ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
First to Last? the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Partly cloudy to-day. To-morrow fair;
gentle to moderate vari?
Vol. I AX VIH" No? 26,172
The Tribune Anrt'nJ
SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1918
T> # <H"
?rvBnrrrm'ln Grrmter New York sim) t rftUKZ tTCvTS
TWOtftB? commotlnr distance ! Harwliere
Big Reptile Fund
In 16 Banks Here
Cancelled Check? Link
Others in Plot; Most
of Money Raised
in U. S.
To Reveal All
Agrees to Waive Im?
munity and Ap?
pear at Senate
Startling revelations centring |
about the purchase of "The Evening .
Mail" by the Imperial German gov- j
ernmem, continued yesterday. It
was announced that the United
States government contemplated
other .arrests and that investigation i
so far had disclosed that Count von '?
Bernstorff and his financial agent,
Dr. Heinrick Albert, had used six-.
teen New York banks as depositaries
for German funds to be used in j
espionage and propaganda work af- j
ter they left the country.
Alfred E. Becker, Deputy Attor- i
i,ey General, who is directing the in-1
vestigation, said that not $30.000,000
alone had been held in this country ?
for use as a "slush fund" by Ger-1
many, but that much more had been
at the disposition of German propa
Mr. Becker made this statement in j
reply to the demand made by Sena
tor King that the government should
conduct an investigation into the re- !
port that 830,000,000 had been used
here by the pro-German agents for
the purchase of newspapers and for
espionage and propaganda purposes. \
"Such an investigation has been
under way for the last two months,"' '
said Mr. Becker. "It has developed ]
the fact that in New York City alone j
sixteen banks were acting as depos?
itaries for the German slush fund,
which was not only $30,000,000, but !
Most of Fund Raised Here
"Little of this money came from ;
Germany. Most of it was raised :
here by subscriptions to the German ?
war loans and by other methods
which brought subscriptions from
Germans and Austrians.
"We have completed the investiga?
tion of sixteen banks in so far as re?
gards the money held by them. We
are now getting the checks made out
by Count Bernstorff and his financial
agent, Dr. Albert, the paymaster of j
the propagandists. All the checks
?ere drawn to 'Cash' probably to !
conceal their disposition.
"We are calling in the recipients
of these checks and questioning them :
closely in an effort to find out the
final disposition of the money. The i
accounts in these banks were all
closed out when von Bernstorff and!
the agents left the United States."
Rumely Offers to Tell AH
When Dr. Rumely heard that Ser.- |
ator King had suggested the inquiry |
ne sent a telegram to Washington of-1
?wing to waive immunity and give I
whatever testimony the government
Wight desire regarding the transac- :
Interesting light was, thrown on
we career of "The Evening Mail"
under the rule of Rumely by Will
larn Wr. Mills, secretary of the Bu?
reau of Standards and Appeals, who
w?8 city editor of the paper when
the German interests took chargn. |
?r- Mills explained that the real
editorial force of the paper, consist
1g of T. E. Niles, managing editor;
?John C. Cook, the business manager; ?
-? E. Chamberlain, editor in chief,
and himself were forced to resign
He said that when he heard the
Paper was for sale he discussed the :
after with his associates and it was
dee?ded that they would purchase the j
Property. After securing assurance '
tj the required capital from friends,
; '*?? was instructed to see Mr. Stod- i
<wrd regarding the purchase before'
e P^r was bought by Germany, as ;
Was rumored at the time. Mr. Stod- '
Qar<l at the time denied that the;
Paper was for sale.
When the paper was bought hv ;
ur' Rumely Mr. Mills said he and !
,?ther editors watched the pro- '
?j^dings with interest. This was in >
;JUf*. 1917. He added that a week
8 t?r Rumely took charge every o?e
Continued on page six \
U. S. Knows Holders
Of Germany's Bonds
WASHINGTON, July 12:? A
fairly complete list of the holder;:
of German government bonds in
the United States is among the
assets of Secret Service men
lighting German propaganda, it
was said to-day by officials, dis?
cussing the disclosure of the large
holdings of the Busch family
made yesterday by Alfred L.
Becker, New York Assistant At?
