Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. LXXVm No. 26,151
First to Last?the Truth:
News ? Editorials - advertisements
JUNE 22. 1918
* ? * ?
Rain to-day: somewhat wanner. To?
morrow fair and cooler. Fresh,
probably strong, southeast winds,
becoming west this afttwnoon.
Fall Bepeit <m Page 1
two rvNTH J In Orteeter New York and I THBaTK CMMTS
TWOCKNT8? within commutln? distance I ?Swfcere
Italians Storm Enemy Lines on the Piaoe;
Austrian Cabinet to Resign in Food Crisis
U.S. Urged to
Britain Proposes Trans- j
atlantic Voyages by Avi?
ators to Battlef ronts
One Route Laid Out
By Gen. Brancker j
first Attempt to Cany Out
Plan Likely to Be
Made in Fall
i Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, Jane 21.?The Brit?
ish and American governments may un?
dertake flights across the Atlantic this j
year. Major General William Branck?
er, controller general of equipment of j
the British Air Council, who is on a
special mission to the United States
pertaining to the coordination of
American and British work in aviation
production fields, disclosed this to-day.
The British Air Council, he said, is '
eemmitted to the scheme.
General Brancker issued a formal j
statement. He afterward elaborated |
?pon it in an interview. He said:
"An enterprise which must be carried j
?at as soon as possible is the flight ?
of tie Atlantic. Once this has been
established America's output of big j
bombing machines can proceed to
Europe by air, and so save the ship
pfcg that is so invaluable for other j
"This may seem a wild statement, j
bat we must remember that in 1914 the)
flight of the English Channel was con?
sisted fc wonderful and dangerous per- |
forain?. There Is really no reason
why a considerable number of big aero- j
planes and seaplanes should not cross
the Atlantic during next summer, and
the sooner a pioneer proves the flight j
not only to he possible, but compara?
tively safe, the better can the wonder?
ful resources of America be employed |
toward winning the war."
Great Britain Is "For It"
The British government, said Gen?
eral Brancker, "is for it." The pro?
posal is being discussed with the avia?
tion heads of the United States, and it
vas thought possible that the initial
flight might be attempted in September j
or October, the two months most favor
requisites for the flight, the general
Engine reliability; navigation, given]
clear weather, and weather forecast- j
ing, which is the most difficult problem.
There also arc three possible routes, j
only one o? which, however, is con?
sidered practicable for the' trial flight.
The first is the Greenland route, which
baa already been ruled out because of
its roughness. The second, to Ireland,
also has been eliminated for the pres?
ent, because of the trouble experienced j
W telling weather conditions. The ?
wute tentatively agreed upon is by 1
*ay of the Azores, which is. considered !
beat from every viewpoint, it being !
reasonably easy to forecast accurately j
The first flight across the ocean, Gen
***1 Brancker said, probably would be
ttade by a seaplane, so it would be able
t.* ?L in the harbors on the other
aide. The starting point would be New?
foundland, offering a shorter distance
? cross. The first landing point would |
o? the Azores, and the route thence i
*ould be to Portugal, to the French
?oast. t I
Would Use British Engine
General Brancker emphasized his de
??ration that the flight would not be
: lor sensation and in no way would be
I related to A "stunt" as such, "but to get '
uje stuff o\er," it being his idea, and i
"*?' of other leading British pro- ?
fwanta of the flight, that the shipping |
i ?tuation might eventually be materi
**}y relieve?, by having' the heavy ;
W*?M fly overseas.
Dm l* '* one engine which General
i ??acker believes has demonstrated
?fe??wbility of such an exploit. It is
J?? ?Oils Royce, an English motor. It
*WW require 750 horsepower, at pres
*?! ?forded by one type of Rolls Royce ,
"alS??? *mP,0yed in seaplanes. The \
JJr^J ?aking the transatlantic voyage ;
thTi'?fry tw? engines and two tanks, j
ine utter innovation being feasible j
. 0?J?f to the fact that tHe seaplanes !
| !?5J???vier land 'planes nre built to!
