Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISB ADVER?
TISED IN THK TRIBUNE
^mtBa**^ F.rcf f rt 1 i
Fair and eolder to-day; moderate to
freah north wlndi; fair
lull Ueporl on !_?? lf
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
IAW II No. 25,941
Top. right 1?I7?
Thr Trlhunr Aas'n]
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1917
om: cent .Wa
To Curb Hylan
Tammany Leader Cuts Va
cation; Received S 0 S
Call, Is Belief Here
His Aids Feared
Loss of Patronage
Young Democrats Appre
hensive Lest McCooey
Men Get Big Plums
} . Murphy, leader of Tam
. returned unexpectedly laat
from Krenc-h Lick Springs, Ind.
of the chiefs closest friends
.:./ Hall knew that he flrafl Ifl
fome ..::. He had cut short
BCatiOfl hy h week at least. It i?
understood that an "S 0 S" call had
tfl thfl Tammany bo.-^ by
DflaflCratic organi-ation leaders who
are for frofl" BBtisAed with the political
it haa been developed by
XaXflT-alect Hyian since bta election.
Thtre haa been evidence for some
time at Ihfl headquarters of the Busi
Leegafl, M Eaal Forty-sec
und Street, v. here the r.ew Mayor re
flf the horde of office Bflek
I was displaying an inde?
pendence which was not plea.-ing to the
Tammany leaders, including some of
the Tammany nominees who were elect
.d arith him on the city ticket.
The jroaafflf leaders in the V.'igwam.
rif_ "Al" Smith and Senator
F. Wagncf. nre said to have
kelihood that the McCooey
of the Tammany organization in
Brooklyn and certain of the "old guard"
in Tammany Hall would get most of the
Hylan Declares Independence
Mca v.ho ought to know say that
tleet Hylan has used two lines
fll BlfUBBflal generally with the -cores
of j._trona-re and officeseekers with
rei*| uay Bt his head
quarter.-. Hfl directa an attnek against
ir Mitchel and conditions under
prflflflPl faaiofl administration, and
U|. b} rm'hasizing the fact
that he i.s not Mr. Murphy's man or
Mr. McCooev's man, but represents
? e peopli Bf the city who elected
\\ h?n seen at "headquarters" last
rifh'. anrl asked about Mr. Murphy's
?fltxpflCted return, Judge Hylan Bflid:
Murphy has n perfect right tfl
time back. I have no appointments
Ibfl doflYs are open here
for Mr. Murphy or Mr. McCooey, or
even the Republican leaders. I am
afternoon. I want tbfl sup
r.or'? flf all w.io backed me for Mayor.
v. 'Icome truir BOgpflfltiOBB. I
v?nt the aid of those who honestly op
"Ufcll Street Democracy." as
? b influential Tammany men
? fl] lifltliet used to be
tood to be back of
1. Britt for ( orporation < ounsel
?nd urginf his appointment upon Judge
Britl - r:ot ? satisfactory
to thfl youi ger element in
'?>-,'... Hfl i- a prominent
? r, and for years rep
eerpofatlofl ? and
< oler Seea Hylan Often
Hrooklyn Democratic leaders
tr* . Bl il ll raller- at the Hy?
lan headquarters and have had their
made up for many of the
ppointmenU in the new city
tion. Bird S. Color, former
| ;iar ealler on the Mayor
. ..derstood that he is
per-onal advisrr of
f'oler would be
I Cenaailfli I'ltier has
Ifltflly at thr Hylan
lirl I Hfl ha- heen freely rnen
Dflaiecratic eirclea a
for Go-fflraer Beat year.
.? that if he went into
irtmaal ar.d continued
i ? Woods be
? ? placfl Ib the public
more availahlfl for guber
? ar bflace.
A 'rom tbfl Brooklyn
League, headed by
> d upon Mayor
U rday to proten
? . gantat ion of
? With the N'ew
ther member- of the
it they wav
?"fair* in Brooklyn.
Murphv l? Retirrnt
'. elect Hj laa ?? Btill bob*
. d tfl appolataieBta, it
.,? (hfl ?
ind will be Boatflwhat
al Mr. Murphy has re
Tammany leader and
. I "f Tarn
.-. rt- wiln him during
rt* r rench Llek, have
.'??-. tfl 'I ?'? i " 101 li ma'
? addtng r: owd.
' | arnrnarry Ifladflffl ??? at
- thlei Ha siipped
Aboat ' itr
?' irphy was ?sk?d.
