Newspaper Page Text
Take "Kick" Out of Whiskey, Says
Chemist, to End Alcohol Problem
Distilled Liquor Could Be
Made Harmless, Asserts
A. de Focatiis
Is in "By-Products'*
Brooklyn Dealer Warns That
Prohibition Will Cause
*\*ow cornea a distiller of seven?
teen years' experience in the United
States with a proposal to take the
"kick" out of whiskey and to make
it as harmless for moderate con?
sumption as beer and wine. A life?
time spent in the alcohol industry
has taught A. de Focatiis, "engineer,
chemist and expert in alcohol manu?
facture" that most distilled bever?
ages now on the market, especially
the so-called "sour mash" whiskeys,
arc the greatest danger to the hu?
"They have no reason to exist as
beverage?," he declares. "Their in- i
sidious and baneful nature create !
an ever-increasing thirst and quick
But for the men who have fallen j
victim to the habit he proposes a I
"fractional redistillation process,"
which removes from whiskey all its
harmful effects, while retaining its
beneficial properties. Used moder?
ately, it is harmless and even bene?
ficial, he contends. Five times the
quantity of the new liquor must be
consumed to produce the intoxica?
tion of the commercial whiskey now
in the market.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: For the solution of the alcohol
problem in this country the main vital
step is the removal of the so-called
"by-products" found in certain kinds
of distilled liquors, whether domestic
or imported. These by-products are
the direct cause of intemperance and
Scientists have already fully estab?
lished that ethyl is the only alcohol
which exists pure in its nature, and
it only may be allowed in beverages,
because when moderately used it is
harmless and sometimes beneficial.
Other alcohols and volatile substances,
generally called by-products or sec?
ondary product* of fermentation, are
in the human organism entirely of dif?
ferent effect from ethyl, being in their
nttere injurious and poisonous, affect?
ing greatly the brain, blood and ner?
It is settled that by-products are of
high intoxicating power and of the
utmost deleterious and insidious char?
acter. They, in distilled liquors, create
an irresistible und insatiable craving
and facile inebriety, which generate in?
temperance and a large extent of well
known alcoholic diseases?for instance,
dipsomania, which leads very fre?
quently to criminality, pauperism and
other evils mainly due to the effect
of the by-products.
Therefore, if a distilled liquor con?
tains only ethyl its alcoholic strenigth
is scientifically pure and fit, but if it
contains both ethyl and by-products it
is an impure and unfit beverage. Thus,
science has absolutely prohibited by?
products in distilled liquors, being not
only not of any b?n?ficiai effect, hut,
on the contrary, harmful even if .mod?
To-day it is an axiomatic scientific
truth that to eradicate alcoholism by?
products must be eliminated, first of
all, from distilled beverages. In fact,
by-products are fdund in the habit
forming liquors; hence they arc the
cause of habit. Consequently, it fol?
lows that if by-products are eliminated
the habit-forming cause is destroyed.
Raw materials producing these
liquors contain in their nature ethyl
By the simple distilling process with
which this kind of beverages are gen?
erally made the elimination of the by?
products is absolutely impossible.
Moreover, such liquors are scientif?
ically unfit when viciously fermented.
The discoveries of eminent scientists
of different nationalities, including
those of the great Pasteur, have es?
tablished that to make from a raw
material a large percentage of ethyl
and a minimum of by-products, fer?
mentation must be conducted under
rigorous hygienical conditions, with
Pure and selected yeas't, technically
called "saccaromyces," wh'ch are mi-:
?roscopical monocellular plant organ?
isms, but if fermentation is viciously
or impurely made, by-products are pro?
duced in a larger quantity, to the great
?triment of ethyl, which has propor?
tionately less percentage.
A technical analysis discloses if a
substance is purely or impurely fer?
mented. However, whether or not fer?
mentation will be scientifically pure,
the fermentative sugar of the raw ma?
terial, by the action of the "saccha
fomyecs," is transformed or uncoupled
fa two principal elements; namely,
anhydrid carbonic and alcohol. Anhydrid
wbonic for its gaseous nature goes in
'be atmosphere. Alcohol, which is a
compound of ethyl and by-products, re?
mains naturally mixed in the ferment?
As soon as fermentation ends the
'"?ext process is distillation, which can
only separate, but, bound together,
"''?hyl and by-products, form tho fer?
This liquid, technically called "raw
alcohol" or "crudo alcohol," is dis
'>Hcd at the average of 110 to 140 and
^presents a mass of poisonous im
Purity, in which are naturally mixed
ctbyl and by-products.
Habit-forming liquors, in fact, are
nothing more than raw alcohol, and
they are scientifically unfit, espe?
cially when containing a large per?
centage of by-products generated by
The "aging in barrels" is a process
added to the simple distillation pro?
ducing this kind of beverages, to ob
?terate in some degree a certain raw
n**e of flavor and smell, which are
waracteriatic of th?a "raw alcohol,"
and to give them a taste more or less
smooth, but if analyzed they will be
r*??nd to contain both by-product? and
?esidea establishing how and why
** fermentation roust be made under
rjfo**ously healthful conditions, aa
?**>*? expressed, the great scientific re
?J****<?h'W point out how "by-products'*
f_?t b# eliminated from ethyl eon
*??* in raw alcohol.
fractional redistillation is the only
process obtaining this elimination.
Natural laws, which are unaccount?
able but nevertheless absolute and in?
violable, must be observed and obeyed.
Elements composing raw alcohol
have their own boiling points, all dif?
fering from one another.
That of pure ethyl alcohol, repre?
senting the main product, is at 172.4
degrees Fahr., while, for instance, the
lulling point of amyl alcohol, otherwise
named "fusel oil," is at 269.(5 degrees
Fahr.; of "fnrfor oil" at 321.8 degrees
Fahr. The latter two both belong to
the class of by-products which are the
worst enemies of mankind.
