Newspaper Page Text
IVau $ittfc iri?tnie.
lo Imat?the Truth: Nui Mlt?v?t.al'
nui' \. si 11 ?is
? .??e merchandise arfvertiaert
IBI M -?ni. absolate ??fot?? f?.r
-? , ; ion results In .n.? i aaa THE
. \l ??parantes* i<> ?-.i? v-ur nun?-?
No rt i lap?, no qaife*
. k?hhI pronptl) if ihe srl
i -er iK>;-s lint.
Germany's New Tone.
..7-cp it fur
rlin. In re
. .red to recognize the
d .ii without regard to
it of rep: [
In, it is plain, perceives that there
n .i in Washington. 11 rec
tan foreign policy lias
taken a new direction since the Arabic in?
cident. ( Benutorff, it -would
abl? to convince his gov?
ernment of the changed condition which
Am? * * opinion ha? produced.
It i ? ich to read into the
? a break with the I
If a] ? desire ?
?>e no more difficulty in reaching
er the other question? that
remain to be settled. If she doe.? not de?
sire a break there will be no more A
Bat it is worth remembering that the
spirit in Merlin did not show itself
until it was plain that Washington would
no more notes and that the American
no more d<
We 'Ha'! hear much now. if Germany is
d the virtue of.
?suasion. But the fact that can
i.ut be escaped is that it was not until Ger?
i that moral force and pa
lasion wee eliminated th.v Bhe
- ri present a surren
i. Germany is
??merican rights, she if
t" us whal was ours and what she
eep from us precisely
e is 1 - note.
The rea"! wonder must be whether, had
?ner that American
hip meant what il said, she would
The British Budget.
h was to be expected that the British
public would take the new war taxes with
what "The Manchester Guardian" calls
'Die burden?-' of
the war are colossal. To defeal Germany,
or even to force a draw with Germany, will
cost Great Britain an outlay at which the
?imagination even of a trained economist
shudders. But it will cost far more to be
defeated by Germany. Every fortune,
every industry, every income in the British
Isles would be impaired by (?erman tsuc
:m BUCCeas would threaten
hurt* indemnities, the lowering of British
credit and a disastrous ovenhadowing of
.- Britain as a factor in international
politics, commerce and finance.
The Ilriti?:i taxpayer Will pay cheerfully
because In paying he satisfies both patriot
?nd self-interest. It is cheaper for him
e than to withhold. Moreover, he has
the assurance that, great as the new tax
burdens are, they are clearly within the
es. They are relatively less
? d during the Na
The Chancellor of the Ex
er has had the courage to impose
. - amounting to $'>7f>,000,0()0?a
reaae on existing taxation.
He has also wisely provided for interest
? -.iarged debt and has
aet ? ? fund for its redemp?
These facts in themselves testify elo
tbe strength of Great Britain's
financia] position. She alone of the great
is involved in the war is doing some
meet Ki demands on a pay-as
Tl.e other powers are piling
The 1 : ;an Imperial Minister
r. Helfferich, admitted last
would not add
of the German taxpayer.
That me .i;?, obviously that Germany was
ling on the chance of securing war
; was pu- thought
:. reckoning with th debt situation
until after th? ? p the nation will
1 ? I '?? " ' Bpt The British tax
r into his pocket than
in taxpayer is. But the former
?hat even if
the ?ai laSta two yaari lon<*-pr !
? -nt will rievrr It- for. ? --lany's
will, to do
Gr.. :' -!.:ii.(),.
