Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. LXXV1? \o. 25,980
First to Last?the Truth:
The Tribune Aart.'n]
News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Wermer, with snow by nijfht; Thurs?
day probably fair.
Full Itrport on Page 11
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2, 1918
? * * *
In fi?TKter New Vnrb
Within r'nmmiilli? lll>l?n?
Will Come by
McAdoo Gives Shipments
Right of Way Until
City Is Relieved
Appeal to U. S.
Brings 54,000 Tons
Temperature Rises Stead?
ily From 5 Below in
New York fuel authorities have tern- ,
porarily broken the stranglehold of the j
coal famine winch threatened both life :
snd commerce during four of the cold
?st days the city has seen in years.
More than 54,000 tons of anthracite
were brought into greater New York
during the forty-eight hours closing at
midnight last night.
By a great effort the seven principal
railroads operating between the coal ?
fields and Jersey terminals carried 180,
000 tons to tidewater in the same ;
period. Three-fourths of this fuel is ?
hard or domestic coal, constituting the
immediate reserve of the city's heating
To make the relief permanent, State \
Fuel Administrator Albert H. Wiggin
and County Fuel Administrator Reeve '
Schley yesterday literall. set the gov- ,
ernment of the United States, now op- !
erating all the railroads of the coun- !
try, into aci'o.i to save New York from ?
the possibility of another Arctic siege, !
with sickness, misery and death, such |
as the last few days of the old year
Director General McAdoo issued or- '
ders that the Pennsylvania tubes were
to be used to bring coal into New York
even if passenger service suffered in- j
TPi-ference. Up to midnight, however, j
-Mr. Wiggin and Mr. Schley had not \
heard of the new order lrom Washing
ton. They conferred with A. H. Smith,
president of the New York Centra!. I
concerning putting the Pennsylvania
tubes to such use, but took no action.
Crest Is Passed
Tile crest of the cold wave passed
yesterday, but although it. was milder
than the three days preceding, it was
nevertheless the coldest New Year's day
en record. The mercury went down to
6 below zero at 8 o'clock in the morn?
ing. From that hour the temperature
became more moderate, but not mod?r?
ete enough to relieve to any appreci?
able extent the ?iistress which had been
accumulating for a week or more.
Tier?' were near-riots and eiamorous
demonstrations in various sections of
the city, caused by the refusal of re?
tail dealers to sell coal except to ped-.
tilers, who resold with added profit in
The .''ne! administrators announced
that the battle was won. that the pass?
ing of the coal spell, the enlarged coal
receipt?, and the precautions taken to
prevent a repetition of a famine, prac?
tically insured the city against future
zero weather. Unless both rivers ;
should freeze, it was said, the situation :
could be handled.
.McAdoo Pledges Aid
During the day County Fuel Adminis?
trator Schley received a telegram from
Director General of Railroads McAdoo,
pledging the aid of the government, an?
nouncing that he had directed all the
?aiiroads concerned to render every
possible assistance. To see that his
orders were carried out. Mr. McAdoo
sent hi.s personal representative. A. H.
?Smith, president of the New York Con- !
tral, to the city to confer with Mr. Wig- i
Rin and Mr. Schley.
Mr. McAdoo's telegram to Mr. Schley i
is as follows:
"Your telegram received. Will do
everything I can to help relieve coal ;
situation in New York* Have been !
(?irccting all railroads concerned to
employ, all help possible to relieve
s-tuation you outline. I am advised '?.
mat labor shortage is hard to over- !
come. Have wired Mayor Hylan, ask- |
lng him if ?t is possible to furnish '?
a?y 1'art of the Street Cleaning De- j
partment or other city forces to as- i
Bist unloading coal cars. Please take ;
the matter up with Mayor Hylan. I
will direct the railroads to bear ex- :
pense or cost of using any part of i
Kew lork City forces that may be !
assigned to them. Will you please
get in touch with my representative, !
