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bling. W <? R-B?g g.Kid promptly if the ad?
vertiser rloes not.
Steadily, remorselessly, each new detail
Wrang fron the shaken RUfflvuIR of the
Ancona Massacre exposes, demolishes, the
whole fabric r.f Mr. Wilson's great diplo?
matic triumph over Germany, and makes
plain beyond peradventure the delusion
and the sham of the foreign policy of the
United States and the betrayal and sacrl?
fice of American lives by politicians who
could otter splendid words, hut ?rere Ib
Capable O? .".in insignificant action.
Looking back now over ?the recent
month. . nie most disgraceful ami shame?
ful in American history, it is possible to
grasp the whole sequence of ? -vents, to
understand what some have suspected,
more have feared, hut the majority of the
nation is only now beginning to appreciate.
Not only have Americans in peril and in
distress been abandoned, not only has
there been denied to our living* protection
and to our dead the scanty honor of the
murder disavowed, but to the American
people and to the world this course has
been daily heralded forth as the evidence
of courage, wisdom, superior moral anil
When (?ermany proclaimed her subma?
rine blockade Mr. Wilson ?told the Kaiser's
government that any infraction of inter?
national law by the Germans to the injury
of American citizens would mean that the
offenders would he held to "strict account?
ability." Germany replied by sinking* the
Lusitania, and Mr. Wilson met this by a
public speech that a country could l?e "too
proud to fight.*1 This speech preceded the
publication but followed the completion of
the message pledging his country to omit
M won! <>r act to perform its duty to its
To this Germany replied by the quibble
f??r which it found inspiration in the semi?
official statements issued from the State
Department that the Lusitania might have
been armed, suggestions that fell to the
ground on the instant. Our second note
to Germany?the first Lusitania note??
had been followed by the assurances given
by Mr. Bryan, received and believed by
the Austrian Ambassador, that American
messages were but words, meaning noth
ii ?i, but designed to satisfy home pride
and meet the requirements of home
Then we have a third and a fourth mes?
sage, answered by the Arabic. The Ameri?
can women and children of the Lusitania
had perished in early May; in September
the American government, in the face of
?MR murders, was still writing notes.
The victims of the Lusitania had been for?
gotten by our State Department and by
the President. Xo response to the last
note concerning their fate had been re
oived, or has been received, and the eager
little press agents of Mr. Wilson are I ivy
i.? forming us that Germany cannot be ex?
pected to ?lis-avow this act, because of the
incidental lost <?f prestipe involved.
But the sinking of the Arabic raised a
i "vv point. The Wilson administration
was -til! perfectly satisfied to continue to
talk while the Kaiser's government con?
tinued to murder. It felt that its words,
each of which wan measured in American
life, were cheap at that price, and that
pretty phrases, written in blood, not ink,
v ere all that could be required of it. Such
a conviction no longer prevailed in the
nation. From one end to another there
v/as at last stirring an indignation the
moral quality of which was loot on a po?
litical administration, but the political
possibilities of which could not be over?
Therefore we have the beginning of
?Mastic action, drastic to the point of talk
ii | of breaking off relations with Ger?
many. What then happens? The subma?
rine campaign in Briti.-h waters has failed.
All but a very few of the German subma
nif have been Bunk or captured. It is
plain that, ther? is nothing In the game.
In this situation, the failure being ap?
parent, H^rmany needs only an excuse to
abandon :?. Accordingly she presents Mr.
Wilson with a supreme moral victory, she
pledg? i l.crself to sink no more passenger
ship without warning, and she disavows
? i." r- '-".tively insignificant case. The peo?
ple of (fcrmany, irvtead of i.eing told that
??.on Tirpitz ha? failed, are informed that
h deference to American wishes Germany
b.i <??:' ? f-ded that Americana shall not bg
gsarderod, end this means that the subma
< Rinpaign cannot he ront.in>i<-<l.
B ' What are the American pr-op!?? t/.ld?
i ? one tell them that, thanks to
BOB, UM Germans have
able from February to October to
pit into opera .mo their ?-'jSmarme earn
/?Higo, imperilling Ameri?an live-'.' It was
He. if Mr. Wilson bad ta'itly COngQOtod that
I'ermar.y should have theM ?BMMltll '" I ' '?'
