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title: 'New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 22, 1917, Image 1',
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(TJJ. MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Rain to-day; probably fair and coldef
to-morrow; southmat to aouth
wlnda, ahlftiflf to northweat
to-night with _ale force.
First to Last?tke Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
I ull Hrport on P_t- 1
Vl... IAW II No. 25,939
fopvrUht 1917 ?
fhe Trlbunr Aaa'o)
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1917
1 erl. I ||T
N. Y. Aliens
In Panic Over
prominent Business Men
Barred From Offices by
the New Decree
Even German Residents of
Riverside Drive May
I reslization tha! evcrv
Btailablt* Federal force, military ar.d
eivil, ifl to be applied to the enforce
men*. ot thfl restrictions put on en?
emy aliens by President Wilson in his
Bflfliat proclamation, dismay seized
local German circles yesterday.
prominont business men with offlce*
:0 the barred zones. men who con
clusively rrovod their excellent com?
mercial a?soci"itlons and took friends
with them to uphold them as "good
fcllows," visited the office of Thomai
p. MeCflrthy, United States Marshal.
jr" the throes o" apprehension.
-I an thfl president of such and
iflch company, with offices on We?"
Street,' or "I am the head of the BO
?,<..,_? , meern in the Whitehal!
Midinc," they variously annour.re i.
"You are- not going to put me out?"
?"Are >on a German?" invariably
atktri the Marahal, and. on being an
iwere.l in the affirmative, as invariably
Mflied, "Vou must vacate.*'
Tleas of Aliens in Vain
Pleas that tho pleaders were resi
t>nt- of loi ? ood flfltablishad
? they would be ruined
they owned property
re.-ence, or that numerona em?
ployes depended upon them for their
-.-,- the Marsha'
w-tfa -iited dictum -"Show
eitkenship papers or get out!"
Bu: *??<?? WR*' a
itfct, - *.ed to at
Uin, hut "had neg fltqoirfl in
the stress i One man who
*w*if six saloona in the Sonth Streel
t said he bad been in Nrw York
?enty yeara that an
ina would vouch for
but that he had never been
j,,., H" will V- unable to
Saa h:- placc3 of business until a'tc-r
*** ? ,. ? L .
Hts ' Germani living between
F_?t Kifty-.oarth Street and Fast
Street on Avenue A and
?cn-jp will be called upon
omes. Even German
?" Riverside I'rive will be
they occuny houses or apart
mtrit ' 0 yards of the ??
President's order is clear.'
tion* ? tions. 1 believe cer?
tain ? able, but I
am p irry out the order ai
it is !
Poliee An-ed to Aid
Ar Woods, Polic: Commiaaioner.
Suie .' rney General I
r ta ition of the Poliee De
flHflfl I McCarth;
terda ' '"tions
t so-.* I Eli D I
eat of the
?flflflfl! for the diitriSution of
lil?r i Hoeh
phot- :?: various
flfl ' one i
to g ng his
Zone Rules to Make
Hoboken as 'Verboten'
As Kaiser's Own Park
***k ? 1 - ? dam.
? of the P
? ? amation,
?7 n itonic
aah . a r e d <
"?naat.r-j j ',.'?;-.. The
****'? of ? - Hamburg Ami
***' would Iei
** An i the
*?*??' - - a sirniiar propo
t*0 ' . . ;? ,
**** -? ?'. Tueaday.
****" neral the
r*Wrr to .
? '"?ffl -,f partieular '???
tha ' 'v ' ?
. \. ' he.
J known .?
^'" ' * .r.l. ot I'.l
Continued on Laet Page
Vote in Britain
Parliament Amends Elec
toral Bill to Disfranchise
All Those Exempted
LONDON, Nov. 21. The House of
Ccmmons, by a vote of 209 to 171,
udopted an amendment to the electora'
1 ill disfranchi-ing conscientious ob?
jectors to war.
