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??HOWrJ-tS TO-D-?i; TO-MORROW
Mlfb, M| low ??>.
Full report no (Mae? S
1 \\Y_So. '2.5.140.
I? "!?? rliht. MIS.
B? The Irlliunr I a?r salina 1
First to Last?the Truth : News - Editorials - Advertisements
TUKSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, L015.
PRICE ONE ?CENT
In Ott nt ->>w Vork. -aiewsark. teeteri Clry a
I.l-MHIH'.I THO COTS.
JOHN D., JR., EATS
WITH MINERS ON
Starts Porson.il Investiga?
tion of Conditions in
Inspcf-* < ompanj! Momos and
jv^Ks \>. \. - I They Get Their
. - Worth.
? 20. John D
rtlee of the
mpftl y to
?kr ? '? ndloir
v,,.- - f hrr
R ?. Itneaa
rk hi .r-nps early
? ? s conditions
\'- ?? .-,<?rs
? w o rk '. 7? R
? .- IOf
lae at Rcr
u coal dust
? ? '
? party went to ,
Tiha< ? aj/ to visit
-.- feller In
? ; rovements
? I e Rocke
?he work being
.- very well, sir,"
? ??artcd and
' s?ns and
? ilz and
.. ? .- ?
l t.? Children.
r made a sprech
which he I
and obey their \
? 1 came to !
elf," con- |
? ? ?irnes
'. 0 .
asked the miners
: from the
?? f. I'arii?'
? ' inspection, Mr.
. . eted by
n p to repre
? ?th the of
i'iii. hii :
U 'i his face w.is
he two sat I
to.n - the mine office j
.p* twenty '
' ,ts of the
? 7he after- |
?"o?. ? ? Trinidad? !
? li and Iron :
- that the
.. M i.
g tbout it."
<*RS DRUMMONaO WAR LOSS
?u*infull> m, vhp Sanaa Hriti.h
led Almost to the LagL
20. Mn Held*
a'B ?'? ??"aturday
I* K* ? I pital into which her
7"^; 1rs. Mai nail Field,
her time to nura
?ill not be held
? , Marshall
ttELAND MAY BE CARDINAL
?icaa (,r,|r^ B?U that ( onalslory
^'11 He II. Id Soon.
??".:. L"** '-<-' l"!d another conmstory
vaeaa ** But 0Wink" t0
t?,??'" ?' red College the
in V?. .* C ' - again rumored
1915 CEREAL CROPS HUGE
Over Three Hillion Bushels of Wheat
in World1, Chief Countries Foreras!.
Washington. Sept. 20. Rig cereal
crops this year in nearly nil of the
worl?J*a chef agricultural counlrie? are
forecast la cable report? received at
the Department of Agriculture to-day
.rom the International Institute of
Agriculture at Rome.
The total 1916 production of cereals
in countries included in previous te
I ' -t?. r is Canada and Asiatic Russia,
are estimated nt: Wheat. 3,1S4,0<
bushel?-; r>f,, |,
089,000,000, and ob's. 8.449,000,000. The
1915 production of com in Italy, Rn
mama. Asiatic and European Russia.
Switzerland, United States and .lajmr.
is placed at 3.? bushel?.
H0KE SMITH STILL DRY
Prohibition Senator Denies "Moon?
shine" Made on His Farm.
: Fmir. TIm tvfl ajM Bon?? l
Washington, Sept. 20. "Send me a
bottle of that moonshine thi?y are mak?
ing; on your place, will you, Senatot ?"
All day long the telephone ?vire to
the residence of Senator Hoke Smith,
of Georgia, who as Governor signed
the statewide prohibition bill, hummed
with this and similar messages, as the
result of the story in the morning
papers that a still had been raided on
? 7-,ator's plantation, near Atlanta.
The story asserted that the still was
located within 800 yards of the Sen?
ator's houe?, and that whiskey had
been made ?n it withi;?. twenty-four
hours of the raid.
Senator Smith declared to-nijrht that
he had no residence at the place men
and thnt if a ?till wns found it
wai in a tract of virgin forest near.
"Some fellow? who wanted a drink
or a supply for the winter may have
up a little "till back in thnt
forest." the Senator admitted. "It's
pretty hard to get whiskey in that sec
Whereat his hearers recalled the
boast of Senator Martine at the Ihs*
session that he had bien served excel
???-?? Atlanta and h<?d bten
offered beer, "though," he ejaculated,
? \er touch that stuff."
