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Ml>KR4?n. fair AMI ( 'II ur.R.
Y?.*.'tl?4 ? Trmparaturra:
?i-.ii. iti i.???, n.
Full rrpor? ??n F?se S.
First to Last- the Truth : Kews - Editorials - Advertisements
?ol. LXXV.. So. 23.181
? ..|.4 rl.lit. IBIS,
B] "i ii- I ' Ibun? ????"" i.tl? n
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1915.
PRICE ONE (FAT
N-wpsrt? .trrnr: f I?, nnrl ?toi,?la?.
In < Itj nf S's 1 rk ^^^^^
ClJiRH III Kl TH?? ? 1 *?T'
IN BOMB PLOT;
Prominent Men Mead
NAMED BY FLYNN
Boy-Ed ind Von Papen
Were in Secret, lient.
The Gorman plot to 1 ??*??. up ships
. k harbor was fur?
ther nie -srecl yesterday. Pr. Ed
vsrd K-.- .. le, or* 41 Park Place, ?ral
l.eld II UM Males Court in
125,000 or. a chargS of conspiracy. At
?ht MB html w&s bejrun for
a asa ??' Service
Bre'it',77-- i? not under arrest.
Sn? ritiea refuse to
'.ir,t United States
pill i 111 Ai ' * ? ;?' Knox said the
have bean fieen
oat; that tl a fOl taking action
in his case ha?l not arrived.
Though ! tity is not
.??,- ths | he is not
name is g B ihert Fay,
ind ?ho haa readily, not to say
Mgerl]. sing in the em
? man army ha? lia in
feet, and I
?rary to the customary practice
? . of the : i he claims
!.M -, a pris
? n police ?___?
? veil Max
Nf. Breil raining and
_hippil .*. i ? is at 11
at the St.
paari the name ol a Max Breitling,
Edward N. Br?l ? own
fee Its Gel thlei H. was
tk? o? i ? . . tjje
Fs*. Tells s4 Meet lag Un nun*
Fav ? Max
' ?- ? Toril res
feaisal I th? pris?
er.r !? -
"was to put i ritb perseas
? lag of
?v [..:.- ? ,, ff/ -. | i
?ho??, ii rj i result in other ur
_?'.?. bi : .. ng ti -. m th G is Seal!,
Fifth i-.; . ? oner,
*ho Ii iinis
uon.r Scull h* would Bet
tt*J*a\ ?-.??. i ;
llasxJ? The other.,
mi Psa . all of whom are
tion, decla the (.nly
-tr.or.? ; iracy. Fay
to*? fun hat < a. taifl Boy
tJ sad Capt if ti.?- <><-r
a>?n En ned him not to
fasten his boi to any vessel in
Wil -, rhirf of the United
S*-**-?.? S? !:_..le the com
--an' ? Ths affidavit
Matain? Plrnn ?*x
Haining , .._ all the mat
**t in I - eaalon now would be
Seeking ? :< ? to Mea "Higher Up."
In ?M ? ? | .per. and
nab pa to have basa se*
?-t*d b] ths police were
Pias ? lay. A-Boaa the
era ll nothing to
supposed man or
'?;. sad ths more important
? ?. i denied thai
IBj r* ad oomba to any
,a'.i, ? ? making teatl Scholz
**-d he hi a bomb to a ?hip
?JMt to M* row qaickly it could be
?*?? but that bomb, he said, was
ihs an-?-.? of Kien_le ?a? the las'
ma? yeate?lay. mn? v?a_ effected by
??he* Capta.n'Tunni-y aad Detectives
?arphy at... Col He was takon t.ef??re
j-toted Su r Huuphton,
-a the 1. liag, and charged
2* viola- ? the United
'?at '??.?.,. ? vr w;'h
ion of th?
'?*c . ? . -prise or by
*?* any ,- to anotner,
*?? sn intent unlawfully to
J*rearner ? uneys, goods
5 _srehandi-t laden on board thereof,
?*ii be : .. ?ol mors thaa J?.ooo
T* he ift.i?: ct id to ti.pt.-or.ment >x
"is charged th_t "on or abovt Au
J" 11" ai d _*.r K ?I ill an '
JJ* SSBapired to volate this act.
Ill* ''*"* complaint avers, paid
g *?*> Va? Ssrbi, h Qerasaa eases*
i ?__B _*' a?ilad Btatei sad s__s Ii
!*?*??-__?,,::? witness Fay, it is ai
f**?? P?,?i ... ,n?. to
?IB if'"1 ,(J 'he PUrfl ???*-'
ii? r ?
