Vol. I XXIV So, ?4,730.
i? .,|..ri|iM ten,
fir Tlir Trll..in?. \??... I.nli.1. 1
NKW YORK, I
moRini.i pA3M n? Momum.
Migii, *i lam, ', i
i-.iii repeH nn ret* *
RIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1914.
PRK K ONK
(' I.' V" T ,0 ' "y ?*' "?** *? ?**? Itewaffc, Seeosf ? Mj ?ixl Hnefenhen.
Veivt A MJEWHRBI TWO CB?TI
GERMAN CAVALRY SEIZES BRUSSELS;
BELGIAN ARMY WITHDRAWS TO ANTWERP;
FRENCH RECAPTURE MUELHAUSEN
- onscious or Delirious.
He Grieved Over Inabil?
ity to Stop Carnage.
GRIEF KILLS 0\1
OF TWO SISTERS
? onclave to Elect Suc
s**or May Ask L'. S. to
Make Peace Plea.
i \! (ONTO PUSHES
\TO HEATH ROOM
nitc B'>mh Exploded in
in Bearing Cardinal Van
iHitclli to Vatican.
? n. \ii_-. SI.?The death of
U? --?ill he made thr orcasion
??? effort i?i hring ahout
? at H that \?hen thr Conclave
I Home i?i elect a ne? l'ope it
end an appeal t?i the warring
fur pe.u e and -*ill a?K the
iid it in hnnging
\ug. "JO.? I he late Pope ? gite
\nn;i died to-night from ahoclf
? h* the Pontiff'* death.
? that the
..rath blow ?
* breath the only
lipa, whether he
,- ? ? ? c to hear in .
- tri* word con-'
? - Pope, who for
? '.he Ya'.i
? j the
; -eponderating in?
B of a new Pon
, ? , : -? , .1 ?n .*ome
? % a foraiga Pope
rom which to choose
therefore, the beat
I ?.clave can aniel?/
? war, the feeling-;
: to a certain extent, toward
? relations between tin
d the Quinnal.
?il not only thl ?*> c
? '. an Italian Pope, but one who
. . . : ?..,- arable thaa was
The prophet? favoring this
:.mc of An
; or of th?
/ ? ? >ucred Col
? -?,r thoui-h
? a*h to?
ll r Anna. I
'' ' ? ?
? alarming *-ymp
? ? :**.ed as
? ? .-'or the
? pmple of
Aro ?* ered
? .- half c!o*ed and
' "' m s,.ptrnih,.r
I . .
..I went tJ
l ? ?
leotiourU vu yag? 7, to.uiiiu J
FRENCH EXPEL FOE
Regain City .Alter Desperat?-* I ighting, in Which They
Drive Germans at Bayonet's Point. Capturing
Cannon and Ammunition Wagons.
By E. A. BEAMAN.
; Special Correspondent of New York Tribune and "London Standard."}
?'clock the news began to leak out that Muel?
retaken. .?tul nn hon- and I half later Pat i from
the I-- ? ... pying Gebwiltcr the French ad
vanccd upon Muelhausen. talcing 01 I the poinl
put the garrison to flight. Icav -
?- in the hand mphant
rsarii ring the to*? n to be
? ? trx is almost impregnable, and it will I"* inter
'- French ? - achieved The public
? ? tai the feat, which reflects immense crcdil o
the staff which conceived it and I - try of the troops in execueting it
? rate victoi i ?ruinent notices ar:
s-^ber . ? - * excess in r< I ? . ? ? ' ? i the army
of the French, British and Belgian forces.
is announ I lly here to-dai.
was precede?! to-day by a v? - battle, during which
the French troops 1 of the bayonet.
ill ?.? their victor) six Gern u cann m and six
The ? flfi ial not? hal the siti I . tains 1
? Msa?-" the Frei - ? ? ill
: r.ndent say- that tl
-encli frontier was at Cin then there had bee?i
contint . ? . region until a daj i ??. when it ended
forces, \xh'i inflicted .? ?
? nix and is the frontier -
? . rts oi the i reach
f the desperat? n ed an.und
the handful ? ? ttercd along the French border.
