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America's^Historic Answer: "Unconditional Surrender!
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
3Xetti ^ ark
Vol. I.XXVIH No. 26,290
First to Last? the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
Fair and warmer to-day; Satorda*
partly cloudy, probably rain by
night; increasing south wind?
l'un K-,,-ort on Pa?? 14
? .Copyright. 191?,
"New York Tribune be,]
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1918
? ? * *
Tunrs-vT? '" Greater ?w York and I THREE CEYTC
i?um.im)jr(tW|| ro-imutln* distance | KJ?ewber?
Huns' White Flag Nearing Foch's Camp;
City Wild Over False Peace Report;
Rebels Seize Germany's Entire Navy
U-Boat Crews Join
Five Main Harbors
Large Part of Schles-j
wig in Grip of Revolt; i
Garrisons on South
Parade in Berlin
Reichstag Socialist and i
People's Council Head;
Control Kiel; Riots
LONDON, Nov. 8 (12:45 a. m.).? j
Virtually all "the German fleet has i
revolted, according to a dispatch i
"eceived from The Hague. The men I
are complete masters at Kiel, Wil- j
helmshaven, Helgoland, Borkam and ]
At Kiel the workers have joined
the navy men and declared a general
strike, says the dispatch.
The greater part of the submarine j
vrews in all the German naval bar-j
oors have also joined the revolution, ?
according to an Exchange Tele?
graph dispatch from Copenhagen.
Scant food, bad treatment by
-heir officers and exasperation
caused by the collapse of Germany
'?ulminated in a movement of revolt
in the German navy, says a Ha,gue
???patch. The revolt broke out at
Kiel November 3. Sailors ashore,
aided by workmen, seized the fort
and arsenal. The movement spread
'-?apidly to the crews on warships
in the roadstead. ?
On the 4th the labor unions pro-1
claimed a general strike. On the 5th
the revolt reached Wilhelmshaven,
Helgoland, Borkum and Cuxhaven.
The mutineers have seized the
vireless and are communicating
with each other. Their officers are
powerless. A few units remain
oyal. The submarines at sea are
rniorr-nt of the armistice proposal,
this news having been hidden from
a great part of Schleswig is also j
'i t'ne hands of revolutionists, ac- i
wding to reports received in Co- j
Penhagen from Kiel and transmitted j
by the Exchange Telegraph Com- j
Continuous demonstrations are j
taking place in Berlin, according to ;
the "Social Demokraten" of Stock- j
holm. Twenty thousand deserters
from the army are marching
'?rough the streets of the capital.
A revolt has broken out in Ham?
burg, according to a dispatch from
the correspondent of the "Copen?
hagen Politiken" at Vamdrup. Vio?
lent artillery firing was in progress
:r? the streets of the city when the
"orrespondent's informant was de?
ported, the latter declared.
The Wolff Bureau of Berlin an?
nounces that all work has stopped at
Hamburg owing to a strike, and that
?'?disciplined acts and outrages have
iaken place. The news agency re?
ports similar occurrences from L??
Red Flag at Warnemuende
A number of German garrisons
on the South Baltic coast have de?
serted and are going to Kiel, says a
(openhagen dispatch to the Ex?
change Telegraph Company. The
!'ed riag has been hoisted at Warne
r,1'?nde, a seaport of Northern Ger
??any, and the port of Rostock on the
?altic Sea coast.
Kiel is governed by the marines',
Continued on next page
To Quit Fighting
p ARIS, Nov. 7.?There is rea
-*? son to believe, according to
a Berne dispatch to the "Temps,"
that the Premier of Bavaria has
sent an urgent note to the Ger?
man government to the effect that
if.an armistice is not concluded
without delay he will be obliged
officially to order the Bavarian
troops to return from the front.
This action, it is added, would
be taken owing to the fact that
Bavaria is menaced on her south?
ern frontier by Allied forces and
that the internal situation in Ba?
varia is unsatisfactory.
Villages Are Flooded With
Returning Troops, Who
Have No Food
BERNE, Switzerland, Nov. 7 i'By
The Associated Press).?Complete
chaos prevails in Austria, according
to travellers returning here from that
All the railroad villages in the Ty?
rol are flooded with the returning
armies in full disorder. In these vil?
lages the demoralized troops, who arc
bread'.ess, are plundering, and requi?