Names of nearly 20.000 indi?
viduals are on the list, which
has been built up during the
course of secret investigations
made during the last two years.
A wide distribution was given to
the securities and they were is?
sued in denominations as small
Sinn Feiner, Accused of
Treason, Falters on
The government for the first time
yesterday unmasked its batteries
against Jeremiah A O'Leary, Irish agi?
tator and American citizen, now under
indictment on a charge of treason
against the United States.
All afternoon Assistant United States
Attorney Earl Barnes piled up the .
counts against the Sinn Feiner. ?
"Did you know Sir Roger Casement,
the Irish agitator hanged for hightrea- ;
son in the City of London?
"Did you attempt to start a propa
ganda paper here to be called 'True
American' and to be run by Sir Roger
Casement from ambush?
"Did you publicly liken Sir Roger !
Casement's expedition into Germany
to Benjamin Franklin's expedition to !
France ? j
"Did you call on George Sylvester '.
Viereck, editor of 'The Fatherland,' to ;
solicit his aid in carrying on an Irish- i
American press bureau? I
"Did you try to secure funds for'
your press work through von Bernstorff i
and Count Dumba, the Austro-Hunga
"Did you seek an introduction to.
Dr. Heinrich Albert, paymaster of the;
German propagandists in this coun-l
"Were anonymous conti ?butions to j
your American Truth Society subsc-:
quently made by Dr. Heinrich Albert?"
Admits Nearly All Accusation!-;
Like revolver shots the questions;
(.racked out. Under the volley of them
Jeremiah O'Leary shifted, fidgetted,
cropped his head, ran his hands'
through his hair, hesitated, begged
for time to think. But in the end, |
cither directly or indirectly, lie admit-1
ted practically every accusation mar?
shalled in the District Attorney's long!
With folded arms and tightly com-'
pressed lips he listened, too, to the!
prosecutor's reading of fiery extracts
i rom his own writings and speeches. ,
"If Ireland were at Helgoland to?
day, instead of where she is, there
would be no England. Germany then I
would have an ally that, unlike Italy,,
would not forsake her."
"Now ?a the time for Germans and ?
Irishmen to cement their friendship." :
"All the world knows now that the1
stories of German atrocities in Bel- ?
gium are falsified stories."
"If the United States should, by any!
chance, go to war against Germany it
would do something far more inhuman
than anything the German submarine
warfare has done, when a war can be
??voided by simply ordering American
citizens to keep off belligerent muni?
tion ships.'' '
"Did you say that?" the prosecutor
challenged as he completed each ex?
tract. And in every case Jeremiah
O'Leary answered: "Ves, sir, I did."
Once, when the District Attorney
was reading a poem of the witness's
composition?a iong parody of "Colum?
bia, Gem of the Ocvan," which bristled
with bitter denunciation of America's
part in the war- O'Leary, from the
stand, sternly corrected him when he
read the wort! "breast" where it !
should have been "heart."
Admits Bidder Letter
L.iter, when asked if the phrase
"That whelp Mitchel," read from his )
notorious letter to Bernard Bidder, re?
ferred to the late Major Mitchel,
"You know very well whom it re
ferred to, Mr. Barnes. It referred to !
the grandson of the great Fenian !
leader, John Mitchel."
This was the letter which, made pub- !
lie by Postmaster General Burleson i
.some time ago, contained the phrase "I !
would rather take a crun and shoot my- i
self than tight alongside of any Brft
;.-% ." together with an envenomed I
arraignment of the American and pro- !
fessedly loyal German-American rftti- I
During its reading, which occupied a,
Continued on page six
Coal or Drink
Put to Wilson
Fuel Producers Unanimous
in Demanding National
Prohibition at Once
Stand Approved by
Liquor Said To Be Robbing
Miners of 40 Per Cent
By Theodore M. Knappen
WASHINGTON, July 12. ? Coal or
? booze is the alternative that has been
; put squarely up to President Wilson
; and Congress by the National Coal As?
sociation and the fuel administration.