I retaken by one side or the other.
.. ? Badon
- ? ?he villa]
"Tr.c vi'.iagc x\as occupied by a battali
Force and was prepared for defence b) numci ei Hie battle
lombarded the * mpelling the
? it. The Ial d on < ?ll?. ?, and after**
Donan R .
' ? ? ?. rmans increased the bombai I the
inhabitants sought refuge in cellar?, as a continuous rain oi shell
wrecking the hot I ng them afire. It was a terrible ? ?
Worn.? ? their knees and prayed, while children C -ly.
"1 i .. ' 'ending ? ? loot b]
feel their fin The sun rose on a village in ruin-.
It had been ander bombardment fifteen hours. When the ?Germans en
tered they I I I on all the window
cellar.- No comer was spared.'
Three hundred Msatians left her?
atue of Joan nd then before the Strassbourg
Monument, in the Place de la i fhe Marseillais? '
- live I ? .?? c
M. Weill, yel another AKati.ni Deputy, who wai dining at the
du Croissant in Pans xxith .1? ? hen the latter xx,?
teere i service at the iront with the French imop.?-.
M. Blumenthal, a former membei ol the Reichstag and ex-Mayor of
Colmar, ha- reached Par:- after an exciting journey. \- Mayoi of I
lie received on July 31 louncing a itate of xxar in
Germany H? had posters pul ?' Imar in a swiff
automobile, although motoring was prohibited, He was first stopped
|.\ a Pi neial, who t<>!?! him tomobiling was
I didi : ? n X-. that I m - inj B lie on business," he
.- .1 him t.. pass
At N'eubreisach he wai stopped again, and h? ic wai a la? ?
going t" Switzerland to s?te a ?lient The most dangero ' p| *e was
.? *e\v yards from the Swiss frontier, where he got past the Cern?an out?
n ishing a bundl? ial papei s.
' ; ? ? from Berlin iUt<
lii ed to convey Austrian :
France to Leopoldiso! ' and that eight Kustrian rcgii
RUSSIA'S QUICK MOVE
FORCES GERMANS BACK
C Zar*f Advance Starts Fortnight Earlier than Expected
and Several Columns Already I lave Crossed the
Frontier and .Assumed the Offensive.
By Cable to The Tribune.|
I'an- Vug. 20 ! n? mira. : orward mov? I
<.i th? K'.i-s-..iii colossus a fortnight n had b en expected. \n
official communiqui issued by the Genen Petersburg
that several ?e?oliimns I ntier and assumed the offensive
the whole line."
In i iia the latest news it thai th? Russiai ? id] have
? .1 I xk. ix-..> \.-: itions, an I
n an dii ision to i
Wh t the R ' '?lied b) diplo
, ... ptflS) . \\ hall poar 400,001
I shall < ontinue
t,, ?j,, s .!.?'.
The most complete harmony and agreement tween th? Briti b,
i reit? Il all'l kllj.-iail stall..
Belgians Have to Retre
from Louvain to Save
Road to Antwerp.
THEY FIGHT ONLY
TO COVER RETRE/
Women and Childn
Flee in Terror from
STORIES OF CRUELT
German Raids Reach River Dy
in Furious Sweep to Sur?
B) I '??? ' ". 1 - ?? ; : :.\,ne |
London, Aag 20, 'The Daily New
Correspondent, telegraphing from Bn
"'Io-day the Germans oeenpied Lo
vain, which till thi< morning arm t
headquarters of the Belgian army. T
morro.?, the;. Bin] be \t Brussels.
"The Aral hint I got of what a?
afoot a-ai on returning from Antwe
early tail afternoon. At the ero?
? roads below the railway line I met
! whole company of Belgian infantr
j with artillery, marching away fro
Louvain. They were moving in perte
i order, and except for dus! the m?
were spick and ypan. The truth wi
' been in h
"Early in the day I had noticed t
enormou number of men loatlcd c
motor car?. ,,,,,] jt. had ?leen whiapen
? il. arai ta he tran
"Immediately on my return "o Bru
I harried out toward Louvan
th many indication*? (
what had happened.
