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ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISE D IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. IXXVIII No. 26,173
^tLWW^^^^ C^_-?x j. _ r
fjggj f5 Last?the Truth:
Th? Tribun? AM*n]
Editorials - Advertisements
Fa fr to-day and to-morrow: wtoientia
??rthweat to west winds, becoming
?? Pace IT
SUNDAY. JULY 11, 1918-SEVEN PARTS?FIFTY-EIGHT PAGES
U.S. to Honor
Entire Country to Join
in Celebration of
Words of Cheer
Pa?i??!.* and Jusserand
To Be Speakers at
New York Rally
as Day ? Climax
\ ?: bute to I ' ' rougl
? ne piril of in
.1 over, will tu
' ? ted State?
Day v. > I
? ,' onalitlc
? ? lojftlty to thi
' . ice, !i
\ni( i i
ran Rag ;l : ( c n n : .1*''
nee of | ? ?otic rites 1
n n ? he l" rene
y, there will be COI
. : y the expressif
? ntiment ?towat
1 e in ? ? ? meeting i
"' ! ? ? evening al Madia?
. ?-. G where represent
ives of Prem h and other Allieal go
? rnments \\ exch ngi greeting's
Daniel? to Read Message
SttU-tary Of the Navy Daniel:, wi
?un? from Washington a? the we
-onn' ?vi Pi
Witn lu reads the won
whuh the Pn dent is sending as h
?pedal n ? France on hi
diy there will be sent across the s<
to this counti
!'? care, from Ge
and ' ' om Mar liai Joffv
The celebration of Bastille Dt
I only to that of oi
own '!.i\ of free om, A '.ready mo
than 00 1 ve arranged fo
1 to-day. In t
militar*, .? d 1 a\ a] ital ions of t'
counl ' ? cises will be 0
? of thi' Secretar:
of \.?'. v and N*? m. In the trench
emoniec will be carri
nut General Pershing ha" cab]
'hat everything which France did
honor the United States his :*ioldic
will repay to the utmost.
Blue Devil Chaplain to Spei
New '1 'ti.ratinn will bee
with special church services in t
morning. AI the church of St V
cent de Fan!, Twenty-third Str<
?nil Sixth Avenue, a French hero
ihr war. L'Abb? Cabane], who is t
chaplain of the "Blue Devils," u
preach the sermon.
Early in the afternoon n series
pectacular aerial tlomonstratic
take place from the Buttery
honkers. Under the direction
* aptain Boyriven of the Fren
aviation forces, who has charge
> I the French military fliers in t
w-ontry, airplanes of Franco, It;
and America will he ?-ont over 1
city to drop intertwined French ;i
American flags over the scenes
I'elfbralion ;:n(l placards hearing I
message, "Greetings from Ameru
and French aviators, united now ?
forever." At 4:30 p. m. the airplai
wiU man?uvre directly over
?Hatuc of Joan of Arc, on River?
''rive, where a large open-air m
me-etitiK" will be in progress.
To Fly Under Bridges
A feature of the day will be
attempt by Captain Boyriven,
French aviator, to fly under the f
r.ast River bridges. Driving a
??aviland 'plane, equipped with T
Pr*y motors, the airman, an instr
tor at the flying field at Mine
W?11 dive under the Brooklyn, M
hattan and Williamsburg spans.
w''l then fly oxer the Qucensh
nrifige, and, reversing his eou
dip under that structure, on his 1
down the river.
At the Joan of Are statue,
Ninety-third Street and Riven
D',ive, the largest outdoor celel
?'on will be held at 4 o'clock,
dresses will be made by Faul F>.
fett, officer of the Legion of Hoi
->>"? Charles A. Downer, presic
of the French Alliance, and J
Continued on page eight
Bastille Day Tribute
Cabled by President
WASHINGTON, July 13.?
President Wilson to-niaht sent the
following Bastille Day messacre to
"America ??-recta Franc on this
lay of stirring memories with a
heart, full of warm friendship and
o? d?votion to the great cause in
which the two people nre now so
happily united. July Fourteenth,
like our own July Fourth, has
taken on a now significance not
only for France but for the world.
