Newspaper Page Text
's Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!"
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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Vol. LXXVm No. 20,286
First to Last
the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
lair to-day: Tuesday fair and *omi?
what warmer; fre*h ?south winds.
Toll Report on Ptur'
N?*w York Tribune Inr."|
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1918
* # *
?m-nriTrrgS1" <ire?trr Nrw York and | THREE TENT?
rwuiEJUP^m,!,, commuting rti$t*n<-r j Kl?*wh?-e
Instances of the Tender
Treatment of Danger?
ous Enemies Within
to Germany by Spies
WASHINGTON, Nov. 3,
ONCE a dangrerc.ua German agent,
spy or propagandist is appre?
hended by some one of the fifteen or
sixteen government agencies now
stepping on each other's toes in the
business of defending the fighting
forces of the United States against
etfemies within? what happens to
Perhaps the Department of Jus?
tice decides to let him go.
Perhaps the Department of Justice
decides to hold him.
Perhaps the Department of Jus?
tice decides to intern him.
Perhaps the Department of Jus?
tice decides to parole him after he
Perhaps the Department of Jus
tjce finally makes up its mind to
bring him to trial.
In the latter comparatively rare
case he is admitted to bail and
? turned loose.
Ultimately?if the German agent
decides not to skip bail?he stands
Consider the Case
of Dr. Chakraverty
In that ease, after many months
>f freedom and delay, he may get
iome rigorous sentence like that of
Dr. Chakraverty, recipient of $60,
000 from the German Embassy, who
cot 60 days in jail and a 55,000 fine.
There have been longer sentences, of
course?several of them?but the
iength of the term in jail matters
nothing at all beside the length of
time that these spies are left out of
.ail, on bail, to finish any work that
the government may have inter?
On that point consider the case of
Breitling?Max Breitung, employe
of the Imperial German Government.
In October, 1915, wi?h Lieutenant
Robert- Fay,. of the German army,
KfJward Kienzle, Edward Bronkhorst
and others, Breitung was indicted
for blowing up steamships.
They wore, of course, released on
In the course of half a year, Fay
HTiej two assistants were convicted.
Breitung and Bronkhorst had their
'rials more or less indefinitely post?
poned. Both of them promptly dis?
appeared. Bronkhorst was supposed
to have gone to Mexico. Breitung
ist wandered about the United
states on his own business.
Qn January 22, 1918, he was at
ast arrested by the Department oi
A few days later he was comfort
Enemies Caught With
War Plans Released
Then there is the case of th<
Sperry Gyroscope Company work
In September, 1917, the Nava
intelligence Bureau arrested ninety?
"is enemy aliens working in a fac
lory which manufactured war im?
plements of the newest and mos
secret sort. One of them was a chie:
m the Sperry drafting department
One was an aid to the general su
perintendent. One was a foremar
in one of the machine shops. Oi
many of these ninety-six men, or ii
their rooms, were found, besides sucl
things as revolvers, maps showing
munitions factories and navy yards
and carborundum such as is used ii
sabotaging machinery, blue print!
and parts of such mechanisms a
he "submarine killer" and a sta
bilizer for battleships and airplanes
At first it was announced tha
these men would be interned for thi
duration of the war. But within i
rew weeks they had nearly all beer
??xamined and turned loose by Mel
ville .1. France, United States Attor
?>ey for the Eastern District of Nev
That was not all?though enough
"Submarine Killer" Design
Actually Sent to Berlin
Almost twelve months later?ii
the second year of the war?th<
public learned through an arrest b;
(Continued on page five)
Austria Out of War, Signs Truce;
Italians Enter Trieste and Trent;
Germans Break on Three Fronts
15,000 Cheer ?
Religious and Political Dif?
ference? Dropped for Work
to Comfort Soldiers
Trip to Front
How Per sh ing's Troops
Fight and Smile Told
New York laid aside all religiouj
and political differences yesterday anc
put the finishing touches on a pro
gramme thart will carry something mon
than $170,000,000 worth of home com
forts to General Pershing's army oi
More than 16,000 Catholics, Jews am
Protestants put their heads togethe
in Madison Square Garden in the after
neon*, cheered and shed tears as the;
pledged themselves to give to their ut
most in the coming campaign of th
United War Work Committee.
