Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. LXXVIII No. 20,107
First fo Last? the Truth:
Tho Tribune Ani'n]
News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Fair and cooler to-day. To-morroWf
partly cloudy and warmer; mod?
erate sooth winds, becom?
Foil Report on Pint* t
THURSDAY, MAY 9, 1918
TWO ricvT?5,n Orrmter New York ?nd I TKRKE CEBH?
Germans Strike At Ypres; Enter First Line;
DCLRer Reports 500,000 Troops in France
Force Test of
Fate of Lloyd George
Government May De?
pend on Vote^of
Premier to Give
Reply to Charges
If Cabinet Falls Ap?
peal May Be Made to
By Arthur S. Draper
(Special Cable to The Tribune)
LONDON, May 8.?Premier Lloyd
George is expected to follow ex-Pre?
mier Asquith to-morrow in the de?
bate in Parliament on the motion to
appoint a committee of the House ci
Commons to investigate the charge
that Major General F. B. Maurice
has brought against the Premier and
Chancellor of the Exchequer Bonar
As the government intends tc
make Asquith's motion a vote oi
censure, a large attendance is ex?
pected. To-night ' I hear perhaps
Asquith will withdraw his motion
after hearing Lloyd George's de?
fence, such a man?uvre having the
effect of putting the. Premier? on thi
defensive and forcing the ministry
to demand a vote of confidence oi
To-morrow's debate cannot be con
sidered a fair trial of the charges
as Maurice will have no opportunit;
of presenting his case before th
Cannot Foretell Result
If a division is taken to-morro\
the result will depend on whethe
the eighty Nationalists return t
Westminster and whether a consid
?rable number of Unionists join th
Opposition or refuse to vote. An
rttempt to forecast whether the go\
ernment will stand or fall is 1 argel
I hear the Lloyd George Oppos
tion already has considered the foi
mation of an alternative governmeu
and that it is prepared to carry o
should the present administratio
The new government would have
preponderance of Liberals and Labo
but also some Conservatives, wherea
Lloyd George is a Liberal, surrounde
largely by Conservatives
If the King should ask Asquith t
form a government, his slate certainl
would not contain the name of Lloy
George, Bonar Law or Balfour. Th
downfall of the government woul
mean an early general election, unie.'
Asquith is to return to power accon
panied by some dramatic change in th
military and political situation.
Asquith is supposed to be weak i
the country, because he is considere
topean toward peace by negotiatio:
The charge may be unfounded so fi
as the Liberal leader is concerned, bi
it undoubtedly is true of several <
his former ministerial associates.
Lloyd George Weak Politically
Almost any leader except Asquii
would have little difficulty in obtainir
the premiership at this time, as Lloj
George is decidedly weak politicall
whatever may be his strength outsic
the House of Commons.
Minister Roberts, of the War Cat
ftet, in a speech to-day gave a hint
the possible government step when 1
?aid the Cabinet was tired of the sni
?ng tactics of the opposition, and tl
time had come perhaps when the cou
try ought to decide whether it wou
nave another government. That wou
indicate the government might appe
to the electorate.
The ministerial press has rushed
the defence of Lloyd George, ?hargi
that Asquith was using the Mauri
letter as a political weapon to tu
th? government out. Another li
taken is to emphasize the gravity
to? military situation, wherefore m
t*k?s must be overlooked temporari
Some newspapers which have loya
supported Lloyd George since he 1
fame Premier address him sharp
notably "The Times" and "The Da
Under military Taw General Maur
>* forbidden to communicate the fa<
on which his letter is based to a Me
?er of Parliament. However, the <
Pontnts of the government have enou
jniormation with which to quiz Llo
George and Donar Law intelligent
*?m? members plan to raise a whi
Continued on Page 5, Column 2
The Rape of Rumania
Simultaneously with the sign?
ing of the peace treaty between
Rumania and the Central Powers
a summary of the text of the doc?
ument has been issued.
The treaty consists of eight
clauses, under one or the* other of
which Rumania is stripped of
both the upper and loiver Do
brudja as well as a strip of ter?
ritory running along the moun?
tainous Austrian frontier.
Perhaps the most humiliating
clauses of the treaty compel Ru?
mania to support a Teuton army
of occupation in the conquered,
portions of the country, to reduce
her army to a negligible force
under Teuton control, and to per?
mit Teuton warships along the
whole length of the Danube denvn
to the Black Sea.
Economic relations between
Rumania and her conquerors are
to be regulated in separate
^ The summarized text of the
treaty is on Page 4.