Fractional redistillation, which is a
mechanical process, gradually raises
the temperature of raw alcohol, and
in the ascending heating course, ns
soon as each nlcohol and other volatile
substances contained, reach their own
boilinp? points they escape from the
mass one after the other ?is vapor and
condense as liquid.
Only with thi? process, under proper
guidance, ethyl alcohol, at the strength
of 190 proof and upward, is easily
separated and segregate?! from the
by-product?, which, by ?eason of their
poisonous nature, contaminate it if
Therefore, in order to make scien?
tifically lit those liquors produced by
simple distillation, they must rigor?
ously be submitted to the subsequent
fractional redist illation, by which the\
are separuted from the by-products
leaving only ethyl us their pure aleo
holic strength, diluted to the desirec
On the other hand, by-products, run?
ning in ;?n appropriate, "cistern room,'
should be used exclusively as do
r.ntured alcohol, adding donaturinf
substances to render them practically
unlit for human consumption. De
nature?! alcohol, as is well known, ha!
unlimited and remunerative market:
for ammunition in general, heating
and for many other manufactures it
the industrial field.
My book, entitled "The Main Sourct
of Alcoholism in the United States ant
Suggested Remedial Legislation," seien
tifically discloses how and wherein tin
evil resides and points out its remedy
In the most simple and practical \va?
it suggests Federal or state legislntioi
to prevent the use of the harmful by
products in certain kinds of beverage:
so noxiously produced.
The alcohol problem has never be
fore been considered here from thi
scientific viewpoint, but especially ii
this great psycnological moment i
should be discussed by the last won
of science, supported by the indisputa
ble facts above referred to.
France and Russia have abolishe
absinthe and vodka, respectively; bu
the United States, and even Englanc
?should banish forever the poisonou
by-products in distilled liquors.
By-products represent the most po\%
erful enemy and the greatest danger o
the human race. They have no reaso
to exist as beverages. Their insidiou
and baneful nature creates an ever ir
creasing thirst and quick intoxicatioi
They are the cause of habit-generatin
intemperance and consequent alcoho
On the other hand, allowing exclt
sively those distilled liquors the alc<
holic strength of which is puro, suc
fermented beverages as beer and wir
could be permitted, for their mod?r?t
use is scientifically admitted to t
harmless and frequently beneficia
possessing, together with ethyl, oth<
substances undoubtedly healthful an
nutritious. A. DR FOCATIIS.
The Rev. Merle-Smith submits tl
following figures on insanity in pr
hibition Kansas and "wet" Ne
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: May I correct an inaccuracy
a statement made recently as to 'tl
percentage of insane in New York ai
Kansas? In 1910 Kansas had 172.2 i
sane per 100,000 of population ai
New York 343.2. Hence, New Yorl
insane were approximately 200 p
cent of Kansas.
When you consider that, accordi
to many alienists, farm life with
hard work and loneliness, is one
the mos't powerful of the predisposi
causes of insanity, those statist
speak well for prohibition.
No. 520 Park Ave., New York City.
For a Solution
The following impartial discussi
of liquor attempts to sum up i
arguments on both sides and to fi
a solution in compromise:
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Up to the present time the p
hibition controversy has been condu
ed exclusively with ?hillelahs. E:
side has seemed bent on clubbing
opponent out of existence. But
der such blows each opponent
gained strength. They now face c
other better organized, richer, m
determined than ever.
I fear the respective partisans h
sought the annihilation of their
ponents rather than the truth,
searcher for the truth will sincei
seek to evaluate the weight of the
gumentK on both sides. And even v
partisanship, 1 think, will show
same desire. . .
Both parties to the prohibition <
troversy, I venture to say, have
the confidence of thousands of poJ
tial adherents because of their 1
terical unwillingness even to loo?
the opposing arguments.
I do not remember ever to have s
an ex-parte statement on the sub
of prohibition which discussed
claims of the other side with evi<
fairness. Rarely, indeed, except
some such impartial poll as The T
une is now making, are the two
ot arguments made to confront <
Perhaps, with an impartial sei
for the truth that may be on 1
sides, some light might break on
subject. May I attempt, as an exr
ment, a brief summary of these
posing arguments? They are old
familiar, but perhaps there is a
tain quaint novelty to be fount
their nestling cosily together.
The prohibitionist'.-) case rests,
baps, upon four types of data:
1. The Urge quantity of crime,
crty and venereal disease dir<
traceable to intoxication.
2. The physical degeneration of
individual and of the race resul
from the excessive and possibly
from the moderate use of alcoho
3. The economic waste involve?
diverting: great quantities of food
money to the manufacture and
chase of alcoholic beverages.
4. Th? evil influence which or
ized liquor interests have too <
exerted in the fostering of proa
tion and political corruption.
The argumenta flowing from
data have never, I believe, been
cessfully controverted. Merely to ,
them i* to set up a ?tronc presum?
in favor of prohibition.
Briefly, the antUprohibitionist
1. All democratic societies
upon the right of the individual to
control his own actions and his re?
sponsibility for the proper exercise
of that right.
2. There is a real danger, cumulative
in its evil effects upon society, in tak?
ing the individual's ethicul responsi?
bility out of his own keeping.
8'. Alcohol performs, and throughout
all recorded history has performed, a
valuable service in consoling men's
spirits and tiding them over periods
of mental and physical exhaustion.
?1. To deprive millions of men of
their pet; pleasure against their wills
would result in widespread vague re?
sentment, a fertile field for specific
and mischievous resentments, whiel
is peculiarly undesirable in our na
tional life at this time.