} ? i ?'.'.'ii? experiment, with the order tan?!
fail? 'i if Britl i? ? m poorer
... ?then Mr. \\ ilaon
In i ?
Iah m um tant t-. _i'- ibc correct pictuic,
? i ? dayi of la
We had ] I our "strict seat
Mljty" ? and il had been ai
open, undi gui?-?-ii. unvarni tied aaaa
tion. Bul tin did noi matte Mr. \\
? * r hs sut i
whili ? , -i another, h
: hl open fur him
capo with seeming honor from the di
patting his irords Into sffoet Out c
White Hoaas and from the ready
agents there flowed one ?leclaration
another, intended to persuade the eo?
O? the patient strength of an admin
tion living in a daily panic. -
Only the eoUapse of the German su
ri?e campaign i?aved Mr. Wilson
months ago when the American p
v.-en* at last roused to the shame of
routs??. Only the fact that the Ger
were seeking an excuse for abandon i
campaign that they could not pur.?u>
exci iM that would satisfy their pi
which they had fed up on the stori?
the havoc to British shipping of the
marines, prevented the complete 1
ruptcy of the policy of "watchful wait
If the (Icrman campaign had been eue
i ful there would have been no "vict?
The proof of this is found in the fact
until the Germans were sure they
tail?*?! they utterly refused to pay a1
turn to Mr. Wilson's words. They he<
them only when it served their purp?
Such was the character of Mr. Will
great moral triumph of a few weeks
Hut where does the Ancona leave t
Jus! the moment that there is again p
for the Gentian cause or imaginary p
in nea massacres, we have this ma?s,?i
Let no man be deceived by the showini
the Austrian flag. Austria has beconu
appendage of the German Empire; all .
trian military and naval campaigns
"made in Germany." Possibly the ad
killing was done by a German submar
but in any event the inspiration came fi
Berlin. Once more women and child
are to be murdered, not alone plun
into the sea, but shelled as they t
refuge in lifeboats, becaoso there is n
that German "terribleness" should l?e
iii Ron;?* a- well as in Paris and I.one]
Perhaps Athens needed a timely illust
tion of the peril incident to opposing
And in the face of this latest crime
there left any American who fails to pc
trate the sham and the Bmug hypocrisy
American policy in recent months.' 'i
sham revealed in the fact that wliene?
there was the smallest profit for them
murder'the Germans murdered Americr
without hesitation, the hypocrisy in 1
pretence that there had been a victc
von when American protests were u?
.... the cover for the retreat of Germ
i aval power overwhelmed by British.
The Wilson administration has follow,
the coward counsels which the politici
always supplies. It has endeavored to v
native approval ?srithont offending t
hyphen vote. It began by talking big
Germany in the belief that words of su
ciently sonorous character would intir
date the German people, in arms agair
the world. When these words failed,
hesitated to take action lest action shot
cost it the political support of millions w
were reported to put alien interests abo
American, and to vote as Germany desin
not as America required.
We got into the German mess precise
as we got into the Mexican. Our troo
were hurried to Vera Cruz in the mi
taken notion that this moral demonstr
tion would terrify the Mexican and grati
the ?\merican. But when the Mexica
met us with rifle fire the whole policy c<
bpsed, and we lingered in Vera Cruz uni
the coming of the Great War fixed publ
attention elsewhere, and then under cov
of tbe night we slunk out. We got in
the German mess because Mr. Wilson b
?ieved strong words would terrify, at
after we got in we stayed there until tl
German need of a pretext for abandonir
the submarine campaign in British wate
supplied Mr. Wilson with a great mor;
victory. But not even this great mor
victory extended to the disavowal of tl
murder of the Americans of the Lusitani
Yet in a prim way Americans may we
rejoice that the tragedy of the Ancona hi
(nine, because its coming has served I
strip the last vestige of cover from tr
miked shame of the Wilson foreign polic
and reveal the sham, the cowardice and th
hypocrisy which might otherwise have ei
Capad the attention of a careless and foi
getful people, easily lulled into content
ment at th? thought that all perils ha
For some Americans the failure, the col
lapse of the policy Itself, is only a mino
thing. Other policies have failed; In th
great crisis in world history no diplomac
has shown itself great, no statesmen su
premely wise. But the sham of the thini
is what sticks and hurts. Wp have pro
Iclaimed our championship of noble idea
and ideals, we have affirmed our devotioi
to civilization and to truth, we havi
'flaunt???! fiur superior virtue in the face o
men and nations who a?ie giving all tba
they have or hope to have in the n.*ime o
civilization ?t:?l honor, and in the sanu
n ornent we bave turned our backs upor
Amman women and ?'hildreii sinking un
.der cowardly assassination; we have stead
lastly refuse?! to b?*?ir the voices of oui
own dying children clamoring for aid
while we have smugly pretended t?> th?