A- H. Smith, president of the New !
\ork Central, who will be in New
lork and who will confer with you ?"
Yards Too Small
y ? ^ro?" of the danger in which New
i?rK eity has been for years, Harry T.
m?t?rs' the Fucl Conservation Com
ton %Ri"d yesterday that the 180,000
i.T/it tCoa1' now a* tidewater, could
vulr e . accc""modated in the coal
?r,*:?, .tne neater city. This amount
tonntitutes a four-days' supply of coal
?!La*K*te? New York- but M'r- Pe'ter?
in W.1 Clty npver ?a? that much coal
as nDZ ai<V was every bit as serious
outnabout?inty Ul? 1,ublic never found
YoShe?ivfWere 412 coal yards in New
Peters ?n years aP?." said Mr.
three.' I ,u,u theii" are only sixty
coal tW exactly know how much
<annot holdCaa"h?ld' b,Ut \ kntnv they
reason for ? * ?0Ur daysNsupply. The
">? obvious " shortage of coal yards
oo valuable to800 '"? N> York Citv is
Nobody cal'?*" uf? ltLf?r st?""K c0?1
>0dy can ?k, fe lt for storing coal,
on Manhattan, ?Id t0. bUild coal P?<*ets
The local fuel ?,ntt 'h-?fe day8-"
terday that tt U 0ntlcs stated yes
visioning New vma,ln Problem of pro
railroad Problem or in%Vi!h i *??1 w,aa ? *
a government ni?ki n tho Iast analysis,
have to dSSJ S3 b???- t,The railroads
UP to the present ? thc7 carrv- and
difficulty has been \T? tb,e .PrinciPal
to unload the cars ?M *??^xn? labor
It becnm? L-rT nto barges.
'?ilroVdi?;?^0?. ywt?d*y that thc
Pressure to' th?;,v e "PP1*"?11?? such
during the las i?*6 of ''lbore,'8 that
?~~-~~~-^Z ee months thirty.
Continued on Last Page
Spring-Rice to Retire
From American Post,
*'Daily Chronicle** Says
Lord Bertie Will Be Shfted From
Paris and Buchanan Froni
LONDON. Jan. 1.?Sir Cecil Spring
Ricc and Lord Bertie, according to
the "Daily Chronicle,",will shortly re?
tire from the Hritish embassies at
Washington and Paris.
The newspaper adds that it is
rumored that Sir George Buchanan is
about to ?resign his post as ambassador
Sir Cecil Arthur Spring-Rice has been
the British Ambassador to the United
States since 1912. He has been in the
British diplomatic service for nearly
twenty years In 1903 he became first
secretary of the embassy at St. Peters?
burg (Petrograd), a position ho held
for two years, from 190G to 1908 he i
acted as British Minister and Consul
General in Persia, and from 1908 to
1912 as Minister to Sweden. He is
fifty-eight years old.
Sir George William Buchanan has
been the British Ambassador to Russia
since 1910. At the time of the Russian
revolution it was said that he was
prominent in starting the revolt-against
the government of the Czar Nicholas.
Sir George, who is sixty-three years
old. has been connected with the Brit?
ish diplomatic corps for forty-one
years. His tirst distinguished post was
that of Minister at Sofia, which he
held from 1903 to 1908. The follow?
ing two years he acted in the same
capacity at The Hague.
British Museum Will
Be Air Board Offices
Report Arouses Protests of
Scientists, Who Fear Loss
LONDON, Jan. 1.?"The Star" says
the government has token over the Brit- ;
ish Museum to be used as offices for |
the Air Board.
The government's decision to ap?
propriate the British Museum for the
Air Board's headquarters appears
destined to provoke great igitation j
among antiquarians and scholars. Sir j
John E. Sandys, public orator in Cam- '
bridge University, has written a vig?
orous letter of protest on hearing the !
rumor of the Air Board's intention. I
He pointed out that it would be im- '?
possible to remove more than a frac- I
tion of the valuable contents of the
museum, and that what was left prob- j
ably would bp damaged by ill-usage.
