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?soars? *.*?i? tom.rn To-n\T| |n
l'IRTI v ?l??ll?V t?? >tr>nR?>w.
UtgSt, SA. Inw. M
Full rrxMtrt ne Tege 4V
1 XXIV....No. 24,749.
I? oprrltl??. ISM.
B? 11.? Itll.nnr X...N Dllon )
NEW VORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST
|>HI( E ONE CENT
?f Vf? \ nek. Newark, .tercet ?Ht _n<l Hctv-.k?.?,
BLMWMBW 1HII iixr?
GERMANS HURL BACK
AS GREAT STRUGGLE
BELGIUM TO BE (
FOE ON BRUSSELS
OF NA TIONS BEGINS;
)NE VAST BATTLEFIELD
POPE DIES IN VATICAN
ASKING PRAYERS OF
Pius X Succumbs to Bronchial Attack as
Rome's Populace Kneels in Appeals
for His Preservation.
\R GRIEF PAVED WAY FOR DISEASE
?SS After Sinking Spell, in W hich Last Rites Were
Administered. Causing False Report of Death
?Church Bells Toll News.
Rome. Au*. 20 i2:20 A. M.)?The Pope died at 1:20
>ck this morning while thousands kneeling in the churches and
before the altars in their homes were praying that he would be
?pared. Thousands more were congregated in St. Peter's Square,
anxiously awaiting news from the Vatican.
The church bells were tolling constantly, calling their parish?
ioners to prayer.
Following the relapse which almost ended fatally in the af
?? 'noon, the Pontiff .esponded for a time to the efforts of his
*?cians to bring him through the crisis.
His condition improved with the administration of oxygen,
hut signs of suffocation and diffuse bronchial inflammation were
dill evident. His temperature reached 103, with the pulse weak
and intermittent. The chief fear was that another seizure of suf
fo?^ation would mean the end.
Grief over the war in Europe caused the Pope much de?
pression from the first outbreak, and several days ago symptoms
appeared of the old bronchial affection from which the Pontiff
had suffered in times past.
On Tuesday Dr. Marchiafava announced that the Pope was
suffering from a simple cold and that possibly complete rest for a
week would restore him to his usual health. The bronchial con?
dition, however, spread, and on Wednesday it was announced that
the Pope's condition was serious.
Dr Amici said that the Pope's practice of living in heated
rooms and breathing vitiated atmosphere, due to large assemblages
ip the Papal apartments, was against him, and he added that the
people would now understand why the attending physicians were
strone'v opposed to the resumption by the Pope of collective audi?
At times during the day the Pope had much difficulty in
breathing. He suffered much from headache and inability to rid
himself of the accumulation in the lungs. Stimulants were in*
jected and oxygen administered. Several times the Pontiff re- .
d and seemed much better. He would then speak to those
about him and insist that his desires be executed.
Throughout the day Doctors Marchiafava and Amici de?
moted their utmost energies to stimulating their patient end keep
rum alive. The Cardinals were notified of the Pope's condi
? and some of them who entered the sickroom describe the
ssive and heartrending scenes, especially when the Pontiff,
rousing himself from time to time, spoke. Once he said: "In
M nt times the Pope by a word might have stayed the slaughter,
but now he is impotent."
The sisters of the Pope and his niece were overcome with
grisi. Cardinal Merry del Val knelt by the side of his bed, where
?.iber Cardinals joined him, the members of the household inton
The dying Pope, in a moment of lucidity, said: "Now I
begin to think as the end is approaching that the Almighty in His
inexhaustible goodness wishes to spare me the horrors Europe is
In one of these intervals he asked for Monsignor Rosa, who
waxs recently appointed secretary of the Consistory Congregation.
Monsignor Rosa had been an intimate friend of the Pope since the
Pontiff was Bishop of T revise
As soon as he was notified he rushed to the Vatican and was
immediately admitted to the apartment where the Pope was lying.
Monsignor Rosa remained with the Pope and the incident was
? ..?tinu'.l >,n |?s? "? -?Iitnm
?HIS MORNING'S NEWS.
I H! H ROPEAN a UL
: n I
? - ? 1
?* ' ??...?..11
?Jan** Sucfunib te Hra* ??
????r h 8'rani* AtUck 12
B I"?""! ? ? .1
MIX III AM Ol |
? g and x?. ?atlicr . 1
?i of I.
? ?.! . ?-.
Real Eatutt 10
Fe).ce, Fui? Dip*? 10
Court ?"alendara . 11 I
Financial . 11
POPE PIUS X.
ALSACE FhGHT IMMINENI
Skirmishes Near Altkirch
Which Fiench Now Occupy.
l>?*lmont. Switzerland, Aug I0. Thi
???und of gun fir?
tal ? ? ear >
?? 'a hatiie l.arp?
boriw- of t? b
held tli?. ;
?o i.o'i! the trui .