IHj*l'' o? '' *' con ; ? .. I a- twie* ?p
^'??i'-d undervaluation of in
^??i siocks from Germany
. Held in 125.000 BalL
?aL?. "f1' w" he!d lr> 125,000 bail
?*?H trial on No*.eiTib_r 4.
toi ?ei rM m,n in lh? Weehawken
*** eome ??; for examination on
Os*u_ _*, M
tM??< s. ?_.__>? 8
WHY THEY WILL VOTE
FOR SI II TRAGE
The folhtrinrj rtatrmrnt in hthnlf of th* anfragt nmend
ment mm given nut ta this eitm settsrt
On Tuesday. November 2. the lea^ally qualifier! voters of New York
will decide whether or not the constitution of the state is to be so
char,,?*.: as to allow women to vote on the same terms as men.
The questions arc essentially those which have arisen whenever
suffrage has been granted to any group of people The world has tried
various forms of exclusive government for a long time, and is trying
some of them still, but the march is rapid toward universal freedom
and toward the participation in government of all intelligent adults.
In the United States that belief in liberty has always been strong, and
It is stronger to-day than ever before.
The emancipation of women is feared by some because they think
it threatens the home and those virtues which centre around it. When
woman asks the vote she merely asks to keep up with her own work
after it has left the house and gone into the community. She gladly
admits that her place is in the home, and adds that the home is every?
In twelve American states women have been voting for periods
ranging from one to forty-six years. Everywhere the g:in has been
appreciable. The opinion of en'ightened business men, statesmen, edi?
tors and careful women is overwhelming. And in foreign countries, in
many of which the experiment has been fully tried, there is the 6ame
preponderance of opinion. No homes are broken up, no reckless legis?
lation is passed, no women desert cradles in order to become poli?
ticians. But, on the other hand, there is a general toning up and liberali?
zation of life, an improvement in women themselves and a distinct gain
in legislation along such lines as especially affect children, women in
industry, morals and municipal efficiency.
We, the signers of this statement, declaring our intention to vote
for the amendment, belong to various political parties, but we are
united in our desire to have our state true to the fundamental principles
of democracy. We believe that a people is greater when it follows
gladly and bravely its underlying convictions than when its political
life is inertia and causeless timidity. We believe it is b.ad for a
democracy to put a check on the aspirations of a large portion of its
citizens. We believe that women should vote, and that the community
will derive an appreciable advantage when they do vote.
JACOB GOULD SCHUKMAN SAMUEL UNTERMYER
ADOLPH LEW?SOHN FREDERICK M. DAVENPORT
HERBERT PARSONS DUDLEY FIELD MALONE
CHARLES L. GUY NORMAN HAPOOOD
WM. A. PRENDERGAST WILLIAM G. WILLCOX
JOHN MITCHELL SAMUEL M'CUNE LINDSAY
EGBURT E. WOODBURY JAMES LEES LAIDLAW
JOHN K. SAGUE OGDEN M. REID
ROBERT ADAMSON FREDERIC C. HOWE
Suffrage Has Lead
in Plattsburg Poll
Northern Part of State Proves Conservative in Spirit,
but 82 Vote for Women, 73 Against
and 35 Are Undecided.
'Fr^rn . Ruff CTrraaprnil.nt of The Tribune.]
Plattsburg. N. Y., Oct. 25- Here ir
?a Democratic town, situate?] in Clintor
v, a Republican stronghold, th?
sentimr-'nt on the woman suffrage ques
tion Bmor.ir the voters appear? to b?
pretty evenly divided, with the pros
some?vr|i\t in the lead.
Th" Hirers of 190 men were obtained
in 'he amendment were sight?/
two; opposed to it and confident that
the'.r vote wOald help defeat ?vornan
? the cominir election were
v-thiee. Thirty-five declared
'!..*,- Y;i.i t.ot given the matter full con
-. ii ration and could register no de?
A l?rice part of I'lattsburg's male
population is found in the barrack? at
the armv post. With few exceptions
the ?oldier? arc temporarily disfran?
chised. There are no factories of any
size here. The city is on the shore of
I.ako ChaUaplaia, and on the north,
?roa! and south is boun?i?'ii by farming
etS, It is the onlv business cen
tie in an crea of several square miles
At election? in former years tas rag -
?<*r..l vote has been between ",000 and
A straw vote is a noveltv to Platts
bars. eltiasai arho sppoai to be con?
servativa. They hositats to commit
thenselves ia writing, even to the ex
?pi.iikitur a cross OB a blank vot
o .-(une refuse to let it be
known that thev are actually point* to
4<ite at t!i<- ?lection. The proportion?
ally larga number recorded as undecid
?d is perhaps accounted for in that
way. In other cities canvassed tas
voters ?ver? more prompt in announc?
ing their attitude on suffrage.