BANDITS PADDLE SIX
MILES UNDER GROUND
Mine Floods Enable Them to
Escape Pursuing Bloodhounds.
[Bj T?>f?:-1 I? slat T-t?-ur.e. J,
Webb City, Mo., Sept. 20. On a raft '
100 feet underground two bandits, who
held up street car conductors early
yesterday morning, paddled to safety
through abandoned mine shafts. The
mines were flooded a few days ago
when a h.g levee along the river neai
by collapsed. The bandits floated for
six miles underground, climbed to the
Furface and fled.
The men, both masked, held up three
conductors near the car barns and got
-, money and watches. Blood?
hounds were put on the trail, which led
to the mouth of an abandoned mine.
Officers found traces of the men hav?
ing hastily constructed a raft. The
hounds picked up the trnil again at
the mouth of another shaft, but too
to overtake the men.
HE'S SPRY AS \ BOY AT 99
Faasaic Fatriarch Begins 100th Year
with Walk Around Block.
Passnic, N. J., Sept. 20. As clear of
mind and almost as spry as a boy,
Benjamin Franklin Kell, of 42 Ascen?
sion Strict. P.issaic's oldest resident,
celebrated to-day his ninety-ninth
Mr. Fell was born in London in lRlfi.
He came ?lone to America on a sail?
ing vessel at the age of ten. He he
c.-ime connected with the N'ew York
Central Railroad in Schenectady, and
before retiring was in the insurance
business in New York. He has lived
here retired for thirty ?.ears. Mr?.
he!! died many years apo.
Mr. Fell took his usual morning walk
to day, around the block on ?vhich he
"UNCLE JOE" FOR RESERVE
Ex-Speaker Wants 100.000 Men Drilled
Danville, 111., Sept. 20. Addressing
several hundred veterans of the Span?
ish-American War at a reunion yester?
day. Representative J. <",. Cannon advo?
cated a reserve army of 100,000 men,
to cost the nation 160,000,000 a year.
His plan is to send the first two-year
volunteers to camp for a month each
roar. These men then will go into the
first reserve and two years later into'
the third reserve.
The salary of the soldiers, the ex
Speaker proposed, should be $2.r>0 a
year. The only drilling would be dur?
ing the month at camp,
TO SECRET PRISON
British Seize von Bissing. (ier
man General's Brother.
London, Sept. 20. Raron von Bissing,
half-brother of General von Biasing,
(lerman Military Governor of Belgium l
and a naturalized British subject, has
been interned after fighting for months
for bis liberty. He was mysteriously
removed today from his luxurious
homa m Kensington by detectives, who
left a crowd of newspaper men on
guard over an empty shell.
It is reported that the Islington
workhouse will be the baron's domicile
during the rest of the war.
The internment of Baron von Bissing t
follows a long ?citation a-jainst
wealthy British subjects of German
birth An effect of this feeling mani
ftited itself in the r?sign?t
Brinco Louis of Battenberg M Pirat
Sea Lord of the Admiralty last Oc- ,
tober, and more recently in the case
?f Sir F.dgar Speyer. who resigned in
May as 1'rivy Councillor and came to.
tho Unit-ad Sutes.
The status of Baron von Bissing has
been the subject of debate on more
than one occasion in the British Par
liament It was suggested in one ?r
I?? ?jiee.jee.ona laat February that
liaron vofl Weeing had a residence at
Hove in Sussex, from which s,Knal
?| ng operations ?igt.? aaeHy be carried
Italian Volcanoes Active.
Paris Sept. 20. Multiple eruptions |
of th? Italian volcanoes are now occur
rin?- save a dispatch from Rome.
Vesuvius" JEtn? -','' S,r0mb01' "bVora'
active a phenomenon never before
reCN?orfedof the eruption?, however, ,a of j
character to cause alarm.
Iiow BOMBS FROM RAIDING ZEPPELINS WRECKED LONDON HOMES.
Bankers Object to R
cence of Financier
lesions between the Ar
French financial mission and
American bankers relative to the es
lishment of a credit for the Allie
this country of half a billion do!
or moro have carried the negotiat
only a short way forward, it
learned yesterday, ana fears are
ginning to be felt in the financial
trict that public interest in ?he i
posed loan is beginning: to wane.