? ?xhen the
thHt a x?" ? r.to a
. . . .
gh tl m of
BUSY ON ITALIAN FRONTIER
Austria Both Mobilizing There
a, which hitheii
bj the mil.t;?ry au
nt Rixa hnve boei eave that
pli ? r he
? ?'y, archives, etc.. iiaxe been
transp? ? ?? M " ? le? ' num
h?>r al hrf ? ling augmented
? ? ?
?te the ?toe
IN WAKE OF WAR
Median .Militan Authorities I
\iiva Doing Their utmost t?i
\\crl the Danger.
Hx \ M08TEI N
"l ?TH |
.. I dan), Aug. l?
? ?> author! ?
, . ? ? . urm.x
'n xvhich Ihr men are ?tretch??.! ,.ut.
bealthjf ami ?n in gued
of watting and anx
*ace the e- em y again.
'Toxvder :? more intoxicating than '
Belgian beer," taid one of them to me I
FRENCH IN LORRAINE '.
Troops in Rapid Advance Reach Morliange, Which Is
Nineteen Miles Away?Progress Continues in
Upper Alsace?Germans Retake Ville.
Pari * i ??
. the rftcrt thai I I
? ? ? . f-Lor rail
-. ei J 'apiii in the ..'??
Veille, especially the part
tide, and Mot ng<
7 lie rr il a little ? halite in the ?*itua- -
Vi gei Ihr Gerrnani have retaken th?
? - had an fiutp"!>t < 'i:r tr tig on the S?
epublic l rig fact
to the ?tt
Austrian Fleet Preparing
to Come Out Into the Open
' . - an
army corps in th? army. liV Montenegi
? ? ? Hearing Rat
Germany Offered Same Pledge
to Both Greece and Turkey
B ? - '
A-.ier.tx, Aug. 10 It tl learr.el fr .m
ai. authoritative diplomatic ?ource that
offer? made hi Germany to Greece to
induce the la'ter to throw her lot with
the Dual Alliance included a rrony.ie
of Servian Macedonia and a guarantee
of Greek poateition of ail the ?gean
riicM r ? :
r...-: b] ** * ' ?"??*? | aran.
raun* i I tract* - * I gal
hu their rajeetian ?aa aimp'ifled t?y
th* dueovery. made ihrouph a foreign
trr.baiiy at Conattntinople. that Ger?
many *?a? iimultaneouily offering the
Turka '.ha .C-ft-an Iilandi and alai Sa?
WILL HISTORY REPEAT
OR REVERSE THE
WAR OF 1870?
\i,gu?i 19. I^TO?f.ermann bombard?
ed Strasburg: I renrh army
of ihe Hhine retreated.
\ugust !9, 1911?r renrh orcupied
??arrcbourg: German* retreat?
ed to Strasburg.
MAY SHOOT HOSTAGES
Austria Warns King Nicholas
Not to Attack.
tua II \ ' patch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
Rome jreat? ? meaaag? from
array Is a
Ragusa, s? fortified leaoorl of A
. ? .-? ?
number of proa nenl >? rx:ai. ..mi
? negrins hel'i at ?Saga
A moni: thr he
un< Ivo Vopiovic, h
FOE AT NAMUR
Allied Forces, in Big Semi?
circle. Prepare to Close
In on Invaders.
SI d, ?Aug. 19. According to a
pondenl xxno ha? just reached
th? I ?? ? . : srtn
. detraining 01
? re concealed under
From aviators by
day, i ? ! with helmets and
marked Bpahia bad a
warm welcome, and even a low cheer
from the Mien? crowds that washed
from i ? ? poini Ilka ?he re
In ? ? d and
took coffee mi the square, to speed off
in motors latei ? There
even a little music and singing in
the hotels, for the tension is ?
over. The Belgians know that their
anxious, loi most ended
The rest they I good com?
The attempt to craw the Germans
no) ineeeeded, there
they have been allowed a gap on
'lie north to past into ?the trap. They
have got a ?? mbloux Mean?
while the armies have been taking a
ID 'a-' semi-circles from
. by Quatre
did lield ?1
?lie invader.?' strength.
?> rday the long line of troop
drawn gradualh An
.-'ment t??ok pluce near Gembloux.
The ?Uhlani were hunted back, the
epushing the eeQermani back under the
great d along the northern
line. The ?
hill.- ring troop?-,
column:? of ecavalry end light guns
moving into position like long snakes
, an extra? ?
among the w oeda and ? n ?
ii IBeei xxarned na in a lane on
I hill." the rorre.-poi....
*"Wi.te said 'Wi have rev
em hour There ?vas
; Nothing was to be seen. The
i denly on th?> opposite ?id<
- . ? ?! out of a
e few shots
I >? next in?
muskel Thr.. and ;?
man fell from his
through the stubble.
: I few par.