! ? ? . ? -goiag" Plattaburg voter
i? decidedly conservative. He ..? likely
7o reset.t SB invitation to mark a stra4v
ballot on a political question as an in
tmsiofl upon his rights. Of several
hundred vo'ir.g slips distributed on
Saturday Bight among thi men in the
audience at sfofcfl Mathews's Colonial
Theatre, in Bridge Street, the largest
motion j.:? ture house in town, iess than
a hondred were returned with Cl
?n ths ? o::-ig columns.
Th.- total returns from the Colonial
arars sixty-eight 01 that number
thirty-eight favored .?'''man saffrage,
fourteen were opposed and six! -en un
ed. The majority of the men
lither threw th?:r ballots on t'.e floor
or carefull] folded them sad tucked
th< m in their pockets for perusal at
Doiflg things in a hurry is not
th?- Plattsbarg stay.
In ths sadience were manv IJnitsd
States infantrymen from the local tost.
They ?vers bo! registered voters..
others were farmers '.f French-Cana?
dian extraction, in town with their
families for the next week's supply of
groceries. To them the question of
?BOBIBB suffrage ?vas as absorbing a
topic a? a discussion at Harvard on
OB would be to n ilot
. . .
(?iris Obtain Straw Vote?.
It was only wh'-n three pret'.v high
School siria, win? art as ushers at the
: i i heatre, blocked the exit? Bad
???.I departing voters to mark
ballot! thai .1?.-. results Brers obtained.
'1 he majority returned in favor of
'?age may have bd-n partly
Influenced by the eoflsellaeaa of the
In contrast to the result of the bal?
lot among the men attending the mo
Continued on pua? fl. column t
FLYING ACID BURNS
Buckets Plunge 18 Stories o
H. tr'.'tr.ih to The Trf
Chicago, <?ct. __. Four buckets <
burnitig acid plunged from the eigh'
eenth floor of the North America
Building at noon to-day on a crow
of shoppers, injuring three person
seriousiy and burning a dozer, other:
Cleaner., were working on a scaffold
inp on the eighteenth story of th
building when a gust of wind scrape
it against the walls, releasing the iou
buckets, which contained a strong solu
tiofl of anmonia and lye.
as brehy, mother of I)i
Allen J. Hruby, a prominent phy.si
c?an, was itracs h\ one of the buek?-t
and was internally lajared sad serl
SI?S was tak.'ii to th
Iri.q . i ..' Beapital, where i
was said she would probably die.
Vn'.i. k.i.an nigh, slastsea, had hi
skull frac'.uied by a bucKet and *r
severely barasd by the acid. His con
dition is serious.
Karly !.. Knglish, J. F. Jangman, Car
Holmes and H A O'Hrien wete al
severely ba?ad, and right or t?r
others, all *ora,-n, were sliglitly b .nin.
by the flying seid
WIVES TO BREAK STRIKE
Women from Home* of Kubber Co.'s
nfli. I..U Take (.Iris' Places.
Trenton. N J. Oct. th. W.
als of the Bases R
t ompaay, !e?i by Mr?. Charlea H. ''a_
ley, abosa lu hand is president and
manager, reported for work at " a. rn.
today at th? factory, in an effort to
break a strike brought on by thirty-five
girl employes for more sanitary work?
ing conditions. The women worked all
day up to 6 p. m. and said that they
would continue to-morrow and there?
after until the stnk* was broken.
MALLORY LINER, AFIRE,
ABANDONED AT SEA
Colorado Burns Off Cape Ro?
Charleston, S C. Oct. M, The Mal
lory liner Colorado, which sailed from
< bsrlestOfl last night with cotton for
New York, caught fire and wua aban?
doned, according to a wireles! menage
received here to-aay from the steame.
The Suwar.ee reported the burning
vessel had been sighted off Cape P.o
ma:n, thirty miles north of here, and
that a steamer had rescued the crew.
The Colarade carried no passengers.
Ba?raaaah, Oct. ?.!".. The cr?w of the
Mallorj . ner ( i ...ta1.. Ii ?.?,:?. .
the Clydi or 1 sape, wbicl . off l
moutb of the Sbvbbbbb Blear, accord?
ing t?. a irtrwlees moessge received
The Colorado, a twin-screw steamer,
306 feet in length, waa built at Chester
In i-7'i Sha 1- osvaod by it..- M.?ory
.si; p ( ompeay and is legislered
in -New V?ik.
BORDEN SAVES WOMAN'S LIFE
( anadian Premier Steps In Front o!
Train for l.rsrur.
