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New Polish Legion
Takes Up Old Fight
Paderewski Enrolls His Country
| men in America to Battle Side
by Side With United States and
French Soldiers in France Against
the Ancient Oppressors of Their
Native Land?10,000 Men Join
in What They Believe Is Final
Struggle for Freedom
Poland shall not fall or perish,
While her sons are living.
Though they robbed us, we'll re
With our good siro-rv-fe striving.
Forward for Poland! Liberty for
March, march, for Poland! Liberty
? Polish Hymn.
By Leon Landsberg
4 GAIN the Polish Legion! The
/-\ first was Kosciuszko's; the latest
is Faderewski's; both names
greatly endeared to America. There
are grateful memories of Pan Tadousz,
whom we call Thaddeus of Warsaw, in
our Revolutionary history, and the
name of his garden has long been fa
miliar to successsive classes of West!
Point cadets and their fair visitors. ;
And now Paderewski, unspeakably en- j
deared to myriads of American music
lovers, enrolls another Polish legion on
American soil, which shall fight as of
old by the side of our troops, on the
?acred soil of France. Between the two,
nearly a century and a half apart,
many a time has a Polish legion done
gallant work in war, though under an
?lien flag. Now, in the fulness of time,
it may have the glad privilege of fight?
ing against its old oppressors under its
own Polish standard of crimson and
white. For there has also been fully
formed in France a Polish legion which
is an autonomous force, fighting under
its own Polish colors, and that which
Paderewski has organized here will
doubtless have the same status. The
new Polish Republic which will emerge
from the ruck of the world war is al?
ready potentially one of the Allied na
There is a peculiar fitness in this
?allying of the Poles to the aid of
France, since this will he the fifth time
in a little more than a hundred years
that they have done so. In the Middle
Ages a French princess was a Queen
of Poland and a French duke was of?
fered the Polish crown.
In Napoleon the Poles thought they
saw their political deliverer, and thou?
sands of them Hocked to his standard,
under the Directory, in the Consulate
and in the First Empire. It was Thad
deus Kosciuszko's friend, Henry Dom
browski, who organized two Polish
iona and offered them to the Di?
rectory. Under the law as it then was
they could not be accepted. Thereupon
they went over to the Cisalpine Repub?
lic, which had been organized by Bona- j
parte, and there found service. Al-1
ready bad Poles become eminent in the
trench army, Joseph Sulkowski was
one of the chief aids to Bertbier in his
Italian campaign, and was the strat
? i t who planned the expedition to
Kgypt, whither he went with Bona?
Dombrowski'8 call for Polish soldiers
' r the French army was responded to
by myriads, both of Poles at Warsaw
and of those who had been exiled to
alien binds. They played a great part
in the conquest of Northern Italy, sing?
ing their war song:
''March, march, Dombrowski, from
Italy's soil to Poland 1
Under thy leadership will we restore
At Aneona, in the Church of Lorctto,
was found the sword of John Sobieski.
Thia Bonaparte bestowed upon Dom?
browski, who in turn transferred it to
Kosciuszko. When the Grand Duchy of
Warsaw was established, Pan Tadeusz
in gratitude returned the sword to Na?
il, who left it to the little "Aig?
lon, the King of Rome."
Alter the bloody campaign of 1799
and the disastrous expedition to Hayti,
Dombrowski organized a new Polish
legion in Italy. A second, the Legion
of the Danube, under General Kniazie
wicz, served with Moreau in Germany.
A third, the Legion of the North, was
organized in the fall of 1806 by Gen?
eral Zayontchek, and a second Legion
of the North was formed by General
Wolodokowicz in the following ?spring.
In 1S0S and 1809 were formed, respec?
tively, the first and second Polish
legions of tho Vistula.
In the Peninsular War the soldiers
of Poland were conspicuous. In co?
operation with Marshal Davoust, Prince
Joseph Poniatowski, who also became
a marshal of France, organized at War?
saw itself a legion which was soon
heard of in Spain.
With French at
Wagrarn and Moscow
A squadron of Polish cavalry won
great glory at Wagram, turning against
the Austrian uhlans their own lances
which the Poles had wrested from their
hands, for which exploit the Poles were
promoted to be lancers of the Imperial
Guard.. In the terrible retreat of the
Grand Army from Moscow, at Ostrova,
at ?Smolensk, at the Moskwa and at the
Beresina, the Poles did noble defensive
work, despite tho dashing of their
dreams and hopes of national rehabili?
