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First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
I.? Tl.r TrllMin?* ???.m lallnn.
SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1915.
PRICE ONE (FAT
In ( II? ?r?f >e?s 1 ?-.ris. **.???? ?i?k. .?????_??? f IIt and Hol*-..?-*,
11 **i *.*. in Ki. two ? urn,
1,300 Die as Lusitania Goes to Bottom;
400 Americans on Board Torpedoed Ship;
Washington Stirred as When Maine Sank
YET FACED IN WAR
Washington Determined That Germany
Shall Not Be Allowed to Shirk
Responsibility for Deaths.
GREATLY FEARS LOSS OF AMERICANS
President Shows Nervousness as Bulletins of Dis?
aster Come In?Strongest Protest Yet Made
Planned liven if No U. S. Citizens Were Lost
'From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington, May 7.?The new? of the heavy los? of life on
the Lusitania stirred Washington as it has not been stirred since the
linking of the Maine. The earlier reports that both passengers
and crew had been landed safely had quieted apprehensions of an
immediate crisis in the relations of the United States and Germany.
But when it became clear that Americans?undoubtedly a con?
siderable number of them?were to be counted among the victima
of German savagery at sea the full significance of the tragedy off
Queenstown struck home.
President Wilson made little effort to conceal his feeling?. At
f. o'clock to-night the President received the following dispatch
from the United State? Consul at Cork:
"Luntania sank at 2:30 o'clock. Probably many survivors.
Rescue work proceeding favorably. Shall I send you list of sur?
As soon as he read it he put on hi? hat and walked out of the
White House without the knowledge of the Secret Service men who
ere guarding him. The President walked up Sixteenth Street to Cor?
coran Street, crossed over to Fifteenth Street and back to the White
House, where he went into his study to await further information
and to turn over in his mind the message that it is expected he will
send to the German Foreign Office as ?oon as all the details of the
disaster are known.
Official Washington has realized the
poiiibilrty of a clash between our foe
eminent and the German government
ever ?ince the State Department took
the atan4 that Germany must be held
to "?.net accountability" for any
treatment e_ American citizens and
American property not in accordance
with exiting rule? of warfare at sea.
The 1-reaker rn-e had been accepted
? ? ?numinous hint of -he lengths to
whit. Germany might go in antagonrz
-? United Ftates and in violating
the accepted law of nations. But no
b-.'?T thought that German dissent from
our contentions would be emphasized
?M sud-demly and *.n so shocking and
tragic a manner.
Firm Attitude F.ipected.
That that disfent, brutal and defiant
i the esti_.ee, will be met with proper
f.rmnes? few outside the peace-at-any
prica faction In official circles are now
prepared to doubt.
The deatraet-on of the battleship
Havana harbor, though dis?
avowed by ?he Spanish government, cut
American feeling to the quick. It
made th. pres?rvation of good rela?
jona w.th Spain m Cuba a nearly
? >sj task.
The Main tragedy came without
warning But the Lusitania tragedy
come? after a widespread and auda
c.ou? advertisement of Germany's in?
ter.:.on to diaregard the protection
r^tr. to Amnricans 'even when pas
*-eng*ri on a British vessel) by the
What will the end be? .'resident
t-ht. He awaits
th? detail- ? a massa.re. But
?he*. ? || come in in all their
ngton that he will act
?? an Atn?r?can President ought to act.
The Pi, probably call the
' abmet togtther tomorrow to <;
*hat actioi i rnment ma
?n reti'.y to tl.e inquiry from Corneal
l-e should ?end a list of sur. .vor
trueted him to
a hst of all American? demi, in
Iiepartment * officials
''-red the BiB-ing of the LttaitsUlia <-r
?*????* rateo a few ?lays ago.
