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ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IlSt THE TRIBUNE
First to Last? the Truth
Vol. LXXVIII No. 26,296
New York Tribune Ine.l
News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
Fair to-day and probable Friday, sol
mach change in temp?rature; gen
tie west to northwest w ind?
Full Report ??s. rare 1.
NOVEMBER 11, 1918
* * *
Txrn rr\-T? 5 fa Greater ?w York mod f THKKE CK>T.
vc~^,T5>w?blB fommafio- dista??? | I isfwher*
Lloyd George for Justice, Not Revenge;
Wilson to Aid if Germans Keep Order;
Bolshevism Spreads to Neutral States
Nearly 10,000,000 Tons of
Steel Said To Be Re?
quired by France
Building Projects Amount?
ing to $20,000,000 Are
By Theodore M. Knappen
WASHINGTON. Nov. 13.?The second
siy following the announcement of an
naistlce found official Washington
tryiatT to determine some sort of a
general policy for the transitional
period and in some degree stupefied by
? ft? sue of the problems that confront
The War Cabinet was in session for
more wan three hours in an effort to
deteraine the general lines of action,
net ofljy to meet domestic conditions,
bat ?fcjMl;.y,?th t'n'a problems of as
si.UfflM to the Allies and of victual?
ing the enemy nations, whose situation
is represented as desperate.
?eferring to ex-Judge Gary's warn
i"f of a possible panic, Secretary Dan?
:,!? said that if the American people
_i_raina enough to win the war they
?aid be relied upon to have enough
U**fsvent peace hui'ting them.
"The naval programme goes on with
?at pause," continued the Secretary,
"sad will go on. Every vessel under
?S6tiuction, including those vcbscIs
oat were started to meet the emer
?.??cy, will bo completed. Every tor
Ndo boat destroyer, including the
lord Eagles, and every boat and struc
*.are*ve have ?started will be completed.
To Rush Unfinished Work
"Work will be rushed on the un?n- !
'?hed part of the 1016 regular pro- I
Srsmme for the expansion of the navy
?ad we expect to carry out the addi?
tional three year programme, calling ?
?a-? the expenditure of $050,000,000. ?
With the money now appropriated and j
authorized we could give employment j
?-itht and day for the next year to
wtry man in the country capable of 1
forking on a warship. The great dry- j
wtks for battle cruisers and battle
?ip? at Norfolk, Philadelphia and |
3?re Island will be completed."
Before leaving to attend the confer- j
?te Chairman Baruch, of the War j
tadaatries Board, had been in session j
**? the Iron and Steel Institute's war
?nice committee. The outstanding I
f*"t of these deliberations, Mr. Baruch ;
*M? was that tho steel men were [
?Miens to have the War Industries j
B-ttd continue its control of prices |
?he demands of peace on the t>tccl ?
i.ustry gee m likely to be as pressing j
??those of war. France and Italy are j
tilling on the United States for enor- I
'?i? qnantiti'.".; of steel for rccon- j
?traction purpose--. They must have j
??id can gut it nowhere else.
Want Regulation Continued
*? Tardicu said a few days ago that
pw? would need 6,000,000 tons. It
'?iderstood that he has now raised
** estimate, and that it is nearer 10,
jj^*- The steel men seemed to
** that to meet this demand, which
. *?Hy & part of the war demand,
^** "-.?e war ?.j responsible for it, as
J1' M to deal with the immense de
"** toreasen for domestic purposes,
_-"? will be required a further period
*'?Pression of individual initiative
*** we continuation of governmental
JjBtoion toward the attainment of
*** 1? merely a part of the general
tto!W,bod7 &t thc conference wan
^"?h on the prlo. question. It
i?R e^*'d Up to *in8*:rli'- but no ei*
j. **? made to come to any conclu
I c/ ?n this phase of tho subjects
??j.'-** l^e conf?rence was in the
ty, ** "linking aloud," but not of
^jj***1"^ of thc- subject of cancel
%|k 0? t:o",r"':''? Mr- Baruch said
?j nu ** k*4 n?j*, heard of any wholc
H*wUle? in that line. Asked if
?^??uld not be a reduction of
%t!_c- ltl* *te':l ?"'?"'?try, ho said
?j? <?id not look for any.