In the course of the debate, which
'asted throughout thc entire after
noon, Andrew Bonar Law, Chancellor
( f the Fxchoquer, announced that thc
government did not deriro to influence
thfl House in any way on the question.
but that it would leave the members
free to vote as their conseiences di
N. Y. Suffragists
Women in Convention Clear
Themselves of Charge
Thc New York State suffraj-ists
knocked out the "reprisal plank" from
their piatform yesterday afternoon.
The section of the recommendation*,
which previously declared that suffra- I
Kists thould campaign against men
"who were con-istent!y opposed to
woman surTragr. and whose reccrds
show them to have been opposed to the
iataraflta of women and children and
to humanitarian lejrislation in gen
eral," was purj-fd of the words "who
were consister.tly opposed to woman
suffrape." The chantre clears the suf?
fragists of the charge of "vindictive- j
against Klon R. Brown, Senator .
Wadeworth, jr., nnd other np
tonenta of suffrage.
Thc BBattfll wa* cleared up by Miss
Mary (iarrett Hay, chairman of the
Woman Suffrage party for .New York
City, when she rose in the cornicntion
yesterday afternoon at the Kitz-Carl
ton, and demanded to know who was
for giving out thfl "re
pri-nl clause" to the pre.--.
"This clause had beea sxrucl-. out at
the session of the state committee in
the morning," said Miss Hay, "and
should never have been piven out."
Miss Alice Morgan W'right, secretary
of the party, rxpla.ried that the rec
ornti'f-ndatioi:-, had been released for
j ub'.ication before the change* had
Miss Hay Caused the ( hanjcc
Hay aid after the mcetinj- that
thfl rocommendations had been formu
lated by the eZCCUtive board of the
] arty, and whe. they were proposed
th* . tatt committee ishe had
i . reelf aaovfld to nmend them in a way
to cut out thc reprisal elatue. She
. io dec ared that sne would ehallenga
thc policv of eaanpaigning agninst
CongTflaM who failed to
Fed* rai ameiulme.-.t. This
subject will come up for linal action
convention this morning:. The
mikei no i ef*r< the i re?
attitude of Keprcsen'ativ.'s tow
ard the Federai amendment, but atate*;
"In view of the likelibood of the im*
te submission of the federal
amendment to thc fltatfl Legialaturea
;"or ratit.cation, we should campaign
? ? the nomination or election of
lates for tiie New x?ork Legi
? und eamtaaign agninst
for I". ? -, will not agrea to in*
i edera! amendm, n'., provid
amendmi nt has not
: before th* next Congrea*Jon*l
place in l9llLM
Il 4-.-as pointed out that critki of
? suffrage vv on j d mterprct thi to
? .- \40uld put
? ? i - dment flhead of the
the eon g elect ion. Th*
On Was Puf aa]
? were two candidates
1 disloyal per?on,
, pod ral paiandment,
ar.d the other a loyal, patriotic Arror
can, who did not believe in thc Fed*
nendment, would you not be com
roting for the d --loyal per
Mrs. (ati Wah Anjn
? ? I BBfl an Catt, prcsi
tiie National American Woman
Suffrage As ociation, fixed the que*
? V4 .- b tin :ir:i;r; >
"Anv or.e who put* that interpreta*
tion upon that plank i' goilty of thfl
tatioB," ihe aaid,
"We are orj rffrage, and
.ve Intflnd '" -.'.rk for
?;, all our might. N'o one
"What that piatform iiichm- >. th-t,
.al, we shall vote
n who i* a friend of our
i1 would probably bovot come
. bj yv ;.;., beeauae thia mat?
ter will l?- thraehod oot Ib th* prl
. ar.d Bfl Ottfl will run for <',.n
? i'i favor of the Pfld
? i n'.'*
Iflfla Hay when Bflhod whet she wou.d
,lo ir. .- >" i of being obi.g-d
| . r < ou.itry BBd
.1 i.n er dm.-n! I aid :
hm. tatfl al my country
hang on on* mu.., and tlyt flaflfl could
aave the eiauntrjr, bat ?.?. oppooed to
, deral BBsendment, "f eoui i I
?,.. ? . l.-i-n I.mdlhw also re
., .j- .'.,,. i al ' - ' ' -"mi-n
. ,,nt. t.uftrtige fir-.t in a national
"It in not probable," ahe s .i.l, "that
|h. pro (.ermano, who have be-n the
C ntinued on Laat Page
Ships in Week
Toll of U-Boats and Mines
Takes Jump Over Pre?