' don't know what i? gomg
?AM I ny onr In p?r
tt l ? rt ? Bflflfl ?v*?y. I hav?
flaay, playing golf a
'?? i mu' h rrrtrd "
'Robbera" in Garfield'a Home
Sou-.ht Government Papera
' ' i.'. r LAND, leateh fei
rfldflVfll mrn bfl
. ',? |ei t af p< r
ked Um beaaa at Harry
/ K?4*ral Coal Ad-ilalatratefi
? l.eeri nn ?i.e case
?, . - , - , ilasaaetaa a
h.. ?r#. ,),?.,? ?aa ""f
il (? porling thi ni.H'-r
? .*?!??'! tlm? thfl vi?
' ?: i ? i , i aaa t>ti* *? far
ai <>ff notninr of
? ?! o'her U?Ufll loet "f
Price to 37c
Administration Plaees the
Thanksgiving /Bird Un?
der War Control
The food administration of New Vork
' .ty cxecuted one brief and decisive
n.nn.puvre against the food merchants
yesterday afternoon, and when the en
gagement was over the Thanksgiving
cold storr.ge turkey had passed under
Wholes.ile and retail prices were
f xed. nnd any retail dealer charginu
BBOra than S7 tents a pound invites
trouble for himself and his business
However, t'ne victory of the food au
ministrators was discounted by several
v.ho witnessed the encounter with the
turkey merchanTr-. Turkeys, like all
other products, are graded. Mrs. Julian
Heuth declared that there vas nothing
to prevent retailers from baptuing all
their Thanksgiving hirds "northern
fancy." tiie fi.ncieit turkty in the mar?
ket, both in quality and price.
John Mitchell. chairman of the Stata
Pood Commission, declared that two
dayi Bgfl there were 1000,000 nounds
of turkeys in New Terk City cold stor?
age hou.es, but thal yesterday there
arere only T'.o.ooo nounda Ieft. It araa
announced that thfl government had
bought 300.000 pounds in tne c.ty dur?
ing the day, but even this big ordfli
vould not account for the big run oa
thfl market. f I
Fearing a repetition of,last yenr's
turkey speculation, Mr. Mitchell, Fed?
eral Food Administrator Williams aad
Market Commissioner Moskowit/ callfld
a meeting of representatives of whole
Bale nnd retail pouhry dealera in tha
office of the State Food Comrr,ission
yesterday afternoon. Mr. Williams told
the merehanti that there could be no
BBOCalatioa, and that in accordance
arith a r ulinpr by the food administra?
tion half of last year's frOBflfl turkeys
would have to be sold before Thanks?
giving nnd the other half before Jan
nuiirv 1. I
Ihe merchants consented to establish
the following maximum retail prio .s
"Texas plain" turkeys, not more than
28 cents a pound; "Texas fancy," not
more than 35 cents; "Northern plain,"
32 cents, and "Northern fancy," not
more than 37 cents. The prices apply
only on cash-and-carry basis. Fresh
turkeys are not affected by the order.
Paris to Help War
By Subduing Styles
Modiates Promise Severer
Fashions to Aid Wool
WASHINGTON, Nov. tt. The Com?
mercial Economy Board, working with
the French Ambassador, has recast the
J'arisian moulds of fashion so that
there will be no transatlantic edict.1
tc conflict wi'h the wool saving pro
gramme to which the board has pledged
all the larger ready-made elothing
houses of this country. W. S. Oifford,
director of the Council of Defence, an?
nounced to-day that the negotiations
with the _arment and style makers of
J'ans had been entirelv successful.
Twenty-five per cent of the wool which
now goes into the elothing of women
and men will be saved by the new regu?
lations, it is sai'l. The broad lapels,
the pocket flaps. the trouser cuffs. thr
pleated and belted iarkets of yesterday
will be converted into blouses, breeches
and overcoats of flllTfl drab and to
morrow may bc march.ng steadfastly
So acute has been the -hortage of
wool for military needs that -oldiers r.f
the National Army were compelled in
many instances to go bleaflfllflsa until
after frost eame. It was necessary to
draw on elothing -tork tbat had seen
sc vere service BBd harl bflflfl laid away
to a*nit the conv.nience of a con
dflflanatiea board. Maay a sold.er of
the new army found that his tirst uni
form coat flTfll starned r.r fray.l.