Food from the east has been com?
pletely cut off. Artillerists are sell?
ing their horses for e trifle. Auto?
mobile drivers are going homeward as
Many of the released Italian prison?
ers of war, who are returning to Italy,
are trying to enter Switzerland.
Prince Max Appeals
To Germans to End
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 7.? Chanceliot
Maximilian, says an official dispatch
from Berlin, has issued an appeal tc
the German people, saying that "in or?
der to make an end of th<^ bloodshed'
a deputation has left for the front, anc
that "the negotiations will be seriouslj
endangered by disturbances and lacl
Hungary to Disarm
Troop? of Mackenser
BERNE, Nov. 7.?The German Fiel?
Marshal Mackensen, on requesting per
mission for his army to pass througl
Hungary from the Balkans to Germanj
i was informed by the Hungarian gov
. ernment that the request would b
i granted on the condition that th
troops lay clown arms on entering Hun
' garian soil. The arms are to be for
warded to Germany later.
A dispatch received hero from Inns
br?ck says the Bavarian War Ministe
has informed the Tyrol authorities *ha
a considerable number of Bavaria
troops would march to the norther
j Tyrol frontier as a guard. The mir
| ister added:
"We come as friends, but will us
I force if we are resisted."
The dispatch adds that it is undei
stood tho Bavarian vanguard airead
has crossed the Bavarian frontier.
Fleets of the Allies
LONDON, Nov. 7.?Tho Allied fleet
will anchor off St. Sophia, Constant
nople, on Saturday, according to ir
formation received in London to-nigh
Huns Thrown Back on 120
Mile Front as Allies
Haig Forces Enemy to
Loosen Grip on North?
ern End of Line
Ai the hour of going to press
fighting on the great West froyit has
The pursuit of the fleeing foe in
France and Belgium was appre?
ciably quickened yesterday.
The Americans pressed north on the
west bank of the Meuse about
five miles and took the part of
historic Sedan which lies west of
East of the river the American Sec
oncl Army drove further into the
difficult heights of the Meuse.
The French threw cavalry into ac?
tion on the left of the Americans,
making swift strides toward the
The French in a day liberated a
hundred villages and gained ten
miles at some points, Paris an?
nounced officially last night. A
line was reached running through
Effry, along the Thon Hiver to
Leuze, on the southern outskirts
of Signy Forest and beyond La
Horgne and St. Aignan-sur-Bar
The troops last night were close
to Hirson. >
Haig's men continued to progress
astride the Franco-Belgian bor
der, the disorganized foe making
no stand of importance.
On the whole 120-mile front, fron
j?st north of the Belgian bordei
to east of the Meuse River
ground was gained rapidly. Tht
Germans abandoned importan'
material and lost many men a'
The enemy now holds only a tin:
slice of France, and this is beinj
reclaimed at accelerated speed.
Reports of Truce
Fail to End Yanks'
WITH THE AME?ICAN ARMY O?1
THE SEDAN FRONT, Nov. 7 (By Tin
Associated Press) (6:80 p. m.).?Th.
matter of peace negotiations failed t>
slow down in the slightest degree thi
operations along the front to-day. Th?
news that Germany has taken d?finit?
iiteps to secure an armistice reachei
advanced headquarters, but was no
accompanied by any ordera aft'ectin:
the big drive now in progress, and i
is expected that the American line wil
be carried forward without pause.
With that part of Sedan resting o
tho western bank of the river occu
pied to-day, the Americans are consoli
dating their positions and preparin
.for a further advance.
It was contingents of the noted Rair
bow Division and of the 1st Divisio
that made the final whirlwind dash int
New Yorkers in Fight
It is now permissible to mention th
divisions which participated in th
famous drive that cleared that pai
of France wes* r,f the Meuse occupie
by the Americano.
It was tne second Division whicl
onerjiting at the centre, made th
strenuous push on the afternoon c
the day the Germans began to weake
and pressed forward until it coi
trolled the heights below Beaumon
This made possible the shelling of th
. The 5th regulars crossed the Meus
under enemy machine gun fir
aided by the 32d Division, and co'
ercd themselves with glory for fot
Continuing its successea in the A
.??? ? ~ ' ~
Continued on page nine
Claim Senate !
