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11 ?>! H HERB mn CBXTS
Vanderbilt Gave Up Lifebelt to Woman;
Liner Not Armed, U. S. Inspection Showed;
Wilson, Silent, Awaits Facts from Berlin
No Doubt as to Pub?
lic Opinion on Lus
This Nation Demands Thai
'She Abandon Attacks
B? Vi I
: rm for
- ? prn
? a? it
Vie?, ?if German Apologist?.
? like Dr. I ?
:. '. o t y
, ? -
that A in
1 for I irm \mrri?ani?m.
?**?r?J i An
'?, ,r i ?n editorial
. to luve
and if ll . thr
|or th? awfui i, ??.ruction of innocent
"It may b* that Ormany will lay
tawaM up,)n iif Iact tlia.
??lUma. It ig true that such aarnmi:
tsatUiutd nu iiagc ?, column S
"DUTY DEMANDS INSTANT ACTION,
FORBIDS DELAY/' SAYS RCOS! ELT
Syracuse, N Y. '. Colonel R< ?V
' On the night oi the day that the i i ?a : red '
the attention of our people to the fact that the sinking of the
Lusitania was not only an act of simple piracy, but that it rep?
resented piracy accompanied by murder on a vaster scale than
any o'.dtime pirate had ever practised before being hung for his
"I called attention to the fact that this vas merely the ap?
plication on the high seas, and at our expense, of the prin?
ciples which, when applied on land, had produced the innum?
erable hideous tragedies that have occurred in Belgium and in
"I said that not only our duty to humanity at large but
our duty to preserve our cwn national self-respect demanded
instant action on our part and forbade all delay.
"I can do little more than reiterate what I thus said. When
the German decree establishing the war /one was issued, and
of course plainly threatened exactly the type of tragedy which
has occurred, our government notified Germany that in the
event cf any such wrongdoing at the expense of our citizens we
would hold the German government to a strict accountability.
"The use of this phrase, 'strict accountability,' of course,
must mean, and can only mean, that action will be taken by
us without an hour's unnecessary delay. It was eminently
proper to use the exact phrase that was used: and. having used
it, our own self-respect demands that we forthwith abide by it."
TO ITALIAN KIN
TO AVERT WA
Austrians and Germa
Fleeing Homeward b\
Rome via Paris), May 9. 1
"Tribuna" say? that an autc.piaph 1
ter from the (?erman hmperor, wh
.?en to the Quir.r.al by Prii
.clow, German Ambassadi r
?.quest! the Kinp of Italy In '
" Emperor's er7< :t? In order tl
the I'alian and Austria pourparli
: csuit in an accord.
The exodus of Austrian and G
mans from Italy continues on a lar
1'i.r.?. May 9. A dispatch from B<
linzona. Switzerland, to "I.e Tiinp
"Austrian! and Gem-.; ns are flee;:
? Italy. All trains
the direction ?if the frontier are park
with Teutonic passengers, includii
merchants and officials.
nins have broujtb r>,ui
Germans from Rome, Florence and !'.
r Germany. Lugai
? d with refugees.
"Notice has been given of the su
from to-.iay of the telephoi
hnoss the frontier and of tl
?on of a great many passenpi
"All (?oirr.an and Austrian journa
ist?, have lefl
ivanni Giolitti, the former Italia
. was the oh?ect ?.f
- t.? a
lifercy despatch from the II
tul I he demons! t a1 ion, it sppi ?
du< to a rumor that there would be
moment man?uvre by th<
ent, of whic
Sigr.or Giolitti is a membei
try to coi
mentary authorities, including tl
premier, he'ore it announces il
.h with regard to Italy's court
in the war. Pai ry intrigue
intervention are pro
?. ceived in prime fron
there were umilai
? > ?l.'parturi
Amsterdam .via Loi ' .. B. A
if which ha?
? i iy s !
"V. ? suspens?
h ich Italy will advanee ?"i
beginning war against her all ??? is
that the declaration o? ?nr ?
-? eei 'ral powei i, but
against 1 ?? - ng to an ?
violation of the Treaty of Lausanne.''
eva 'via Parti , May I, Ar
Italian army 600,000 strong, fully
equipped and ready for the t:eld, has
? -iiite.i Mt Verona, a fortified
Italian -ity situated at the base of the
Tyrol? twenty mile? from the
: of Austria I! , ?