Ten Vessels Over
Tonnage of 1,600
Greatest Destruction Since
the Latter Part of
LONDON. Nov. 81. Scvonteen Pnt
irih merchantmen were sunk by mines
or submarines last week, according to
the weekly statement issued by the Ad?
miralty. Of these ten were vessels of
1,600 tons and over and seven of less
than 1,600 tons.
Last week's record of British mer?
chantmen sunk greatly exceeds that of
the r.revious week, when only one ves
scl of 1,600 tor.s or over and five craft
of less tonnage arere sent tO thc bot
iom. In fact, it teprescnta in tiie ag
grognte the greateat number >>f veeaela
uoatroyud cinec the week of october
28, when elffhteen v-?re loat, Since then
ther* h:.s heen -i f-radual fallinj* off in
shipping losses, until thc minimum
since Ormany's intensitied sunmarine
campaign began was reached November
11 with a tftal of : ix.
As far -..-. the ios.-cs of larpe vessels
nre concerned, thc preecnt Admiralty
report apparently bear.- out the opti*
i, at ?? itatement made recently by Pre
Biier Lloyd 'Imr,** that he had no fur?
ther fear of submarine.-; aiso that of
?he Fir.-t Con! of Ce Admiralty that
enemy submarines were being sunk to
an increaaing extent, for thc smking
in the 1,600 and over catepory last
week were the loan March, ex?
cept for the weeks of September 16,
November 1 and November 11, when in
the two former weeks the total >n each
InatanCfl Wfll eight and in thfl latter
Premier I.loyd C-ort*e in his addro-s
to th.- lie-.- flf t'ommons early in the
present week" said that five lubmarinei
i-.ad been d.-slrnyed IflSl Baturdfly, hut
he gflV* no further information nn the
subject. Sir Kric (,rddc: . th'
Pirsl Lord of the Admiralty, in his
n-aidc.i ipeech before Parliameut, as
..?r'.-i that between 10 and 60 per cent
of Ccrma- ^ubmarines operating in the
N'c.it 1; Sea and th- Arctic and Atlantic
(?ceans sinc thc bcg.nning of the war
had bf'-n sunk.
1I<. added thnt enemy submarines
arar* b? ne aunh to aa increasintr ea
tent, bul that the Germana were huild
m* them fa tet than they previoujly
V-Boat Routes Better
Known to Allied Navies
LONDON, Nov. tl. The submarines'
regular routes to and from their bases
are becoming better ar.d better known
to the British and American navie-..
How wall, the Germani ara probably
anxious to know.
The Admiralty so far is silent as to
the mea:.* whflfflby flve "pofltfl of the
ii .," bi lloyd Georg* ao aptly calls
them, were put out ot" buainesi last
Saturday, and there ifl considerable
ipeculatioB her* whether they w?re
bagged Ib buachea or eoincidentally in
tone* ef opflratlon. On* augge*
tmn eonnecti tha naval enterprifle in
Helittolar.d Bight Saturday with the
,:,.-?. .!,?? ,,; . , thi enemy aubma
Another is thflt thc air raid on Zee
brugge reaulted iti direct hit* on a*v?
cral u-boati lyiag in ? baflin. A third
is that Kritish' destmyei- dilCOVered a
rest of U-boata aomewhere on the bot*
.,,1 flr?r* flbli te deatroj them
Bagging five U-boata in one day is a
considerable foa* an.l nnparallalod in
thc history of flrar. It may Wflll bfl
considered the Britiah navy-a gtouU I
?ingle day'a aucceaa. According to the
ikoning i' take* about
? ? hs to turn out one of the?c un
-. . . : i, th* loa* of live
lepresented nearly aight months' vork
;.: thc aggregate -.-?
