmm Th? Tribune <'->rra?pon?l?nt.]
Berlin. April 30. - From a raw beginner
in a New York school of acting to a star
a? tor at Professor Max Reinhardt?
fam?)us Kamincrsplel Theatre In Berlin in
& period of two ?cats I? the rather ex?
traordin?r-.- achievement of Josef Scnild
kraut, the seventeen-year-old son of Ger?
man?, s greatest character airtor, Uodolf
Schildkraut. About two and a half years
ago the Schildkraut? left Berllj, for
Am?rica, where the ehler was under en?
gagement to appear In his various ?-ell
Al that time young Josef could not
sp'jak on?j word of Knglish He Jo?*t no
time, however. In starting to learn. Tne
week following h's arrival in New York
found him attending a public S'hool as a
primary department pupil, sitting among
lad* just half hi? age. He also began
ImnuMiately taking private lessors In
Kngllrh. In ?irder to acquire a speaking
knowledge of th* languag-r as rapidly
s?, possible. In about three months his
pronunciation was, so good and his aTabSW?
l?dge of the language so perfect ?hat.
without any hesitation, he was accepted
a? a pup.I at the Sargent S?-ho"i or
Not man'' months lst?r he s?cur?d his
BTti professional engagement In 'Po
nr-'r-li-r Walk,'- an?l later appeared In
Vi ?? fork and elsewhere In America .il
various playa The tacen! si
of the ehler S<-hil?lkratit at Reinhardts
Kammeropiei ?n Berlin, while a theatrical
event of importance Itself, ems for Schild?
kraul mereh a return to the scene Of his
fnrtn-r triumph?. With yo rng Josef.
however, hi? ?lehnt in Berlin ?-t, Is a
certain ? (tent, a turning point in his
career, sipi-e up t?> this time he had never
placed a role in his native language.
BpBaking with The Tribune correspond?
ent recently, young Bcbtldsrraat mimitted
that he had returned to Germany from
America with a rather heavy heart, and
With a feeling that, to a certain extent,
he would have to begin all over again
snd in a language other than that In
which he had been accustomed to play.
"Naturally. I wa? proud of the fact
that, in Bitte sf rny youth and compara?
tively brief experience on the stage, Pro
fevsor Reinhardt gave me the leading
role In 'Der Verlorne ?Ohn' (The Prodi?
gal Pon'l for my first sppsanUWB in Ger
maay But I have SJnertcs to thank for
that Good as the dramatic training Is
that one gets In Germany, I am hone?t
BIM gh tS say that there were innumer?
able things which I learned during my
Stay In America which are not taught
over here, or, at all events, les* thor
"When I first came Is Professor Rein?
hardt, just aft<r our return to Berlin a
few mouths ago, I was not at all certain
that ho weiuld ?ike ni? work nt all. i
recited one or two things for him, and
at his s..^gestion ?Il?l one or t?vo other
things, the result of which was thai I
was engaged for five years, the only
stipulation being that I am trot to ap?
pear any where on the Qennan stnse ex?
cept under Belnhardt's direction."
Young Schildkraut expressed himself
enthusiastically about American players
and stage productions. Mrs Eisk> . Ja
DrSSf, John Barrymore, Otis Skinner
?whom he declared he had seen eighte- n
times In "Kismet") and David v.
were each warmly and sincer?is- praise 1
In turn. On the other hand he thought
that the finest ach?vement of the
American theatrical wizard, Belaaco, WSS
surpassed b> Belnhanlt's marvellous pio
du? ti"ti of "A Midsummer Night s
i u earn."
PRONE TO SUICIDE
Take Serious View of Failing to
Pass School or College
Berlin, April M -The recent examina?
tions at the Cern?an school? were again,
is each year, accompanied by numerous
instances of bo>i killing themselves,
either through fear that they would not
pas* or because of mortification at fail?
ure. On a single day three suicides of
student?, all less than eighteen years
old, were repente,), nul the b?>dy of one
who had drowned himself some d.vs
earlier was recovered. These instances
Wars In greater Berlin alone
One of the boya threw himself !n front
of a train be. ause ha had not been pro?
moted to a higher class. A suicide by
drowning wus that of a ses ent-en-yeai
old boy who was shortly to tiv the ex?
amination entitling him to discharge his
military duties with one yearn service.