Copenhagen ivia I ? '? ,..- 9.
A pi n Berl n
??? from If
and that with
aie proceeding to the fiont.
Gen. Pole Carew Injured.
I ondea, Mey 9 Lieutenant (ieneral
Sir Refinall Pole -Cin-w, inopector
general of the territorial fore?
thrown from his horse to-day at An
tony Park. Cornwall, where he va,.
lesve of absence, He
ana? picked up in an unconscious con- I
dition. suffering from concussion of'
the brain. He is sixty-six ?-ears old.
AN ARMED SHI!
Collector Officially Di;
proves German Tale of
Guns Aboard Liner.
Collector ?if the Tort Dudley Fi?
Malone last ? I -.vhen fl
Lusitania left N'ew York ~he carri?
with her gun? either mounted or in
idicti the ?tati
ment made officially bv Merlin that tr
liner ?a- really a warship bi
'" virh an armament, and th
on that l
ng the vessel.
"The Lu llama was inspected in th
customary nianiitr," ?aid ( ollector M?
lone, "and r." cans wen- found on he
Anv report that she was armed is ir
correcf. He\on?l the good? mcntione
??lint: was carried on th
In the manifest were listed the car
. arm - which the Lusi
. carried, bul there ?
of any RUI i e
moui ? ft the harbot
The at th
without actually opening all the ship
Nut Equipped for Fight.
Tl e ? on the Cunsrder, i
was ? would be the be
on he e Las conv
Cui nie ou
W hl ti -he 1 of
\. .? York. They maintained tha1
n. has ."he ha?
. .us for ; : ? igainai
1 ?? . . i -.?ft.
"An taten .e 1 i-itnnit
rmed for hostil?
man W i ter, head of
? - ? '
1 n ??. "i- .. ? ? nded '"ni
ressel did net
rarry guns on thi? voyage, nor did it
Im .id wen ? Kemuigton
v. <?: e i n-'-.i- 1 ir: separat*
? ? me under the cla
' Thi authoritiei would
_?? r i'ner.
-hipment was an ordinary com
I? as ,-om
rriei 1- ?
ordinary run of
commerce, h.mI ;? r year w? h*ve been
en.ir.g small arm? cartridges abroad
on the Luaitania."
Nut Hurl from Within.
When ?skid if :he shipment wa? not
subject I -band, Mr.
? ?- .-. d i \ en \f 11 wete th? Ger?
men! had f.o rirht to take
it "Tl ? . uomi-n and
children on honrd war? not contra?
band, and they had no ntht ?o taki>
'anin wa? a? d??'?
? ? and un der i
. ' - '? i r\ boat ??> gainst
a dreadnought, and I i ? rt too
. ly that the nt/ort that she car
At the company'? office?, 24 State
hil.ty that the Ltt?i
tama might have been blown up from
within \?a? ridr-uled, and those in
? harga ?ai'i i d no wnr.i
Gi .' Bl tain which would dil
of the torpedoing.
Only a few bulletin? were received
CoDliuuc?! ob iiafe *? column 4
NO HEED PAID
I.i nor Advised by Ac
miralty to Avoid
Declare Thev Were N(
Told What to Do if Ship
I ondon, Maj 9. The Lu -,
have been saved. The Trib .
spondent's investigations here revs
a state of affairs whicih appear a
The Admirality ?lid not, so I
-. ? ? he.--! ascertained, actua
tue Lusitanla t.. proceed up midchai
nel instead of following her usui
course close to shore, but she was a<
to do so. I'n.1er such circuit
advice, it is held, shoal
-Milice,!. Seither did the Lus
. make over 16 to 18 ki
That wire' warning tr
Lusitanla of the dangerous area wei
lent to her has been definitely estai
li-hrd. There is a growing amatemei
ihe warnings were not follow?
it.d s midchannel course taken. Tli
L'liitanis gal signal! from both Cor
i English coast.