These latter arguments must incvi
tably sound vague, but they have f
peculiar force to the serious studeiv
of social relations. .Most candid read
ors, I believe, will acknowledge th?
force of both sets of arguments.
Is there not some workable com
promise to he found which will in gen
erous measure meet the demands o
Compromise is not a splitting of th?
difference. It does not mean dividinj
up the disputed baby between the t\y.
claimants. It is not a division but :
solvent. It is not a mathematical bu
a chemical process. It does not see
to give each claimant half of what, h
wants, but both claimants as much a
possible what both want.
The will to compromise searches fo
some, solvent which will alter th
term? of the controversy in such
way as to'pive to eacji party more tha
50 per cent of what it wants.
With some of our prejudice ngaint
compromise and our misunderstandin
of it out of the way, we shall. I thin!
be abl?; to evolve some sane and worl
able solution (o the whole vexed quei
Why Quarrel Over
Drink and Drinkers >
What L. 13. LaVake had to sa
in The Tribune of May ?) about thos
who drink brings the followin
reply from E. A. Moffett, of E
Clark Street, Brooklyn :
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: According to T.. B. LaVake
contribution to your symposium <
prohibition the taking of but a sing
drink of beer or v.inr, much less
whiskey, begins the moral let-down,
may b<^ slight, he says, but it is thei
He' adds that the partaker's mor
sense becomes perverted: "his care f
his neighbor ar.d for right is blunt?
He now sees only his own purpose ai
with little scruple as to the wrong
injury he may do to others, pursu
hin object relentlessly if only he c,
play safe for himself." And then i>r
ceeds to characterize the presence
those who use intoxicants as "u
pleasant, ofte-n insulting nnd dang?
ous" to non-users, making no distir
tion whatever as between the modem
drinker and the drunkard.
How his heart must bleed for o
brave boys in the tronches who, h
gaded with the troops of the Alii
are obliged to eat, drink, sleep a
fight with men whose daily rations
elude beer, wine or rum. What wov
thoso other fighters think, drinkers
home as well as in the field, ns wt
their fathers before them, if as us?
of alcoholic beverages they were
hear themselves spoken of in such V
What must, our own fighters thi
of us here at home quarrelling amc
ourselves over prohibition and otl
matters having no necessary relati
to the war, while they and their drii
ing comrades of other flags are ri
ing their lives to preserve the lib
ties of the Allied peoples? Douhtl
if they could express their opinion
us, they would remind us tlfyit ?
liberties had for the first three ye
of the war been in the keeping o?- f
drinking Britishers, boor-drinking F
gians, and wine-drinking Frenchm
All of which doubtless shocks our p
hibitionistr., who seem incapable
understanding that men who <iri
however moderately, can be effici?
unselfish, brave and honorable.
E. A. MOFFET1
A Word for Wine
From One Near Eighty
Any one who has passed li:
meridian will find that wines "?
make his heart beat stronger ;
warm his swelling veins to rene^
action and stimulate his brain
deeds of kindness," a veteran s
gests in the following letter :
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Having known the good qiu
of wines for nearly half a centui
heartily indorse the letter of II
Dewey in The Tribune. Those
us who have known the caf?s
gardens of Dresden and Paris,
their good light wines and wholes
"beers, appreciate what useful
pleasant gathering places they wen
whole families. And we feel Mr. 1)<
is right when ho. advocates reguls
rather than prohibition "in the ii
est of true temperance." Althoui
am Hearing my eightieth milestoi
am no bone-dry prohibitionist, b
firm believer in the value of the y
ucts of viticulture. Let uny who
passed life's meridian make a trh
wholesome wines and he will find
will make his heart beat stronger
warm his swelling veins to renewe?
tion and stimulate his brain to tl
of kindness. Our hurried and v
overcrowded life in New York con
at times of overwork and stress
use of a useful stimulant and ton
calm the. vexed nerves of our ceas
toilers and tide them over their
quent hours of heart and soul fa
and restlessness. J. C. PUMPELI
Duke of Northumberla
LONDON, May 16. ? Henry G.
Percy, seventh Duke of Northumbei
died last night at Alnwick C
Northumberland, in his seventy?s?
Tho Duke of Northumberland
ceeded to the title in 1890. From
to 1885 he was a Conservative me
of the House of Commons for N
umberlnnd and became a member (
House of Lords in 1887. In 1911 h
accorded the honor of being appc
by King George to serve as Lord
Steward of England at the coror
of the King. He was a trustee c
British Museum and a former prei
of the Archtcological Institute. Hi
is his eldest surviving son, Earl 1
who formerly was an aid to the C
nor General of Canada.
Justice Hoyt to Wed 5*tu
The marriage of Miss Maud
Borland and Franklin Chase Hoyl
siding justice of the Children's
will take place on Saturday, Ji
in Zion Church, Wappinger s
N Y. The ceremony will be fol
by a reception at the bride s c?
place at New Hamburg. Lieu
John Borland, U. S. N?, statior
Newport, R. I., will give his sister
and Miss Evelyn Rives Smith, da;
of Mr. and Mrs. Walker B. Smit
bo the bride's maid of honor an?
attendant. Edwin C Hoyt will
Grant Mitchell and the
Quality of Authority
By Heywood Broun
Anybody who is in doubt as to the
meaning of the rather overworked
"authority" in reference to acting
might well observe Grant Mitchell in
"A Tailor-Made .Man." Authority mav
exist, in conjunction with charm, but
it is ?liftinct. It is the quality of
seeming importnnt, and many plays
have been wrecked for lack of it. We
remember an interesting play which
the ProvlncetoWn Players gave recent?
ly, in which Pericles was the her??. The
part was well drawn and the actor
who played it intelligent, hut he was
spotlessly pure of authority. His read?
ing was generally correct, and yet it
Was impossible for a moment to ac?
cept him an Pericles simply because
lie did not suggest greatness.