Th" fashionable shops of Paris have
given a quick re-.por.se to the sugges
tion made by the rouncil's economy
heard. Irench arbitrrs and drsigner
were quick to appreriate the common
lenfla of the wool ^av'tig id?fl aad to
promise that no fashions reqairing
frillfl or furbfllowa .should come frorn
No Candy Shortage
Nor Raised Prices for
1, vpue of the ruling af Ihfl national
fool administration whereb;. e.mdy
manafflctarflra throughout the country
have been flstfl-flibly reefllviag but M
per cent ol their normal supply of
? ugar. tnere will be no serious candy
?hortagfl it: the holiday period and t,o
rnarhed increase in prices
apparent paradox was <r...'..l
l,r*t b> thi fafll that ?upplie; for the
hol da> traor were to a gf-flfll ?
clready Ifl hr.nrl bflforfl thfl ruling of
ihe food arjmiiiistra'ion became efTcr
ti\e, second. by virtu,- of manufar!
urer* having slufted to .onf'etions re
ildiring l?ss sugar.
lieorge M. Rnlph flflid last night. in
kU r.pmion. N pet eeal <a the <?*? a>
farfirer* of the rountry had sougl.t
ror,e>M> to abrde bv the decree limit
ing their sugar parcbaaflfl to .'.ft per
e?nl of peetleet rflqoirorflflaU, and m
cause of thifl many arfl-fl pinrhed and
forre.i to curt-il production. The trade
,? ? trheW. hemewer, ba heiterei bad
not auffered great !?,
Aa tat *he fooil adrnini'lration has
r,?t ebeekad op how rlgidly Bsoaafael
urrra.dhered to thfl Muateeut eUuse.
" ,, ,. ? ??..,!,,.? that thrre were Icaka.
That ia to >ay, a manufucturer, utli.r
_reedy or Ifl d're Btralta for sugar.
* uld exhau-t hi. allotment ? upplied
bv hia regular rrtm'r ?n<l ther. turn to
li'ttlfl known jobbers, thus inrreas.ng
hia supply by i-'-r-t hand lo mouth
Open to Spies
Great Panorama of Military
Activity Is Quite
Wireless May Be
Telling All to Enemy
How "Quenched" Spark
Apparatus Could Relay
Vital News to Foe
All Federafrcgulations in r.straint
of enemy aliens i \pressly j-rant to
them the ri^ht to travel on ferryboat.--.
The effect of that permi-iou i ta leave
the whole New Vork Harbor open to
the observation of German spies.
Yesterday a reporter for The Trib?
une, acting theoretically as an enemy
alien, spent several hours on the ferrv
boals plving across the rivers and Bp
and down the bay.
To-day this newspaper has |sj it
po.-scssion four vital military "secrets, ' ,
besides a mass of general information i
U. S* Refuses
For Navy Men
Two Lieutenant Command
ers Among Those Men?
tioned forTheir Efficieney
WASHINGTON, Nov. _;:. An offer
by the Ilraish Admiralty to Aooorot*
certan officers and mrn of two Amer?
ican destroyer. far their irrvicci in
Combatiag German suhmarit ia* has
been deeliaed, Beeretary I>ani.!-- ar.
ed to-day, because th* law* of
tn s country f.- n i.t idie's and
aeilora fron; r*C*iviag decor;.'ion; from
t iu i^n govaram ala.
"In the case of one destroyer,'' said
(. BtatCMeat issued by Secretary I?an
ieN, "thc Admiralty adviaoa thai the
vessel 44-,-is convoying a merchantman
when the periecop* uf a suhmarin.- was
ilghted at a distaaea of ahout 80o
\ar.i-. The deetroyei immediat.-ly in*
i paad aad headed laward the
suhmarinc. 44 hun submergeu. bit r.
appeared ahortly afterward travelliag
? 1 oppoaite direction.
"'ihe l'-boat ni \t paaaed close on the
itarboard side of the destroyer, which
rwlcaaed ? death charge, probably *aus
ing serious daasag* lf not destruction
to tha aubaaai Ine,
"Praisiag the excelleat oreraniza'ion,
prcparedaesa ind diaelpliaa on board
thc destroyer, ..- well as the ojaiek
deeision of ' ? offlcer* ol th 1 watch,'
U. S. Joins Hunt
Third of Raiders Destroyed
Bagged by Rival Sub
washington. Nov. 13. Oae*th.rd
of all th.. (ierman submarines that are
Iving destroyed _re being sunk by
A few months ngo It was considered
that a duel b*tW?en submarines WBI
merely a freah of chance. Now sub?