Moncton. N. H.. <>ct la. Premier
]i, .,?,? (?ved 'he life of a wom?n who
. on the railway tri.ck here
>,r Ri !-??''. ?rhe was on hi? way from
hi? home at Grand Pre, N S.. to Mon
t?eal. wsi standing on the platform
when the woman was thrust aon the
rails by the crowd which met at the
station to ?ee him. The woman wa?
rolling toward a moving train when the
i'rime Mi'J,?i'r caught her and lilted
I her to a place of ?afety.
ROOT'S LAST PLZA
Warns of Decline of Rep?
resentation in Direct
FOR IMPARTIAL ACTS
fconomlcs Club Told Body Was
Influenced Only by Desire
to Better the State.
With a last pira for the new eon
s-itutinn on the ground that it will
reinstate the representative govern?
ment of our fathers to the position to
which it is entitled, former Senator
Root appealed for its adoption to
twelve hundred business men, bankers
und lawyers at the dinner of the Eco?
nomic Club at the Astor last night.
Mr. Root's appeal was touching, and
there were many moist eyes among his
listeners before he had finished. It
was a final appeal by Mr. Root for the
new constitution, and he put his whole
heart into it.
"I beg you to do me the honor," he
saut, "to believe there is no personal
consideration ahich actuates me. Since
I left this ti'v, lixteea years ago last
summer, to d?. ote myself to the ser?
vice of my country and the state, 1
have had but one client. I have had
but one desire. I hav hut one
on, sad II has been for the pros
pi ? : 11 y and the honor an?i the growth in
ths -pint and in the power of my coun?
try and my state.
"I have given out all there was in
me into this effort to do what 1 I?..
Ileved to be necessary for the per
? tuity of our tree institutions, ilns
effort to make representative govern
Bleat worthy of it.-elf. I have given
up my strength and my lifs to help
bring that about. I hope that it will
no! provs te bavs baea ia rala. No,
it cannot have b^en in vain. This con?
stitution, I believe, aill bs adopted by
the people of the State, but if it is not.
ths work of the convention will not
i,e lost. It will be but the beginning
ef B process which through the work?
ing of the processes of free govern?
ment will bring out sooner or later in
substance all the conclusions which arc
right and sound, for no honest effort
in behalf of one's country can ever
Mr. Root Cheered.
Mr. Root was loudly cheered at the
end of his address. Senator Wads
worth, William Church Osborn, chair?
man of the Democratic State Commit?
tee, and Martin Littleton also spoke in
support of the new constitution. Mr.
OsDorn, however, asserting that he
would not vote for the reapportionment
article. William R. Willcox, president
of the Economic Club, was toastmaster.
Mr. Root declared that there has
been a widespread demand for the
abandonment of representative govern?
ment, but that the adoption of the new
constitution would make representative
government so good, so sound, so ef?
fective that all ?lemanil for the aban
- of repr?sentative government
and the substitution of direct legisla?
tion would pass uwav __r?1 be refuted.
Mr. Hoot ISld:
"The initiative, the compulsory refer?
endum, the more suuden anil instant
control ever adlialBiatrativa and othtr
judicial officer? through the recall ami
direct legislation is distingu?-heil from
representative Isgislatlea. Some of us
v. i.o felt that representativa gavera
ment was the great gift of our race
to the development sf freedom felt
that the duty pressed upon us to show
if we could cure the avila by improv?
ing representative government. Of
course, if legislation is to be direct, if
the laws of the state or a nation are
to be made at. the polls upon the in?
itiative of any group of men who have
ideas that they wish to propose, the
?iignity and the power of representative
assemblies must decline. Of course, if
that system of government is to pre?
vail the American system of govern?
ment through representativa assem?
blies must grow weaker and weaker.
If that system is not to prevail, repre?
sentative assemblies must be mail?- to
do their work, to meet the well ex
SCated parpOSS and th?- will of the peo?
ple whom they represent. It is that
feature of the work of the convention
which should, I think, appeal to this
Economic Club. You deal not merely
with det .ils, but with the philosophy
of government und with the broad un?
derlying principles which are to be ap?
plied. I put to you, s the first great
ground upon which the work of this
convention i. to be favorably regarded,
that it is an effort sincere and serious
Bl sixty-eight men elected bv the peo?
ple of the .t?te to do the work."
Th* convention which farmed the
new constitution, Mr. Root declared.
was a non-partisan bod-.- in this con?
nection he took a left-handed slap at
William Banes, jr.. when he asserted
mat tfforts had beer, made to use the
great majority of the Republican party
in the convention for part,san advan?
"Of course there is opposition." Mr.
Root aeclared. "I have been seeking ?
