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First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
IA XVI No. 25,6*88
The Tribune Aaa'n.)
SATURDAY, FEBRl AKY _1, L917
* * a
. ?_.?-? aOl^V-T* i? *?*-"?? ?'?"?* <i*r. **?????'??'?
().\h l l?> I Jeraey CHy and HoboWe?
For Army of
General Staff's Measure for
Universal Training Goes
All Youths of 19
To Get Year's Drill
Budget of $472,258,746 Will
Be Required, War
Washington, Feb. _3.-~-The War
Def?artnient made public to-day a
aynopsis of the ?\rmy General Staff
universal service and training plan
which was also sent to Congress
with estimates of cost and a de?
tailed outline for a bill to carty it
The main essentials of the plan
One year of military training
for all boys, beginning in their
nineteenth year, except those ex?
empted for specified reasons.
Exemption to be extended to
those physically or mentally unfijt
and those who are the sole sup?
port of otherwise destitute de?
Training to consist of eleven
months during the first year and
two weeks during the second and
third years of a reservist's lia?
Wnr service to be required of
all who have been trained in the
tirr-t and second reserve, the first
rese?e duty to extend over a pe?
riod of four years and one month
sfter training and s?acond reserve
duty for seven years. At. the con^
elusion of service in the organized
reserve the men would remain lia?
ble for duty until they reach the
ttge of forty-five.
Estimate of the t oat
Is estimating the cost of main
?enance of the proposed army, the
W?r College figured that an annual
military budget of *?4T_,_58.746
would l>e required to keep the pro
* posed force at a strength of 3,296,
(?23 men, including the regulars. The
total represents an annual cost per
man of $143.2?, and includes the cost
of training of the 475,000 recruits,
although it does not enumerate them
as available soldiers.
In comparison to this, the staff say-?,
th? eventunl military budget under the
present rational defence act will be
$539jS48,0(K) to maintain a partially
trained force of 826,673 National
Guardsmen in addition to the regular
army, or a total of 1,187,904 men, at a
per espita cost of $2<'
Other table, show the ultimate cost
?f the pr??po?ed universal system as
compared to the national defence act
plan. The _rst cost of the regular and
National Guard establishment contem?
plated by the defence act, with full re
?erve supplies and necessary construc?
tion of a permanent nature, such as
armories and the like, is given as $1,
Ia comparison to this, similar figures
'or the staff universal plan are: For
permanent construction, $2.138,031,:?7:J;
tantonment construction, $1,708,816,1*07.
Thi? would provide, however, for 3.
*t*,f)2','j men, who had had a year's
training, and pay also for the instruc
*.en and maintenance of 47&,(MK) boys
Secretan. BarVt-r's ?letter
Secretary Baker's letter to Senator
(-Umberlain transmitting the bill dis
?Ppointasd those who hoped he would
aedare unequivocally in favor of a uni?
sonal training system. But the Sec?
retary intimated that both he and the
"resident were giving it favorable con
'?deration, and that while no action
*aa expertea or aeked at the present
?***?ion of Congress, they would take
?**Mr eve from public opinion when
we next Congress convened.
la his letter the Secretary says:
laia plan is regarded by the mili
?u? SZEtrU of the Gcnen> *st*ff ??-?
*sal. They recognize, however, that
't Involves n?,t only a radical depert
tSt tretn the military traditions of
?**s eonntry, but that it present? a vaet
?*??-me of ?rganiration far larger both
? eost snd r?eoltc than anything yet
?*rio*i?ly considered by the people of
_* I'nltod SUtes. The General SUIT
?elieve? the plan, homerrer, to hav? this
"That it can be uaed in p?rt for the
warning of a less number of men and
?t a less cos?, in proportion, so that
????id tke opinion of the country,
?ben thorotjaj-nlv informed, come to
????r th* principles opon which this
??saur* i? based, its application could
? a? rapid or ?a gradual ?a th? Con
ttess may ?determine wise under the
,_!Tlu b:ll here transmitted looks to
ae annual training of about ?WO.OOO
?**?. arho, wl.en trained, pass into the
'r****', aatil ultimately there will be
???UsbU an aggregate force in the ae*
"?t and reserve fore? of the country
* **?et 'A,teOo.OM me?.
>laV !:*B"n,tue ?e*ire such modlftca
*?? ?? any of the ??tails "
?Wf-at ?f (eemeral HUM Pia?