?? :?' :' I
.1 when t.;.
gins on April 1 m h deb? will
have risse to $11,001 I
int*. account loan? which may U* issued I
?, to ? m at ?it-..i Ai ril. By Uta end
lobl may riee to 120,01
fjOO.OOO Bui even *'
oad ran be borne, ami ?
charge? ?7, if t-roat Bl
the war with her *
? 1 of the :
i ? ? \
tria-llungary has. H mobili:
al resources to greater ? ;'
? j i 'her power has, and her fini
irai ce will tell in th?* end. perha
. b ac Germany'?? remarkable fe
rhe i an i ( A ? tin Flint wai i ?? i
efly by the notorious Th.
and associated in the mil
;i\ ?t.i?" ... ,
.inn.'.y hi. .
cauM of some censure and mur!:
M hi- services ur.doubte?
wajre r?n those occasions, it was not matt
as a psychiatrist, n'.ri still I?S8I as n p:
tal witness, that he won eminer
amone the medical worthies of his titi
vas first and foremost a ph;
and though his original research work w
?omewhat too technical to 1 e followed wi
much understanding by the multitude, >
i le familiar by the viol?
?attacks of the anti-viviaectionista, w
could not miss rhe opportunity I
disciple and follower ?if ("lau.le Kornard.
Bul it was not only in the field of e
? tal physiology that Flint was d
bed among hil fellows. His work
an original ii tigator was perhapt wh
ed ?"? St, and he had his reward
??cm of his colleagues, hut he ?J
much other work that was more readi
appreciated by the public. He was pi
fessor of physiology successively at ti
Buffalo Medical School, (he Xew Yo
the Xew Orleans Sehe
cine, the I d College Ho
pita! and at < nell University. For
igo he was appointed surgeon-ge
eral of this state, and many importai
offices were held by him in the y ai
followed. He was one of the foundei
of the I Hospital Medical Colleg
and the first prof?
Pr. Flint was a voluminous author, an
though the vast progress made in physio
gaged in research ha
put many of his earlier writings out c
: famous. It :
unfortunate that he should be thought c
by the populace merely a< one who by th
??mart lawyer was made t
s of an ignoran
a simple matter to condemn Bu
garia and Bulgarians for the course the
seem to have entered, which brings a ne
and real peril to the Allies. Hut
justice to ;? people who have had for th
try a real admiration and have
gratitude on many occasions (?r tl
ice thai Robert College has rendered 1
them compels a fair statement of thei
They owe their liberty originally t
?a, but once freed of the Turk it wa
:i which sought to hold them in
political servitude only less humiliatin
than the Osmanli rule. It was Russi
that procured the downfall of Alexandei
a brave and patriotic prince. It was a
the l?i host ' R a that Stambuloff wa
murdered, and h? was the greatest an
most patriotic of Balkan statesmen uni
the coming of the (?re?>k Vonizolos.
To Great Britain is chargeable the fac
that Macedonia was returned to the Turl
at Berlin and the Treaty of San Stefan?
which would have liberated and united th
Bulgar race set aside. France has at al
times been the champion of the Greeks
and Bulgar and Greek interest? are utterl;
At the close of the first Balkan wa;
Serbia declined to carry out her aeree
ment with Bulgaria and turn over to th?
Bulgare that portion of Macedonia whic!
had been assigned to Bulgaria by the Sei
ho-Bulgar ante-bellum agreement. Instea?
Serbia made an alliance wi'h (ire?
Rumania. In this situation Bulgaria
having endeavor? d to obtain Macedonia bj
idirect negotiations, finally yielded to k\U
trian suggestion and attacked her allies.
Meantime, the Czar had sought to pre?
vent this break, and finally telegraphed th?
Bulgarian Ferdinand demanding that he
submit to a peaceful settlement. Ferdi?
nand declined. Bulgar troops attacked
? and Serbia and were deft
Meanwhile thr Russian ( zar permitted
Rumania to attack Bulgaria in the rear,
As a result Bulgaria was overwhelmed.
\- Bucharest Russia assented to the divi?
sion of Bulgaria's conquests between
Greece and Serbia and to the seizure by
Rumania of Bulgarian lands 1 etween the
Danube and tie Black S?a.
