Newspaper Page Text
Martial Law in
To Curb Riots
] 0^000 Reserves Summoiied
to Colors and Cadets Are
Recalled From Vaeation
2,000 Agitators Arrested
Prisoners Mostly Russian
Fugitives; Soviet Chief Is
Reported To Be Slain
BUENOS AYRES. Jan. 13 (By Thc
Associated Press). It was decided to?
day by the President nnd the Cabinet
to declare martial law in Buenos Ayres.
The date for the declaration has not
Ten thousand reserves have been
sutnmoned to the colors and the mili?
tary cadets have beon called from their
Thc total number of prisoners
taken by thc police is now re?
ported to be about 2,0000. The inter
rogation of Russian prisoners reveals
?hat nearly all of them were fugitives
from Russia on account of revolution
ary activities there. The prisoners in
clude 200 Catalonians, who fled after
tlie Barcclona uprising, which termi
nated w|h the execution of Professor
Francisco Ferrer, in 1909.
Pedro Wald, known as "president of
the Soviet government," is reported to
1 ave died from injurics received while
Thc prisoners. at present con
fincd in military barracks, boast the
Soviet government will b- resumed
May 1, but government authorities ar
contident that the arrest of the ring
leaders has put an end to the disturb
Some of the leaders resisted officers
and were lassoed and dragged to police
A few of thc large stores. in an ef?
fort to inspire contidence. opened their
doors and removed the steel shutters
'rom the display windows. As thc day
progressed other stores opened, taxi
cabs appeared in the streets t'or the
first time in several days and a partir.l
streetcar service was resumed.
Civilian guards, with rifles and
drawn revolvera. patroied the city Sun?
day, breaking up crowds and arresting
Patrols of guards were fired upon
several times from buildings during thc
day, it being charged that Maximalists
were guilty. Durintr the evening a "re
oentant Maximalist' confessed. accord?
ing to the military authorities, that
there had been a plot to destroy the
Plaza Hotel during tne night for the
purpose of killinc a man whose name
up to the present tias not been an?
nounced. A machine gun company was
sent to the hotel which houses the
famiiies of several American business
men on t:.i ssion - here.
Censored reports from tho interior!
indicate that the Maximalist movement.
is spreading to the principal cities,
notably Rosario, where a general strike
?was called Sunday morning. It was de?
cided m that eity not to dei'end the
poiice sub-statior.s, and all archives
and officers were concentrated at the
Attaeks on Police Serious
The attaeks Thursday night on Po?
lice Headquarters and police stations
were more serious, it is learned. than
was at tirst admitted. The fighting
bepan in front of the Congrassional
Palace, five blocks front headquarters.
Meanwhilc the roofs of buildings and
the street near by were crowded with
the attacking forces, awaiting the
Two auto trucks loaded with troops
started for the Congressional Palace,
but were fired on, and the automobiles
returned to headquarters just as thc
attacking parties poured in from four
directions, entirely suri'ounding tho
building. which occupies an entire
Aa an indication of thc seriousness
of the street fighting in Buenos Ayres
Friday an Allied army officer, who is
stopt.tr.7r here temporarily, ustimates
that 5.000 shots were fired in ten min
iring the attack on Poiice Head?
quarters by the sti ik< ri .
ay that the
authorities there are trengthening
their force- against ths Bolshevik
movement. Troops have been thrown
sround \i)n de Cerro, localizing strike!
' i to that d: itrii t wl ere there
?re American pai ? - '
30,000 (,o On Strike
!n Peruvian (itivs
LIMA, I'.-rti, Jan. i : By The Asso
c:?ted Pres A general strike involv
mg between 20,000 andJO.OOO men waa
ealled in I.ima and Callao to-day. Sev?
eral thouaand men also struck at the
Morocoha Copper .Mines of the Cerro
De Pasco Company.
Thc strike at I.ima and Callao waa
cailed in sympathy with 2.000 striking
eotton mill workeis. All stores, offices
and factories in both cities are closed
anJ interurban serviees have been sus
pended. Foodstuffa are virtually uuob
Uinable. Minor clashes have taken
P-ace between mobs and troops and a
number of the strikers. have been
*Ptinded. The Government apparently
'? itt full control of the situation.
Continued from page l
ncrs were wipcd out because they at
Short work was made bv tbe sol?
diers of looters who werecaught in
(be act, whilc civilians found carry- |
ing weapons without thc permission I
ot thc government were also stood up
against a wall.