Sir John also referred to the fire
risk of the new occupancy and the i
fact that the building, the treasures i
of which are the envy of Germany, has
not as yet been attacked from the air.
He feared, however, that when the
Air Board was installed there it would I
be regarded as the legitimate object
of an enemy attack.
First Canadian Draft Ready j
OTTAWA, Ont., Jan. 1.?The first
draft under the military service act
will join the colors Thursday. It ?3
expected that the greater part of the
training will be given overseas.
Haltlrnorr and Ohio K. IX. on and after
Tltursday. Januury 3rd. National 3,1m
Ited, leaving New York, Wist C3rd Street, ?
3:!i0 P. M., Liberty St., 4:00 P. M., will
be withdrawn.?Advt. '
Big Blaze in
One Dead, Score Hurt; $2,
000,000 Damage Done in
Heart of City
Troops Rule City;
5 Suspects Arrested
3 Explosions Heard; Hy?
drants Frozen ; Firemen's ,
Work Impeded \
NORFOLK, Va., Jan. 1. -Almost two ]
blocks in the heart of Norfolk's busi?
ness district, including the Monticello i
Hotel, were destroyed, one man was '
killed and a score more injured to-day i
in a series of explosion and iires, which i
both the police and naval authorities ! *
believe were incendiary. The fire had ;
been checked to-night, but still was : ]
burning fiercely in the ruins. The loss ' i
is roughly estimated at more than .$2,- j *
Three distinct explosions in as many t
WE-LL BE GETTING 'EM MIXED IF WE'RE NOT CAREFUL
building--, one after the lire once vir
tually had been brought unfler control,
led to the general belief that encmj
agents were at work. .Mayor Mayo
M'actically placed the city under mar
' .a.) law by turning the situation ovei
to naval officers, and som 2,iiU0 ma?
rines ami bluejackets from nc '"bj
naval stations assisted the police and
Home Guards in maintaining order an?J
Naval patrols rounded up suspicious
persons throughout the afternoon,
while five men were arrestad as sus?
pects. Two of these, Hugo Schmidt and
H. K. Lessing, said to be Germans, were
turned over to Department of Justice
Report Germans Shot
To . ight there were reports that two
Germar;3 had been shot by sailors dur- i
ing the lay, but neither the police nor
naval authorities would confirm them, i
The lire started before dawn in the ,
old Granby Theatre, in Granny Street,
and gained headway rapidly, as the
firemen were handicapped by frozen
fire hydrants, 4o\v water pressure and
near zero temperature. It quickly
spread to the Monticello Hotel and
other nearby buildings in the block.
It was brought under control late in '
the day, but broke out anew early to?
night, leaped across Granby Street and
levelled half of the block there before
being checked. (
Falling floors and walls took toll of'
firemen and Naval Guards. One fire
man, Charles McCov. was killed and ,
seven others were hurt in the collapse |
of an upper floor of the Monticello Ho?
tel in the day, and to-niffht two fire
men and several sailors, were caught !
Continued on Last Page \
Last Foe Back
Force Teutons to Abandon
Zenson Bend in Fierce
LONDON. Jan. 1.?At the dawn of
a new year the Italian army on the
Piave scored a new success of consid?
erable importance over the Austro
German invaders. In a combined artil?
lery and infantry attack of overwhelm?
ing power, they forced the enemy to
retire from the only ground he held on
the western bank of the Piave, at Zen
ion, where he first established himself
on November 14. The operation was
begun last Thursday, and before the
aid year died out the entire bend of
Benson was again in the hands of the
Except for some sections of the in?
undated region on the Piave delta, the
Teutons are now confined entirely to
the eastern bank of the stream.