One Ship in Week ls
Italy's Submarine Loss
ROME, Nov- '?'?' Itall -i marine
lov.^cs from submarine flttack* durinR
the week .-nded November ik were one
larg* ateamer sunk and Another ateam
,.r ,ja., torpedo ar.d afterward
,oWP,| tu-day's offieial an
First Keel Lair1 by
Federal Ship Company
In the prescne I thfl high
offieial* of tha Uaited Statea Bt - I
< orporfltioo, Preflident F?rrell drove
,i,. i.r> nvct fll 10:80 yeaterday
morning In th.- keel of th* flrat. *hlp
to ba built by thc Pederal Shipbuild
!?- Company. Kobert MflcGl
vic. -pr. lident and general manager of
th.. Pederal eamaaay, oetod as rnret
bolder. . it ,. ,
i ?,. nrat rlvet of tne iu*t ship,
which la to ba named J-lberty, was
in tbe flrat plate < ?lled bj
,,,.*. Lihflrty aallla at uomi - aad,
? 4i:th ali | :-"d ln
Order tfl pmvtde material fBI thfl I.ib
Brty H-? '?? , .? .i ?
lodga E H Gary, ehairman oi tbe
board of th? s-.-.-i Corporatioa, mad
k patriotic *po*eh te th* n.<.r.. than
two thoum-.d workmofl whe wora
oreeeot He dwolt ob -he impor >nt
Mrvice th. ***** ', 2j
na-.on in building iHipa. and ********
of dignity and
American Dcntiat I?
Drafted Inlo German Army
COP1 NHAGBN, '????' M. :" '"''""'
or, fln Imerlean denl i beea
practisiBg Ib t ologn*. ha I." '?>?-'"
[at? th* German ?rmy, flccording to
reeeived here from Germany.
Th* c-.i.scription wa* flwde under the
rule requiriBg, under certain eoadi.
tions, thnt. rerelgfl rofllaV at* H
naoy i*rv? ifl thc army.
i. Piflher ba.l* fr-.-n I
,-ided m GermflB] fai more than
British Tanks Plunge Five Miles
Through the Hindenburg Line;
Smash "Impenetrable Barrier"
Halt of Drive
"No- Change" and "No
News," Official Bul*
LONDON, Nov. 21.?German admis
aion that the advance into Italy has
received a check is seen here in to
day's curiously brief statements from
von Ludendorff on the vast operation.
The Berlin official statement simp 1 y
said there was no change on the Italian
front, while the supplcmentary report
to-night declared there wa.i "no news
from Italy." When thingj are going
well the I'russian communiques are
According to an Amsterdam dispateh,
the war correapondent of the Ber!
"Lokfll-Anzeiger" say., the Teutons
allied movement for turning the Itaiian
...i .I....I. i ..u* beiag execated lo the
:;.ct of great Italian -supenori'.y. The
"Fraahfarter Zeitung" asserta that the
ItaJiana, reinforeed with guns and ia*
fantry, bflvi preaared strong iefeacefl
cn thfl lower Piaefl River. There is
spoculation here as trr whether these
reinforcements constitutp Allied ur.its,
whieh have now had ample time to
rtach thfl front.
Rome reported ane-thcr srrious re
verae foi thi roatoai in the egion
i,. ? . . ? n th- BreOtfl and Pi:i.v ivcri,
where thr- foe has m..de v. hou-salo but
fatile aaerMcfla in kttempta to rnah the
line ol small mountaina and thu.i gain
the plains behind the Piave lin".
DflBflc Baasflei ef hostile infantry
flflBflfllted Monte Pertica, northwest of
Monte Grafpa, three times. Eaeh
time they were thi own back with fiior
mous losse.-. Tiie attacks repe_ted the
BOfaicary. hat n
?ttemptfl on Monte ^fonfenera and
Monte Tomba, which w'erc the features
of the previou* day's lighting.