There are indications that tbe Spar-!
tacides have begun to roalizc the
gravity of tbe situation Tor them. |
Their military leaders have resigned
| an'. Police Chief Eichhorn is reported'
to have moved his headquarters from i
l ohce Headquarters to tbe Boetzow]
Brewery, where be is stronfly in-1
Dr. Liebknecht, travclling in an au
| tomoble and protected bv a groun of
heavily armed Spartacides with a"ma
, chine gun, visited the newspaper 01
nccs while they were still in possession
; of his followers. He made short
| speeches oncouruiring the men not to
| weaken, but to shoot all tbe Ebert
! Scheidemann .supportors.
Fire on Truce Flag
Government forces have eaptured
, the Police Headquarters after a short
| bombardment. When tbe lightirg bc
I gan the troops fired a few shells and
I then waited to see what effect had
I !?'7:l made U-K,n llu' Spartacides.
I When the lattcr failed to show signs
I of yielding two men were sent for
ward with a white fla2r< demanding a
surrender. They were tired upon and
Killed bv tbe men holoing tbe building.
Artillery fire was then resumed for
, a few minutes and tne Soartacidei be
gan trying to fije. The soldiers thcre
upon stormed tbe bulding with a
cheer and took several hundrea pris-'
| oners. Xo government troops were1
| Killed in this encounter. lt is reported
that tne Bolsheviki are believed to I
have suffered the loss of fifty killed
and many wounded. Tbe soldiers were
? enraged at the shooting of the white
; flag bearers and the Bolsheviki are
. said to lmve fared badly in th- final
Take Kel'uge in Brewery
The canture of the headquarters was
| effected early Sunday morning. In tlie
, bombardment the government troops
i used 10.5 centimetre field pieces. The
| real revolutionary headquarters for the
entire insurgent campaign had been
in this building and its capture leaves
the revolutionists without any impor?
tant stronghold in greater Berlin, ex
cepting the Silesian Railway station
an 1 the Boetzow Brewery, which they
; have strongly fortified.
Police Chief Eichhorn was not
U. S. Attorney Takes Up
Bolshevik Talks Here
] Federal Investigation Is Begun
Following Speeehes at
Drastic action is likely to follow the
j meeting of the Brownsvillc Civic
i Forum, held in Pubiic School 84, at
; Stone and Glenmore avenues, Browns?
villc, Sunday night. Tbe principal
speaker was Albert Rhys Williams. who
is said to hold a commission from the
i soviet government in Russia to spread
its propaganda in this country. It was
the things be bad said regarding'
America'.-; action in Russia that have
caused all the trouble.
Arthur S. Somers. president of the
Board of Education, bas pomised an in?
vestigation and declared yesterday that
I he was considering putting a stop to
, future meetings of the Forum. The
police and Federal authorities. both of
i whom had representatives in the school
i building Sunday, are inclined to take
i steps. not. only to prevent a similar oc
currence, but possibly to take action
' regarding the Sunday night speech.
I'nited States District Attorney Mel
ville .* france, of Brooklyn, sent Voi
an authenticated report of what Will?
iams said. He declared he would pro?
ceed against Williams at. once if he
found he had violated the provisions of
the espionage act.
Honor Medals Awarded
To Two New York Ileroes
Corporal Kennelh McCann and
Frank Schultz Get
D. S. Crosses
Among those named yesterday ;
winners of the Distinguished Serviee
Cross were Corporal Kenneth, McCann,
son of Mrs. William J. McCann, of 33
Beekman Place, and Frank Schulz, of
the 302d Engineers, who lives at 1025
Castleton Avenue, West Xew Brighton,
In a letter to his mother, Corporal
McCann advise'd her not to take the
recommendation i'or the award "too
seriously" aa in his opinion several
others had done as much as he. He
worked for seventy-two hours consecu
tively as signalman under Ifeavy fire
at Mount Kemmel the last of August.
He is with the 102d Field Signal Bat?
talion, 27th Division and is twenty
Schulz and another man were cut off
from their companions while on a night
j patrol. They spent five days behind
the German lines, declining to leave a
wounded American soldier whom they
came across. After they had been
forty-eight hours without water they
rusrfed a German machine gun crew,
ran the gantlet of other gun emplace
ments, swam a river and escaped,
bringing their wounded comrade with
Grande Maison d_ Blanc
January Discount Sale
Notwithstanding the extreme scarcity t>f
Linens, wc will follow our usual custom
of offering al January Discount prices
! IRH AVENUE AT4TST.
