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3few Ifork ?rlbune
first to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials
Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulation! .
SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 10, 1918
Owneti und published dallr b.f New York Tribune In?.,
a New York Corporation, Oiden field, Prcaldent; O.
Yernor Koger?. Vtce-l'resldant: Blchard U. I*e. Secretary:
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The Divino Right of Kingsi is out
The Kaiser has given up his title to
the German people and to German terri?
He said on Friday that he could not
?jee his way to abdicate. Yesterday he
abdicated. He had taken refuge at Spa,
hoping, with the support of the army
chiefs at Grand Headquarters, to save
his throne and dynasty.
It was too late. The spread of revo?
lution in Germany had imperilled more
than his own tenure and that of his royal
and imperial house. It had jeopardized
the existence of the empire and the con?
tinuance in power of Prince Max of
Baden's newly "democratized" parlia?
mentary r?gime. The whole political and
social order in Germany was tottering.
To save themselves the politicians in the
Reichstag had to shake off their backs
the dead weight of Hohenzollernism.
The Kaiser and the Crown Prince have
been eliminated. Prussia is left without
a king or an heir apparent. The other
kings, the grand dukes and the reigning
princes are going into exile. A national
constituent assembly is to be elected to
frame a new imperial constitution. Uni?
versal suffrage for all the states is to be
decreed and the suffrage is to be given
to women. The last great bulwark in the
world of royal divine right and political
autocracy has been demolished. Kaiser
ism has gone the way of Czarism. And
time and the conditions of the ai'mistice
?an alone determine how far Germany
will drift toward Bolshevism and that
internal chaos which has overtaken Rus?
How often have we been told that there
could never be a revolution in Germany!
The German people, it was argued, were
too docile, too inured to discipline, too
respectful of constituted authority, to
rise against their masters.
There was a measure of truth in the
prediction that the German public would
not revolt against Kaiseriam. That pub
He has never sought freedom as an end
in itself. There has never been in Ger?
many since 1848 a genuine or widespread
spirit of protest against despotism as
such. The German Michel has never
been a democrat. There has been no
trace in his sentiments of a moral re?
action against the harsh and autocratic
ideal of the Prussianized state.
His attitude toward the government
has been absolutely materialistic. He
was for it so?long as it promised returns.
Germany in the last three decades has
been mad for conquest, for economic ex?
pansion, for prosperity achieved by the
sword, for wealth and power acquired at
the expense of weaker nations. All
classes were eaten up with soulless
cupidity. So all classes were willing to
:tand by the government when it de?
clared a war of conquest and so long
hereafter aa it seemed to be on the road
There was some whimpering in 1917
Alien German prospects darkened a
little. The unrest of that time showed
itself in the passage of the Reichstag
resolution declaring for a peace without
indemnities and annexations. But when
Russia collapsed and was dismembered
at Brest-Litovsk all Germany rallied
again to a government which appeared
to have Eastern Europe and Central
Asia within its grasp.
There is only one sin which the Ger?
man people have ever charged against
their government?the sin of defeat.
The revolution which is sweeping Ger?
many is a revolution against a more lib?
eralized government than the empire has
ever known before. That government is
being torn down not because it is trying
to remain reactionary or oppressive, but
because it has lost the war. Germany is
turning toward Bolshevism not because
it believes very much in Bolshevism, but
because it wants to vent its rage against
a r?gime which promised it the booty of
two continents and failed to bring any
of that booty home.
Germany at war presented for more
than four years a remarkable spectacle
of political unity. But that unity was
artificial. It had no moral basis. It was
a unity of greed. The clearest-sighted
of living German*, Dr. Wilhelm Milhlon,
put on record back in the earliest days
of the war his conviction that German
unity, such as it was, would not with
i Und the shcjjc of defeat. He described
the strong-arm means by which a soli?
darity of opinion had been secured. Then
be-made this prediction: .
But let distress and defeats come, and
the Potemkin village of national unity will
be blown away, despite the props of mili?
tary law. If any one in Germany to-day,
enthused by our victorious progress,
should nay gloatingly thut it is only a
matter of a week or two before a revolu?
tion breaks out'in Paris, he might be
right, provided that the French army hud
already been destroyed. But it would not
be any different in Germany if Germany
should lose the war.