No serious doubts are yet en
tained that the loan when it is
fered to the American people
be fully subscribed. The fear, a pro
nent banker Bald yesterday, is rat
that the enthusiasm over the patrii
undertaking that was aroused by Jai
J- Hill is tending toward an ai
climax because of the secrecy wh
has surroui :
In the beginning it was expected
appeal to the patriotism of Americ
investors in support of the loan, wh
was to protect the export tra?le of i
country, would have so ready a
that the securities would be
sur.'il of a fine market throughout t
United States. That would ma.?e th?
a highly liquid aaaet for hanks, \
cause in time <?f need they chv.
readily be converted into cash. Con?
quently the banks were generous
their proffers of aid. If the loan h
been offered a week ago the prospect
a Urge oversubscription, in the opini'
of many bankers, would have be?
.Might Fndanger Flotation.
With a let down of enthuslas
among the people, however, there wou
naturaily be a restriction of the ge
eral market for the bonds, and if the
were no oversubscription of niomei
doubt would arise as to the liquide
of the securitiee. hvrn ? prospect ?.
only a bare subscription would 1
enough to cause numerous withdrawn
of offen to subscribe. Such a bud
ward movement, it was said in th
financial district yesterday, m ig)
easily Rather momentum enough to er
?langer the flotation.
"There is no reason for all thi
mystery." said a banker. "It would b
far better if the whole thing WOT
brought out into the light of day." I
other quarters in the financial distric
the same attitude was taken, one finan
tier going so f**r ??** t0 a.y that th
loan flotation had more to apprehen,
from the action of its friends thai
from all the efforts of its enemies.
There will be a meeting of the nego
tiators to-morrow which may result il
etfecting a final arrangement, becausi
the realization is growing that pro
tracted discussions are having their ef
feet on public sentiment. So man?
times before, however, tentative plan!
have melted into thin air that thos?
who are in touch with the eonferree?
were cautious yesterday about making
Information Is Refused.
Basil N. Blackett, secretary of the
mission, seen at the biltmore last
night, answered all questions with the
statement: "There is absolutely noth?
ing to say."
Lord Eeading, the chairman, and the
other member? of the mission have
consistently kept to their apartments,
on the eighteenth floor of the hotel.
They see no visitors except bankers
who have appointments with them.
When one of them leaves the suite for
one of the mysterious conferences
"somewhere uptown" the departure 11
surrounded with ?vary precaution to
insure secrecy. At ail times the mem?
bers of the mission are insulated from
CoatUiueU ?a pa?iv I. eoluina 4
London Calm Under Night
Storm of German Bombs
Returning Liner Passengers Describe How Raiders Blew Bus
and Occupants to Pieces, Levelled Whole Blocks and
Strewed City with Fires -Deaths Estimated at 100.
The destruction which Zeppelin
wrought in London on their recent raid
was vast scores killed, a 'bus blow
to bits entering Trafalgar Square, S
Paul's narrowly missed and whol
blocks destroyed by fire.
All this was maiie clear by American
returning yesterday on three transat
?antic liners with the first uncensore
accounts of the events of September
The official reports were accurate i
stating that no public building cr mon
ument was touched. They were show
to be utterly misleading as to the grav
ity of the ?lamage done.
Put London took its Zeppelins calmly
While two of the great German aircraf
hovered above the city on the evenin?,
of the second visit, dropping deatl
and destruction everywhere, thi
residents thronged the streets, gazini
unperturbed and silent at the sigh
above their heada.
Narrow shafts of clear white ligh'
bit nervously through the darkn?".*;
the sky in places glowed dully with th?.
reflections of a dozen fires; spark;
sprayed from shrapnel as shells bursl
high in the air. Above all, two great
m Zeppelins, every detail made
pi;iin by ihe searchlights, drifted ovei
the city, hurling at regular, unhurried
intervals bombs that brought death tc
fifty persons and caused the destruction
?if millions of dollars' worth of prop?
That was the sight which did not par?
ticularly awe the Britishers, but which
made a never-to-be-forgotten impres?
sion upon passengers arriving hero
yesterday on the Holland-America
liner Rotterdam, the Cunarder Orduna
and the Philadelphia, of the Americun
'Hun Blown to Atoms.