? sut ! ;? State*
?aying that no ?.ou!d
. aona going abt"
' officials in the admrn-?!iation
sd to-nighl ta the possi
MWty of this coantr-j I m m?o
tot w?r because of the ?I "' A.moi:
?-*- live?. They inaieted upon taking
?i optimistic view of the situa! ion and
?-??rted that whea th* li?t of etarvivara
**? finally made up few would be
lourd le hi
That the aitoatiea will be acute when
???a of American live.? il prove?! is ad
titled on all ?id?.'. No act.on ?ill be
'?--ken by ?* ? :.t until all 'he
?eta?.:? of the torped - Lu.i
(waliuu.. on '>_??,?? .. ?oluinn A
LONDON SEES VITAL
QUESTION FOR U. S
America Is 'Bound to De
fend Lives of Its Subjects
Declares 'Daily News.'
IR? ?"?V? tn The Tribun? 1
London, May P. The "Daily Chror
I icle" -?a*.?? editorially to-day:
"To destroy by deliberate aim one o
the great floating town? which neve
; cross the Atlantic without somethin
, like 2,000 live? in their keeping, i? t
attempt in cold Mood such a massner
? of non-combatants as even the moa
ferocious conquerers have tssldor
perpetrated save in heat.
"When, last October, the German
began to sow floating mines in thi
Atlanti?*, a shudder went through Thi
civilized world on its realizing tha
the Olympic had come near to strikini
one. But nobody at that time, in Ger
i many or elsewhere. ventured U
suggest that the sailors of any civil
, ized power would actually aim a tor
pedo to brlrg about such a catas
i trophe. Step by step since then the
j German Admiralty, like the Germar
i General Staff, has progressed from in
j famy to infamy.
"From the notice circulated las!
: week hy the German Kmbassy in th?
' I'mted States, it is plain that thi?
1 final crime was not the work of i
particular submarine officer over
nnn'ted by an opportunity, but that
M done on the express orders of
"The sowing of illegal mines, the
? submarining of merchantmen, the
j butchery uf fishermen, the Fr.laba ca?e,
I the Lusitania case it is a long and
I terrible list. On land, the sacking of
town?, th?- massacre of non-combat
ants, th?? use of explosive bullets and
asphyxiating -.-??s the poisoning of
wells with arsenic and 'with disease' -
all develop a hideous parallel.
"We have said before, and repeat
i,o*, that the Aral ron?c-<*uc-r:ce of Ger
1 rr.any's making war in this way is to
. i ?t absolutely impossible for the
! Allie? t?? conclude such a reace with
)(i ii? thtl mi^ht otherwise have con
eluded, tat ?>ohcy of th.- Allies in
?hese atroc-te.? cannot
he what it would have been if they hid
. ?a -Kcurrad. It would be a disas
liay for mankind and for cvili/a
i;on if 'he allied statesmen ever
; thought it could. A more drastic sur
?ill be iit-cded ios the cancer of
German militarism than any w.ie
' prophet could have predicted last Au
"The Daily News.-' in its ?ditorial
?norning on the ?inking of th<
l.usitania. *a> I :
"No-hintr the German.?, have done will
* Continued oo pott *, roluaU 4
THE LUSITANIA. SUNK BY GERMAN SUBMARINE, WITH HEAVY LOSS OF LIFE.
HOCHS IN CAFES
Steins Clink as Celebrators
Predict Downfall of
Britain's Sea Power.
Restaurants Thronged and En?
tire Families Out to Cheer
Kair,er and His Submarines.
"Deutschland, Deutachland Uehet
Alles" resounded last night wherever
Germans met to discuss and to toast
"the day" which, to thrir nionrl. sealed
the fate of British world dominion on
the seas. In the fashionable German
Club, headquarters of the Teutonic
?lite and camping ground of German
military officer*; unable to join their
color?, the sinking of the Luritania
was th? principal topic of animated
conversation. Everything rise was for?
gotten in the blow struck at Britain,
the "arch enemy," through the tor?
pedoing of the Lusitania.
"This i? a masterstroke, which will
curb transatlantic travelling and iso?
late Great Britain more effectively
than a whole fleet of super-dread?
noughts could possibly accomplish,"
said a stalwart captan of cavalry.
