Newspaper Page Text
The Great War?1441st Day
Mbania are resulting in one success '
after another, in spite of the difficult
nature of the country. There are no
road? m the battle zone and communi?
cations are being kept up over the
lucky, precipitous mule paths.
"While the Italians are pushing
along on the western wing and in the
?luirc, where contact is Uing main?
tained with tho French. The French]
.-.re making good progress in the Bofniat
.?pion, by overcoming enemy rcsist
ance and capturing the ridge's of Kos
nitza and the descending slopes.
"The French advance in the valley
oi tin- Tomorica River threatens the
m portant town of Berat, which prob?
ably will be captured in a few days.
Berat has since been taken). The Aus-;
trians no longer are as determined as
they formerly were and surrenders by
them are more frequent, especially)
among the Slavs, who are dead tired:
?;' campaigning in the mountains and'
throw up their hands at the first op-;
portunity. The Austrians are burning
?;. pots and villages which they aban
"All information obtainable is to the
< (Tect that the enemy's position in
Southern Albania is seriously compro?
mised and that there probably will
b a further retreat, in the north, thus
freeing our communications between
Western Macedonia and the Adriatic
British Forge Ahead
In Flanders, Taking
Over 260 Prisoners
LONDON. July 14.?British forces by
a local operation to the east of Dicke
busch Lake, south of Ypres, have ad?
vanced their line some distance and
captured more than 260 prisoners, Field
Marshal Haig announced to-night. On
the remainder of the British front
there have b?--en no contact operations,
r-.lthough tlte artillery fire has been
heavy at more points.
Bad weather continues. This may
have something to do with the delay in
launching the expected German offen?
Artillery fire has been somewhat vio?
lent in the sectors held by the British:
near Albert, Kemmei Hill and Ypres,
and on the French front near Corey.
Twelve enemy airpiar.es were de?
stroyed by tho British on July 13 and
four were driven down <?ut of control.
it is officially announced. Much recon
noissance and observation work was
carried out by the British airmen, and,
tour and ore-half tons of bomb3 were i
?hopped during the day on Cern?an'
The communication said:
"Twelve enemy airplanes were de-'
stroyed by us on .Inly 13 and four wen
driven down out of control, Three of
tur machines are missing.
"A good deal of reconnaissance and
observation work vas carried out by j
our airmen in the line intervals, and
four and a half tons of bombs were I
dropped by them during the day. j
"On the night of July 13-14 our]
bombing- machines were very active.
More than eleven hundred bombs,;
weighing in the aggregate nineteen
runs, were dropped upon enemy camps,
railway lines, trains, transport and
billets. All our night-flying machines
Capt. Roosevelt May
Be Invalided Home
Son of Former President More ;
Seriously Wounded Than
First Reported ,
OYSTER BAY, N. Y? July 14.?That |
t'aptain Archibald Roosevelt was more
severely wounded than reported and,
that there is a likelihood of his being
sent back home have been known to '
Colonel and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt
for several days. Cables from surgeons
attending the captain have been re
ceived, and although not encouraging
in many ways, the Colonel hopes that)
his son will not be invalided home.
About a week ago Colonel Roosevelt
received a cable message from a sur?
geon in which it was stated that Cap-,
tain Archie's left arm was partially ;
paralyzed from the effects of the
shrapnel wounds and that a second'
operation had been performed. The
Rrm was broken, and the. surgeon re- '
ported that the operation was appar?
ently successful, but that the captain
would riot recover the use of his arm.
for many months.
"The exact words." said the Colonel,
"were 'at least eight months.' Since
then we have heard nothing. In letters
which we have received from Archie
since he was wounded the only thing
which is bothering him is the fear that
he will be sent home. He is anxious to
remain with his company. He wrote
that he hoped that he would be able to
return to the front in a reasonable
time, but he apparently did not know
that it would be eight months. He does
r.ot want to be sent home, because he
is afraid that if this happens he will
not be sent back to the front."
The Colonel said that the wound in
Archie's kneecap has been healed, and
that there would be no stiffness, as had
been thought at one time.
Grand Duke Michael
Is Reported at Kiev
Ex-Czar's Brother in Recent
Dispatches Was Said To Be
Leading New Revolt
LONDON, July 14.?-Grand Duke
Michael Alexandrovitch is reported in
a Berlin dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company by way of Copen?
hagen to have arrived at Kiev, the
Grand Duke Michael is a younger
brother of ox-Emperor Nicholas and
was named Regent of Russia when the
Romanoff dynasty was overthrown in
March, 1917. The Grand Duke, how?
ever, declined the Regency and was
exiled by tho Bolshevik! to Perm.