Of Murder, Freed
Whitman Convinced Man
Once Near Death Chair
Did Not Slay Couple
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
ALBANY, May 8.?-Charles F. Stie?
low, now in Sing Sing prison on a life
sentence for murder in the first de?
gree, and Nelson I. Green, in Auburn
prison, serving twenty years for mur
dec in the second degree, will be given
their freedom within the next few
days, Governor Whitman announced
j to-nig'ht. They were accused in one
; of the most perplexing murder cases
? that ever baffled the authorities.
After the case had been carried to
I the Court of Appeals and there had j
: been several respites from the death
j chair for Stielow, the Governor or?
dered an investigation by former Dis
! trict Attorney George H. Bond, of
1 Syracuse, who reported to-day that
| neither Stielow nor Green knew any
| thing about the murder for which they
The Governor then announced that,
there being no provision of law under
which a new trial can be held, he had
come to the conclusion that it was his
duty to commute their sentences and
! permit their discharge.
Green Pleaded Guilty
Stielow was convicted of the murder
! of Charles B. Phelps and his house
I keeper, Margaret Wolcott, at their
| farmhouse at West Shelby, Orleans
I County, on the night of March 21,1915.
; The motive was robbery and Green
i was supposed to he an accessory. The
latter, it is alleged, on the advice of
1 counsel, pleaded guilty to murder in i
! the second degree in order to save his ?
j life. Stielow's conviction was af
firmed by the Court of Appeals. The
Governor granted several respites from
the death chair on the application of
! counsel and a number of persons in
? terestcd in the case.
Shortly before the date set for the
execution of Stielow Erwin King con
: fessed that the murder had been com?
mitted by him and Clarence O'Connell,
j now serving a sentence at Auburn for
; p, murderous assault. Later . King re
1 pudiated the confession. In his report
: to Attorney General Lewis Special Dep
I uty Attorney General Boyd, after ex
I pressing his belief in the innocence of
Stielow and Green, said:
"On the other hand, ? am strongly
convinced and give it as my deliberate
opinion that the three bullets fired
into the body of Phelps, and the bullet
tired into the heart of Margaret Wol?
cott were fired by Clarence F. O'Con?
nell, and that. Erwin King was with
him at the time and aided him in the
commission of the murder."
Stielow's Sentence Commuted.
Governor Whitman commuted Stie?
low's sentence to life imprisonment in
December, 1016, saying at that time
that no other criminal case where
clemency had been asked had perplexed
and distressed him as this one. The
Governor said that he then believed
? Stielow guilty, but that, because of
the details and circumstances in the
King confession, "as vet unexplained
and to me unaccountable, I could not
escape the conviction that there was a
possibility that the defendant was not
The Governor said he did not be?
lieve any court would have convicted
Stielow with the King confession be?
fore it, even though it had been repu?
diated. King, after his confession, was
induced to come to'Albany, where the
Governor questioned him.
"He denied his guilt," said Governor
Whitman, "but his conduct and an?
swers to my questions indicated a
guilty knowledge of the murder and
1 ordered a thorough investigation."
Mr. Bond reported that, as a result
of his investigation, King last Decem
! ber was arraigned on the chaige of the
| murder and expressed the desire to
I plead guilty, instead, the 'judge ordered
j the case before the grand jury, but
tho jury failed to casi enough votes
Continued on Page 1, Column 2
In Austria to
Large Concentrations Made
in All Southern Slav
Reported in Navy
Burgomasters of Austrian
Cities Declare Food Sit?
WASHINGTON, May 8.?Austria is
concentrating troops in disaffected
parts of the empire to suppress revo?
lution, according to an official French
telegram from Zurich to-day. The
dispatch also says that the food situa?
tion in the Dual Monarchy is extereme
Serious disturbances in the Austro
Hungarian fleet have caused changes in
the high command, another dispatch
from Switzerland said. The crews,
composed largely of Slavs and men of
Italian descent, have made a great deal
of trouble, and the disturbances wero
put down with difficulty. ?
The first telegram read:
"News received in Switzerland con?
cerning the situation in Austria shows
it is more serious than ever. Rumors
of riots and revolutionary disturbances
are circulating in circles that are in
close relation with the authorities of
the Dual Monarchy.