It *onaD8 ?nd torpedoes.
*? .W,B estimated by General I
???5Hr thtt the flight would be ac- j
^??hed in iort>' hours. I? w?uId bl>
?a?? t the Ro51s R?yce engine to
fro*? *Jfhty-five miles an hour, and
J?P ?mety-five to a hundred miles
EE worable winds. The flight would
Jrewo distinct phases -the first to
??1?*0'e?. which it was estimated j
Atar. * ? twenty hours, and from the I
??TJW to Portugal, which would take '
r?Iw'nty hours. The flight from
**a \fi\ to the Fr*nch coast, which, it,
?re? sir WOuJd be over seas and notl
?asleJ?>fcm*h territory, would be the
"*????lta0? th* flight' 5t bcinsr 80
f g^**1*1 c*r,y Vo*r Peraons
1 tikeS?*1 Brancker thought that the
'ia?Afl.SP,n? mi(?nt ?? *ble to cr?*?
?oaST*lw? ">?t the attempt, he said,
Na tLwl * fa>nble, until the engine
''????MugbXy tested- It ia understood
on Page 4, Column 2
But One Day's Life
For Foes of Soviet
MOSCOW, June 21.?The pres?
ident of the commission appointed
to combat "counter revolution"
has defined the procedure by
which of late numerous execu?
tions have been ordered as "or?
ganized terror against enemies of
the Soviet rule."
"Prisoners," says the commis?
sion, "axe shot only if the vote is
"We judge qui<&ly; in most
cases one day, or a few days at
most, have elapsed between arrest
and sentence," he adds.
Maxim Gorky's newspaper,
"Novaia Zhizn," protesting
against these inquisitions, says
that almost invariably criminals
are hemmed in by a wall of evi?
dence and forced to confess.
West Siders Inform Mayor
They Are Not Satisfied
Mayor Hylan got his answer yister
day from the West Side Taxo'tow?'
Association to his letter of JuniaHHft
which he gave an account of his fifffw*
ardship oi his first five months fhvVJ- ,
tice and inviting suggestions and criti- |
cism. He sent the same letter -Co all ;
similar organization's in the . city. '
Most of thera have not replied.
"You ask ua if we are satisfied; we
answer that we are not," was the curt
summary of the Westsiders' reply.
The association pointed out that it
resolved unanimously to send the let?
ter to Mayor Hylan at its r?gulai
meeting of June 13, and also to send
copies "to ail real estate and business
men's associations, the press, savings
banks, trust companies, the New York
members of the Legislature and to!
citizens generally. The members of
the association are all business men
and property owners, with their inter?
ests principally below Thirty-fourth I
? The association explained that its I
members had chosen to support Judge
Hylan for Mayor, believing that* the
administration of Mayor Mitchel' had
been more or less socialistic, that Mr.
Hillquit's was bound to be socialistic,
and that Mr. Bennett had no chance.
Tbey apologized for supporting Mayor
Hylan. They predicted that he %vould
not be re?lected.
Took Mayor at Face Value
"We did not know you, we had no
opportunity to form a correct opinion
of you," the letter said, "bat we be?
lieved that the organization which
nominated you had been, since itB in?
ception, the friend of the business man
and the property owner, and we knew
that the men whom it placed in the
office of Mayor in the past had always
stood fer economy in administration
and had respect for the rights of indi?
viduals and corporations in property.
We had every reason to expect from
you an economical and ' conservative
administration, free from waste, ex?
travagance and Bolsheviki social ser?
"Instead of being a conservative, you
have advocated the most extreme radi?
calism. Instead of advocating tlte Jef
fersonian, democratic theory of the
least possible government, we believe
you have strongly and openly support?
ed the Bolsheviki theory that the com?
munity owes everything to the individ?
ual and that government should be
paternalistic and control every action
of the individual."
