Newspaper Page Text
AS WALL STREET
RUSHES TO SELL
Market, Suspicious of Bear
Coup, Hesitates, Then
SENDS PRICES UP
"War Stocks." Bethlehem and
Can, lead Crash Crop
Wall Street was lazily digesting its
luncheon ar.d waiting for the govern?
ment crop report to give life to a mar?
ket that scot **?_?',v would neither go
up nor down when the f.rst inkling of
the Lusitania affair flashed over pri?
vate w'rrs. F?f a tirie it ?neered, cer?
tain almost that the I ears were mak?
ing another coup.
Then it jumped to sell, and regard?
less of war orders values, incrensed
cuttings or the doten
and otto reasons ad-.anced for the rise
of tin*, o. tri..*, ?sane, stocka were
thrown on the rrniki! ;.t whatever
It a i roken ear
,i accourir .?.tened
the owners could
respond to the "S 0 S" call for more
monev. Speculators who had neglected
to turn parer profit? into cash rusheii
to save what they mitht. Tho result
was the worst break in prices se??n
? rr ?? ft ??? days before the ex?
change closed last July, and stocks
threatened '.> hrenk through to the
As was to be expected, "war stocks."
ns tl "so bullish on such issues as
Bethlehem Steel and Can called their
fqvoi - them "cats and
?if'trs' .,T. :? ! r. In tho ?rash
thev apparentlv had no friends with
monev and confidence.
Record Half Hour's Trading.
Like ?wnhill, the
I in force a? it *.?. ? nt,
until - ? appeared thai utter
demoralization wai in ?ich*, bankine
?apport n sde ti ai pearanci . rie ef?
fect was ! niection of
strvchiii: < upon an exhausted man.
The market s*? ing upward almost as
crazi!-. cone down, f?> that at
the bell the c'o<e was weak instead of
demora! ? I, ?-? il ".??'ni shaies. a rec?
ord, deall t half hour,
broken nor cus?
tomer ? -iid. In the
Wildert *rad-r*ir that tho exchnnce has
seen since the outbreak of war. it was
Me t?i get report? on the ? se?
rration of orders The ticker was nt one
time nearl* an hour behind, and
it wa well after the close
that the intrre.-trd ones had a very
clear -dea as to where they stood.
e then found that stocks thev
liad held had hi i f 'hem or by
their brokers at prices well below what
thev thoucrh' they might get. Others
found that th? v paid more fer their
stocks than they thought they had.
Vet o'hers fouti?! their lo>-??s less than
thev had expected, so swift had been
the upturn. So, on the whole, the
Aside from the effect upon prices a?
indicated by the ticker, Wall
niHV truly be said fu > n?.?- heen ap?
palled by the tew-. In the interna?
tional banking houses partners and
manajrers were eloquent in
Filence, while in the customers' rooms
men less diplomatic openly denounced
?lermanv Hnd all tl M pertained
Bien1 rooms were
parti sal of the Allies, but those who
swear 1>\ the Kaiser prudently re?
frained from nrrument.
Market favored Smash.
From the p'i nt of \ ?? w of the bears
?ri coma at an ideal time. It
was th, - ? ?? t that led th< eet to take
the news skeptically at first and tell it?
self that trie short! were uttempting to
offset the effect of the crop report,
which every ??no r*rp?oted would be
good. Tho ti-chnica! condition of the
market was also in favor of a smash in
prices. The bull account was larire; in
How Liisitania's Loss Hammered
Down Slocks in Wall Street
The fiillovoing tahlr ?ho?o a ll?t of Ihe ?lock? heavilv traded in >e?
terdav. (heir high and low for the da>, the ImI I '*, the ma\imum loei a*
comnared with Thurnda?, and the recover? fr?>m Ihe \?* :
lin- ? i??'
Amale- - . ??? * ?,?, M
? . *?
? - . < 47 t
1 ? . ' H >
? ,.,. lop, . ?'-,
lar k I '1 . ??? ' **
. ? 1?
Tran.lt. ?' . : *?
larva?..-. I. -.-. 1 :\ . ?S ?W
. - , "C, 7*1-!, 1*. '->
Ommts i . isr? it's it*? ?H '?>
? ' ... .14? ? ??>
?;???? N - - ; ? ? rntt ? . ' ? '*>
.?-.*.* * ?> i ?
I .a ?.?-> -. . ? 4"W 41 4S v?
. . . Ml'a . ItkVk - "?
\i... ? |.:.->urD . * . '"? :'*i ?
Nat ? Ued . <*', ? *
Km V I all lira*?.