^>2??2^* w?t5 thc r*-Pre??nta
*^C*Minucd on ?x/ye four
Wheat Bread, ?
Is Back To-day
Hoover Lifts Order for Use
of Substitutes ; Urges
Bread and calje made of wheat flour j
without substitutes will appear on the ?
tables of homes and restaurants to?
day for the first time since l,ast May,
when the Food Administration's con?
servation programme became opera?
The Federal Food Board announced
yesterday that the regulation regard?
ing the use of 20 per cent of substi?
tutes with all baked products has been
rescinded, effective immediately.
Housewives may now purchase flour
without substitutes, and bakers, ho?
tels, restaurants and householders are
no longer required to use substitutes
"The rescinding of the substitute
rule follows the announcement made
by Administrator Hoover," said a state?
ment issued by the Federal Food
Board, "that owing to the end of the
war making available large supplies of
wheat in hitherto inaccessible markets
the use of substitutes in wheat.__.our
may now be abandoned.
"The return of clear wheat bread in
this country, however, docs not mean
that we should relax th? ??trtWWf?i xi-e
have practised since the war began In
tho use of wheat flour. We must still
be saving in the use of breadstuff a,
buying no more than we actually need
and wasting nothing."
Loss of Audacious
In 1914 Announced
LONDON, Nov. 13.?Tho Admiralty
| to-night makes its first official an
! nouncement of the los3 of the battje
| ship Audacious, which sank after strik
1 ing a mine off thc North Irish coast on
! October 27. 1914.
The loss of the battleship officially
! was kept secret at the urgent request
j of the commander-in-chief of the
i Grand Fleet.
Left to Charity
By Mrs. Sage
Four-fifths of Estate Be?
queathed to Institutions
in Will Filed
To Her Only Brother
Legacies to Cousins Re?
voked Because Provided
for in Her Lifetime
Mrs. Russell Sage left $40,000,000 to
charitable, educational and religious
institutions in her will, which was filed
yesterday in the Surrogates' Court
These public bequests, some In spe?
cific outright amounts and other? as
parts of the residuary estate, repre?
sent about four-fifths of Mrs. Sage's
estate, which is estimated in the neigh?
borhood of $50,000,000. She received
$63,503,800 from the estate of her Hus?
There ?r'e in the will thirty-one spe?
cific institutional bequasts aggregating
$1,840,000, the largest of these being
$200,000 to the Idaho Industrial Insti?
Mrs. Sage divided her .residuary es?
tate into fifty-two equal parts, whicr
she distributed among thirty-six insti?
tutions. Each such share will amout.1
to about $700,000. The Russell Sag?
Foundation, which trie testatrb
founded eleven years ago with a fun.
of $10,000,000, receives seven auci
shares, thus being the largest of th<
institutional beneficiaries, with ap
The largest individual legacy is on?
Continued ???? last jxtgc
Total U. S. Casualties]
Put at 100,000 Men\
WASHINGTON, Nov. 13.?Of?
ficials here estimate that the total j
casualties of the American Expe- ?
ditionary Forces in the war will ?
not exceed 100,000, including men !
killed in action, wounded, died of
wounds, disease and accidents, and
It may be several weeks before
the record of casualties can be
completed. Many casualties in re- j
cent heavy fighting by the First <
and Second American armies have ?
not been reported.
An unofficial tabulation of pub- |
lished casualty lists, including
those of November 12, shows a
grand total of 71,390 men.
Ex-Kaiser, in I
Former War Lord, Now
Count Hohenzrollern, 1
Reaches His Haven
LONDON, Nov. 13.?The correspond?
ent of "The Daily Mail" say. ho hears j
that the former Emperor is not re- '
garded as an officer, because he ha* ,
resigned his titles and offices.