According to his teachers, there tras no
doubt that he would hase pas.-el, as he
WM unusually capable and intelligent.
The fixed bureaucratic scheme of life
for the average ?ierman. while not et
, plaining such suicides, throws some light
' "ti the youths actions. Eailure to Im
graduated from school Is a very serious
thing. To become a "beamter"--that Is, '
S public oftlilal Is the goal of a great
percentage of young Ceimuns. for tha
official enjoya many prl? ?leges not grant?
ed to the non-offlclal QeraaSB? He ha? a
cartels tenure, a retlilng pension and
other material advantages, nid enjoys
espacial protection under the law of In?
sults, it h?dng a much graver ? rime to
insult an oftlilal than a private citizen.
But for those who ha?e falle 1 In their
school work there Is no chance to be?
come BtBta officials. Even In private life
ti?" find it almost impossible to secuie
responsible r<s:tion3 with mereantil?,
trat?, aial they are, of course, debarred
from entering the learned prof? ssiorui. It
is not altogether strange ?bat the (Ver?
tir?n youth Is I .?posed to take a grave
\!ew of his failure.
It Is not <-nly student? in trie *? hools
who kill themselves before or after ex
: amlnstlona A man of twenty-two, who
, had been studying legal prt>cedure, reached
the |,.,nt where he was to take hla ex?
amination fur advancement to ?'ourt clerk
He repeatedly told his fi'-rls that h
? sois he should not pass the exam?
ination. The night before the examina?
tion he threw himself from the window
of hla thl?-d jtory room and was ettiabad
Madrid Editor Wounded in the
Head in Sabre Duel- King
, H?- ''al i? !" Th* Ml ?
Madrid. Mas 9 A -?. r- duel w hi h
took place this week between (iene.al
Birguete and t?efior Alexander Ber, editor
of a Madrid newspaper, will probably be
brought up at next Monday's tutting of
the Cortes, as King Alfonso Is said to be
disturbed end irritated by the incident.
The general recently wrote an article
casting aspersions on the son of Sef.or
Maura, the former Premier The editor,
In behalf of ?oing Maura, crltlels- ! lha
general In a. MWSPSPSI urn >. BSytrag the
officer hud no busin???; IS 8888)08 with
s while on a. Use I'n
I :.- se?era! at on'* sent his second* to
Seftor Ber. and the duel took place In a
suburb of the capital- After s short but
?avaga ?.onfll??? tue Journalist received a
wound in U.e bead nearly eevea lachea
DR. ANNA H. SHAW
American Suffragists and Others
of International Council at
Palace in Rome.
Rome, ?fay !?-At fvday's meeting of
the quinquennial sessions of the Interna?
tional Council of Women nil the reports
presented were approved hv the delegates.
.Miss 8ac!ie America, of Chicago, an?
nounced that a telegram liad been s?-nt to
the women of Mexico asking them to
work with their American sisters for
The Rev. Anna Howard Shaw, of New
York, delivered an address, In win? h she
showed the gain? m?iie by Woman suf?
frage during the last five yrars. I >r. Shaw
enumerated the successes obtained by
women throughout the world, beginning
with Kngland in lfO.?. when WSmos be?
came eligible for all munldPSl positions,
and ending by citing the Ameriian states
which up to the present have granted fall
suffrage to worn? n
The ? remark that ' ? .ffrag?
moves fast-- snd over s larger apa
tha earth than say oti,?--r subject In the
same p.tlod of time" was greatly ap
plSUdSd by the delegate.?.
The Queen of Italy this afternoon re?
ceived the members of the executive ?-om
rplttee Of the International Council of
Women. They were headed by the
lountees of Aberdeen and included Mi?