Last month the Grand Duke was re?
ported to have escaped from Perm and
to have placed himself at the head of
tho new Siberian government. On
July :> a dispatch from Amsterdam
quoted the Ukrainian Telegraph Bu?
reau of Kiev as saying that the Grand
Duke ha.i been proclaimed Emperor of
Russia and that he was marching
against Moscow with a force of
Beaumont, French Ace,
Killed in Collision
Biplane of Lieutenant of
Bombing Fame Crashes
into Another Machine
PARIS, July 14. -Lieutenant Marie
Beaumont, a French ace who had taken |
I?art in many bombing expeditions on
the German cities of Essen and Frank?
fort., was killed to-day when his bi?
plane accidentally collided with an?
other machine. The lieutenant had
leen a military pilot since 1913 and1
had received many citations.
Lieutenant Boskadan, a member of I
the Paris Air Defence Service, died to-!
day after a fall while returning on a
flieht from th.- battl?front.
The Official Statements
PARIS, July 14.?The War Office statements to-day said:
NIGHT. There was intermittent artillery activity, especially in the
region of Corey, but no infantry action.
DAY.?In the Champagne French reconnoissance troops executed a num?
ber of raids on the enemy lines and returned with prisoners.
British Rout Raiders Near Locre
LONDON, July !.',..The British War Office to-day gave out the
NIGHT.?By a successful local operation carried out during the early
part of the morning, English troops advanced our line east of Dicken?
busch Lake and captured over 2G0 prisoners.
DAY.?A hostile raiding party was driven off with loss last night east
The hostile artillery has been active northwest of Albert, west of Kom?
me! Hill, and south and southeast of Ypres. Our own artillery has been
active at a number of points.
Italians Repulse Patrol Attacks
ROME, July U,.~The War Office statement lo-day said:
The usual artillery actions were more intense at intervals yesterday
from the Valarsa to the eastern sector of the Asiago Plateau. Our fire dis?
persed moving enemy troops north of Borcola Pass.
At Cornone new attacks by enemy patrols and detachments were
Three enemy airplanes were brought down in air fighting.
Repulsed Attacks Near the Marne, Says Berlin
RERUN. July 1't.? The official communication issued by the War
Office to-day falienes:
DAY.?There was lively artillery activity on the western bank of the
Avre throughout the day. It was revived during the evening on the rest
of the front in conjunction with reconnoitring engagements.
There have been local engagements at the Wood of Villers-Cotterets.
The enemy attacked in the evening west of Ch?teau Thierry, but was san?
guinarily repulsed. The harassing fire at night was lively at times.
Our bombing squadrons made night attacks against, enemy railway
works on the French coast between Dunkirk and Boulogne, at, Abbeville
and in the regions of Lillers, St. Pol, Dullcns and Crepy-en-Valois and at
Start Fires Back
Of German Lines
Gen. Pershing Reports Re?
pulse of Patrol Equipped
With Machine Guns
WASHINGTON. July 14.?General
Pershing's report for yesterday, re?
ceived to-night at the War Department,
said there was nothing of importance
to report on any sectors held by Amer?
ican troops. The statement follows:
"Section A?There is nothing of im?
portance to report.
"Section B- In the Chateau Thierry \
region, July 10 to 11, there was ac?
tivity on both sides, mostly that of in- !
fantry. A German patrol numbering
forty and equipped with light machine
guns opened fire on the American lines j
near Torcy and was driven back, leav- !
ing at least three killed. Our own
patrols were very active. Herman ar- i
ti?lery fire was much lighter than on
the previous day. Few German air- '
planes were in operation. A patrol of i
eight Cern?an 'planes attacked an I
American photographic mission at 8 ?
o'clock in the morning seven kilometres '
behind the German lines.
"The Marne sector experienced a de?
crease in enemy artillery fire and aerial
activity and a slight increase in trans- ',
port movement July 10 to 11. Our ar- '
tillery fire continues very much in ex?
cess of hostile fire. Fires and ex- i
plosions in the vicinity of Jaulonne I
were evidently caused by our artillery. \
An enemy patrol of six men was fired ;
on by our troops and disappeared.
"The Lorraine sector was unusually
quiet to July 9-10, with a decrease in
the enemy's rifle an? machine gun fire
and aerial activitv. There was an :
abnormal movement of men and in?
dications of work in his rear areas.
"In the Woevre on July 8-9 eneinv
machine gun and rifle tire were very
active along the entire sector. The
enemy's anti-aircraft batteries heavily
shelled the Allied 'planes, which per
sistently patrolled the enemy's lines j
all day. German aerial activity was I
"In the Munster sector July 10 Ger?
man machine gun fire was about nor-!
mal, artillery and trench mortar fire i
being exceptionally light. There was'
no aerial activity. Our patrols were ;
very active in reconnoissance.