"The government, in a semi-official
report, makes a denial of all this in?
formation, adding that the country is
quite calm- and that it is false to pre?
tend that special measures have been
taken to smother any revolutionary
"However, a Vienna dispatch shows
clearly that the agitation is real. It
says: 'The government has just pub?
lished a manifesto which justifies its
attitude. Syiva, Taruca, Horbaczewski,
Zolger, members of the Cabinet, have
resigned. These resignations have
been accepted. Extraordinary measures
have just been taken. Von Seydler is
preparing a master stroke. We do not
know whether he will succeed in re?
storing calm permanently, for that de?
pends upon the understanding he will
be able to reach with the Poles, in
company with whom the Germans then
could tranquilly await the develop?
ment of events.'
"It has been proved, and all the de?
nials of the Viennese government can?
not alter this fact, that concentrations
Continued on Page 5, Column 7
New Yorker Put in Charge
of Production of All
U. S. Ordnance
Programme Is Far
Behind Its Schedule
Vast New Industry Must Be
Created to Meet Increased
Needs of the Army
By C. W. Gilbert
WASHINGTON, May 8.?The Admin?
istration is following the same plan
with regard to big guns and shells as
it is with regard to ?hips and air?
planes. A big executive from the busi?
ness world is in charge of production
In this case he is Edward R. Stettinius
The production of guns and shells
has been almost in as bad a way a?
the production of airplanes. The evils
of Crozieri?m have not been outlived
The various reorganizations of th<
ordnance department, in which Genera
Wheeler succeeded General Crozier an<
General Williams succeeded Genera
Wheeler, have left it still the saim
thing, a military technical bureau, try
ing to create an industry. It is as i
the drafting room of Mr. Schwab'
plant were trying to manage the Beth
lehem Steel Company. The parallel i;
not wide of the mark. The ordnanc
department is the military draftinj
room of the government, and a par
ticularly technical, fussy and unbusi
nesslike drafting room at that.
It's a Man's Size Job
Under the new plan it is the drafi
ing room pure and simple. Mr. Stel
, tinius, who- retains his position o
Assistant Secretary of War, takes th
plans and specificatiois that come froi
the drafting room, builds factor?as th?
will make the guns thus planned an
then organizes and drives production.
This is a man's size job, because nc
only is the whole gun programme an
shell programme adopted last year run
ning behind, but appropriations ai
being asked from Congress of seven
billion dollars for a greatly enhance
artillery programme. Thus we are jui
entering upon a vastly enlarged arti
Continued on next page, Column '
Both Light and Heavy
Types Delivered in
Quantity, He Says
Every Soldier Sent
Abroad Fully Armed
Brigading of Americans
With Allies Solves Ar?
WASHINGTON, May 8.?More
j than half a million American soldiers
have been sent to France. Secretary
Baker to-day authorized the state?
ment that his forecast to Congress
in January that 500,000 troops would
be dispatched to France early in the
present year now had been surpassed.
Mr. Baker dictated the following
"In January I told the Senate
committee that there was strong
likelihood that early in the present
year 500,000 American troops
would be dispatched to France. I
cannot either now or perhaps later
discuss the number of American
troops in France, but I am glad to
be able to say that the forecast I
made in January has been sur?
No Machine Gun Shortage
As a result of a personal investi?
gation of machine gun production
during the last few days, the Secre?
tary announced that there was no
present shortage of light or heavy
types of these weapons cither in
France or America, and no shortage
was in prospect.
Mr. Baker said there had been no
question as to the supplies of light
type Browning guns, which were
coming forward in quantities. He
would not say whether shipment of
these guns to France had been
started. As to the heavy Brownings,
he said :
"Early manufacturers' estimates
Continued on next page, Column 5
AT THE TURNING OF THE WAYS
Spy in Pershing's Army Trapped
(/<?/ The Associated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, May 8.?The
first German-American to be caught spying on the Americans is
Behind the characterization of traitor to his country, contained
in the report of his arrest, is the story that he aided a German pris?
oner to escape.
Both men donned American officers' uniforms and entered the
line from the rear in the late afternoon. They said they were
studying the ground between the lines with a view to using tanks
and asked to be allowed to cross the lines.
The officer to whom they made the request soon discovered
the ruse and ordered them escorted to the rear. There it was found
that one of the men was a German and that the German-American
was his accomplice.
U. S. Force in
Letter of Teuton Tells of
Suffering in Shell-Swept
(By The Associated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, May 8.?Except for artillery
firing and patrolling there is little new
Every day the Americans become
stronger. Apparently they are better
entrenched than the Germans, who are
being continually harassed, day and
night. Despite the enemy's heavy ex?
penditure in gas he has obtained no
advantage in this sector, the Americans
discounting his every move.
