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title: 'New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 14, 1919, Page 6, Image 6',
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Paid for Diial
Annual Report of Puhlir
Service Commission Sets
Forth Facts and Figures
<>:* Miles of Track Added
Paid $97,394,225 in
.Farrs Diirinu thc \ ear
!u point of value of transit lines
placed in operation, 1918 was ?
ner year since the dual subway con?
tracts were entered into in 1913, ac?
cording to the twolfth annual report
of the Public Service Commission of
ih,- lst District, embracing the City of
Now York. presented to the State Leg?
islature last night.
Thc cost to construct these lines was
$103,000,000, exclusive of thc cosl of
the equipment used on them. Great
hope is expressed for the completion
of many lines during the year of 1919.
All thc work for thc coming year, how?
evcr, is dependent upon the Board of
Estimate and Appoftionment, the re?
port points out.
.Some of the new rapid transit lines
placed in operation in 15*18 were; Thc
city-owned Broadway subway, from
l'nion Squaro to Times Square and
from Canal Street- to Whitehall Street;
the city-owned Seventh Avenue sub?
way, including the Battery and tbe
Wall and William street branches;
thc city-owned Lexington Avenue sub?
way, including the Jerome Avenue
branch aml part of the Pelham Bay
Despite difficulties incurred by war
conditions. the new dual subway sys?
tem is practically 75 ner cent com?
plete, shys the rcpor'. N'ew lines
opened during 191S added sixty-three
track miles to the 217 track miles in
operation at the beginning of the
$377,000,000 Disbursed in 1918
Continuing, the report states tha'
"tho City of Xew Vork and the two
operating companies (.the Interborough
and the B. R. T.) had expended, to the
end of 1918, the enormous sum of
$377,000,000 on account of thc duai sys
teni ot" rapid transit. The city ancl thc
two companies disbursed during the
year $48,000,000 on account of construc?
tion and equipment of the new lines, the
city's portion of the expenditun.ing
for construction alone and amounting
to $19,000,000. For the year the ex?
penditures of the Interborough Rapid
Transit Company were $24,000,000 ann
included contribution to com of city
owned lines and payments toward tho
construction of company-owned lines
and equipment of all lines. The expen?
ditures of the New York Municipal
Railway Corporation (B. R. T.) for
similar purposes reached a total of $5,
000,000 during 1918. improvements to
the first subway during 1918 cost the
City of New Vork $358,580.42."
It is predicted that two new tunnel
lines between Brooklyn and Manhattan.
nearing completion, will bc opened dur?
ing 1919. These are the Clark Street
tunnel and the Whitehall-Montaguc
Street tunnel the first a part of the
Interborough system, and ;;
rart of thc B. R. T. system. The I lark
Street tunnel line forms a con
between thc William Street branch of
the West Side Sul ?. ;. ai i thi ex tii
Interborough line Brooklyn. It is
hoped to gel tl j line ready for use
late in the spring or earlj in the sum
The Montague Street tunnel line,
whi< li will provi le ? i
betw-een the Fourth Avenue subway in
Brooklyn and the Broadway subway in
Manhattan, will probably be completed
during the summer or early fall, and
%v i: I '? ?P? ??-??'< in greal i art by train ;
ol tne Brighton Beach line, which are
from h Fulton Sl rect
elevated sti uct m (1 ratioi of this
of the so-called Bi ghton Bi ach sub
*a--' ( ' >n ar.d St
Malboni Street and
he same time.
." hai bei n e timati d bv the com
n?>f?">n '???'? '?* the Board of Estimate
grantii - of the
re than $20,000 000
of the remaining $25,000,000 worth of
Zw v ' he do...,- can be let be?
fore the end of the summer <?' 1919
ng contraci i i\:'.r<- \s
upward voi $2O;C00,0O0 worth of work
sIomm bedope to allow
to 1 plac id ??
Passenger increase 56,670,087
in the report re
xerai to the increaBe in traffic upon
rapid transit lines during 1918 fhe
670ft?7nCr?aSu for ''"?'? year was 56,
?'n8 ? ? ' ? Workers of 77s. or fiv2
total number of fares collected
upon he street railroads, not including
team-transportation lines, was
' L918.812.22G for
,4iv oj, ' ^,ly.t.average of n,il's w??