I* has not been any different. The
revolution is under way. The Kaiser has
been dethroned. Yet those who have de?
throned him have not changed their spots
or their morality overnight. Only a
chronic. sentimentalist would be misled
into thinking that a change of govern
| ment, accomplished in much the same
! manner as a man changes his coat, can
absolve Germany from a reckoning for
her manifold crimes against humanity.
It cannot free the deposed Emperor or
the deposed grand dukes and princes
from their responsibility for the infa?
mies of German warfare. It leaves Ger?
many's debts undischarged and her
measure of repartition undiminished.
We did not make war on the German
government. We made war on a people
which supported that government in all
its brutal aggressiops and in its whole
programme of frightfulness. A de
Kaiserized Germany is still a Germany
j outlawed and unrepentant. It must be
I dealt with as such.
The majestic figure of old "Papa"
Clemenceau stood forth in all its grand?
eur in that scene in the French Senate
when he took the heartfelt thanks of his
countrymen and gave them his message
of deep emotion and stanch wisdom.
It has been France's glory not only
that her people, her poilus, her women,
her children, have led the Allies in hero?
ism, in faith, ?^sacrifice, but that in the
crucial "last quarter of an hour" of the
war she has produced the two great men
of the war, the two transcendant figures
to whom all the World looks with admi?
ration and affection. Premier Clemenceau
expressed his pride that the Senate had
coupled his name with that of Marshal
Foch. That is the verdict of all the Al?
lies, we think, and beyond the fact words
could not go.
There was a splendid humility in the \
Premier's words to the Senators who j
thronged about him?the sincere humility j
of a strong man. There was in addition i
the profoundest advice to his country- |
men : "It is harder to win peace than to
win the war. We must so act that ;
France will resume the place in the world
of which she is worthy. More than ever I
must she gather herself up; more than
ever must she be disciplined and strong." \
"Disciplined and strong!" We think j
the American people are steadily coming j
to a realization of the demands which i
the coming months and years will make ;
upon them. An armistice, peace itself, !
are but the beginnings of vast responsi- ;
bilities in a world of fresh tests and new
problems. May we find leaders in the ;
years to come as wise and strong as this
grand old man of France!
At the Abyss.
Tliis is the clay set for the Red Terror
in Russia, the final act of savagery
crowning a record of massacre and mur?
der without parallel in the history of rev?
olutions. Elsewhere on this page we give |
a German picture of the Bolshevik ''
slaughters, a forecast of what may at |
this very moment, be staining the soil i
of Russia. It is peculiarly interesting, !
aside from its vivid detail and fact, from
the light which it sheds on the German I
mind. Germany created, financed and
loosed this monster. Now ' she dreads
and laments the consequences, not only !
to her neighbor, but to herself.
Meantime the signs multiply that the
paranoiac terrorists of Moscow are by
no means insensible to the change that
has come over their status. If to-day's
final slaughter of the property-owning
classes of Russia is stayed it will not be
from any sentiments of justice or mercy,
but simply from fear of the fate which is
fast closing in upon the Bolshevik lead- I
ers. They find themselves at last ringed
about by forces which are soon to call j
them to a. stern reckoning.
Germany, in the throes of defeat; has j
deserted them. The new government in
Berlin has broken off relations with !
L?nine and Trotzky, the purchased
agents of the Ludendorff r?gime. Not
a single power is left which is willing to I
stand between them and their fate.
It is no wonder that they are plead- ;
ing for "peace negotiations" with the
Allies. Only a couple of weeks ago
they impudently called on the Allies to '
evacuate "invaded Russian territory" as
a preliminary to a peace of understand?
ing. Since then they have had the ef?
frontery to offer to allow the Czecho?
slovak forces in Siberia and Eastern
Russia to return to Slovakia, stipulating
that the latter should lay down their i
arms. The Czecho-Slovaks do not need I
permission from Moscow to.return home.
They will return on their own terms.
If they are in a hurry the way is already
open to them down the Volga to the Black
Sea, which will soon be under Allied
control. No Czecho-Slovak would
dream of accepting a safe conduct
through Russia as a gift from the mur?
derer? in Moscow, whose doom is already
On what basis could the Soviet gov?
ernment expect to make peace with the
Allies? It betrayed Russia to Germany.
It has been a malignant enemy of the
Allied cnttse. It is a noxious criminal
growth?a pure military despotism ex?
isting by virtue of wholesale assassina?
tion. It does not represent Russia. It
is neither Russian nor Slav. It was
bullion German subsidies ?nd has been
kept in power by Lettish mercenaries.