In the region of Monte Tomba, where
the French smashed through the Teu?
ton lines on Sunday, violent artillery
iuels continued throughout the day,
out the Austrians made no effort to
regain the lost ground, according to
the Berlin War Office statement.
On the Asiago Plateau, where both
sides are preparing for a renewal of
;he great battle in the Brenta Valley,
there was also increased artillery activ?
ity. Here, however, the recent heavy
snows have rendered the ground almost
impassable and no serious Teuton at?
tacks are expected to develop for some
Meanwhile, the Austro-German air?
men are continuing their destructive
raids on the Italian cities and art
centres behind the battle line. Last
night, Rome reports, bombs were
dropped oil the open cities of Vicenza,
Bassano, Castelfranco and Treviso,
causing the death of thirteen persons
and the wounding of forty-four. The |
material damage was slight. British I
and French fliers winged two hostile
machines in the course of the day.
The second statement of the British
War Office in regard to 'the situation
in Italy, issued to-day, says the Italians
remain in possession of their defensive
lines on the Monte Grappa and Asiago
sectors and are working untiringly to
strengthen them. It reports small raids
by the. British across the Piave River
and the destruction of enemy batteries
by British artillery and aircraft. The
statement concludes: "All the Allied
troops are confident of future success
of their united efforts and look forward
to the new year."
Germans gain more ground near
Cambrai ? Hindenburg predicts i
victory in 1918?Other war news
?On Page 5.
Camp Stuart in Peril
From Fire in Vicinity
r\U Available Fire Apparatus !
in Newport News Out
to Fight Blaze
NEWPORT NEWS, , Va., Jan. 1.?
Camp Stuart, on the outskirts of the
city, where 15,000 soldiers are sta?
tioned, was reported late to-night
threatened by a fire raging near by. '
A.11 available fire-fighting apparatus in i
.he city has beer, sent to the scene. '
Blockade of White Sea Is
Raised After Naval
Kaiser Willing to
Free White Russia j
Trotzky Trying to Foment;
LONDON, Jan. l.?The blockade of
the White Sea has been raised and
Germany is already sending ships to J
Russia with needed supplies, accord- j
ing to the Petrograd correspondent of?
the "Daily Mail." He wired to-day that!
j the German naval delegation at the <
I Russian capital had reached an agree- !
I ment with the Bolsheviki government
for the regulation of maritime com- ?
merce, which is expected to begin with
the impending arrival at Reval, on the
' Guf of GFinland, of ships from Ger
j many. j
The correspondent of "The Daily
[ News" in Petrograd, pointing out to- ?
day the dangers of a separate Russian
peace, declares that Trotzky is doing;
his utmost to stimulate a revolution in j
Germany. "Fraternization at the i
front," he says, "already has passed :
beyond control of enemy officers, and \
, enormous quantities of revolutionary i
' newspapers 'printed in German are be-'
ing distributed." He fears that the
Germans mean to force the Russians to
impose their peace Lerms on the Allies.,
Would Free White Russia
According to an evening newspaper \
the Russian delegates who have re- j
turned from Brest-Litovsk say that the j
Germans expressed a readiness to
evacuate White Russia, but declined to ,
withdraw their troops from such bases j
as Riga and Libau, except in the event i
of a general peace.
"The Daily News" correspondent j
"1 am convinced that our only chance ,
in defeating German designs is to pub- I
lish terms as near the Russian terms !
as possible, and, by taking a powerful !
hand in the proposed conference, help j
the democratic movement in Germany
while helping the Russians to force the |
German government in the direction it I
has had t<o take. ...
"Whatever party might be in power in
Russia, it would be compelled to con?
clude peace, and Trotzky's method is j
more likely to damage Germany than l
the method of any more polite person j
in his place. The nationalization of'
the banks puts ?i weapon more power- !
ful than the guillotine in the hands of i
the government, and probably will end
much of the present sabotage."