marines are ayatematieally huating
submarines. A flotilia of American
Mibmarines has been diepatchtd acros
the Atlantic for the cxpre -s purpo-e af
..oining in the hunt. The BBderwater
boats of the Allies are de?tr..-:r.g n
*t their German kind as thc de*
tr >jrera are, and it Ea their aaexpeeted
suacee* ia thc hunt that bai largely
contributed to the confidenee af the
naval aethoritiee that the menace of
tl.e German submarines has been ra*
The subrrarne that is huntir.g sub?
marines patrols the waters and M
lanes that 'he enemy .ubmaririe- would
naturally take. KaOBrlBg that a ship
or a convoy :s upproar.hinir. it. take;
just the position tha*. a boetite eraft,
WHERE HE CAN BE KEPT OUT OF MISCHIEF
TAKE A SEAT UP
TRONT -WHERE I
CAN WATCH VOU
AND YOU "WON'T
BE LOOKlNOr OVER
AJMYONE 3 SHOULDER.
Of collatera! valu<. None of it i* prinl
;b)c, but all of it is uBdeubtedly in
th* hands of enemy aliens. any an.l all
of Whom hav u'irestiirted BCCC
lh* fo'rrybaat*. They have only to go
? nl look. as the reporter did. At ll 1*1
three af lh* "eeerota" bear direetlj
upon the safety of troons.
A better ,.-enor..i view of ihtpping ln
mOVOMBBt and a! BBCh*f ifl NeW Yolk
Harbor could hardl> be obtained tbafl
that whirh is accommodatingly -,,,...!
out before ferry passenger*.
Anything The Tribune reprOMBtatlve
,ji,I an enemy alien could have doni
Hc eOUld do it lods). to morrow an '
the n.M dav. Several of them rollah
Orating would soon have most of the
...atirfront informatiOB ? hich the gOI
pmment eaaeW*** Ua daBfaraa* te be
nven te tbe geaeral publie.
The gravity of this litaation ii bel
Mi aaderetood ln the lighl ef a vorj
lUrtllng UebBkal fact, whieh ia thal
Wl4,.i,. i eoMBiaaieatloBi with lb<
fmv mriv casily br taking pl*C. ofl
AMeriean taaal raawlarly
A Gotmbb arlrtlaa* itatlea. a
. I....I" -park to make it BOIB* ? -.
Dqr2d-?B?.??V.M*??th two or thr.
P- ." ? Iobi i* ?*? ktnorleut aervic
'. roiild COMBBBBlcate fro'-i
\n-'l i _f Griw* Hill. Staten Ialand,
,H", "n h h l'-dc over in N.w .1
or ir v baa n*e hondred u U
,*"" _. not h* found out I ?i
J&Sfi rh, i.ian knows thi. .- h,
,e The whole apparatus require,,
roiiUibc concealed onthepremisesofa
aabarban cottag*. f _
Hold 150 Pro-German Greeks
ATIIKNS. Nov. M d-Uyedi About
IM pro (ierman Greeks have been sr
rcsted abarfad wHl ?*****?*+ pr"p;
gand. .nd diffusion of fsl- new- I 0,
vkill be expelled.
.i,. b, . , ... n > tider Ib ehi -f pro
po?ed to n ron m nd LieoteflBBl Com?
mander Blakely, tha eommafidiBg ofB
,. x for appointmenl to th ? Diatifl*
ed Serrice Ordei and Kn-ign
Henry M. FalloB for award ol the Plfl*
.inguished Serriee Cross.
-]'!,,. 0thei di itrojrflr w?s ana
number e-eorting troopahipa aad was
rruiaiag in tation formation, when th
wave ol I " ' '"'?"' ***** ******** '
rard ofl ? ?' l. *y <h" 'i;;;'rt r
,-h nn daty. He re?
ported to the < flieera flf I ? wflteh,
... i-? inmedistel) loanded general qoar
ten The e-eeutive offieer ol the oe*
itroyer ?"?i thfl Arai eflfwer la loaeh
the bridge, beiag eloaely followed hf
rhe commanding offieer. The ?xeeative
? . rang for full speed ahead. <>n
reaehing the bridge, aad alt^red the
,:, ?,, ..,.r' r ourae tfl head, for the
??'II,,. rommaading offieer then took
eomnisi d o the h p anrl man.nr. red
her -o a lo gain a fevoimble poaition
for dropplng a depth eharge. directing
,i,? _., rieer ta drop lh? charge
? proper ta -I" -<?
