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FROM THE GOVERNORS OF TWELVE STATES
Calling Women to Business and Industrial Service j
FromGov.CharlesS. Whitman ofN. Y.
THE part that is being played by the women of this
nation and of the nations of our Allies in helping
to win the war is an inspiration to every patriotic
citizen. Not only have our patriotic women entered the
service of the Army and Navy, performed miracles of
mercy in the nursing service and Red Cross work, and
in many other lines of patriotic endeavor, but they have
also entered the ranks of industry in vast numbers and
have learned to perform the tasks of skilled workers
and artisans. Many lines of work for which it formerly.
was thought women were unsuitable or not ?I'.fficiently
?skilful have now been opened up to women, and there
are many tasks admirably adapted to the deftness,
patience and skilful touch of women workers. The
tremendous withdrawals of men from industry and
from the farms have called for women to replace them
in increasing numbers. This war is a war of organized
industry and organized nations. To accomplish the
great task of winning the war, it is necessary that sup?
plies and munitions be made and transported to our
armies in vast and increasing quantities. This task
could not be done without the help of the great army
of wom?n workers, and it is only right and proper
that we recognize the value of the service rendered by
At the same time, let me urge caution in the matter
of substituting women for men in industry in order that
we may do no injustice either to the women or to die
nation itself. We must not forget, in the hurry of events,
that the women are the home-keepers and mothers of
the race. Their health and strength must be maintained
at all hazards. Proper standards of working condi?
tions, of hours of labor, wages, etc., must be main?
I believe firmly in the principle of equal pay for
equal work. By that I do not mean that every woman
worker should receive the same pay as a man doing a
like job. But if the woman turns out the same amount
of product with the same degree of skill she should un?
questionably receive the same pay. Wages in such a
situation should be determined by the ability of the
women to do the work and to turn out the same product
as the men. Most assuredly we should not permit the
health of our women to be broken down by too hard
work or permit them to work for such small wages as
to compel them to work over-long hours and undergo
we'aring fatigue in order to make a decent living wage.
We will be short-sighted indeed if we permit profiteering
in women's work or allow the unscrupulous employer to
make an exorbitant profit out of the patriotism and
skill of the women who, from choice or necessity, are
turning to industrial pursuits.
New York State has taken advanced ground in
the matter of protection of women in industry. Its laws
for the protection of women workers are perhaps the
best of any state. Recently there has been created,
with my approval, a special bureau in the State Indus?
trial Commission known as the Bureau of Women in
Industry, at the head of which ip a woman who has
made a lifetime study of the conditions of women
workers. It is the function of this bureau to investigate
particularly the conditions of women workers in
factories and stores. New York State can be depended
upon to take no backward step in such an important
matter as the health, well-being and just treatment of
its women workers.
From Gov. Edge of New Jersey
ONE of the greatest inspirations to the men of the
land has been the women of the nation in canteen
service, Red Cross work and Young Women's
Christian Association work and other war activities.
They have willingly given their beloved sons to their
country. And now it seems that we must call upon
them for still further service to take the place of hun?
dreds of thousands of men who must shoulder the
It is apparent that we must send at least three
million more recruits to France. This will mean the
withdrawal from the ordinary walk of life of about ten
to fifteen millions of men to support these soldiers while
in France. Women can fill many of their places. They
can also take the places of hundreds of thousands of
other men who, in turn, can take up the work of the
boys who have gone. Clerical work and all light manu?
facturing can be done by the women. I believe the
women of this land will follow the example of their
sisters in France and England and other allied nations
and give to their country the service of their hands as
they have already given their warm and generous hearts
From Gov. Sidney J. Catts of Florida
-%/"OrJ ask me to write 150 words stating why I
Y think it is so necessary that women who have
never worked before com^ forward now and re?
lease men for more important war work.
This is necessary in the first place because by re?
leasing men we put more man power into the essential
work of this Republic, into the army work of the United
States and across the seas, which we all know will
shorten the duration of the war. This, of course, is a
very patriotic standpoint to view woman's work from,
but 1 claim that every ounce of American. English or
French manhood saved by the work of women shortens
the war just that much; besides, it makes woman inde?
pendent and puts her in a sphere where she can render
true and noble service, .not only.during the war but
after it shall terminate and victory perch upon our
banner. There will be much constructive work to be
done in this country, wherein the tender womanly touch
and kind, intuitive sympathy of woman will be one of
the most valuable assets. Aside from this, woman is
demanding the ballot, and if she is going to vote and
take the prerogatives and privileges of men she must
stand in the forefront of our working brigades and
working units, thus showing herself equal not only for
the privileges and pleasures of citizenship, but for its
hard work as well.