A dispatch to the "Daily Express"
from Petrograd says that German ships
already have free access to Russian
waters and the government is taking
precautions to protect them from Brit?
ish submarines. The first commercial
squadron is expected before the Rus?
sian Christmas, January 7.
Berljn newspaper reports received in \
Amsterdam say that Foreign Secretary i
von Kuehlmann, while coming to Ber- !
lin from Brest-Litovsk, stopped at War-|
saw to confer with the Polish Premier.
The Polish government, it is said, will j
share in the future negotiations at :
Brest-Litovsk in an advisory capacity.
The British government recognizes;
that the Brest-Litovsk peace proposals;
constitute a grave and new fact of
which official cognizance must be taken,!
says the "Daily Chronicle" in reporting, j
as did the "Manchester Guardian" yes?
terday, that the British government in?
tends to return a serious and reason-!
able reply to the Austro-German peace |
terms when presented officially. The !
"Chronicle" adds that the United j
States, Great. Britain. France and Italy
already are exchanging views concern- (
ing the peace proposals.
The reported visit of Premier Lloyd i
Georg't to Premier Clemenceau, it de?
clares, is an intelligent anticipation ;
which may, or may not, be realized.
Joint Sittings on reaca
With Russian Delegates
LONDON. Jan. 1.- According to Pet?
rograd dispatches, joint sittings if the
Austro-German delegations with the
Russian representatives started there
Monday. The members of the Brest
Litovsk delegations participating. The
discussions turned chiefly upon the
questions of prisoners and trade rela?
PETROGRAD, Monday, Dec. 31.?-The
German political delegates who are ;
visiting Petrograd, headed by Count i
von Mirbach, are devoting much of ?
their time to preliminary discussions
of the question of trade relativas. ]
Baron Admiral Keyserlingk declared ?
to-day that no time was more suitable :
than the present for making peace, as '
he considered that it probably would i
be difficult to reach terms with the '
ROTTERDAM. Jan. 1. Mathias Erz-!
berger, of the Clerical party; Friedrich
Ebert, of the Socialist party, and Herr
Fischbeck, of the Progressives, have
informed the Berlin correspondent of
the "Nieuwe Rottrrdamsehe Courant"
that the German declaration at Brct
Litovsk is approved unreservedly by
the members of the Reichstag Main
U. S. Railroad Mission!
By the Bolsheviki
LONDON, Jan. 1\?It is reported that j
the Bolsheviki have arrested the rnem- :
bers of the American Railway Mission j
at Irkutsk, Siberia, says a dispatch \
to the Exchange Telegraph from Petro- |
The United States Railroad Commis- i
jion to the Russian government ar- ?
rived in Petrograd last June end until :
the recent Bolshevik disturbances had
been actively engaged in assisting the
Russian railways out of their operat- ;
ing difficulties. The personnel of the
commission, which was not officially
John F. Stevens, oflN'ew York, for
Mayor Hylan Takes Office;
Tammany Men Get Big Jobs;
Bugher Is New Police Head
_:_ . ?
Named by Mayor Hylan
Police Commissioner.Frederick A. Bugher
Fire Commissioner.Thomas Drennan
Corporation Counsel.William P. Burr
City Chamberlain.Alfred J. Johnson
Co nmissioner of Docks and Ferries.Murray Hulbert
Commissioner of Public Charities.Bird S. Coler
Commissioner of Parks for Manhattan and
President of the Park Board.William F. Grell
Commissioner of Parks (Brooklyn).John N. Harman
Commissioner of Plant and Structures_John H. Delaney
Tenement House Commissioner.Frank Mann
Commissioner of Weights and Measures. .Joseph Holwell
Commissioner of Public Markets.Jonathan P. Day
Commissioner of Licenses.John Gilchrist
Commissioner of Correction.James A. Hamilton
Commissioner of Water Supply, Gas and
Electricity .;. Nicholas J. Hayes
Member Board of Assessors.".Maurice Simmons
Secretary to Mayor...Grover A. Whalen
Executive Secretary to Mayor.John F. Sinnott
The Board of Education
Arthur Somers, President
Joseph Yeska Frank P. Wilsey
Anna L. Murray Anning S. Prall
Mrs. Isaac F. Russell George J. Ryan
The Tax Board
Jacob A. Cantor, President
Lewis M. Swasey . James P. Sinnott
George H. Payne Joseph O'Grady
Arthur Murphy Richard Williams
City Civil Service Commission
James E. MacBride Morris Cukor
Hylan Appointees Typical
Of Old Tammany Days
Cigar-Smoking, Top-Hatted? Frock-Coated, Auto
mobiling, Politicians in Strange Contrast to
Simplicity of "Bill" Sulzer's Inauguration
By Charles T. White
The new Tammany-Hearst municipal !