The weather has been unsettled for
several days, preventing much infantry
j activity. There have been some aerial
| encounters. One of the American pa?
trols last night encountered an enemy
working party. They shot the sentinel
and rushed the enemy, but later re?
tired, owing to the superiority in num?
bers the Germans had over them.
A letter, freshly written, feund on
the body of a German killed by the
Americans in Picardy discloses the "ef?
fectiveness of the American fire against
the enemy and the difficulties the Ger?
mans are having in bringing up sup
plies. The letter follows:
"Here we lie in a village which has
been completely demolished by artillery
fire. The village is near Montdidier.
"We dare not show ourselves. We
live in the cellar. We have to go and
get our food at night. Last night I
went out with a detail which brought
"We got a direct hit. A shell hit
our party, which killed some men and
wounded several. I hope we will soon
be taken from the western army."
Premier Clemenceau visited the
Americans Sunday afternoon and con?
gratulated them on the fine showing
they have already made. He expressed
particular pleasure at the harmonious
manner in which the French and
Americans are working together. The
Premier inspected the billets and
kitchens and talked with officers and
Americans Fire One
Shot, Then Attack
Foe With Knives
(By The, Associated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN FORCES
ON THE FRENCH FRONT, May 7.?
The official French report of the patrol
action' in which American troops in
the Lorraine sector of the battiefront
carried out a brilliant little operation
on May 5 in the vicinity of the hamlet
of Amservillers shows the wonderfully
enterprising spirit of the American
The report says the Americans,
whose activity never relaxes and
whose audacity is remarkable, wanted
to see what the Germans opposite
them were doing. At 3 o'clock in the
morning of May 5, without artillery
preparation, three American patrols
left the village of Anservillers, which
is in the Entente Allied lines.
Two of the patrols took a position
on the right and left flank, while the
third, composed of eight men under
command of Lieutenant Cassidy, ex?
ecuted a clever turning movement and
entered Anservillers hamlet from the
rear and fell upon the German ad?
The patrol fired only one shot, and
then attacked the Germans with trench
knives. A fierce struggle ensued, the
Germans using the butts of their rifles
against the American knives. The
fight ended with the death of two Ger?
mans and the wounding of their cor?
poral, who with three men was
brought back to the American lines.
There were no casualties among the
American Big Guns
Fired First Time
In Toul Sector
(By The Associated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, May 8.?American heavy ar?
tillery was fired to-day for the first
time in the sector northwest of Toul.
After several weeks spent in prepara?
tion the American artillerists, having
picked out targets in the rear of Mont
sec, reported that they were ready to
open fire a couple of days ago. But
for reasons not disclosed the guns were
not fired until to-day.
About forty big shells were sent over
Montsec at the heavy German batteries,
composed of 203's captured from the
Russians, which had been firing for
some time, especially at the American
To Beware of
Menaced With Frightful
ness'if They Enter War
WASHINGTON, May 8. ? Teutonic
frightfulness as practised in France
and Belgium has been made the sub?
ject of a German warning to neutral
nations of the fate which they may
expect if they take up arms against the
Central Powers. i
"If there are any still thinking of
siding with the Allies, let them take
warning from the fate of others," says
the warning. It is in the form of a
circular, which recites the amount of
booty seized in France and Belgium,
the number of churches damaged and
destroyed, the money wrung from the
stricken inhabitants and, finally, the de?
liberate mistreatment of English pris?
oners of war.
German propagandists have flooded
Spain with this document printed in
Spanish, and copies have come into
the possesson of the State Depart?
Having established its German origin,
the department to-night made public
"Besides an untold amount of war
material captured on the battlefield,
the Germans have taken possession of
incalculable booty in France and Bel?
"High grade watches, 417.
"Average watches, 5,016.
"Embroideries and women's hand?
"Umbrellas and parasols, 3,705.
"Silver spoons, 1,876.
"Bottles of champagne, 523,000.
"These figures show a large increase
over those of the campaign against
France in 1870-'71.
"In Belgium, besides many art treas?
ures, they have confiscated old paint?
ings valued at 3,000,000 pesetas.
"Due to the treachery of Cardinal
Mercier and other priests, who did
their utmost to stir the priests against
the good-hearted German soldiers, they
were forced to teach a severe lesson
to the Belgian and French Catholics.
"Cathedrals destroyed, 4.
"Rendered unserviceable, 8.
"Churches destroyed, 27.
"Rendered unserviceable, 34.
Destruction in Poland
"In Poland also a large number of
churches have been destroyed for mili?
tary reasons. The figures concerning j
these have not yet been published.