The c ?-? ?" Bl' !- " ' '"''l
Mtroyer wai aboul
, .... jrarda dlreetl-* flhefld of the
? ? , .,pe nnil iti .?( '? direetiea fll th"
irini '- fldi.
"After the flxplflfliflfl of tBfl charge
a riaa tfl 'hc surfare.
[ecompaaied ba iarge hubblea nnd dis
-oloration ? ?' " - ?etfl?
"for ther BerrlCOfl IB this engage
-,-,,, ? commander ifl chief
made the following rerommendation:
?"'Lieutenant Commaader Nflal, foi
the Diettnguiahed Benrice '?rder. he
eauflfl It "aa eoaflidored thal thfl afl
rirnl Wfll 'he att?'^ ??< launched was
due to hi* prompt ard rlecisive action
? nd tbfl 'rlgfiaat leokeat maintairwd on
??"Lioeteaaal Leftiag for the Distm
gaiahod Bflfvtflfl cross for the way he
handled the aituation in a prompt and
e manner after nrruinj. on the
"C'tiartermaster tirst class i Justice
and Chief Machtnesf Mate McNaugh
tOfl for Ihe I ?ist inguishe d Service
intent on de truction. .vould take. If
i? has good Itteh it iruiy f.nd fhe enemy
rettiag Bfl the surface, and a torpedo
doe- the i' lt "n '-hc otnrr hand. the
huated may first sj-jht tho hunter.
Then it is the la**. r th.it gal the tor?
"It's a grim ftfty-flfty gaMe." said a
naval authontv. '-hut the Allies can
well afford to lo-e a labOBariB* t'or
-ir.k. It's ahout
the onlv aray they cnn aaa their sub?
marines. An Ally -uhmarine gone i*
juat one submarine led*, but a G-rm&n
rubmurin" at the bottom is, perhap1,
several merehaat reaaola -ave.i.
- *' > ri nrr<.ur;t of the way in whirh
they aaaat hunt to hc successful th*
submarines that huat submarines are
in grea' peril of being 'ur.k b\ friend
ly guns. The gur. cr"\4s o-i BMI-haat
ships and deatroyers ,-h-ot Brat and
lavestfgate aftonrard. A peri?eopa la
a periaeOB*. If 'f happ.ns to belong to
our sjde, it ia a eaai i l toa i>ad that's
Made a Viscount
LONDON, Nov. tfl, l.ord KorthcKafe
has been r:*de a riaooaat and Haron
Kendmg an earl, :t .-. eAeially an?
Visaaeal Narthrflffe, wha ;: owner
and editor "f BBveral Leadoa aewi
papers. uas head of the Hriti-h mis
llou to the Ir.ited Statei whch arrived
ln thia country la?t Jur.e for the pur
po?e of coordinating vk_r work 'ln Vo
\ember 11 he doeliaed the portfolu. i?f
Ihe Hr;ti?h Air Ministry aad expressed
hi. diNsatisfaction with the peliciec of
Premier I.loyd George's go-ernment.
His le"ter reajulted in tne resignation of
Vlaeoaal Cowdray from the ebairauua
.hip of fhe Air Ministry because H
COataiaad the hrst mlimstion to the
iacaaabenl that a change was tontem
plsted b> the Premier.
Ludendorff Starts for East
ern Front to Aid in the
No Separate Truce,
Says if Plan Fails Revolu?
tion Will Wage New
War on Kaiser
BTOCKROLM, Noe. 88. According tfl
tiie "Tulningen," a Russian dip'.omat
'.eft Stockholm yesterday for Petrograd
with orders to hand to the Russian
revolutionary government proposal* for
peace by the Centrai Powers.
AMSTERDAM, See. tt. Aeeerdiag to
fldviCfl received here. ("eneral von Lu?
dendorff. tir-t quartermaMer general of
the German anaiflfl, ha started for the
Kastern frot.t in connection wltb tbfl
Russian offer of a truce. Hfl ifl aaid to
be accompanied by a numerou* staff.
Replying to a qOCBtiOfl regarding
?he peace orTer of the ROBfllBB BoUhfl*
? ik:. Dr. AUxaadflr Wekerle. the Hun
garlSfl Premier, in the Cnterhau-.
"The prc-s report of the offer la
not -ffll been contirmed. We must. ifl
mv case. ascertain detinitely whether
?hose witl. whom we should hn\e to
negOtiflU represent power of B perrna?
nent character. Apart from this con?
sideration. our nction will natural^
he guided by our o-ti readiness for
Separate Peace Not
Plan of Bolsheviki,
Says Leon Trotzky
PETROGRAD, Thursday, N'ov. 2'J.