The National Coal Association an?
nounced to-day that "a definite pro?
gramme for increased coal production,
placed formally before the United
States Fuel Administration as the best
thought of the industry, carries with
it the recommendation that nation
| wide prohibition be put into effect at
The association represents bitumi?
nous coal operators with an annual pro?
duction of 400,000,000 tons, and at a
meeting of its production committee
held here recently and attended by
. coal men from all sections of the coun?
try, it was unanimously decided that
? the chief hope of obtaining a large iri
. crease of coal production lay in keep
! ing liquor away from the minors.
The resolution, which was trans?
mitted to President Wilson by the Fuel
: Administrator Dr. Gariield, is well
; known to be in accord with the latter'?
', views, and is said to have made a deep
impression, on President Wilson, who
! is now represented as being willing to
| do anything he can to bring about na- j
'< tional prohibition for the period of
| the war at the earliest possible mo- :
nient. Every member of Congress was ;
notified of the association's position
two days ago, and many have already
. responded expressing their approval of
: its stand.
The coal operators are not satisfied
with the Gore amendment to the food
stimulation act which would cut off
wine, beer and whiskey on December
31 next, but want steps taken to elirni- .
nate. them immediately, so the miner
can swing into increased coal produe- i
tion at the most favorable time of the
year for operations.
All Fears Allayed
The fuel administration has been '
afraid that any intimation it. was work?
ing for prohibition would have a bad
effect on the disposition of the miners
toward it, but the coal association
.says that Frank Farrington, president
of the United Mine Workers for the
State of Illinois, is in favor of pro?
hibition and has so informed Dr. Gar?
iield and President Wilson, as well as
the Illinois members of Congress.
The text of the committee's recom?
mendation to the President and Con?
gress is as follows:
"Regardless of political affiliations of
the members of the association, and
leaving out of consideration the moral
issues involved, and basing its opinion
entirely on economic and patriotic
grounds, the committee unanimously
and unqualifiedly believes that national
prohibition for the period of the war
is absolutely necessary to make effec?
tive this or any other plan for in?
creased coal production. ? comparison
of the records of production of mines
in wet and dry territories furnishes
ample proof of the need of prohibition.
The various instances cited to you to?
day need not be repeated here, but they
typify the experience of operators
throughout the entire country."
In their statement to the public the
coal operators say that nation-wide
prohibition during the war is absolute?
ly essential to make effective any plan
for speeding up the mines sufficiently
to get the 100,000,000 additional tons
of coal the country will require this
winter. In fact, the coal men say it is
a straight case of giving up booze now
or gettinir along without coal next win?
ter, and they don't know how it will be
possible to deprive all *^e miners of
drink without depriving the whole,
country of it.
All for Prohibition
"Our committee," said Chairman A.
R. Hamilton, "is composed of practical
operating men, representing all the
principal producing districts of the
country. They are men of all shades
of personal opinion. Some come from
wet states, some from dry states and
some from states partly wet and partly
dry. They all told their stories and
presented their figures to show not
onlv the relative efficiency of the mines
as between wet and dry states, but the
difficulties of working out any practical
benefits from drink restriction along:
the border line between wet and dry
territory. The result was a determined
and unqualified stand for national pro?
"The committee feels that the drink
ine evil has become so rampant in the
mininpr communities that its complete
elimination is fundamentally necessary
in the effort to sneed un the mines
sufficiently to get the 100,000.000 addi?
tional tons of coal this country will re?
quire this year. It is now un to Con
cress to make a clean-cut choice be?
tween hooze for the mining communi?
ties and coal for the war and the pub?
Always a source of demoralization
of the coal industry, the riotous pros?
perity that has come to the miners
with the high wages 'ind the unlimit?
ed opportunity for employment that.
war has brought to them has made
drinking the chief impediment to ex?
pansion of production. In every min-,
ing community where the sale of in?
toxicants is permitted, saloons and,
drinking clubs and associations
abound. The miners "bowl up" Sat-'
urday night and Sunday and either:
put in Monday bracing up or appear!
at the mines with paralyzing "hang?
overs." Besides, they resort to the
cheering bowl as occasion offers?and'
it always offers ? through the week.,
The men thus not only lose much time. |
but their effectiveness when they do'
work is greatly impairrd and thev are1
kept in en unsound mental condition.,
Open to Allies
| Chancellor Tells Reichstag
! of Germany's Yearning
for End of War
Made to Germany
j Admits Grave Doubts Exist
I Concerning "Situation Pre?
sented in Russia
LONDON. July V2. Debate on the
; general political situation was opened
! in the Reichstag Thursday by Imperial
; Chancellor von Hertlinr;. who discussed
! the retirement of Dr. Richard von
j Kuehlmann, the German Foreign Sec
I retary, the foreign policy of the gov*
i eminent and the economic problems
? which had arisen because of recent de
| velopments in the East. According to
i a Geimnn official wireless message re
i ceived here, the Imperial Chancellor
! "I maintain the standpoint of the im
! perial reply to the peace note of Pope
! Benedict. The pacific spirit which in
: spired this reply has also inspired me.