,J,,?'?f_?,?? ?a th? digest ?f th? Gen
^***M national army plan, prepared
A r?as<?eW? meassre el Set.
n -BASIC PRINHPUS?
s.m??S" '? ***1***S u> offset ?aiver
??1 l???lrlt7 te tra?ais?, la am?te e?d te
NEAR-SIGHTED OLD LADY TO UNCLE SAMUEL: "QUIT YOUR CROWDIN'! DON'T
YOU SEE WHAT YOU'RE DOING?"
?servie? in war, decentralization of
ministration in peace and war an
: talization of organization.
Ill TRAINING AND SERVICl
1. Training in Peace. To effect
i versality of training in peace and
( cient service in war it is propose,
call out all able-bodied male citi
in their nineteenth year for el?
I months' continuous training, to be
I lowed by two repetition courses of
! weeks each, one in their ttvent
j year and one in their twenty-first y
It i.? proposed that only the follov
classes should be exempted from I
'hi Those permanently physicall?.
mentally unfit for service of any k
Such men will be permanently rejec
[O) Those temporarily physical!)
(e) Those who are the sole suppi
of destitute dependents.
2. Service In War. All non-exemr
i physically and mentally f?t male c
zens who have completed their ?
?scribed eleven months' continu
training are liable for service in
- reserves as follows:
?a! In the first reserves for f?
' years and one month.
(b) In the second reserves for se?
(el Thereafter until they reach
I age of forty-five years in the unorg
j ized reserves.
IV PERMANENT PERSONNEL
1. Oversea Garrisons, Frontier For?
and Training Forces. Under this pi
the .?oldiers of the United States i
; to be the young men of the Repub
who, after temporary military serv
I for purposes of training, will be d<
nitely organized into a localized i
tiooal army. Permanent soldiers a
to be employed only for those dut:
which cannot be performed by citiz
soldiers, and the permanent personr
: is therefore reduced to a minimi
consistent with efficiency.
Permanent personnel will be requir
, for the following purposes:
?i To form the necessary garriso
? of our naval bases and other overs
(bi To form a small detachment f
frontier (ruard dutv and for the d
fence of our fortifications at home.
(c) To form the administrative ai
2. Increase in Permanent Personn?
[ In order to provide the permane
' personnel necessary for these pu
: poses, considerable expansion of oi
, present military establishment will 1
necessary, especially in the number ?
officers and non-commissioned officer
In order to utilize existing militai
resources to the fullest extent, it
proposed to recruit the present estai
iishaaeat, BO far as practicable, by r
ceiving qualified officers and non-con
missioned officers of the Nation:
Guard, organized militia and suitab
enlisted men of the regular army.
! ?In like manner it is proposed to n
vite graduates of military' schools an
colleges, and all other citizens of foi
mcr military training and experienc
V. CREATION QP RESERVES
The problem of preparedness is n<
met by merely providing a large nun
ber of trained individuals. Trained so
diers must be formed into d?finit
: tactical organizations before they ca
, be- employed in war, and in order t
meet modern conditions these unit
?Hie? be trained. organized an
equipped in time of peace.
1. The First Reserve. In order t
meet these conditions the trained re
earrifta in their first four years an
<ne month of reserve service will forr
the pereonnel of the First Reserve. Th
First Reserve is to be a definitely or
I gonized and localized national army
complete in every unit?
2. The Sr-roi-d Reeerve. After fou
? years and one month service in th?
First Rese?e the reservist will pasi
into the Second Reserve. The Seconi
, Reserve will be a localized nationa
' army, organized like the First Reserve
bot as it will not be required for im
mediate mobilization it need not be ?<
fully equipped, ard it will not be calle?;
out for annual manoeuvre?.
S. Reserve Officers. When the ??> i?
tern first goes into operation all citizen.?
who have had military training in thi
National Guard or from any other
; source and who do not elect service in
the permanent establishment will be in?
vited to qualify for appointment as re?
VI. STATE MILITIA
Th? plan contemplates a strtcily Frd
I eral army for national defence, hut
' aome provision must be made for the
' atates until they will have organized
forces of constabulary or some other
power to prevent domestic disorder.
Por this reason it is proposed to con?
tinue to the state? for a period of five
years the financial support provided by
the so-called Dick bill as amended
prior to the passage of the national de?
fence act ot June 3, 191?.