"The Altkirch sector was very quiet
July 4 Observance
Checked Coal Output
"WASHINGTON, July 14. Observ?
ance of the Fourth of July by miners1
caused bituminous coal production for
the week of July 6 to decrease 2,081,-j
000 tons, or approximately 17 per cent,
according to preliminary reports fur?
nished the United States fuel admin?
istration by the Geological Survey.
The total output, including 'lignite and I
coal made into coke, is estimated at
10,250,000 net tons, as against 12,340,-j
000 net tons, the revised estimates for
the preceding week.
The daily average production, based
upon a live-day week, is estimated at
2,052,000 net tons, which average is
but slightly under that of the previous
Jews From America
LONDON, July 14. A laige meeting
was held in the London Opera House
to-day to welcome an American medical:
unit which is on its way to Palestine.
Lord Rothschild presided. Several well I
known men outlined* the part Jews arc
to play in the future in Palestine.
George Nicoll Barnes, Labor member
of Parliament, said Palestine is to play
a leading part in the uplifting of the j
Eastern peoples. Sir \lfred Mond,
Commissioner of Works, said the Jews
would return to the Holy Land, not.
to monopolize it against ether nation-;
alities, but as co?perators with other]
nationalities for the betterment of the
Named by Horvath
HARBIN, July 14. -General Horvath, j
commander of the anti-Bolshevik '
forces, has appointed a temporary War I
Cabinet for Siberia.
The peasantry everywhere is acclaii i- !
ing the. Czecho-Slovaks, who are the
dominating factors in the situation, and
are anxious for guidance from the
French or the consular body at Vladi?
The Czecho-Slovaks hitherto have re- ?
ce i ved General Horvath's overtures in u I
guarded manner. Minister of War j
Eloog has gone to Vladivostok to ascer- I
frin riio Btnte of feeline there
Fifty Soldiers in
South Beach Riot
Patrolman Is Badly Hurt in
Trying to Arrest Two
of the Party
A police riot call was sent out last
night when a band of fifty soldiers
stationed at Fort Wadsworth, Staten
Island, broke out of quarters against
orders and assaulted and injured seri?
ously a patrolman who tried to arrest,
two of them. Guards from the fort,
assisted by police, rounded up the
men and marched them back. They were
placed in the guardhouse and will be
tried by court-martial to-day.
The fifty men jumped over the fence
surrounding the fort grounds and made
for South H??ach. First they entered
the Happy Home Hotel there and asked
the proprietor, William Pankhurst, for
drinks. On his refusal several of the
uniformed men jumped over the bar,
knocked him down and made a clean
sweeji of the bottles. .
They next went to a hotel only half
a block from the fort and repeated the
performance. Patrolman Walter Henk
ler had seen tiie disturbance, and sent
in a riot call. Then he tried to place
two of tho leaders under artest before
the i'csonos arrive?!.
Henkler went down ln-Sci".- an ava?
lanche- of blows. His jaw v.*is fractured,
his collarbone dislocated and he re?
ceived other bodily injuries, being
taken to the Staten Island Hospital.
Police Inspector Cornelius Cahalane,
accompanied by Sergeant John Hall,
sped by automobile to answer the riot
call. When the refractory soldiers
were captured and marchced back to
the fort Cahalane drove his machine
past the entrance.
The soldiers within greeted him witli
angry shouts, and a number picked up
stones and hurled them at him. The
windshield of the car was shattered by
the missiles, and the officials narrow?
ly escaped serious injury by crouching
low until out of range.
100,000 Cubans Will
Fight in France
Cuba will send an army of 100,000
men to France, of whom 3,000 will be
drafted from New York, according to
Victor Hugo Barranco, a special agen?
hero of the Cuban government, last
Se?<jr Ensebio S. Azpiazu, confiden?
tial secretary to President Menocal,
earlier in the day had received word
from Havana that the- compulsory mil?
itary service bill had been passed, 45
to 26, by the iJuban Congress after
four days of bitterest debate.
"By previous aKreenient," said Se?or
Azpiazu, "a committee consisting of
three Conservatives and an equal num?
ber of Liberals was then appointed tt>
revise the provisions of the bill. The
committee is expected to report on
Monday, when debate will begin on the
"The bill is based on the Chilean law.
As it. now stands, it would make eli
i gible to the draft all the able-bodied
male citizens between the ages of
twenty and thirty. It would he per?
p?tuai in its operation."
At the same time the draft bill was
passed the espionage measure became
This measure has been earnestly ad?
vocated by President Menocal, who see3
in it an effective weapon in aid of the
Old Rumanian Cabinet
May Be Impeached
AMSTERDAM. July 14.-?A motion 1o
impeach the members of the Rumanian
cabinet in power when Rumania en
tcved the war, signed by twenty
Deputies, will be brought before Parlia?
ment on July 1", according to advices
it is charged that Russian troops
Mere permitted to march into Ru?
manian territory without the consent
?if Parliament, certain persons were
authorized to export petroleum and
grain for unjustifiable profit, and great,
quantities of government and private
property were destroyed during the re?
treat without necessity by the govern?