To these losses Bulgaria has never been
reconciled. She now means to get lack a'.l
^he lust. But ?Serbia end Greece 1...
clined to grant all she asked and Rumania
ade no actual concession. T
on the other hand, bas ceded part of what
she took back at tin
If Bulgaria now casts ' er lot with Her?
ma-.y she may exped of Serbian
Macedonia. If Run;;. . ? ,
.any will give her Rui arabia
Compel her to rest'ire her s<? .
from Bu!.-. i recce win ha permitted
.?? ?Southern All ania
Italy, liians have
occupied ?'i the **Egean. She, too, will then
' ' ? ? red l?y
But if ( ? ami Rumania k? i p their
faith wit1 the war
a and the ?Central P0W( rs.
? ' ? Ilia will be fol?
lowed by tht i .-nt oi th? Bal*
advantage of Bui
Paria, wh . will be th of thi
Teutt nii . ?? a in the Balkans.
hand, if Bulgaria stayi
l the Allies win, Bsrbia will
. !?: . ?na and ? par'
of Dalmatia; Rumania will v I
Epirus and ? Minor.
If a | rtion of Macedonia s
?i he will
sht will have no chance to overtake them.
Ta?. ng a recent inju
? -.. ' illy unwar?
ranted concern for their future poinl
toward ? Bulgarian alignment with the
Centi Even if they wil
? come in a i German ?
l: . inople her
will be t" tr more ui satisf?
Finally, ill sn I ar is sn
?an by birth, he is naturally suscep
The war has actually resolved itself
acy of the
Near East. Th- - n of Constanti?
nople will be one of the greal factors in
the peace that ? reafter. If Bul?
garia enlists for the Kaiser the whole
melles campaign may prove a fail?
ure. unies?- the Allies can heat the Ger?
mans to the Golden ;: And such a
? would, (,n the whole, be advai
to the Bulgars, who owe no one any?
thing and has '? ? i i y rea! ri
all the Al
It is too soon to say Bulgaria is coming
in; her mobilization may be a final threat
to compel the granting of her demands.
But she must logically hope for Russian
defeat, for Serbian extinction, and if she
as German success i.t all probable
she will unhesitatingly elect for Hohenzol
lern against Romanoff.
City Dollars for Noodle Shops.
Why New York City should constantly
be assailed by its property owners as a
miserable, grasping tyrant, levying huge
taxe- and doing little for the payers of
?.hem. is bound to remain a deep, dark
?y. There never was a bigger piece
? ! open-hai ded, drunken-sailor brand of
.-ity than thi selection of the pri?
mary polling place- and the pa]
therefor. Mr. Ziegler, the new president
of the Honest Ballot A- point!
out that despite the law permitting the
schoolhouses only twelve of the
2,000 place, designated are schools. The
boot blacking e tablishments, a bin! store,
a couple of churches, tailor shops, laun
butcher shops, even a noodle shop.
The cost of all this to the city will be
about $126,000, Mr. Ziegler figures. How
little it could be made to cost could only
in toh) by a careful canvass of the city
erty which might have been used.
renl free, for the polling places, hi any
rate. New York, at a time when every dol?
lar in the treasury counts, is spending
thousands on thousands of dollars need
< ould anything be more generoui
or more wasteful?than this brand of
politics which extract: patronage from
every public funt ce a dollar can
A Brother Idiot.
"Yankee" is a name applied to Ameri?
cans altogether indiscriminately by <ut
landers, Captain von Papen had no [ar?
ticular section of the country in mind in
his flattering reference to the inhabitants
of the I'liiU-d Statt . though very i
?ibly he would exclude from his ca'
American sn birth or par
(i,taire who have been vociferating their
preference for the Fatherland. All the
of i**. North. South. Ea : and West,
may now consider ourselves welded into
:. homogeneous whole as "idiotic Yankees."
The term is not unmerited, though it
comes with poor grace from a diplomatic
truest of the country, if applied by on?' of
ourselves ?? would have been accepted ??s a
natural outburst of disesteem. There are
few of us who have not used on occa?
sion an equivalent or a stronger expres?
sion to characteriM the chaotic super?
ficiality of the American point of view,
some of our (at present) typical
products?our laws (not a few) written
ai d unwritten, our law enforcement, our
Strictly educational navy
and evangelistic diplomacy?mix them all
up into the sort of -goulash which the mind
of a foreign observer make- of them and
then seek an adjective with which to en
? pourri I laptain
von Papon's choice will s<-em rather mild
and fi iendly.