.- -i-.TJ_l?. Jiia.t<_-,Bjn__tl
among thc prisoners taken bv the
The troops began surrounding the'
building last evening, and machine gun
ln-.- was opened soon aftcr midnight. I
Thc defenders replied energeticaliy.-j
and for some hours were abl. to Keep
their machine gun lire gomg by rc
placing the guns which the lire of the
government forces put out of commis?
sion. The artillery fir? began at 4
o'eloek in thc morning, and the fire
of the defenders gradually died away
an.l ceascd entiiKjly after fifty-fivc
shells had been sent into the building
by the soldiers.
The attacking party in the final a
sault worked its way forward with
hand grenades and stormed the build?
ing from two sides. The number of
Reds pulled oul of hiding places by
the troops and disarmed and loeked uo
is placed at more than ,'100.
Victors Are C'heered
Some of the captured began cheering
for Ur. Liebknecht as they were being!
marched through the streets, but the
soldiers shut their mouths in summary
fashion. The soldiers, except those
left to guard the building, returned
to their barracks with hands playing
and the men singing, while thc resi
dents of the locality around thc Alex
anderplatz, who had been living in
terror of their lives for a week, dur?
ing which time the Spartacide domina
tion of the whole district had been un
disputed, cheered the victorious troops.
11'ith the Government
LONDON,- Jan. 12. Government
troops numbering 13,000 arrived in
Berlin Saturday, but, with the strength
ening of its military forces, the Cab?
inet is reported to be losing its politi?
cal influence among the masscs.
Twenty-eight mass meetings wcrc
planned for yesterday at Berlin for the
purpose of offsettiVig this trend. These
meetings, which were to be addressed
by ministers and party leaders, were
expected to lead to a renewal of the
collisions with the Spartacides.
Spartacide leaders had been able to
conclude an armistice on fairly even
terms. It. was stipulated that. govern?
ment troops .should not be reinforced
during the truce nor resume operations
without ti hnlf-day's notiee.
The capture of the "Vorwaerts"
building is considered important stra
tegically. The plant is not in thc
group o. other newspaper offices, but
lies dceper into Spartacide territory,
between thc principal newspaper quar?
ter and the Spartacide headquarters at
the Central Police Station. Its capture
therefore. interferes with the Sparta?
cide communications with outlyinp- de?
The "Vorwaerts" building was badlv
damaged by artillery fire and was com?
ing down over the heads of thc de
tenders before they surrendered.
163 U. S. Men Freed by
Germans Reach France
Large Number of Brooklyn
and New York Troops
Included in List
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. Names of
three officers and 160 enlisted men of
the army who have been reported re?
turned to France from German prison
camps and hospitals were made public
to-day by the War Department.
The officers include 1 George L. Ap
gar, Plainheid, N. J. Among thc en?
listed men were:
Walter R. .7. Garvin, College Point,
L. I.: Walter W. Miller. 142 South
Street, Mariners' Harbor. S. I., X. Y.;
Wlliam P. Kane, 10 Clermont Ave?
nue, Brooklyn; James J. Manning, 317
Last Fifty-second Street, Xew York;
Ulrich X. Maney, 505 West 148th
Street, Xew York; George H. J. Sea
man, Woodhaven, L. 1.. X. \-.; Hugh
V. Devine, 1117 .Madison Street, Xew
York; Wlliam Zorn, 1*87' Manhattan
Avenue, Brooklyn, X. Y.: William F.
White, Cornwall-onrlludson, X. Y.;
C. II. Widberg, 2-10 Fast. Thirty-second
Street, Xew York; James Winne, 11)
Sherman Avenue. Xew York; Theodore
1>. Schirmuhly, 70 Xew Jersey Avenue,
Brooklyn; Nathan Seldin, 1712 Bath
Avenue. Brooklyn; Arthur L. Singer,
978 Whitlock Avenue. Xew York; "Al?
bert A. Sorocki. II!) Prinee Street,
Brooklyn; Peter F. McCall, ir., 08 King
Street. Brooklyn: Josenh P. Matthews,
350 Baltie Street, Brooklyn; Joseph K.
Manzione, 11 lii Thirty-ninth Street,
Brooklyn; William P. O'Connell, 300
Jefferson Street, Brooklyn; William J.
O'Dohnell, 384 Last Third Street,
Brooklyn; Mitchell Rosenbi'?*> 4101
Fort Hamilton Parkway, B. ' klyn;
Franl; C. Hlavac, 315 East Seventy
third Street. Xew York; Francis O.