"In fact, wherever opportunity has
arisen we have found you advocating
those theories of government that are
now finding their fullest expression in
Russia, and were repudiated at the last
city election by at least 200,000 votes."
Called a Meddler
After spelling out many counts in an
indictment of the Mayor for his Bol?
shevik tendencies and failuiv to keep
his promises of economy, the associa?
tion intimates that the Mayor is "lured
by ambition" and "meddles in all sorts
of things to get lurid headlines."
Mayors who arc so inclined and "do not
confine themselves to the duties of ,
their office as established by law are
seldom re?lected," the letter said. i
"To do one's duty, to execute the
iawa as one finds them, may not bring
the applause of the unthinking or the
?lattery of a sensational presB, but there
would result the approval of one's con?
science and the enduring reputation for
ability and character so highly prized
by honorable men," is the parting shot
in the closing paragraph. i
Criticism is directed at the Mayor for
appointing p "socialistic Commissioner
of Markets" whom he known "can do
nothing except make trouble." He is
criticised for advocating the municipal
ownership of public utilities at Albany,
although the city has reached the limit
of, if it has not exceeded, its debt In?
curring power. Referring to the
Continued on lagt page, Column 7
Plight Is Due
Jeremiah Makes Charges
on the Witness Stand
H. A Wise Fears Defend?
ing Agitator Would Hurt
His Army Chances
Transforming the witness stand of
the United States District Court into
an emergency soapbox, Jeremiah A.
O'Leary yesterday hurled his final de?
fiance at the powers that were and the
powers that be.
To-day he sits in a Tombs cell, mute
and closely guarded. When next he
appears in public it will be as a man
on trial for his life, charged with trea?
son against the United States. Before
passing into this temporary eclipse,
however, the fighting Sinn Feiner im?
proved the opportunity afforded him as
a witness in the trial of his brother
John to present his own conception of
the reasons for his present plight.
Local political animosity, O'Leary
charges, is at the bottom of the whole
affair, and he unhesitatingly lays the
blame at the feet of former Mayor
John Purroy Mitchel. Suitable legal
counsel, he further asserts, has been
denied him through systematic intimi?
dation of the men he desired to have
handle his case.
Letter Causes Stir
Tn the ?connection O'Leary identified
the much-discuBsed letter in which for?
mer Assistant United States Attorney
Henry A. Wise asked to be excused
from the direction of the O'Leary de?
fence. This letter, after pleading many
more or less conventional excuses?!
such as governmental duties and press
tf other business?winds up with the
"There i* another consideration I
want you to think over very carefully.
I am a trained soldier. Five years of
my life were devoted to the profession
of arms. For more than one year I
Continued on last page, Column 2
Austrian Food Scarce ;
Lines Stand All Night/
LONDON, June 21.?The weekly
food ration in Austria, "The Daily
Mail" correspondent at The Hague
quotes the "Arbeiter Zeitung" of
Vienna as reporting, is as follows:
Twenty-two ounces of bread; one
pound of potatoes, of which half
cannot be eaten; one ounce of
black bran mash; pne ounce of an?
other mill product; an ounce and a
half of fat; six and one-half ounces
of sugar; one egg; seven ounces of
meat, and a little jam and coffee
The Vienna newspaper says th&t
the meat allowance is obtained "if
the applicant waits all night for it."
Four Germans Flee
Berlin in Airplane;
Land in Denmark
One, an Author, Threat?
ened with Jail; Others
COPENHAGEN, June 21.?Four resi?
dents of Berlin escaped from Germany
Thursday in two airplanes and suc?
ceeded in landing safely in Denmark.
The occupants of the airplanes declared
that they fled from Berlin because of
The two machines, which are of the
albatross type, left Berlin early Thurs?
day morning. Their flight was ob?
served and guardships along the coast
were warned. When the machines
reached the Baltic the guardships
opened fire, and it was at first errone
cusl^'^porfi'dt^t Oftft?f the airplanes
had been brought down.