It is also charged that the govern-,
rnent, without consent of Parliament,'
ceded the Rumanian fleet to Russia,
which employed it urder the Russian
The new Rumanian Parliament is
practically a Teuton creation.
Pershing Forms New
Corps of War Police
i By The Associated Press)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE. July 14. A ??oneral order
from headquarters announces the for?
mation of the military police corps, on
the basis of one company of 125 men
and three officers to each division, and
in like proportion to other combatant
troops and sections.
This will insure that the personnel
of the military police will in the future
be especially trained and assigned to
.>,?t -, -.-;,?..
By Long Waitj
Holding Forces' Morale ;
j Breaking Under Constant
Compelled to Fight
On Without Relief
Even Captured Officers Are
Admitting American Aid
Makes Fate Dubious
By Wilbur S. Forrest
(Special Cable to Tho Tribune)
(I'upyrtgli'. 1918, by Tho Tribune Association)
WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES,
July 14.?It is established beyond a
I doubt that the delay in'the German
offensive is reacting on the morale
; of troops holding the advanced lines.
' Prisoners captured during the last
few days admit that line troops,
forced to hold out against constant
Allied thrusts without promise or
: sign of relief, are becoming discour?
Despite the fact that their effec
I tives are being reduced from at
| tacks and constant shellfire, they
i are denied rest or reinforcement by
the higher commands. Captives from
the 84th Division, which was heavily
hit in the dashing French local at?
tack on July ?) in the region of Cha
vigny, have heard persistent rumors
that the next German attack is com?
ing between Rheim.s and Verdun.
Officers a Gloomy Lof
Weight is added to the rumor be?
cause of the knowledge that, the en?
emy has made no serious prepara?
tion to attack generally from the
Aisne southward to Ch?teai"
Thierry, which line the French have
now mastered and organized
While it is not uncommon to line
German soldiers nowadays whose
morale is very low, many Prussiar
officers also have seemingly los'
their usual air of haughtiness. A
Prussian officer, whose unit I wil
not name, for his own protection af
ter the war, surprised his interroga
tors to-day by giving the highes
praise to French soldiers. "The?
are all such fine types of men/' lv
said. Speaking of Americans, In
added: "All of them are good-look
ing young giants. The French hav?
great confidence in the Americans
and, unhappily, their confidence i
not misplaced. With us mo-rale ha
never descended so low. Everythin?
is lacking?everything. Our mei
cannot resist a well directed blow
j They are in no state to hold."
Mass All Available Men
This officer's downcast spiri
should not be construed as any ind
cation either that the German arm
! is defeated or that the war will soo
i be over. On the contrary, it simpl
confirms the belief that Hinder
burg's next, offensive will be th
greatest bid for victory that has ye
German leader.; are using an
abusing their line-holding trooy
beyond all measure, while throwin
all their available strength into tl
shock divisions held in the rear fr
, the order to attack. Undoubted?;
every available man, including thos
who ordinarily would be sent to r?
lieve these sorely tried line division
is now massed for the supreme effo
which will inevitably come.
Paris Changes Man)
Names of Street
PARIS, July 14. The Municip
Council in-day held a reception in l
City Hall for the representatives of t
? Allied powers, on the occasion of t
i changing of the names of several
; the streets in the city in honor
I Allied countries.
, Hereafter the Quai de la Conf?rer
will be known as Cours Albert I; t.
? Avenue de Santin, as Avenue Viet
Emmanuel III; the Avenue de l'Aima,
: Avenue Georgs V; part of the R
| Pierre Charron, as V-uv Peter I of Si
! his; the Quai de Billy, as Avenue Tok
: and Avenue Sofia as Avenue Portuga
| M. Cherioux, vice-president of t
( council, welcomed the frue-sts. M. Pue
< spoke on behalf of the Department.
; the Seine, and Stephen Pich?n, the F<
? eiprn Minister, delivered an address
behalf of the government.
U. S. Officers Save
Two Fliers at Se
WASHINGTON. July 14.?The co
ness and courage of two Americ
; naval officers, Lieutenant Commune
1 Louis H. Manic-id, 0* Norfolk, Va., a
Lieutenant Frederick P. Cuthbert,
j Orange, N. J., saved the lives of t
American sailors when an accidc
. happened to a French dirigible b
??ion the Americans were operating
', the war zone recently. The story v
] revealed to-day in an announcem?
! that Secretary Daniels had comment
, th* officers and recommended Lieuti
i ant Commander Maxfield for a It
After the dirigible had fallen to t
water, the- officers, went overboard f
assisted Chief Gunner's Mute L.