The two last mentioned peaV.s are
itl 11 (irmly In tho hands of Diai's men,
the Teuton* holding only a precarioui
fon'ing on thfl northern slope*. of
Tomba. Rome officially reported to
day that roa Below had failed to re
on either gtronghold
The defrnce of the Italians in th*
hills and th.- Inck of infantry opera?
tions along the lower Piave have cre?
ated an optirr.istic fccl'.r.g nmor.g mili?
tary ob Brveri ' flro. II li geaeraily
thought thfl eriflil ifl past. The Teu
'on.. now probably Hre rfldacod to the
?low detail operatloaa of truneh war?
fare. Moreover, th" ^retU Krnneo
P.ritish offensne just oper.ed on the
V. e-t front is bound to help nlifl-Tfl
latioa of the Italian*
Bolsheviki to Ask
Armistice for All
Tc Discuss Peace
LONDON, Nov. 21. No Russian mili?
tary communicntion wa? Iflflflfld to-daj.
A Petrograd mfliflag" recafvod by the
Hritish Adm ralty bv Wireless Press
"A political eommuniqn' itatei that
by order of thi Ail-Russian Workmen'..
aad Soldierfl' Coagtt - 'he Conneil of
?th.- People'i Commiflflflriefl' ha
?omfld poa/or, irith ob!?fl*ation to offer
all tbe p u_.|. - and tneir re-pective
r'ovcrnments an immediate armrstiee on
all froatfl, with the purpose of open?
ing pournarlers immediately for the
concloaion of ? 'democratir peaee."*
"When the power of the louncil is
lirmly eatabliabed throughout the
country tl.e Coaneil will, without dfl*
'ay, make a fornial offer of an armifl
liec to all the bfllligflreata, enemy anrl
ally. A draft message to this effect
has bflfln lOBt to nil tiie people's rom
miflflariflfl for for. , ifl ri and to all
the plehipotentiariefl and representa?
tives of Allifld nations m Petrograd.
"The louncil also has sent orders
eitisen eommaader-ia-ehief that
after reeeiving thfl preaent mfleeagfl hfl
shall approach the communding author
? '???? 01 the enemy armies with flfl offer
of a eflflflfltion of al! bofltilo fleti-rltifli
?or thfl parpOflfl flf Opening peace pour
parlerfl, And thal he shall. tirst, keep
'he Coaneil eOBfltaatly informed by di?
reet wilfl flf [.our-parlers with the
enemy armies, and aeeoad, that he
Bhall flign the pieliminary aet only
after flpproval by the ( ommissarie.-'
Conneil. rhj eommnaiqoa ia ilgacd b>
Oulianoff-Lenine, Prflflident of the
i omm mri ' i oaaeilj Trotzky. Com
.... ,,;' Foreign Aaairfl" Krylenko,
Commiaaar. ef *far; Beateh-Braflriteh,
chairman of the council. anrl Corbou
Bflff, Serretary." _
Russians Roll Turks
Back; Capture 1,600
PCTBOGRAO, Nov. :ji. tha Roaaian
uai flimiei batm e*oo .-> marke i
aueeeat Bgaiair" thr- enemy along thfl
River Dyfll, according to information
rflflching thfl ?rmj and thfl Workmen's
Bfld Soldier.-' Dfllce-fltflfl. T*1" R ;
,! ?,-i H'tack i>nd overcame tflfl
turini 1^00 ?f them. of
a-hom 134 ?-??"'' "t^cers. Th* morale o.
.,, iroopa !? aaid to ha < xcellent.
Labor Dictator Is Urged
WASHINOTON, Nov. II. The ap
poiatmflnt el ? '''>"r ': r'"v"r !_*__*?