. . . : *
. IK 1 'i ? * . ?**l
- a-. ' . 4 ?j 'a
I i . H ? M3 'i? :
lli-r?;MI- baa ?n't l?t??; 7"?? 1%
.-a ' . VI -""? ?
TWr? A?.-u? . * **S '
rani . '**-x. ?i, . ?. m
. ? ,,:> rl* '?
M?* '7 s
Total sale?. 1.140,000; In last half hour, I2S.SSS.
cllned. in the opinion of mriny, to
overextended, and the rise in many
the so-called ?v-.i speciall ea too ra
It wi t eu< h n condition a.? h
leil the conservative broken to dem.-t
as hifrh ai fifty pointu innr?*-in on ?01
s*crk?, a? compared with ih?- ??
Ordinarily asked for. and led the bnn
to diacriminate against stocks thut h
been the Speculative favorite? of t
Street. It was in these i??>ues that l
heaviest losaei were made, Rethlehr
for example, dropping thir
point?, once losing ten pointl br'.vve
Half of this los* it recovered, lea
ing the net lo?s of the day only $'-*.
a share, but in the wide s win?? of tl
price pendulum many of the speculate
fraternity had been badly huit. H
side the wounds of yesterday the dai
?f?e done in the days just bet?re tl
war were mere bruises, for then the
had been warning* that some hr
Hut all the injured were not in t>
rank? of those who trade in stock
0*r< r in Heaver Street, where Ci
i v. as what the ten
. rapher describes a? "px" that bi
code for great excitement whc
br< aki ai 7? bale wei
ngistered i 'ral months. Agai
i the spec ? ?7 unable ? a
n threatened, and threatenin
In grain alone the disaster had th
lea-t i ffect, The market was weak, bit
reaker than was to be expected i
the face of the crop report, which re
fluted excellent conditions.
That was the one big cheerful iter
in the afternoon, overshadowing i
importance the support randan
stocks in the closing minute
WITH FULL CABINS
Disaster Causes Only 12
Cancellations and 100
"I hopo to meet a German submarine
bow on," declared Captain John
of the Anchor liner Transylvania, which
.-ailed last night for Liverpool ov
course taker, by the Lusitania.
The cabins of the new steamship,
which is running under the join- i
of the Cunnrd and Anchor lines, were
crowded when :he left her pier in the
North I:.ver a* 8 o'clock. A total of 879
passengers set out on the voyage. Only
twelve reservations were cancelled, pre?
sumably because of the news of the
Lusitania disaster. More than 100 Cana?
dian?, anxious to sail, were left because
there was not room for them,
"I have been hunting for a subma?
rine since the war began." was the coiB
| ment of Cantain Black before his ves-|
sel backed into the stream. "I on
tl I see one of the":
and that it comes close enough f'?r r
to ram her."
tain Black wai B?*ke?! if he won
American Hag when the Trans?.
ran ia i ntei ed the n :? r
"No, sir," he replied; "I'll take n
ship into port with the fia?,' of Knelat
flying or not at all."
Baggage Del?? s Liner.
Althoueh he would take every pr
caution to protect his ve?sel and pa
sengera, he said, the captain
thi? least trepidation. The steamer wi
an hour late in sailing, but that wi
due to the transferring of baggage,
was explained. None or the ?
u-;eil the extra time to leave the ship.
Commodore of the fleet of Anchi
Line steamers, Captain Black until n
cently was navigating officer and s< run
in command of the Columbia, of thi
line, when she was converted Into
British cruiser to watch for the Karli
U nipt to return t
"We never saw her," lie declared la?
night," but during those mon!
cruising 1 learned ?one of the evoh,
to avoid hein?; torpi
doi d by ? submarine and will i u!
practice when w?> near the
Nothing would suit me bette
than to meet one of ; ..n suh
marin?'; where I could ram it bow o
nn?l tl il hip, new ship could give
iioi?d accounl oi herself!"
h was incredible, the Transylvania'
skipper said, that Captain Turner o
the Lu tania, had been caught by on
e German undersea craft
"When I bear?! the new. s couple o
hours ago, I could hardly believe it.
he added. "That the shouli
have been hit was one chance in a mill
like hitting a bird on the win}
with a rifle. Even now, I doubl if hi
was torpedoed, for those submarine?
have ? nasty way of dripping mr-ior
when pursued. That may have beer
"If the Germans think the transatlan?
tic service will he hindered by the
? g of tho Lusitania. they have not
reckoned well, for it will make abso?
lutely no difference."
Minister a Fatalist.