Allcby and Quartermaster H. A. Elli
: to keep afloat until a launch from
could rescue them. Two men lea]
overboard, as they feared the car
i the air-hip would" be wrecked. Th
heavy flying clothes prevented th
| from swimming and both were
; haustcd when the officers from
.11. ??'??\.\r .r-.'- 1 -1, ..
German Meat Ration
To Be Reduced Again
AMSTERDAM, July 14.?Ac?
cording to a Berlin dispatch
printed in the "Frankfurter Zei?
tung," the present meat ration
of i-fiO grams (9 ounces) will
be distributed only until the
middle of August, when it will
be reduced to 200 grams (8
ounces), for all German towns
having a population of more than
Smaller towns, which are as?
sumed to have received plentiful
supplies of vegetables from sur?
rounding districts, will be al?
lowed an even smaller meat
Germans Strip Roof s
To Make Munitions
Copper Is Taken From Syna- j
gogues, Churches, Museums
Prince's Palace i
AMSTERDAM, July 14.?After expro- ;
printing door handles, window latches,;
pots and pans and copper and brass j
utensils for munition purposes, the
German military authorities have now
turned their attention to public build- ,
if.gs with copper roofs.
Among the scores of places being,
?tripped are the famous Brandenburg
Gate, Prince Albrecht's palace, a dozen ?
churches and synagogues and several i
Some of the best, known hotels, res- j
taurants and department stores and ,
also private mansions are being forced
to give up their copper roofs.
24 Allies in
A Great Trade
Pact After War
Continued fiom pnffi- I
ravaged territories of Belgium, Toland, |
Serbia, France and Italy..
Objects Are Important
"These objects retain all their old im
portance. They are simple measures j
of self-preservation. It is, for example,
still essential that we should forestall
the aggressive efforts of the Central !
Powers to use their money power to j
snatch on the morning after the war !
the raw mate'rials needed for the re- j
construction of the peoples of the West- !
ern and Eastern theatres of war whom i
they have themselves despoiled.
''But while the essential needs of our- ,
selves and of the nations which arc
fighting with us the battle of liberty j
and justice remain unaltered, the alii- j
anco of eight has expanded into the as?
sociation of twenty-four nations, of j
which President Wilson spoke in his j
recent address to the Red Cross. It is |
no longer a question of forming some |
narrow defensive alliance, but of lav?
ing down the economic principles of ?he
association of nations which is already
in existence and to memhershin of i
which we are committed.
"What, are those principles to be?
The President has stated them in mem- i
orable words. On January 8 he advo- ?
cntcd 'the removal so far as possible of (
all economic barriers and the establish- ?
ment of an equality of trade among all '
the nations consenting to peace ami as- i
sociating themselves for its main- ?
tenance.' On December 4 he had al- :
icady defined the qualifications for
membership in this association of na-;
tions in words the wisdom and im-j
portance of which have been rendered
doubly evident by all we know of the
policy of domination, exploitation aiul
exclusiveness introduced by Germany
into all her peace treaties and forced '
by her upon her allies. In that speech I
he considered what would be the situa?
tion if the German people 'should still,
aftei the war was over, continuo to be .
obliged to live under ambitious and in?
triguing masters interested to disturb
the peace of the world,' and pointed out !
thai it might then be impossible to ad- i
mit them either 'to the partnership of
nations which must henceforth guar?
antee the world peace' or 'to the free
economic intercourse which must in?
evitably spring out of the other part?
nerships of a real peace.'
"To these declarations we give our
wannest assent. But do (hese declara- !
tions necessarily mean that we?the as- '
sociated nations are to have no pro- !
tcctive tariffs and no international com- '
petition in trade after the war? No
Every one is agreed as to that. In the ;
words of the. programme of the Inter- '
Allied Labor Conference, 'the right of -
each nation to the defence ?if its own
economic interests, and, in face of the j
world shortage hereinafter mentioned, ?
to the conservation of a sui?iciency of
foodstuffs and materials, cannot be" de- ?
Self-Protection to the Fore
"F?ach member of the association of
nations may have to protect its citi-1
;:ci!s in one way or another after the
war, but our aim must be a compre?
hensive arrangement of libera! inter?
course with all members of the asso?
ciation by which each one of us. while
preserving his own national security, i
may contribute to meet the needs and
aid in the development of his fellow
members. Nor, of course, can our;
arrangement for mutual assistance ex?
clude all competition, though we are
most anxious that cooperation should
be tire keynote- of our cororoercial re?a- ?
tions. Our feelings in this matter!
cannot be better described than in the. ?
words of James A ?arrell to the For-,
eign Trade Council, namely:
" 'The sacrifices that arc being cheer?
fully endured to-day by men engaged
in foreign commerce in the necessary
curtailment of their business through
the conservation of shipping are an
earnest of the elevation of method an?'
of purpose which will control the con-j
duct of our external trade in the '
"There is but one obstacle to this !
economic association of nations. That
obstacle is Germany?the Germany de-'
scribed by President Wilson in i he |
words which I have already quoted- a!