By Two Seats
Late Returns May Swell
Lead to Four, Chair?
man Hays Says
Majority in House
Estimated at 44
Newberry Sure of Election
in Michigan; Suffrage
Ahead in 3 States
Will H. Hays, chairman of the Re?
publican National Committee, after re?
ceiving reports from all over the coun?
try, said last night that the control of
the next United States Senate would
be Republican by not less than two
and probjibly by four votes.
With two Hou.ie districts still in
doubt, shift? yesterday ? nresults pre?
viously reported leave the House aa
Republicans, 2i!8; Democrats, 194
including one independent, and Social?
ist, 1. This gives the Republicans s
majority of 4..
Chairman Hays says the election oi
Lieutenant Commander Newberry ca?:
no longer be regarded as doubtful as
the count in Michigan keeps increasing
The Republicans further increasec
their majority in the House of Repre
sentatives when two of the three seat'
from South Dakota %ve.e conceded t<
them. Three seats, one each in Soutl
Dakota, Kew Mexico and Montana, stil
remain in doubt.
Nugent Leading in Idaho
In Idaho Frank H. Gooding, Repub
lienn candidate for Senator, no longe
looks as much like a winner as he did
With 85,000 of the 95,000 votes in th?
state counted, Senator John F. Nugen
led by 446.
Doubt regarding the result in Ne\
Mexico between Senator Fall, Repub
lican, and Representative Walter
Democrat and Socialist, apparently wa
removed yesterday, and Senator Fall'
election is generally conceded. His ma
jority over Walton is about 2,400. Th
election of P. C. Hernandez, Repub
lican, to Congress over G. A. Richard
son, Democrat, by 1,000 seems also in?
sured. The entire Republican stat
ticket, with one exception, has bee
Scattering returns indicate a clos
contest for delegate to Congress froi
Alaska. James Wickersham. Republ
can, is believed to be in the lead.
Although unofficial returns practical!
complete indicate the election of Lici
tenant Commander Newberry ove
Henry Ford in Michigan, by a majoi
ity in excess of 5,000 voto.i, the Dem?
cratic managers yesterday refused t
concede his election.
Ford Not to Ask Recount
Mr. Ford himself said he had no n
tention of contesting the election <
Commander Newberry by asking a r?
Wayne County gave Mr. Ford a nr
jority of 27,000, but literally thousani
of his employes, wearing "volunte
worker" badges and equipped wil
"flivvers," scoured Detroit for Fo:
votes on Tuesday.
The Republican leaders said that
a recount is made it will show the ele
tion of Newberry by close to 10,0C
and they claimed to have figures coi
plete, with the exception of one count
to show that the commander had a le,
of 8,900. A tabulation by The Ass
ciated Press yesterday, with 125 pr
cincts missing, gave Newberry 209.3
and Ford 202,488, showing a majori
of 6,879 for Newberry.
The majority for Governor Sleep
and the remainder of the Republic
state ticket on the final count will
approximately 50,000, or about one-hi
the normal Republican majority
Oklahoma for Suffrage
On the basis of incomplete retui
received from 400 precincts in Ok
homa up to noon yesterday, it was -,
p.-irent that the suffra?e amendme
voted on in Tuesday's general electi
Continued on last page
Guns Silenced on Front
_Crossed by Truce Envoys
Tears and Cheers Mingle
In New York9s Frenzied
Acclaim of Peace Report
All Work Stops, Banners Fly, Traffic Is Halted
and Impromptu Parades Spring Up Everywhere
as City Bursts Into Greatest F?te in Its History
A whistle high above the pinnacles of.
office buildings spoke loudly at 1 i
o'clock yesterday. New Yorkers, I
turning from luncheon tables and din?
ner pails toward the rest of the day's
work, paused to listen.
And as they hesitated another r-iren
and another took up the call. The
noise swelled from individual tootinga
into a buzzing roar that swept north?
ward over the city in a great e.ver-in
?stefifliijig wavi.i <>f H.vji.d.
Then, to the crowd'r, who stoo? won?
dering and trying to stifle the thought
that was uppermost in each mind, came
the answer to 5,000,000 unspoken ques?
tions. It came from the throats of
thousands of neysboys, running, paper
laden, through the streets and shouting
the most splendid tidings the city has
Extras Proclaim News
"Germany surrenders!" they cried.