As France celebrated our Fourth
of July, no do we c?l?br?t? her
Fourteenth, keenly conscious of a
comradeship of arms and of pur
pOM of which we nre deeply
"Tie s?a .sec ins very narrow to?
da] , France is so close a neighbor
to our heart** The war is being
rough! to iave ourselves from in?
tolerable things, but. it is also be?
ing fought to save mankind. We
extend our hands to each other,
to the great peoples with whom
vie nre associated, and to the peo?
ples everywhere who love rigbjt
and prize justice as a thine be?
yond price, and consecrate our
?elves once more to the noble en
terprise of peace and justice, real
Izing the great conceptions that.
have lifted Prance and America
high iimonjj* the free peoples of
"The French (lag flies to-day
from the stiff of the White House,
and America is happy to honor
that flag "
Death Is Once
Field Marshal Said to Have
Expired Following Row
Hy Th* Atttor-.ated Prats)
AMSTERDAM, July 13.?Field Mar?
shal von Hindenburg is dead, accord?
ing to the newspaper "Lea Nouvelles."
llis death is said to have occurred af?
ter ?? stormy interview with the (1er
man Emperor :*t ('rent Headquarters at
?."?pa. Th;* Emperor and the field mar
j shal are declared to have had serious
difference! of opinion concerning the
(."rman offonsive toward Paris. The
field marshal died from congestion of
The violent interview he! ween von
Hindenburg and Emperor William oc?
curred on May 16, "Leg Nouvelles"
says. It was followed by an apopler
I tie stroke which ultimately resulted in
i the field marshal's dead).
The newspaper says it?- information
? was obtained "from good (sources in
the occupied district of Belgium."
frequent Death Reports
, In the lust six months there have
been several rumors of the death of
Field Marshal von Hindenburg, and
.'here have been many reports that he
I has been in poor health. A dispatch
received in London Friday from The
Hague quoted a Dutch traveller from
Germany as declaring that a report
that the field marshal was ill and un
? able to participate in the work at
army headquarters had spread all over
Germany. German newspapers were
? not permitted to mention the rumor.
? The traveller added that General Lu
dendorfF, the first quartermaster gen?
eral, had taken over the field marshal's
?duties, as chief of the General Staff.
Keeping step with reports of the
1 field marshal's health have been dis?
patches from Germany indicating that
the field marshal and the Fmperor had
1 had disagreements concerning the Ger?
man offensive movement in the West.
Humored Mind Was Failing
Late in May Field Marshal von Hin?
denburg was reported ill with typhoid
fever at Strassburg. The field mar-'
Ishal, on June 18, was reported hv the
"Tribune," of Geneva, to be suffering
from an ac\ite nervous disease. The
newspaper declared it had learned from
a reliable source that his mental capa?
city was much affected and that he
was confined in a private sanatorium. It
lidded that the field marshal had taken
no responsible part in the offensive on
the Western front..
At the outbreak of the war Field
Marshal von Hindenburg was a general
in retirement. H? was credited with |
evolving and carrying out the campaign
against the Russians in Fast Prussia
which resulted in the serious Russian
defeat at, Tannenberg, for which he
was promoted to field marshal. He
continued to command the German I
.forces on the Russian front, until
'August oO, 19tn, when he was appoint?
ed chief of the General ?Staff, in sue-I
! cession to General von Falkonbayn.
When he became chief of the General ?
Staff General Ludendorff, who had act- !
ed as his chief of staff on the Russian \
front, came with him as his right
band man, with the title of chief quar- !
Field Marshal Paul Rcnock-^ndorff ;
und von Hindenburg was seventy years
old last Scntember 28.
The newspaper "Les Nouvelles."
which reports the death of the Gorman
leader, is a newspaper in the French .
language published at The Hague.
Germans Kill Five in
Brussels Food Riot
<r,<j The United Press)
AMSTERDAM, July 13.?A serious (
riot broke out in the Brussels mar-,
l:et Wednesday as a result of German j
officers requisitioning vegetables, ac?
cording to advices received here to-day.I
German soldiers killed five peasants
*uid injured fifteen.