On the other hand, an Amsterdam
dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph
Company says Holland will permit
William Ilohenzollern to remain on
Dutch soil on the same terms of in?
ternment as other high officers of the
Germany army. He has taken thc
name of Count William Ilohenzollern
and is expected to buy an est?t, and
remain in Holland.
The "Telegraaf," of Amsterdam, says
Continued on next page
NOW ALL SHE HAS TO DO IS TO WASH THE DISHES, FEED AND QUIET THE
CHILDREN, STRAIGHTEN UP THE HOUSE AND PAY THE BILL
Radical Doctrines Spread j
to Switzerland, Norway j
Street Fighting in
Berlin Is Renewed'
British Demand Disarma
ment of Germany to Check i
While the Socialists are fastening j
their grasp more firmly on Ger?
many and German stria the
movement of revolt . appearing
in other countries. Sweden, Hol?
land and Switzerland are having
trouble with radical groups.
Fresh conflicts occurred in Berlin j
Monday in which the "Reds" ?*hot j
down adherents of the old r?gime ;
on Unter den Linden.
The Spartacus, or Bolshevik, grojip !
has lost some ground in its fight,
for power in the local soviet. The
"Lokal-Anzeiger," seized by the ?
Bolsheviki and renamed the "Red
Flag," has been returned to its
former owners by the Ebert gov?
Germany's southern frontier has
been closed. News of what was
going on in the Kaiser's one-time
realm was comparatively scarce
?\ general strike has been called in
Switzerland by the Socialists.
Independent Socialists in Sweden
have published a manifesto urging
the establishment of local soviets
and a national republic and de
manding demobilization and short?
er working hours.
Dutch Revolutionary Socialists are
advocating Russian methods to
obtain demobilization and food. A
new republican party has arisen
aiming at abolition of the court,
army, navy and diplomacy.
Spanish and Norwegian newspapers
express apprehension over the
spread of the radical movement
British newspapers favor disarm?
ing all Germany to prevent inter?
Street Fighting in
Berlin Renewed as
Two Factions Clash
COPENHAGEN', Nov. 13 (By The As?
sociated Press).?Fresh fighting brok?:
out in Berlin on Monday, according to
messages received here from the Ger?
man capital. Loyal officers opened
tire from thc royal ?tables and at?
tacked the revolutionaries with ma?
chine guns on the Unter den Linden.
Several persons wer? killed.
A Berlin dispatch says the Work?
men's and Soldiers' Council, in addi?
tion-'to abolishing the censorship, haa
lifted the state of siege and ordered
religious liberty and a political am?
Begin ing with the new year there is
to be an eifrht-hour working day in
Telegrams found in the palace of the
fermer German Crown Prince, accord?
ing: to a Berlin telegram to the "Na?
tional Tidende/' show that it had been
planned to send loyal troops from the
front to Berlin in an attempt to crush
I the revolution.
The "Vorw?rts," of Berlin, repudi
i ates the rumors current in Germany
' that the new people's government in
i tends to annul the war loan. The
! newspaper says that subscriptions to
i th.-1 ninth war loan have reached 10,
| 000.000,000 mark.-.'
Although tho Bolshevik group of tlie
German Independent Socialist party
is recognized as a separate organisa?
tion, it is still a decided minority
&iid the power rests in the hands of
tho .Majority Socialist.; and non-Bol
fh?vik Independents, says a Berlin dis?
patch tu the "fterlir.gske Tidende."
The dispatch adds that the soldiers'
representatives at the meeting on Sun?
day of the So!di??r?.' and Workmen's
Continued on page three
'Settle World/ Says Premier;
Food Plea to Go to Allies
President to- Intercede if
Use of Foe's Idle
Ships Is Suggested
Reply to Ebert's Appeal Is
Dispatched by Secre?