Now in "A Tailor-Made Man" Mitch?
ell is tailed upon to play the part of
an assistant in a shop who borrows a
dress suit which has been sent in for
pressing. By virtue of the borrowed
garments lu> gains admission to a
fashionable reception an?! secures the
favor of a financial kin?:. In a subse?
quent net we lind th?; young tailor's
assistant making successful love to an
heiress, running the publicity of a
huge corporation and settling an im?
pending strike. In some phases of this
activity the playwright gave the actor
decisive support, but other scenes are
carried largely by the absolute con?
fidence and assurance of the actor.
It isn't enough for the playwright
to tell his audience that a certain per?
son is a man of remarkable power. The
character may be allowed to convince
every associate on the stage of his
greatness. He may thwart schemes
and upset conspiracies; he may make
lions jump through hopps, but all this
will avail him nothing if he cannot
make the audience jump, too. Grant
Mitchell does. It is entirely possible
that other actors could have brought
this particular play to success. It hus
much in it t'.iat is fresh and original,
and the old tricks which it employs are
used at the proper moments, and yet
we would not like to have the task of
finding Mr. Mitchell's substitute or
substitutes for his particular role.
"A Tailor-Made Man" is one of the
l>ig successes of the season and it earns
its popularity in spite of occasional
lapses into claptrap. Yet the. play illus?
trates once more the almost universal
inability of American playwrights* to
devise comedy without recourse now
and again to farce. In some plays the
farce interludes may be more valuable
than the originally premeditated form,
but this is not the* case with "A Tailor
Made Man." It is far better comedy
than farce. The author was fortunate,
in slipping into farce at the moments
when it would do him least, harm. The
weakest portions come immediately
after the best bits. After an audience
has had enough first-class lines and
situations it will laugh at second-class
ones. In other words, momentum will
cover many a lapse, and "A Tailor
Made Man" has pace in plenty.
The Grand Guignol in Paris special?
izes in horrors, but one night a few
weeks ago it gained an effect far be?
yond its previous records. In fact, this
particular thrill was just a bit too
strong for the jcomfort of the audience.
The piece was a dramatization of "The
Fall of the House of Usher," and it
Was well on toward the moment when
the corpse comes back.
"Hark," said the man who held the
stage, "what is that terrifying sound?"
And at that precise moment the long
drawn wail of the air raid siren
sounded from an engine just outside
the theatre. The actors finished "The
Fall of the House of Usher," green
lights and shrouded figure and all, but
then the company decided to cull it an
evening. They felt that finishing up a
bill of horrors on that particular
evening would be no great service to
the preservation of morale.
One reason why we mourn the de?
cline in the number of films about
cowboys is that the ipictures which re?
place the wild west' ones usually con?
tain a scene in which the young per?
son who has married for money say3
"Good-night" at the foot of the stairs
only to meet the responso from her
husband, "I'll suy good-night to you
later." And then the lady shudders.
An interesting fact disclosed by "The
Kiss Burglar" is that foreign ladies of
rank go to bed in ball costumes or at?
tend dances in pajamas. We could not
decide which was correct when Miss
Fay Bainter entered her boudoir, took
off an evening wrap and went to bed.
We are waiting to get an official rul?
ing on the status of dramatic critics
during the summer months under the
Annual Zoo Garden Party
Will Be Held This Afternoon
The Ladies' Auxiliary of the New York
Zoological Society will hold its annual
garden party from 3 to 6 o'clock this
afternoon at the New York Zoological
Park. Tea will be served in the Admin?
Among.the members of the auxiliary
are Mrs. Henry Fairlield Osborn, Mrs.
William B. Osgood Field, Mrs. Stephen
H. Olin, Miss Anne Morgan, Mrs. J.
Borden Haniman, Mrs. William G.
Rockefeller, jr., Mrs. Richard Irvin,
Mrs. J. Pierpont Morgan. Mrs. Richard
Stevens, Mrs. George C. Clark, Mrs.
Percy R. Tyne, Mrs. Arthur Iselin, Mrs.
James Speyer, Mrs. William P. Hamil?
ton, Mrs. Henry M. Tilford and Mrs.
Walter E. Maynard.
Army Captain to W?ed To-day
Miss Augusta Danforth Geer, of
Hoos!c Falls, N. Y., will be married to
Captain William E. Larncd, U. S. A.,
on duty in the adjutant general's of?
fice, at noon to-day in St. Margaret's
Church, Washington. The ceremony,
which will be performed by the Rev.
Dr. Herbert Scott Smith, will be fol?
lowed by a reception at the homo of
Representative and Mrs. James S.
Parker, 1327 Sixteenth Street. Captain
T. A. Larned, Quartermaster Corps,
U. S. A., of Charleston, S. C, will servo
as his brother's best man.
PATRICK V. KYNE MC'R.
for ARMY andNAVY
MPM Se* Sunday's
MfclN New York Tribune
I VOL I ?WILLIAM S. HART
B'mty. 49.lv I lb "SfLftfH, VATty *
20-S?-60.T?i. t\ Irtvom orchestra
" P?ThOV? In "fHS
_.. _ IK." Fatty Ar
3tBMS Squire?, 'tmckl*. Comedr and
ALI W'LIFE MASK.'
L8EWS NEW TORR THEATRE fo.^SI
CouL 11 A, M. to 11 I* M Root to 1 A. M. '
(iEORCK U'A1>H. "Bravo and ?old.
Lmw's ftntriein Ruf &?*? ?itB',w?l
CHARME CHAPLIN In "A i Ail S-mU?