In tbe desperate, campaign of 1814
the Poles again showed their loyal at?
tachment to Napoleon and to France.
They fought then on some of the very
soil which the present war has again
soaked with blood. In the Forest of La
F?re and near the headwaters of the
Ourcq they held the Prussian invaders
in check. At Berry-au-Bac they won a
famous bridge fight, the Polish lancers
of General Nansouty's advance guard
charging and vanquishing tho cavalry
of the enemy.
At Arcis-sur-Aubo it was within f
hollow square of Skrynccki*s Polisl
fantassins that the Emperor sought
refuge. "Here," be said, "i am shieldec
from ail danger." When be set out foi
Klba Polish soldiers accompanied him
to form that guard of three hundrei
which the triumphant allies accordei
to him. In the siege and defence ol
Paris, in the spring of 1814, it was a'
the head of Polish troops that Marsha
Moncey defended the barriers of Clichy
Once more, when Napoleon came bad
from Elba for the Hundred Days, hit
closest companions were the faithfu
Poles,'which moved the official orgar
of the government to report that "the
famous brigand, with a gang of his
Poles, is marching to meet Marsha'
Debt of Death
This loyalty and devotion of tin
Poles to Napoleon causeed them to hi
regarded with disfavor little short o:
animosity by tbe restored Bourbons
But between them and the French arm;
and people warm affection continued ti
prevail. So it came to pass that whei
tho attempted revolution occurred a
Warsaw, in November, 1830, a compan;
of Frenchmen, under General Ramorin
and General Langerman, fought gal
lantly at the head of the Polish force;
That revolution was a failure, so far a
Poland was concerned, yet it save
France from the coalition of despotisn
thus repeating the services which Kos
ciuszko had rendered at the beginnin
of the French Revolution.
Again, in the abortive Polish insui
rection of 1863, many Frenchmen wer
implicated. In the gloomy Mazuria
forests Colonel Kochebrune and h:
Zouaves of Death fought for the Pole
with desperate fury, their chief losin
his life in the conflict. Following th
tragedy came a great, intellectual ej
POLISH RECRUITING POSTER
'lHe uoaier carries tho following: inscription:' 'Fulo.-;.' Kosc?uszko anii
Pulaski fought for the liberty of Poland and other nations. Follow
their example! Enlist in the Polish army!"
odus from Poland into exile, chiefly, of
course, into France. Chopin, Mickie
wicz, Zaleski, Niemcewicz, Cznrtoryski
and others, compelled to leave Poland,
sought a home in France. When, there?
fore, in the Terrible Year the Germans
i invaded France and beleaguered Paris,
; many Polos were among the foremost
. defenders of tho tricolor. Denied the
1 privilege of then forming autonomous
'i legions under their own name, the
i Poles enlisted by thousands in the
i French ranks.
i With this more than century-long
j record of fraternity in arms with the
j French, and particularly of assistance
j to tho French in opposition to tho Ger
j mans who were the oppressera of both
i France and Poland, there was naturally
a spontaneous flocking of Poles to the
tricolor standard in August, 1914,
Promptly on August 2, the very day on
which Germany sent troops to violate
the neutrality of Luxemburg and sent
| an insolent ultimatum to Belgium, rep
I resentative Poles issued a call to all
I their compatriots in Franco to enlist in
ginning of tho action ho personally
aimed his .75 field piece, and did
wonders with every shot. An explod?
ing'?hell badly wounded hin left arm.
but did not stop him, and despite the
flowing blood he again addressed him?
self to tho cnnno-i. Then another Prus?
sian shell wrecked his cannon and
crushed both his legs to pulp. Though
mortally wounded, ho hado his com
?adcs carry him to another part of the
field, where there was another cannon
which was shooting badly, so that he
could improve its shooting before he
died." In such fashion have honored
names been added I o the immortal ros?
ter of the sons of Poland who have
fought and died for France.Dombrow
ski, Budzinski, CzaykowBki, Galezow
nki, Kaminski, Zolkicwski, Zaleski, and
While thus tho young men of the
Polish raco were distinguishing them?
selves and serving the cause of hu?
manity on tho battle front, their elders
and the women of their race were no
less busy and efficient in other direc?
tions. Time, lntior and means were
freely given for the aid of the soldi?;rs
i.i the field. On May 15, 1915, they
organized a. committee for the relief
of the wounded Poles in the French
army. The president of this committee
was none other than Jean de Reszke.