One of the two occupants of?the?
first Albatross Was DrV G. F? ft?co?ai,!
thor of a book that denounced Prus?
sian militarism and had been punished
with imprisonment because of its pub?
The- second Albatross landed in the
neighborhood of Rudkoebing with its
two German deserters. This machine
had been delayed by making a landing
on an island to repair a slight defect
in the engine.
The Rudkoebing correspondent of
the "National Tidende" quotes the
crew of the second Albatross as say?
ing that they had been at the battle
front and were . expected to return
there. They declared that they pre?
ferred death rather than to go back.
The two men wore infantry uniforms
and one of them had the Iron Cross.
As Riots Shake
Many Hungarian Provinces
Have Less Than Third of
Needed Food Supply
Mob Menaces German
Embassy in Vienna
Populace Holds Teutons
Responsible for Their
| LONDON, June 21.?Dr. von Seydler,
I the Austrian Premier, left Vienna at
midday to-day for Austrian headquar?
ters to submit the resignation of his
Cabinet to Emperor Charles, says a
dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph
New bread riots started Thursday
night in the Favoriten and Brigit
tenay districts of Vienna and there
are now more than 150,000 munition
workers on strike in the Austrian cap?
ital, says an Exchange Telegraph dis?
patch from Zurich.
An attempt to attack the German
Embassy in Vienna, according to
Vienna correspondents of Munich
nt'wspariers, was dispersed by the po?
lice. There were many arrests and
some persons were injured. There
were many cries of:
"Germany is starving us! Down
A statement issued by:the Vienna
police declares that demonstrators hold
up tramways, broke ,wi#d?wjj and loot?
ed food shops and bakers' carta. At the
Municipal Council meeting Herr Neu?
mann, representing the Socialists, de?
nounced the Brest-Litovsk peace as a
fraud and declared the situation was
The situation at Prague, Bohemia
and the industrial centres in that dis?
trict, says the. "Neue Freie Presse," oJ
Vienna,, according to a Copenhager
dispatch, har become so serious thai
the Austrian government will either b<
compelled to increase the bread ratior
cr run the riBk of still further excitinj
the working . people. In the lattei
Continued on next page, Column 8
GIVE US AN EQUAL NUMBER OF MEN AND THERE WILL
BE NO QUESTION ABOUT VICTORY
! Failure of Austrian Offensive
Shown by German Newspapers
(Special Dispatch to The Tribun*.)
WASHINGTON, June 21.?"If there were still any doubts about
I the failure of the Austrian offensive," says an official Entente diplomatic
dispatch, "German newspapers of June 18 and 19 would suffice to dispel
, them. Their prudent and moderate comments are significant. Many
confine themselves to adding a few words to the official communiqu?s.
Others pretend to ignore the fact that th?we was really a question of
an operation of great extent.
"Nearly all have recourse to the following .explanation: It was
necessary, above all, to engage the Italian troops so as to prevent their
coming on to the French front.
"A Munich paper tries to speak modestly of the advantages, 'not
to be ignored' which have been won by the Austrians.
"The Strassburg Tost' acknowledges that there was no surprise
for the Italians, and that the Austrians have hurled themselves against
| a stubborn resistance.
"The 'Vbssische Zeitung' finds nothing better to say than this:
'The Austrian offensive has foreseen and disorganized a great Italian
? attack which would have relieved the French front.' "
I To Train Here
Equipment by U. S. Also
Provided in Senate
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, June 21.?South and
: Central American countries which are
anxious tr. help fight'Germany, but are
unable to train and equip their armies,
will be given an opportunity to train
tftrcM? equipped in tha United tfl??rtf
by an amendment ad^ted: to-day" by
the Senate Military Affairs Committee.
It is estimated the six nations of Latin
America which have declared war could
easily produce an army of 2,500,000
The amendment provides for the
training and equipping of men ffom
any Allied nation, which.would include
even China and Siam. But. the inter?
est of the committee centred princi?
pally on the South and Central Ameri?
can situation. Six of these countries
already bave declared war, and a sev
. enth, Peru, has seized German ships
; after breaking off diplomatic relations.