The note of Leon Trotsky, the Bolshe
vik For?ign Minister, to the Allied em
bassies, conveying the announcement
of the proposal for an armistice,
reached the embassies last night. The
"I herevrith have the honor to in.
form vou, Mr. Ambassador, tbat the
AU-Russian Congress of Soldiers
nnd Workmen's Delegates organized
on October 'J? a new governmet.t in
thfl form of a I'ouncil of N'anonnl
Commissioners. The head of this gov
cmnient i< Vladimir Ilch I.enine. The
direction of the foreign poiicy has
been intrufltfld to me, in the cnpacity
of National Commissioner for For?
The American Ambflaafldor, David K.
Pranctfl. ie tran*mittin'_ the communi?
cation to Washington for the informa?
tion of his government. He made no
Bcknowledgment of it receiot. acting,
i? is understood. in concert witll tiie
representatives of the Allied govern?
"Draflrtag attention to the text of
thfl offer of an armistice and a i
ocratic poflefl at the basia of no ut*
nexatloai or indemnities and the
elf-determination of nations. ap?
proved bv the All-RoflfllflB Congress
?( Soldien' ur.d Workmen's Dfllfl*
gates. I have the honor to beg you
? ,, regard the above document as a
'ermal offer of an immediate armis?
tice on all fronts and the immediate
opening of peace negotiations an
offer witli whieh the authontative
gowrr.ment of thfl Russian republic
has flddreflflod 't-elf limulUBfloualy
tr, all the belligerent peoples and
"Accept my flAflOrflBefl, Mr. Ambas
tador, of tiie profound respect of the
Soldiers' r.nd Workmen's governnunt
for tlu people of France, wmch can?
not help aiming at peace. as well as
all the rest of the Batloai eibaoatfld
and made hloodless by this unc\
ampUd .laughter. ^ m(.ryKY
"National Commissioner for Fore.gn
Delivered to Allies;
PETROGRAD, Nov. 22. In connec?
tion with the order to Ceneral Duk
hon.n, commander iti chief of the Rus
..ian army, to open negotiations for
an anaiatiea arith the er.emy com
naadera, Th? Aflfloelated Pieaa to-dav
. . wed Trotzky. Troti-ky eniphati
Bflllj dflClated that t'ne Soldiers' and
W'orkmi fl'fl government was again-'. a
-enatate peace with drmany. Hc
veieed ii-* conrietioB that Rueaia'e in,
itiativfl :n offer.ng peace will be sup
ported bv the proletaria* ?>:" all coun
tr.r-, Alfred or belligerent which flrlll
mak? ImpOflflible a contmuafion of the
v.ar flTflB if 'he governments do not
Bceopt the offer.
"What are the plans and intentions
of year government?" the eorroapea.
dent inqu t'1''
"Ti " BlflB" ar.d intflBtiOBa of tiie
gavernmoBl ?re "':': aod ia the pro*
grunin," af thfl BolahflTiki rar'y. to
which fhe all'Raaaia Congreaa of Sol
,i tn' aad Workmen. dclegatoa intruflt
td tl e formfltioa of a Seldiora' and
Workmen's garetutaaat* tha loreicn
Itnl-he. iki Programme
"First, trere flrlll be the immediate
publieation af all <ecret treetiflfl and
Ihe abolition flf secret d'plomary.
"gataad Afl otTer of an immediato
armistice en :i!i front* for the conclu?
sion of a democratic peace.
"Third The transfer of all lands tfl
"rourth The establishment of stal?
mntrol of industries through the mo
ilium of organued workmen and em?
ployes. the nfltloaaliaaalea ef the mo<>
mportant branrhe.-. of industry.
"Fifth The delivery of all Bfltha.it'
lo local Soldiers' anrl Workmen ??
"Sixth The convocatton of a fonsltt
jent Assembly which will introduce iti
reform. through the medium of the
Byng Strikes Again;
Foe Masses Men
To Save Cambrai
London Bells, for
First Time in War,
Peal Out Victory
LONDON, N'ov. tt, Bell- ran* la
I.ondon and the provinces to-day. for
tl ?? Brat time since the war began. in
conimenioration of British victones.