Belgian* light Stubbornly.
"A forte of about tflSS men. oi pel
haps more, had been left in th
trenches to meet the enemy and co\e
the retreat With the?? the (?erman:
advanced by three roads frai
Tirlemont and Hammeville, o
the Eghetee Boad had a r-harp en
counter. Th?* Belgian? fought stub
bornly. By al! account?? ?her lOBM
were far * mailer, a" they ha\e been i
??a -h encounter, thai. ' th* in
"1 hi ' be refugee
that Louvain ha - 9B fire, hu
i that Memi hardly likely. At all event?
from a ?!'?.?? ' ihoat two miles
saw no trace af any burning ?o an;
"At thij point I was ?topped by ai
enormous crowd of refugee?-, flockin;
rlong the Rrussels road, on foot and ir
vehicles, an?! h] Red I tans cars. Th;
sight was pitiful. All these peopli
were leaving th<
to the enemy. By far the greater nutti
ber of the?;-: arare women, with youni
children wh<?.-c futhers were .." th?
front. Some were age?! men nn?;
All ha<l been driven out of villages
near Louvain by fear, begotten of th?
stories, whieh are circulated freely, ol
? German an eitil The-e Stories, m
fact, have ?if lute t???.-ii the on'v HOWS
that has. seemed to be permitted to go
uncensored. It would ha?.?- been far
better if thej had been bine pencilled
with the I
I hlin??' Stor?.
?One woman ??> ith two children told
mc how tli'* Uhlans made their supper
of children if they could not get enough
to rut. and she evidently believed it.
Old men recounted the ancient tale, as
old sa amr itaelf, of h>>w the enemy
ronated people bead down ovei a slow
? r?. and they
car. ?? ' - ''"r a
Germs I leceasf?
? ? rouble, I StOppi d
the cur, gol the gun from him and
broke ;t across the breech. Kor. quite
ibted "ana soldiers will
oho use arm-.
?? ?| ,.. be hoped that the no
t.re in the
bet ii ahoyad Oth
I i ? ?
I Ugh, Bui ' **ry |i?
? ? 'hink the * *.
? . ?-it-at.
"In Antwerp this morning thtre were
hundreds af fugitives near the utation.
loutmut-S ou pate J, coluiua t I
ACTIVE WORK OF AVIATORS
FEATURE OF WAR MOVEMENTS
By Cable to The Tnbunc.|
tug. 20 ' ' man monoplane s 29, oming
lb? din ? lion of Antweq I his mornii
i.. ..i Mostburg. Three out of five I I effect, the engine v.
demolished ,.n?l the machine had t" ?le cend I i?? '.
who was flying thi
AEROPLANES AS MESSAGE CARRIERS.
Lond \ \ plaving the part in war ?? i
formerly only . perform, and they teem to
greatei posi ibiliti? - than
An official notification issued to-night t.. the people of England
requ? ? ? to be watchful for mas ?i from aeroplanes,
describe- the peculiar wrappings which will es and in?
structs thi ely to the addi ?
li aeroplai i the inhabitants
in the early days of the war. and the Ru pted the
method for announcing the pr N i to the Pol?
?*dol| d, thi not ?i French aviator, has returned to Paru
from the wai zone to get a ne? aeroplane According to a Paris
dispatch to the Exchangi h Compan Pegoud's
machine were riddled by bullets and two shells when he made ?>
with a militar] obse ??? X,U] kilometr? (186 miles) into G rman
!' : i ?tor).
Peg ? ?;i!.i not -??? just where lie had been, except that ha
recn Rhine and an convoys by mean- of
i militar) aviator Pegoud ?aid, had destroyed j
hanga and wrecked a Zeppelin, three
tub?- ae n the hani
AUSTRIAN AEROPLANES DROP BOMBS.
'? ? the Hava agency from Rom? iayi
that Austrian aeroplam - flew over the mountains yesterda) ami dropped
bombs on I i forts rhe bombs, however, did no damage.
Thi disp .: h dd - that th ?grins in Bosnia
Engineer Returning from Russia Says Famous Naval
Rase, as Well as V iborg and Reval. Was
Being Bombarded by Fleet.