There were 117 pat ? ? . the first
Among them were Sir Walter
iRaleigh, of Oxford Univeraity: Sir
t 'awson, of the British Navy,
eight members of the "A Pair of
Silk Stockinga" company. The Rev, I|r.
D. 1. O'Haron, of Sydney, Australia;
the Rev. Hr. J. J. 0-)onneIl, William
Barry and John Rohan, also from the
careless of what
befall them on the voyage.
"What matters it whether we go to
our death on the Transylvania <>r else?
where?" was the stoic utterance of Hr.
Emerson Nichols, of Toronto, who
was a passenger on the White Slar
| Liner Republic, which was ??truck at
sea several years ago by the Italian
i liner Florida, and who has since been
'in another sea disaster, was another
passenger, accompanied by his wife.
Mrs. Beatrice Benyon, whose husband
was an officer, lost on tiro Hritish
cruiser Good Hope, returned to Kng?
land with her little son.
Northern Pacific Railway
Great Northern Pacific Steamship Co.
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cfthefanK>u%Amer.canR?7Kkie?anc'thcp.cture*fque Cascade moujitamsto^.kw.Mt ?,
Tacoma.Portland and North Pacific Coast Cities. Choice of routes v.a F?get bound or
along the Columbia River from Spokane.
Yellowstone National Park
Entet via Gardiner Gateway reached only by Hortbero P?*,,,c
Railway. See America's only Geyserland and Nature s Uwn
World's Exposition. Excellent transport?t-on and hotel acccjrn
nvodM??7ms?ask about -personally escorted tou.s to. through and
iiom the Park during season.
Writ*.call or lalrph.n, for C ?position? loi?*?? anal trw?*t nfcm*u?*T
tot ms assist you to plannln, ??sir in? mhUm It wiU b? a pleaeurt.
*V. F. MERSHON, General
Igest, PoWtnger Dtpi
NEW YORK CITY
BY TORPEDO IS
Not Struck by Mine. Say
Naval Attaches and
U. S. Consul.
STARS AND STRIPES
Projectile Hit Vessel on Star
board and Inflicted Outward
Dent on Port Side.
? IS TlM T*'.t'u:.r 1
. -.Hy 7. The report of the
. of the rase of the Gulf
light signed by Lieutenant Comman
1 McBride, American
-., re, went forward to i
v. W v ile the nature
t yel be an
? . enable The
Tribune correspondent to make the.
Tin* triture ol the injury _u?.lain?*?l bj
fir* veaael ahowa Seyotsd all doubt ibat
it ??a. the ?.or* "i a torpedo, rhore i
?u> rhance thai ;t ?raa ? nnne. i
i. n claimed recently in German ?ir?
II,,. -, 'igntion by
ind J. <
\... . Consul at Plymouth,
- ? ,. depositions of the ere. ,
? - u the ship was flying an I
American flag, is feet b> ten. There t
was a ha e, but not for a
submari la to i ivi failed to distinguish
of t'ne flag, if 'here had
been a desire to And it out. The sub
is* trine' i ?" :'act visible |
from th< nhip.
The Ami rican investigation will ?how
conclusively in tl of olflciala
? ?? . deliberately |
torpedoed without the slightest i
to ascertain her nationality and
withoul the slightest attention be?
ing pa Ami rican flag. The
? in the bow of the Gulflight is six?
teen feet or mnio aero.-?, 1 it the full
of the dai .
? -cd when the -hip goe ? into ?' l
dock. However, the nature of tho
ge showa that it is the work of n
torpedo, (in the starboard side
vessel is t pal o - On
.?? there is : i maire,
de traction was
i by a rapidly moving projectile,
?orpeii'i. In other words, a
throui ? othet nd 1 lere dented
the other outer shell in an outward
\ mine could I 01 produce
The members of the cro\ remain at
;"ce. Some of tl '? men are roll?
ing to return to the -?hip. although
are relenting und will go
QUESTION FOR U. S.
( i.nl ?inieil from p.i.e I
?end so fierce a horror and indignation
: the '?? oi !?1 as the i i'iklng of
the Lusitania. It raises for neutrals
in its sharpest form a question of the
first importance. Thev, and in partic?
ular tin- United Stati -. are hound to
! the live*, of their own sub
though thev are not bound to di
the ! ?\ i s of sub
?"nn thev after this content them elves
i with a pieti ?t .' Tl it is I
which they do not need the assistance
or exhorta! ? belligerents. I'
is too insistent, too formal, for that.
"'?m- concern is different It is first
to register this late I and greatest out?
rage. And wien It is in our power to
do justice, we must not entent our?
selves with punishing subordinate..