In return, thi . .?vider.ee of
his self-control, let Ul not be too hard upon
the captain. He, no doubt, believes in
blood as some of the n:vre representative
among us believe in grape juice. And
doubtless, too, he puts as much store by
intrigue hfl not to say
indiscreet utterances in black and white,
me of us have by watchful waiting.
. t! ough his weaknesses differ in
kind from ours, their degree is not dis?
similar, and we may acclaim him cordial?
ly as a brother idiot, while asking him
to go home or elsewhere because
he know u too well longer to mer
Mr. Ford, hsv-rif: visited for the first time
in his life a rea! lubmarins, remark*, "I do
net believe ?re net of war." Is that
why re pro] n of the Jit
Th? ? '- .- Ils the
i I .art "eowai
Btil of com raids <>n I.
Th? i . ? ? ?venus
sabwa; 1 ti?-??
I sish ??!??? i ? heald furnish li^ht
APPLES OF DISCORD
City ?and State at Cross Purpose?
Regardinff Fruit Prices.
To the 1 ' Th? Tribuna.
Sir: ? much anxiety in the frill I
eulai and in th?
general ovar 'he be
fi ? ... i ? . . ? . ere and
,i. ? i in the State of N?
the rtlal ioi - b<.it llayot
Mitchel'i commlsiloa f<?r lowering th?* eoel
?ii i.laeta, notably fraiti and vege
? i, for contornen and the Statt Dtpart
and Mu?'?..''-, ?which is now
I a itriti it nectinns of apples on thr
In orchards upttate In order to obtain
the higheat pricti potaiblt for growers. Tin
is in ehargt of John J. Dillon,
? ? rith a we? j news
ty for several years, und of
?, manager, Herbert ElBeraon.
( oniini---ioner Mill?n and Mr. Kmir-nn ?re
- their utmost to obtain the 1
price- possible for fruits, while ?he Mayor*!
comnltaion, beaded, I believe, by George W.
Perkins, wai organised for the primary pur
pott of obtaining farm products at the low*
? potaiblt price it could for consumer-?.
Thus wo tee city officiait arrayed against
officiait and state officials arrayed
tgaintt our municipal authorities, and all
the public seems to get out of the wholt Oglj
meil Is an Idea of what politirians will do t.?
project themaelvei into th? limelight when
i weak Mayoi . tl the head of affairs.
Municipal automobiles arc at their diapotal
: ehargt and little may be said at thi?
about the Mayor's food commission,
?inca it leemi to be taking a vacation. The
State Department ot Foods and Markets, how?
ever, la now bus?, inducing apple growers in
era New York and elaewhere to I '?
t'omnii--inner I?ill??n ami Mr. Emerson their
applet to auction. The first auction sale
held under the auapieet of the department
it I'ppcr Hod Hook on or about Septem?
ber 1. It was a failur?'. The highest bid for
ht bell applet ever seen in the Hudson River
Valley wai 13.16 a barrel. Some of the auc
tion official! told the owner, Mr. William
Teator, something that led the latter to bid
in the apples fot himself at if!.25 a barrel.
and ?lie fruit was sold some days afterwanl
to a commission mercnant for J3..10, or IT?
cents a barrel more than the State Depart
ment ?if Foods and Markets could get for
Lait week we had another object lesson of
' ommiasioner Dillon'? scheme of Balling
al lUd '<:? was tried and found want
Mr. Dillon's auction fold a car of jtat''
peaches on Tuesday at IT1-: to SO cents a
and ?Tt? tj peaches as high as M cents
iier. Another ear of six-basket carrier.
of Elbertai wai told al 67H to 70 cents;
l l-quati baskets of extra fanei Elbertai a'
::T'j cents an?! fancy Elbertai in 14-quart
basket, at 80 to So cents (mostly 82 H cent?)