W2'280- ^" ? the amount paid to thi
several companies in passenger farei
?2>8 " $2,843,
?w?. or three per cent.
a much gi
.U""K 1918, thi ? for the
rapid - being 1.105,
_k-."'" ? 1917
Sten? 87.?'1,3'666. an , ? 10..
w?,033. A great increase in the num
oy ?. passengers using thc elevated
: a re?
markable drop in ? * ?t
1 - ' ' ding on the elevated and
subway hnca of the Interborough "n
Manhattan and the Bronx, with bi. do
creawa .., number ol pas e^igcrs car
l l ?" ' ' in Brooklvn and
futures in the traffic statistics for
The largest single increase for the
IZT Wr upZ thfl B 'r- T- elevated
44-mV- 'i <Z /:'' lncr?*?? Of 31,
r,,,"i ','' ???" "?' i,n'1 Manhattan
ULX-a?2,nd r:,"i ? ?otal or
?"?'; . ;' gTOWth for the
M?ro r.79U99 The total traffic on
f__rtS f"! *"&?*?* "f 3,-80,575, while
thc total traffic on Interborough *ub
way. wa* 418,837 M6, the largest show?
ing for any single system. but an in
iraaaeot onfy 4 148474. Surface rail?
road line* $,, Brooklyn nnd Queens
?i a decrease oi 20.000,000 oas
'?/;-?.< during j'jja, but this was off.
??? b> .!,-.m.. . 0 , lurface roads in
Manhattan and tha Bronx amountinir to
?ton tbai ::o.ooo,ooo. gurfgea linas ln
Kichrnorid harciy held their own.
W.693,358.1.1; r;*p<-n*<-* ?f Commission
At th" tni hi tha sraar, tha employes
of th* commission, lh?l iding '-v.-r 40o
absent on w;!r duty. numbered \y>'.>\
Hjtaiur.t }/.,;, tha close of J!>|7. 'Jhi
I number is below the necessary working;
force required -4o carry forward its
i work, especialiy that relating to rapid
; transit, and represents in part a re
duction forced upon tlie commission by
i act of the Board of Estimate and Ap
: portionment in reducing its linancial
The total expenditures for the cal?
endar ycar amounted to $2,693,358.15,
j of which $2,159,016.78 was met from the
city treasury and the remainder, 533,
741.42, paid by the state. The portion
paid hy the city represents expendi?
tures for nnd on behalf of rapid tran
?: construction and the smaller sum
the regulatory exnenses of the com
mission. A large part of the amount
I'-ik' by the city will eventually be re
funded into the cost of rapid transit
construction and amortized from the
earnings of ihe dual system.
1.500 Jobs Awaiting
Discharged Soldiers on
B. R. T.. Says Col. Piper
The Brooklyn Rapid Transit will
; employ 1,500 more mcri as soon as they
can he obtained, in order to improve
the serviee, it was announced yester
! day. Lindley M. Garrison, receiver of
i the line, yesterday appointed Colonel
j A. R. Piper, formerly a government
official in charge o;" all lnovement of
freight through Xew Vork to France,
as superintendent of employment for
Colonel Piper declared that he would
try to supply the deficiency as largely
as possible with men who have been
recently released from military serviee.
"The company has been in a very
difficult position because ot' war condi?
tions." he said. "The very class ef
men the company most wanted to keep
was the one which went into the gov
I ernment serviee lirst. Under these
circumstances it was necessary to om
ploy many men who in ordinary times
would no; have been given jobs."
Colonel Piper, who is also president
oi the South Brooklyn Railway Com?
pany, a B. R. T. subsidiary, said that
although women would bc retainod in
the serviee where they had been found
- satisfactory, for the most part the new
jobs would be given to men.
: Mr. Garrison, Chairman Travis 11.
Whitney, of the Pubiic Serviee Com?
mission, and Corporation Counsel Burr,
for th*' city administration, will com
I plete their plans to-day for presenta
| tion before Judge Julius M, Mayer in
I the United States District Court,' when
tiie question of making the receivership
| permanent and the appointment of co
? receivers come up I'or hearing to
Garrison to-morrow will present a
. comprehensivo report on the financial
condition el' tlie B. R, T. system, to?
gether with specitic recommendatioYis
for improvement in the serviee. Ai;
that time. he intimated, he would reply
to the?Public Serviee Commission criti?
cisms of the high salaries allowed to
the B. R. T. officials by Carrison and
thc 'act that his inspection tours were
made in their company.