Washington, Nov. i3.-Ger-?
many's appeal for food has been an?
swered by President Wilson with the
promise that he will take up with
the Allies the question of sending
supplies if order be maintained and
an equitable distribution guaran?
Secretary Lansing handed to Min?
ister Sulzer of Switzerland to-day
a reply to a note delivered yester?
day, transmitting a message from
Chancellor Ebert on the subject.
Secretary Lansing's note follows:
"I have the honor to acknowledge
tho receipt of your note of to-day,
transmitting to the President the
text of a cable inquiring whether
this government is ready to send
foodstuffs into Germany without de?
lay if public order is maintained in
Germany and an equitable distribu?
tion of food is guaranteed.
"1 should be grateful if you would
transmit the following reply to the
"At a joint session of the two
houses of Congress on November 11
the President of the United States
announced that the representatives
of the associated governments in the
Supreme Council at Versailles have
by unanimous resolution assured
the peoples of the Central Empires
that everything that is possible in
the circumstances will be done to
supply them with food and relieve
the distressing want that is in so
many places threatening their very
lives; and that steps are to be taken
immediately to organize these
efforts at relief in the same system?
atic manner that they were organ?
ized in the case of Belgium.
"Furthermore, the President ex?
pressed the opinion that by the use
of the idle tonnage of the Central
Empires it ought presently to be
possible to lift the fear of utter
misery from their oppressed popu?
lations, and set their minds and
?nergies free for the great and
hazardous tasks of political recon?
struction which now face them on
"Accordingly, the President now
directs me to state that he is ready
to consider favorably the supplying
of foodstuffs to Germany and to
take up the matter immediately
with the Allied governments, pro?
vided he can be assured that public
order is being* and will continue to
be maintained in Germany and that
an equitable distribution of food
can be clearly guaranteed.
"Accept, sir, the renewed assur?
ances of my highest consideration.
Could Be Made Pay
.For Food, Sent Huns
(Special Dispatch to The Tribune)
" WASHINGTON, ?Nov. 13.?In connec?
tion with the task of ravictualing enemy
countries, the question has come un as
to just how much the American peopio
?a ill stand in tho way of continued
food restrictions for the purpose ot"
relieving the situation in Germany and
Austria. /The question has al.o arisen
of how the Germans and Austrians are
going to pay for the food they may
get from the United States.
One answer is that the billion dol
Comtinued on page four
French Would Punish
Ex-Rulers of Germany
"pARIS, Nov. 13.?Several mem
?*? bers of the Chamber of Depu?
ties to-day proposed a resolution
requesting the government to enter
into an agreement with the Allies
for the trial of all former rulers
who were responsible for the war.
Under the resolution the extradi?
tion of the rulers would be re?
quested, no matter in what coun?
try they have taken refuge.
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 13.?The
independent Socialists in the new
German government demand the
arrest of Admiral von Tirpitz,
former Minister of the Navy;
Major General Keim, president of
the German Army League; Dr.
Wolfgang Kapp, president of the
Fatherland party; Admiral von
Holtzendorff, former chief of the
Naval General Staff, and others,
and the establishment of a trib?
unal to try all persons primarily
responsible for the continuation of
the war and hindering peace, says
a Berlin dispatch.
Foch Tells Foe
. Be Modified
"Vorwaerts" Calls Termsj
"Terrible," but Urges J
LONDON, Nov. 13.?The Allied High
Command has sent to the German
High Command by French wireless a
messagf! that there can be no modifi?
cation of the conditions of the armis?
tice, including the annexes, at this
time. It is added that a supplemen?
tary period of twenty-four hours for
the evacuation of Belgium, Luxem?
burg and Alsace-Lorrain has been
added to the fourteen days stipulated
in the original text, so as to permit
the text to reach German headquar?
ter, at the desired time.
The message reads:
"At present no modification can bo
made to the conditions indicated by
the texts, including the annexes, at the
time of the signing of the armistice.