There must be no iiead too high to fall
"Hut that lies in the future. For the
present .?. e must lake what inc.
we can to avi r' s repetition of this
crime ami disaster, and in every case
we must defeat the purpose which in?
spired it. It is doubtless the hope of
: the enemy to convert the Impotence of
their blockade into reality by terror.
They have mistaken the temper of the
peojilo or' these islands ami of all men,
whatever their nationality, for whom
civilisation has n meaning.
"The traflic of the seas will continue
as though no Germane lurked 1?,
the v. immit murder, ami the
task of bringing the murderer to jus
. tue and of ridding the world of
horror of brutalit) will he carried on
with sterner ami Hercei energy."
Sir (?ilbcrt I'arker'H Views.
Sir (iilbert Parker, writing of the
iter in "The Dally Chronicle,"
"Il II a most inhuman crime, com?
mitted by an inhuman nation which
ha- placed itself outside the hound- ol
civilization. Germany hopes to ter?
rorize England as the tried to terror?
ize Belgium, but she is up against a
natron ? ,- never knew defeat, and she
can be assured that this infamous
crime will oniy nerve the British peo?
ple to sterner efforts than they have
yet used in the cou: M Of 1
"The sinking of the Lusitania is an
international, not ;? national, mutter,
I en that the
United States will view it ai theii
II well ns our '
Question I'ut l'p to Inited States.
"Tl ? ayi of the sinking of
"It il i.ot for U to speculate upon
?raa t?. be adopted by the United
States government, now that they arc
confronted with tins monstrous crime.
which concerns them as closely ? \\
does ourselves. The members of I'res
Wi(son's ministry sre gusrdians
i of their nation's honor and of the lives
of their an n people. Upon then
a heavy responsibility, which m
not se?k to accentuate.
"In ? to the Her?
man government in I ? ? ?-, the
if the lives of Anici..
were destroyed by G
acia, it would be diflicult f.ir m?, m 'to
view the act in any ether light than an
nsible violation of neutial
oulil such a 'deplorable lit*
nation' ai - ,
ernment would hold the (?crinan Hu?
es 'to stric? accoun'Rhilrty, ?nd
would take any ?tups which migh* be
neee rd American live?
and property and to secure to Am.
.ns full enjoyment of their ae
I knio.? Il rhe high seas.
"Plainer worda could sol be used, and
we quote them without comment,' nor
! shall we lay ai;\
j sion of the United states government
j to offer an upon
I the nia.iy violations of The UagUi
m by Germany, or anon German
tions. 'Ih. of the people of
1 'ho United ?ard all th?
! Iap??-s into barbarism must he shaped
?? led bv themselves alone."
"The sinking of the Luaitania stands
1 in the same category as other wanton
an.I murderou? outrage! which Ger
mnnv ha? been suffered to commit
Without a ?-eonl of protc" from neutral
nations who wen- parties to her vio-;
??ted engagements, It must be placed
?? the mu k of I.oiivain
and Pinant, the cold blooded slaughter]
of innocent Belgian ?n?! Pnneh ? ?
-en?. * rig "f helpless werften
Rid rirl?. the unnumhered act? of de-!
struction and tortun, 'be robbery and
destruction and npino, with all the
com tli - ?" an com
mitted by the men of Germany amid
the smiling benedii tiona of the K - si
ami the band of criminals around him
v? ' o direct the German conduct of 'ln
war. rhese murders at sea an no
worse than the devilish eontriraneea
bv which soldiers an being poleoned
and eond'-mned to lingering and pain?
"This war in fact i? censlnc* to be a
conflict dinctly concerning only those
nations engaged In it, however great
mu? powerful they may be. The whole
? ? ? iderstand that 'ho
Uerreani ami tin Ir pliant I
? - mitted to wreck the fabric of
civilization, which has been slowlj
up t h rough eanl of human i
deavor. i pon ihe task of retrib
the Allies are noi engaged. If
they have to pursue u alone, they will
do so without flinching, whatever the
cost, but the destruction of thn Lusi?
tania moat will ha ten the
day when every civilized power will
feel constrained to join In branding
arlth eternal infamy the nnegade
WAR BEGAN FEB. 18
Kaiser's Undersea Boats
Have Sunk .Ships of
On February 4 the (icrnun govern?
ment published Ita "War Zone Proc
lamation," declaring the waters ad?
jacent to the coasts of Great Britain
and France after February Ia- a zone
of war. The announcement was
greeted with scorn in England and I
frank disbelief In neutral countries.