^riod of th. ?r?r ifl >u."g?-..t.-.l m a
h*fhy the lon
CommittOfl "'i National l re
parfldneaa, whieh urges a labor poiicy
for the l nited States.
lt declarea there ia no real eeordiaa
tion between the rarieai governmental
BBTeBeiflfl attrmptinr" to deal with th?
problem, and asaert. that for th
lafeti of Amflriea aod thfl wiaatag of
:,r American public opinion must
|,, directed to the funda Jflfltflll in
THROUGH THE HINDENBURG LINE
"Every Tank Is Expected to Do Its
Damnedest," Was the Order?Each Did
MM A??o-tat*>l Plafl
BRITISH ARMY HKAI'QCARTKRS
IN FRANCE, Nov. IL?Just before the
tanks went forward yesterday to nn
I ::re the way for the British infantry
and cavalry the general commanding
the iron monitors distrihuted an order
of the day in which hfl said:
"We expect every tank to do its
They did this, and dealt the Ger?
mans one ef the most staggering
blOWfl they have received in many
months. With the tank general lead?
ing them in a monitor which flew his
?Ing, they charged through two of the
strongr st lines in the (Ierman defence
yiten* (rn thr- Wr-stern front, as
though these forti'ied trenches had
not been there, and behind them, on a
front of some lil miles, infantry and
cavalry poured through the great gaps
which had been made.
The correspondent early to-day
paflflfld the main Ilinrlenburg line near
Haeriacoart Th? pathi of the Britiflh
tanks through the great mass of barbed
win before thifl line could be clearly
followed. ln fliany plaees thfl tanks
had ton the obstructijn aw ly ?om
pletely. leaving wide gaps, wVc.i were ,
ent.rciy frer- for the troops to pass
through. The i'erman trenches and
dug-outs u-re in a state of -onfusion.
which ihowed plainly the hut- wi'h
which the enemy abandoned this
The eamapoadaat flrai also privileged
to watch the tanks going into opera?
tion yesterday when the great battle
?tartfld. Then aad been little artil?
lery firing and only the occasional rat
tlitig flChfl of a maenme gun.
Ihen came a period ol ab-olute still
nesfl. Suddenly the long Iini ot Bntuh
tanks moved forward, and in ? moment
the eariegated signal Ughta of the Ut-r
ahol high in the air. The Brit?
ish troops came out flf their -heiters
and with ftXfld bayonets ar.d grtnades
followed thfl tanks swiftly toward the
i hfl jjrouno ua? lirm ar.d covered
with long graaa, Then wen few bit
nheli ho:es, -.uch as are tfl bfl MOI ifl
Fiaadars, for eomparatively little artil?
lery work had been done against thifl
.'.-.-ctor. lt wai ile_! Koing for the bi?;
I * ti tt meniton, and tbflfl made the mo?t
of it. A- they started forward the
British put a heavy screen of smokc
up all about them. so that it was im
rosstble for the enemy to see them
many yard* away.
The tanks reached the ("ierman out
post line m front of the main line
and, without fltoppmg, surged through
lt toward the baibed wir? enUngle
Tanks Even Took
A Town by Storm
a. ra* Aaaaclated Pn
BRITISH ARMY HKADQUAR
TKR.S IX FRANC K. Nov. 21.?In
severe hand-to-hand fighting at
Flesquieres to-day Britiah troops.
preceded by tanks, stormed the
town. The (.ermansafired on the
tanks, with seven big guns at
short range. The British infantry j
charged the guns, captured them |
and killed the crews. Three other !
big guns were captured in a simi?
lar manner at Premy Chappelle. I
British cavalry captured a battery |
at Rumilly, sabring the crews.
ments, their guns working steadily a'l
thc while. Here was a po;:it 4vhere it
had been fearcd they might encounter !
(ftfficaltlcs, but tney did not. Thev
eraflhed through thfl hai aad wire,
b] 7:29 the British infantry ivere go?
ing through the gaps thus made.
The lurpiiflfl attack was launched at
dflWfl over ? flrldfl front. In the tirst
f*jW hours its prflgrflfla was marked
with flvideat success. The resistance
offered by th* dased (.ermans yesterday
morning was negiigible, and by noon
Britiah pioneen elready were at work
laying road* across the old front line
trenches, while prisoners in consider?
able number* nad b"gun to come back
from \arious directlons.