It is?, proposed to continue such sup
port indefinitely to the Hawaiian mi?
litia snd to thst of Porto Blco.
Ends in Disorder,
"Nothing Is Done"
Kirchwey Asserts "We've
Degenerated Into a
Two hundred pacifist?* from all sec?
tions of ?.he country, who have been
in session at the Hotel Biltmore since
Thursday to aeree on an anti-war pro?
gramme which all peace organizations
could support, adjourned in disorder
last night without having accomplished
their purpose, or. in the opinion of
Dr. George W. Kirchwey, chairman,
"anything else of any consequence."
A resolution favoring submission of
the question of a declaration of war to
popular vote was rescued from the
avalanche of motions, counter motions
and amendments which beset the con?
ference, and was finally passed by the
dele-fates a? individuals. The action,
it was pointed out, will not bind the
twenty-eight organizations represented
by the delegates, nor will it have the
official support of any of them.
"We have degenerated into a mass
meeting: there is nothing but chaos,"
exclaimed Dr. Kirchwey when the
wrangle of protesting pacitists was at
its height. "Since we can't have order,
let us have chaos for a while."
The introduction b?- Dr. Arthur D.
Call of another resolution in which the
conference was asked to pledge sol?
emnly its appreciation of the integrity
and patriotic devotion of President
Wilson was the signal for more dis?
"I object1" shouted Joseph ?. Can?
non, of th<? League Against Militarism.
"We don't appreciate those things at
all. I move that we pledge our sup?
port to President Wilson in so far as
he conscientiously struggles against
In confusion the amendment was put
to the vote and was carried, its oppo?
nents orotesting against the count.
Resolutions providing for the dispatch
to Washington of a delegation of paci?
fists which should bring the resolution
to the President's attention; resolu?
tions calling upon Congress to settle
international difficulties by conciliatory
measures only, and resolutions provid?
ing for publicity measures also were
carried after considerable discussion
?nd acrimonious debate.
The sudden disappearance from view
of a committee on findings which the
delegates had appointed to consider
resolutions before they should be put
to the conference occasioned consider?
able questioning and amusement. After
many proposals had been referred to
this body without result or report, a
delegate was moved to ask Chairman
Kirchwey where the committee could
be found and how* it could be made to
"In the words of Cicero, pronounced
on a similar occasion, you may search
me,'' the chairman replied, in perplex?
Miss Emily Balch, instructor of Eng?
lish at Wellesley College, .?.aid the com?
mittee, of which she was a member,
was in a "state of innocuous desuetude."
In the confusion Dr. Anna Garlin
Spencer, professor of sociology in
Alleghany College, Mesdville, Prnn.,
Chicago's Promising Signs
Samuel Hopkins Adams found Chicago full of
promising signs. Some of them promised $25 clothes
for $15 or $425 pianos for $89.
But many were genuine indications of better ad?
vertising days to come?a lively Advertising Bureau and
a wholesome newspaper attitude, for instance.
To-morrow he describes the signs and reads their
meaning. You will find the record an absorbing one,
whether you live in New York, Chicago or one of the
other cities which Mr. Adams will visit soon.
Zht ?unftnt< -Tribune
Fittt to Latt the Truth: New?- Editorial??Advartitement?
Memlaer <?! id? Au.Ill Bureau ?af ?In ul.itlons
Will Force Extra Session
To Hold Wilson in Check
Congress Will light Un?
limited Powers for Presi?
dent in U-Boat Crisis
U> STEVENSON H. EVANS
Washington, Feb. St. When Presi
>t dent Wilson asks Congress for author
? ity to use the military force of the
I United State? for the protection of
' American lives and rights the request
will be couched in pacific and concilia?
If this request is limited to some*
I thing specific, such as the arming of
? American merchantmen or the convoy
. ing of our ?hips through the forbidden
1 zones, it will be granted freely. If the
President asks for blanket authority to
I use the land and naval forces as he
; deems proper there will be a fight
: against him, and the chief objectors
; will be in his own party.
It is a request for limiter! authority
I that Congress expects, coupled with a
statement of the situation from the
i point of view of the State Department,
a report in general terms on the pre?
paredness of the War and Navy depart?
ments and a brief history of ?-vents
since the announcement of the break
The President met lus Cabinet this
i afternoon in a prolonged session. It
was Said by several member" of the
Cabinet after the meeting that the
international situation v.iis elacuased
in all its phases, but that the discus
| sion came to no conclusion.