Foch Advances Line in France at ?_* Points;
U.S. Has! ,100,000Men Abroad, Says March
FOR THE FLAG! FOR VICTORY!
lfn Jour, de Ar/?>. <nyyt>^ ??? ?^/^iir&c^^^
tordus ?4ms te sang* dans :te$ <feY7?i?e^ <&i^^
One clay, from Paris to the humblest village, storms of acclamation will welcome our conquering standards, wrung in blood
and in tears, torn by shells, the magnificent apparition of our glorious dead.?From the Ministerial Declaration of November
Of Wire Lines
Senate Passes House Bill to
Take Over Telephones
WASHINGTON, July 13. Congress
to-night granted President Wilson's re?
quest for authority to take over and
operate telegraph, telephone, cable and
radio lines. By a vote of, 46 to 16?the
minority all Republicans the Senate
adopted without amendment the House
resolution granting such power for the
peiiod of the war.
The resolution will be signed by the
presiding officers of the Senate and
House and transmitted to the Presi?
All attempts to amend or modify the
Administration measure, which passed
the House July f* by a vote of 221 to
4, were defeated at h session lasting
until H o'clock to-niprht. Amendments
by Senator Watson, of Indiana, to ex?
cept telephones and press wires from
the resolution were defeated, respec?
tively, 11 to 20 and HO to 2!. An
amendment by Senator Gore, of Okla?
homa, Democrat, to limit action regard?
ing telephones to long distance wires
was voted down, while an amendment
by Senator Reed, of Missouri, de?
signed to insure unrestricted public
use of facilities, was twice rejected.
Senators voting for the Watson
amendment to exempt telephone wires
from the operation of the resolution
?were Borah, Brandegee, Curtis, Fer
nnld, France, Frelinghuysen, Hale, Har?
ding, Kellogg, Knox, Lenroot, McCum
ber, New-, Penrose, Sherman, Smith
?i Michigan), Snioot, Sterling, Wads
worth and Watson.
Congress was asked to pass the leg?
islation last week and the President's
insistence upon immediate action up?
set plans for a long recess last Sat?
urday nightv Secretaries Baker and
Daniels and Postmaster General Hur
leson appeared before the House Com?
mittee to urge action as a military
necessity, the War and Navy Depart?
ments heads declaring the government
should control communication systems
to protect military secrets and insure
prompt handling of government mes?
A call for a strike of Western Union
operators, cancelled Monday by union
officials, was mentioned frequently in
the debate, but played virtually no part
in determining the nction of Congress.
Republican opposition to the measure
was based largely on the contention
that, no military necessity had been
shown, and on objection to what was
Continued on next parje
Coiled in the Flag, Hears-s-s-s-t
William of Prussia's paper and
William Randolph Hearst'*?; ?
Parallels in Editorials and Car?
toons showing how the policies of
the Kaiser-controlled "Evening
Mail" were supported by "The
New York American," by Ken?
neth Macp-owan, Part III, Page 1.
Will Be Used Only as Peace
Parley Pawn, Chan?
COPENHAGEN, July 13.- -Denial that
Germany intended to retain Belgium
was made by Count von Hertiing, the
German Imperitil Chancellor, in the
course of his speech before the Reichs?
tag Main Committee on Thursday.
"The present possession of Belgium
only means that we have a pawn tor
future negotiations," the Chaneelloi
said. "We have no intention to keep
Belgium in any form whatever.
"Wha't we precisely vant. as ??x
pressed by us on February _4," the
Chancellor continued, "is that after the
war restored Belgium shall as a self
dependent .?--t?te not be subject to any?
body as a vassal and shall live with us
in good, friendly relation*?.
"I have held this point of view from
the beginning in regard to Belgium anil
! still hold it to-day. This side of my
policy is fully in conformity with the
general lines the direction of which I
yesterday clearly laid before you.
"We arc waging th.? war as a war of
aioa't nee. as we have done from the very
beginning, and every imperialistic ten?
dency and every tendency to world
domination hai been remote from our
"W'hRt we v.nnt is the inviolability of
oui territory, open air for the expan
sion of our people in the economic do?
main and, naturally, also security in
regard to the future. This is complete?
ly in conformity with my point of view
in regard to Belgium, but how this
point of view can be established in de?
tail depends upon future negotiations,
and on this point 1 am unable to give
Speech on Belgium
LONDON. July 13.?Contradictions
of policy among the German officials
seemingly has another illustration in
the manner rf the publication of the
statement made by Count von Hertling,
the German Imperial Chancellor, re?
The German wireless service yester?
day put out. a long report of Chancel?
lor von Hertling's speech, which ig?
nored all reference to Belgium. It gave
a full report of the Chancellor's dis?
cussion of Russia and continued:
"In connection with this point the
Imperial Chancellor'passed in review
the political situation in the West."