At the time, however, I added that this
spirit must not give our enemies free
conduct for an interminable continua
1 tion of the war.
"What have we lived to see, however?
While for years there can have been
! no doubt whatever of our willingness
! to hold out our hand toward an hon?
orable peace, we have heard until these
last few days inciting speeches deliv?
ered by enemy statesmen. President
Wilson wants war until we are de?
stroyed, and what Mr. Balfour, the
British Secretary of State for Foreigi.
Affairs, has said, must really drive the
flush of anger to the cheeks of every
Insults. He Says
"We feel for the honor of our father?
land, and we cannot allow ourselves to
bo constantly and openly insulted in
this manner. Behind these insults is
the desire for our destruction. As long
as this desire for our des^rv^ficn ex?
ists we must endure, together with our
" "I am also convinced?I know it
that in the widest circles of our na?
tion the same serious feeling exists
everywhere. As long as the'desire for
our destruction exists we must hold
out, and we will hold out, with con?
fidence in our troops, in our army and
administration and our magnificent
nation, which bears so wonderfully
these difficult times with their great
privations and continuous sacrifices.
"In the direction of our policy
nothing will be changed. IT, in spite of
these hostile statements by these !
statesmen, any serious efforts for a
paving of the way to peace were to
show themselves anywhere, then, quite
certainly, we would not adopt a nega?
tive attitude from the very beginning,
but we would examine these seriously
meant?I say expressly seriously -ef?
forts immediately with scrupulous care.
"Naturally, it is nut sufficient when
some r.ire:.' or oilier approaches us ".ml
says to us, T can bring about peace
negotiations, then and there,* But il i,; ;
necessary for the appointed repre?
sentatives of the enemy powers, duly ;
authorized by their governments, to I
give us to understand that discussions j
are possible. Discussion at the time |
being naturally will be within a lim- j
Discussed Before Kaiser
"Bui the statesmen who have spoken
up to the present time have not said a
word about such possibilities. When
such possibilities manifest themselves, ;
and when serious inclinations toward !
peace show themselves on the other;
side, tiien we will immediately go into 1
them. That is to say. we will not re?
ject them.and we will speak, to begin,
within a small circle.
"I also can tell you that this stand?
point is not merely my own standpoint,
but that it is shared emphatically by ?
ihn chief of the army administration.
The chief of the army administration
also does not conduct war for the sake
of war, but has said to ma that as soon :
:.s serious desir<* for peace manifests
itself on the other side we must follow
"You will be interested to know how
we are working on this standpoint, and
certain problems will appear which the
present time forces upon us. Exhaust?
ive discussions took place regarding
these questions on July 1 and 2 at gen?
eral headquarters under the presidency
of the Kaiser.
"Naturally, I can only announce here
quite generally the lines which were
laid down at that time. Regarding the
East, we stand on the basis of the peace
of Brest-Litovsk, and we wish to see
this peace carried out in a loyal man?
ner. That is the wish of the German
imperial administration, and it is sup?
ported in this by the chief of the army .
Uncertain About Russia
"However, the difficulty of the exe?
cution of the peace of Brest-Litovsk
does not lie on our side, but in the
fact that conditions in Russia are still
exceedingly uncertain. We are in?
clined to believe in the loyalty of the
present Russian government, and espe?
cially in the loyalty of the representa?
tive of the Russian government in Ber?
"But we may not and cannot assume
unconditionally that the present Rus?
sian government has the power to carry
through'everywhere the loyal promises
made to us. We do not at all wish to
create difficulties for th^ present Rus?
sian gqvernment, but as conditions now
are there are incessant developments
and endless frictions in the frontier
region. However, our principle its that
we stand on the basis of peace made
at Brest-Litovsk, and we will carry out
this peace loyally, and will deal loyally
with the present government.