Malit Out," O'Nell A Wahns-! Remmrre?
ley, 6 ScrcnaUern and other?. t5. ?&. S9
Hylan's Aids Seek
Brown in Records
Hope to Substantiate the
Charges Made by MacBride
It developed yesterday that the delay
in formulating the charges on which
Dr. Lucius Polk Brown, director of the
Bureau of Food and Drugs of the Board
of Health, is to be tried is ?lue to a
hunt through the records of the bureau.
Mayor Hylan's aids hoped*that this
search will justify .hums E. MacBridc's
charge of favoritism.
Mr. MacBride, in his letter making
charges against Dr. Brown, declared
that In the conduct, of his bureau Dr.
Blown had shown favors to the Borden
Milk Company, intimating that inter?
ests connected with this company were
largo contributors to various ' social
welfare organizations friendly .to Dr.
Brown and other chiefs of Health De?
partment bureaus. lie aiso charged
favoritism to Dr. William ,!ny Schief
felin, president of the Citizens Union,
in that no drug samples had been taken
from Schiuffelill's firm for examination
a;-, to purity, etc.
Tho decision to rely chiefly on the
accusation of favoritism is understood
to have been reached after it had been
found that the only possible basis for
charges that might sustain Dr. Brown's
dismissal from the public servie?' lay
in the manner in which complaints
reaching the bureau had been handled.
Thousands of these go to the bureau
in the course of the year und it is pro?
posed-to show that not all of these
were investigated, and that among
those not investigated were some re?
ferring to Borden's and other com?
panies usually described by Mr. Hylan
as "food, milk and drug trusts."
Friends of Dr. Brown said that in an
open hearing in'which he was permitted
to meet squarely the charges against
him it would appear that with the
inspectors at his command it was phys
icully impossible to investigate all of
the complaints received, that he had
repeatedly asked for a larger staff and
that under the circumstances the only
course open wns to Investigate those
complaints most likely to show viola?
tions. Otherwise any attempt to con?
fine inquiries to so-called trusts would
be to allow lawbreakers of whose guilt
there was small room for doub to
On Sugar Rations
Household consumers, as well as can?
nera and manufacturers, are put on
sugar rations by an order of the Fed
era! Food Board yesterday.
Retailers are forbidden to sell more
than five pounds of sugar at a time to
consumers in towns and citie3. The
limit in rural communities Is ten
Home canners may purchase twenty
five pounds at a time, but tbey must
file a certificate showing that it is to
be used only for canning or preserving.
Canning clubs may purchase a hundred
pounds at a time, certificates being re?
Following an investigation of reports
that profiteering in sugar is going on,
the Federal Food Board yesterday sum?
moned Louis Lindner, grocer and baker,
76 and 77 Lewis Street, accused of
charging 3 5 and 18 cents a pound to
consumers. He is also charged with
doing a wholesale business without a
license. The case will be continued
Four bakers, who violated tho regu?
lations, were ordered to close their
stores for three days; three were
warned and one paid $25 to war char?
ities. Tho charity donation was ac?
cepted, because the offender, Bernard
Cintel, 28.1 South Second Street, Brook?
lyn, had sold his business and could
not be punished by suspension of
Rent of City Apartments Jumps;
Private Houses Glut Market
llave you received from your land?
lord an unscented billet-doux pointing
out gently but firmly that you are a
good tenant and he doesn't want to lone
you. but, really, ho must put up the
If you live in n private house it is
ten to one that you have not received
such a note. If you live in an apart?
ment it is a hundred chances to one
that you have.
'rhe:-c intimations have caused such
a Storni among apnrtment house dwell?
ers that the landlords have more than
once made attc-nints to explain why
recta must go up now. Once, through
the Association of Building Managern
they issued a joint statement pointins
out that the tax rut?? lias jumped ',',:
mills, the cose ot" renovating and im
provements fias ??one up from 100 tl
800 per cent and insurance rates have
increased by 10 per cent.
They declared that wages have in
creased to such an extent that an ele
vator man now gets as much as ai
Yesterday some of them told Th?
Tribune more, and reported upon th?
reception of their rent-raising an
nouncements by the tenants.
'"They are taking it philosophically,
aid a representative of Pease & Elli
man. "They talked of moving out. bu
they have not (?one so. Private housei
with their rent:* still low, are a glu
on the market. There has been n
general emigration fron*, apartments t
"The lucky man to-day is lie wli
has spent about two years of a fivt
year lease. Two years ago apartment
could be had on terms that are almost
"The main reason is that times are '
good. When prosperity hits the coun?
try people flock to New York, and the
newcomers want apartments. not
houses. Building has almost ceased;
certainly it is not commensurate with
the increased demand for flats.
"Landlords haven't been making
much money lately, and everybody else
has. Landlords arc losing money to?
day on houses. Two years ago some of
them were losing money on apart?
ments, because there were so many
vacancies. They have got to make us
this io^s somehow, and, frankly, they
think they are entitled to a share in
the general prosperity."
Although the most startling increases
huve taken place in the wealthier dis?
tricts?Park Avenue apartments that
were $2,300 last year are to be leased
from next October at $3,500?the East
Side tenements have been hard hit.
The thirty-two families at 254 East
Fifty-sixth Street have received from
Leonard .1. Carpenter, agent for the
Schermerhorn estate, word that their
rents will increase $6, $8 and even 510
a month on June 1. These apartments
have been renting at from $23 a
"It will be necessary to notify us by
return mail if you desire to retain tho
apartment at the figure mentioned,"
says the agent's note.
"I had to tell him yes," said one of
the tenants, ''though an increase of
eight dollars a month i.s more than
I f'"el [ can stand. Apartments are in
big demand and it :? hard to find an?
other place in a hurry."