The meeting was as remarkable be
cause of the great coming together o
representatives of various re?giou
sects as for the unanimity of opinio
in favor of this, the greatest altruisti
effort ever made in the world.
Secretary of War Baker was cheere
for several minutes, when, in outlinin
'the need for generous giving, he calle
attention to the significance of thi
union of leaders of all churches in
The united aspect of the meetii)
was evident from the first. Rabl
Continued on pane four
On Bavarian Front
COPENHAGEN, Nov. 3.?Aus
^-4 tro-Hungarian troops area
being withdrawn from the West?
ern front and the Germans, fear?
ing the Allies will march through
Austria, are digging trenches and
erecting fortifications along the
Bavarian frontier, according to a
Vienna dispatch to the "Politi?
Mrs. Russell Sage
Dies at Age of 90;
111 Only Three Days
! Widow of Noted Capitalist
Succumbs at Home in
Mrs. Russell Sage, widow of the cap
italist, died early this morning at her
residence, 604 Fifth Avenue, from com?
plications brought about by old age
She was ninety years old and had been
ill for three days.
Since the deatli of her husband, in
1 1901), Mrs. Sape had earned for herself
the title of one of the greatest of
American philanthropists and had
given away more than $30,000,000 for
charitable and educational purposes
sh'J for the betterment of society.
Born of parents of frugal means
and in her early life a school teacher
at a salary of $200 a year, Mrs. Sage,
: on the death of her husband, found
herself the beneticiary of an estate of
J more than $60,000,000.
Until that time she had had little
experience in the handling of money,
Her life with her husband had been
simple to an extreme?. lie himself had
made jrifts only sparingly. The womai1
who had had no financial experience
who had lived eiuietly all her days
i found herself the recipient of thou
i (Continued on page eleven)
French and Americans
Sweep Ahead on 50
Mile Line Above
At Gates of Ghent
Argonne Forest Clear
\ ed; Hurried Retreat
Congests Enemy on
November 4, 2:S0 a. m.
The Germans yesterday were in ful
retreat befoi't Albert's army ii
Belgium, before the British i
Flanders and before the Freno'
and Americans from the Aisn
to east of Verdun. On Pershing'
line the foe's flight spread to th
west bank of the Meuse to th
The Argonne regior; has bee
eleared and many villages wreste
from the enemy, the French Wa
Office announced last night. At
ditional prisoners ami stores hav
been captured. P?tain'a men ac
vanced live miles through th
Continued on page three
We'll Have to Have More Proof Than That
Kaiser Approves Reforms to
Shear Him of Autocratic Power
?? MSTERDAM, Nov. S (By The Associated Press).?On the occasion of
the constitutional amendment coming into force, says an official tele?
gram from Berlin, Emperor William addressed to Prince Maximilian of
! Baden, the German Imperial Chancellor, a decree indorsing the decisions
\ of the Reichstag and avowing his firm determination to cooperate in their
full development The Emperor's decree reads:
"Your Grand Ducal Highness:
"I return herewith for immediate publication the bill to amend
the Imperial Constitution and the law of March 17, 1879, relative to
the representation of the Imperial Chancellor, which has been laid
before me for signature.
"On the occasion of this step, which is so momentous for the
future history of the German people, I have a desire to give expres?
sion to my feelings. Prepared for by a series of government acts, a
new order comes into force, which transfers the fundamental rights
of the Kaiser's person to the people.
| "Thus comes to a close a period which will stand in honor before
the eyes of future generations. Despite all struggles between invested
authority and aspiring forces, it has rendered possible to our people
that tremendous development which imperishably revealed itself in
the wonderful achievements of this war.
"In the terrible storm of the four years of war, however, old
; forms have been broken up, not to leave their ruins behind, but to
make a place for new vital forms.
"After the achievements of these times the German people can
claim that no right which may guarantee a free and happy future
j shall be withheld from them.