It was intimated yesterday that al?
though tlie city administration and tlie
Pubiic Serviee Commission have been
waging a bitter fight on the traction
situation it was not improbablc that
they wouid he able to unite on one man
to represent both bodies as a co-re
ci iver. Controller Craig, it is believed,
would be satisfactory to both parties,
hut tlie identity of the joint leceiver
will not be t.yken up formally until
the hearing. !
Higher Car fares in
Detroit May Folloiv
Supreme Court Ruling
WASHINGTON, Jan. i:;. Fedcral
court decyoQB upholding an ordinanco
fixing the rate of streetcar fares in
Detroit ar.d dismissing proceedings
brought by the Detroit United Railway
to restrain its enforcement were set
aside to-day by the Supreme Court,
which hold that the company was en?
titled to a reasonablc return on its
investment. Thc case was remanded
: for further proceedings.
The Supreme Court held that the
lower court erred ir. not hearing the
case on its merits, and deciding
whether a reasonablc return was de?
nied. Justice Holmes, Brandeis end
'I he case resulted from the company's
efforts to raise fares after the War
Labor Board had increased the maxi?
mum wage rate for its employes from
forty to forty-eight cents an hour and
recommendeel ?n advance in fare to
meet higher operating costs. This
award of ihe board, the companv
claimed, added $2,000,000 annually to
its linancial burdens.
Petitions asking for permi.ssion to
increase its fare were denied by the
1 itj Council, which shortly afterward
passed nn ordinancft fixing a rate
schedule. This, the company claimed,
was confiscatory, although city officials
denied the contention. The company
then instituted proceedings to restrain
the city from enfdrqing the measure.
7: deciding lh- case thc Supreme
Court declined to go into the award of
the War Labor Board, but confined its
attention wholly to the merits of the
Ordinances pasqed in 1899 by the
city of Columbus. Ohio, requiring the
Federal Gas and Fuel ( ompany to pay
annually into the city's general exponse
fund 7) pcr cent. of the gross amount
received for the cale of gas to citiens
was iu effect upheld to-day by the Su?
lAinehroom Workers Plan
Fight to Keep Wages High
W iil Strike if Necessary to Pre?
vent Reversion to Pre-War
Workers in the smaller lunch rooms j
and re s tau ran ts of Xew York took ac- !
tion last night to prevent employers '
from forcing upon them pre-war wages i
and working conditions.
Plans were formulated at n meeting ;
of the Xational Federation of Lunch |
; Room and Restaurant Employes to
maintain- the present standard of pay
and obtain a shorter working day. Do
mands will bc made upon the rcstau
j rant keepcra soon, and if ausurances'
are not quickly forthcoining a ger.eral ,
| Ktrike will be called.
It was state*: by officials of the or- i
ganization last night that the 20,000 ;
countermen, cooks and dishwashers in '
toros complain that with the ar- i
riva! of a larger hupply of help em- i
ploycrs wore insisting that their work?
ers accept lower pay and longer hours. ,
Advertisements, th?y declared, were i
calling for workers at wages just half j
i tha prevailing rates.
"A crisis ih our situation has been
. reached," said Henry Lachow, who pre- |
ifded at ha?t night's meeting. "The
proprletors hav:- ariticlpatod our move
by orgunizing a counter league, but i
our federation is strong and we ahall
SOOn force them to the wall.
"During the war wages for counter?
men reached $80 a week, und cooks re?
ceived as much an $40. Lunch con
eerns are said to be advertising for
countermen ut $15 a woek, and they
want. these men to work seventy-two
hours a wraek. We *hall demand a
forty-eight hour working week, one day
off in seven, and th<; present scule of
To Dry Stares
Supreme Court Declares
Reed Amendment Valid;
Two of Justices Dissejit
Say Personal Rights Hil
I McReynolds and Clarke
; Assert Congress Cannot
Regulate Local Issues
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. Statutes of
I "dry" states permitting persons to im
! port or personally bring in limited
; amounts of intoxicants for their own
' use were in effect nulliiied by the so
. called "Reed bone dry" amendment en
j acted by Congress, the Supreme (Sourt
held to-day, in an opinion reversing
I the Federal court for the Southern
j District of West Virginia.