Five days later Germany informed
this government that any protest of
the German Kovrrnmont's war zone
proclam?t ion would be considered an
unneutral act. The United States re?
plied on the uth, stating that Ger?
many "would be held to strict Be
? ibility" for American live? or
lo?t through the enforcement
of the proclamation. Two days later
Germany repeated the warning.
fin the K>th Gennany announced her
intention of strewing the Feas in the
none with mine? if the Allies rer
in barrini; food from her ports. On
February 1 ?? her proclamation went into
\ and on the ?-amo day Sir Edward
Grey asserted the right of the allied
nations to starve ? ut Germany.
I . 8. Repeats Warning.
The United States government on
the day after the proclamation went
into affect repeated its warning to
Germany that that government would
lie held to "strict accountability" for
I th< loas of American lives or
Norwegian ship Beldidge v. as
torpedead on the -Oth in the North
Sea. Four men wen drowned with the
sinking of the British park Camban!;
day; on the 22d the American
freighter Evelyn waa sunk by a mine
otf tho German coast, the Carib, ai 0
an American vessel, going down in the
same ; ea "n ;he 24th.
The 25th saw the sinking of three
more British ships, the Oakley, the
R o Panna and the Harpalion, the
laat losing thne men. This had an
immediate effect, for the American Sec
retary of theTnaaury made ships sa!l
? ir British ports "special war
for government insurance." On
February .;*? the Allies announced their
intention of stopping all trade with
Germany, and Gnat Britain, a week
later de-eland that the crew- of sub?
marines captured would be tried, ap
parently for murder ami piracy, at the
end of the war.
Germany's reply came on March 10,
when three British menhantmen were
sunk, with a ioss of thirty-seven lives.
A day later the Prim Eitel Friedrich
entered Hampton Roads, and it be?
came known that she had sunk the
William P. Frye, an American pram
-I ip flying the American flag, in the
Pacific on January 2K. Tho German
government suggested the matter go
a German prize court for ad?
Eight Ships In Three Days.
On the 14th It was announced that
the German submarine U-2S h ?
tablished a record of eight merchant?
men in three days. The Britiah an?
swer was the Order in Council block?
ading Cern?an ports. Five days later
tho Germans confiscated a cargo of
American oil on board the Dutch ship
i 1 in Swinemunde, and two lays
later the U-28 took two Dutcd grain
into Zeebrugge. On the 23d
German aeroplanes began attacha on
?hipping in the North Sea.
The British paaeenger ship Falaba
ink m St. George's Channel on
ta. with a lo-s of 111 men, wom
; cnildnn. The V-2S, find on the
is they were lowered. Leon
Chester Thresher, an American citizen,
went down with this vessel. The
Aginia, another British non-combatant
ink with a loss of twenty
ol her crew- on the same day.
April 2 law the loss of six mer?
chantmen, tour of them neutral. The
day Germany thnatened re] I
for the tnatment accorded her cant*
ubmarine crews by Great Britain.
? h Api il n the German government jus
the sinking of the Frye, but pro?
's to pay for ship and
car?;?*; and ort the Du h the German
-sador complained that America
was violating the spirit of neutrality in
favor of England.
1 he Bi Igiaa relief ship Harpalyce,
rig Now York State's first cargo
tl to the Belgians, and flying the
American flag, was torpedoed two dus 4
Dutch steamer Kitwyk waa sunk
on April 15, wl ng a cargo
. ...11 for 'he Dutch goven
on m Holland grew hot, but noth?
ing further was dune. ?Meanwhile, the
German blockade had been carried out,
varying rigor, from February is
unk averaging l
On April ."0 the American steamer
ing, flying the American flag, was
ioi by a German airman, who
I bombs upon it.
V. S. Oil Tanker Torpedoed.
The American oil tank ?'earner Gulf
light was torpc<loed without warning
illy Islands, on May 1, while fly
il 1 tue American colors. The captain
died fron shock, and two of the crew
drowned. On the same day, the
of sailing of the Lusitania, the
Germ..- . at Washinjrton issued
a warning t.. neutrals agaiaattravelling
in the ships of belligerents.
On May 1 the submarine war again?!
the British liles took on new
? vessels were sunk or dam
; the week thai followed. Su
teen - ,.r,. British
r ir were British and I
v *i menhantmen. the neutral ves
seis included three Norwegian, two
bwadish and one Danish vesseL
COULD NOT BE SUNI
HER BUILDERS SAI
That Was in 1907, Befo I
Era of Submarine
?si;t pac?: which
I usitania Was Favorite of Pfl
Her Speed Put Oeutsch.
land Out of Service.
When report? were sprcid broadi
yesterday that tl,' I had be
?ent to ? m "f the Atlantic
a torpedo from a German submarine,
lean hip man not connected with t
service of tho Allies remarked: "I*
the Irony of fate. Toor old Kaemp
I wonder what *h<* think?* of it."