"The proposals of the allied governments which are now adopted \
and extended owe their origin to this conviction. I, however, with ?
my exalted allies, indorse these decisions of Parliament in firm deter?
mination, so far as I am concerned, to cooperate in their full develop?
ment, convinced that I am thereby promoting the weal of the German
j "The Kaiser's office is one of service to the people. May, then, the '"'j
new order release all the good powers which our people need in order
to support the trials which are hanging over the empire and with a
firm step win a bright future from the gloom of the present.
(Signed) "WILHELM, I. R.
j tCountersigned) "MAX, Prince of Baden.
"Berlin, October 28, 1918."
| Kaiser's Trunks Go to Switzerland
GENEVA, Nov. 3 (By The Associated Press).?Dozens of trunks
bearing the royal Hohenzollern monogram have been arriving in the
past week at the luxurious chateau named "Buonas," on the Lake of
Zug. Ihe chateau, which is flying the German flag, is the property
of Baron von Kleist, a German.
Quit as Truce
Latest Reports Say Princes
Are Holding Back Abdi?
By Arthur S. Draper
i Special Cable lo The Tribune)
(Copyright, 1918, Xow York Tribune Inc.)
LONDON", Nov. 3.?Latest reports ?
say the Kaiser has signed the abdica?
tion decree but is delaying formal ac?
tion at the. request of the confederated
princes, who fear the effect on the
It was 'stated the act was signed last j
Wednesday and will go into effect as
soon as the armistice terms arc acted
The Kaiser's letter of October 28 to j
Prince Max rnarks the beginning of ?
the end of the Hohenzollerns, for even !
if Germany becomes a constitutional j
monarchy the present house ia not
likely to remain at the head of the i
It is believed that a majority of the '
government is convinced that the I
Kaiser must go.
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 3.- The position j
of Emperor William continues to be !
discussed by the entire German press. !
"The War Cabinet," says the "Berlin I
Tageblatt." "as yet has taken r.o unani?
mous, binding action relative to the i
Emperor, but there is greater unanim?
ity in the desire that he should re- i'
PARIS, Nov. 3.?"There can be no |
doubt," says the "Temps," "that a j
great struggle is going on around the i
German Emperor's person between the j
influences which caused the war and j
wish to maintain the old r?gime and i
the partisans of a new r?gime, more (
or less democratic, and of a peace for
the purpose of repairing Germany's
"By returning to general headquar?
ters Emperor William seemed to show
clearly that his supreme desire was
not to abdicate
PIERRE'S RESTAURANT, !
11 TO 17 EAST .45TH ST.
Terms to Hun
Armistice to Suggest How
Germany Is To Be Made
WASHINGTON, Nov. 3.?Armistice
terms which the Austrians have accept?
ed are expected here to furnish a
clear index to those which the Supreme
War Council at Versailles is prepar- ;
ing for Germany. Consequently, their ?
publication will carry greater signifi?
cance than otherwise would attach, !
since the Austrian surrender had been ,
discounted in advance by the internal
disintegration of the Dual Monarchy
and the collapse of the Austro-Hunga
rian forces on the Italian front.
Official announcement that the arm- j
istice had been signed reached the ?
State Department to-day. In making '
this known officials gave no indication
of the terms imposed, nor was there |
any explanation of' why cessation of j
hostilities had been delayed twenty- i
four hours or more after the actual ;
signing of the articles of surrender.
The generally accepted view, however,
seemed to be that it was desired to
have virtually all Italian soil freed of
enemy troops before the Italian armies
were permitted to end their attacks
upon the routed Austrian forces.
Terms Arc Drastic
Military men here said the terms
which the Supreme War Council had
prepared would make it impossible for
the Austrians to renew > hostilities,
probably including the disarming of
the enemy troops and occupation of
strategic points as well. Some of
these, namely JTrent and Trieste, al?
ready have been occupied by Italian
and allied forces.
Free movement of the Allied forces
through Austria to attack Germany
from the ?outh, should the supreme
war command decide such a stroke
necessary in the future, also is ex?
pected to be stipulated.
The defection of Austria leaves
Germany stripped of its last ally and
most of the military men here, both
allied and American, believe that her
capitulation will follow, fioon after the
terms from Versailles are submitted.