"A supplementary period of twenty
four hours for the evacuation of Bel?
gium, Luxemburg and Alsace-Lorraine
has been added to the period of delay
of fourteen days stipulated by the
original text, bo as to permit the
definite text arriving at the desired
lime at German headquarters."
PARIS, Nov. 13.?The German dele?
gates to the armistice negotiation,
have issued a statement assertirg that
a brief delay in the evacuation of oc?
cupied territory and delivering of roll?
ing stock is indispensable. They de?
clare that to withdraw the troops and
deliver the rolling stock immediately
*;<-ould render the execution of the
BASEL, No'.-.1'-?.?The Socialist "Yor
' _r*.:-:': o? Berlin do.crib-ss the Ger?
man armistice conditions as "t* .Tilde"
"Since tho old r?gime has ' jl?apsed,
the new government must * ccept the
conditions and execute U- m loyal'y.
The treaties have been sig.ed and must
be executed. It will bf the task of
the new government to c ?include rapid?
ly the best peace pos si'-/le."
Reds Guard Potsdam
Palace, W ?xere Family
Of Ex-Kf.iser Remains
CO?ENHAG ,'N, Nov. 13.?The New
Palace, at Pi- sdam. where the formar
German Em" .ress, the former Crorv-n
Princesa ar . other princesses and their
children a- j living, has been taken un?
der the protection of the Potsdam
Soldiers' and Workers' Council, The
former Empress has expressed to the
counc , according to a Berlin dispatch,
her *<*.?nk_ for the protection.
"Fair Play and Permanent
Peace" To Be Issue in
Britain to Demand
League of Nations
It Would Make Conscrip?
tion Unnecessary in Any
Counti-y, Says Statesman
LONDON, Nov. 13.?"One of the
principal issues at the forthcoming
general election will be the nature of
the peace settlement. It will mean
the settlement of the world."
Premier Lloyd George made this
announcement in an address to his
Liberal supporters November 11.
"What are the principles on which
that settlement is to be effected?" he
asked. "Are we to lapse back into
the old national rivalries, animosities
and competitive armaments, or are
we to initiate the reign on earth of
the Prince of Peace? It is the duty
of Liberalism to use its influence to
insure that it shall be a reign c?f
Peace Must Be Just
"What are conditions of peace'.
They must lead to a settlement which
will be fundamentally just. No set?
tlement that contravenes the princi
pies cf eternal justice will be a pet
manent one. The peace of 1871 im
posed by Germany on France out?
raged all the principles of justice
and fair piay. Let us be warned b;>
"We must not allow any sense of
revenge, any spirit of greed, any
grasping desire to override the fun
damental principles of righteom
ness. Vigorous attempts will be
made to hector and bully the gov?
ernment in an endeavor to make
them depart from the strict princi
pies of right and to satisfy some
base, sordid, squalid idea of ven?
geance and of avarice. We must re
lentlessly set our faces against that.
What Britons Favor
"The mandate of this government
at the forthcoming election will
mean that the British delegation to
ihe peace congress will be in favo;
of a just peace."
Lloyd, George in discussing th?"
question of a league of nations.
said that Euch a league was more
??ecessary now than ever. He
pointed out that the conditions
which prevailed in the Balkan? be?
fore the war were now affecting
practically two-thirds of Europe.
"A large number of small nation?
have been reborn in Europe," ht
continued, "and these will requir.
a league of nations to protect the-,
agaimst the covetousness of ambi
tious and grasping* neighbors. Ir
my judgment a league of nation
: is absolutely essential to permaner
Would Make Draft Needless
"We shall go to the peace confer
ence to guarantee that a league o
nations is a reality. I am one o
those who believe that without peac
we cannot have progress. A Leagu
of Nations guarantees peace an
guarantees also an all-round redu?
; tion of armaments, and that red'.i<
tion of armaments is a guaran?.
? that you can get rid of censcriptii
"Of course, we must have in th
I country that efficient army to poli
I the empire, but I am looking fc
i ward to a condition of things, wi
1 the existence of a League of>0?