The sun broke through the heavy
i.i.st which envcloped I.ondon and its
environs early in the day, almost at
,-ne time that the massive
chimcs of St. Paal'a and tiie bells of
other church.s began to peal forth
their chorus in celebration of the
achievemenls of the British forces in
France an.i Palestine. Peterborough's
chimc- rang for the first time in
In front of St. Paul's. ir? whose
ea-. *a thoaaaada af nigeons have
found a home for many genorations,
great nun-bers of them were flying
overhead, and in many instances i
BlIghtiBf on the broad pavement, eat
Ing from the hands of persons in
the cro-./d ;'nd evc:i pcrching on the
shouldcrs of children. Altogether, it
^as a -cere to make one forget war
for the moment and think of a world
Soldiers* and Workmen's Deputies, and
not through the old bureaucracy, on a.i
"The offer of an immediate peace al?
ready has been made. The deere.
traaeferriaff the land to tne peasants j
has been issued.
"Power has been assumed by the
Soldiers' and Workmen's Deputies in
most of the important places."
"What will the government do if
Russia's allies refuse to enter into ne?
gotiations for peace?" the correspon?
I,ooks to Allied 1'eoples
"If the allied government* do not I
suppor* the policy of a democrat.c (
peace," Trotzky replied, "the allied peo- |
ples arill support us against their gov- |
ernments. Our international policy is i
raleulated not for c?ptta!istic diplo
macy but for the support of the work-1
"Does the government think a **p*
rate peace with Germany i.i possible in
the existing circumstancc-"."
?We Bra against a separate peace
with Germany we are for a universal
peace with the Kuropean nations."
"What .-ill the government do if Ger?
man v refaaee to negotiate for peace?
Will' it continue the 4\ar?" was the
"Wc rely on the Gerniun army and
?he working classes to make a eontin
nation of the war impo-slble," Trotzky
"If, however, our frank ar.d honest
ofTers of pcace meet no respon?e, we
would declare a revolutionary war
agaiaat Geraaaa impenalism; we would
mobilite all our forces, confiscate large
food supplies and prosecute the war as
- .tically n? we did the revolution.
But we have every ground to think that
our offer of pcace will make impossible
? inuatiOB af the war on a!l fronts."
?What ia the country's attitude tow?
ard the f.-oveinmental change?"
"All tiie bourgeoisie are against us.
Tha gr.at.r part of tha intellectuals is
against us or hesitating, awaiting a
"The woiking class is wholly with
us. The army is with us. The pe..*.
ant.. with the exception of exploiters.
nre with oa.
"The Soldiers' and Workmen's govern
metii is a government of workingmer,
soldiers and peasants against the cup -
talists and landowners."
"Is it true that the government will
publish the secret treaties?" wss tho
"Yes," the Foreign Minister answered.
Thc eorreepaadeat was r?ceived in *
room devoid of all ornament and cor
taininsr aaly deahl and chairs. Tro'zky
was eheerful, but preoccup.ed. Whe-.
lea ing t i roOM, the correspor.d?r.t
araa escorted to the outer door by a
private secretary. An armed guard
dietrustfutly followed the visitor out
*f th* room.
Russians Preparing to
Evacuate East Galicia
AMSTKRDAM. N'o-.. 23. A dispatch
to the "Fraabfurter Zeitung" from
V'ienna -a;- reaort* reeeived from
Tarnopol are to the effect that Russian
troops are preparing to evacuate the
East Galir.ian towns of GmaymadofT and
Skalat, ii .r the Kussian border.
Phi diapateh adds that the advanced
positions airead> have been voluntarily
PETROGRAD, Nov. tk A reduction
ot the Baaalan arm lea, beginning with
'he r'.H-.i eonaeripted in 1W9. I as been
med by th* Holshevik leader. M.
Lenine, .. r, ..fficial announrema>nt to
Tha order is to take effect
Thc oAcual a:i;iDuncemer.t follows:
"Tho* Workmen's and Peasants'
goverawi -.* af the People's (ornmis
>anes hv- dee;r)ed tn undertake,
withoat dl !ny. redjrtion of the ar?
mies, BBd order*. to begin with, re?
lease fnm their military duties ot
all citiz.-n soldiers of tl.e elas i con
scripted in \h*?V. Instructions eon
cerning the liberation of other
classes i'rom military .-erviee will be
l-.iieH ,it u later date. I'pon demobi
lization all arms must be h-mded
ovei to regimental cotnmittees, which
will he r. -pon.ible for their safety.