The natural inference seem3 to be!
that whatever officials issued the wife?
less version, they did not want Count !
von Hertling's statements regarding'
the West circulated. There,was much!
curiosity here regarding this part of!
hia speech which was omitted. ? !
Count Hertling's speech in thej
Reichstag last Thursday, says "Le I
Matin," according to a dispatch from'
Paris to-day. was one of the most awk?
ward attempts of its kind. "L'Homme!
Libre,1' Premier Clemenceau's organ,!
writing in a similar vein, wonders if I
it ie not the German Chancellor's last
spr.-ch before hia downfall.
The p:mn?r?s in Chancellor von Hert- '
ling's speech dealing with Belgium i
which were telegraphed to Copenhagen :
apparently were issued by some other '?
Continued on page seven
4,102 Enemy 'Planes
Shot Down in Year
(By The United Pur sa)
LONDON, July 13.?British air?
men brought down 4,102 hostile ma?
chines during the year ending July
1, the British Press Buneau an?
nounced tonight. During the same
period the British lost 1,186 'planes.
"During the year ending July 1,
British airmen on the West front
destroyed 2,150 hostile airplanes and
drove do\wi 1,083 out of control," the
"In the same period naval avia?
tors, cooperating, shot down 623.
The total of ours missing was 1,186.
"On the Italian front, during the
last quarter, the British destroyed
165 enemy 'plane3 and drove down
six out of control; on the Sal?nica
front, in the last half year, we de?
stroyed twenty-one and drove down
thirteen; in Egypt and Palestine,
from March to June, we destroyed
twenty-six and drove down fifteen.
"Records show that British air
superiority is continuously pro?
gressive, wherefore it is safe to as?
sume that when America's output
is effective, the Allies wiil have a
very great advantage."
13 Army Corps
American Military Pro?
gramme Completed in <
Half Time Scheduled
WASHINGTON, July 13.?Reduction
, by half of the time originally estimat
I ed to put America's first field army in
i France was disclosed to-day with the
i formal announcement by General
March that three full army corps had
; been organized by General Pershing
! and that the number of soldiers sent
' overseas now numbered more than
The eighteen divisions composing the
1 three corps, consisting of four regular,
i nine National Guard and five National
| Army divisions, probably will compose
the first, army, which, with supple
I mental army troops, such as heavy ar
; tillery, will total 1,000,000 men.
Instead of one field armv on January
; 1, 1919, as originally planned, it now
] appears probable that two such armies
j will be operating jn France by that
! date, backed by full American-built and
j maintained supply lines. The great
i project of establishing the American
! r.rmy as the right flank of the battle
line will then be within sight.
Military Programme Clear
! General March said organization of
? the first field army had not yet been
completed. The formation of the three
corps, however, and his announcement
that troop movements to France were
! proceeding at the same astonishing rate
?that has been the rule for the last
three months made the American mili?
tary programme clear.
Each corps contains from 225.000 to
l 250,000 men. Major General Hunter
I Liggett, temporarily commands the
?First Corps; the two other command-1
; ers have not been selected, but when
i the corps commanders finally are se?
lected they will have the rank of
Make Up of Corps
The first army corps. General
March announced, comprises the fol?
lowing: First Division, regulars, com- j
manded by Major General Robert L. I
Bullard; 2d Division, regulars. Major !
General Omar Bundy, 26th National \
Guard, Major General Clarence R. Ed- \
wards; 42d National Guard ?Rainbow)^
Major General Charles T. Menhor;
?list National Guard (Sunset), Major ?
General Hunter Liggett; ,"?2d National !
Guard (Michigan and Wisconsin),
Major General W. G. Haan.
Second Corps, 77th National Army
(New York troops). Major General
George B. Duncan, ,'J?t h National
Guard (Kansas and Missouri troops),]
Major General William M. Wright;
82d National Army (Alabama. ___rgia
and Tennessee), Major General Will?
iam E. Burnham, 30th National Guard
(Tennessee, North Carolina, South
Carolina and District of Columbia
troops). Major General George W.
Read; 28th National Guard (Pennsyl?
vania troops). Major General C. H. I
Muir; 4th Division, regulars. Major j
General George H. Cameron.