On any fair application of the principles
of "self-determination" and political
morality its heads would be haled un?
ceremoniously before a court martial
and sent to face a firing squad. ?
The Allies have now ample forces j^,
hand with which to purge Moscow >?
Petrograd of the criminals
there as a Russian government, toV
Russia of Soviet terrorism and<jm4 .
store order and at least a semblajfce'^of^
a nationalistic r?gime. That is one* of
the urgent duties of world pacifica^ou,'
It will be performed without any rega^ij.,
to the protests or feelings of the Lenlire
and Trotzky coterie of cutthroats, -They,
are outlaws. ' The blood of tens of thou?
sands of murdered non-combatants.?,
on their hands. They will pay their^fuH*
debt to justice. And of their infamous
reign of savagery only a ghastly memory
For the sake of Russia in the yearg t&
come may to-day's threatened massacre
not be added to the long roll of terrorism
which has gone before and which has
already drained the nation of her best'
In a Railroad Car
That railroad car, somewhere. , jn
France, wherein a marshal of France
read the fate of a nation to German del?
egates seeking peace is likely to puss
into history along with the Apporaattox
apple tree. It is an unforgettable rJict-.
ure in its simplicity and directness.
When General Foch entered the Ver?
sailles conference he was described .as
entering alone,'without'staff or attend?
ants. The picture in the railroad car
is of a piece with this ? democratic^
The terms of the armistice are\ the
essential part of the negotiations. ?,B,Ut.
simple physical facts take a more power?
ful hold upon a people's imagination.,
And for- the people of Germany, as for
the peoples of the world, now and in the
years to come, the unforgettable fact;
will be that German delegates, through
the petition of their government, went
to France to begN peace. They who had
been so arrogant crossed the line blind?
folded?a routine military precaution,
yet not without its part in the historic-,
picture. Since Henry IV, Holy Roman
Emperor, went to Canossa and waited
in a courtyard for a Papal absolution
there has been no more utter and humil?
iating act of submission by a great
That scene in a railroad car, with its
import and consequences, is the most
wholesome event in the history of the
German nation. May its significance
sink in and remain to warn and humble.
Dr. John H. Finley, State Commission?
er of Education, has recently returned
from the Holy Land. He went from
Egypt to Palestine by airplane in two
hours. It took the children of Israel
forty years to cover that distance. ,.
"Ding's" War Seru&i
James li. Weaver, in The Des Moines
N THESE last great days, and they airfrv
the last, when the blond beast ?ftrer- ..
man militarism is snarling in futile rage :
at the glistening bayonets that hedge/about j
h?s lair, there is. in the language of Admiral i
Schley, for every man and woman who has
loyally served the nation in the world ;
crisis, "glory enough to go around." A \
share may be appropriated by the humblest
private in the ranks, both in civil and: mitt* ;
tary life, quite as rightfully as by those '?
who bear the names that fill the headlines.
Let us beware, indeed, of him who in the
days just ahead would capitalize his service
for personal ends.
In thinking over the last four years of
public discussion, however, I am sure we \
are all alike thankful for certain voices
that have especially helped America t?
visualize clearly the tremendous ?3sues'that
have inhered in the world drama, and I m?y
be pardoned, I feel certain, if I yield-to',
state pride for a moment to mention ,ju*t
at this time one outstanding name. It is
that if Jay N. Darling. , i
Darling's unfailing grasp of the underly- |
ing thtyight of the Allies as it gathered in j
power and determination, and his thorough- |
ly distinctive and .always delightful te?h- l
nical skill, have won for him, and wd' are 'all ? !
proud of it, the very front rank among the ;
world's cartoonists, and made of his pencil
one of the vibrant moral forces in the great
spiritual contest now reaching ita climax./
I speak of a spiritual contest, for Crcv.- ?
many's challenge to the soul of humanity, !
if unrestricted, meant the moral atrophy of J
the world. The marshalled material,pulwar
of the Allies was but the vehicle of ..thiurj
determination, the thunder of their, guns
the voice that sounded their spiritual pur?
I remember as a boy the cartoons-'of
Thomas Nast, the Andy Johnson r?gime, the,
Greeley campaign, the Tweed scandal, etc.