Secretary I.ansing said after the
meeting that he intended to spend the
i week end and Monday at White Sul
j phur Springs. W. Vn. Hut it does not
I necessarily follow, it is said, that his
I absence means there will be no devel
? opments or announcement of the Pre?;
i dent's policy.
Besides the virtual admission at th?
i State Department that there is little
! hope of avoiding n diplomatic break
with Austria, there are several evi
? dences that Count Tarnow von Tar
nowski, the Ambassador Designate, ex
i pects soon to follow von Hernstorff.
! So arrangements have been mado for
Count Tarnowski to have any part or
i even to witness the inaugural ceremo
I nies. Preparations are being made to
? ask the Entente governments for a safe
! conduct for the Austrian Ambassador
| and tho Austrian consuls in this coun
Baron Zwiedtnek. the Austrian Charg?
d'Affaires, called at the State Depart?
ment to-day and was told that onlv a
withdrawal of the declaration of sub?
marine frightfulness could maintain
It was made known to-day that the
1 delay in the settlement of our future
' relations with Austria was responsible
j to a large degree for the delay in de?
ciding to arm American ships with
The question of arming American
l merchantmen will bo quickly answered.
I There are signs that the Navy Depart -
I ment is ready to act on a moment's no
I tice to install the guns and supply the
I gunners. The Navy Department waits
I only the definite announcement by the
, Republicans in Senate Bi
Filibuster; Threaten t(
Block Big Bills
Washington, Feb. J3. Rep?blica
the Senate began what is virtual
filibuster to-day and threw into th
all plans for the remaining seven ?
ing days of the session, threat*
essential pending legislation and
' shadowing opposition to any req
President Wilson may make for
authority to deal with the internati
! crisis after Congress adjourns,
did not challenge charges on the
that they deliberately wer.* seekin
, force the Presi?lent to call an extra
Although the Democrats believe
fight is aimed chiefly at the Admi
tration's emergency revenue bill
drew prompt and hearty support f
those opposing any grant of additic
power to the Executive which mi
i result in aggressive action to proi
American rights in the war zone.
Begin hilling Time
The trouble began when the niajoi
rejected an amendment modifying
excess profits tax provision of the r
entie measure. There was a conf?re
preiided over by Senator Lodge ;
participated in by leaders of both wii
of the Republican party, including S
ators Pcnros?, Smoot, Weeks and Rr
degee, of the regulars, and La Follel
Poindexter and Nereis, of the Progr
Returning to the floor, the Repuk
cans began 'wiling time, ?peaking 1
hours, while the exasperated Den
SiatS listened helplessly.
Democratic leaders nre corsideri
forcing all-night ?e?---ioii? in an effi
to tire the filibusters out, an?! th
ma;- begin to-morrow.
Filibustering continued until
o'clock to-night, when leaders of bo
sides agreed upon a recess until t
morrow. No Democrat addre??? ?1 t
Senate unless asked a question, the d
bate being carried on by Republic)
Senators, among them Sterling. (Ironn
Sherman and Weeks.
Sure of Extra Session
With reference to the attitude ?
i the Republicans toward the lagislath
programme, some of them said to-nigl
that the revenue bill might be allow?
to pass some time next week, bal thi
? "?he public may be very sure that thei
' will be an extra session of Ceagfl
A surprising unanimity ?>f ?piai?
was expressed at the Republican cat
cus that Congress should remain i
session, ready for any emergency. Of
position was manifested to any gran
of general powers to the President dur
? ing the nine months' reces? whic
would ensue if no extra session shoul
| be called.
Underlying this view were wide!;
differing reasons. La Follette Hnd Nor
ns fear that if the President is left t?
deal with the situation without any re
straining influence from Congress h?
?vill plunge the country into war
Lodge and Brandegee fear that he wil
let Germany kill American citizen!
without number without taking any de
cisive steps to protest American right?
No decision a? to the steps to be
taken was reaehed. It was decide?!
however, that the Republican Senator?
"would discus? all pending legislation
just a? though March I was many
months away, instead of just seven
legislative days distant."
Refuse To Be Rushe-d
"Senator La Follette has fifty amend
ments to the revenue bill alone, and
he will speak on every one of them,"
declared a Senator who scarcely even
speaks to the Wisconsin Progressive,
in describing the situation.