One real estate man put the average
apartment rent increase at 13 to 14
Gigantic Field Mass
To Be Celebrated Here
In accordance with the President's
proclamation for the religious ob?
servance of Memorial Day, Surveyor
Thomas Rush, chairman of the ar?
rangement committee, announced yes?
terday that a military field mass would
be celebrated in Battery Park which
would surpass in magnitude any out?
door religious ceremony ever observed
in this city.
The old bandstand in the centre of
the park will be used for the altar.
The site is an exceedingly appropriate
one, as the Statue of Liberty will be
constantly before the eyes of the cel
; cbrant of the mass as the latter is of?
fered up for the victory of America
and her allies.
The Rev. Captain George A. Waring,
chaplain of the 11th Cavalry, will be
the celebrant, the deacons being Chap?
lain Duffy, of the, navy, and Chaplain
Crogan, of Ellis Island. The sermon
will be preached by the Right Rev!
Patrick J. Hayes, D. D., Auxiliary
Bishop of New York, Bishop Ordinary
of the army and navy and senior chap
plain of the United States military
forces. His military guard will con?
sist of the army and navy chaplains of
the Knights of Columbus assigned to
this port. Cardinal Farley is expected
to attend the service, and invitations
have been sent to Rear Admiral Mc?
Donald, of the navy yard, and Major
General Mann, with their respective
The music of the mass will be sung
by the Cathedral College choir, accom?
panied by the bands of the Police, Fire
and Street Cleaning departments and
the Letter Carriers' Band of the New
War Finance Corporation
Directors Begin Their Work
WASHINGTON, May 16.?Directora
of the War Finance Corporation, al?
though not yet sworn in, went to work
to-day examining the $50,000,000 ac?
cumulated applications for loans, but
will not decide on any cases for at least
another week. Sherman Allen, for?
merly assistant secretary of the Fed
t eral Reserve Board, probably will be
made secretary of the corporation.
. I'rlcog SOo to $2, ?toopt Sat. Night. J?50.
KI/AW * EKI.AN'O.ER'S
RADIANT MUSICAL COMEDY
N E W YORK'S LEADING THEATRES AND SUCCESS? S
EM D I D IT R'w&y and 40th St Kn. at 8:15.
m r I n t Matinees Sat. and Wed., 2:15.
mm CTREE ft in thn new .".?Aci. Comedy
Pree. by J. M. Barrl.j's "Tbe New Word."
43 St.. ??At of Tt'way. 'Phono Bryant 7410.
ETOnlngs 8:80. Mat?. TO-DAY & Sut., at 2:
ln "A Marriage of Convenience
NEW MIDNIGHT FROLIC
Mats. Today & Wed. (I'op.).i!:20
The Aviation M?isl?-nl Comedy Sensation.
W. 42 St. TO-NIOHT K:30.
Mats. Sat. and Wed., 2:30.
Pop. Prie? Matinee Wed.
I YPFI IM West 45Ul St Ergs, at H:'!0.
<L? 1 **WE.VS1VJ Mb,,3 To-day & Sat. at 2:30.
MATINEE TO-DAY AT f*2:30.
DAVID HIvEA.SCO pr?tants
W. 12 .ST. To-nloht 8:30.
Miiti. Sat. and Wed.. 230.
Popular Price Matinee Wed.
4.1 ST.. B. of B'WAY. Kvg-..
Mat?, t?a*. & Wed. U'op.),
WED. MATINEE POP. PRICES.
Totally Eclipses All Other Musical Shows
M. VSflnHfl BWAy?KW43rst
eve's 8? MAT5.weO*?IS?t?W
TH? SHACKING MUSICAL SUCCESS
A FUNNIEST AMERICAN ?CDMEDV
OF RECENT YEARS
With GRANT MITCHELL
RFI A?ri) Ww,t 44 -St Kwolng? 8:30.
DE,l.rtJ?vV* M?t(1 t,,day ?),! Sati a:S0
. MATINEE TO-DAY AT ?>:X0.
DAVID BFXASCO prr-sents
PARKT"iU'> Co1'? Cirete. ETgB. 8:20.
?**????Matinees Wednesday ft Bat, 2 30.
f PAYS 1??VE
^^ UiK Military-Naval Melodram?.
FULTON THEATRE RE? ft
BEGINNING MON. EVE., MAY 20
"HER HONOR THE MAYOR"
"? "THE GOOD MEN DO"
ENTIRE ORCHESTRA $1.00
Mfin?ON THEATRE. W. ?4 Rt. ?m. ?:??.
nUUO-Un Matine? Sat. and WeC 2:2?.
B-wiU 4 90 St. Eta. ??C to $L | ,__
CHARLOTTE WALKER?LEWIS KTON*.
Mat. Tod aj.25c A 50c.
?Vert J EDITH WYNNE MATTHI80N ln
Week I "The Serrant In the Hoiue."
IN THE INTEREST OF THE
ITALIAN RED CROSS
the following artists will positively
Mme*. Alda, Sophie Braslau. Ann? Cas?,
Miixlo, Meurt. Caruso. Miurtlnelll,
Amato, De I.iu-i? and Seottt.
Orchestra conducted by
Messrs. Papl and Moranxoni.
Entire Opera Chorus under direction
of M. -iett?.
Entire concert under personal direction
of M. GatU-Casaxtit,
Tickets now on ?ale at Metropolitan
Opera House Box Office. 1'rices ?1.50
to 13, $4 and $?. Boxes on applica?
tion to Box Office.
[ Italy-America Society
i 165 BHOADWA? NKW YOIIK
Coming Next Week ?Do?y Sitten
44th ST THEATRE.