; world that we alone were tbe true de
?fenders and the appointed champions of
A month ago it seemed as if this course
had been crowned with succc??*. It secme?!
.-. if the sham victory and the tinsel tri?
umph were to endure with a semblance
?.f r.ality, and those who f?*!t bitterest and
niOSt humiliated by the spectacle of Am.*ri
ean ihamS were mIit:?-???! l>y the sn??ering
? ?it'itiM'tit, "Well, it has succeede?), hasn't
it'.'" But flat, wa a month ago, and the
bam having endured that period, long for
, has fa!lefl Of itS own weight, col?
? . | into nothing; ths trumpet? ?,f vie.
ill- ??? d by llii \?ii. |
the httic uiildicu of the Ancona and ?vi
! those oth"r ?..?dreri of the Lusitania
" bodiea are -till toeaod about on the
Atlantic, forgotten by OB Amorican gov?
ernment, but ?not pet quit? forgotten by
an American pOOpll ,
"I'ifile?s publicity" wag once the favor
He phrase ?.f Mr. Wilson. It was a pretty
phrase; but in flo far as it was true it ha
returned to plague its maker. Pitiless.
publicity we have non- for the policy of
the fi'lministration in all the long days and
weeks of the past when American live_
were at stake and the thing that is more
than life to any nation, race or tribe was
i in the balance. And in the light of this
publicity, what is there left of the policy
which he adopted, the policy of impolicy,
of watchful waiting, which consisted In
eager search for a Bafe escape from a
dangeroOR duty and a specious defence
for an indefensible skulking?
What we are beginning to know about
ourselves now the world has long be?
lieved. They have been sneering In Ber?
lin at American policy ever since we Bent
our first note last February. 'They be?
lieve that American policy Is the rhetoric,
of cowardice and the pretence of "dollar
democracy." Th?**y are satisfied that
Americans prefer profits to principles, and
will rather endure any injury than risk
their business or their comfort on the field
of battle. They believe this because in no
other way can they explain our course in
the face of their policy in recent months.
Believing this, they have killed our citi?
zen? whenever their ends were thus to be
H rved, and are still pursuing this course.
And in Knglar.d and ?Trance, who can
:iii-take what is felt there? To the people
of those countries we seem in some still
inexplicabl? way to have turned our back
on all thai America has meant for us and
for them in other years. With the Ger?
mans they have come to believe that it Is
only money that counts, and that there is
no insult that will move a nation "too1
prood to fight" to defend life or principle.
They believe, as do the Germans, what Is
no! true; they believe that in all his long
and shameful course Mr. Wilson has been
truly representative of America and
Americans. This is the gravest wrong
thai Woodrow Wilson has done his coun
try and his countrymen; this i-- the injury
thai Will endure ami in the year.? to come
will cost us dear, not alone in honor, but
Nothing is more certain than that the
nightmare of cowardice in this country
will pass, is passing. Nothing is more in?
evitable than that a nation which is sound
and brave and honorable at heart will re?
pudiate the false, the sham, the cowardly,
when it once recognizes them. Already
then' are unmistakable signs abroad in
the land. We shall not bo tricked, de?
ceived, shamed much longer with our own
COnaent, but how long will it be before the
world* will understand that America is
still the America of 1776 and 1861, and
that, like all d?mocraties, it has merely
passed through g ?period of blindness and
self-absorption as an incident in its long
and honorable life?