"There is to be no filibuster," said
nearly every Republican Senator in
the same words. "Please dont get the
idea there is to be any such thing.
We are merely going to consider ?II
the pending bills sanely, and not per?
mit any hasty legislation. If a bill is
noi worth discussing we won't discus.?
it. But if it? importance should war
i rani debate and amendment, we will
: point out our position and seek* to
I 3 More Ships
The retultt of th? Teuton >ub
ruirine rtimpni:in from February /
to dat? are at foUnxtt:
ADDITIONAL SINKINGS REPORTED
Belgier. British . 4,588
Watlineld, British . 3.012
Doravore, Norwegian. 2.7oO
Invf-rcauld, British. 1,416
San Mich?le. Italian. 583
Adelina. Italian. 528
Ape, British. 464
Giovanni P., Italian. 105
Two smacks. British. 200
* .X'il\i,il.il,l,j ,lnrl ttUUaat Unk.HO-U.il.
Number of ships, 162; tonnage.
TOTAL SINCE FEBRUARY 1
Number of ships. 175; tonnage.
382,805; British. 95; other Allied,
18; American, 2; other neutrals,
41; unknown nationality, 19.
U. S. Missionary
Drowns as U-Boat
Athos, 12,644 Tons, Torpe?
doed Despite Warship
Convoy; 1,450 Rescued
Pans. Feb. 23. Robert Allen Haden,
an "imerican Presbyterian missionary
stationed at Soo Chow, China, perished
when the French transport Athos was
torpedoed without warning in the Med?
iterranean. .'10 miles east of Malta, on
The Athos, a 12,644-ton liner, was
carrying Senegalese troops and French
? olonial laborers, and was torpedoed
whil?? under convoy by the French tor
pedoboat destroyers Mameluk and En?
seigne Henry. These vessels, aided by
a gunboat, saved 1.450 persons from
the sinking ship. The Athos was on
her way from Japan to Marseilles.
The submarin* showed neither flag
nor number by which she might have
been identified, and may have been an
Austrian undersea boat.
The Athos was a steel twin-screw
steamer and was built at Dunkirk in
1?.14 for the Messageries Maritimus, of
U. S. Will Not Take Action
If Ship Was ?Transport
Wa-ahington, Feb. 23. The following
dispatch was received by the State De?
partment to-day from Consul Keblin
ger, at Malta:
"Robert Allen Haden. Presbyterian
missionary, vas drowned when French
liner Athos was torpedoed, without
warning, 210 miles east of Malta on
?he 17th. When the ship was struck he
went to the aid of the Chinese on
board. Otherwise would probably have
been saved. Reported large number of
troop? on board. Not definitely ascer?
tained if ship was transport."
Information is being gathered offi?
cially to determine the importance of
the Athos case in relation to the tense
situation between the United States
and the Central Powers. If it is defi?
nitely established that the Athos was
acting as a transport this government
probably will have no cause for action.
Haden Killed on Way
To Join His Family
I'. ? r.-ia*A*rapl? ta? The M*MM, !
i,ville. Tenn., Feb. 23. Robeft Al?
len Haden, Presbyterian missionary at
Soo Chow, was en route to Lucerne,
Switzerland, to take his wife and six
children back to China with him, when
he wus killed on the Athos. He had
been a missionary since 1891, when he
was graduated from the Southwestern
Presbyterian University, at Clarksville,
Tenn. He was born at Keatchie. I.oti
tsian?, in 186.V Since 1908 he had been
an evangelistic missionary at North Soo
? how. In 1897 Mr. Haden married Mis?
Kugenie Clara Hilbold. of Switzerland.
GRAJ-TD CENTRAL THRONGS
FLEE AS FIRECRACKER POPS
Three Calm Men Suspected, but Are
Freed After Search
An explosion resounded in the west
end of the Grand Cen'.ral Terminal at
6 o'clock last night while the crowds
were pouring down the incline from
Yanderbilt Avenue. There was an im?
mediate upheaval at the lower end of
the incline and the throngs began to
flow backward to the street.
Patrolmen Curry ?nd Culler., who
had heard the concussion as they stood
on Yanderbilt Avenue, pushed their
wsy through the crowds.
Just in front of the newsstand at the
base of the incline was a clear space.
Three young men lounged against
the counter eying the throng with
"Who touched off that bomb?" de?