"As as result of the stupid stubborn
ness of the Belgian people in continu
ing the struggle after their bloody and ?
final defeat on the battlefield the Ger- i
man officers were forced against their |
will to impose punishments on many
rich individuals and wealthy cities.
This has contributed the following
amounts to the German Treasury:
"Punishments, 87,000,000 pesetas.
"Security, 13,000,500 pesetas.
"Reprisals, 15,750,000 pesetas.
"Forced contributions, 4,320,860 pe?
"Total, 120,071,350 pesetas ($24,014,
Says Colonies Will Be Returned
In connection with claims of the ex?
tent of territory occupied by German j
troops the following footnote appears: :
"When it is held that the Germans ;
have occupied no English territory and
that, on the contrary, they have lost j
all their African colonies, amounting
to some 3,000,000 square kilometres, it :
must be remembered that the English,
according to the declaration of their j
ministers, are not intending to secure ;
any extension of the British Empire, !
that they have entered the struggle
with only the. aim of helping the Bel- j
gians. That is to say, the English have !
practically pledged themselves to re- ?
turn the German colonies after the war j
in exchange for the evacuation and in?
demnification of Belgium. The Ger- ?
mans, therefore, are to recover all that
they have lost in Africa."
It is claimed in this document that
more than 50,000 British have been j
made prisoners, and in this connection
the following statement is made:
"Although to these figures the Eng- :
lish oppose 124,806 German prisoners !
taken by them on the western front, it
must be remembered the" English treat
their prisoners with notable kindness
(blandura notoria), while- the r?gime
imposed on the English prisoners by
the German? is one of extreme rigor,
so that the Germans, with a small .
number of prisoners, have secured a
much superior moral effect. Besides,
to the 2,264 officers and 51,325
soldiers, must be added the several
thousand English prisoners that have
died in consequence of disease, scanty
food and "other accidents in German i
The figures regarding British pris- '
oners, it is explained, refer to the
total prior to the recent drive m j
Picardy and Flanders.
Australian Forces Gain
Ground at Two
On Entire Front
Berlin Newspaper Re?
ports Americans Are
Striking heavily in Flanders after a
forced idleness of nine days, the
Germans yesterday launched an
attack on a four-mile front south?
east of Ypres which may be the
beginning of another great drive
in the north. South of La Clytfce
the French made slight gains.
; Meanwhile there has been an in?
crease in the pounding of the ar?
tillery along the front before
Amiens, where most observers ex?
pect the main German blow to fail.
After a terrific bombardment in
Flanders the German infantry at?
tacked the French and British
lines between Voormezeele and La
Clytte. In the centre the Germans
drove into the Allied first
line east of Dickebusch Lake and
captured part of the Ridge Wood.
But the assault was repulsed else?
where along the line.
Bright weather favored the attack.
The Allied troops succeeded in
holding Vierstraat and the major
part of the Ridge Wood, and, at
? latest reports, were fighting des?
perately to prevent any further
This is perhaps the beginning of an?
other German attempt to break
through to the railway from Pop
eringhe to Ypres and force the Al?
lies to evacuate their salient.
Australian troops drove into the
German lines on two fronts Tues?
day night on the front between the
Somme and Ancre rivers. Near
Sailly-le-Sec they gained 500
yards on a 600-yard front and
west of Morlancourt they ad?
vanced 300 yards on a front of 500
Premier Orlando, returning from
France, found the Allied militarj
convinced that the German ad?
vance has been stopped. Mean?
while Allied unity has become
more complete, and the Alli?e
armies stand behind a single fror.t
from the North Sea to the Adri?
Secretary of War Baker announcer
yesterday that more than half i
million American troops are no?
in France and that full equipmen
of every sort is assured for al
United States forces abroad.
American troops nave appeared or
the Italian front, according to re
ports in the German newspapers
This is the first word of America?
troops on the southwestern front
New German Smash
At Allied Defences
By Arthur S. Draper
(Special Cable to The Tribune)
LONDON, May 8.?A great Ger
man smash at the Allied defence
seems imminent. South of Yprtf
on the upper half of the northen
battlefront, von Arnim flung in i
division or so on a four-mue fron
to-day. A bright* sun, a cloudles
sky, and a rising barometer sup
plied superb weather condition?
and the Germans, against stroii.;
resistance, managed to force thei
way into the Allies' first position
?at least along the centre.
Every sign points to a resum?;
tion of major operations. The quei
tion is whether there will be sima
taneous attacks before Ypres an
on the Somme or only a single driv?
Most observers look for a powerfi
thrust south of Arras in the air?
tion of Doulena, though thare wool