At Ml. ? ? giment af?
ter regiment of French eavalrj ? :
throng reel Their he i
xx-i re . ^re? linen,
l lin? trtillery, then
? ut on
? ? .
ere a ? .-?igl?
-.<-. h.'tor* The ?Belgian ?,r.?i the peo
confident that the ife?ue cannot long be
RUSSIANS WIN FIGHTS
Rept?SC Austrian Attacks o a
the Towr of Vladimir.
? mir, m ti ? ? ? Vf?
> taita he*\ y Ansti
I division . i.r.d ?thirty?
? "is a rom
? ml -
Ku'm ? "gaged th?
h tad until ? o'clock in theevfn
ing. the Auatnans were beaten back
| with heavy catua'.nei The Ruasian I
i caiusities were smell."
GERMANS DRIVE FOE
BACK UPON BR?SSELS;
Fight Begins From Diest to Namur, Includ?
ing Waterloo?Belgian Cavalry Forced
to Retire at Centre.
EXTREME FRENCH LEFT IS STRUCK
Reported Engagement Taken to Indicate Enveloping
Movement by Kaiser's Right?Allies Advancing
Steadily in Neighborhood of Gembloux.
Br?ssel?, Aug. 19.?It was th? turn of th? German? to-day
to move forward upon the enemy in considerable force. They
appeared at several points on the allies' front and pressed on in
overwhelming numbers. The allies gave ground slowly, evacu?
ating the advanced positions which had been occupied as a result
of yesterday's great cavalry drive.
The Germans fired several shells into Tirlemont without
doing any damage, and the allies, now narrowed in tie extent of
their lines, occupied a new defensive position close to the capital.
The next move by the invader is eagerly awaited.
Louvain is occupied. The allies are now faced by a large
army, and the next twenty-four hours should witness important
An engagement is reported to have taken place in Northern
Limbourg. The armies in that district compose the extreme French
left and the German right.
The Belgians and French are now in close junction and in
contact with the advance lines of the German array.
Present indications are that the rival forces will face each
other on ground extending in a great semi-circle from Diest to
Namur, curving by way of Quatre-Bras and Wavre close to the
historic field of Waterloo.
When the Germans showed signs of pushing forward against
the Belgian centre yesterday, the cavalry division and the cyclists'
corps, which have been holding the Germans' advance in check,
fell back upon the main force.
Refugees from Diest, Tirlemont and other towns in that
section of Belgium, who fled as the Germans approached, are
coming into Brussels in great numbers. They declare that since
the inhabitants vacated Tirlemont German shells have been drop?
ping into the town and that later the Belgians broke the German
advance at this place at the point of the bayonet.
The German advance posts covering the region between
Gembloux and Jodoigne are being gradually pushed back before
the advance of Belgian and French forces.
The Germans, it is believed, are attempting an enveloping
movement northward, probably aiming to cut off Antwerp and
possibly the railway to Ghent and Ostend also.
London, Aug. 20, 3 A. M.?The advance of German troops
around and above Brussels, and even into what are practically the
suburbs of Antwerp, is indicated in Reuter dispatches from Ant?
werp, which report that German cavalry has been encountered
near Herenthals, fifteen miles east of Antwerp, and also near Turn
hout, twenty-four miles northeast of Antwerp and close to the
A Havas Agency dispatch from Brussels gives an official
communication concerning the present state of the field operations
"After having lost much time and a great number of men, and
besides important war materials," the communication says, "the
Prussian right wing has succeeded in gaining on both banks of the
Meuse the ground to bring them into contact with the allies' armies.
"The German troops on the north side of the Meuse com?
prise sections of different army corps, whose efforts have b??n di?
rected toward the capture of Liege and who are now disengaged.
There also are bodies of cavalry, thanks to which the Germans
have been able to make considerable disturbance and extend
themselves north and south.
"On the south the allied Belgian and French armies have
been able to repulse them, but to the north, on the contrary, they
have had a free field and could penetrate in small bodies far into
"In a word, the Germans have taken a number of our posi?
tions, but heve wasted fifteen days in arriving at this result, which
is greatly to the honor of our army."
Another Brussels dispatch to the Havas Agency says that
according to "Le Peuple," the Germans again attacked Diest on
Wednesday afternoon. They appeared to come back in force
and bombarded the town, whose inhabitants fled in terror. The
German artillery is also reported to have bombarded Tirlemont.
One Havas dispatch from Brussels, sent in very vague form,
leads to the belief that the Germans made a surprise advance
close to the Belgian positions defending Brussels. They encamped
for the night, but a Belgian aviator discovered their position and
revealed it to headquarters in time. Cavalry was hurried forward
The Brussels correspondent of the Exchange Telegraph Com?
"It is becoming practically impossible to get news away from
Brussels, as the censor forbids any information concerning the
movement? of the troops being published. However, it is cer