Th??*?' who understood remember
that it was the 1
honors from Germany und drove t
in i ???! of '<?< Hamburg I ?
The li ? ?. '???:?* i
directly responsible for I
such mon tera as the Vaterland ai
?. . Impe itor, built, a'
? footh i
on the passenger trafile out of Nt
Th?' Lusitania was nn experiment
remarkably successful exper
< un;,id Line, hack?'! by govemme
subvention, m 1 907 put *m unkno.
quantity into the water which amazi
i the world with her phenomena! ?pee
She was more than a flyer; she was
Operated at great, cost, Fhe demo
strated to the shinping world that tra
eilen willing to pay fancy prices f<
high class service wanted speed. H if
ratea did not handicap the Lusitania
"Fastest Ship In the World."
From her maiden excursion ?he WI
booked to capacity, and her ?_
assured at that 'itne. Every one wan
ed to travel on the fastest steamship i
the world, and several months lnt
when the Mauritania was uuloasho
the pair were the moat'popular stoan
ships on the Atlantic. Hot h were tu
driven ve ela, which account?
for then- marvellous ?pee!. German
watched them carefully, hut the secrei
! of the engine room were guard?
'against Teutonic espionage, and to-da;
with the Lusitania gone, tho Mauri
tania ia the ?.peed mistress of th
Until the advent of tho Lusitania th
Ramburg-Ameriean liner Iioutschlam
now named the Victoria Luise, had th
transatlantic record westbound of
and 64 minutes, mad
September, 190*3. Captain Kai
Kaempff, commodore of the fleet, ha
? charge until this, h?-r bo?
oon after the Lu litania cam
into lerviee and had h?*r turbines tune
to perfection the German vessel's rec
on! faded into oblivion, tho Cunardc
coming over in i days n hours an
' -TJ minutes. So keen was tho rivalr
on the part of the German ship awner
that the Hamburg-American Lu.
Hiement questioning the ri
' of th< ? me given out by ' ap
tain Watts, who was then the l.usi
\ttraded Croat Attention.
No veaaol, exception not being mad
for the later and bigger ones, ?>v, r go
the attention and fiublicity that WS
bestowed upon the Lusitania. She wa
forever trying to clip off a minute o
from her previous recur?!, and th*
public seemed to be as much interestei
Bl the 'hip owners themselves. He
departures and arrival! were social af
. rmd her midnight dockings oftei
kept the customs officials working fo
twenty-four consecutive hours.
Although sh?> has been outclassed ii
! ton nape and special featuie- of In
torif.r arrangement, the Lusitania, ui
to the time of the European war, wa
an exceedingly popular veaaol, am
when the Admiralty called heavily upoi
the Cunard Heel for transports thi
alone remained in the ?service of th?
She was what might be called th?
fir ' of the real big OnOI to conic here
and this impression lingered in th?
minds of this generation. Hats an?
collar.? and various sorts of attire welt
named after her, and the was used ii
picture and in son,; on the stage.
Captain Pritchard, who once com
manded her, declared that ships har
personalities like human beings, ant
j this was true of the Lusitania. Shi
: was regarded as a friend of the port
and her trips here were lor many year?
, un event.
The old expression "thousands lint
the beach" was resurrected when thr
Lusitania first, peeped into this port it
September, loo?. The waterfront wai
; covered with people and ivory avail
; alilo ?space in oflice windows used foi
observation. The new queen of the
? ?ame up slowly, blowing her whis
tlo incessantly in response to salutes
The city itself was as profusely deco?
rated with bunting as the ship.
Thought Her Inninkable.
The Lusitania Wai in lei of 81,65.
. with a displacement on the load
, line of 46,000 tons. r90 feet
long, with a beam of - feel and s
depth when Cully loaded of 37% feet
Her hull below tho draft line was
divided into 1 To watertight compart?
ments, which her builders, John Brown
4 Co., Limited, of G
would make her unsmk .!>;.?. At the
1 time of the loss of the Titanic the
u 1 Line officiais dee'ared that
under similar condit'ons of collision
wi- i an iceberg the two Cunarders
Lusitania and Mauretania would have
By pneumatic control fi?m the
bridge all these watertight compart?
ments could be closed within a minute,
and it is believed that these compart?
ments were closed when the vessel was
torpedoed, t'nliko the later leviathan;?,
the Laaitania's coal bunkers wire next
the skin. This arrangement, it is be
lieved, was a handicap rather than a
h_.p. With her coal '?unk -rs opened
from without, the flood from the sea
would priva her a list and m
sible the launching of lifeboats from
the high sida. The I I . : ?1 not
have Holl?n ?juadrant daviU support?