As Governor of the State of Florida, in order that
no slackers be in my office I have discharged all men
and the office work in the Governor's department is
done entirely by four consecrated, noble young women,
wholly willing and anxious to do their best for their
country in this time of warfare, danger and trouble.
I appeal, in conclusion, to the noble-minded
women of America, who are our mothers, wives and
sisters, that they each and every one do their best in the
different departments of work now open to them that
they may thus save the lives of those of our boys across
the briny deep and bring them back to us once again in
health and happiness.
From Gov. Arthur Capper of Kansas
VICTORY?and we know no other ending of the
war?is now merely a question of man power.
The enemy will collapse as soon as sufficient
pressure is applied.
Let it then be done quickly. The sooner the vic?
tory is won, the more complete, the inore glorious it
The man-power needed in field and trench is go?
ing forward at a speed that has astonished the world.
But for every soldier sent overseas a score of workers
are needed in those industries that are essential to the
support of our arms and the maintenance of our people
and our allies. 1 he need in the industries is so impera?
tive that failure to meet it spells delay, disaster, defeat.
There is more work to do than there are men to
do it; more jobs than men to fill them. Our only salva?
tion is to call upon the heroic, patriotic women of
America to do as their sisters in England and France
are doing: turn to difficult tasks undreamed of a few
short months ago, and take the places left vacant by
the men who are fighting and dying for the world's
freedom. The women of America hold in their hands
the clock of Fate. They can name the hour of Victory.
From Gov. Cornvell of West Virginia
THE ever-increasing number of men being called
into the military and naval service of the country
presents a problem that can be solved in but one
way. Every time a new draft on the man power is
made for the army it increases the number of men
needed in ammunition factories and in the shipyards,
t for the larger the army the more ships are needed to
transport the men overseas and to carry the supplies
and the more men are needed to manufacture the sup?
The time is fast approaching, indeed, it is here
now, whtn every ablebodied man must engage in some
kind of war work?in an occupation or industry essen?
tial to a direct support of our fighting men.
The places of the millions of men who must go
into war work can be supplied only by women. The
failure of the women to take these places would invite
economic, then military, disaster. it is not only the
duty of the women in this crisis, a duty many are un?
dertaking cheerfully and happily, but it ir a g*eat privi?
lege, a great opportunity, which no patriotic woman
will fail to accept if she is in a position to do so.
From Gov. Frank O. Lowden of Illinois
EVEN before the war, women were taking a more
and more important part in the work of the
world. In many of the professions, and in other
pursuits, they were already holding their own with the
men, and winning conspicuous success. And now that
the war has made heavy drafts upon the men engaged
in essential industries, the employment of women has
greatly increased. They are meeting their new obliga?
tions in a fine spirit, and with entire satisfaction. They
have earned the right to have exactly the same rewards
as men, when they render the same service. This is
simply justice. Nor do I doubt for a moment that the)'
will play as important a part in the work of reconstruc=
lion as they are playing now in the war.
We can look forward more confidently to the so?
lution of the problems which peace will bring because
of the training and discipline which the women of the
world are getting in war time.
It has also been shown that a large participation in
war activities by women has in no sense affected inju?
riously the home. In fact, the family has taken on a
new worth and a new dignity, just because of this par?
ticipation. As the war proceeds, the problem for every
patriotic woman of America is how much time she can
spare from the home for work made necessary by the
war. When she has answered this question, and has
given all of the time she can to this work, she has a
right to feel that she is helping equally with the men in
the trenches to win the war.
From Gov. Frederick D. Gardner of Mo.
THERE exists no basis for the fear that the entrance
into the industries of women will sap the unified
strength of organized labor. If the fear still
flourishes it will give way before the end of the war to
warmest admiration and ar\ irresistible desire to co?
operate with courageous American women who have
not hesitated to sacrifice their feminine predilections on
the altar of "force to the utmost." In a short time labor
will be organizing the women on a large scale. This
will be a justifiable step, simply asa precaution against
any attempt to take an unfair advantage of their labor
to the detriment of industrial justice.