If it was the intention of the Zep
pelin commanders to strike a blow that
would cripple London, they failed, per?
sons on the three steamships declared.
But lives of non-combatants were lost,
dwellings were destroyeii, and an entire
block of warehouses, within five min?
utes' walk of historic St. Paul's Church,
was wiped out by fire caused by one of
the Incendiary t.ombs.
A 'bus, well filled with passengers,
was entering Trafalgar Square just as
a bomb fell from one of the aircraft.
It went through the roof of the con?
veyance, exploded, and, before the eyes
of thousands of witnesses, the "bus dis?
appear? d as does a child's balloon when
pricked with a pin. FourW'en persons
were blown to atoms.
Wounded soldiers tossing on cots in
the Opthalmic Hospital were thrown to
the floor as a bomb fell within a few
feet of the building Fvery bit of glass
in the structure was broken. Two
other hospitals in the vicinity suffered
in the same manner.
Of the two raids that on the secon
tiiiht ?ras the moat destructive, it wa
I i It also swelled by thousands th
ranks of British troops. On a singl
thoroughfare Wood Street the proj
crty wiped out by the explosions an
the fire that followed was said by on
paaaenfer to ex'<?ed $10.000.000. oth?
fires broke out In widely separated se?
tions of the city.
Thomas W. Pelhsm, a Boston mei
chant, who came on the Rotterdam, wa
attending a performance at the Londo
Hippodrome when the first explosion 0
a bomb from the air was heard.
Two Blocks Wiped Oat.
"I walked into Trafalgar Square," h.
declared, "and there above my hen'
was the moet wonderful sight I eve
beheld. Yisi'tile 1:1 a blaze of criss
crossing shafts of light that seemed a:
though they might come from a gifran
tic diamond wee a monet?r Zeppelin. I
sailed smoothly and slowly, like a huge
stupid monet?r thai did not heed ?hi
j thunder and mar of anti-aircraft gunt
I that spurted shells toward if. frorr
l every part of the city. The commandai
teemed to be manotuvrlng for a posi?
tion. He liad not dropped a bomb."
The theatres were pouring theii
crowds into the streets and squares ol
the brightly lighted district. Men and
women in evening dress paused to gnz?
aloft. Some timid onee trampled each
other ei they icramBlfe 1 for tazieaba to
t'et out of the danger zone, but in the
remote section? of the city others
fought to engage conveyance? to take
them to the ?cone of the excitement.
The general attitude was one of indif?
ference and curiosity.
"Suddenly a live thing seemed to
hurtle from one of the cars beneath
the Zeppelin," continued Mr. Pelham.
"The object appeared like a dark streak
? the biasing Searchlight clare.
An inetant later there was a resound?
ing cra*h only a few blocks away. For
the n?xt thirty minutes bomb after
bomb was dropped. I learned later that
two entire city block? were wiped out."
Shortly afterward another Zeppelin
appeared, heedless of the hail of shrap?
nel directed at it.
??(?tie of those sizzling incendiary
bombe f?!l squarely upon a motor 'bus
entering the square," the Boston mer?
chant said. "Frmrments of the convey?
ance and passengers were found a block
Coudert (limbs Telegraph Pole.
Frederic R. Coudert, tha interna?
tional lawyer, was alee "ti the Holland
America liner and told of witnessing
the dazzling spectacle in the London
"I had dined with Sir Philip Rurne
Jor.es, the artist, who lives in Edgetrton
Terrace," be said. "I was returning
with m\ wife, -Alun we heard the first
two explosions. Mrs. Coudert and I
\ climbed a telegraph pole to a place of
vantage and watched the great Zep
! pelin with the searchlights trained
upon it. I gave a hand to a fellow who
?:ii> up beside us and found
it wa? Joseph Austen Chamberlain, son
of the late ' - idor.
"England hai not the type of air de
! fence gun that France has, or the air
| ship would have been destroyed in lit?
tle t.me. It was probably sailing at a
: height of 8,000 feet."
Other passengers said that th?
! throng that packed Trafalgar Square
remained calm. Some Americans said,
they had heard of the imperturbable
I calmness of the Rriton, but it had
( ..iitlnnetl en t,i?e?" I. column I
Katharine R. Davis
talks frankly to Tribune readers next Sunday on the
things that she has tried to accomplish as Commissioner
of Charities?many things which aren't generally known
but which are decidedly important to the citizen who
wants to understand the jobs of the officials whom he
helps to elect. Your newsdealer will see that you get it.