His fame is secure as the pioneer among
those who have portrayed the daily thought
and purpose of a people, and his cartoorft
are an imperishable part of the history of
certain great periods. But Darling's work
is broader in its scope, moves in a far more
complex world, shows a keener technical
skill, and in the last four years has had* in
challenge and inspiration, a drama immeas?
urably deeper in import than that of ,??y
other period in the worldS history, sure
one. ; i
War Names in the News
Maubeuge.mo-hussh (o asjn >.t
bo; u as in blur).
Charlerol.aharl-rwah . XV
Bols de U Montagnlbwah-du-lah-maun*
tany* (first u as in*:.*
Ilazeil les.ba-zay' ??'.-?'
Frcnois..frun-wah i u as in - ,f>^
* Nasal n.
An Anzac Poet
Signaller Tom Skeyhill
The author of these verses is Signaller Tom
-, fSlceyhi?, of the Sth Anzacs. He served through
. the Galliyoli campaign, was twice wounded and
\ finally blinded fighting the Turks. He teas sight
\4 less for two years, recovering 7ns vision in Wash?
ington last Hay. A3 a speaker for the Red Cross
?and. the Liberty Loan he did extraordinary vjork,
raising 120,000,000 for the latter at the Metr?poli
'. ]ten Opera House on October 9. In Australia, hie
'native country, he is known as "The Boldier
Poet," and hie books of verses have had a wide
sale there. He is the author of "The Boldier
1'Songs . of Anzac" and "Poems of the Peninsula."
?'?nother book of soldier verse, ?? "Songe of an
Anzac," is to be published shortly. by Doubleday,
i. Page <f Co., and it is from, this ?collection that
these poems are taken. He was on the French
hospital ship on which Rupert Brooke died, and
he knew him well.
THERE, where poppies bloom, and fields
With unknown heroes' graves, remorseless,
And swifter than the lightning it may'come
From . unknown depths where earthly joys
Where Love is lost, the quickening pulse is
And Death's rhythmical beat is audible.
Or' in the trench where golden hearted
?'Clad in the panoply of grace and right,
Sublimely pours the sweet red wine of
A surf of blood upon the sea of Might.
Think This of Me
FRIENDS, I am no longer the careless lad
You Knew so well in days of Peace.
Swift maturity and the selfish things
And thoughts are mine no more. Instead
A nobler sense within and I am glad
That it is so. For two years I have had
The company of heroes, purple clad,
Baited like eagles and prouder than kings.
Hurrah ! I March to Fight the Foe
HURRAH! Hurrah! I march to fight tlje
And satiate this consummate desire
that bids me leave my native land and go
Where foreign fields will glut my youthful
-With strange adventures and .the red
Of battle with the foe that sacked Louvain
And ribbed the purple hills of Northern
With desolate despair and outraged slain!
Hurrah! Hurrah! I march on through the
To tread the sacred scarp where comrades
In ditches deep! Perhaps where cannon
Some darkened gallery may be my tomb.
If bo I offer thanks to Him on high
For grand it is in Freedom's Cause to die.
My Little Wet Home in the
:'$ i Written on the firing line)
I'VE a little wet home in the trench
Which tHe rain storms continually
Blue sky overhead
Mud and clay for a bed
And the stone that we use for a bench.
Bully beef and hard biscuits wc chew
It seems years since we tayted a stew
Shells crackle and scare
But no place can compare
With my little.wet home in the trench.
Our friends in the trench all the way
Seem f*o know that we've come here to stay,
They rush and they shout,
But they can't get us out,
Though there's no dirty trick they don't
They rushed us a few nights ago,
But we don't like intruders, and so ,
Some departed quite sore,
Others sleep evermore,
Near my little wet home in the trench.
I AM content and in each pulsing vain
An exultation born of triumph appears
And here amidst the wounded and the slain
I cast aside the foolishness of years
To vindicate the promise of my blood again.
God knows, oft in the waywardness of youth
I've staggered blindly from the path of
To take the trail where lust and joy were
At least I thought them real?and thus
Have stained my pedigree and damned my
Had I not taken'up" the sword for France.
And So the Days Go By
AND so the days go by,
All filled with majesty and stateliness.
fhe eastways slant of* the morning beams,
Turns subtly into noon,
And with a secrecy beyond belief
The hours pass
And the long rays slant into the west.
They tint the heavy phloxrheads red like
And make black shadow of the pale wild
The hills beyond the lake drift iar away,
Unreal and blue.
Unreal and pure and fey?
(Oh, the long hour and the rising mist!)?
Is the frail beauty of the twilight grey!
HELEN LOUISE BIRCH.