-T-TllI ?ja.2ND ?0?T J TURNINO
D. W. Griffith's Vitiml ??_?*MD8
THE SWEETEST LOVE STORY EVER TOLD
A ROMANCE OF THE GREAT WAR
Twice Ddlly'-eVOS it SAT MAT , 25c to ?I.M.
3:10 & 8:10!ot?ier Miu due. Hun.). 2Sc to }L
Ceneert. Caen?i? Hall. Sen. E?.. May It. S P. M.
a?**1** DIDUR, ?va DIDUR, sa*ch_
jacobsen. %rn?dus,iaH Re'
AqidIocs "?'"i??! ?Vederatien and B??ian rnlty
U'UTJe. TICKKTS iOc-M.oo AT BOX OKKICR
jTwlce^ Dallr. JPopulw
& ?ful ?MS A 8:15.
HELL.* AMERICA :nah W,
Thrills All Camp Dix
CAMP DIX, Wrigbtstown. N. J.. May
15.?Massed in the new Y. M. C. A.
outdoor stadium, 50,000 soldiers and
visitors this evening heard Mme.
Schumann-Heink sing the- spirit of
mother love, of home, and of undying
courage into the very soul of the great
khaki clad host, preparing to make the
supreme sacrifice on the battlefields
of Europe. Never i nher career has
she faced an audience more sympa?
thetic and enthusiastic.
Camp Dix, which has developed tin
?est singing army in America, under th<
leadership of W. Stanley Hawkins
chosen last week at Genera! Pershing':
?quest to direct the singing of th?
American forces in Europe, welcome?
tho prima donna as no other guest o
honor ever has been received. It sang
under Hawkins's leadership, the song
it will chant "over there," and at th
close, of the programme it called o;
her to lead it in "The Battle Hymn o
The concert had a most thrillin
climax. To qucte the soldier boys, i
was "a hair-raiser," while it lei
thousands of visitors with only tear
to express their emotion. Mm?
Schumann-Heink sang the verses as
solo. There isn't a song the soldiei
Aere like better, and when at the t?os
of the stanza she waved her hands fc
them to take up the chorus, the roa
ing burst of "Glory, glory hallelujah
| rolled across the great parade grouni
i to the furthest borders of the camp.
Swell Red Cross Fun<
WASHINGTON, May 15. -Preside
Wilson's autographs on numerous a
ticles sold at auction are increasing t!
funds of the Red Cross. The Preside
has been sigrning daily copies of b
speeches, his photographs, souver
Red Cross programmes, baseballs ai
The words "Woodrow Wilson" in t
President's handwriting always a
worth several hundred dollars at R
Artistic Furniture From ?Sev?
eral Estates on View at
Art Association Galleries
The American Art Association placed
on view yesterday at their galleries &
collection of furnishings and embellish?
ments taken from the country residence
of the late Grant B. Schley, together
with other artistic furniture belonging
to several estates and private owners.
Among the furniture are several mas?
sive old English pieces, a carved and
gilt drawing room suite with carpet to
match, French and Italian carved avid
gilt Console tables and a quaint old
bedroom ret containing beds, chairs,
work table, writing desk and cabinet;
the entir? decorated with bouquets of
flowers on a black background.
Specially fir.e are the great copper
utensils, also the pewter-5, brasses and
bronzes. There are a few ??rge Jap?
anese and Chinese garden jardiniere"1
luxurious of design, and a number of
elaborate bronze lantern"-. A Scotch
Axminster carpet of Rose du Barry
color is shown, which measures thirty
six by iiftecn feet. Many Oriental rug5
are als'o on view. Very interesting are
the suits of armor, old guns, blunder
bus pistols, swonis, ?rapiers and ot.he?'
weapons of war of a bygone day. The
sale of the collection will take place
or. the afternoons of May 20-25. in?
James Gordon Bennett
To Be Buried in Paris
Will Not To Be Made Public
Until After Funeral; Trib?
utes by French Press
PARIS, May 16.- The body of Jamas
Gordon Bennett, proprietor of "Th?
New York Herald," who died at Beau
lieu yesterday will be brought to Pari*;
early next week in accordance with Mr.
Bennett's desire, often expressed, that.
| Paris be his last resting place. Mr.
Bennett's legal representative in Pan.-?
j is informed that it is not expected the
will will b? made public until after the
. funeral services.
In an article in "Le Journal" Mau
' rice d<* Waleffe writes:
''James Gordon Bennett was more
? than famous. It may be said of him
! that he was immortal, having crested
; the type of the trans-Atlantic million?
aire serving as a model for all our
This is but one of a dozen kindly and
'. appreciative references in the Pari*
' morning newspapers to the late Mi.
I Bennett. The '"Newspaper Napoleon"*
and the "Maecenas of Sports and Arts"
.are some of the characterizations of
j him by the writers of the tributes. All
j of them lay emphasis upon his labors
to the end of securing the entry of
| America into the war.
Dealer in Antiques Robbed
Is Beaten Unconscious With
Silver Plated Pestle
Moses Hogopian, forty-five years old,
an Armenian, who conducts an antique
shop at 11 East Forty-third Street, was
assaulted and robbed early yesterday
morning. He was found in the rear of
his stofc in an unconscious condition
and taken to Bellevue Hospital, but
had not recovered consciousness at a
\ late hour last night. His assailant
used a silver plated pestle, which was
found on the floor.
Enea Pagasi, a partner of Hogopian,
said that about $500 worth of antiques
had been taken from the store.
D. F. Camman to Wed Monday
Mrs. Riley Miles Gilbert bas issued
invitations for the marriage of he,
?daughter. Miss Annie Gilbert, to Don
; alt! Fairfax Camman, on Monday after?
noon at 4:30 o'clock. The ceremony
[ will be performed at the home of Mrs.