These price-? wert considerably belo? thOIC
given for poaches of equal quality, site and
color a*, a private salt on th* d?
Now both the Mayor's food commlatlonen
? Btat? l' partment of 1-"???.?? 1.- and Mar
kits Sa\ that their object includet, among
o.thei things, the elimination of the middle?
man, or commission merchant, and I, in com
mon with many others, would be grateful if
Th? Tribune would point out how the middle*
. an be eliminated or either bureau i?'
ipeetcd while one is trying to negative the
v.'ik of the other. The city has nearly fifty
unsolved murders on its hands since John
. Mitchel became Mayor; his adminis?
tration has been tht most extravaganl ever
. in the hiatory of New fork un?l his
t. ???i supply commiation th?- greate I I o at
? " im. ii'" it t ?me I bat
the electorate of New York woke up and got
rid of mountebanka who are ) reying u]
credulity of the farmer, h'imbugging the con
? inner anil drawing large .salaries from the
citj iiinl state treasuries?
JOSEPH v.'. CAVAN'.
i York, Sept 20, 1916.
For the French Wounded.
i?> the Editor <?f The Tribune.
Sir: 1 crave the publicity of \<>ur valuable
to make an appeal to British women
and oui litten overseas.
Though many riritish worn? n are giving all
time ami money t<? running "ither their
? rivate hoapitals <?r public ?mes, we feel
'??ere ar?' -til! a great many women of
who. in spite of the many calls, wish
to co ' th their leal wealthy sisters
?porting a boapital specially known as
Britiah Worn? n ? Hoip tal, first unit
of which is for our French l
With the knowledge of .'mother ?vimer cam?
paign and some of the severest lighting of the
v ar still in front of the troopt, Wt '.el that
this is a particularly favorable moment for
b women to ihou theii ?yn p ithy for
' i- of Franca a*i?l. ai a 'oken of
nie at being spared the horrors of ih
vation, Off? r a worthy tribute to the French
government for its tick and wounded sol?
diers. We are appealing for ?50,000, of which
?25,000 ii to be ear*! es
for the complete unit of 2?0 be 1 ? for
France, the other ?2S.OO0 toward our secon?!
tor one of our other great Allies and a
convalescent hospital for our own soldiers.
We feel that the spirit of the gift is of as
much value as the gift itielf, and all con?
tributions will be ttios' grat? fully aeknowl
fiU'ed; but we know that our s?C'(,r< overseas,
for a ?-reu? object, ' .11 ?givt gladl) ti d freely.
Preiidenl Advisory Committee.
London, Sept 11. 191??.
For Civilization and Justice.
To the Editor of The Tribal
Sir: For weeks and months 1 have been
wishing to thank you for the good editorial?
?hat have be-r. so ftarltiily published from
; the beginning. ?
I have saved every paper and lent c?'.
to my friends. You are right for eivilizatior
and ju-tice. I only wish our Preiidenl
the spirit of our grandi I ? ind thought of
? - you i pa] ?
Well I '???.. hut
th? '!?? ? - .
hi should act agal
I -m.'.e wher. th? G? n U ] i that
i in three years ? ..>e the
Tribun? tditOT : | -?per. liu*.
t'arreachir.g, and I do r.o*. Ml why we
should rot be piotected tgaintt any -uch dan
Why are Q? tria:.- , arm?
here? WILLIAM JA? KSO.N.
itrooklyn, Sept. SO, : .
The Loan to the Allies.
To the E t tot ? I Th? Tril
?That the . : the Allies' l^an
? ?? true,
for Should, h<
in the count of this wai
take drat:.- ittpi a. Allies, he
would tind himself it. ?xward po?i
tion, Ht certainly eould r.?.? act like an in
Idependent man, knowing the Allies
?him $1,000,."?.i" ?i will ..\it security. This
le the real reason for trying
to -rrure this loan to tie up 1'ncle Sam.