Kelly, 521 West 108th Street, New
York; William Lawless, 380 Clifton
Place, Brooklyn; B'rancisco Domini,
334 East 117th Street, Xew York;
Francis J. Downey. 502 Morgan Ave?
nue, Brooklyn; Edward Dwyer, 112
Nostrand Avenue, Brooklyn; Abraham
Zirt, 261 West Twenty-first, New
York; Charles Schwartz, 715 Lexington
John J. Gallagher, 03 Oak Street,
Yonkers, X. Y.;. Samuel M. Harrison,
Trenton, X. ,!.; Alexander Morozoff,
Elizabeth, X. L; Saul Marshallcowitz,
102 John Street. Xew York; Cornelius
B. Callahan. 1129 Thirty-ninth Street.
Brooklyn; John J. Casey, 500 West
100th Street, Xew York; Angclo Fran
cesconi, Hoboken. X. J.; John C. Dilgen
man, Freehold, X. J.; John C. Dilgen,
170 Quincy Street, Brooklyn; Thomas
Carr, 100 Fifth Avenue. Brooklyn; Ro
land B. Cassels, Philadelphia; John
Breciner, 724 East 150th Street, Xew
Steamers Reach Coblenz
To Entertain (J. S. Army
Two Arrive To Be Used for
Exeursions Up and Down
COBLENZ, Jan. 12 (By The Asso?
ciated Press). ?Two German river
steamers, to be used for exeursions up
and down the Khine by oflicers and men
of the Third Army, arrived at. Coblenz
to-day. The trips are to bc part of thc
recreation programme for the army of
occupation. Four more steamers for
the same purpose will arrive within a
The excursions will includc trips be?
yond Cologne, down the river and be?
yond Mayence up the stream. Under
tbe present arrangements thc excur
Hiona will he one day affairs. The ex
cursionista will not be allowed to land.
According to information roaching
the Third Army, the German Fifth
Army Staff at Bad-Nauhoim ceaaed
functioning to-day, surrendering tho
command to tho Kighteenth Corps,
which alxo hus its headquarters at Uad
This action is in aecordance with the
announced plan of ihe Germans to turn
over lhe eommand of the arcaa irn
medlately easl of the occupied diatri.tH
pl Gormany to the corpa nomally
located within tho corresponding part
of thc occupied zone. The Eighteenth
Corp* now haa command of the area
oppoaftc thc American bridgehead.
To End Foreign
Overman Committee Finds
Need to Cheek Work Such
as Huns Were Caught At
Publicity Is To Be Cure
Also It May Be Made Treason
to Aid Enemy in Try?
ing to Influence People
New 1'ork Tribune
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.?Legislation
which will prevent. for all time, both in
war and in peace, such practices as
have been disclosed by the Overman
propaganda investigating committee is
under consideration by the members of
tho committee and by its counsel, and
undoubtedly will be recoinmendcd to
Congress in its report. While the
hoarings are nol over, enough bas been
disclosed to convincc the committe
that legislation is necessary.
"We liave learned some startling
things about what has been going on
in this country." said Chairman Over?
man to-day. "We surely will do all
that can be done to prevent any such
things in the future. Constructive leg?
islation, based on the disclosures and
aimed to control both aliens and our
own citizens, has been shown to be
"I am a great believer in publicity
myself, and I believe the secrecy with
which this propaganda has been carried
on has been one of its most dangerous
features, and one that can and should
Can't Limil Free Speech
"}\ 5 cannot, of course, attempt to
limit freedom of speech or of the press,
but we can make sure that the pubiic
knows who is responsiblo for publicity
campaigns that are being carried oil
and to punish those who attempt to
deceive tbe pubiic. It is evident that
we shall be more deeply interested in
European affairs hereafter, and we
must be protected against improper at?
tempts to influence us in regard to
"We have not reached any conclu?
sions as to what form the. legislation
should take, but informal discussions
have been going on and several pro
posals probably soon will be in sliapo
for definite consideration."
Attorneys for tlie committee also
have been considering proposals to be
included in the tentative report thev
w.ll prepare for the committee. Tiie
probable result of the hearings, in
addition to the tremendous amount of
vital information already put before
the nublic, i.-< therefore beginning to
The task of formulating laws that
will prevent the secrol direction of
publicity campaigns is fell by all the
men involved to be a delicate one. it
amounts lo an effort to control and to
insnre the honesty of such campaigns.
without. in any way infringing the
rights of i'ree speech.
Cure Found ln Publicity
The cure probably will be. sought in
iaws enforcing publicity f as to the
sources of such campaigns under heavy
penalties. ln addition there will be
amendments suggested to several ex?
One of these is, the corrupt practices
act. Thi.; is at present in a chaotic
state, and a bill by Senator Owen re
visir.g and codifying the various en
actments i- pending before tiie Senate.
There probably will be amendments
bioadening its scope and having par
ticular^rcferencc to un-American in
fluences. or else a separate statule
dealing with these point.-'.