Mr. Churchill's Resignation.
Mr. IVington Churchill's resignation
from the British Ministry has been likened
l? his father's sudden retirement from
the Chancellorship of the Exchequer some
thirty years ago. The comparison is far?
fetched, nor is it likely that Mr. Churchill
expects, as Lord Randolph probably did,
to wreck the Cabinet. If the Prime Mln
i?tcr on the former occasion was not ut?
terly dumfounded at the action of his col?
league.? it is unlikely that the present
; Prime Minister was even taken by sur?
prise. In fact, the news cannot have been
wholly surprising even to the public at
largo, for it is obvious that Mr. Churchill
could not be satisfied for long in a sub?
There is a certain ambijruity in the'
Utters that have passed between him and
Mr. Asquith, but the main point is clear
enough. Mr. Churchill evidently felt that
unless he was allowed to bear some re?
sponsibility in the conduct of the war he
could by no means remain in the Cabinet.
When he accepted the Chancellorship of
the Duchy of Lancaster many of his
friends expressed great astonishment that
?one who had lately been First Lord of the
Admiralty should consent to take so in?
ferior an office. It was plain, however,
, that he could still bo of great service to
the Ministry. The office in itself was
virtually a sinecure, and he was able to
I give up much of his time and thought to
the problems that concerned him as First i
Lord; indeed, many of his enemies prob-!
ably thought that he continued to have too
strong ? hand in the counsels of war. It
v ??"tan., at least, that they continued
pers-fltentiy to badger him, endeavoring on,
every possible occasion to put him out of
ICountenance or to draw admissions from
I him touching his responsibility in the,
Dardanelles and at Antwerp.
If patriotism was his motive In deciding
to remain in the Cabinet on the readjust?
ment of the government, patriotism no
longer compels him to remain to-day. If
h ?"ration carried with it any mani?
fest danger of breaking down the Ministry
the case would I?? different, but, as it is, he
can plead with justice that since he is not
to be taken into the small war councils
lately formed, his real services, those spe?
cial service? which presumably made him
1 indispensable before, are obviously no
lonper requin ?1 by Mr. Asquith and his
It is hardly doubtful that pique ha*? to
some extent influer,ced him in his decision.
He probably felt that he was entitled to a
?plaeg in the war council, and in his letter
he takes occasion to remind the Premier
that a place was promised to him six weeks
ago. "I make n<> complaint," he a?ids.
"that your scheme should have been
.banvri-d," but it is siifti.-iently plain that
he thinks himself ill-treated, fur what else
can he have in Bind in drawing the Pre
? ? ' attention to his counsels? Perhaps
rh<" ?obsCUN [mint- will h<? cleared up \m
the Ho g e t.. ?lay. but the probability Is
that he willf iitrely defend hi. action. _i?
. gnd be as careful as Sir Edward Car
?Ofl to avoid embarrassing the government.
?bowover gratifying such embarrassment
would be to their enemies. Without any
further explanation his decision i? at least
Booker T. Washington.
Looker T. Washington, who died yester?
day, will pass into history as the ablest
negro leader of his generation. Here in the
United States the negro race has produced
greater men than he?men of larger mould
and more extraordinary native genius.
Frederick Douglass was one. Born and
brought up a slave, the latter overcame
even greater obstacles than Mr. Washing?
ton had to overcome in arising to leader?
ship. Douglass excelled as an orator. His
appeal was to the emotions, to the sense
of justice of a ruling race which had put
?hackles on the black man and had denied
him the ordinary rights of a human being.
He pleaded for emancipation, believing
that the negTo's future here would be as?
sured once he had the chance to be his
own master, to acquire education and prop?
erty and to sell his labor in an open mar?