II i- officially announced that th
-h Hoard of Trade, with the cor
currence of the Admiralty, has ordere
an in.?uiiv. Lord Mersey has consent
ed io conduct it He headed the in
? g?tions into the sinking of th
steamers Titanic and the Empress o
There are two rather sensational bit
of evidence which are closely relater
('ne passenger declares the second en
irinecr told him that only fust befor
the ship was stiuck did orden go t?
the stokers to tire up for full speed
'Ihe rhip was then well within th
In one quarter tn-nifrht it war- statei
thai it was not the government's busi
: ? actually tu order British mer
chanl o do thus and so witl
l?zard to operations, but that instruc
tions were sent which should he fol
lowed. It was that way with the Lusi
tama. Advices were sent by wireless
but they were not followed.
(Iroas Carelessness Charged.
There is a vas? amount of criticisrr
among all the passengers. Most o:
th'-m charge the grossest carelessness
C. T, Jenkins, a London business mar
and a survivor, said:
"During the voyage one of the mosl
prominent passengers ?th..uni went to the
captain with th< iggi I on thai pass
engen be told what boats to go into in
the event of an accident. The captain
said it wa try;, thai
not a company regulation, but ?hen
pressed he said he would take it up
with the chief steward. Nothing, how
. vi r -??? a ? done
"A lady who had tea with the cap
if n convoy could be ex
ptain replied the ihip
didn't nee?l one. I" .".over had oni
the Germans couldn't hit the Lusi
"There was gros- carelessness It is
an outrage winch ?-hould be fully in
There should have been a
convoy. Two destroyers could have
protected thi il pi i this crucal run.
The British government should have
furnished it, whether th? Cunard com?
evt re criticism on a'l
? told passengers
rould ' 'iik.
"\ Sireak of While on the Water."
I 'er P. Bernard, of London, said:
"I have been a sailor before the mast,
and know we were not making better
? ' ?' he time."
There can be no doubt -hat the dis
vas eaused b) s German torpedo,
bul tl I question iu why there
?hould havi i terrible los* of
Cap? and Caatle will
make an Ml .while
is questions which de
a well defined report
.i had ordi
take Ihe midcl snni ? irse, which
e Irish cos
.. - within eight miles of land, whcr#
had been torpedoed within
'he previous twenty-four hours. It it
known that four submarines, in all
kbility, were waiting for the Lusi
tania. They had been lurking there
lor three days.
.Ship (hanged Her Course.
The survivors agree that at noon on
the Lasitania made a sudden
turn in a great half circle, carrying \
her .'ar north from the course she had
been pursuing up to that time Pas
? i gers thought at the time the captain
teen a submarine or had been
wanted of 'he presence of one. Two
hours later the vessel ?a? I
' nsitania si nger- '
oui neighborhood absolut?
rotted, despite the warning issued by
iermany Embasey at Washington.
There was no patrol of any kind to
safeguard her. Exeept for th,e coait o4
Ireland, eight miles ?way. and one
pilot boat at an e?iual distance m the
opposite direction, the horuon was ab
l ..ntlnurd on page S. columa I i
HOW TWO NTAV YORKERS DIED.
Alfred Vandcrbilt when last seen had given his lifebelt to a
woman passenger and started, to obtain another. The ship sank
within a few second??
Lindon Bate.-, jr., after trying in vain to find some children
below decks, wearing his heavy clothes and carrying a chair as a
makeshift life preserver. Started for the stern of the ship just as
she went under.
CAPTAIN TURNER DECLARES HE
SAW PERISCOPE AND TORPEDO
' II; CaSI? to Tlie T-1
Queenstown. May 9.?Captain Turner asked The Tribune
correspondent this afternoon to say to the American people:
"I have heard that the Germans have already begun to spread
the story that the Lusitania was probably sunk by an infernal
machine from the inside Thi?s is absolutely untrue. I saw the
periscope of the submarine and saw the torpedo coming toward
us through the sea. I watched its course and followed its bub?
bling wake until it disappeared beneath our counter. You
might say I saw the torpedo strike the Lusitania, and the next
instant the explosion occurred."
SHOPS OF GERMAN'
Liverpool, May I.- The attack? upo
German shops, which began yesterd?)
wer? renewed to-night, a? the result o
the fury ?roused by the sinking of thi
Most of the rioter? ?vere women
many of them relative? of the ?ailor
of the Cunard Line. Several ?hop1
were wrecked and the content? pil?'d it
the streets and burned.
A larg? number of arrests were made
although so many police have .
'he army that tho Liverpool force if
now hardly able to cope with the out?