Another law in question is that re
quiring publicity as to tho ownership
of newspa'pers. The hearings have
shown several cases where German in?
terest in papers?or at least in their
publishers ?has not. appeared in tbe
sworn statements, and yet the omis
sion has left no ground for prosecu
Tlie whole question of foreign
language papers and their control is
being considered. The dangers from
these publications have been shown re
peatedly, and while it is recognized by
thc committee thal. they liave import?
ant. and usei'ul functions, it is I'elt
that their place should be clearly de
fined and measures taken to make sure
that they cannot become a centre of
Must Come Into Open
The chief interest, however, centres
in the effort that will be made to drive
secret propagandists into the open, and
this will have to be undertaken along
the line of entirely new legislation. It
will, so far as tlie discussions in the
committee have indicated, be based on
the anti-lobby statutes which have been
enacted in several states, and which
are embodied in a bill by Senator Over?
man. who also is chairman of thc lobby
This bill provides for registration
with the Senate and House of all con
sular agents who have anything to do
with attempts to influence any action
by Congress, and imposes penalties for
failure so to register. Working along
this line, members of the Overman
committee are considering a measure
which would provide that all persons
engaged or involved in any attempts
to influence thc pubiic through speech
or writing as agents for any persons or
organizations would be compelled to
file with some pubiic official a state
menli of this connection, the records to
be open to the pubiic.
May Make It Treason
One of the plans under considera?
tion would make failure to do this.
when the employer is a foreign gov?
ernment, espionage for an alieti in
America. and for an American citizen
disloyalty in peace and treason in war
Tho discussion also indicatcs that
thc act would be broad enough to in?
clude other considerations for such
serviee than money payments. The
duty of recording such connections
probably would fall either on the State
Department, because of its interest. in
foreign relations, or on the Postoffico
Department, which already has numer
ous duties in connection with organs
Such legislation, it is pointed out.
would practically have blocked thc
?German propaganda from the start.
Dernburg, Albert and their thirty-thren
agents of German birth either would
have been forced to conic out into the
open, or would have gone to jail for
long terms instead of doparting com
fortably with von Bernstorff, or of
enjoying gentcel internment, to end
when tlie war does. The various
Amoricanc who heiped them would be
in a most serious predicament, instead
of being entirely bcyond the reach of
When the flood of disloyal pamphlets
began to spread through tbe country
after war was declared the govern?
ment could have sent to jail the few
agents who were prcparing and pub
liiihing them, thus stopping the trouble
nl its flource, instead of having to com?
bat a continulng evil. ,
Miu'or J. J. Dickinsuiu a friend of
! many pubiic men. wiio h.is been ac
! cused of giving to thc Germans in?
formation he was able to gather be-!
] cause of his relations with officials.
, will be the lirst witness when the hear
; ings begin to-morrow. Following him
! the committee will inquire into the
disbursement of a fund of several hun- I
1 dred thousand dollars in Texas which :
| has aroused suspicion, seeking to find
? whence it came and where it went. A.
! J. Arnold. of Fort Worth, alleged to
; have bnen the disbursing agent. and
i Mrs. Ida M. Darden. alleged to be his
assistant, will be called. E. P. Swen
i son. a New York banker. also supposed
I to have been connected with the fund,1
has been called for Tuesday.
Aim of Trotzky
Coiitinued from paije 1
and are being executed at the rate of'
four or five a day. This hatred of
army officers extends even into Poland.
, In Warsaw on Januarv 1 rnobs were
shouting 'Down with the officers!' Long
| live the Soviets!' The Soviets will not
be suppressed without outside militarv i
| "The soviet governments in Petro- '.
grad and Moscow are creating a sort ??
oi preferential class. All men and :
l women who hold cards showing mem
jbership in the Bolshevik party get j
bread at the rate of a pound and a
half a day. and bread is the most im
! portant article of food in Russia to
| day. The landlords receive one-eighth I
. of a pound. The class representing the
| nobles and aristocracy get nothing."
The officers also declared that the
Bolsheviki had established throughout
? their sphcrcs of power in Russia an
\ jspionage system inferior to none in
; the world.
At the end of November, when ths
ofricers left Petrograd, butter cost 120
rubles a pound; horseflesh, 9 and 10
rubles: fresh pork, 28 rubles. A suit
of clothes cost in the neighborhood of
3,500 rubles, while 1,500 rubles were
paid for boots,
. "The tragedy of tho former Russian
nobility," said one of the officers, "is
1 frightful. The old families toward the
i 1 itter end got along by selling their
jewels to foreigners, and are living on
the money now. All foreigners have
left Russia and there is no one to sell
lo. So they are literally dying a siow
death from starvation and cold."