Tell him to-day.
t%\\t ?mt?aii ?ritmtu
Firmt to Last- The Truth: Sew* Editorials Advertisements
TO ESCAPE TRAP
Armies Grapple Around
Vilna as Germans' Loop
London, Sept. 20. Of the many big
battles fought on the eastern front
during the last five months, few, if any,
have been fraught with such impor?
tance for the opposing armies as that
now in progress to the east and south
of Vilna, where Field Marshal von Hin
denburg !s trying to cut off the retreat
and destroy the Russisn army which
defended that city.
Concern is expressed In London for
the safety of the Russian forces, esti
mateil at from 250,000 to 500,000. The
Russian line of retreat from the Vilna
region has been limited because of the
German encircling movement to a sin?
gle railroad route, through Lida, to the
southeast. Foreign military observers
mention the probability that one of the
greatest battles of the war in the east
will develop from the efforts of the
Russians to extricate themselves from
The German official report issued to?
day throws little light on the progress
of the operations, simply stating that
?the attack against the enemy retreat?
ing from Vilna is proceeding."
Petrograd is (ontident.
Petrograd continues to express con?
fidence in the ability of the Russians
to extricate themselves from the net
thrown around them. In the opinion of
military writers, they are in a danger?
ous position. It is quite likely, how?
ever, that they got their artillery away
before the ??ermann moved across the
railways, as the evacuation of Vilna
IVaS ,i?'??ule,l on weeka ago.
Prince Leopold of Bavaria is also ap?
proaching the railway to the southeast
of Lida, having reached the district of
rjrtortae, which is immediately west of,
the i"i'l skirting the I'ripet marshes
and running to Rovno. South of the
I'ripet the Russians still control the
situation and keep on harassing the
Auitro-German armies in Volhynia and
A dispatch lo a Petrograd newspaper
from Kiev contains a statement that :
the evacuation of this important city
of Southwestern Russia is "proceeding
In loutland von Hindenhurg has
made further advances toward Dvinsk.
The Russians have retreated from
Novo Alexandrovsk, twenty miles south?
west of Dvinsk, and att?-mpts to break
the invaders' front failed.
Hire Hope for Russians.
Undiminished confidence in high
military circles that the Raasiana will
make a successful retreat from Vilna
is reported by the Petrograd corre?
spondent of "The Times." The Ger?
mans, he says, are making desperate
|j to hag some of the remail
Russian armies, but the heaviest trans?
port trains and impedimenta are al?
ready beyond the ?Unger zone and
there is hope that the Russian forces
will extricate themselves.
It is important to bear in mind, the
correspomlent wires, that many meshes
in the German net are composed not of
infantry bat of comparatively weak
cavalry units which will be swamped
uni?--? quickly withdrawn.
Viewing the situation in the north?
ern sector of operations as a whole,1
the correspondent says: "It is note?
worthy that German cavalry seized
and cut the Vilna-Dvinsk line on the
12th, but though a whole week elapsed
we are stiil awaiting a decision, and
though communications are cut to the
Vilna group of forces the latter are
able to conduct operations without any '
appreciable lack of munitions, ?.hanks to
the enormous reserves carried by the
German army headquarters gav? out
Army group of Field Marshal ??on
Hindenburg: In the vicinity of the
bridgehead at Dvinsk the enemy
was forced to retreat from Novo
Alexandrovsk ?about twenty miles i
southwest of Dvinsk) to a position I
further to the rear. We took 6.-?0 ?
risoners. The enemy attempted to
reak through our lines at Orgon.
The attempt was repulsed.
The attack on the opposing forces
which are retreating from the dis?
trict of Vilna is proceeding further
to the south. Our troops are follow?
ing the retreating enemy. We
C-satlauetJ ea pm e I, columa I
GERMAN GUNS BEGIN
ATTACK ON SERBIANS;
BALKAN CRISIS GROWS
BRITAIN WONT REVOKE
"RAM U-BOAT" ORDER
London. Sept. 20.?"The Pall Mall
i.nze'te." commenting on the recent
stictrcstion of Ge-ttlle-h von Jaftow,
German Foreign Minister, that it
?night be -?ell for (.reat Britain to
revoke orders instructing shipmas?
ters to attack submarines ??hcne.er
"The British answer to such dip?
lomacy la quite plain. We have
beaten the submarine campaign and
??null be inde???l simple-mind???! to
gi?e it fresh facilities by laying
down the ??capons by ??hich it has
been r??n<lere?d impotent."