RAID GERMAN CLUB
Victoria, H C. May I. A crowd ?f
al hundred men and boy?, led by
soldier? in uniform, in retaliation for
the torpedoing of the Lasitaaia, raided
th'- Deutscher Verein, a German club,
and the Blanchard Hotel,
man management, here last night.
Lurr.iture whs dragged sat uf the
club and smashed, in the hotel mirrors
and cut glass wcte broken.
AT THE CALAMITY
Rome, May 10. Pope Benedict was
? deeply impressed by the sinking of the
taaia and requested Cardinal
?;a.parri, the Papal Secretary of State,
him have all the particulars in?
cident to the d.?aster. Hi? Holiness
expre??ed horror at the destruction of
the liner and sympathy with the
victims He =aid he hoped th? Ameri
c?n government would b? able to make
di?a??er? of the kind impossible in
The newspapers, without distinction
'? a? to politics, strongly criticise Ger?
man methods in the sinking of the,
Lusitania. Lven the "Osservatore R?
mano." which, although it 1? the VaGj j
car, organ, has not previously conceale.l '
. rman proclivities, joins in the
The "M?-??agcro" in its editorial to?
day declares the sinking of the Lusi?
tania "is worse than a battle lost for
B..II.I. w???t M?t?lt WM' U1? . N H
M ??at .? J"> *'? *? ?*? "*J ?*?-***
Frohman, Hubbard and His Wife in State=
rooms at End; Lindon Bates, Jr.,
Tried In Vain to Help Children.
AMERICAN DEAD NOW 108: TOTAL 1,145
Tinding of More Survivors Reduces Toll?Heroism
and Marvellous Escapes Described by
KNOWN SURVIVORS NOW 761
The reporting of additional survivors of the Lusitania,
who had gone to London without giving their names ?n
Queenstown, yesterday reduced the death total to 1,145. Of
these IOS are Americans. The known survivors now are 80
Americans, 407 other passengers and 274 of the crew.
Bodies recovered number 144, of which eighty-seven are
identified and fifty-seven unidentified. The identified bodies
comprise sixty-five passengers and twenty-two of the crew.
The injured include thirty passengers and seventeen of the
[By Cable to The Tribune.j
Queenstown, May 9.?"Please assume that persons not listed
as either survivors or identified are missing and almost certainly
dead. No news of Vanderbilt, Stone, Shields, Myers, Klein, Hub?
bard, Forman, Bates, nor of their bodies."
Wesley Frost, United States Consul at Cork, sent the above
dispatch to the State Department to-night after a day of investi?
gation at Queenstown. It is the death certificate for all the best
known Americans aboard the Lusitania.
Thomas Slidell, of New York, Oliver P. Barnard and a steward
all tell of the manner in which Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt m?t
his death. It was after the ship had been struck that the millionaire
appeared on deck. He stood for a time in front of the door of the
smoking room, perfectly calm. A heavy coat was wrapped about
him and he held a lady's jewel case in his hand. He seemed to be
waiting for some one.
Later the steward and Mr. Slidell both saw Mr. Vanderbilt
strip off a lifebelt which he was wearing and hand it ot a girl.
He helped her adjust it, smiled and went off in search of another.
The ship sank in a few seconds. He has not been seen since.
WILL BLOW UP
Predict Fate of Lusitania
Awaits Liner Carrying
From the same Gorman source which
predicted the sinking of the Lusitania.
word has been sent out that if Ger?
man plans do not miscarry the Anchor
l'ner Transylvania, which left this port
Friday afternoon with 876 passengers
aboard, will fall prey to a submarine.
The Transylvania is chartered by th?'
t'unard line and destined for Liver?
pool and Glassaw, A large proportion
of her cargo consista of contraband.
Among the liner's passengers are
many Americans and a large number
of Canadian and British reser
There are also twenty-three (anadian
nurses aboard, bound for the field
hospitals in the war zone.
Ihe report of the safe arrival of the
steamship New York, of the American
Line, in Liverpool yesterday was re
eeived with joy here by score
relatives and friends of American
passengers. Several hundred are said
to have escaped the fate of those
aboard the Lusitania by changing
their booking to in?' New York.