The amendment follows:
"Under such regulations as the
President shall prescribe, contingents
of troops from any country joined with
the United States during the existing
? emergency, which is or shall be at war
? with any country with which the
United States is at war, may, with the
approval of the country from which
! they came, be equipped and maintained
and trained with our own troops, and
at the end of such training may be,
transported with our troops to the j
European front, and there equipped I
and maintained during service with our I
own troops against the common
enemy; and the several items of ex-1
pense involved in the equipment, main?
tenance,- training and transportation
of such contingents may be paid from
the respective appropriations herein
made, or from any subsequent appro?
priations, for the equipment, mainte?
nance, training and transportation of
the military forces."
The following South and Central
American republics have declared war
on Germany: Brazil, Cuba, Costa Rica,
Nicaragua, Guatemala and Panama.
These ? have severed diplomatic rela?
tions: Bolivia, Dominican Republic,
Equador, Hayti, Honduras and Ura
Costa Rica cannot be included in
this offer because the American State
Department refuses to recognize its
France is reported te have sent one
man in every seven total population
into the army. If the Latin American
nations at war with Germany were to
contribute half that number their ar?
mies would range as follows: Brasil,
1,758,000; Cuba, 187,000; Costa Rica,
80.000; Nicaragua, 50,000; Guatemala,
430,000; Panama, 28,500, or a total of
Costa Rican Agent
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
WASHINGTON, June 21.?In con-!
nection with the arrest in New York
yesterday of Felix A. Summerfeld, on;
the charge of having acted for Ger- j
many as well as Villa, it was pointed
out here to-day that a warning was
given the State Department about Sum
l?ierfeld three or four deys ago by
ftenor Piza, the agent here of the Costa
President Tinoco, of Costa Rica, haB
repeatedly protested to the United
States government, which does not
recognize him as President, about Mon- !
tero, the Costa Rican Consul at New j
York City. In some way which the
Tinoco government does not under?
stand. Montero diverted a shipment of
1,000 cases of ammunition which were
bought for the Gonzalez administration
by Montero two years ago, before
Tinoco became President.
This ammunition was traced by Ti
noco's agents from the hands of Mon?
tero to Summerfeld, and was shipped,
Tinoco alleges, to Villa. U turned out
afterward that the ammunition, which
was for Mauser rifles, was not of the
right calibre for Villa, and attempt*
have been made by Villa's represent?
atives in this country to ?cover dam
? Marne Front
Foe's Concentration Near
Chateau Thierry Shat?
tered by Rain of Shells
(By The Associated Pre*.-:)
: WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY
I IN FRANCE, June 21.?The Ameri?
can forces northwest of Chateau
i Thierry this morning .- further
j ?mall but brilliantly executed- ttt
j tacks on the nor?h.side of Befleau
American artillery last midnight
j poured an avalanche of projectiles
?into the wood to the east of Chateau
j Thierry, where aerial photographs
had showed there was a host of Ger
| man troops and much enemy ma
! terial. The enemy undoubtedly was
! severely punished.
The American fire reached the
highest concentration in a ten-min?
ute period when 1,200 shells of all
calibres fell on one small area.
Later the American gunners con?
centrated their fire on the town of
Brasles, where many of the enemy
were assembled, and which was the
scene of recent captures of prisoners
by our patrols.
Aerial observations to-day show
the extreme accuracy of our fire, but.
of course, the exact effect is un?
The American troops rushed the
desired positions held by the enemy
in Belleau Wood without the custom?
ary artillery preparation. The Ger?
mans for the most part took a few ;
shots and then retired. One enemy ?
post held its ground and was quickly j
To the east of Belleau Wood a thin
line of American skirmishers ad?
vanced, firing as they went, and oh- j
tained their objectives without diffi-1
culty. All the operations were car
ried out as planned.
As a result the American positions
have been strengthened and we are j
better able to withstand an assault i
when it comes.