Germany living "under ambitious and ';
intriguing masters.' You have seen j
the provisions of her commercial
treaties in the East, and with all the
groups of peoples from the Arctic ;
Ocean to the Black Sea. Her economic
policy toward these groups is abso- j
lutely contrary to our principles. That
policy began by systematic and law ]
les'i plundering in Poland, in the ?
Ukraine and elsewhere Now every
where she has legalized this blunder!
by placing the weaker nations under
onerous commercial tribute to herself ?
"On Lithuania she has imposed her
coinage. From Rumania and the
Ukraine she has exacted a guarantee
of supplies, irresnective of their own
needs and at flagrantly unjost raten of
compensation. She has appropriated
the natural resources of Rumania in
By William L. McPherson
LUDEND?RFF'S long pause in
the West undoubtedly im?
plies minute and intensive
! preparation for Germany's next
J blow. This delay might get on the
! nerves of an enemy fearful of the
But the Allied armies are not in
? that temper. German leisureliness
! has benefited them. They are much
! stronger relatively to-day than they
were four months ago. The German
! armies are relatively weaker. Allied
morale in France hag been raised to
a high pitch by the steady inflow of
the American reserve, which from
now on will much more than offset
any normal Allied losses. The Ital?
ian victory has been a potent inspi?
ration and Foch'.i skilful and uni?
formly successful local offensives
have thoroughly restored the confi?
dence of his troops in their ability
to meet and hold the enemy.
One thing seems clear at this mo?
ment. If Ludendorff strikes any?
where between the Channel and
Rheims?that is, where the Allied
masses are densest?he will get only
a minimum benefit from the factor
of surprise and will be met almost
from the start by vigorous counter
attacks. An adequate counter attack
is the true antidote for the von
On the other hand, if Ludendorff
strikes anywhere east of Rheims he
may reap some of the advantages of
a surprise and may overrun more
French territory. But he can hardly
hope to pierce the Allied defence at
any vital point. He will probably
only repeat the showy but barren
success of his recent drive south
from the Chemin des Dames to the
The Allied advance in Albania has
not yet been slowed down. Report?
from Rome show that the defeated
I Austrian s arc trying to make a
: stand on a line not far north of the
! Semeni River. But this line can be
| easily outflanked by an Allied move?
ment further east, down the valley
; of the Devoli River. The Devoli
i makes a big curve to the north of
the Semeni before entering the lat
! ter, and before the Devoli turns
south again it comes '"Within ten
miles of Elbasan and the Skumbi
River thoroughfare across Albania.
French forces are pushing their
attack on the Austrians in the angle
at the confluence of the Tomorica
and the Devoli. They have just
captured Hill ?00 and the village of
Narta, in the tip of that angle. They
are also clearing the east bank of
the Devoli. It seems, therefore, that
the Austrian retreat must continue
up through the big angle formed by
the two sides of the Devoli, and al?
most as far as the Skumbi. The
Austrian position in Albania has be?
come very insecure. Probably only
inferior troops were left there when
the Balkan front was partly stripped
in order to strengthen Boroevic's of?
fensive in Northern Italy.
The Czecho-Slovaks have just de?
feated Red Guard forces near Chita,
a town on the Siberian Railroad be?
tween Lake Baikal and the Chinese
border. This entire section of the
railroad has been heretofore in Bol?
shevist hands. General Semenoff at?
tempted once or twice to operate in
this region with anti-Bolshevist
forces organized at Harbin, but was
forced to retreat to his ba.se. Only
a small military effort would now be
required to get control of the whole
Siberian railway system from Vladi?
vostok to the Volga. Will the Allies
let. this easy opportunity slip
through their fingers? Opportunity
knocks, but seldom keeps hanging
around indefinitely for some one to
wake up and open the door.
rations. On Russia, Finland and the
Ukraine she has imposed unfair and
one-sided tariff arrangements. The
people of Finland, in fact, find now
that their liberties have been bartered
away in an agreement signed secretly
in Berlin, and it is actually being pro?
posed that thousands of Finns should
lie deported to work for German mas?
"Having established control over the
Dardanelles and the Baltic, Germany
has now brought under her own control
the third great highway of P>uropean
trade- .'he Danube -by destroying the
International Commission, which had
long since become an established organ
of European polity, and now, in order
that there may not bo any mistake as
to the significance of these acts, her
Foreign Minister has declared that this
Rumanian treaty in particular will be
made the precedent and foundation for
the economic ternis to bo demanded by
the (entra! Powers at the general
peace. The significance of this declara?
tion is evident from Kuehlmann's own
words?-that ' the damages Rumania
will have to pay will amount to very
considerable sums in the long run,
sums which, oerhaps, do not very sub?
stantially differ from those which might
presumably have 'neon obtained by of?
ficially demanding a war indemnity.'