administration is in office.
No one who knew Mayor Hylan's ap?
pointees and who listened to the
Mayor's instructions* to his heads of
departments saw substantial hope yes?
terday for an efficient administration.
Back of everything is the sharply de?
fined shadow of Tammany Hall.
Mayor Hylan's admonition to his ?
commissioners scunds like an echo of ;
the American Continental Congress.
His roster of appointees is a com- ?
posite picture of the orgonizations i
steered by Charles F. Murphy and John
Frederick A. Bugher, the new Police I
Commissioner, has wealth and social !
position. His rather colorless record
as a deputy under Commissioner Bing- ?
ham makes him practically an un-;
known quantity. He says he will keep .
politics out of the department.
Some Were Qualified
Some of the new heads of depart- j
ments are well qualified for their re- j
spective tasks, but in a majority of in- !
stances the appointments are palpably
rewards for political services.
Ex-Controller Bird S. Coler comes j
once more to the surface. He is the ?
new Commissioner of Charities.
Ex-Sheriff Nicholas J. Hayes is a vet
eran truck horse in Tammany machine ?
politics. He is the new Commissioner :
of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity. . i
John H. Delaney, the new Commis?
sioner of Plant and Structure?, dis?
plays political callouses on both hands
from holding fast to the McCooey ma?
William Grell, the new Commission?
er of Parks and president of the Park
Board, delivered the German vote of
Manhattan to Mayor Hylan, his backers
assert. The word "reform" is not j
found in his political*lexicon.
The appointment of James P. Sin- ;.
nott, of Brooklyn; George H. Payne, of j
The Bronx; Arthur Murphy, Tammany
leader of The Bronx, and Joseph
O'Grady, of Richmond, as Tax Commis?
sioners i * a recognition of "goods de?
livered" in one way or another in the
late mayoralty campaign. The only
taxation expert in the board of seven |
is Richard Williams, of Queens.who.se
long exp?rience in the department'
qualifies him. Jacob A. Cantor's ap?
pointment is recognized a? a good one.
lie will succeed Lawson Purdy as
president of the board.
Passes Experts L'p
Mayor Hylan said during the cam?
paign that he did not want experts in
his administration. His appointments,
taken as a whole, afford proof that he
is going to try to do without them. 1
The new Board of Education contains
the names of two women -Anna L. '
Murray, of Manhattan, and Mrs. Isaac
Franklin Russell, of Brooklyn. The ;
latter is the wife of a former chief ?
judge of the Court of Special Sessions.;
Arthur S. Somera, another new ap
mer chief engineer of the Panama
Canal, chairman; W. L. Darling, of St.
Paul, chief engineer of the Northern :
Pacific Railway; Henry ^Miller, of St.
Louis, former operating vice-president
of the Wabash Railroad; George Gibbs,
of Philadelphia, former chief mechani?
cal engineer of the Pennsylvania Rail?
road, and J. P. Griner, of Baltimore?
chief consulting engineer of the Balti?
more & Ohio Railroad.