His son, it should be recorded, had been
among the first to enter tho military
service of France. Enlisting as a pri?
vate in the 11 tli Regiment of Cuiras?
siers, ho was eight days later promoted
to bo brigadier, having meanwhile re?
ceived his iirst wound in the Battle
of tho Marne.
There was also organized a bureau
for the enrolment, of Polish volunteers,
which was followed by :i committee of
Polish volunteers, the efforts of which
were directed toward securing for the
Polos an autonomous army organiza?
tion. The first important step in this
direction was secured in the decree of
the Jfrcnch government permitting
Poles'*to serve in any portion of tho
French army, without being confined
to the Foreign Legion.
The final slop came in the early sum?
mer of last year. In March tho Rus?
sian revolution deposed th?: Czar and
very materially changed the attitude
and relations of the Russian govern?
ment toward the war and toward Po?
land, the Provisional Government be?
ing inclined to recognize fully the
rights of Poland as an independent
state. These circumstances removed the
chief objection which had existed to
the creation of an autonomous Polish ',
army in France, and the desirability of I
such an organization was accordingly !
urged. M. Painlev?, tho Minister for
War, was sympathetically inclined to?
ward the proposal, and he made a re?
port to the President, of the republic
recommending that tho desiie of the
former be granted.
Accordingly, on June 5, 1917, Presi?
dent Poincar? issued a decree, of which
the first article ran as follows:
"There is created in France, for the
POLISH RECRUITING POSTER
The poster carries the following inscription: "Following the paths of on?
fathers in tho ranks of the Polish army for Motherland and Freedom!"
eral ?rchinard was olaced in command I
and headquarters were established in
Paris in the Rue Chanaleilles, in the old j
Puysegur mansion. There recruiting for j
the Polish army proceeded,all enlistment j
being for the full term of the war and!
the certificate of enlistment being writ?
ten in both brent'" and Polish. Re?
cruits were prompt.':?' sent to Sille-le
Guillaume, in the Department of the
Sarthe, where was established a groat
camp of instruction of the Polish army.
The official organization of this
Polish army is, naturally, identical
with that of tho French. The officers
are at first taken from among those of
the Allied armies, for the sake of ex?
perience, with tho intention, however,
that, as soon as practicable all should
bo taken from among tho Poles them?
selves. The uniform of the soldiers
is the same as that of the French, with
the exception that the Polish eagle
replaces the French emblem on the
"konfadratka" (four-cornered Polish
cap). Thus a striking contrast is pre?
sented to the Polish uniforms of for-!
mer years, which were perhaps the!
most showy and splendid in the world.
Wisdom might well have suggested
the formation of another such Polish '
army in Russia, but tho Provisional ]
the French army which was then being
The response was electric. Upon the
very first appeal made by Dr. Jean ,
Danysz, of the Pasteur Institute, and of
the "Polonia Review" and the Sokol
Society, more than two thousand vol?
unteers hastened forward. Most of them
were from France, but many were from
the United ?States, and some were from
Brazil, from Argentina, from Costa
Rica and elsewhere. They comprised
men who were nominally Germans.
Austrians and Russians, according to
the parts of dismembered Poland to
which they belonged, but all were Poles
above all else, and next were devoted
friends of France. There could be, of
course, no question of an autonomous
Polish army, in view of the relation?
ship which at the beginning of the war
existed between Franco and Russia,
wherefore they flocked to tho famous
Only two exclusively Polish com?
panies were formed, one of these being
at Kueil and the other at the Camp
dcs-Cherubins, near Bayonne. The
other Poles were scattered through the
various battalions of the Foreign Le?
Gave Their Blood
Larly in Present War
Despite this dispersion o? thei
forces the Poles succeeded in makini
their presence in the French army fel
in gratifying fashion. The company
from the camp near Bayonne, carrying
beside the tricolor a Polish flag whicl
women of Bayonne had made for them
was soon engaged upon the battle line
(?n November ?9, 1914, that compan;
stormed a German trench and plante?
thereon their flag, though a gallan
engineer, Ladislas Szuyski, who ha?
come from Cracow to fight, was killed
He was not the first Polish martyr ii
the cause. On November 7 there hai
fallen in battle Dr. Jean Danysz, th
eldest son of the savant of the Pasteu
Institute, who had issued the first cal
for Polish volunteers. The second am
third sons, Stephane and Bronisla
Danysz, were wounded and commende
m orders of the day.