York. Beat 1". 1911 KKA?ER.
"I AM-FOR TOLERATING HIM!"
THE SITUATION IN MEXICO
President Wilson Censured for Aid?
ing in Brin-srin-g on Chaos.
To th? Editor of Thi? Tribune.
Sir: I'.y al! tlip indications in the press
Pr< ident Wilson is going to recognize Gen?
eral Carranxa as President of Mexico. This
is the fruition of three years of "watchful
waiting" or by whatever terms the Wilson
policy or lark of policy may he identified. It
has not been an inert policy st all times.
Som? of its features have been strikingly ag
... The prompt refusal to recognize
ilif-itu given by .'resilient Wilson's Inaugural
?ras a most aggressive act. It destroyed the
government of .Mexico. It did it by anniliilat
xicu's financial credit. Diaz left $*53,
.,000 in the treasury. Madero and his
"patriots" dissipated it. Huerta found the
treasury empty, lie could only maintain his'
government by borrowing, a.? governments do
the world over; as England and France are
Irving to do to-dsy. These expect to borrow
?, billion dollars on pure credit. Destroy that
crebt ami where would they be?
That, la precisely what President Wilson's
stat ?d refusal to recognize Huerta did to
Ordinarily non-recognition is not so vital
a ma'ter. It is the Monroe Doctrine that
make*-, the dUTereaee. N'o matter what other
governments recognized his government,
Huerta could borrow no money unless the
United States said, by recognizing him. that
his g. veniment was the government of Mex?
ico, which as a matter of fact it actually was.
Bends of savage bandits masquerading a?
"Constin tionalistas" and using Cajrransa's
name as a stalking horse were all that dis?
puted the reality of the Huerta go\>rnment.
it Had behind it r.ll .the substantial people,
all the intelligent people, of M.-xico. Th?.se are
BOW murdered, or exileti. and their properties,
most of them with titles tnree hundred or
morn years old, have oeen confiscated by
?hieves, road agents and other crooks.
While by non-recognition President Wilson
hamstrung the ?Tovernment of Mexico, he
aided every band of outlaws by letting them
supply them -i-lves w ?th arms which they paid
for by looting banks, stores and mines, and
by every shocking form of extortion, cheating
and robbery. Their "governments" did not
have to borrow money. At the start-off their
"bluff" went with the American press and
peop! -, hit the records in Washington now
fullj -how that Carranza, Villa, Zapata and
their ?Ik, while pretending to set up patriotic
governments, ??ere merely looters and bandits
or "blinds" for looters and bandits. This is
lally true of Carranza, whoso army
never fought even a skirmish.
The bandit bands who gave him pret.*n.le.l
auegiar.ee kept up the farce till he wanted
?he larger part of the loot taken by Villa and
? ? era.
they rebelled and headed "liberating
'heir own. Zapata, for example,
egiar.ee to Madero and then
to Carranza, h-jt never ceased fighting against
ss he has fought against every
???.rongest man, Obregon, a
leaiie-* of wild Yaqui Indians, now "feels his
oats," snd will ?urely rebel the moment Cnr
ihould attempt to maintain anything
lik? an orderly government ?vith tafeetiva
court? to pass on confiscations and other mat
ring with loot, .^o with all the
other It ?H<>r?.
There i? not character and intelligence
left II Mexico to-day to form a stable
.lent. Her people are prostrate, starv?
ing Fifteen millions of them are at the
mere?.- I savages.
?The land question, which was to be solved
by "Constitutional" successes chaos, I'rbino
was mur.??re.? !<y Villa the other day for not
paying over .. ?hare of the product of no
less tl - - aciendas he had confiscated
dial SI | doubtless forty
cos," each of whom owned "too much
I .1 me?? Is wholly of President
? .'ion. He hax had control in his
htaTiii? from 'he ciay he took office.