French Gains on Odessa
All government has ceased in the
I'kraine, except in Odessa and Sebasto
pol, both of which are garrisoned by
French troops, according to the officers.
Bolshevism. which is sweeping the
I'kraine. they say. rcsembles the old
anarchist expropriation expeditions of
several years ago.
"The Skoropadski government in the
Ukraine was swept away by the Bol?
sheviki, and now not only is the na?
tional government gone, but all local
government has broken down," they
< ontinued from pugre l
pletely controls Russia and Poland
and is spreading through Germany.
Only effective bar>'ier apparently
now against it is ,ood relief, as Bol?
shevism chrives only on starvation
and disorder. I consider it, there?
fore. of th ? utmost importance that
] President's request i'or $100,000,000
appropriation for relief be granted at
once. Impossible to inaugurate peace
conference and proper auspices with?
out, previous adequate provision to
cope with situation.
Aside from the stoppage of Bol?
shevist I understand there is in the
I'nited States considerable surplus
of food accumulated at high prices.
maintenance whereof guaranteed our
government or assurancc under its
auspices and that it is necessary to
dispose of this surplus in order to
rclieve warehouse and linancial fa?
cilities as well as' prevent serious (
fall in price, with radical break in j
market, which would cost our coun- ;
! try more than the appropriation
The appropriation is not fcA' the
purpose of advancing money to Ger?
many. which will pay on a cash basis
for any food sent there. Allies are
already furnishing to Iiberated terri?
tories and are disposed to assist
otherwise to the extent of their avail?
able resources, but most of tlie food
must come from the I'nited States. -
I cannot too strongly impress upon
you urgency of meeting the situation
Republican Leader Gillett declared
that his opposition to the emergency
passage of the relief fund legislation.
as proposed by the appropriations com?
mittee report, was based on two fun- ,
"First, we have not thc information."
said Mr. Gillett, "sufficient to warrant '
this house in enterirfg upon such a vast '
plan of future operations such as this.
Second, before the. I'nited States begins
to act as almoner of all Europe some
; arrangements should be made with our
allies so that we should, with harmony
- and fairness among us and support
these impoverished nations."
"This i.-; tbe boldcst piece of lcgis- '
latien introduced ir, the Sixty-fifth
: Congress," declared Representative
F.ertrand H. Snell, of Xew Vork. in at
i tacking the bill. "The legislation to
be considered by thi; bill opens up a
brand new field o\' limitless expendi
j ture, and, in my judgment, is of suci.
'? character that it demands the most
; careful and considerate attention ou
i thc part of every member of the
"We have been living in strenuous
'? times, we have become accustomed to
? p;iss tr.illion dollar, hundred million,
! billion, or, yes, five to ten billion dol?
lar appropriations with scarcely any
! debate and without the dotting of an
'P or the crossing ot a 't.' But we
did that Lecause the President, the
j commander in chicf of thc army and
navy, said it was neccssarji for the
prcsecution < f the war. Aml when
i ever hc gave this command. Uapubli-j
can;-. and D.-mocrats rcsponded, stood
Ehouldcr to shoulder. rose to the situ?
ation and ; imost unanimously voted
him more money and more power than
: were ever given to any king or poten
( tate in the history of the civilized
; world. Buc. we did it to win the war.
Can't Call "Pro-German"
"Now, thank God, the war is won and
| nn entirely new situation confronts us.
And, let me tell you, gentlemen of the
House, from this day on you can no
i longer hold a man up to pubiic ridicule.
? call him pro-Gciman, unpatriotic and
! nn-American, because he has the
temerity to stand on this floor and de
j mand full information before he votes
' away ? 100,000,000 of the peoples'
: money. That is the reason why I am
opposing this bill, because there is no
information available that warrants
1 such additional and unlimited power
1 to President Wili-on and Mr. Hoover.
"Because we granted President Wil
j son's every request to win this war,
' it is no reason why wo should grant
his every request concerning the re?
construction of Europe. To-day, the
American poople demand that thia Con?
gress should examine most carefully
everv dollir of exiienliturcs and not
THE REAL THING
Cash Reduction in
LIFE POLICY PREMIUM
AND DISABILITY INCOME
First Class Risks Only
Write for Rate at Your Age.