May Wright .-".-wall. Of Eliot, Me., and
Dr. Anna Shaw. Her majesty greeted the
women with er. a cordiality. She spoke
to BfaCh of them an?l gSKUSeod >?:!h thor?
ough understanding many sub? tl
'.ally those concerning hempltala educa?
'run and the bringing up of Children |q
ii? \arious countries she afterward In?
v.ted the women to tea at the Qulrlnal.
STERILIZED FOOD BEST
French Doctor Proves Microbes
Not Necessary to Life.
Paris, May ?. We ?-.m n?? without ml?
? oboe, according to I t Michel Colemdy,
of th? Pastswr Institute. Pans. Dr. >'"
lendy related refore the Kren' h A ademy
if Ideoces this week s number of aa*
periments on guinea piK? Which he con
tenda disprove the popular thoor) that a
mai! WOUld die if f?*d only on s'erlllzed
Dl ?'elend ? fed his guinea pigs f-o.ni
birth on food completely microbe free and
living In steril.zed class boxes. Into wbJeh
he ailow-.-d to Biter only stet :
At the end of the test period the ??
were ?oi^lderably more healthy than an?
other set living a common or garden ml?
The sterilized guinea r-f" r. ports Dr.
t'olendy. augmented in weight during tue
period of observation from 20 to ?i per
cent, while the others laCTOSSSd only
from S to 24 per cent.
AMERICANS IN DRESDEN
. ?den. April II hsaaaaj the man?*
an? now at the Hot.-! Belle?, ue.
. ar- Mr- ? 'alnerilie Shan:. ? Mr
anl His, John Klnney. Miss Dorothy
Smith, Mrs. Kmily (.".mton and Miss
Margery Clinton. Mr. and Mrs Albert
Swift, Mr and Mr*. William llmann. Mrs.
Mesmore Kendall. Miss Elizabeth Thei
berg, Miss Florence Braco,, Mr ai;d Mi?
WIlllS IBB. Mrs. Harriett DSWSOSJ, Mrs
?.? . .. . :? road Julius Dreyfus. John
DavtS BBd Mr.? Aim? Walker, all of IfM
York, and ttbt*asa V""n-, of nUadel-ehts
Thl? week's arrivals ln?lu?ie <"arl ?on
He-yge-ndorft kfi sad lira Von Wsgenea,
Miss Van Wagenen. Mr ?.nd Mrs Sidney
Goldstein. John Hegermann, Mrs Albert
Gilbert. Mr. and Mr? Robert Reld. Mrs.
Straum and family, all of New York, and
Gcorga Ptobbin?. Phinipp? Rabber and
ITALY TO SURPRISE
ALL AT EXPOSITION
Plans for Panama Fair
Exhibit Outlined by Ex
Mayor of Rome.
SEEK TO SHOW LEAD
IN MANY PRODUCTS
Official Visit Soon Will Be Made
to San Francisco to View
[By CaM? t? Th? Tribun?.]
" Rome. May 9?Ex-Mayor Nathan, the
Italian commissioner for the Panama Ex?
position, gave The Tribune to-day an out?
line of the plana for his coming vlalt to
America and the Italian exhlblta to be
shown at San Francisco.
A? everything Is er ranged now Ne
ttveen the governments for the Italian
participation In the exposition T am *'
liberty to talk. On May 1? I wil?. leave
Italy and will arrive in New York on
"I will irr.medla'e.'y go to Washington
and pay my respects to President Wilson
and Mr. Bryan. Remaining In WashIng
ton but a dav or two I will hurry to S-_i
Francisco and take over officially the
area allotted to Italy Then I shall ar?
range for building.
"Plans for the buildings have been
drawn by Mar ello Placentint. a Roma ?
Srchltset He Is th- Inest o' his craft In
Bom., and perhaps Italy, and is one of
t??.? ?sorkir-.g on a great Steine of Victor
The Italian exhibits committee have
been r.veiwhelmed with applications from
manufacturers and many Italian Indus?
trial exhibits will be scattered throughout
the exhibition In various industrial pa?
for the official exhibit it 11 not pro?
posed to emphasize any other products
where we are not tha world's leader*
The machinery exhibit is noteworthy, for
tha Italian electric machinery Is famou?
throughout the world and our engines ar?
exported to all corners of the globe.