?'It's the doom of Great Britain."
Toasts ir. i* Sallara.
And then followed the toasts to the
Kaiser, to von Tirpitz and to the V
At I uechow's, in Fourteenth Street,
the show of patriotism was exuberant.
The orchestra had been instructed to
play only patriotic songs, and these
were sung w;;h a vim by the Germans,
wno packed the prem.se? to suffocation.
With wives and children they had
come to celebrate the "victory."
The goblet and steii were raised
often to the Kaiser last night at the
Hofbrau Haus, Broadway and Thirtieth
Street, and at the Kaiserhof, Hi?*,
Broadway. There was 'ittle nois* at
either place, but th?-.-. was a marked
I feeling of good cheer and camaraderie
in the news that the Lusitania had
been sunk by a licrmart submarine.
"A thousand dollar.? is a fortune t.,
me," shouted the cashier at the Hof
brau Haus, "but I'd willingly le ?
' for the cake of hearing the greatcft
, bit of atara in many a day. Just watch
; poor Britain sneaking back with a
> scorched tail."
Victims Were Warned.
"They were warned!" exclaimed an?
other enthusiast, as he ordered a round
of drinks for all present.^ "Thr-y were
i told that if they sailed they ran
I chances of being torpedoed. Now
| they've got it good and pienty."
One young man explained that $5,.
000,000 worth of war munitions had
lonlluuril on paa* ?'? roluma 4
U. S. OWES IT TO SELF-RESPECT TO ACT,
SAYS ROOSEVELT ; PIRACY ON VAST SCALE'
' F"?m t sta.T ?.?nr??r?/?n'1fn* r*f TV- Trimm
Syracuse. May 7.?After the appalling detail? of the Lusi
lania disaster had heen told to Colonel Roosevelt late to-night
he said: "It seems inconceivable that we should refrain from
taking action on this matter, for we owe it not only to humanity
but to our own national self-respect.
"This represents not merely piracy, but piracy on a vaster
scale of murder than any oldtime pirate ever practised. This
is the warfare which destroyed Louvain and Dinant and hun?
dreds of men, women and children in Belgium; warfare to inno?
cent men. women and children travelling on the ocean, to our
own fellow country men and country women who are among
i --??????-?-???-?-???????-???-??-?-???? ???????????
Partial List of Survivors
of Disaster Reaches Here
The first names of survivors of tr
Luisitar.ia disaster received here ai
I.a*scttes, General, and son, In fir?
Bretherton, Mrs. Tyril H., Lob Angele
T??o Bretherton children.
Kes?ler. Ccorge A., New York, win
Smith. Miss J. T.. Braceville, Ohio.
I.auriat, (has. E., jr., Boston.
\. I. Mathews, Montreal.
Miss ( a'herine Kaye.
G. B. Lane.
W. G. E. Meyers.
,1. T. Ti-immlns.
Mrs. A. F. Wit herbe?.
Mrs. Henry Adams. Boston.
Robert Kankin. New York.
M. (.. B>rne, New York.
Emil> Da.*? i*?.
A. B. Cross.
Philip Young. Montreal.
W . A. F. ^ assar, London.
R. I olebrook.
I he Rev. H. C. S. Morria.
Mrs. Fish and two children.
Miss R. Martin.
J. Presi?n Smith, New York.
\. !_ Box le.
Mrs. r. Sullivan.
Misa May R. Martin.
V. J. (?aullelt. New York.
Miss May Ma>m. k.
I no Marderud.
Thomas D. Levin.
T). A. Thomas, (.ardil.. Wales.
T. J. M. Kvans.
A. R. ( larke.
\\. G. Burgess.
.1. H. (harle.* and daughter, Toronto,
Miss l.one.v. New Vork.
Miss Joncphine Brandell, New York.
F. K. A. Perry.
0. 11. Grab.