Mr. Washington's task was different, be
CSUSg conditions made it different. The
negro had become a citizen and had re?
ceived a partial measure of economic free?
dom. But he was dazed and not a little
embarrassed by what had been thrust upon
him. He did not know how to use his new
powers. Mr. Washington saw "that the
next appeal would have to be made to the
negro himself if the full fruits, of emanci?
pation were to be realise?!. He has been
:he foremost negro missionary, not to the
White i ace, but to his own race. He has
prea.'hed self-help, self-discipline, self-sal?
vation. It has been evident ever since Re?
construction days that the negro must
work out his own status as a freedman,
and*that just in proportion as he shows
him***.lf industrious, capable, thrifty and
self-controlled his position in the commu?
nity in which he lives will he improved.
By his example as well as by his teach
in?.' Mr. Washington set the negro race in
this country on the true path toward bet?
terment. His ideals were intensely practi?
ca!. His ?gospel was the fOSpci of self-re?
spect, which is the foundation of all moral
'.'f'owth. He respectad himself and won
the respect of the country by his courage.
h>s sincerity, his patience and the admira?
ble singleness of his point of view.
He accomplished much and. better still,
bis woik will live after him through what
he has inspired others of his race to accom
p'.ish. He was a builder not for to-day
??nly, but for the future?a leader of
breadth and tenacity whose work has con
Iributod not alone to the welfare of his
people but also to the welfare and prog?
ress of the United States.
Every spy most be a diplomat, but hitherto
thf* reverse has been considere?! neither
necessary nor good form.
Midnight ficht in moonlit ?pa Boadllne.
Who ?aid th< moon was made for lovers?
Propitious weather for the Yale clubhouse
REMEMBER THE LUSITANIA."
Americans Waiting for Chance to
Hold Administration Responsible.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your editoririls i-o clearly state my
views and attitude that I seldom see any?
thing to comment on, but in your editorial
thi? morning you ask: "I- i; not po? ible,
that some day those who are reRpOBRlblo for
thl? betrayal of America . . . may be over?
whelmed ... ?" My contar* with plain Ameri?
can citizen? leads me to write that they are
waiting f?.r a chance to hold this admiriistra
The American people do roI prefer prosti?
tution to virtue, an 1 if ever the honor of a
nation was prostituted it is in our foreign
policy of the last fifteen months. As one wh?.
voted for Rleetors for Seymour, l.reeley.
Tilden, Hancock and Clevolaad, I ran put a
feather on which is insirlbed "I an a
Democrat" in my hat and wear it unblush
ingly, while I would at the next Presidential
election use my influence and east my vote
against a party so opposed to defending the
country'? honor as the present ruling powers
seem. Would that the election were not no
far off! (I C. THOMAS.
Bi-ooMya, Nov. i_, 1. if.
Good Reading for Everybody.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Pir: I have been much Impressed with
the editorial? In The New York Tribune for
the past few week? and only feel sorry that
every American citizen in the United States
should not have had the opportunity of read?
ing them. Your editorial In ts-dsy'fl Tribune
particularly impressed nie.
I should like to be one of a number of
people to make up a subscription to pnblinh
in ?ome small pamphlet form a large num?
ber of copie? of either this one alone, or In
addition four or Uve previous editorial? on
the ?ame general subject.
It would seem to me that there are enough
people having the same view? who would be
willing to join in creating such a fund. I
?hould think that n??t less than five million
copies would be needed, perhaps even ten
million. Indre], there coubl not h? too
many. WALLACE T. JON'ES.
Mrooklyn, Nov. It, Itli.
"Forceful and Timely."
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your editorial "Remember the Lusi?
tania" Is a fine, manly, forceful and timely
presentation of a most ?erioua situation.
Every American with red blood in hi?
veins ought to bang hi? bea?l in .?hami
when be beholds an a?!rnirIstiatiOR of the
fovernmenf of tin? Halted States which can
only be described as weak, inefficient and '
cowardly in it? attitude toward crime of
every nature, both at home and abroad.
Keep on with your good work.
J. ADAMS BBOWN.
New York, Nov. It, 191?.
"Right to the Point."
T?. the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I congratulate you on th ? morning'?
editorial "Remember th.? Lusitano? " D i?
ii. b' to the point. If the admim- I ration
keep up it? RreeoBl polley ?ill
hav- ?... A.BTHUB . ALLEN.