"They are still under the depressing
influence of a terrible crime in Mos?
cow. The murder of our ambassador ,
there was an act in violation of inter- j
Continued on page fo-ur
Voch Gains in 1
*%?f%?W TiedF*! wy
nt in Balkans
AND HE THOUGHT IT WAS GOING TO BE SO EASY
M. Tchernoff, Social Revo?
lutionist Leader, at Head
of Many Bands
LONDON, July 12. M. Tchernoff, a
leader of the Russian Social Revolu?
tionists, is marching on Moscow at the
head of a numerous band of unarmed
peasants, says a dispatch from Stock?
holm to the Paris "Matin." Part of his
force has arrived in (lie outskirts of
the Bolshevik capital.
A dispatch received in Paris on July
9 reported that M. Tcin'rnoff and 'hrec
other members of the Kerensky Cabi?
net had been arrested in Moscow as
alleged leaders of a revolt against the
Bolsheviki. German reports have de?
clared that the Social Revolutionists
were responsible for the abortive re?
German official circles are of the
opinion, says a Berlin dispatch to the
"Rheinische Westfaelische Zeitung," of
Essen, that in the event of civil war
breaking out in Russia the vital in?
terests of Germany would force her to
act on her own account in order to
eject the British in the north.
The reference here is evidently to
the Murman coast region, where Allied
forces have been landed for the pro?
tection of supplies sent to Russia by
Japanese Not Feared
Intervention by Japan in Siberia,
adds the dispatch, is regarded as of
secondary importance, because Russia,
having no interests divergent with
those of Japan, would soon succeed i:i
arriving at an understanding with her.
Germany's claim for indemnity from
Rusr.ia amounts to the round sum of
7,000,00o,00u rubles ($3,500,000,000 al
par of exchange), according to a report
printed in the Benin "Vossische Zei?
tung" of the work done by the mixed
commission named to take up consider?
ation of claims growing out of the
conclusion of the Brest-Litovsk peace.
This commission has concluded it =
sessions, during which the German
representatives, says the newspaper,
presented claims aggregating the
amount named for war damages. Im
Continued on page four
Germans Try to Make
Belgium an Austria
AMSTERDAM, July 12.?Gen?
eral Earon Friedrich von Falken?
hausen, the German Governor
General of Belgium, ha-: declared,
says the "Hamburger Nachrich?
ten," that Belgium shall lie turned
into a federal state on the lines of
Flanders and Walloon, the
newspaper adds, will live sepa?
rately under one king or a presi?
dent under German control.
Bill for $2.40
It Would Place an Addi?
tional Burden of $387,
000,000 on Consumers
WASHINGTON', July 12.?In vetoing
the $28,000,000 annual agricultural ap?
propriation bill because of its amend?
ment fixing the government guaranteed
minimum wheat price at $2.40 a bushel,
the President informed Congress to-day
that he tlid not believe the farmers of
America "depend upon a stimulation of
price to do the utmost to serve the
nation and the world at this time of
Tii*. President .-aid the patriotic
spirit of the farmers has been "worthy
of all praise and has shown them play?
ing a most admirable and gratifying
part in the full mobilization of the re?
sources of the country." He added
that the bumper crop.*! they have raised
this year have relieved "the anxiety of
the nations arrajed against Germany
with regard to their food supplies."
Congress was "urther informed that
the President did not believe such in?
elastic price provisions as contained in
the bil? could be administered in a way
thai .vould be advantageous to the pro?
ducer and consumer, because they es?
tablish arbitrary levels which are quite
independent of the normal market con?
ditions. The administrative method in
fixing prices, lie said, has been entirely
satisfactory and should be continued.