A dispatch from Tokio, dated De?
cember 27, said Mr. Stevens had ar- ;
rived at Nagasaki, Japan, December i
r?....^, , ,o a icwiwi ni me service,
and well qualified by experience.
William P. Burr, the new Corpora?
tion Counsel, was for years an Assist?
ant Corporation Counsel, and is famil?
iar with franchise law.
"Commissioners will refrain from
catering to any newspaper or making
alliance with any, and will prevent all
subordinates from advertising them?
selves in this way," said the Mayor to
his commissioners. Mayor Gaynor
eight years ago urgeJ his commission?
ers to get their departmental work
before the reading public in every
"I do not want this Democratic ad?
ministration," saia the Mayor to his
commissioners, "to ieave in the minds
of the people the picture of commis?
sioners and well paid subordinates who
loll in automobiles, with big cigars in
their mouths, as they ride through the
parks or sit conspicuously in the grand?
stands at the ?baseball games, when
they ought to be attending to their de?
It is the consensus of opinion among
the Tammany men that that is just the
sort of an outfit Mayor Hylan has ap?
pointed. And then he tells them they
are to work from 9 in the morning
until 5 at night. Every Tammany
Mayor for the last forty years has said
substantially the same thing. Mayor
Hylan quit the Citj? Hall yesterday at
about 3:30, while the new heads of
departments in most cases stayed only
an hour or two, at their posts. And
there were plenty of new commis?
sioners who went to the City Hall to
beam upon the new Mayor, who lit?
erally "lolled in automobiles with big
cigars in their nwuths."
The beginning of Mayor Hylan's ad?
ministration is strikingly like the be?
ginning of Governor Sulzer's adminis?
tration. There is the same professed
love for simplicity. Che same unctuous
resolve to keep close to the plain peo?
ple. It suited the Tammany men to
get into power on a platform like
that, but they soon decided that that
kind of a platform was made to get
in on and not to ride on. And Will?
iam Sulzer soon fell upon evil times.
The bouquets and fanfare of yester?
day do not ?juite obliterate the memory
of a triumphant reception to one of
Mayor Hylan's Bushwick Avenue neigh?
bors?Doctor Cook, the explorer. With
Tammany in control of the Board of
Estimate, ?iev is no disposition on the
part of the braves to let any one play
schoolmaster to them. They propose
to run the departments which they
control in good old Tammany style,
leaving the drudgery to be done by the
civil service employes and blithely sign?
ing the payroll twice a month. Tam?
many has been out for eight years. So
far as the Tammany people are con?
cerned they will let Mayor Hylan do
as he likes in the Mayor's office, and
they will do as they like wherever
they control a department.
"Mayor Hylan is ?ooking for trou?
ble," said a Brooklyn leader yester?
day af ernoon. "You can bring it to
him % bucketfuls. He fattens on it."
From present indications, it looks
as if Mayor Hylan was sure to in?
crease his weight. The bucketfuls are
on the way to his office in the City
19 from Vladivostok, and that he had
reserved the accommodations of an
entire hotel in Nagasaki for 320 mem?
bers of his staff who accompanied
him. The dispatch also carried a
statement from Mr. Stevens in which
he declared it was his intention to
return to Russia with his staff and
remain there as long as they could be
of any assistance to the Russian peo
Cossacks fighting Bolslieciki near
Moscow?On Page 7. A
New Executive Demands
Reduction in City's Forces
to War Basis '
Hearst Fares Badly
Ceremony Curt; Mitche!
Leaves After a Very
Mayor Hylan took office yesterday at
thf- City Hall. Soon afterward he an
i nounced his appointments, the great
majority of them of Tammany men,
' tried and true.
The inaugural ceremony was so
brief and sim?le that it seemed almost
i curt. It took place at noon. A con?
siderable crowd saw Judge Hylan, his
wile and daughter enter the building
at 11:50, and somebody started a cheer
just as they disappeared from view.