Justice McReynolds, in a dissenting
, opinion, in which Justice Clarke con
? curred, held that the Reed amendment
; was not an interstate commerce regu
latory measure, but a direct meddling
with state affairs, and as such purely
bcyond the power of the Federal gov?
The case came up o-n an appeal of
] thc government from the lower court
decision dismissing proceedings brought
against Dan Hill for carry ing a quart
of liquor into West Virginia for his
personal use, as permitted by the state
The trial court held that such. trans
I portation did not come within thc
' meaning of the Reed amendment.
which, it held. was intended to apply
only to actual shipments of liquor.
The Supreme Court renianded the case
State Rights Denied.
In rendering the majority opinion
Justice Day said:
"ln view of the authority of the Con?
gress over thc subject matter and the
enactment of previous legislation om
bodied in the Wilson and Webb
Kenyon laws, we have no question that
Congress enacted this statute because
of its belief that in statcs prohibiting
the sale and manufacture of intoxicat
ing liquors for beverage purposes the
facilities of interstate commerce
should be denied to the introduction
of intoxicants by means of interstate
commerce, except for the limited pur?
poses permitted in tiie statute which
have nothing to do with liquor when
used as a beverage.
"That the state saw lit to permit
the introduction of liquor for personal
use in limited quantity in nowise in
terferes with the authority of Con
gress, acting under its plenary powers
over interstate commerce, to make the
prohibition against interstate shipmenl
contained in this act, lt may exerl
its authority, as in the Wilson and
Webb-Kenyon ads, having in view the
laws of the state, but. it has a power
of its own, which in this instance il
has exerted in accordancc with its
view of pubiic policy.
"When Congress exerls its authority
in a matter within its control state
laws must give way, in view of the
superior power conferred by the Con?
Justice McReynolds said in dissenl
"The Reed amendment in no proper
sense regulates interstate commerce,
but is a direct intormeddling with the
state':; inteninl affairs. Whether re
garded as reward or punishmenl for
wisdom or I'olly in cnacting limited
prohibition, the amendment sn con
strued, I think, goes beyond Federal
power; and to hold othcrwise opens
possibilities for partial and sectional
legislation which may destroy proper
control of their own affairs by the sev?
"If Congress may deny liquor to
those who live in a state simply be
cau-o its manufacture is not permitted
there, why may not this be done for
any suggested reason, namely, because
the road.; are bad or men are hanged
for murder or coals are dug? Where
i s the I i m i t ?
"The Reed amendment ns now con- \
strued is a Congressional fiat imposing
more complete prohibition wherever
the state has assumod to prevent the
manufacture or sale of intoxicants."
Thirty-two States Affected
The Supreme Court's ruling on ihe
Reed amendment will affect the follow?
ing dry states, !!". in number:
Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Colo?
rado, Florida, G lorgia, Idaho, Indiana
Kansas, low;,, Mississippi, Michigan,
Montana, Maino, North Dakota. North
Carolina, Xew Hampshire, Xew Mexico,
Xehraska. Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma!
Oregon, South Dakota, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
Washington, West Virginia and Wyom
ln addiii >n, tho court's ruling affects
also the District of Columbia, Alaska,
and Porto Rico.
Dry Laiv; California
Also Joins Column]
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.?Thc Cali?
fornia Legislature completed ratifica
tion to-night of the proposed Federal
prohibition amendment when the As-1
sembly adopted a resolution already!
approved by the Senate. Tiie vote was
48 to 28.
Thc State < f Washington also rati
fied the anier.dment te-day, bringing
the total number of states which have'
acted- favornbly to twenty-three.
Fourteen more states must ratify thc
amendment before it becomes oll'ec- i
tive. The following so far have lined i
,jp with thc drys: Kentucky, Virginia,;
Mississippi, South Carolina, North
Dakota, Marybuid, Montana, Arizona,:
Delaware, Texas, South Dakota. Mas
sachusetts, Georgia, Louisiana, Florida,
Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, Maine,
Tennessee, West Virginia and Wash- !