There will surely be continued demand and op?
portunity for women in many lines of industry. Their
piesence will neither menace the moral force of labor
nor affect the standard of the wage if labor, as now in?
stituted, recognizes them as a legitimate evolution, wel?
comes them into the fold, and takes steps to protect
and encourage them in vocational employment. There
was need of some such practical outlet -for the energy
and ingenuity of practical American women, faced with
the necessity of earning a livelihood. Now that the
need has been supplied, let us cultivate and develop the
field in a manner calculated to add to the lustre of
American labor and provide greater opportunity for
the utilization of American capital.
From Gov. J. A. A. Burnquist of Minn.
THAT America and the Allies will win the war
even the most pessimistic will now admit, but we
must continue our efforts to the utmost so that
the day of victory will be hastened. Our danger now is
that many patriotic citizens will be too optimistic so that
they will relax their efforts and postpone the day of
The War Department is calling men into the army
as rapidly as it can train them and furnish needed sup?
plies. At the same time a larger and larger number of
men must be put to work making munitions, building
ships and transporting supplies. All this time many of
our everyday activities must go on. In many trades
women have already to a large extent supplanted the
men, but more are needed. Many women have already
come forth, attracted by the increased wages. Others
are so situated that high wages are no incentive. Here
we must appeal to patriotic motives. With women
as with men, it is essential that all lay aside such tasks
as are unnecessary and such as can be postponed until
after the war, and engage in such labor as will directly
or indirectly aid in winning the war. Surely when the
patriotic appeal is combined with the offer of good
wages, the appeal will not be in vain.
From Gov. Simon Bamberger of Utah
THE success of our army on the battlefront is
measured in the support accorded by the army
at home. The victory to be won at home in?
cludes production and conservation to the utmost that
our army in the field may be munitioned and fed and
that the civil population of our Allies may be provided
Prior to the war the vast majority of the members
of our field army were engaged in productive occupa?
tions. It is now the battle of the home army not only
to maintain pre-war production but to augment it and
to conserve to an extreme degree. 1 here seems but one
answer?the conservation of man power to the utmost.
To accomplish this result women must engage in pro?
ductive occupations. ?Some already have and thousands
are engaged in work of mercy. Others must take the
places of men now in the field army and of men called
to heavier duties.
If the great victory now in sight is to be won the
womanhood of America must realize the duty imposed
upon it and not falter. I am confident that its most
honored traditions will be maintained. Slackers among
women will be countenanced no more than slackers
?f T? ,
From Gov. Emanuel Philipp of Wis.
!0 far as women of Wisconsin arc concerned, it has
not been found necessary to stimulate them. They
have come forward from all walks of life with a
readiness and enthusiasm that is inspiring. Back of this,
it seems to me, is the fact that women are finding them?
selves. The war has engendered a spirit of earnest re?
sponsibility which reaches to every home; and not only
the necessity of substituting for the men who are called,
but the feeling that it is a solemn privilege as well as a
duty to do what lies in their power to preserve the lib?
erties of free peoples, is impelling them.
All this tends to dignify labor. So firmly has this
sense of individual responsibility for the preservation
of free government taken hold of the peopJe that I be?
lieve a generation at least will have passed before we
shall have lost the feeling in this country that a leisure
class, whether of men or women, is an anomoly in a
From Gov. E. C. Harrington of Md.
N reply to your letter of September 27th, I will say
that in my opinion there is an absolute necessity in
our country for women who are in a position to do
so to come forward and engage in manual labor of the
kind which they have not heretofore engaged in so that
men might be released for more important war work,
and I know that they are doing so in large numbers
with us. Some of them may be doing it because of the
higher pay which is now offered, but a greater number
of them are doing it as a real patriotic duty, and they
are doing this work very efficiently. With the increased
amount of work to be done, and with the shortage of
man labor necessarily occasioned by the war, it be?
comes sn absolute necessity for women to come to the
country's aid at this time. I have great confidence that
they will do so.
From Gov. Brumbaugh of Penn.
iACK of our growing army?as it moves heroically
forward?must be an industrial army whose activ?
ities must not lessen. They must increase. As the
men take up arms, the women must take up hammers,
and in this way keep the resources available for the war
absolutely at a maximum. It is surprising to the un?
reflecting to note how many useful services women can
perform and it is incumbent upon them to work with
a will gladly for the Republic. They have already in so
many ways shown their loyalty and capacity that it is
only reasonable to expect that as soon as the need is
made known to our splendid women they will meet it
in a glorious way.
See Following Pages?Additional Pages
This Is Part of an Advertising Campaign to Induce Women to Enter Business and Industry.
ARE OPEN TO YOU
Will Be Published Next Sunday
The Above Letters Were Addressed to Mr. A. Seixcs of The New York Tribune.