I have been wondering much at the
causes. No such series of provisions
as this can be adopted without inter?
fering with a ereat many people. A
good many men will be turned out ? f
office. You cannot retrench without
turn ng men out of office. You cannr.
economize without ir.terf-nng with
people, and if you look to the opposi?
tion to this constitution in nine cas-s
out of ten you can trace it back o
the unwillingness of men to be turnel
t unliniiert on p?f * '*. ?rolnraa I_
GAME OF KILLING
New England Protested in
Vain as Freight Rate
Rule Slashed Business.
LOVE LORN EMPLOYE
Policy of "All Business or None"
Disclosed by Documents as
Witness's .Memory Fails.
Charles 8. Mellen'.? memory ?u?fered
? - kd wreck y itOl day a* the New
Raven tr:a!. The disaster, bowever, did
not d.imp th.- , the session,
which was enlivened by the jocular
spirit in 4?hich the railway giants of
the early '.n-'.a arranged among them
selves to strangle to death the New
England Railroad, then the New
Haven's chief competitor, a? told In
their letters to one ano?her.
The comedy an?! the wreck to the
Mellen memory both ha I to do ?vith
the anguished complaints of the New
Kngland road as if fe't 'he grip of
annihilation tightening about its
throat, iaPthi form sf discriminatory
freight ratas. Mr. Mellea's memory left
ths track when Frank M, Bwacker, of
government counsel, a-'.-.e?| him ?Th? I
the rule of refusing to sdvsnes
charges, promulgated by M.-llen wh.It
he was vice-presi?!ent of the New
Haven, was put in force.
"It is so long ago I don't recall," re?
plied Mr. Mollea, whose pride in his
ability to remember small details back
into remote years has made it MOB.
impossible for him to forget anything.
His memory i.em s bit better when
Mr. BkVaeher a .?-.?-il him if !n- recalled a
court action in which a restraining or?
der was issued. He -.-.;. 1 he had a dim
recollection of those matters. Hut his
memory got back into full running or?
der 4vhen Mr. Swacker began to read
his letters from the letter press book.
One of the Mellen letters in regard to
his company refusing to extend credit
to the New England, sddrssasd to C.
Peter (lark, general freight agent of
the Old Colony System, ran:
A Leiter to Draw Tears.
"Relating to complaints by Taunton
parties of our recent order regarding
prepayment of charges on freight
going to palatal area! of Nasrbargfa by
the New Vork & New Eng.and Rail?
mad, it is our desire that you ?hall
reply to these people as pleasantly as
"Write just as nice a letter as you
know how, expressing all manner" of
i egret that yofl are obhged to take th s
action, and that it embarrasses them,
bu* u?k them to give BOms considera?
tion to the railroad situation and try
to put up with the situation as not
being an unreasonable one, taut rather
ni.e necessary for the proper protec?
tion of our pr.perty.
TOO can t'x up a good icter 1 have
no doubt jtie that will dra? tetan to
the eyes of the people to ?vhoni it is
sddressed und convince them that you
are only drives to this course by dire
Mellen Iaughe?! delightedly a? this
reminder of his old rs Iroad days sras
r.-ad. and ths Courtroom eclio-t! his in
Bal that mirt'i wa
nothing compared ?v;th what was called
fot tli by this answer from Mr. Clark:
"I have told our agent to notify their
i the No** Kngland ? agent that we
should be glad to forward the business,
but should allow him no credit in tin
daily settlement of their expenses.
"I think this will bring the matter
to a head, ant!, perhaps, we will tin 1
that we have not heard the last of i?
yet, for which reason I ?lo not 44.inr
to make too much evidence. I At ?vhicii
Mellen smiled pleasantly.)
Dolorous Youth the Messenger.
"Instead of writing them I have de?
cided to send a man down to TsBBtOB
to interview these parties verbally. I
have ?elected young Palmer, and I
think he will reflect our grief at the
"I'almer \vas to have been mairied
the first of January, but the Pennsyl?
vania cut down their force in Boston,
whereby he lost his position. When
he came here his pay was less ami the
poor fellow has beer, watt.ng. ?raiting,
waiting ever since. I th'.nk iiis mourn?
ful api<-arar.ce will enable him to do
ample justice to the --ad si.ie of th..
R V. I.mdabury, of counsel for th?
defence, sought to SOftOB the e:fect of
there crue! joke- by bringing uyi th ?
? .n a? to whet':.er the New Kng?
land was not already insolvent si
time; on the theory that this voui'i
indicate justifiable discretion on the
part of the New Haven in not wishing
it or it! affiliated companies to give It
credit, rather than that the letter?
Indicated a plot to bring about it!