A Polish company under Commande
Noiret was detailed to lead an attae
upon the Germans north of Arras, o
May 9, 1915. They gained a foothol
in the fourth line, where they clun
desperately, though Commander Noiret
Colonel Pain and most of the othe
officers and many of the men wer
slain. The survivors of this nchievc
ment were the next day summoned b
tbe commanding general to step foi
ward from the ranks; whereupon h
i hanked them and then had the othe
troops defile before them and salute.
One of the earliest of the man
achievements of the Poles in this ws
was that of a young artillery office
Lewicki by name, at Schirmek, in 0<
tober, 1914. "He was," says one wh
was an eyewitness of the affair, "
marvellous gunner. From the very bi
duration of the war, an autonomous
Polish army, placed under the orders i
of the French High Command but
fighting under the Polish flag."
See Hopes Now
Of Final Freedom
Tho enthusiasm with which this act
was greeted bv the Poles was sim?
ply indescribable. It seemed to assure
the fulfilment of the hopes which had
been cherished for more t.haij. a century,
that the wrong inflicted upon Poland
by Frederick the Great of Prussia
would be undone, and that a free and
united Poland would resume its place
among the sovereign nations of Europe.
A group of native Polish officers at
once lent their- assistance to the or?
ganization of this new army: among
them being Colonel Adam Mokiejewski,
Commanders Rybinski and Lcblois,
Captains Guignard, Korlowski and Kra
Bynski and Lieutenant Rodzinski. Gen
Government deferred doing so until it
was too late. The Provisional Gov?
ernment made promises of Polish inde?
pendence, but would not take the de?
cisive step of sanctioning tho forma?
tion of a Polish army under the Polish
flag, As for Germany and Austria,
they wore quite ready to have the
Poles form a "national" army, pro- '.
vided it was quite subject to Teutonic i
command and was drawn exclusively
from Russian Poland. That, however,
fell far short of satisfying the Poles,
who were and arc as much intent upon
regaining for an independent Poland
the territories stolen by Prussia and
Austria as those assigned in the par?
tition to Russia. Now, therefore, all
Poll's understand that the realization
of their national aspirations depends
entirely upon the success of the Al?
lies and the overthrow of Prussian
despotism in the Central Empires.
Naturally, they have looked much to
America since the entry of this coun
try into the war. Before that event !
it was, of course, forbidden to re- j
cruit men for any foreign army in tho
United States. But. as soon as war
was declared here the question arose,
Why not a Polish Legion in America?
Happily, it was answered in the af?
firmative by an order of October '-'<
last, which authorized the recruiting
for such an organization of any Poles
in this country who had nob become
naturalized and were therefore not
subject to conscription for the ?Ajneii
The lcad?ir in this movement was the
pianist and composer, Ignace Jan Pad
erewski, who last fall cancelled an im?
portant concert tour in order to give
all his time and strength to tho or?
ganization of a Polish Legion. Al?
ready, on October -1, two clays before
the recruiting of Poles was authorized,
a great Koscuiszko centenary celebra?
tion liad been held in Chicago, at which
tho new national battle hymn, com?
posed in both words and music by Mr.
Paderewski, had been sung, and at
which were consecrated the battle flags
which were to be borne by the legion
whoso formation was already confi?
Paderewski in December conferred
with tho Secretary of War, and se?
cured from him the grant of exten?
sive grounds and buildings at Fort
Niagara, New York, as a training can?
tonment for tho recruits. Already a
Polish camp had been established at
Niagara-on-the-Lakc, but it was insuf?
ficient in size and was so overcrowded
that no more men could be received,
und recruiting was thus in danger of
being halted. Secretary Baker's pro?
vision of ample room for 2,000 more
men at Fort Niagara was thus of im?
mense advantage, and enabled recruit?
ing and training to be continued with?
out delay. Within four months moro
than 10,000 men were in the Polish
Big Army Training
In United States
Nothing could be more admirable
than the spirit of these Polish volun?
teers. They include boys not yet out
of their teens and men of fifty years
or more, all being accepted who arc
physically fit. It is not desired, how?
ever, to receive any men who have de?
pendent families who would bo left
destitute. Many a man has on enlist?
ing handed over to the recruiting offi?
cer all his savings, "for Poland," and
has expressed joy at relinquishing ?;.
job paying several dollars a day tc
serve in tho army at so many cents :
day, "for Poland." Naturally, men
thus animated make, rapid progress ir
military training, so that it is not
surprising to hear veteran French of?
ficers praise these troops of only f
few weeks' training.