"Economic independence and free
choice are the last things which Ger?
many will ever allow to the peoples
within her reach. So lonrr as this is the
policy of Germany, how c;.n we admit
her to membership in the free associa?
tion of nations, to which we already
belong? Before she can claim rights
for herself she must convine- us that
she acknowledges and will respect the
rights of others. Before we can offer
her ;uiy participation i'i our resources
she must release her victims from the
economic ?slavery that she has imposed
upon them. While the war continues
we must take as measures of war ail
the ?tops required to destroy the eco?
nomic bas'i of h or. military effort.
Policy Is Not Selfish
"When peace is restored the place of
Germany in the commonwealth of na?
tions will l>e determined by the test
established by President Wilson. If
she abandons her old ways anil her
restless and aggressive policy, if she
ceases to us" economic policies a?, u
preparation for further svar, we shall
not bo slow to recognize the change.
The sacrifices for which this war has
called are too great an?! too bitter to
permit of our neglecting the l'rer.i
dent's warning that a complete change
of mind and purpose in her govern?
ment is the necessary preliminary
to '-er admission to participation in out
"Neither the United States nor th<
British Empire has pursued or wil
pursue any selfish policy. The preoc?
cupations ut our internal reconstruc?
tion will never blind ua to the obliga
tions which we owe to our associates
or limit the fulness and frankness o:
our discussions with them.
"There must be no jealously betweei
us and no suspicions. I hop?'- tin
timo i;; not far of? when we shall mee'
round the council board to discuss n
detail flu- economic association whicl
will combine the resources of the civi
lized world in the joint work of recon
struetion and the restoration of pros
Hires War Veteran?
Five French Musicians to Tak<*
Places of Alien Enemies
(Special Dinpatch to '/Tie Tribune)
BOSTON, July 14. The board o
trustees of the Boston Symphony Or
diestra to-day announced that fiv>
French war veterans, before the wa
among the finest in France, have beei
added to the organization. They ar
Abden Laus, bassoon; Emile Stoivenarc
bass clarinet; Louis Speyer, oboe an
English horn: Eernnnd Thillois, violir
and Georges Miquelle, violoncello.
All have served three years at th
front, and recently visited Boston wit
Captain Pares's band. The trustees c
the orchestra began their recruiting e
that time. Just before the musician
left France they were informed tlu
the French government felt that the
hnd done their duty in the war and thi
if any were successful in obtaining ei
gagt-ment3 in the United States permii
sion would be given them to remain.
Several alien enemies have been elin
Captives Long for
Return to Britain
They Are Amazed at Home
Conditions; Are Forced
Into Hard Labor
LONDON, July 14.?-Germans who
have been interned in England and
Gorman prisoners of war who recently
have been '-ont back to Germany from
England are no: happy '??hen they reach
!he Fatherland. Letters they write
prove their surprise and dismay when
they discover the true state of things
in Germany. One letter from a pris?
oner sent back to Germany roads:
"About 10 o'clock in the morning we
left for the good old Fatherland. The
first stop we made was at Gooh, in
Germany, where wo were !;cpt si-: days
for examination. From there I was
sent to Dortmund, where I was forced
by military authority to work in a mu?
Too Weak for Work
",i stuck at it for three day;. 1 tried
rny best, but I was not strong enough.
The '.bird day I told them 1 was too
weak to do such, hard work and left
"In the Bezirks command I got the
order to do only government work,
otherwise I should be taken for the
army?-and I thought to get my liberty
in the Fatherland. ? really was worst
off than at the English camp. On the
night of the ??? I deserted into Hot
land. It vas a foggy night and a long
and dangerous march. Well, dear
friend, 1 think you v. ould have done the
samo. So much for them. If they ?in?!
caught me 1 should have had a bad
time, I believe. But now I am ou' of
it, and I give you one word of advice:
Whatever you do don't apply for re?
Advised to Stay in Prison
Another p-isoner who was sent to
Germany writes: "I have been here
about ten days. But what a disillu?
sion! It is no more as it used to be;
all is strange, and one rushes about
like a lost sheep. Our business here is
The following is a. message sent to a
prisoner in England from Germany:
"You are in heaven as compared with
us. Don't come to the Fatherland, if
ycu can help. We are all famished."