?\.W a -Ik, Nov. 13, Lolt. I
"WHERE THE BRITISH GO WRONG"
Discussion of the Proper Attitude Toward the So-Called British
Blockade of Germany?History and International
Law to the Rescue.
To -he Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: A? one who lia? Just read the strik?
ing editorial "When the British Go Wrong,"
printed in The Tribune of yesterday, will you
permit me to ask whether the United States
went wrong during the four years of the
I ivil Wag in which th?? government, in its
rommendablo determination to maintain the
freedom of the sea?, captured no fewer than
1,141 r.ti.l destroyed no le?? than 355 neutral
trading ?rssssls, (Basing a total loss to Brit
:?-|i owner? of at least $30,000,000?
The world has moved since 18 t? 1-6 S; modern
inventions and modern conditions have
modified the practice of blockade, so that
now the effectiveness of a blockide must in
each ease be a question of fact 'as stated in
the decision of the Supreme Court in the
Olinde Rodriguez case, 17*1 U. S., p. 510 I "to
be determined by evidence and with reganl
to all the circumstance?." To-day, a? in
l>.r")l, the place of landing may be many miles
distant from the ultimate destination of the
snoods, and the ostensible destination of a
rentrai port i? no guarantee that the ultimate
destination of a cargo is not the country of
a belligerent. This condition was felt during
the Civil War and received the attention of
th? Supreme Court of the United States In
the oft??n quote.I case of the Springbok.
Sic was B Briiish ?hip on a voyage from
LoadCfl to Nassau, an?l was seized by a
United States eruiasr and sent in for judi
cation on the ground that she was carrying
contraband with th?? intention of breaking
the blockade and allowing the cargo to be
transhipped at Nassau and sent thence into
the Southern States. In this case the Su?
preme Court held that the evidence showed
the cargo wss not Intended for Na?sau, but
was intended to be transshipped there and
thrt-ce carried on to rebel ports in violation
of the blockade. Therefore, the voyage was,
both in law and according to the intentions
i.f the parties, but one voyage from Lon?
don to the blockaded ports and the cargo
was liable to seizure during any part of that
voyage '5 Wall, p. 1?. The Supreme Court
of the United States rendered decisions to
the same effect in the cases of the Bermuda.
Stephen Hart and Peterhoff. Great Britain
protestad against the-<e decisions and made
them the subject of a claim before the
American Claims Commission, which ?sal
,-ippointed BBSs r the Treaty of 1871, but her
claim for the value of the confiscated cargo
was unanimously rejected. Professor Blunt
sehli's "Droit International Codifia," par si?,
reads I "If the ships or good? are consigned
to a neutral port only in order to facilitate
their delivery to the enemy they will be
contraband of war and their seizure will be
ju |1 ilied."
In so far a? I have been able to follow the
mutter Great Britain put.? forward no claim
te iatorfsrs a Ith gonds arhieti ?ire bona Ode
ti for the use nr eOBBBIBptioB of a
r.satrsl state, but only with the commerce
of the enemy passiag through neutral states,
Bad, a? ,*gir Kdward C.rey ha? ??ated it, "If a
blockade can only become effective by ex?
it ruling It to the enemy commerce passing
IhfOBgtl r.eutral ports, such an extension is
defensible and in aeeor?!ance with principles
which have met with general acceptance"
This, as the case of the Springbok shows, is
the doctrine established by the Supreme
Court of the Cnite?! S?ate?. The r??preseiita
live? of the I'nited States at the conference
tl .at araa hel?I in London concede?! that
bloekaders mi^ht be Baserai kaadrad miles
off a hostile ro??t.
Anent contraband: Did the North go wrong
???.hen ?luring the War of Secession it de?
clared cotton to be contraband becau?e, as1
Mr Bayard wnite, some years later, "cotton
aaa Is the Confederas?? a? much a munition'
nf ?nr as powder ?nd bullet, because it fur-,
ii?hed the chief means of obtaining these
indispensable? of war"? It may be remem-1
bated that thi? declaration paralyzed the cot?
ton asjsdl trail? of Lanciishir?. and for two
?.ear? taSBBallsd the null operatives to live
OB pablic chanty. But Kngland never que?
t m i,l ths ri?,'ht of the North to declare
trabaad. Did Kngland gn ??.rung
in doiag this! ?
lu tu?.*. tla-T? o? L.tkiti, what ?aas become^
of the teaching, "Do unto other? si you
would have others do unto you"? When *h*
Maine was blown up we were exhorted tc
i "Remember the Maine!" Since the Losltanta
was torpedoed we have been taught to forget
it, because we could not live up to ourfme
phrases of "strict accountability" and "de
FRANK H. YIZF.TKLLY.