"The balance wa? in favor of the
New Kngland," Mellen replied in an
?wer to questions from Mr Sw*ck?r
and he bJm admitted that the change
in freight rate.? again.it which the New
England wai complaining resulted in
the bahnce changing the other way
about this time.
The complaint of the New Englan i
(oatlnurd on page 4, i-olnmn t
I Does It Pay?
Only four New York newspapers which show a
gain in advertising for the period January I to Septem?
ber 30 over the previous year show also an increase over
1913 a normal year before the war began .hey are
The Globe. The Evening Sun. The Times, lhe I ribune.
And The Tribunes gam over 1913 is nearly four
times, and over 1914 more than twenty-eight times that
of its competitor in the morning field.
It suggests a question that carries its own answer
Does it pay to say "Your money back if you want it"?
Flr?t to Lest?I he Truth: \ew??bditonats?Ad\ertlsement?
French Battle to Wrest
Nish Road from Bulgars;
Strike 40 Miles in Serbia
KING OF SERBIANS VOWS TO DIE
IF INVADER CONQUERS COUNTRY
Rome, Oct. 25 (dispatch to "The Daily Telegraph," London).?
Telegrams from a German source state that the King of Serbia has
issued the following proclamation:
"Age has taken my arms from me. I who was elected your King
have no longer the force to guide my armies to the war and the defence
of the fatherland.
"I am bu* a feeble old man who can do nothing but bless Serbia's
soldiers, citizens, women and children, but I swear to you that if a new
invasion shall bring upon us the same of being conquered I shall not
survive the ruin, but I, too. shall die with the country."
Teuton Aviators Thrice
Bombard Heart of Venice
One Shell Falls in St. Mark'8 Square Without Damage,
Another Wrecks Costly Ceiling of Old Church
?Three Injured in Last Raid.
IB? ???'> if, Ths IM
Home, Oct. IS, Teutonic ssreplsass
made two .ep?tate attacks with incen
diary bombs on the ci.y of Venice In?t
night, ami a third attack at B'dfl
o'clock this morning. The damage was
not great in any of the raids. Thro.
persons w?>re .rijured this morning, but
.ni" last right.
The greatest dswsgs laffered in last
night's raids was done by a bomb whi-: .
crushed in the roof and costly ceiling
of the church of Scalzi. Another
missile fell on the piazzctta of St.
Mark's, in front of the Iiucal Palast.
Statement of Raids.
The official statement of last nigh'.'j
"F.netny aeroplanes made two at?
tacks, separated by a short interval.
on Venice last night, throwing man.
bombs, some of which were incendiary.
The first attack was at about 10 p. m.
"One bomb fell on the roof of the
church of Scalzi. It crushed in
the ceiling, which was ornamented wi'..
beaut ful sculptures by Tit-polo. A.
incendiary bomb fell on the piszzetti
of the Cathedral of St. Mark, in frort
of the Ducal Palace, without doing any
damage. Five other bombs fell either
in canals or on places in the city where
saly Might damage was done.
"The aeroplanes returned at about
11 p. m. One bomb fell in the co'irt
of an almshouse sad set tire to pil-s
of wood. Two other bombs exploded
without doing any damage. N'o one
The Piazzetta di San Marco, adjoin?
ing the Piazza di San Marco is in the
heart of Venice sad is the centre of
to all tourist*. St. Mark's
irai and ths Campanile dominate
tin.- great leaare. Next to the c.-uhe
tlral is the Daeal Palace, in front of
?vhich ore of the bombs hurled yes?
terday struck. Opposite the palace i?
t!ie Library of St. Mark's, the meat
sumptuous exampl? of Itenaissance
architecture in the world.
The Church of Scalzi, the roof
of which was crushed in by a bomb,
was the former church of the bpre
footed friars. It was begun in t?349
by Longhena. the facade beir% added
by Sar.ii in l'.s:.. It i? coiuidcr?d the
most sumptuous church of the Vene?
tian baroque style.
Costly Ceiling Damaged.
The ceiling, which the dispatch layi
was damaged by the shell, ii one of
the handsomest in any Venetian edi?
fice. It is decorate?! with a large
fresco by Tiepolo, repicientinp ^ie
miraculous removal of the house of the
Virgin to Loreto. The high altar it
signed by Passa, has eight beaut'iul
spiral columns. The whole interior
was restored in ttl7>.'$-'ti2.
St. Mark's Cathedral, originally the
private chape! of tht doge, ia unique
among the buildings of the world in
its unparalleled richness of material
and decoration. The skill of nearly
every century from the fourth down
to M-,?. ?H?..?,? Renainsanca ii represent?
ed in it? interior, where the Byzantine
and Lombard styles of architecture mat
and fused together.