Gilbert, 5*33 Park Avenue.
+ WASHINGTON PAID $18,186 JL
BALTIMORE PAID $29,329 ^P
/ for ?ingle performances by the
GREATEST ALL STAR CAST IN HISTORY
?O0t YhERE" ' ??"??
CAN RED CROSS.
IF YOU MISS IT YOU'LL ALWAYS REGRET IT
GOOD SEATS STILL -fFlMTIIWY Tomo% &?at Eve?.
TO BE HAD AT 1^7hLVeK Y mT&sI iSL??S
WINTER GARDEN^8 v t
and Tuend ay.
AL JOLXONin SINBAD
SUNDAY NIGHT CONCERT
A MIGHTY GATHERING OF CELEBRITIES.
B'way. IWed. and Bat. 2:30.
EYES OF YOUTH
with JANE GREY and Ortglna! Caat.
3?TH ST ,S9lh- nr- B'w?*'- **>?nlnr? 8:1S.
O&tn Oi. MaUnws Wednesday A: 8^. 2:''
In His Bwc Comnlr
a cuKe roa
^ff??- SH?BERT ^x?-K
S Matine? Wed. and Sat., 2:15. \
' "A GALU-CURCl
_ft*rm> Tue?. 4CtH A B'way Kt?* .?. : 1.'.
**? ?**"*"?? Matine? Wed. and Sat., ! 15.
"A JOYOUS HIT" "^?1,? SX"
CLIFTON I ?*??"? I FANCY
CRAWFORD I ??? I FREE
Harry Conor?Ray H?rmend?Marj?)rle Qtteaon.
MOVES TO CASINO THEA. NEXT MON.
Sp?ngh"' WEDNESDAY, MAY 22
KELWYN and CO. Pr?tent
A Ml'SICAJ. COM EDV
Music by JEROME KERN*.
Book by T.yrtrg by
Edgar Allan Woolf Herbert
and Margaret Mayo. Reynold??.
1 SEATS NOW ) j EXTRA MAI IN?K
ON SALE j I DECORATION DAY
??S?? PLAYHOUSE flJ^ia*. '&
?LITTLE TEACHER "?V^*1
jo.? CT THRA.. B. of H'way. H?r*>. ?:M.
40tH 31. MATINE TO-DAV. 50c-*f.50.
THK MAN WHO STAYED AT HOME
FamoDi "Spy" Play?Star Cant.
DDINfCCC "9th. nr. B'way. Kvcnlr.g? S 20.
ri\Iil^EfOa Ma.!!r,n* W??d. ail Bat., ?:*?.
of B way By??. S:2?
MatA Hat. and fl*M. at 2?0
BtGCEST COMEDY HIT IN NEW YORK
m * . ?^ - ~ -r^ -? _ - -, w,Mi
BtGCEST COMEDY HIT IN i
#BOOTH T.lv' t;",8r, Walker C ti'%
45th. W. of B'na?.
_ Matin?? Wed
\ and Sat., 2.."?u
riFTH MONTH W
-?CTARB'N SQ. IM.AVEK.*-?
Kv. g 45 Mt-t.TYrfay???)al .5 SO.
- TIMK?. OF -' ?-'-v
ROPE" & 3 COMEDIES
O M EDV
Broad;, j;. i \\?x
Lee Se J. J. Sbuherl
M'xJ??I Mualeal i'r.jduct?ou.
ChtrlMt Pure*!!, l'esey Wocl ajid Win. Norria
M au. U'cU.
l". Bt, VF, of By. 4ft ?ryai.t.
l?n S 20. M:- -ial.iWni..;.?.
l<y Ii?nr!k Ibsen.
Carnegie Halt, Toe?. Aft., May 21, at S.
+ PIANO RECITAL JOSEE
Aid American Red Croit Drive
BRIEF ADDREK8 BY EX-PRESIDENT
TICKETS NOW AT BOX OFFICE.
GREENWICH VILLAGE Sf-fc *&#?,
Special rtmatar Mat Every Tu??.. SO? aa? li.Oe.
-Svcr.tnc? S:45. Matine* Hat.. 2:30, 54a, tl,~ tl 5?
3 ONE-ACT ? "THE BIO SCENE**: ?*JXE?*!
PLAYS ! ?THE MAID Ol* FRANCE"
Par. KEITH'S SPANISH DANCES
AI A T F ;fTom "THE Land Of
A L. A V. E> joV." Elizabeth Brit?.
B'WAY * *T ST. . John B. Hymer & Co.. '
Dally Mala 3te-tl ! ota.. <fc Joaeohlne Victor.
R B.F.KEITH'S TKIXIE FRIGANZA. i
IVERSIDE gS^*|Kf W
B'WAY A 96 ST i Aveline ft Lloyd & othri.
?1ST HT. AM? BROADS-TAT.
in "THE BRIDE'S AWAKENING"
Th? Fadt-Me* l.iaUy Ort-heatra of Sfl.
Mat?. SGc to ?&C Night* IS? to SI.
3 1'SaiTOKMA.VCUi DAILY. ;?-4IM?
C.-arn?iwi0 Hall, TO-kfOK'W KVN?U. at *:I.V
S Specially .SMoctmi " mmmm
Orrhfi'.ru of ?? Player? Mr**9
? \ I H O I A 1? l^-M
(Conductor Kan Fran? Uco Fhiifearoto-air >
60e. to tz. MlWHWWW I-oudon Charltou.
?^?w*r?r*??T^^ in '?tag? -' Tem."
OUTING CHI.STRR THAVE1, SCENIC*?
?ololj-ts- STRAND ??Ml'HOM OBC'STB-V,