It. !.. Moseley, New York.
J. H. Brooks, New York.
A. M. Jeffrv.
(). H. Hammond, New York.
H. Neath. ,
John W. McConnell, Memphis. Tenir.
H. M. Daly.
I'alrick < liffe.
James Bohan, Toronto.
Mrs. ( > rua Croaley.
ACT OF BARBARITY.
SAYS F. R. COUDERT
"An ad of barbarity without justi?
fication." was the expression of Fred?
eric R. Couden, of the law firm of
Goudert Brothers, in referring to the
torpedoing of the Lusitania.
"I make that statement on the sup?
position that lires of citizens of the
for ruthlessly sinking a merchant ?hip
il. the open seas when that vessel is
not engaged in any manner as a bel?g
erent vessel and when the lives of non
eombatanta depend upon ita safety?
? ON L?SITAN
Alfred G. Vanderbilt \*
on Way to England oi
N. J. REPRESENTED
ON FIRST CABIN LI
Charles Frohman, Lindon Bal
Jr.. Charles Klein and Justu
Miles Forman Aboard.
As usual, a large proportion of
Lnsitania'a tirst cabin list was c<
DOM*J of New Yorkers.
Alfred G. Vanderbilt was necessai
!a prominent figure among the ra?s
: gers. His brother, Cornelius, was, 1
. many others, skeptical when he bei
the first rumors about the Cur.ard?
fate. Captain George C Day t
Commander P. L. Sawyer, both Unil
! States naval officers, who ar^ worki
? with Mr. Vanderbilt on the plan3 1
, the reception of the Atlatic fleet, w?
incred'jlous, too. But when Mr. \'t
| derbilt learned through The Ttibu
that the news had been confirmed,
asked the newspaper for t?*n-minu
His brother Alfred expected to
gone for four or five weeks or. a bus
r.css trip. Had it not been for tl
war. Mrs. Vanderbilt would have a
companied her husband on the Lus
Major F. Warren Pearl and Mr
Pearl, who sailed with their chilare
are well known in New Yjrk. Bot
i had intended to do war aid work. Ml
: jor Pearl, who is a surgeon, was to t
attached to a field hospital for th
Allie.-i m Belgium, while Art. Peai
1 hoped to assist in relief wont for th
I Belgians in England. She is the daugti
ter of Mr?. J. P. Duncan an.I unte
III?, Ottomar H. Van Norden an
Mrs. George E. Dunscombe.
Another woman passenger who wer.
over on the Lusitania to do relief wor
for Belgium was Mr?. 0, H. Hamnior.c
who accompanied her husband, a mem
ber of Frank 4 DeBois, tnsuranc
brokers, at M Maiden Lane. The .lam
mond? l.ve at ."?0 East Seve?itietl
Street. Before her marriage Mr?
Hammond was a Miss Steve".', a mem
ber of the well known f-SCtM Poin
Charles Frohman was on his an
nual business tour intending to lool
ove.* hi; foreign interests and to pick
up 4ome play?. He was accompaniec
by Justus Miles Forman, the author
1 whose tirst play, "The Hyphen," a wai
drama, was produced in New York i
| few weeks ago. Edgar Gorer, th? Lon
| don and New York art dealer, who
! has a connection here through Dreieei
& < o, and who is now bringing a
th'h.onn ?lander suit against Joseph
,J and Henry J. Duveen, wat also a
Charles F. Fowles, who waa accom
Cootlrued ?a ptsg? '? toli*a*Ua 1
Dying and Injured Brought In with Other
Survivors to Queenstown?Two Tor?
pedoes Fired, Says Steward.
FEW FIRST CLASS PASSENGERS SAVED
Attack Made About Eight Miles from Irish Coast in
Broad Daylight and in Fine Weather?Sur?
vivor Tells of Braver} of Cunard Officers.
Washington, May 8.?A dispatch to the State De?
partment early to-day from American Consul Frost at
Queenstown stated that the total number of survivors of
?he Lusitania was about 700.