MERVIN L. LANE
New York City
appropriat;- one dollar that is not ab
"Every member of the House knows
that the business of this country will
fairly groan under the burden of'taxa?
tion that will be levied under the pres?
ent revenue bill, and the worst. of it
is thc end is not yet in sight. I am
informed by a member of the Ways and
Means Committee that there will be a
deficit of ten billions this year; that
we will have a loan of five billions
this sprir.g and another later on in the
Have No Information
"With this financial condition star
ing us in the face 1 maintain that
there are no 100,000.000 plums to fall
into any one's basket without the most
complete and definite information as
to how, when and where it is to be
expended, and we do not have that in?
formation at the present time. It is
one of these 'trust in God' proposi
tions, and Wilson and Hoover will
bring you through.
"If I can read the signs 0f the times,
there. is more unrest, uncertainty ar.d
discontent among the laboring people.
manufacturers and business men of
this country at the present time. than
there has been at any time in recent
years. High taxation and higher cost
ot living is ppreading Bolshevism hero
in Ameriea, and notwithstanding that
fact the President wants to tax our
already overburdened people another
$100,000,000 to stop, as he says. thc
spread of Bolshevism and anarchy in
The time has come when the Presi?
dent and tho American Congress had
better give more attention to the re?
construction of our own country and
less to the political intrigue and map
making of Southern Europe.
"I am not against giving relief to the
starving people of Europe, hu! I do be?
lieve the time has arrived when the
President should tell us how far he is
going with these matters, and to a cer?
tain extent take the American Con?
gress into his contidence, before wo
grant any more of these questionable
lump sum propositiong."
Lodge Declines to Comment
Senator Lodge declined to comment
for publication on the cablegram from
henry White. He acknowledged hav?
ing received the message, which, he
declared, had been forwarded from the
Stat?: Department as H "confidential
documenf' by special courier. Later
he said Chtiirmaii Sherley of the
House Appropriations Committee had
conferred with him regarding the pas?
sage of thc $100,000,000 relief fund,
and had in his possession a copy of
thc message fo him from Henry White.
Republicans were not dceply stirred
by the appeal from Mr. White. It is
said that the Republican delegate has
shown a disposition to vacillate on
some of the peace table propositions to
which. he declared himself committed
before his departure for Europe. Some
Republicans believe Mr. White is as
complotely dominated by the President
as other members of the American
In the Senate there will i>e consider?
able discussion of the relief fund pro?
posal. it is predicted, and some changes
in the House bill may bc made to pl?ce
stronger safeguards about its use. One
leading Senator, who is a strong admir
er of Mr, Hoover, declared to-day that
under the House legislation, the Presi?
dent could delegate full authority to
spend tho fund to Mr. Hoover and that
if anything went wrong Congress
would have no redress, in that the Food
Administrator is a voluntary worker
and not a regularly sworn officer of the
While this Senator anticipated no
abnormal circumstances in connection
with the use of the fund. he neverthe
less expressed the opinion that Cong?
ress should. hy legislation. make the
fund as safe as would be in the case
of any piece of similar legislation en?
acted to meet a domestic situation.
L. S. to Give Germany
Food for Big Ships to
Rusli Soldiers Home
PARIS, Jan. 12. Members of the In?
ternational Food Commission held two
sessions to-day at tho Ministry of
Commerce. Herbert C. Hoover presided
at the rceetings, whicli were attended
by representatives of the United
States, Great Britain and France. In
addition to the regular delegates. Pro?
fessor Attolico represented Italy and
General Paijob the French organiza?
tion which is in cKarge of reconstruc?
tion work in districts west of the
Khine. E\p.-rts familiar with food and
transportation problems, as well as
with the difficulties attendant on the
raising of the blockade, were heard.
It was reported much progress had
been made tor the immediate relief of
needy sections in evacuated territories
and that the sessions were marked bv
harmony. Problems relating to the
blockade, which were expected to be
troublesome, have apparently been
solved without difficulty.
American and British representatives
will hold a conference with German
Admiralty authorities at Treves.
Wednesday. for the purpose of acquir
ing possession of German and Austrian
passenger ships for the transportation
of troops. The United States will be
represented by E. X. Hurley, chairman
of the Shipping Board, and Admiral W.
S. Bensot: Admiral Browning will bi
the representative of Great Britain.
It \.i proposed that Ameriea give
Austria and Germanv food in return
for the 3hips. It is nlanned that the
British w'l) get smalier ships for thc
return of troops to Australia and
Canada, whilo Ameriea will have .the
large boa*s, which will include virtu?
ally all the Hamburg-American liners,
including the Imperator. This division
is suggested because the bigger liners
are too large for Australian or Cana?
French League Asks Wilson
To Help Provide Shipping
PARIS, Jan. 13. The govcrning com?
mittee of the French Naval League, in
which are represented ship owners'
and seamen's associations, haa appealed
to President Wilson to interw -e to ob?
tain assignment to France of German
nnd Austrian shipping to replace ton
for ton French ships sunk by thc en?