"To what bomb do you refer?" count?
ered one of the young raen.
"This one!" cried Cuitan triu-rn
phantly as he picked up s discharged
firecracker about two nches long and
half an inch in diameter.
The young men inspected the relic
calmly and with interest, but put for?
ward no ilaim. A? they possessed
nothing more incriminating than safety
matches they were allowed to go.
kor uiu mufan .ajak nan
Vz, lirait. ? Kumyss.?-Atlvt.
English Food Crisis
Is Faced Heroically
British Are Prepared
For New Sacrifices
Accept Food Restrictions as
Means to Victory and Are
Ready for More
?) VRTHl R S. DRAPER
Hy ?'able to The Tribune)
London, Feb. 23.?Britain is tak?
ing her medicine standing up and
smiling. As Premier Lloyd George
indicated in his sp-eech in the House
of Commons this afternoon, the food
situation has reached a crisis. In
the distance loom up the spectres of
compulsory food rations and con?
scription of labor?though the latter
is far off.
Britain faces the toughest prob?
lem of the war. But the people have
at last been taken into the confidence
of the government; their eyes have
been opened to the true state of af?
fairs and they are prepared for
the struggle to come. In good
spirits they will accept all restric?
tions, will be perfectly willing to
make more and more sacrifices, pro?
vided it means the winning of the
War Most Be Won
Everything is to be subordinated
| to that; the war must be won.
To appreciate the full significance |
i of the grave warning contained in
j the Premier's speech, recourse must
I be made to some figures on British
shipping, import and tonnage, Be
, fore Um war Britain had some 3,600
ships of over a thousand tons, ag?
gregating 16,000,000 tons. To this
amount must be added captured Ger
. man ships and those built or bought
since hostilities commenced.
On the debit side, so far as the
, civilian population is concerned,
1 must be set approximately 8,000,000
, tons used for the army, nearly
2.000,000 tons utted by Britain's
! allies and nearly 3,000,000 more
j tons which the Germans claim to
have disposed of.
After the frank speeches of Lloyd
George and flir Kdward. Carson, it is
apparent why the economic situation
is considered extremely grave.
According to the latest figures,
commodities amounting to 37,400,000
tons, of which 16,000,000 tons consti?
tuted foodstuffs, were imported by
Great Britain last year.
To decrease the import tonnage
there must be strict economy in con?
sumption, intensive farming and the
i reduction of non-essentials. Last
1 year Great Britain imported, approxi?
mately, 9,000,000 tons of iron and
other ores. Lloyd George says this
cannot be reduced.
K?t*onomy in Paper
I he Premier's announcement of the
reduction of paper distributed be?
tween the printing and packing trades
' to ??140,000 tons means the halving of
their last year's supply. Already the
paper*? have anticipated this move by
reducing the size or increasing the
price, or both.
In 1916 '.,000,000 tons of petroleum
\ were imported by Britain, and no
change has been announced in this
Lloyd George's speech indicates a
probable reduction of tt per cent in
non-food imports, as compared with the
? 1H16 figures. His most drastic reduc
; tions are aimed at imports of food?
stuffs. No American apples or mineral
table waters, no tea from China, no
coffee from .Ja?a or Brazil, will be per?
mitted to enter the country. Many
. American manufactured articles are to
j be place-d under the ban.
American firms dealing in typewriters
and photographic apparatus almost
: monopolize the English market, but
have factories here. The importation of
, American boots and shoes, once heavy,
j ha.? decreased greatly in the last
The output of beer is to be cut to
one-third of that in normal times. It
is estimated that thia means the sav
, ing of 15,000.l)i'<i b?.shels of barley,
400,000 bushels of maize and nee, 8,
000,000 pounds of sugar and 17.000,000
pounds of hops.
Italy and Spain Affected
The SI per cent reduction in the im?
port of oranges, bananas and nuts
chiefly affects Italy and Spain, espe
1 cially the former, which found a large
market in Germany long after the war
To encourage farming on the maxi?
mum scale the government undertakes
i to guarantee the pri*-?s of oats and
whea* for *hree year?, and potatoes for
the present year.
From time to time it is probable that
additional commodities will be included
in the prohibited or restricted lists,
but as constituted now they will not
at once affect the people seriously.