[ B) The Tribu
. 21 il a. m I Sothing oi importance has : i
of th? ; the German fleet in tl e B? Iti since the beginning oi
the wai and the tion of the Aland Island; b) the Germans.1
An English engineer, who has just arrived Petersburg and
xx ii.. ?i .i competent authorit) on naval and militar) ts that
when he left the Russian capiul, seven days after the declaratioi
ships ol tl l ? ? adron were ng Kr?msti 'it. Viborg
This i- ver) imp? rtanl informal [ronstadt is the famous
fortress and naval ba *? Petersburg Reval is the
great naval base ai th? eni I inland and a place where
sums of mone) have : ended in forming docks and providing
for all the requirements ol i| rtant naval establishment Vibo - is
a considera! -??1 St
Saw Uhlans in Their Rush
Toward Belgian Capital
The following di-pa'ih ?as heavily
[B* um |
London, Aug. Jo. A "liaily N
sntativa m Bru ??'? fol?
lowing dispatch to-night:
Wt .. ? siting. Far i""
? git ??:! eat, Peopl? ' nei ?
be nning to break down.
Al officially stated, the dermaiis
have occupied the line from Diest to
Tirlernotit. Th.-ir cavalry are nsil .
fine open countr>. designed by nature
for then work, ami are pushing in all
We ant into a
ihad? d * ftdenl of a go? .
* f-Ke. Sndd ? ' eling ehang
tlint odd ?'?a> ;t does in *.h<- most peace?
ful scenery. With a rush ??own the
road came a Cyclist wearing a
cp, and three hundred >ards behind
him hiding behind tree- abs h '.erman
uniforme?! Uhlan officer, who examined
us through ;
1'hi cycliat ihooted, "TherL- are
seventeen up ther?* iiehin?! the trees.
I -ail '(?ou-J morning,' and 'hey <ii?l
. d '( taayl ' "
In a i eon I or two a ahol
on the road Wl - ? , .
- 1 l
s rom ?
ce. ? t r ? ! -, --
had bien given, r
i iviaues " "? ? shot up on *ho si
r.-pnved of guns
' i . iron booming from
the ta '? This was ear direct We
*art?-d out again, but had hi.rd' . .
i ? ?
is, ci .- it that thi
. r. ele-?
? ? .. ?
that il trae. Ai i
. the aimy and
We I along the road ?o
? ul c? racter plain.
I reniembi- fe? more thrilling jour?
neys tuau that il?..* mile along and '
? woods, keep.ii? oui civilian garb
and pipe prominent.
Be '????? came late 'He next Milage.
The ;- ? ,-re trickling out of
their cottage . driving eattle h irriedly
and dragging babies and bundles. A
gallant Gardes Civiques, rather
pallid but full of spirit, stood at the
N S ran gently through the village,
iring the residents where we
could, and turned a -vide corner, antl
'.lure, standing by the road, leaning on
raea, wi rs about - ?-!-. s Uhlans.
They win- some two -undred fard off
an,i I could not make ire af their
uniform for a moment, So. te eover
of our cnr, 1 walked a few
yards furtli iked through my
A Uhlan d lifted his
??-. Then I
eli to the car, which
hwirled back through 'he tillage, hur
Then on the
le, leaving -? ear ready, we
I the troops
ride in, pull ?lo ?' and eat the
W .1 ??- .
I'.?king up a!! the women we could.
we : :
done, No' ??? friendly lold et eemed
alive in th?> neighborhod. '.
? g real
1 ha men. too, later came in. They
? .?ragging and carrying children.
or near child birth,
'nil of food or apples,
?d The "? The
I ".omen, t. ..
th?* ton a ii ' Qu et
leemingly, thi -
? ? ? men wet ? teai it I
deprived of their arn
? tl i
V aat I ight of the refugees
grow too painful. We want off to pick ?
tontinurti on l'aie : Col. 3,
WITHOUT A FIGHT
Belgian Army Withdraws to Antwerp, Sur?
rendering Capital to Save It from De?
struction by Enemy's Artillery.