[By Cable to The Tribune.]
London, May 8, 3 a. m.?At least 1,300 live? were lost when
the Lusitania was torpedoed without warning in broad daylight
yesterday afternoon by a German submarine, according to esti?
mates by survivors. The estimate of First Officer Jones puts the
total nearer 1,500.
Only a few of the first class passengers were saved. Most of
them remained aboard, thinking the ship would float. Trawlers
arriving at Queenstown have a hundred bodies or more
The "Times" Queenstown correspondent ?ays that some of th?.
survivors who have arrived there report that Alfred Gwynne Van- I
derbilt was drowned.
At Queenstown there have arrived 647 alive, 40 dead; at
Kinsale 11 alive, 5 dead. Al! boats which went out from Queens?
town have now returned, except one trawler. Fishing boats may
be bringing more survivors to Kinsale.
It is believed here that there were about 2,000 persons on
board, 1,254 passengers and between 700 and 800 in the crew.
Survivors of the Lusitani. who have arrived at Queenstown
estimate that only about 650 of those aboard the steamer wcra
Of the dead more than two hundred are supposed to be.
Americans, as it is believed there were about 400 on board.
Lady Mackworth, daughter of David A. Thomas, the Welsh
"Coal King," and a noted militant suffragist, went down with th.. *
liner, but was saved by a life preserver she wore, and later was
Twenty-two of those landed at Queenstown have since died of
their injuries. Nearly all the officers, except Captain Turner and
the first and second officers, perished.
A dispatch from Queenstown sent out at midnight says:
"Up to the present 520 passengers from the Lusitania have
1 been landed here from boats. Ten or eleven boatloads cams
ashore, and others are expected."
The Central News says that the number of the Lusitania's
passengers who died of injuries while being taken to Queenstown
will reach 100. This is believed to indicate that the ship sank much
more quickly than was expected, and that the few minutes that
elapsed were used in getting into the boats those injured by the
The motor boat Elizabeth has arrived at Kinsale and reports
that at 3:30 p. m. she picked up two lifeboats containing 63 and
16 survivors of the Lusitania, respectively. A Cork tug took the
rescued to Queenstown. They were mostly women and children.
The Lusitania could not launch many of her lifeboats, owing
to her list to port.
The tiny hospitals at Kinsale and Clonakilty, and the institu?
tions at Cork and Queenstown are jammed with survivors from the
ocean horror, those not actually wounded suffering terribly from
shock. The giant Cunarder now rests on the bottom of the ocean,
about eight miles off Kinsale Head and twenty miles from the en?
trance to Queenstown Harbor.
ADMIRALTY GIVES OUT NEWS.
Telegrams have been filtering into London la t night and
early this morning stating that the rescued are being brought to
Queenstown by three steamers. The Admiralty says between fivo
and six hundred have already been landed at Clonakilty and Kin?
sale, coming into the latter port in a string of boats towed by a
Greek steamer. Motor fishing boats hovered near the scene of the
wreck, picking up what boats they could and turning them over t j
the powerful ocean going tug Stormcock.
Huge crowds fill Cockspur Street near the Haymarket, storm?
ing the Cunard offices for news. The women, who had been weep?
ing so bitterly, paused for a moment when an agent of the line
bellowed through a megaphone the following dispatch:
"Our Liverpool office says First Officer Jones wires from
Queenstown he thinks between five hundred and six hundred have
been saved. This includes passengers and crew, and is only an
A steward in the first boat which landed at Kinsale said be
feared that 900 lives had. been lost.
PASSENGERS WERE AT LUNCHEON.
The tug Stormcock returned to Queenstown, bringing abojt
one hundred and fifty survivors, principally passengers, among
whom were many women, several of the crew and one steward.
Describing the experience of the Lusitania, the steward said :
| "The passengers were al luncheon, when a submarine came up
| And fired two torpedoes, which struck the Lusitania on the ?tar
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