FOUR long years you waited as you
faced the Hun,
Outnumbered marr for man and gun for gun.
But, eh! the anguish of your prayer at
"God give me men to carry pn Thy fight!"
And, lo! the waters parted; see, they've
The night is ended,and the day begun.
GEORGE S. TREVOR.
'Aviation: Field Na, 2.
At the Abyss!
rO-DAY, November 10, is the date set for the greatest
atrocity ever staged in this world, namely, the massacre
of all the property-owning and! middle class people of
Russia by the Bolsheviki, who intend at ?ne stroke to extermi?
nate the hated bourgeoisie. It has been in contemplation for a
long time. Elaborate preparations have been made. Last iveek
the Russians appealed to the Allies to save their country from
this unimaginable calamity?but how?
, The following article, reprinted in "The New Europe,"
from the "Frankfurter Zeitung" of September 27, gives a re?
markable picture of the Russian background, from, the German
point of view. It is a picture of twofold interest, showing as
it does the Russiari terror and the German's horror of the thing
he hflned to set loose in the world.
IF THE world were not so divided that
what is said in any one pagt of it fails
to carry weight, the time would now be
ripe formally to protest against what 'Is
happening in unhappy Russia. The mo?
ment has arrived for the whole of human?
ity to make an appeal against the horrible
things that are occurring in all Russian
towns: the organized extermination of an
entire class of society, as well as the de?
struction of countless lives., . . .
It is an immense massacre of St. Bar?
tholomew which has thrown its deadly
shadow over Russia in these last days of
The cities of Moscow and Petrograd
There is not a apul left in these cities
who is sure of his life. No matter whether
guilty or innocent, by reason of a mere
suspicion, or according to lists promiscu?
ously compiled, people are daily arrested
by the Special Commission, sent to the
verminous, overfilled pri?ons and shot
after a few hours. They are usually shot
in the early hours of the morning, under
the brilliant light of the searchlights of
the motor lorries which are loaded with
victims, either In the little wood of Scme
novskaja Sastava, or on the Chodynka
Houses and furniture are requisitioned
in all parts of the town; evacuation orders
spare neither the small bourgeois families
living in lodgings nor the rich in the great
boulevards. There are neither sufficient
vehicles nor workmen available to cope
with the numberless removals. Families
with small children have to pass the night
in the street. In certain houses only
pianos, pictures and clocks are requisi?
tioned by the evacuation committees for
their clubs. Sailor committees make sure
of the richest houses for themselves, and
those left in charge appropriate for their
own use the works of art or the wine
The whole of Moscow is shaken by the
Terror as by an ague, and the Terror is, in
the first place, born of revenge.
After the attempts on Uritzki and L?nine,
and when the plan for a new revolution
supported by the English and French had
been betrayed, the- "Dictatorship of the
Proletariat" announced by the Bolshevists
rapidly grew to a general terrer.
A general terror is, above all, the ex?
treme reaction against the deeds of a po?
litical party which had, from the begin?
ning, included terror in its theoretical pro?
gramme. The theory of the Communists
is based on the principle that man is to be
considered as the product of conditions;
the, social struggle is, therefore, to be car?
ried on with the aim of attaining a radical
improvement of conditions. Bot the men
tal armor of the Social Revolutionaries
includes tfrc principle that conditions are
the product of personalities, and that
therefore in the first place responsible per?
sonalities must be exterminated.
Every Friday evening agitation meetings
are held in the railway stations and work?
ing class suburbs of Moscow, at all of which
members of the government make speeches
in order to keep the masses primed. At
one of these meetings, on August 81, in the
Michelsen works in the suburb across the
Moskwa, the attempt on Leninc's life was
made. Oti this occasion Krylenko, who,
with his Ukrainian compatriot Skripnik, is
looked upon as one of the authors of the
Terror, announced, amid stormy applause,
that as a reply to the attempt on L?nine the
ex^Ministers Sceglovitov, A. N. Hvostov and
Beletzki had been shot and the instigators
of the Anglo-French conspiracy ' had been
handed over to the revolutionary tribunal.
Well Schooled Agitators
In the people's club in the Lefortovski
district?that typical half-rural workmen's
quarter in the north of Moscow?as well as
in the neighboring barracks of the 1st
Soviet Regiment, Radek discussed the sub?
ject of the evening. The Bolsheviki are
well-schooled agitators, but there are no1
many who are able to hold the masses likt
this small, insignificant-looking man wit!
the forehead and eyes of a scholar and th?
brutal, eloquent mouth of a demagogue
Radek speaks Russian badly; he has t
Polish accent and German construction?
but he speaks in a simple, strightforwan
fashion which the masses can comprehend
He reminded the people that after th
November revolution the Soviet govern
ment had allowed the Minister of Financ?