Paderewski has given himself to the
promotion of this cause with an en?
ergy which has fully taxed even hi;
powerful frame, and has once or twict
already compelled him to desist fron
his labors for rest. In spirit he neve;
wearies of urging his compatriots t?
enlist and thus to help, to fulfil th?
aspirations of the Polish nation. "Rus
sia, Austria and Germany," he say?
"have all been brutal to Poland. The;
have all tried to crush our spirit o
freedom. Now is our chance to wii
back a free and independent Poland.
Very early in the war Mr. Padercw
ski organized a Polish Relief Commit
tec, of which his personal secretarj
Mr. W. O. Gorski, has all along beei
the secretary and executive director, j
native Pole, with the characteristics o
that nation, Mr. Gorski is now a
American citizen, and has thug been o
great service in the promotion of th
In addition to Paderewski's work,
special Polish Military Committee ha
been formed, and is working most e1
?iciently for the recruiting and C(\\\\\
ment of the Polish army in Franc
and for all other details of the worl
Ils members are Messrs. T, M. Helii
ski, Dr. T. A. Starzynski and Alexar
POLAND'S NEW BATTLE HYMN
Both words and music are by Paderewski, and were played and sung first in Chicago on October 17, at
the Kosciuszko centenary celebration, at which the first flags of the new American Polish Legion were conse-'
crated. The prelude and first bar of the music shown above, are reproduced from Paderewski's autograph
composition. Following is a translation of the hymn:
On, white eagle, the dark events are over,
?Rise to-day, you splendid one, in a high flight,
Above the fields of glory, above tho clouds of sky.
Above the whole wide world!
On, white eagle, once so severely wounded!
Too long have rang the mourning chimes,
Lasted the mad despair and crying tunes,
Lead us to brave and fearless deeds!
On to fight! to fight! where liberty is dawninf
Ou to fight for the Polish shore of sea!
For Poland free from tyrant's fetters!
On to fight! Such is God's will.
On to fight! for Gdansk and seashore
For all our land, our native land,
For the liberty of all, for yours and ours..
The Two Deaths
Of Litt?e Pierre
By Mme. Lucie Delarue-Madrus
Translated by William L. McPherson
(.Copt/right, l'jlS, h-j The Tribune Association)
Here is a war story which shows delicate imagination??
| true poetic feeling, Mme. Delarue-Madrus is a poet of distinc
j tion as well as a successful writer of drama and fiction. //c,
; work has a peculiar quality of refinement. Eren when it deah
with the hardest realities of war there is a gleam in it of th?
\ light that never was on land or sea.
In lio:-; story tlte love of the French people for their soiL.
?for the fields, the trees, the landscape which art a part of their
life-?is effectively employed, to give color and vitality to a"poe'V
fancy. Perhaps no other manifestation oj Gt rmau brutalil
has touched the French mind so much as the wanton dcvastatjJ-,
of the occupied territory. In that the invader lias taken a doubi*
toll of death and desecration?first from the unhappy peoj?^
left behind and then from the soil itself and all that mofo*
\ beautiful and habitable.
AFTER they had lived for a Lii le
in the Notre Damo section,
tho whole neigborhood got to
know the story of their misfortune.
They were two old people, victims of
the war, but attracting a little more
sympathy than usual because of a great
grief which they had borne for more
than thirty years.
This was that their only son, the fruit
< ' a relatively late marriage fa mar?
riage of love; retarded by the usual ob?
stacles) had not been able to pass that
difficult age?the first critical period in
life?when childhood changes into
youth. The little fellow had died at
This had happened in the day? of
peace?long, long ago. It had happened
in the North of Franco, in the little
village in which the two old people
were born, and from which the war
drove them as refugees to Paris.
They told their story among the
tradespeople, and in the lodge of the
concierge. Up to the beginning of tho
war tho husband had enjoyed the dis?
tinction of having been a minor em?
ploye in a very small government office,
subsequently going into retirement.
Since th.ir cxilo he had earned for his
wife and himself, by copying and mis?
cellaneous clerical work, the means to
live?or rather to stave ofF death; for
they were both close on to eighty.
"it wouldn't have mattered to us to
dio back there, at home. But to die
here, in Paris, which we liad never seer,
before, that must not be?because of
the chestnut tree, if for no other
Very dignified, whether smiling ot
grave, they always took turns in ex?