The appeal also nsks that German
coal. r.t prices enabHng French ship
builders to build for the same costs as
in foreign yards. be assigned to the
French mctal industry; thnt opportu?
nity be given French owners to pur?
chase immediately 1,000,000 tons of
shipping built in England on condi?
tions accepted by the British owners;
thnt opportunity bc given to buy im?
mediately 1,000.000 tons of shipping
built in the United State? and that
American yards be opened ti\ French
owners for immediate construction of
2,000.000 tons of cargo steamships with
permiaaion to transfer them to thc
CLOTHES OF CUSTOM QUALITY
\\/r? have said that the dif
* f ference between a Saks
tailored Overcoat at $50 and
a custom-tailored one at $80
was $30. There is also a dif?
ference of two wreeks, twro
try-ons and probably two dis
130 distinct styles of
Overcoats from $28 up
B R C) A D VV A Y A T 3 4 TI f STREET
For Citizens" Help
In Saving Dynasty
Proclamation Calls for
United Action in Eco?
nomic Alliance with En?
tente; Marie Ready to Go
LONDON, Jan. 13. Thc Luxemburg
government has issued a proclamation
appealing to the people against the
movement for the establishment of a
republic and urging support of the
dynasty. Thc proclamation announces
that Grand Duchess Marie has declared
her readiness to abdicate if her retcn
tion of the throne would be an obstacle
to the decision taken by the govern?
ment to seek an economic alliance with
the Entente powers, c specially France
and Belgium. The text of the procla?
mation. which was issued on Friday,
"Fellow Citizens: A revolutionary
movement, aiming at the proclamation
of a republic and the downfall of the
dynasty, was sct afcot yesterday in the
capital. Disorders, which are the in
evitable consequence of this unhealthy
agitation, are seriously compromising
the national honor and the indepen?
dence of thc grand duchy at tho most
critical hour of its history.
"The government, therefore, appeals
to ii 11 citizens who desire to safeguard
these precious possessions to liclp to
the utmost in the maintenance of law
and order. This is more important be?
cause the country is about to make
decision.- ol the hishest importance
which will largely nffect its future and
"The government has decided to seak
lished thc fact that thc presence of a
sovereign might, under certain circum
s'anc.es. prove an obstacle to the nego?
tiations, the Grand Duchess, bealous ot?
her country's interests, has declared
her readiness to renounce the throne
and instructed the government to con?
sider measures to guarantee the inde?
pendence of the country and the pres
crvation of the dynasty.
"The government will get in immedi
represent any obstacle to the realiza
tion of the desired economic union.
"Highest interests of state demand
that we should not plunge the country
into the deadly throcs of anarchy. This
is aiso the desire of a vast majority of
our fellow citizens. Any decision rel
ative to the dynastic questions and all
questions affecting the fate of tho
country must be.reserved until thc will
HERE THEY ARE?
The best shirt values
you ever bought any
IIere is just one
of thc many items:
Silk and Madras
Actual $5.00 and $6.00 Vaiaes
Other Shirt Vaiaes in Proportion.
L V* LAPCE57 SHIRT ^ J
^^ECIAL',',7!; IN AMnPlCV-y
I IK4 Broadwa.i
2fl <'??rtlandt St
l?9 Nassau si. v>ai I'.'d St.
110 i. Iiamber* St. 63 E. 14th st.
US Dtlancej St. 204 \\. 1 :5th St.
::,'!: Eulton St. 131 EuJton St.
N'EWAHK SHOP. 170 Markel St.
Bridgeport Waterbury Scranton
of the people of Luxemburg is freely
cxpressed through legal channels.
"We urgently b*ig our fellow citizen-.
to be united on a basis of national
agreement so as to give the country
dignity in the eyes of the great friend
ly powers and restore to it the peace
ar.d calm which it so greatly needs."'
The proclamation was ' signed by
Emile Tieutsr, Premier, and four other
Italians Leave Land
BELGRADE, Jan. 13. Th" immediate
withdrawal from Montenegro of all the
Italian troops is demanded in a rcsolu
tion passed by the Montenegrin Ke.
tior.al Assembiy. The resolution allud* 3
the pri ence of Italian troops in
Montenegro. "now a parl of the new
state of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes,"
as "not dictated by any military neces
s ty, as stabb peace reigns in the com?
Single Bed Si?c:
$9.50, $10.00, $14.85, $21.50 Pair.
Double Bed Size
$28.00, $31.50, $41.85 Pair.
IRISH LINEN SPECIAUSTS
373 Fifth Ave., New York