New York, No.-. 11, 1915.
Uncle Sam Already Entangled.
To tks Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: In your illuminating an?! able edi?
torial of November 10, entitled "Where the
British Co Wrong," you say that the Tribune
"believes Germany's ?lei'eat necessarv il
American democracy is to live arid perform
! its service. But this is an individual view,
and is, not the '*iew of the majority of
Americans, nor of the American govern?
Further on in your article you ?ay 'There
1 is no appreciation of the fact, if it be a
' fact, that the American future ?s being
settled on European battle fields. This coun
j try is following its own course; it is faith
I ful to its history and tradition in avoiding
| foreign entanglements, and as a country it
totally rejects the notion that the war, which
means life and death to the British just now,
moans anything to It."
Would it be too much to ask that you give
us an editorial on what the view of the
majority of Americans and of the American
government is? .
It would seem the part of wisdom for us to
find out in this country at the earliest pos?
sible moment just what our national ideals
and guiding principles are. To many it does
not ?eem that our country is following its
own course. We also find it hard to believe
that we are avoiding foreign entanglements,
aiaes in cne year we have become a groa',
creditor nation, which means of course that
our political and military strength mur? fol?
low our commercial investments into every
nation. Since we are already entangled, and
b'.'coming more so every day, commercially
and racially, with almost every other nation,
how can we delude ourselves into the notion
that we are jogging along. In the word? of
Mr. Bryan, "without reference to any other
nation on earth"? CHARLES A. EATON.
New York, Nov. 11. IfII,
Thinks Americans Realize the Truth
To the Editor of The Tribu- s,
Sir: I think you are wrong in your edi
torlal of the 10th. in stating that the average
American does not understand th?* war prob?
lem at present, an?l does not care which side
wins in Europe.
T am a commercial man, and h av..? a
chinee to know what they think about it. I
lind that thej know that if the Germans win
in Europe we will have to light them in the
near future. Then* is no qasatlofl bal Eng
land et ?1. are fighting the world'?, battles
now. If that is the case, whj should this
country not give them what ail we can, in
place of quibbling about a few ships that
have been pulled in, that speculators of this
country have bought? Why should we not
conic out in the open and do away with
the neutral farce, and aid the Allies hF we
can, la place of playing neutral to a country
that has fallen so far below th.* standard we
once accorded it, that a naturalist could not
The instance of the Civil War is no com
parison. It did not make? any difference to
England which ?ide won here, it woulii not
disturb them, but if the Allies lose, an?l B*S
have to tight a country that would control
Europe with a crazy ruler at it? h Bad, it
would muke a va?t difference with us. Which
i? the better plan: Help the Allies win out,
or take the consequence? if they ].>-??"
No, I am no particular friend to Englnn?l!
other thafl from a business point of view. I
am much nearer relate?! to the other side h\
family tie?, but am broad-minded enough tal
look ?*n both sides of the question.
JOHN B. ? AKLETON. j
tirotoB, Cona., Nov. l?, 1911?? . J
'an xmas fund for beloians
Shoes and Clothing | Special Need
of Sufferers from the War.
?To the Editor of The Trib ir.e.
Sir: Twelve months ago I made an ipp?i!
to Americans In behalf of ?ths I>"llar Chriit
mas Fund for Belgia: ? ?.?.? sf the ait?
j effort? made here and In Europe to avert t-i
threatened starvation of a nation. Th? *??
j spouse wae prompt and generoui. Not ole-i
| the rich contributed, but .ven many of tki
very poor, with the happy r*?ult that??*
I wore able to ?end to Helgium a Chriitm**
?ship laden not onlv with ChrlstRRM go H
??wishse, but with foo.l arul clothing. Tho.?