"Little Pierre planted the tree, 7>les
dames," said the old woman. "At tiirec
years and half, even, he had ideas like
that. You can see what he might have
made of hin..-elf."
Then the old man broke in:
"We had. given him, to play with
some chestnuts which we had' picke?
up on the road to Ham. So, one morn?
ing, when he was playing in the gar
Fie Was Digging
A Little Hole
Here the old woman intervened:
"We saw our little Pierre digging ;
hole in the ground, wit!; his littl
fingers, like this, and burying in it th?
biggest of the chestnuts. We wer'
both very much astonished, as you ma;
Then the husband:
"We didn't believe it would germin
ate. Nobody would have thought thai
Our garden is about as big as a pocke
handkerchief. And nothing had tve
grown in it but some tiny grass blade
and three flowers,"
Then the wife:
"But four years later we noticed
little tree appearing in the grass plo
Then we remembered and cried: 'It i
little Pierre's chestnut tree!'"
At til is point the old people alwa\
wept a little. Then the husband wipe
his eyes and said mournfully:
"And we had left only his tree," sai
the wife, giving the finishing touch !
But a moment afterward she woui
"So we called the chestnut tr<
On other occasions they told aboi
the size of the tree, the shape, of i
branches and the color of its bar
And the neighbors who listened '
their talk felt that this chestnut tn
w.is for them a thing even more sacrt
than the tomb of th<>ir little son.
tree which takes jroot it is a livii
thing, it grows like a little boy, then
enlarges its girth like a young ma
then it becomes dignified and settle
like a man whose career has been mac
He Would Be
Forty Years Now
"The chestnut tree is almost thirt
seven years old, counting from the di
it was planted; So little Pierre w"u
have been over forty to-day."
Some one remarked:
"He would be at the front."'
Then the eyes of the two old peor
became fixed. They had the sar
"He would probably have be
The death of a person in norn
times?a civilian's death?resernLles
many respects a sombre fete. So ma
flowers, with their fragrance, _
heaped about the funeral couch;
many draperies and emblems of moui
ing surround the coffin; the cercmon
of the mass is full of austere pom
-o many friends press forward, th
syes shining with sympathy, to cons>
those who are left behind. A des
under such circumstances remains
ivent in the annals of a family me
arable for its display and its dec
itive details in the sanje degree as bi
.isms, first communions and marriag
But in time of war the soldie
ieath, the violent death of a man si
ienly stricken down how shocking r
aleak a thing it is! How brutal a 1
reuvement without flowers, music
.?eremonial! Truly, to be killed is 1
One morning the great news spr<
!i Paris of the German retirent?
through which a large portion of
occupied territory in Northern Frai
"ound itself unexpectedly lib?r?t
Hie two old people were able .nc <
to take a train to go and sec w
remained of their house and their pr
The neighbors had told them that
rapidity of the retreat had preven
he enemy from destroying things
i grand scale in that particular sec1
"Perhaps the house will be s
standing, they repeated to each ot
>n the way home.
But each of them knew that the ot
vas thinking especially of the den
ioved chestnut?of the tree in wli
.he body and soul of their vania!
?hild continued tu live, as long atio
hamadryad- used to liv? in the oak,
Tho houso might be destroyed.
on the tiny grass plot the young trc*
which bore the name o? little fien*
would give the two aged exiles a greet.
?Wing more acceptable to them ti.an. th?*
of an undamaged roof or an unsha?
tered hearthstone. They expected to
find it there, patient, faithful, with its
roots struck deep, ?ike the foundation*
of a little house, dominating '.hewfioi?
place, casting toward the white Bit* it?
black winter branches, in which ?j
hidden the future foliage of sn?jner
overspreading with its bulk the lor
v alls and the I arro v ana of t'e Htth
garden. They were going to find it
again? the;.- tree, an isiet of vcrdtin
suspended between the earth and the
clouds, on the top of l straight and
lustrous trunk in whose sap was stored
! life for at least two centuries, till at
; last it should die slowly, but erect a??
, is the habitude of noble, virile tree's.
I They Hurried as
i Fast as They Could
! "Ah!" they sighed as they ?ached'
; tho-last station.