He aleas put out Huerta, who at least could
have preserved order, and failed to replsce
him with uny'h-ng better than the "hope that
her leaders of concert and energy" would in
?ome way straighten matter? out. Nothing
of the kind bas occurred. Only chaos, de
?truetion, rnpine, murder, fire and bligh' ha'
replaced the prosperity founded by Diaz.
The government of Huerta was "found?
upon force." and Presiden! Wilson itated "tl
l'nite.1 States will not recognize or deal wit
such pretended governments." Now the re
ognition of the weak and cruel Carranca wl
have only the possible merit of consistcne
Carranaa certainly bus n<W fore? ; no for?
to control his outlaw chiefs and their sava-i
followers; no force to preserve any sen
blance of order; no force to accomplish an.\
thing but uncontrolled horrors. Yea, on
thing if Carranza is reeogaised he cat
beyond doubt, tot up a government of "watel
ful waiting." CASSIUS K. GILLETTE.
Philadelphia. <-v?. 1H, 1915,
More Anserine Activities.
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
8ir? May I be allowed to re-echo in you
rolumns the warning cries of the sacre
goose at the Capitol, who has again becom
vocable, this time not against the treason o
military preparedness being hatched out a
the Plattsburg camp, but against a subtle
enemy in civilian clothes, the American re
In their endeavor to penetrate the mist
which have been hanging over Washington fo
months past, and which still show no sign o
lifting, these gentlemen have been "hound
ing" ? sic) our trusted friend, Count voi
Bernstorff, pursuing him up Fifth Avenue il
"three taxicabs," scarcely allowing him tim
m to ??raw another S?.OOO check for th
good of our cause nor to hold further confer
onces with his coadjutor, Dr. Dumba. Patheti
sight, to which the movies alone could do jus
"The Department of State," we are given t<
understand, "has communicated its feeling'
on the subject to more than one ncwspapei
otlice." To what peril have we been brough
by this eager learch for one gleam of as
sured truth through the mystifications of i
"That keeps the word of promise to our cai
And breaks it to our hop.'"!
But the real responsibility for the trial.?
and tribulations of Count von RernstorfT. i1
we may believe the aforesaid sapient bird
lies not in the shiftings and shuinings of Ger?
man diplomacy but in the "license of th?
press"! "Diplomats never luffei from it
when itatioaed tlatwhare." "Klsewhere"
happy thought in connection with Count von
Hernstorff! Yet if he mu.-t remain with u>
and be pursued by BOWtpaptr men I suggest
that a couple of columns from "The New
York Evening Post" be read to them, which
will either narcoti'e them or put them tc
.?pe<"iy flight ?; i. STOWELL
Dorset. Yt.. Sept. 17. 1915.
To the Editor of The Tribgne.
Sir: One of your friends asks what is
"ta be tage."
Will, "sabotage" is a French won) which
i ot only designates the manufacture of
".?;?!,ots," wooden shoes, but is also used for
an operation consisting in gaihing obliquely
?he wooden ties of the railroads to fix in
them the chairs for the rails.
This settled, let me ad?i that, some years
Lge, not far from Paris ami in the time of
?trike? fomented by (?erman agitators,
? i -v men had worked to repair a railroad,
when an inspector ?liseovered that most of
the chair> were tixed in such a way that
inevitably any tram coming along would be
(verturne?! in the trenches,
"Quel sabotage!" .What a sabotage! I
???as the exclamation of the inspector, who,
running ahead of the fust train, flag in
hand, managed to stop it just in the nick
< f time.
I o the justice, the gendarmes, reporter?,
in fact, every one who afterward ??uestioned
him, the inspector, throwing his? arms above
I is head, would Irai .claim, "Quel sahot
agtl Quel Ami the next day
The French press adopted the word "sabot
nge" as meaning a mi ckitvoui and elimina!
H? fore that the word "sabot," taken "au
tigure," got itiFrench a bad repute. It sig
niliei a poor instrument of music, a bad
hTiiard cue, In general everything which ia
no good. To sleep as a "sabot" means as
sound as t brute.
IIKNRI DK LAFITOLE.
New York, Sept. 1??, 1?15.