The local office of the French Line
yesterday received a cable message an?
nouncing the arrival in Bordeaux on
Saturday of the French liner 1.a
Touraine, which left New York on
The vessels now in the war zone are
'he St. Paul, of the American Line;
the Tusc.-inia, of the Anchor Line, and
the ?Noordam, of the Holland-America
Line, all bound for New York. The
Rotterdam, of the Holland-America
Line, bound for Rotterdam; the Anchor
liner Transylvania and the American
liner Philadelphia, both bound for
Liverpool, are the only steamships
headed at present for the war zone.
There was no apprehension in local
Herman circles about the safety of the
New York. It wti freely stated that
her American regiitry would insure
"Germany is not waging war upon
neutral -?hipping nd commerce," said
an official associated with the KaiMr'l
government in this country. "We are
conducting a bit'er and merciless naval
fight only against the ships of our foes.
ally those of (area: Britain, which
has paralyzed our commerce and is
making desperase efforts to starve Ger?
many into submission."
Local Germans declara that the
facility with which the Allies can ob?
tain unlimited suppliei of ammutii
(ontlnnrd oo page 3, colunut t
'?? "In my immediate vicinity, ?tanilinfc
at the port entrance to thi? grand sa?
loon, was Alfred G. Vanderbilt," said
Oliver P. Rernard. "!ip was the only
one of his family on board. He stood
there, the personification of ?portsman
like coolness, in his rieht hand w?j
grasped what looked to me like ? larg?
purple leather lady's jewel case. It m?y
haw? belonged to Lady Maekworth, a?
Vamlcrhilt had been much in the com?
pany of the Thomas party during tha
trip and evidently volunteered to Lady
Maekworth the .-?ervice of saving her
gems for her. Vanderbilt was abso?
lutely unperturbed, and in my eyes h?
wa? the figure of a gentleman waiting
unconcernedly for a train. H? had on
.-? dark, striped suit and wa? without
'cap or other head covering. I ?lid not
Mr. Slidell wa? 'itting in the smok?
ing room with Herbert Stone when th?
reeeired It? daath blow. They
rushed to the deck together, and thera
parted, Mr. Stone i/oinc upward,
while his companion went to a lower
Lindon Hate? ?ent the following
cable ' hi? Luner, la Nasa
? ore h? is
staying in the hop.' thai he may hear
thing of hi? broth?*, Lindon
for Relief in Hein 'im:
"Learn fross Pr. and Mr? W?r
ran Pearl tha'. they w? * with
Lindon during the last minutes. Lin
dofl ?rant down?! : the Pearl
children, came back, unsuccessful, ow?
ing probably to ?rater. He ??dvi?ed all
go to itera. H? had istk cha:r in
hand, heavy overcoat ami all ctothe?
Ion. Wase wa-h a? ^h ; tank carried
entangling r<>;i<-i Lindon apparently
? n again. He acted in ?stressai*
unselfish and covirageti-t w.-. ?
Huhhard? in Stateroom.
Mr Hern., !iub
bard and bis ?in their ?tate
room when the vessel wa? t-irpedoed,
and that Charles Frohman had been ill
I the way a n ?>.>d and
? seen after the fatai blow went
A hundred yard? from the water'?
"iy of the theatrical man
ii/i-r lits la n ban- rooss In an old
bu.ld.ng m ? town. His clothe?
are water soaked. The face? of th?
tiity-o<lii other dead bodies about him
are mar y of them distorted ami U
i ble. Charles Frohman smiles a little
! and his face is pe??*eful.
Isaac Jackson, of Paterson, H. J., de?
scribed the ?lirticulty experienced in th?
attempt? to get th?' boats of the Lusi
i tama out from the steamer, and also
, declared that when the people got into
i the boat? to ??? I rs or?
dered them out, telling them there was
"So we got out and ?tood 'talking and
waiting urit 1 the ?hip went down,"
?aid Mr Jackson. "I think that a? sh?
had (?u^e.i to heel over beyond ? cer?
tain point the officer? thought sh?
would keep afloat. She sank quit? sud?
denly. I wa? picked up by a lifeboat."
"There was a heavy fog early on Fri?
day morning." ?ai?) Robert Kanking, of
Washington. "I wa> awakened about
7 o'clock by the blowing of th? siren.
j The passenger? ?11 commented on it
I and said it wa? likely to attract a sub