BATTLE GOING ON SINCE MONDAY
Streets of Abandoned Seat of Government Deserted
When Kaiser's Troops Arrive, with Many Houses
Displaying National Flag Draped in Black.
Paris, Aug. 21 (1 A. M. )?The German cavalry has occu?
pied Brussels. This official announcement was made last night.
Strong columns are following up this movement. The Bel?
gian army ?is retiring on Antwerp, without having been engaged
by the Germans.
Along with the announcement of the fall of Brussels the offi?
cial statement says:
"Our troops have met with brilliant successes in Alsace, es?
pecially between Muelhausen and Altkirch. The Germans re?
treating on the Rhine left in our hands many prisoners and
twenty-four guns, six of which were captured after a sharp
struggle by our infantry.
"In Lorraine the day was less fortunate for us. Our ad?
vanced troops found themselves faced by exceptionally strong
positions. They were forced by a counter attack to fall back in a
body, which is solidly established on the Seilte, and along the
canal from the Marne to the Rhine."
By J. DE GRUYTER.
Special Correspondent of New York Tribune and "London Standard "|
Rosendael, Aug. 20 (via London).?The great battle in
Belgium has been proceeding since Monday. The Germans are
advancing, but the Belgians are contesting the ground step by
step. The carnage has been terrible. The losses on both sides
must be enormous, but it is quite certain that the Germans, as
the attacking force, have suffered far more severely than the Bel?
The bulk of the German army seems to have crossed the
Meuse near Liege or between that town and Huy and to have ad?
vanced by different routes to the banks of the River Dyle, where
the Belgians were intrenched in force.
London, Aug. 21 (2:10 A. M.)?The Paris correspondent
of the Exchange Telegraph Company sends a story originating in
Christiania which states that Emperor William ordered the attacks
by the Germans on Liege and that General von Emmich was not
responsible for them.
By E. A. BEAMAN.
?Special Correspondent of New York Tribune and "London Standard."!
Paris, Aug. 20.?The "Temps" has interviewed a member
of the Brussels government, who said :
"The retirement on Antwerp was considered long ago. The
newly organized Belgian army had not sufficient cavalry to meet
the huge mounted curtain of invaders advancing on both banks of
the River Meuse toward Brussels. A raid by this cavalry might
reach the capital in the same way as that which just failed to re?
sult in the death of General Leman at Liege. The more prudent
place for the centre of government was inside Antwerp. Antwerp
is an impregnable fortress, which could stand a year of siege alone
and resist for an indefinite period with the British fleet keeping
the sea open. "
Washington, Aug. 20.?An official explanation of the Belgian
backward movement toward Antwerp was given to-night in the
following cablegram from London, made public by the British
"The Belgian field army being based on Antwerp has fallen
hack in that direction, in order to cover its communications with
that fortress. In anticipation that this might become necessary,
the seat of government had already been transferred from Brussels
"As Brussels is an undefended city and no longer the seat
of government, the fact that the Germans may have occupied it
is not of great importance. Moreover, the present position of the
Belgian field army is a menace to the right flank of any further
German advance westward."
By Cable to The Tribune.|
Loi ' - ?'?? "The Dail) ?Chronicle" correspondent ... ?.
? ... i as
"The main r..... i t'r?nii Louvaifl t?>?A.?i?i Bru??cls late i/esterda*. ? enrag
. with retreating soldiers and fugitives I
iight cat ? h.-r?- m ?Flanders t?i K""?l actounl
wert harnessed teams of dogs. ? >th?.-r, ?.w:?- ?Kiwi h\
?n wjn not available kh i and dauf
? - ? -'".?- i.? \i-ln..-;?.s and ? iously toi
? ladra with aged and infirm or ag m >ihcis
children and babies in arms
"\ great number of these people had loti ?mrytfcfog ihn- w -v
theii ?horses, ilu-tr cattle The PrtissiM ?roll had descended
upon ti ful hamlet so rapid!) ?that in man) ?,isr, tl <*?. bad bareh
time to escape with tlu-ir lives
"One 't theae hom?ekta faghfcrci told me that he lived )ust Pittilg
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