How they hurried, as fast as their
years permitted, toward their bone in
i ruins! How eager they were to fee
j the garden! What a lodging they hac
for their precious chestnut tree! To
lean against it?against that might?
offspring of the little chestnut of year?
spo, that plaything, shining and pol?
ished, which, before turning into a
tree, had been gripped in the warm
palm of the hand of their thrcc-and-a
They saw if, razed level with th?
earth, its trunk lying across the rem?
nants of the wall, which had beer,
broken into pieces by ir.-; fall. Fora
long time already the dead branche!.
scattered about, h id been rottimr away.
And in the presence of that useless and
besotted crime, the terrible sobs of
these two old people, v. ho would no;
have wept at seeing their house oe
molished, were those of all the parent?
to whom, since the war began, has
come the announcement of the gr.-ater.
of all misfortunes. For in the assf*
sination of that tree their little P eO
died a second time; or, rather, ?
of the death long ago of the lifi^
boy who could not gnuv up. he jai
been slain by the Germans?h-,, te.
like a soldier of the great war, liifu'l
For Chaplains Not
Prompted by Soldier's Wishes
Instead of Shortcomings, Is
Representatives of organizations es?
pecially interested in '. ie moral wel?
fare of the United States army ex?
pressed the opinion yesterday tha:
General Pershing's request for more
chaplains at the front is prompted.
not by any shortcoming on the par:
of the troops, but by their expressed
need for spiritual help, additional t? |
that provided by the Y. M. (.'. A. anc
Bishop William Fraz-er McDowell?
of Chicago, chairman of tbe Federal
Council of the Churches, ivh?ft em?
bracing most denominations, is vitaUv
interested in the chaplain problem, 1*
in New York attending a council oj
bishops of the Methodist Fpiicopt
Church. ]\c said:
"? am pleased that General Pu?
shing agrees with us thut more ch?P
lains are necessary. It is not a ne*
thing. We have been working on ?'?
at Washington for some t.me: the Set
ate committee has already acted on li?
ai, d the Secretary of War'has promis*?
"The shortage of chaplains at tr.e
front is due to changing the regimen
tal unit to conform to the Europe?"
war plan. The regulation says th?:
there shall be one chaplain to a re??'
ment, and this was all right while *
regiment was only 1,200 men. J>u'
now a regiment is*.'i,500 or 0,600 met
and so three chaplains to a redimen
as suggested by General Pershin?
would give the same proportion as Wj
fore the change in tho regimen*
"1 speak for all the churches when '
say that we can supply all the cMP'
lains needed. Some of those WBO^
now working for the if. M. C. A-8*-*
have to be transferred to the field,?8
1 am sure the V. M. C. A. will not??
that, since their work, even in the r
M. C. A., is purely spiritual, which H
only on?3 sid.e of the work of that?'
ganization. _ ?.
"The churches are loyal," Dr- *
Dowell added. "The twenty bisMPj
here have been discussing what "??
personally were doing, and 1 an? *,?
to count a dozen of their ?on3 who*"
now in service, i think every one ??
us who had a son to give has g>v
Mrs. Ella A. Boole, president O? j??
State W. C. T. I'., .-..?.I that there*?*
undoubtedly a shortage of chap.?'''
in the army. She pointed out that?
United States is negotiating, ?
France to allow the same restriewjj
and safeguards to be applied to ?
troops overseas as to those ?*. " *,
This, she said, would b< -,'1l?'0!e"'.?u.
prevent drunkenness and otner c ?
the appeal for chaplains o*'*
prompted solely by spiritual nctu
pressed by the nun themselves. ,?
"Men in danger need rolig???? "^
She said. ,),(
W. II. Anderson, representing '
Anti-Saloon League, agreed t?a' ,or
need for chaplains and the n,ee^A?jr
safeguards against liquor :'nd ?,1?.
temptations were distinct 'indTseS???*
lie announced that L)r. '?-,'? 1* ?jie
assistant general superintend?ntv^
league, and Dr. James Cannon, ???^
man of the National Legislative"^
mittee of the league, w i I ??" ' '
soon to study conditions there.
None of those mentioned wa" ?' QTtu
give first-hand testimony as to gj
conditions among the M'oop* v.?,
James K. Joy, editor of ' ' '.. ,,.?*..
ames K. Je\, editor ot I "? .;..?,
?an Advocate," and Dr. Lid? in 1- ^
nain, resident publishing agent <?-A
Methodist Book Concern, cXPfSSSfc
confidence in the America? b0;^,<,
and said that stories of drunUn^
and other vice that had com? W