ing the lifeboats on her boat decs, and
Without them her smull boats muid not
be low? nd if .?he had any considerable
The Lusitania was perhaps the most
serviceable vessel ever launched. For
nearly eight years ?he has been run
mug back and forth between New York
Liverpool at top speed, often mak?
ing port on Thursilays when the
weather permitted. With her sister
ship, the Mauretania, hhe has main?
tained a remarkably fine express ser?
vice, leaving this port every three
Misters of uval steamship lines have
often remarked that the Lusitania, for
a big vessel, had the finest lines of any
merchantman in these waters. In her
time the lost flyer has had some terrific
:ng, but ?he has come through it
all without serious mishap. According
t" her owners, she war good for an-1
other ten year .
The Lusitania has boon driven under
? the command of four master?. J. R.
Watt, her tirst commander, was commo?
dore of th. Cunar?! tied when the
flyer came over on her maiden passage, i
He was transferred a f**w months
I later to bring out the Mauretania and I
SINKING SAID TO HAVE
BEEN PLANNED LONG AGO
One Washington Official Told That Yesterday Wag D?y
Selected for Lusitania's Destruction?German Em
basTsy Advertised Warning to Passenf/rr?.
[H; CsMa le Th<- Tr
London. May H. "It was known tria?
the enemy intended making a dead set
at transatlantic vessels,' said Com?
mander Carlton Belial tu? II. P., in an
lied in "The Daily
Chronicle," "but I am certain that
while t! e Lusitania event may impr?--?s
'he imagination by naaon 01 the llxe
and magnificence of 'he vessel, it will
- of any one here
It c rise to him, <
mander Bellairs added, that the Lusi
tania had been torpedoed by a sub
the ireneral a?
? patrol system would
| r->- nie foi g Bf ' . an-?
atlantie shipping, It was hard *o he
rrr-.y suhmarine could
?trike a ve-sel with the .peed to avoid
her. The I., tania had a spee?i of
I, ai d it wa? Ki-tierally
assumed thai I of over I
knots' speed was pracl immune.
Submarine Maj Have Been Waiting.
"Of course, it is possible," sa:?l Com
mandei Bellain, "that the submarine
was lying on the Lusitania's <?
but that was a set of eircumsl
that could not occur verv often. We
have lost two warships since the out?
break of the war in that way, hut they
Wi re not at high speed, while th?
tania presumably was travelling at
"Some 'nue bark there were a num?
ber of similar happenings off Beachy
Head, but the Admiralty appan
took certain definite steps, and the
sinking of vessels off that part of the
eoaat cca-ed. and doubtless the same
thine would occur on the west coast.
"I have lone felt." concluded Com?
mander Bellairs, "that danger lies in
the organization of German-Americans.
Having regard to what has happened
and what mev happen, I feel that we
ought to pa?? a law empowering our
consuls to refuse passports, except
with sound reason, to all neutrals to
travel by Knglish ships."
Lord Charles Berosford, asked for
the Lusitania's command went to Cap?
tain John Pritchard. The latter in
turn was shifted to the Mauretania and
the Lusitania was turne?! over to Cap?
tain Charles. He was relieved of the
command later for aban duty for the
Admiralty. Captain Turner, who was
in command when she was torpedoed,
was aeleeted from the obscure I'mbria
for hi.-- place.
Captain Daniel Dow attracted con?
siderable attention in February last
when he brought the Lusitania un the
Irish Sen from Queenatown to Liver?
too! flying the American flan-.
I low was in command of the Lusi?
tania on the voyage which ended in
Liverpool on August 4. When off the
Banks he sighted a German man-of
war, which signalled to him: "You are
He made no renlv bv wireless, but.
..ed to his chief officer, "The hell
we are!" and immediately put the
Lusitania under her ton speed, steam?
ing to the northeastward away from
the enemy. He ran into a thick fog
. which continued for twentj
h..ins, and when the mist lifted the
- eruiaer was not in sight.
NO GUNS ON LINER,
SAYS CUNARD MAN
Steamship Was Commercial
Vessel and Fowerless to
Repel Any Attack.
An official of the Cunard Line here
ivy that the Lusitania was
not armed. While she is a ship of the
Boyal Naval Reserve, and was intended
to be used for war purposes if the
Admiralty so le-ided. she had no guns
"The Lusitania was absolutely power
li II to dl fend herself from attack," said
the official. "She carried no guns,
mounted or unmounted. She was a
menhant vessel in the strictest sense
of the word."