The highe*' commander in chief is
ohliged to bring this decree direetly
t,, the knowledg.' of the rank and
"LENINE. President. and 0\seyenko.
Antonof and Krylenko. People'a
l'orTr.i--.aries for War."
(AUic tn reject armittice?on
British Launch New
Battle Rages on 12
Mile Front; Occupa
tion of Queant Is
LONDON, Nov. _:i. Desperate ?ght
.rg was renewed to-day at several
points along the ne4v British front
near Cambrai, 44 here Gen. ral Byng is
attempting ta extend his gains and
reach a decisive issue. The Britiah
have consolidated their gains and Mar?
shal Haig reported to-night the new
operation-- against the enemy's re?
serve* are dcveloping satisfactorily.
Tadpole Cop.se. an elevation west of
Moeuvres, has been taken.
Haig also has attacked at another
point of the line. His line southeast
of Ypres has been advanced slightly.
No details of this new operation hare
It is unofficially reported that th*
number of .aptured guns scattered
about the tifty aquare rolles of terri?
tory just conquered at Cambrai
amounts to several score.
Kinj Georg* has -"?pre?i-d Rntafr.'a
thanks to Sir Julian Byng for his great
success by laieiag him from lieuten
ant ger.eral to the rank of general.
Bittev itruggles took place to-day
between the victorioui British and
fresh German troops at Moeuvrea vil?
lage 1 aouth of Bouilon Wood), juat
waat and southwest of Cambrsi, and at
Crevecourt, south of Cambrai. Th*
British are acro-s the Srheldt Canal
at the latter place.
The Berlin night offieial statement
said a renewed attemp' af 'he British
to "break through" to-day southwest of
Cambrai had been shattcred snd that
Ii>ng'i men had sustamed eevere
Today's earher (lermnn communique,
detailmg yesterday's fighting, told of
hond-lo-hand tighting on both sides of
Fontaine, just west of Cambrai. Ths
Kriti.-h yesterday admitt-'d this plaee
liad been recaptured bv the enemy.
The Germans also claimed the retak
ing of I.a I'olie Wo,.d, southeast of
Berlin Says Attack* failed
The enemy statement fjrther stated
that th( Britiah Baaaalted Rumilly.
Baiifux and Vendhuille ><- terdsy and
were h-a'.n baeh. The three towns
: . BM I are on thc southern side of th* |
n*W Briti*h salient. V.ndhuille 1*
nhout nine miles south 0' < amb.at, not
tnt from Le c atel.-t. Ti is indic*tes
that fierce fighting ha. beea raging on
a front of at least twalv* mi!e
< ambra: mi-t now he suffering
severely from British .hells, while at
th. aortborfl "dge of the salient Queant
is threatened by thc British from two
Fides. It Hai h'tween the -erlge driT*n
into the i.erman hno west of Cambrsi
and the ma!ler gain further north,
near Bu.lecourt. Queant is at the
southern end of the Germans' Dro
court-Quean* "switch line" of defene*.
Most of the r ren-h front was com
paratively Ifcactlve M day, hut Pataia.
men have rucceaafully with*tood an?
other German counter attack on th*
positions between Craonne snd Berry.
au Ua* captured Wednesday.
British Capture Hill
Fontaine Is Attacked
Ra Tli. A*...:.'"-. I'a???)
BRITISH AR.MV HFADQCARTFRS
IN PRANCR, Nov. tfl, The British rt
i:?wpi| their attack on Fontaine and are
still holding the ground between Can
taing and south of Fontaine.
The attack came after a night of
ramporative quiet along th* < s-nbrai
front, and was delivered agsinst the
German po?itions st Fontaine and
r.bout both sides of the southern part
af the Bourlon Wood. whieh dominate*
1 ambrai snd much of the surrounding
At the same time Irish infantry with
tanks were making an assault againat
the enemy defences about Moeuvres,
* here sanguinary fighting already had
occurred during the last three days,
ind early in the morning had atonned
he ground in the vicinity of Tadpolo
: opse, whieh lies on an elevation just
nest of the toavi., and forced the tier
rrans te withdraw after a aharp en*
The enemy 1a?t night began th* eon?
Lentration of troops and artillery be?
tween Cambrsi ?no the Rourlon Wood,
ind gavi> every ndieation that they
jurposed to battle desperately for th*
recovery of their lost territory.
This morning the Germans In th*
F.astem part of Creveeoeur villag*
were maintaining an intense machtna
gun nre against the British in ita
Rain fell last night, and to-day i_M|