High Altar St. Mark'a Glory.
The high altar and the Pala d'oro. or
refable, are the chief glorie! of St.
Mark'?. The altar 1? borne by four
marble column?. The altar piece ia
ore of the most magnificent ?peclmen?
of the goldsmiths' and jeweller?' work
in existence. It was begun in 976 in
Constantinople, and wag enlarged and
enriched with gems by Greek artiflceis
in 1106. and by Venetian? between 1209
and 1.11.". It is composed of the figure?
of Christ, angels, prophets and ?aint?,
in Bysaatlae enamel run into gold
plates. It contains, among other gems,
1..100 great pearls, 400 garnet?. 300
sapphire*, -100 emeralds, 90 amethysts
GUILTY; TO SERVI
29 DAYS IN JAD
Six-Year Sentence Cut Be
cause of Extenuating
:p? Cal '* a las _!.---? ]
Como, Italy, Ort _.'.. Porter Charl
ton, the young American who has bee
on trial here for the murder of hi
wife in 1010, was condemned to-dny t
(rea six yenrs and eight months ll
prison. He has already ?pent five year
and four months behind the bars sine
he was arrested in Iloboken after flee
ing from Lak Como, where he ha.
hidden the body of his wife.
The jury found Charlton only par
tially responsible an?l that there wer?
extenuating circumstances. Owing t<
arnne.-'.., Charlton will serve onlj
twenty-nine days in prison.
Charlton under the verdict beaeflh
by the time he has been under re
strain' and, in addition, a year is taker
off '.he sentence under the ?mnesty foi
all offerees committed before Italy en?
tered tne war.
Charlton said that after his releas?
he would return to the United Statei
and join his family. Before departing
however, he said he would visit and
saal-S thank friends m Como whe
by tneir kladaessei lightened the
-- of his captivity, and especially
Aaibessadet Thoma? Nslaoa Page, who,
as the representative of the American
geeeraatsB-i had seen that his legal
rights were observed.
Bigaor Maillai, the Crown Prose?
cutor, in his argument to-day demanded
that Charlton receive a heavy sentence.
He insisted that the pr.soner was men?
tally responsible when he killed hn
wife and insinuated that he murdered
h? r for her money and stole her jewels
after she was dead.
n ors (?atanco and Pieardi, of
. .?:.'?? counael, pleaded that th?
Am?-.-.. _n l .. ... t| was ir?
responsible at the time of the crime.
Thev urged the jury at least to BSaent
that the priv.ner .was not nmre than
part -,i -ible when tne murder
was eoauaitti .
Baron Sc.acca. the presiding judge,
I ? the case w.-nt t_ ths jury a.-ke.l
?on whether he had anything to
add to the defence \.';?_ tears in his
?yes, Charlton exclaimed: "I trust en?
tirely to Italian justice. I can only
say that I am a most unfortunate man."
Charlton killed his wife on June 9,
1910, in a villa on Lake Como, while
they were on their honevmoon. Im
l ..Diiou-ti un ilf. I, ?olumo S
QUITS ARCTIC TO GO TO WAR
Baffin land Factor, Farthest North Re?
cruit, Dear? <?f Conflict Month Ago.
After living for more than a year In a
dreary waste of ice and snow, with no
human companions ?ave a few Esqul
maus, John Eaton, factor at the post of
Lake Harbor, Baffin Land, reached .New
York yesterday on the Florizel, of the
Red Cross I.in?. He had not even
heard 'hat a war was raging; in Europe
until a month or so ago.
When the Nesopie battered her way
through the ice as far as Lake Harbor,
in ?'-I, norlh latitude, in September, on |
her annual trip from Hudson's Bay, ?he
carried the first mail Katon had seen
since the same ship dropped him at his !
lonely post more than a year before.
With the papers telling of the great
European conflict came a letter telling
the factor he had been called for duty
in the Scottish Horse. Hastily obtain
lag a saecetwar from the ?hip's crew, i
ha left on her at once for St. John's,
where he caught the Flonzel.
FREES POSTMEN FOR ARMY
British ??libl.iI Says They Had Better
?.?. Brat (iermany.
London, Oct. 25. -The Pjstofl.ce hai
taken the lead among government de?
partments in releasing men for the
army. At a specially convened meeting
of postal employes to-day Herbert
Samuel, Postmaster General, announced
that he had decided that every eligible
man should be free to enlist and that
hi? place would be kept open for htm.
"There is better work to do than
carrying people'? lett?r?," the officiai
said. "It i? more important to beat the
Oermans than to maintain the poit
oft.ce at it* present high !tate of effi?
AIR 'PHONE DISCONTINUED
N'o More Talking from Arlington to
Paria Intll War Enda.