Third Corps, 3d Division, regulars, i
Major General Joseph E. Dickman; 5th
Division, regular??, Major General John i
E. McMahon; 78th National Army t Del?
ware and New York troops). Major
General J. M. McRae; 80th Division
(Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Vir- ;
ginia troops), Major General Adelbert ?
Cronkhite; 33d National Guard I illi
noia troops), Majtv* General George j
Bell, jr.; 27th National Guard ( New I
York troops), Major General John F. i
50,000 Sent in Week
The rate of transportation of troops!
for July, General March said, was ?
keeping up with previous months. '
More than 30,000 troops were trans- '
ported last week alone.
There is no indication at the War
Department of when the next German
Continued on page three
French Gain 3-4 Mile
in Night Drive South
of Montdidier and
Push On Across
! British in Flanders
Take 118 Captives;
Allies Push On
The French again have advanced
twice by sharp thrusts ag-ainst the
German lines in the West.
Southeast of Montdidier. they pushed
forward more than a quarter of a
mile in night fighting in the region
of the Porte Farm, near the scene
of the failure of the fourth great
Midway on the west wing of the
Champaigne salient, where re?
peated blows since the halt of the
Crown Prince's offensive have
brought considerable gains,' the
French attacked north of Long
pont and despite fierce German re
sistance pushed their way acros?
the Savieres River.
More than COO prisoners were taken
by the French in their capture of
Castel, southeast of Montdiqier, on
Friday, it was announced yester?
British raiding operations in Flan?
ders have netted 118 prisoners.
The new Greman drive in the West
seems near, observers report, and
any hour may show the opening of
the offensive by which Ludendorff
hopes to gain a "German peace."
\ In Albania the French and Italian
i forces have taken more than 2,300
prisoners in their drive. New at?
tacks are being made against the
reorganized Austrian position?
north'Of the Semeni River.
French Hurl Enemy
Back at Two Points
And Score Advances
LONDON*, July 13..The French again
have attacked the enemy's lines at two
points in the West and thrown him
back for gains, the War Office in Paris
Last night they attacked t-Jic, German
line at the tip of the salient driven by
the foe in his fourth attempt this
year, near the point where General
Mangin threw the Germans back across
the Matz in disastrous defeat. They
advanced more than a quarter of a mile
in the region of the Porte Farm.
This morning they struck a heavier
blow on the west wing of the Crown
Prince's salient in the Champagne,
north of the village of Longpont, which
they captured yesterday, and threw
their forces across the Savieres Rivet
where it flows southward through Long?
pont toward the Ourcq. Despite des?
perate enemy resistance, the French
pushed their lines forward and took
nearly twoscore prisoners. ?
In their attack yesterday northwest
of Montdidier, in which they captured
the village of Castel and pushed for?
ward to the heights that dominate the
Avre River to the east, the French took
more than six hundred prisoners, the
War Office in Paris announced to-day.
In Flanders the British forces have
been active, capturing nearly a hun?
dred prisoners in successful thrust*
near Vieux* Berquin and Merris and
losing exceptionally few men them
selves. Field Marshal Haig stated to?
day. Twenty-two more prisoners were
taken in patrol fighting north of
The following communication on
aerial operations was issued by the
War Office to-night:
"Low Ailouds and heavy rainstorm"
provaileJon the Western front July 1'-'.
Knemy aircraft showed no activity and
our own machines could only carry out
observation work for the artillery* dur
ing the brief intervals of brighter
weather. There wer?* no aerial com?
bats or casualties. At night, notwith?
standing the high wind and an over?
cast sky, our airmen made some useful
reconnoissances and dropped four tons
Allies in Albania
Inflict Big Losses
On Foe in Flight
LONDON'. July 13. The Allied
armies in Albania are continuing then
attack.) against, the fleeing Austrians.
inflicting very heavy losses and forcing
the enemy to take up new defensive
positions north of the Semem River.
it wa? officially announced in Rome
and Paris to-day. Since their drive
began, July G. the French and Italian?
have advanced more than twenty mile?
on a front of fifty miles, and have
captured more than 2,300 prisoner?
On the left end of the active battle
front the Italians ar# attacking the
enemy's new line, the Rome War OfMc?
stated. On the French front to the
east, the Austrians have retreated on
a line running through Payluani, Se)
chani. Hill 500, the confhien-e of the