"The Daily Chronicle" says the Lusi?
tania carried no guns and was in no
an expression of opir. or., m.i *
users to protect trs.? r^?*'
That had been his ooinron f_?^__*
ise, in his opinion, was tho g10T-T
Sinking banned Lin?- \am
Washington, Msy 7. Aside from?..
; of ?he eaee, ?*?'?!
to-night, - ? _'
of repeated thi
"t K;?_h ?*?'i.eiau"|J?
h r.st*. Dy t?
German Admiralty to ?ink the La?.
?4 iR<j V
terror it mi| read among a-.e*,
trave - -ily.
Inforrna'ior. gathered amo-.- tor??-?-.
ment officials and in ?t plomatk tut
ter* tended ?? ?*ii*?ft5__
plans *' ' ???, _J???
? ? ore made -e eral weefc ,_
First, the Gorman Embaan ?-.-as ^
strutted to advertise in the l?*?h*_
newapapera of the United Stat??, asn.
ing passengers against trarellfc? n
belligerent ships. Anonymous wart.
ing? then wore sent -o indrv.duals am
proposed ?ailing on the L.titaan
Most significant of all wore letters ?.
eeived ero fn.m officials m G-traatr
by private person?* sta'.ng that tW
Lusitania surely 'r * treys?.
.e-torday Chosen for Rio?,
From the day the sr,;p sailed Sjm
Now York officials here h i< I r?>eei?-~
i from many sources slmt-rt
daily as to the safety of tks t.u.1.
?fine official was told with ruck ami
tiveneas early to-day that this was tst
day ?elected for the destruction of U*
The naval radio station at Arliagt?
has been on the alert for news, as?
from time to time has been report?,
as having picked up messages aart_f
the vessel was sunk. Inqu.ry at t.?
Navy I ?par: ment esch t me failed tt
confirm the reports, and they were tot
circulated because it was feared .be*.
woul'l spread unnecessary a arm.
sense an auxiliary cruiser. Some tins
ago the United States government re?
nounced that liners earn ing pu
would be interned. Since thea m
transatlantic liner flying the Briti?
? - been armed.
HAD DREAM SHIP
WOULD BE SUNK
? Br IUa__a|A Is Um I ftaas 1
Buffalo, May T.- William H. H.
Brown, "f 9St Polevan Avenue, Bufsls,
a passenger on the Lusitana, was fert*
warned in a dream that the Ttsiil
would be sunk, and yet refuted to _??
lay his trip abroad. The day befen
he left he told his premonition thatthe
boat would not reach it? des'rnation.
"If this rrks you can pietut.
mo bobbing up and down on top oft?
water," he told his it loa**
thing tells mo I will not be ?rrownedi!
This statement has instilled gr?*?'
confidence in Mrs. Brown, who is:
"My husband's dreams always m
true. 1 am anxious about him, but?
jait as .- . and li?
as if he were here by my s: le stA?
moment. I was not the least bit si
eaey when Mr Brown saile I. I ?a
when the i ? i ?**?-. ?>?'?
?oon got over it."
Brown is the Buffalo renre ?ent?t*?
of the Continental Kubner i"mpaty.
and was accompanied or. the
by Norria and Fred P. Ferry, of Lti
Philadelphia. May 7. -A premoniti?
that the Lusitania would be ?unkb. s
(rorman torpedo prevented lohn rl.Mt*
Fadden, a nullronaire c??tton broker ?f
? ), ami his family from beim
numbered among the cabin pi?eng-?.
on the boat. McFadden early in Mare
had engaged passage for tl. May1,
sailing of the Lusitania, but rancell?1
his reservation when the ??erman ___?
marine blockade was announced.
At 8.15 o'Clock P. M.
12th Regiment Armory
Columbus Avenue and 61st Street
FIRST OF A SERIES OF
Popular Sunday Concerts
(Under the Auspices of the New York Globe)
SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA OF 60
Under Direction of Maximilian Pilzer.
HERMANN WEIL . .
Prices Only 15c to $1.00
WITH COUPON CUT FROM THE GLOBE;
WITHOUT COUPON 10c ADDITIONAL
Seats on Sale To-Day at?
Schlciinger? Ticket Office, 1489 Broadway.
Cimbel Brother*, Broadway and 33d Street.
Globe Uptown Office. 12 Weil 31 ?t Street.
Scbirmer'a Music Store, 3 Eatt 43d Street
League of Foreign-Born Citizen?, 82 Second Avenue.
Tickets may he purchased to-morrow until 5 P. M ??
1489 Broadway; after that time at the box office in the