In the figures quoted earlier regard?
ing import tonns?e, neutral as well as
British ships arc included. During th?
first, part of last year neutral shipping
! suffered only lightly from submarine
attacks; now a large part of it is tied
! up in port
Walter Runeiman, following the
? Premier, sounded the keynote by his
; reference to the importance of labor's
j attitude henceforth. It will be the de?
ciding factor in agriculture and ship
< building and also in the question of
: supply and demand, unless the govern?
ment desert* voluntary for a compul
? sory system of rationing.
The war triumvirate? Lloyd George,
; Milner and Turzon still control the
situation, and they are prepared to
j give a strong lead.
THF ORRENBKIKK -While .**?. p.. .,
Springs. ,?, ?at \o I.leal USM tor th?
cur? Only un? olght frmn Sttr York.
Lloyd George Announces
Embargo on Huge Volume
Lowest in History
Prices for Farm Products
Guaranteed for Years ; All
London, Feb. 23.? Great Britain
ha? determined upon drastic meas
i.rer to increase her home food pro?
duction and to curtail all non-essen?
tial imports, a.- the best way to
back up her army and navy in their
stiuggle with the Teutons.
Official indication of the effect of
the enemy's U-boat campaign was
given to-day, when Premier Lloyd
George declared in the House of
Commons that the success of the En?
tente cause rested on England's abil?
ity to solve the tonnage shortage,
which was now affecting not only the
ordinary needs of the nation, but
also the military exigencies.
To achieve the success of the En?
tente, the Premier announced, spe?
cific measures had been determin?9d
upon by the government.
Guarantee to English farmers
of minimum prices for wheat and
potatoes for several years to come.
Fixing of minimum wsge for
Cutting down of production of
all breweries and distilleries to
about one-third of normal produc?
Prohibition on importation of
coffee, tea, cocoa, all raw fruits
except lemons and oranges, vege?
tables, hides, timber, leather, boots
and shoes, wine?, mineral waters
and agricultural machinery.
Curtailment of paper ?mpeite
i Prohibition on importation of
I all luxuries.
Everything must be sacrificed to
the conservation of shipping, the
? Premier declared. A great increase
| in shipbuilding was planned, he said.
; There was no sure way to victory, he
' added, without hunting the subma
', rines from the deep.
Colonial Premier? Present
A crowded house at the special meet?
ing listened to the Premier's speech,
the premiers of Canada and New Zea?
land being present in the diplomatic
Premier Lloyd George announced
that the United Kingdom would en?
deavor to depend upon its own re?
sources for timber, which heretofore
largely had been imported, the chief
obstacle to its production being an
insufficient force of skilled workmen
for cutting and? finishing it.
It was announced that in deciding
what commodities should be excluded
from the United Kingdom to econo?
mize in tonnage the government had
to take into account the interests of
I its Allies. The threatened restrictions
aroused immediate protests from
France, as the impo;.s from that coun?
try of mineral waters, winea, brandy,
' silks, needle work and of all kinds of
| garments and luxuries, such as hon
\ nets, feathers and flowers, represent
a considerable income to the French
The power given to the Board ?of
! Trade to issue special lieenaea, how
: ever, may be freely exerciaed in be
| half of the allies of Great Britain, ?a
ships taking munitions and other aup
I plies to France and Italy hare ample
tonnage to bring return cargoea. Thar?
are now heavy stocks of French win??
In hia peroration the Premier said:
"I know of no body of honorable mea
who would take for one hour the re?
sponsibility for the conduct of thia ter?
rible war unless the nation was pre?
pared to take its share of the sacrifices.
I say it would be a crime it would, b?
a black crime for any government t?
ask the gallant men at the front to risk
their brave lives in the coming conflict
if they knew the effort of the nation
was faint-hearted, was selfish and that
1 their ?acriiice-i were thrown away.
Asks Nation to Accept
"We have 1.0 right to ask it For
I that rcison I have come her?, afUr
long deliberation and thought and on
| behalf of the government, to submit
proposals which ! hope the Commone
j will approve and the nation will carry
out with unflinching and ungrudging
Mr. Lloyd George said that for sons?
i time there has been a shortage of ton?
nage required for the general needs of
the nation, and even a slight shortage
in the tonnage for military purpose*.
The nation should realize absolutely
what the conditions were.
"If we take drastic measures," he
continued, "we can cope with the suU
tnarine menace, but if the nation ia not
prepared to accept drastic measurea for
dealing with the menace, disaster ia be.
"The government is hopeful of _s4?