"We produce a certain amount of wire
and other produce that might all claea a_
provisions. Dur ?otton mariu'acturea ala-?
are rery sxtsastv% and so far the whole
output ?>f our cotton factories ate export?
ed to London, but we hope through the
Panama Exposition to get a share of the
American trade. W? also ha?e hemp,
svhlch I think Is worth while aeeing. aiiTl
hope to show something In the line of In?
"In fine arts there are two exhibition*
now In progress la Home, from Which we
think a veiy good selection ?-an be mad-,
but we will not send a single, old master
to San Francisco. Contemporary art only
will b? our offering, and we think we
should be able to hold our own in that
Mr Nathan expects to return to Rome
within six weeks. Later tn the year he.
will transfer his headuuarters to San
Francisco?and supervisa the organization
and disposition of exhlblta coming from
TWO ARMY AIRMEN KILLED
German Lieutenants in Landing
Smash at Stettin.
Stettin. OermBay, May I -Lieutenants
?Fsbas and Kurt*', of the ?rerrnan a*-m?.
were killed to-day while attempting to
make a landing here with their aeroplan
While on a flight from Schwerin to I' ^?
Tha BCOldeat apparently svas brought
about by the pilot turning the machin? too
EUROPE TO HAVE
Recent Jewel Thefts Show That
International Co-operation Is
More than Ever Essential.
(By Cabla IS Th? Tribun* ]
Tans May f? -The extreme cunning of
the modern thief Is shown In many recent
important jewel and other robberlea,
BOCably Is the case of a pearl necklace
stolen on the mi" from Paris to London
:-. ?er.t!?. The BurOPaSfl police are at last
.Housed to a realisation of the fa? ? that a
real system of iatemetieaal ce-eseratiea
a) lot - itsbUshsd 88
fora aay successful tight can ba waged
a-'.?n.st the highly organized band* of In
tsrnational thieves which are now ?nrest.
mg the European -apil?is With this e-id
in view the pole e ?l-legatea of the va?
rious lluropean countries met recently
in Mensos anel appointed a commission to
sit In Paris which will elaborate a* a first
step to a uniform method of classifying
?nls of fingerprints and other meas?
ures "f criminal idem,'lra'.ioii to be used
in all > ouatrtaa
Thus S) a simph BaehS?SB of re.'ords
a description of all tne crim?nala of one
country will te la tne hawis of the poUoa
of all the others The ? omriilsslon will
also fix upon an International police lan?
guage so that descriptions of criminals b
B system of byrogllphlca will be rssisbts
by tha BsMca of other countries.
?? ? -
ZOO IN PANIC OVER JAW
Crocodile Comes to Grief Biting
fHv Cab?? to Tb* Tribun?;
B-rliii, May 9 -Walling and gnashing
Sf test** was heard in the Frankfort _??;.
the other day. when the moat pre? lou?
Qaasjstts ?rocodile broke tta taws on tha
rooks in tha pool.
Vetertaartaas triad their best is assag
the brok. n jaw. but f??und H impotblble
MaJ"i Mar. a militai y Sector, remo? ed
th? bone and replaced the fractured jaw
by one made ?*f aluminum.
Queen Finds Fashions Repulsive
Vienna, April 2?-?tjueen Carmen Sylva
has eetit to a local newipaper Iver ideas
of the prevailing fashiona sa follows
T find ?very fashion repulsive, pr*
?-neis becauie it !s known bv e\er? r-<vi
*?*>..man Is a mo*t mysterious crestur?.
She ought always to remain m? ater-.ou?.
hot t)ody < oncealed and her heart i los I
flhe ought to open for her children only
the treesurse of maternal tenderness
In the street shs should be ss bumble
as possible. At home she should be neb! ?
snd full of dignity, so that her childrea