Germans in Attack
Suffer Big Losses,
WASHINGTON, June 21. ? Enemy
patrols suffered considerable losses \
northwest of Ch?teau Thierry and in ?
the Woevre region, General Pershing \
reported to-day, in his communiqu? for
yesterday. In the Ch?teau Thierry and 1
Woevre regions and in Lorraine artil?
lery fighting continues. The com- i
ni unique follows:
"Section A. ~ Patrolling has again
been especially active. Northwest of
Chateau Thierry and in the Woevre
hostile patrols suiTered considerable
losses in patrol encounters and from ?
our machine gun fire. Artillery fight?
ing continues in these regions and in .
Eight American Aviators
Bomb German Railway
PARIS, June 21.?According to "La
Liberte," American aviators carried out
an aerial raid lut Sunday night into
Eight Americans bombed the Metz,
Continued on Page 3, Column 6
: Forced Back
I 2,000 Taken
Nervesa Is Recaptured
and Allies Advance
in Heavy Battle
Near the Sea
Destroy a Bridge
i New German Attack in
West Indicated by
the Artillery Fire
': The Italians yesterday made im?
portant gains in terrific counter
attacks at both points on the Pia ve
River where the Austrian drive
had been most threatening.
? Despite renewed Austrian efforts to
press forward on the Montello, on
1 the middle Piave, the Italians
! drove the enemy back on the right
in heavy fighting and recaptured
the village of Nervesa, thus threat?
ening to turn the Austrian posi?
tions on the "hogback" to th?f wot*.
On the extreme right the Italians
stormed the enemy's lines along
the sea, breaking into his positions
near Cortellazzo, at the mouth of
the itPiave, and throwing him back
with severe losses.
The Austrians struck at the Allied
lines at two points. Near Candelu,
on the plains west of the river,
. heavy Austrian forces assaulted
j desperately. The attack failed
completely. West of San Dona di
Piave, on the lower river, the
enemy attacked five times in ef?
forts to break the Italian counter
blows in this region. Every attack
broke down with heavy loss??.
The Austrian losses have been enor
i mous, Premier Orlando told the
Deputies. Various estimates place
the enemy's casualties at from
120,000 to 150,000 in the six day*'
Thirteen divisions, or approximately
j 100,000 Austrian troops, are re?
ported to be across the Piave.
Some of them are being supplied by
airplane only on account of floods
carrying away the bridge?.
Two thousiwrid additional prisoners
were taken by the Allies, bringing
the total close to 13,000. Ti?e Aus?
trian War Office reported the capt?
ure of 3,200 additional prisoners,
making a total of 33.200 claimed
since the drive began.
American aviators have taken part
in the fighting, wrecking an Aus?
trian supply bridge across the
I The Americana on the Western bat ?
tie front again attacked the Ger.
man lines northwest of Chateau
Thierry, advancing slightly north
of Belleau Wood.
Italian prisoners have been taken on
the West front near Rhehns, the
Berlin War Office states.
A great new German drive against
the British in the West is impend?
ing, according to reports from ob?
Food to Austrians
Trapped by Flood
ROME, June 21.?Austrian airplanes
were compelled to carry provisions to
the Austrian troops that succeeded in
crossing the Piave River and wer? in
danger of starving owing to the flood
which carried away their pontoon
bridges between Zenson and Mustie,
according to a dispatch received here
by the "Giornale d'lulia."
Despite the difficulties that he is en?
countering, General Wurm, the enemy
commander, is attempting to press on,
but all bis efforts are vuin in th? face
of the resistance presented by tb* Ital?
"The Austrian plan becomes plainer
and plainer." says a semi-official note
issued to-day. "The plan is to obtain,
no matter at what price, command or
the Montello, whence they ean hurl for?
ward the divisions accumulated on tea
left bank of the Piave.
"Along the Montebellunu-Susegana
railroad the battle raged all of yester?
day afternoon and nicht. A short sec?
tion of the track which the Austrians