?were the days when every ?h.pload me??'
lives saved. Some of our belt friendi BUM
newspapers, and even little children in Sur
day schools gave freely from their pinar
banks in behalf of other ehildrOH leu hipp.
To the American ?"ommisiion for ?MM
in Helgium has been left 'he t??_ of RO?vi'.g
the food problem, and though the future o?
Belgian, in 1916 is bejond prophecy OR? MM
'apparently denon.l to a larger extent thin
ever upon American help. OBI ?OI tet\ ??
Isoaably assured thai "be prospect of famine.
| for this year at K-a?t, ha- been definitely n
moved. One-third of a ?Midier*! ration
'enough to keep body and soal 'ogether?
i now served daily to all RoeossitOOR pene?
The task now undertah? ?? by ths D?lier
'Christmas Fund is to collec' HIORRy for lb?**',
boots and clothes, which ore molt urge--!
needed, an?! for which , >? muit l?
provided. The Rceessity ? beceo.?
<?t the present time there SI. toughly, V
?.".oii.ooo destitute people it. ?Belg MR, end thi
; number increase? as the winter sppreRRRM
[The Belgians are unable to I ? '? -hoes, ?booti
'and clothes for themseb. tOtU ?'
the former wealthy are Ri * Ir the dei.T
1 bread line.
This year, as last, our ( ? ?* *ln"
approval and valued co-op? r.' .?-?*. of e *et_
mittee of representative eil ?. ireludwC
Colonel George Harvey, Dr. ? ta T. Horn?
Rday, ? -tur 1'. Law -?.:.. A ! ' ''' .
Ifessor Henry FalrileM i Wlllh-R ?*?
; Reich, .Melville K. Bteae, O-Rcsr 8, Stum m
?l.'orge T. Wilson. All our worsen ere hon?
orary arid all raoaey eolleete 1 "III h? tB'
pended by the American ?ors. isioR for F*
lief in Belgium. No better gui rSBtOS can si
gives that every pet - 'v:" ?'
wisely ?pent. Perry Belles, of M Uroadwe*.
New York, ha? again BBdortal ? I ""* ?"'fe
of iec rotary.
If, as many have forecast, Belfl-BI be?
heights of sacrifice and ? "? '*j
unattained to scale ?this ? ????' ' ' ?? J
least insure that the old n SB, the frsu
?vomen, the little children I SO] SI ??
"orphans of war" shall not ?go BBShee ?B?
without vour aid, as we know, the barefoot*4*
:n Belgium this winter Brill :' 'hi r*l?
rather than the exception. I I It, 'horefort.
with great earnestness thl I ' ''oPf
your dollar bill and ?en?l mere, if ft? etT
AI MBtrlbutiOBB should b. I ?0 ?-**
treasurer, and each will ' >' *C'
knowledge?!. HENR. CLEJ**)
Treasurer. Dollar ChrietBHM I?'?' ?'? ' / I)f,tl"
tute Belgian?, Broad Street. We* XmtU,
"Keep Up the Good Work."
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: At least one New York ROw-PSff
seems to have attained the state, of Cira?*
politanism and horse ?ense, an.) I ofTer )
my congratulations and trust >"J ?'?" (Ct
tinue to din into our head? the fact tsa
one Woodrow Wilson has ?tamed cur na?
tional honor by playing politic? with ?'
murder of our women and children on
Your editorial of this morning "Feme**
ber the Lusitania." ?hould be rea.i by every
man and woman in the f. S A "Saal
RRRRRR to be a thing totally lacking ??
American?, as a general rule, this day and at*.
Turkey-trotting, vernonca?tling and ot"*\
pieces ot asininity eeem to have robbe*
us of whatever principles there might be??
been In our make-ups, principlee for wnieB
our fathers died. Keep up the good mot?
and perchance a gleam of iiati?"??! boner
once mor. may H*?ert itself in th?' Amerlc**
people. p. E. CBOFI?
Now ?ib|l?oy. mkMsmo^,* ?BR^a.'V