"The l.azette" contends that the
eaggeetioa is a derman trap, in?
tended, if (.reat Britain refuses to
accept it, to persuade Americans
I hat Herman? has been drhcn
Bgalaat her will to continue "the
infamous courses ?vith which her
na?al flag is idt-nti.'ied."
ON HESPERIAN CASE
Rt-rlin Says Mine. London Says
Torpedo, Sunk Liner.
Berlin, Sept. 20. The German Ad?
miralty is now certain that the Allan
Line steamer Hesperian was not de
? i by a German suhmnrine. All
derwater boats which were out at
'he time of the disaster have returned
to their bases, and it is stated that
none of them torpedoed the steamer.
On the contrary, it is said that the
Admiralty is convinced the disaster
was due to a floating non-German mine.
As confirmation of this it is pointed
out that a mine painted green and
white, and which it is declared was not
a German mine, was driven ashore a
few days ago on the coast of Ireland
in the same vicinity where the Hes?
perian was blown up.
London, Sept. 20.-With respect to
the German denial of responsibility for
the sinking of the Allan Line steamer
Hesperian, the British Official Press
Bureau has issued the following state?
"Undoubted proof exists that a Ger?
man submarine ?vas actually in the
locality where the Hesperian was at- I
tacked, and ships were sunk both to
the north and south of this spot on i
September 4 and 5. The explosion was j
of the typo caused by a torpedo. This |
is conclusively proved by a fair sized ?
fragment of a torpedo now in the pos?
session of the Admiralty, which was
picked up on board the ship before she
GIRL BAKER OF 14
GETS FRENCH CROSS
Honored by Poincare for Sup
plying Village with Bread.
Paris, Sept. 20. When Daniau. the
only baker in the village of Exodun. De?
partment of Deux-Sevres, was called to
the colors the village was without
bread. Then Madeleine Daniau. the
baker's daughter, a slight miss of four?
teen, lit the bakery furnace, and with
the help of her brother of ten tried to
make bread. After several failures she
succeeded to the satisfaction of the
villagers and surrounding farmers, and !
has been working now for many months
from 4 o'clock in the morning until |
late in the day baking bread.
President Bornear?; has written let?
ters to both children. He complimented
the girl on her good humor, courage
and industry and conferred on her the
Cross of Lorraine. He called the boy |
his "young friend" and assured him he
would grow up to be a valiant soldier.
SEEKS A LASTING PEACE
M. P. Say? Britain Wants to Free All
Paris, Sept. 20.- "We do not want a
premature, but a complete and listing
peace," said John Hodge, a member of
'he British Parliament, ut a meeting of
French socialists. "We do not want
conquests, but the liberation of all op?
"We are anxious to beat Germany by
voluntary service, but if the govern?
ment says we have had the last man
by the voluntary system and must now
have a conscription, then I say we'll
TO HONOR R0MAZZ0TTI
French Minister Will Name Newest
Submarine After Constructor.
Paris, Sept. 20. Victor Augagneur,
French Minister of Marine, will name
the newest model of French submarine
Romarzotti. after the naval construct?
or, who d.-ed last Saturday.
Romazzotti carried on and developed
the work began by .".ustave Zede, in?
ventor of the first French submarine
Dymnaote, who died la
Swedish Loan for Germany.
London, Sept. 20. In return for Ger?
man'? consent to permit the exporta?
tion of coal and somo other specified
items to Sweden, five Swedish banks,
according to the Copenhagen corre?
spondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Company, have agreed to make Ger?
many a loan of 40,000,0000 kroner
? about 110,000,000) to be used in pay?
ment for goods bought in Sweden by
Rome Observes Anniversary.