British (asualties I.itrht
The casualties of lha attacking forces
thus far have heen light. ijreat num
ben af Gonaaa dead lie before the
main Hindi-nburg trench. where the be
wildere.l enemy. taiven unawarcs. made
a hfllf-hearti i att< ipt to itom the on
rushm^ Hr U flfl,
The battle was an innovation for the
Western front. t'or -.t 4va. begun with?
out any preliminary artillery work.
UpOfl the army tank* rafltod the re?
sponsibility for victory or defeat, and
they fultiiled all .xpectations. The
iron gianta '.ent through the tremen?
dous line of barb.-d wire entangle
nen.ts in front ol -he main Hindenburg
position and on over thfl trenches as
though 'I?'? wer- im p.-rade.
The tanks start.-i forward at 6:20
o'clock, and by I1:S0 the British in?
fantry. which had I* armed mto the
halflfl made by the mighty ongines, was
engaging the enemy in open 'ightmg
along the Hi.idenburg nipport line
back of thfl m.in defences at many
points. I'p to noon jesterday there had
been no hard tignting. and the fierman
artillery' fire had been very weak.
The Germans surrendered freely in
numerous places, and several hundred
were brought in during the Tirst few
hours of lighting.
Two atti-mpted counter atta;ks were
smashed by the British infantry in the
early hour?, one in a tunnel trench
near Bullecourt, the other at Havrin
court Park, where one company it Ger?
mans essayed an advance.
Ihe tank- yesterday afternoon, fol?
lowed by infantry, were contmuing
their journey into German territory.
Prisoners admit ruefully that the at?
tack was a surprise to them and caught
many of thtm in their dug-outs. The
secrecy with which the British made
their preparations was one of the most
striking features of the offensi-.e.
Guns, tanks and troops were moved
into the Cambrai sector at night and
carefully hidden during the day.
Up to the actual hour of the Britiah
attack there were moments when great
Btillness reigned over the battle front,
and it seemed impossible that within
a short time the line would be a seeth
i:ig i-aldron. At 6:20 o'clock a long line
of tanks. distributed over a wide front,
At the same time the Britinh infan?
try on either side of fhe land monitors
made threats at the German line.
Within a few seconds the entire enemy
from for a distance of many milei
was flaming with variegated signals
which called frantically for help from
the (ierman gunners in the rear. Red,
green, white and blue lights shot up
in e*very direetion, and the rockets
showered a myriad of stars down
through the gloom, like a mammoth
display of flreworks.
Pershing, as Haig's
Guest, Sees Battle
\Ti1 Tha A-anrlar?<t Trra.'
BRITISH ARMV HEADQUARTERS
IN FRANCE. N'ov. 21. General Per
.-hmg, commander of the American
forces in France. was present at the.
British headquarters as the guest of
Field Marshal Haig, the British com?
mander, to witness the British of
General Pershing Ieft the Cambra*
front last night, having ?p*nt the dav
with Field Marshal Haig witr.essing
the operations. The American com?
mander wa? close to the front durin.
the early part of the operat-ons and
took the kei-nest intereflt in the work
ing out of the British scheme for
smashing through the chain of de
8,000 Prisoners and
Many Big Guns Taken
in New Drive
Joins in Advance
Berlin Admits French
Have Made Gains
Along Front of
By Arthur S. Draper
LONDON, N'ov. ll, ?lUiv hflfl hio
ken an impeneUable barricr."