Cholera in Petrograd Causes
Finland to Close Frontier
STOCKHOLM, July 14. The Finnish
Senate, according to a telegram from
Hclsingfors, has closed the frontier
between Finland and Russia owirg to
the prevalence of cholera at Petru
To Have Lost Hop*
Of Channel Drive
Seemingly Determined v
Another Paris Attack to
Shake French Morale
Next Blow Is Near
Foe's Activity Indicates Sum.
mer Offensive Already Is
Getting Under Way
By Arthur S. Draper
(Special Cabl? to TU.c 'Tribuvti
? (Cowri?ht, 1918, bj Tie THbttna AVr,?r
LONDON, July 14. Ar.y hoar mr,
reveal the sector where Ludendorff h?
decided to strike. Some indication?h
the French front lead to the opir.:c
that the offensive already ?3 boiling as
The enemy may start activities intend?
ed to hide his real intentions, but m.
doubted!;.-, generally -?.calving, the o'
fensive is imminent.
Military opinion hen- confirm?'-.
view. A German thrust for the Chta.
nel ports now seems not very probable
The Berlin military party makes 110
secret of their belief that the road to
a German peace lies over France's de?.:
body. They desire to capture Pariser
strike a great blow elsewhere in the
belief that this will diminish the Alii?'
will to continue, the war.
Pursuing exactly the same policy of
weakening the Allies' will to continue
fighting, Count Hertling makes the
statement that Germany has no inter.
tion of keening Belgium ?11 any form
whatever, while von K?hlmann's at
tivities directed toward a peace by ne?
gotiation may be expected to ine'rea??
rather than diminish now that he can
pose as the leader of tiip moderates.
oppos'n? the extreme pan-Germans.
Undoubtedly all the parties in Go:
many want peace this year. The tr.lv
difference between the 'unitary party
and von K?hlmann appears to be (hi
the militarists believe they can strik"
a victorious blow before 1 e.gotiatton*
begin, while von K?hlmann, whi
stated that no miltary decision is po?
sible, desires to endeavor to ope:
Although Count Hertling and vor
K?hlmann hold different opinion
about the methods to be employed
they both aim at German peace offei
ings of concessions in the West in r?
turn for ?. free hand m the East, Bo
von Ilert'l'.g and von K ihlm
frankly out for conquests in ??: <
On the other hand, according I
British Labor leader. Art
son, the elements of anothi
ex.st in Germany which fconuii
sires a pence not based wpon comiue
He stated in his speech Saturday I
belief that this party wot Id bi 1
couraged by the conference of inte
Strong Curb Kept on
Disease in Army in
U. S. and Abroad
Anti-Vice Campaigns Art
Given Credit for Big
WASHINGTON, July 14.?Fignit
mn le public to-day by the Axmy,Med
?.-.I Corps of the t'n'ted States furaii!
striking proof of the succc-? ?if
which social disease among the troopi
?.; being curbed both here and ?i
France as a result of cleaning up oni
pa'tgns in communities near camp5-'"-'
thi cooperation of the civil sut1
Such disease is the greatest I
military efficiency in any army '
vigorous campaign beii g waged air?,-r-;
it among American trop.? has alreM
lior.o far toward keeping the army 6
In France, with pro!,-.! ly 700
mobilized, the i?.to reported 3
showed less than ore new case
sand men each week. Before the *?'
the lowest rate in the regular arm
was double this.
For mor.- than thirty weeks the el
peditionary forces have maintained ?
annual rate of less than 75 a thou
?sand, or less than two new ca-es ??
week. In the TJnil tea the record
v,as even bettor, thi average anno?!
?rate ?>. thousand for that period being:
National guard, 76; regular srmy. Si
national, 128. Medica! authorise
. mate the annual rat-- in the 1 '?
Sti-.tos for all troop? at nA to the LOW
which would mean or/- new case a thou
sand every two week
"Of the total number o' ease-amor;
troonn in this country'," "]'e statement
said, "fivo-sixths were contracted ?'
foro induction into th - military M
vice. Of the newly inducted m?
seven out of every hundred have '-'
disease when brought to camp.'
This disease, it is stated, clai
more victims than any other comffl-r-_
cable disease during th.- p-rtod -ron
September to Mav and more men wert
v thdrawn from active service on k
count of it than becausi of injurie
Only about 100 n ei , I ?owever.
been discharged practically unfit
military service, cures having been e.
i iecteil in the other c? -<??.
McGibbon & Co.
Linens at Substantial Savings
This Week and next will mark ? closing out of odd lot? ?nd
?niantitiRg, giving housekeepers an opportunity to get good
practical merchandise for less than usual.
Table Cloths Napkin?
Linen Sheets Pillow Cases
Linen Towels Toweling
Fancy Linens Handkerchiefs
Anticipate your Blanket needs for the coming winter. We
will hold them for fall delivery.
UPHOLSTERY MATERIALS and LACE DRAPERIES
ere temptingly priced.
3 West 37th St. Just off Fifth Are.