Bom?, Sept. 20.- King Victor Em?
manuel, who has been four month? at
the front with the Italian army, tele
graphed to-day to the Mayor of Rome
on th?* forty fifth ai on ?i siry of the
occupation of the city by Italian troop?,
saying that the soldiers of Italy were
inspired by thoughts of the pest to
complete the unity o? the iatherlsad,
Semendria, South <
See in Mobilization <
Macedonians Sign of
KING DENIES ANY PAC
Says Sofia Has Incurred M
Obligations, but London
London, Sept. 20.?The Germai
have sent men and guns again
Serbia. A!thou?h the effort to dri*?
the Russians back apparently r
quires lance forces of Teutons troo,
have been diverted from the Easter
front for a drive through the Ba
kans in an attempt to aid the han
The move seemingly has as ita o\
j?aet the winning of the strip of tei
ritory lyint? westward of the Dar
?be to the Budapest-Bel<gTade-S<
fia Adrianople-t onstantinople rai
way, which would give a direct, rout
from Hungary through Serbia an
Bulgaria to the Turks on the Galli
Meanwhile intense interest I
taken in the Bulgarian situation am
the efforts of the opposition to in
duce the King and government t>
depart from the paths of neutralit;
and join the Entente Powers. It I
believed, however, that, despita de
niais, the railway agreement witl
Turkey binds Bul-gana to malntaii
a benevolent neutrality toward T\ll
1 key and the Germanic powers.
Germans Shell Semendria.
The official German communie*
tion to-day announces that German
gunH have taken up the fiffht against
the Serbian artillery across the Dan-?
ube, and claims to have silenced it.
The statement says:
On the northern bank of the
Danube German artillery engaged
in battle Serbian positions south
of the river near Semendri?
l twenty-four miles southeast of
Belgrade). The enemy was driven
off, His artillery fire was sil?
The Austrian official statement savsi
Austro-Hunganan and German bat?
teries bombarded yesterday Serbian
positions on the southern banks of
the Bava an4 the Danube. The fort?
ress of Belgrade also was subjected
to our tire. Near the estuary of the
Drina our troops surprised and de?
stroyed Serbian advanced detach?
New Balkan Crisis Impends.
This is the first official announcement
of the presence of Germans on the
Serbian front. It has been reported
for several weeks that the Germana
and Austrian? were planning a new
campait*!? in the Balkans, with the ob?
ject of going to the assistance of the
Such a move would doubtless be dt.
roct.'i Brat a' Serbia, in an attempt to
foire a passage through that country
to the Bulgarian border. Turkey hav?
ing maiie promises of territorial con.
cessions to Bulgaria, it has been re?
ported that the latter nation would no!
oppose the Massage of German and
Austrian forces to the Turkish frontier.
The prediction has been made that thia
move would bring Rumania and Greece
into the war. These nations, as well
as BulgHria, called out additional
Aft?-r th?- failure of the Austrian
campaign in Serbia there ensued a long
fieriod of inactivity, hut during the
ast few weeks then- has been skirmish?
ing along the Serbian frontier. Pre?
mier Pachitch of Serbia waa quoted
last week as denying reports that the
Austrian* or Germans had assembled a
new army on the Danube front. Re
said that it would require at least
150,MB troops to attempt to fore? a
.-?? through the mountainous Ser?
bian country, and doubted whether
Germany would be able to spare the
[ men. There have been intimatiore
from other ouarters that forces might
he attached iron? the Russian front for
; this purpose.
Turks' Position Precarious.
Recent unofficial advices from Athena
represented the position of the Turks
on Gallipot! Peninsula as precarious.
owing to heavy losses and shortage of
:ial announcement was made ia
I Kngland in July that British forces, the
i strength tit v.hich was rot given, had
been sent to Serbia. A large British
torce, un?er command cf Rear Admiral
? Ernest Troubrd.e, according to unotB
jeiat advie-s f'tm Belgrade in June, has
? teen in Serb a since March. It ia also
! known th . ?.'. e Serbians are being as?
sisted in tre *Wd by the Firnen.
Dispatches 'rom Sofia, announcing
the mobilisation there of troops made
up of reside' ta of Macedonia, hav?
caused an th.-r complication to be in?
; t oilueed n the Balkan situation, which
already w s -nse. through the presen
I tation by U . Fntente Allies of the joint
note requiri'7 Bulgaria to define hot
(ailed Affront to AM*?*?.
The mobilization of Macedoniana
has caused surprise and indignation In
? Allied official and diplomatic circles,
as it is declared that the whole pur?
pose of the present negotiations be*?
tween the Allies and Bulgaria and Ssm
I bia it to d?termina whether Macedonia