Terestchenko, to go free in consequence o
his old mother's entreaties, as also Ger
erais Kornilov, , Kaledine and Krasnoff
those who were later on the leaders agains
the Bolsheviki. He reminded them of th
notorious Radko Dimitrieif, who befoi
Przemysl sent 80,000 Russian soldiers 1
their deaths, only 20,000 returning. The en
of his speech contained an appeal to'tr
Terror against the bourgeoisie which he
remained at home during the war, con
fortably discussing "war to a finish" wit
MiliukorT, Buchanan and Kerenskv, whi
hundreds of thousands of Russian peasan
and laborers were starving, freezing at
dying on the various battlefronts.
The chief office of the special commissh
has been installed in the house belongii
to the "Russian Insurance Company," in t!
Lubianka, and there it passes sentences
life and death on those who havt been ?
rested. In the streets groups of "prisone
are seen in charge of Red Guarda; alo
the Nikitskaja, one of the main stree
whose once popular shops are now mosl
closed, there pass the black prison vans.
Among those arrested in Moscow the
are over 100 German official-, who, in unite
of the protests of the German Consulate
General, have not yet been released; the;
have on the contrary, been distributed
among all the most distant prisons of tin
town. Suburban trains ?re guarded ii tk
railway stations, in order to present ???
The best known personages of the Cat
ist government had already been broo^kt
to Moscow several months before and ?ere
imprisoned in the Kremlin, where G?nent
Brusilov had also been taken. The only thing
that could be brought up against Brusilov
was the fear that he might possibly pit/
the part of a Skoropadeky in the event tfi.
the entry of foreign troops. According U
a local newspaper, twenty-nine of these
former dignitaries were shot without trial.
simply by order of the special commission
The official Red Terror in Russia?which
may any day become too strong for its
originators?is already being blended ?rit?
the Gray Terror of anarchy. In broad day?
light, money and goods arc taken in the
open streets by armed hordes, but the news?
papers do not publish much on that sub?
ject; though what does appear in them
daily is quite sufficient. Last Sunday the
beautiful bells of the Saviour's Church in
Moscow were silent for the first time; thie
most beautiful of Russian cath?drale, the
white walls and gleaming cupolas of wbitk
are a landmark visible from afar, is elo??
On the previous night burglars had bfol*
in and stolen all the valuable mass utenii.
vestments, flags and pictures?even thelS"
ver mountings of the Gospels disappeared.
From the neighboring villages reporte *l*
heard of organized hordes attacking ?'
tates, cottages and large country house*.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Information reaches this soeiety
and appears to rest upon a a obit*???1
basis of fact?that, through the generosity
and enterprise of the American Red Cre*Si
the French and Italian armies are b*"*"
supplied gratis, to the extent of thousand*
of gallons, with an ansesthetie which they
had been using for more than two y*4"
in smaller quantities and which being ?'
pable of and intended for local applicatif
eliminates all pain in the removing ?**
changing of bandages and the dresaing
wounds and gives first aid relief for W1
on the battlefield. Also, that becauM *?
red tape the American wounded would t?#
tinue to lack this very material nv&
Any one who has had a gauze bandage t*
moved from a wound will need no-.deaenP'
tion of tfie intensity of the suffering ?'
dured in the process. Can this state: o
affairs be remedied- assuming that the
is as stated? Verification can be k,?\*
arc informed, by cabling to the Amer!T_
Red Cross in Paris and to the medial f'
partments of the French and Italian arm??
Since the medical department of our aTW
has not acted at all in the matter (as?
are told), it would seem that direct M
by the Secretary of War is called ft', gj
it is recommended, therefore, that the ?*
tives of all wounded men tol?f?fMP
immediately respectfully requesting^
act at o?ce. It is further reapectfol y *?T
gested that if he ascertains by cum ??
the fact is as stated, he should e,bl* .
structions immediately directing t^'"""^'
employment of this anesthetic *h,e*
American Red Cross supplies gratis m v*w
Chairman Committee on A?1??*^
H. P. CBAI8.
Secretary American Defence
New York, Nov. 8, lMB.