Thi-- is thfl Mriti-h fl**cripiiOB of
'. the suror.s.. flttaflk whiflk found the
derman- otf guard between Arras Jnd
St yuentin and cort them two great
gaps in thfl famous Hiadeaburg line,
j one of th**B,%WVat aif t.'amhrai, more
than seven Blilei ulfl* nnd flvfl deep,
thousands of |.risoners. tnany jruns and
; rnat .-'or.. af'*uppli< -. An.l thal ?a*/*
i ers only thc ilrs| p|la>l, 0| ,-,,, great
**i feat of Bnfish arms. for Ceneral
Bjrag i. atill Bataaaeiai
The most remarkable feature of the
entire victory was that i; flrflfl achie.ed
i ' wholly without artillery preparation,
the British infantry BWOopIng forvAar.l
? in tbe vvake flf great k.n.1 lleets of
tank.-, Whieh tore their way through
the (ierman v. ire eutangteflBflUt
though they had ben itran harrier
and wallowed their 4?ay ueross the
widest trcn-he- ApfSflaTBUtl] thfl l.ei
man High (Jomman.l waa caught com
pletcly napping, not a hitit of the \a t
Hritish preparation i having reached
the frightene.l enemy.
X.0Q0 Prisoners ( aplured
Kight thousa/'.ii priaaMN ha\c be*n
counted, Field Mar hai Haig announced
to-night; '.bv Scheldt <anal has be. n
eroflaed, additional villages oecupiod
and eaptivflfl taken from r*0*rv* force'
hurried ui> l.y Prino* lluppreeht.
The lutest dispatches from II, fl
* fighting front* declare that thouaands
or rjntisn niounted troops, enarging
with the indefatigable tanks, are har
rytng the enemy in open coutitry. The
cavalry, which has awaited just thi?
opportunity to vmdicate I tflfl If on the
Western front, has been < npaged in
open lighting .ince yestcnia., practi?
cally the tirst since thr. Battlfl of the
Marne. and is dfng gr^at work in
thrusting the Germans back upon ("am
According to Berlin the French aUo \
started an otfensive on u six-mile front
between Craonnc and Bcrry-au-Bac,
southcast of Laon, the Germans admit
ting "strong French advances." Ac?
cording to Paris the French blow was
only a minor one. being con: tird to a
front of two-thirda of a milfl and a
depth of 100 yards.
Aa this is written the Britiah threat
en Cambrai, one of the k'->s to the
whole German position in the We?t.
No fltroke of British ger.eralship in
the whole war hos bflflfl more brilliant
than General Sir Julian Bync's highly
skilful and successful thrur-t on a part
of the front which has remained con
spicuously quiet through many
Militarily it ia a great ?ucce?s in
every sense of the word and the finest
the British have to their credit, while
politically it ifl of immense value and
comes at a "psychologtcal moment."
It will affect the whole situation
I rofoundly and it will count more
than dozens of optimistic speeches and
hundreds of stories of British prowe??
Although it is now viewed in tht
B|_t tiush of enthufliasm, it ifl big
tnough to bear the closest inapection
later, as Byng's thrust open-, the way
to farreaching rr-sults.
The political eor.acq'ienefl- are 'u?t
as profound as the military. To ac
compiish his f-*t Byag returned to
tirst princiolei and conceived the idea
of launching a surprise ass&ult.
Favored b> Fortunt
Fortune favored him. For the last
fortnight nis prcparations l.ave been
eariied on unobn-rvcd by aviators, who
were unable to Iflfl the concentration
of men, guns ano tar.ks.
Orman confidence in the strength
of the Hindenburg line led them to
stnp it bare, r.o part of the Western
fiort being held so light'.y, as the
French announcement of the dispos:
tior flf (Jerman divisions shows.
Instead of advertising his plans by
subjecting the enemy's lines to pro
longed bombardment, Byng pinned his
faith on his tanks. and with good rea?
son, as results proven.
The greatest fleflt of tanks yet con
eentrated at a single point was readv
early yesterday morning when the or?
der was iciven for the advance. Over
comparatively solid earth a swarm of
monsters worked their way. flattening
out mnsses of wire entar.glent?nti and
enftlading trenches, across which they
Completely flabbergasted by their
overpowering force. the German troop*
holding the firflt lines either Mirrendered
I immediately or broke in flight
The main attack seemi to have beva