"Peace! War is over! O-h-h-h ex?
Then the city?the ?reat proud city
that had not wept aloud when she
saw her sons march away, who had
stifled her tears when she read the
casualty lists?f?lt a great sob catch
in her throat and throwing asido all
reserve wept and laughed openly and
In the streets men gripped the ex?
tras and then stood, moist eyes averted,
swallowing hard. In the offices of Wall
Street, in the great, department stores
uptown, in the loft buildings and sweat
shops, men and women, ?sewing machine
operators and bank presidenta went
And behind windows of homes, where
the starred service flags shone in the
bright November sun, a mighty heart
wrenching cry of exultation arose from
the throats of wtrrnen.
Great Celebration Starts
The wholo town by now was roaring
and echoing to the blasts of the sirens.
Craft in the river added their voices
to the cry of victory. In the streets
automobile horns bawled and wailed
triumphantly. Presently the shrill
clamor of human voices was added to
the tumult and there began the great?
est spontaneous celebration the city
was ever to see.
Work was forgotten. There could
be t'.o such thing as labor while the
tremendous pa?an of exultation re?
sounded from The Bronx to the Bat?
tery. The vast majority of the offices
and industries gave their workers a
holiday. In the others the employes
stampeded down stairways, never wait?
ing for elevators, and joined the
massed rank?} of men and women who
surged up and down the avenues or
collected in open spaces to shout and
cheer and laugh and cry like so many
In a barber shop on Park Row the
head barber glanced at the headlines,
folded up his razor, leaving a cus?
tomer half shaved, and beckoned to one
of his assistants.
"Finish him," he directed, "and then
shut up shop. Me? I'm going home to
cry with my wife. That's where I'm
Crowds Halt Traffic
An hour after the first whistle
sounded its message Fifth Avenue,
Broadway and a dozen parks were
crammed with celebrants. In the thor?
oughfares they filled the sidewalks and
then overflowed into the streets, laugh?
ing at traffic and damming: it com?
Many of the women who marched in
the trimphant, aimless parade were
weeping unashamed. tMen of suppos?
edly sedate years gav-". tho lie to gray
hair and imposing girth and capered
Caught in the great human tide that
ebbed and flowed up Fifth Avenue and
Broadway, were scores of cars and
trucks. Over the latter men and women
swarmed, waving flags, shouting and
singing. Many of the automobiles
added to the din by series of loud ex?
plosions caused by "flooding the muf?
flers" and then allowing the engines to
Confetti Covers City
From windows of olfico buildings
came showers of impromptu confetti,
newspapers, magazines, waste paper and
even books torn into bits and flung to
the breeze. Cascades of ticker tape
poured down from window sills. Rolls
of paper towels were unreeled and
swam down the avenue on the breeze,
long white ribbons carried by the wind
And the people themselves! Buffeted
to and fro, by the surgings of the
crowd, deafened by the fusillade of
popping mufflers, hoarse from cheer?
ing, eyes glittering with tears they
could not. quell, they wandered up and
down the streets quite drunk with joy.
Over their heads hung the bluest of
skies, in which great clouds of bits
of paper fluttered like butterflies.
Above them the flags whimpered and
whispered. The people did not look
where they were going. They did not
care who spoke to them nor who
reached out a hand to drag them into
one of the lockstep processions that
tramped up and down the street, clam?
oring like children at play.
City Utterly Happy
For the first time in four years New
York was utterly happy. Faces that
had been solemn wore permanent
smiles. Eyes that had been dark with
worry were bright with tears of joy.
Yet, through all the long demonstra?
tion of relief and thanksgiving, there
ran an unwonted spirt of delicacy and
tenderness. There was none of the
rowdiness usually associated with elec?
tion and New Year's jubilations. No
one was handled roughly. No one pro?
tested when jammed into breathless
ness in the midst of a crowd.
Men in uniform were the only ones
who_might complain of a complete in?
difference to convention on the part
of the revellers, and it is not probable
that these were tilled with any spirit
of protest. Never on this side of the
Atlantic had men been so openly and
shamelessly kissed by utter strangers.