Mayor Mitchel was in his office, and
greeted his successor cordially. To?
gether they walked to the Mayor's re?
ception room, where another crowd,
composed largely of men who will hold
offices under the new administration,
welcomed them with a cheer.
"Judge Hyian," said Mayor Mitchel,
stepping forward, "the people of New
York have selected you to serve them
as their chief executive for four years.
I now formally deliver to you the office
"You come to a post of broad op?
portunity but heavy responsibility, be?
set by problems exceeded in complex?
ity and in vital importance by those
of but one other oifice in this land. As
a citizen who has a? heart the welfare
of this city, permit me to wish for
your administration a full measure of
effective, patriotic and successful ser?
Mitchel Starts for Door
The ex-Mayor bowed to the new
Mayor as he finished speaking and
started for the door.
"Mayor Mitchel," began Mayor Hy?
lan, and Mr. Mitchel halted, a few
paces from the table where the speak?
"I shall jrivc all my time and at- i
tention to these important duties dur- \
ing the next four years," Mayor Hylan
proceeded. "The City of New York,
the financial, social, and commercial
centre of the world, is entitled to the'
best government human ingenuity can
Mr. Mitchel bowed again and de?
parted. Mayor Hylan, shaking hands
as he went with those wiio pressed
about him, made his way to his pri?
vate office, whence presently came the
announcement of appointments.
A notable exception and a must as?
tonishing one to most of the political
dopesters was the appointment of
Frederick A. Bugher, a former army
captain and Deputy Police Commis?
sioner, but not much of a politician.
as Police Commissioner, Until Satur?
day night Judge Dylan had never met
the man whom he named yesterday as
Police Commissioner. The meeting
took place at the home of Samuel
Untermyer. and the appointment is
believed to have been made at Mi.
Bugher Named Last
Mr. Bugher's appointment was not
announced with the others at the City
Hal!, and Commissioner Woods him?
self had not the slightest idea who
his successor was to be until Mr.
Bugher turned up at Headquarters.
Mr. Bugher was a Deputy Commission?
er- under Commissioner Bingham and
under Commissioner Baker. He had
charge of the Detective Bureau for a
time, and during the latter part of his
term devoted particular attention to
the traffic police. He was a vigorous
executive and was not afraid to act
on his own initiative when Acting
The Hearst organization fared bad?
ly. Joseph Holwell, apparently, was
the only Independence League man to
ieceive a place. !!?? got the com?
paratively insignificant berth of Com?
missioner of Weights and Measures,
at S5.0?0 a year. There was only ono
strikingly personal appointment of the
Mayor outside of his secretaries that
of James E. MacBride, as a Munici?
pal Civil Service Commissioner. Mr.
MacBride had charge of the publicity
bureau during Judge Hylan's cam?
Five Republican* were chosen. They
were Lewis M. Swasey as Commis?
sioner of Taxes, Republican leader of
the 17th Assembly District, Brooklyn;
George Henry Payne, also a member
of the Tax Commission, who was sug?
gested by Governor Whitman; Annin?;
S. Prall, as a member of the Board of
Education from Richmond; William
Drennan, as a Municipal Civil Service
Commissioner, and Frank D. Wi'sey, as
a member of the Boar?l of Education,
who was said to ha.-e been the lone ap;
point?e suggested by William M. Ben?
nett, the regular Republican candidate
for Mayor at the recent election.
There were two labor appointments:!
Peter J. B-ady, president of the Allied
Printing Trades Council, as Supervisor
of the City Record, and Jonathan P.
Day, head of the Labor Temple, m
Commissioner of Public Markets, to
succeed Henry Moskowitz.
One by one the names were called out
from the door to the Mayor's office.
The corridors'were jammed with those
who were certain and those who were
hopeful ami those who simply were in?
terested. Frequently, it happened that
at the moment his name was called an
appointee would be at the far end of
the building, perhaps beyond the range
of the doorkeeper's voice.
In such instances the ^rowd caught
up the name and passed it along until