WHAT IS PREPAREDNESS'
One More Discussion of the Subject
That Never Gets Beyond Talk,
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: We are frequently told that art ?114
literature rest on sentiment; yet art ana*
literature must have stronger foundation?
than this or they will not accompli?h muth.
The development of painting, for example,
does not rest solely on idea*? which an arti?!
will have, but men with analytical snd tcier.?
tifie minds have to develop ra'nf-1 betete a.i
artist can paint prop ' we look at
the matter closely the chemical propertiea ?(
material-, in relation to the art of psintint*
are very important, and many artists are im?
posed upon by having poor paint ?old then:
thus, if they pnint in oils their painting mar
soon become yellow by the use of sn inferior
puint, or the canvas on which they paint nur
.tear or rot for the same reason; or if they
paint in watercolors these colors may wa*k
or turn out streaky if the busiasss man whs
old the artist the paint and the manufact?
urer., who made the paint simply had baii*
ress in mind and said to themselves: "There ii
a big demand for paints and we can sell si*
n ost anything."
Now, I hold that both in war and pese? a
nation can be imposed upon in the same way;
thinking and principles must be back of all
the affairs of that nation if thai nation il to
develop properly. It may seen sn onaenti
mental thing to say that science is ?t *?
bottom of ?! hut il "
rery highest science where things that art
better succeed things which are inferior. W?
cannot set asid?- the lessons .?inch h-.atsry
lias taafht as, sad ?? ',UMt typH
of war machines used during a war btcoat
standardized after that war, and that man?
old invention?? found to be outfWWS art
thrown aside. So when we And the questies
raised, "What Is ?rtpai :' vrtr
and it a very large qui ition, and w? cs"ot
discuss the question with truth, candor an*
confidence if we start out with the u??s
tion that wealth needs no defence, and " ?
nation says "I follow the laws of humsnitj
it must have the power to enforce ?ess
laws, and most of the Christian nation? ja
?his power to some extent, and we have
well told that none but a government tn?x
competent to back up its decision bj'lent.
When force is needed, ear, remain ?sie 1
world where, st times, asraults will ?????*.
gavages sometime? ret,.-; against saaj
?troy people who tell them of their las"
One man often starts trouble wits s no?
man by saying ?ha- he ought not to w*
One nation should not call another as?
low lived as a nation, out if there are y*y
pje ta be critic.sed in this nation these pevp
should be criticised and not the natica m
whole. One man can repudiate the ?c" '
Of another man. and ? ?? w ??,
. :, of a nation are wrong ? *?JT
rher? they are wrong, bat we !*h0?1"
careful how we make a swee*??Bg coD?.em
tion of a msss of peo| ?ftf
Governments, si ' "'uf' tk?i
more to do with hum "'^'aeea?
they formerly did; yet Greek snd ?"T,
principles still rule man) of the ?"%
life, and the G re. '^"'llttt
"Every law not based on wisdom '?*?**
to the .-t?te." While *ho "'
Mated force, said: "V. ?'? "'*,.??]
?ntil just law* are defied." 1'rudence ?u
nee to make laws because there ???.,,
wtreeable and formidable '""????.* H
world which would work against civili?-?
if these laws did not SI M ,?
It Is commendable for men <>?* influf" ,?4
exert their influence in favor of sens ?
ere may criticise but he can *??'' "V,,
-und a man who says: "My wealth iir s
srorld, and I lay it at the feet of "' ?tl
unprotected." Yet if he doc?, this tu?
to the world may not be a moral beM"**
He who give? us certain "'form*t'"J#r ?f
be our teacher, but not to us a M ?
morals; yet we can hardly look at ?
immoral teacher? who stud) out tD'*.,,,
tion how to be prepared for war, for ? h|(ij?,
can be found in a combination ol w?*
which inspire men to action . ?
So I hold that it is not '?T,m0?' ' (.s
nation to study upon the qseatteSI
we be prepared for "^^ M 0Bl*
Chicago, Sept. 18. 1915.