All Soldiers Honored
Girls descended upon roughneck
doughboys and left them scarlet to the
ears and surfeited with kisses. Blue?
jackets and French and British officers
received their share, amid cheers from
the onlookers, ana escaped abashed at
the first opportunity.
Flags were torn down from stores
and carried up and down the streets at
the head of vociferously shouting pro?
cessions. Stores where banners or
horns or any other instrument of cele?
bration was sold were stripped in half
an hour, and then barred their doors
to keep out the insistent crowds.
In front of the Sub-Trei.sury one
impromptu celebration was held, with
singing and loud cheers for every one
in all of the Allied governments .hat
any of the crowd could think of.
Hylan Makes Speech
On the steps of City Hall the Mayor
made a brief address to the exultant
crowd and then announced that all of
the city employes had received a holi?
In front of the Waldorf more than a
thousand men and women stood for an
hour, singing. Over the din of horns
and the roar from Fifth Avenue
Continued an page three
Delegation Was Due to Arrive at French Out?
posts Between 8 and 10 o*Clock (Paris
Time) Last Night, To Be Conducted to
Headquarters of Allied Generalissimo
Mathias Erzberger, Noted German
Moderate, Among the Emissaries
Message From Enemy's High Military Com?
mand, Preceding Departure of Armistice
Seekers, Expresses Hope Visit Will Bring
About Suspension of Hostilities .
The German white flag, accompanied by its delegation of
, truce-seekers, is probably now at the headquarters of Field
Marshal Foch. , . -.
Up to the time The Tribune went to press, however, there
was no indication that an armistice had been signed.
At 11 o'clock The Associated Press received a dispatch
from Paris stating that a German wireless had been received at
Allied Grand Headquarters expressing a hope that a meeting
might bring about "a provisional suspension of hostilities" and
requesting passage for the German truce delegation, headed by
! Mathias Erzberger, Secretary of State and leader of the Ger?
man Centrist party, through the front designated by Marshal
The German wireless named the imperial plenipotentiaries
as follows: Mathia?s Erzberger. General H. K. A. Winterfeld,
formerly military attach? at Paris ; Count Alfred von Obern
dorff, former minister at Sofia; General Guendell and Naval
Captain von Salow.
The truce commissioners asked that Marshal Foch appoint
a place of meeting and agreed to a rendezvous by automobile
with subordinates of their staff.
The Allied commander issued orders "to cease fire on the
front at 3 o'clock p. m. until further orders." The context of
the dispatch appears to indicate that the order stilling the guns
applied only to the front which the German delegates were ap?
Fifty-five minutes after receipt of the German message
Marshal Foch replied, directing the enemy truce mission to pre?
sent themselves to the French outposts "by the Chimay-Four
mies-La Capelle-Guise road, there to be conducted to the spot
; fixed for the meting."
Twenty-five minutes later another German wireless was re
! ceived at Allied Grand Headquarters. It was announced that
the truce delegation would be accompanied by a road-mending
company to repair the La Capelle road, so that their automo
? biles might pass.
A fourth message from the enemy declared that the mis
| sion would be unable to cross the French outpost line until be
? tween 8 and 10 o'clock at night (Paris time). They expected to
| present themselves at Haudroy, a little more than a mile and a
! half northeast of La Capelle.
Obviously this dispatch explains the premature United
; Press message sent throughout the nation yesterday afternoon
that an armistice had been signed and that hostilities had ceased
at 2 o'clock (Paris time).
Flood of Denials Follows Rumor,
But Fails to Drown Celebration
At 11:59 a. m. yesterday the naval censor here passed the
following cablegram to the United Press:
"Paris, Nov. 7.?The Allies and Germany signed
an armistice at 11 o'clock this morning. Hostilities
ceased at 2 o'clock this afternoon.
"The Americans took Sedan before the armistice
This dispatch was thereupon given to the country througl
newspapers from coast to coast. The people everywhere wen
thrown into a delirium of joy. Impromptu peace celebration:
were organized, and later official denials of the report scarce!]
; served to check them through the evening.
In answer to a question at 4 p. m. as to whether the Wai
Department had any confirmation of the report that the arm?;*?
i tice had been signed Secretary Baker said :
I "We have no confirmation. So far as the War Depai^mcnt is cor