Hi Caul? ? ) II! rrlP'una.J
Pari?, Oct. 2.V Wirele.i te,?phone
communication was again eitabliahed
between the Eiffel Tower and Arlington
?arly this morning, but now expen
men?! must cea?e until the end of the
war, a? nothing more can be accom
' ?! until ?endir.g apparatus aaj
been installed on the tower.
Continuation of the experiment?
tou'.d be very inconvenient for th?
French government on account of th?
presiure of war bu?in?*?i.
KINO GEORGE IN FRANCE
Bnti.h Monarch lo Viiit Allied Troops
at the Front.
London, Oct. 25. King George is
now in Franc?, .?hither he ha? gone to
viiit the British army.
The British n.?march hopa?, alio to
?ea ?onie of th? allied troops.
60,000 Bulgarians Re?
treating After Kriv
Teutons Advance Along
Danube and Ferdinand
Crosses the Timok.
BERLIN GAINS SLOWLY
Reports Progress Near Bosnian
Border and Capture of
Zabari In East.
[Br <_?-__? Th. T-bura]
London, Oct. 25.?The Allied at?
tempt to wrest the Nish-Salonioa
railway from the Buigars has begun,
end already French troop?, following
up their victory at Krivolak, in
Southern Serbia, where .0,000 Bul?
garians were put to flight, are with
ir twenty miles of Veles, ?till in the
Three days ago only a few miles
inside the Serb frontier, and with
the S .rbs patently nearing exhaus?
tion, the swift Allied advance of
more than forty miles to Negotin,
reported reached by the French last
night, has raised a new spirit of con?
fidence that von Mackensen's seizure
of the road to Constantinople may
yet be forestalled.
Only one thing damps this op?
timism?the new German crossing of
the Danube at Orsovo, which pro?
gressed to-day to Sip. Berlin an
! r.cunces, and the Btilgar a?lvance
across the Timok in the same region,
which thus brings the two armies
within a few miles of union.
With the juncture once formed,
the Danube will be entirely In Teu
, ton hands, and one avenue to the
Turksh capital, though not the one
originally aimed at, will be assured.
The only results of the Allied expe?
dition in such a case, unless the et.
; try of Rumania should change the
situation, would be to forestall Bul?
garian ambitions in Macedonia.
By the French victory at Krivo
lak the Bulgarians who have
reached Istib, Veles and Uskub a!
ready are placed in an awkward
position, as a further advance of the
Allied army would seriously threaten
their flank. In fact, unofficial reports
state that the advance of the French,
who are being closely followed by
the British, already has caused the
retirement of the Bulgarians toward
Bulgare Not Equal to Preach.
That the Bulgarians have begun
their retirement from Veles and are
retreating on a flve-mile front up
the Gradeskar River is indicated in
dispatches from Gradek, Serbia,
reaching here to-day. The Bulgar:..
according to dispatches, plan a new
line to resist the Allied advance on
the villages of Rabrovo, Piraud,
\ eszel and Kalkova, and the east
bank of the Vardar River, where it
dominates the railway.
According to reports describing
tlit battle, the inferiority of the Bul
parians to the experienced troops of
France and Britain was at once de
monstrated, and the latter had no
trouble in turning the Bulgarian
right flank, while the Serbs, by a
frontal counter attack, held the main
brdy. The man?uvre is described as
having been most brilliant by the
correspondent of the Paris "Petit
pErisien," who says that the French
"75's" inflicted terrible damage on
Now that the main German advanee
has reached the mountain!, the fighting
has assumed the character of that on
the Western front, progren being made
only after the mo.t violent artillery
preparation and the captura of s few
yardi of trer.ehei at a tim?.
German losses have been ao aovare.
the Havaa corre?pond?nt at Athani
telegraph?, that the whole offemive
along the northern front hai been iui
pended, while the gain? reportad by
Berlin are icattered and cf minor im?
portance. Thus further progren has
been made in Northweit Serbia, along
the Bo-nitn frontier, but too far BB(ay
from the main theatre, '.he Morava Val?
ley, to seriously menace the Sarb?.
General von Koese?. ha. reached the
lateral railway through Lataravac,
which will be a valuable anet once it is
wholly in German hand?, while von
.vita ha. taki-n Zabari. louth of
Germans Short of Men.
The genera! optimum of ohierveri
here regarding trie outcome hai barn
further borne out by the ?hortage of
men, just di?clo?ed by the Brituh itaff,
from which the Garmani are now iuf
; firing. Kven after the French offen
, uve m September th? fl',e. aim bad
! the greatest difficulty iv aecur-.ng re
I inforcements and had t?? call on mea