Whole World Involved
A fixed minimum price >if $2.40 a
bushel, the President said, would in?
crease the pi ice of flour from SIO.^O to
Continued on page nine
'Survivors of Manx King,
Taken July 6 Near Cape
AN ATLANTIC PORT. July 12.?A
I German submarine, appearing 1100 miles
| off Cape Race on July 6. captured the
Norwegian bark Manx King and or?
dered the crew of nineteen to take to
1 'he boats, it was learned to-night when
. the survivors were brought here on a
British steamship which picked tbem
up at sea. m
The survivors said they did not know
what became of the bark, whether she
; was sunk or converted into a raider by
The Manx King, which is a vessel of
1.7'?9 gross tons, left a United State-;
Atlantic port about two weeks ago.
She is the first craft which has been
reported as encountering a U-boat so
far north in the Atlantic.
The crew explained that they becamr
excited at meeting a submarine and
they promptly obeyed the order tc
abandon the bark. Pulling away rap
idly, they were overtaken by darknes1
before seeing what disposition hac
been made o? the vessel.
The Manx King was built at Stock
ton, England, in 1884 by the Richard
son Dock Company. She was regis
tered at Fredrikstad as owned by T
Wilhelms and Axel Jacobsen and wa:
commanded by Captain Ilelgesen.
Archie Roosevelt May
Be Invalided Home
Operation Is Performed t<
Relieve Paralysis of Arm
Hit by Shrapnel
PARIS. July 12. Captain Archi
Roosevelt, who was twice wounded b
shrapnel last March, has undergone a
operation for the purpose of readjus
ing the nerve? in his left arm, whic
was partly paralyzed!.
He has been transferred to the ho
pital at Neuilly. He is cheerful an
resents the prospect of being invalide
I v>omp. which is a rogsibilitv.
Ludendorff Is Driven
Back at Two Points;
Three Towns, 500
Line in Champagne
in Balkans Again
The French armies have again
thrown the enemy back in two en?
gagements on widely separated
sectors of the West front.
In Picardy the French attacked
early yesterday on a three-mile
front between Caste] and Mailly
Rainevai, southeast of Amiens,
driving the Germans back a mile
and a quarter to near the line of
the Avre River, capturing the
village of Caste] and Annchin
Farm, and taking mon than 50C
On the west wing of the Champagn?
salient the French occupied l.oii^
pont and the Javage far:n
Allied attacks on the right of th<
active Balkan front have resulte;
in the capture of the city o
Berat and forced the enemy t
fall back more than ten mil?
one day's fighting.
The French on the right capture
all the ground between the T<
morica and Devoli rivers, excej
the heights dominating their coi
fluence. Four hundred Austria)
were taken prisoner by t!
Secretary of War Baker expressi
belief that the German high cor
mand is encountering obstac!
which force a delay in renewal
the offensive on the West froi
These obstacles include the tie
man internal condition and t
growing .strength of the Allii
American army officers believe.
French in Picardy
Advance Over Mile,
Taking 500 Germ?t
LONDON, July 12.?The Fren
have again attacked the Germ
lines in two widely separated s<
tors, and have thrown the enei
back for new gains, the War Office
Paris stated to-day.
In Picardy this morning a brillii
surprise attack on a three-mile fr<
between Castel and Mailly-Raine\
southeast of Amiens, netted an ;
vanee of a mile and a quarter. 1
French captured the town of Gas
and threw the Germans back to n<
the line of the Avre River.
They also occupied Auchin Fa
and several strongly fortified \y
tions. More than live hundred p:
oners have already been counted.
(This French advance is just no
of the American positions at ("
tigny, northwest of Montdidier.)
On the west wing of the Chi
pagne salient, where continu
Allied attacks against the Gerr
lines since the halt of the en?
thrust to the Marne have resulte,
numerous gains, the French attac
last night east of Villers-Cotte
Forest, captured the village of Lc
pont and the Javage Farm.
In their advance yesterday soi
west of Merris, the British took
There have been importan rai?
operations along the front to-,
especially in Flanders and in the
Valley. Prisoners were taken by
British in patrol operations no
east of Merris and near Mount Y
mel. A few prisoners were take
the Somme region.
A Single Front Froi
Adriatic to Salon
i H<i The AtKoeiat'-d I'rei?)
ROMP:, Thursday, July 1
Italian and Allied troops in AU
and Macedonia have succeede
perfecting a single front exter
from the Adriatic Sea to Sale
on the .iCgean Sea. a distant,
some 200 miles, according tc
latest reports published here to
British monitors and Italia:
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