Great importance is attached here to
the course followed by the Allied and
American governments in deferring
Continued on next page
Announces He Will
Quit His Throne
Defeated Foe Accepts Terms Framed by Inter
Allied Council at Versailles, and Fighting Will
End When Agreement Becomes Effec?
tive, at 3 o'Clock This Afternoon
Document Which Sealed Empire's
Surrender To Be Published Tuesday
Nation Prepares for Occupation, Hungarian
Premier Urging That British or French Be
Sent?Premier Karolyi Proclaims
a Magyar Republic
LONDON, Nov. 3 (6:12 P. M.).?An armistice with Aus?
tria was signed this afternoon by General Diaz, the Italian
commander in chief, according- to an official announcement made
here this evening. The text of the statement reads :
"A telephone message has been received from the Prime
jMinister in Paris saying that news has just come that Austria
Hungary, the last of Germany's props, has gone out of the war.
"The armistice was signed by General T>iaz this afternoon
and will come into operation to-morrow (Monday) at 3 p. m.
The terms will be published Tuesday."
Austrian Troops Cease Fighting
As Armistice is Concluded
VIENNA, Nov. 3.?"In the Italian theatre, of the war our
troops have ceased hostilities on the basis of an armistice which
has been concluded," says the War Office communication issued
"The conditions of the armistice will be announced in a
100,000 Prisoners, 2,200 Cannon
Taken by Allies on Italian Front
ROME, Nov. 3.?The Italians have captured Trent, one of Austria's
chief fortified towns in the Tyrol, according to the War Office announce?
Italian forces have landed at Trieste and the Italian tri-coioi \f
flying from the castle and from the tower of San Giusto.
Italian cavalry has entered Udine. fifty miles beyond the Piave and
within ten miles of the Austrian border on the east. Udine was the
Italian headquarters before the Caporetto defeat.
Prisoners taken by the Allies in Italy now number more than 100,000.
it is officially announced, while 2,200 cannon have been captured.
WITH THE ITALIAN FORCES IN NORTHERN ITALY, Nov. 3
(By The Associated Press) ($:30 p. m.).-~The Italian First Army in its
advance on Trent captured enormous quantities of material and innumer?
able prisoners. Entire regiments are surrendering.
Hungarians, Ready for Allied
Occupation, Proclaim Republic
LONDON, Nov. 3.?A dispatch to the i
Exchange Telegraph from Copenhagen
quotes the Berlin "Tageblatt's" Vienna |
correspondent as saying that Emperor j
Charles had an important, conference
with members of the Cabinet party
and political leaders Saturday, when
he announced his intention to abdicate
and go to Switzerland.
The "Tageblatt" says no official con?
firmation of this report has been re?
ceived in Berlin.
BASEL, Nov. 3 (By The Associated
Press):?During a meeting of the ex?
ecutive committee of the Hungarian
National Council in Budapest yester?
day Count Karolyi announced that
King Charles had freed the govern?
ment from its oath of fidelity.
The Minister of War announced that
an order would be given to all soldier.'
on the Hungarian front, including offi?
cers, to lay down their arms and to
enter into negotiations with the enemy.
| If the enemy wish to occupy Hun?
gary, the announcement added, a de?
mand should be made that French or
English troops be sent by preference
BERNE, Nov. 3. ? Count Karolyf,
after obtaining a release from his oath
of fealty to the Emperor, ?reclaimed
a republic in Hungary, according to
a dispatch to the Bund from Vienna
quoting the Viennese newspaper *?'???
Weighty Problems Still Face
Allied Council at Versailles
PARIS, Nov. 3.?The meeting of
Premiers and military and naval rep?
resentatives in the apartments of Colo?
nel House to-day was a continuance of
the sessions previously held. While
I the discussion was largely informal, it
Iwent over the whole range of subjects.
The representatives were in full ac
core! on virtually all the points treated
The sessions will continue, as th?
moment has not yet arrived for the
taking of a final decision oa tome of
! the most important questions involved
Premier Lloyd George of Great Brit
; ain and Premier Clemenceau of Franc?
left the conference together. They ?ex