Favorable action by the Indiana '
House of Representatives to-morrow
will add that state to the list, ns the
Senate ratilied the amendment to-day
by a vote of >11 to tl, Several other ;
States aro expected to act on the mat?
ter to-morrow when their legislaturos
convene. Colorado's Senate has passed
favornbly on the measure and the
House of Representatives is expected
to reach a decision when the bill is
brought up for the_third reading soon.
Decision of Supreme
Court Pleases Local
Prohibition leaders here said yester?
day they regarded the action of the
United Statcs Supreme Court in up
holding the Rced "bone dry" amend?
ment a signal victory for prohibition,
Tho decision, according to members of
the Anti-Saloon League of New York,
makes a "bone dry" area of all prohi?
Rollin 0. Everhart, editor of "The
American Issue," the official qrgan of
the league, declared that the court's ac?
tion gave the prohibition forces. "an?
other good laugh on Senator Reed,"
who, according to the editor, intro?
duced the amendment merely to cause
confusion, if possible, in the "dry"
"The Reed provision," said Mr. Ever?
hart. "was an amendment to the postal
appropriation act passed in 11*17. It
roads in part as follows:
"'Whoever shall order, purchase or
cause intoxicating liquors to be trans
ported in interstate commerce, except
t'or scientific, sacramental, medicinal or
mechanical purposes, into any state or
territory. the laws of which state or
territory prohibit the manufacture or
sale then in of intoxicating liquors for
beverage purposes, shall be punished as
"This amendment," continued Mr.
Everhart, "was introduced toy a Sen?
ator whose sympathies were with the
liquor traffic. It was the theory ofthe
liquor interests that prohibitiomsts
.lid not want. or would not accept, the
'bone dry' condii ion.
"To Senator Reed's great astonish
nient. however. the prohibitiomsts ac
cepted it. pressed it through to eilact
ment and have fought to sustain it.
The amendment has been a great help.
because it. really makes a 'bone dry
state of .-very prohibition state. The
ioke. it would seem, is now on Senator
"While ii has been recognized and
enforced as a law, the Supreme Court
opinion concerning bringing liquor into
'dry' states. even for personal use,
gives it additional power. It is a great
victory for prohibition."
The Arkansas House of Representa?
tives pased to-day the Federal prohi?
bition amendment by a vote of 02 to
". The measure now goes to the
Union Asfcs Wilson
To Lift Bcer Ban
Aml LelMeu Work
Brewery Order Now Unnec?
essary, It Contends,
Problem Grows Diflirnlt
The Central Federated Union sent
an appeal to President Wilson yester?
day. requesting him to lift the ban on
The communication, formulated as a
resolution during a conference of thc
union, suggested that inasmuch as sus
pension of thc brewing industry was
adopted as a war measm-e, there was
no further necessity for thc order and
its continued en force ment, at t'nis lime
only served further to aggravatc thc
already difficult u nem pioy ment, proh
1 e m.
The resolution, mndc public by
Ernest Bohm, secretary t^ thc organi
::at ion, reads:
"Whereas, Since il is apparent that
conspicuous among thc problems in
volved in lhe work of reconstruc?
tion is tluit of thc growing number
<'i unemploycd, it behooves us to
consider the elimination, so far as
possible, of all sources of enforced
'"Whereas, Thousands of wage
carners have been deprived of em?
ployment, with their numbcrs being
daily added to, as the incvitable re?
sult of the order ot thc President
of the United States. which took ef?
fect December 1, 1918, suspending
brewing of malt liquors for an in
definite period, having for its pur?
pose the conserving of food materials
a i war measure; and.
"Whereas, Although the war has
ended. economy in use of food ma
terials must still be practiccd, it is
aparent. however, that whatever
conservation may bc effected, thc
continuancc of this order must
operate to increase unemployment
al home. due t i the sudden termina
tion of the war. which could not. have
boi n forcsecn at thc time of its is?
"Resolved, That. this conference,
representing mcn and women wago
e .nn rs of Cne State of Xew York.
respectful'y urge the President of
tlie I'nited States, to revoke this
order, and that a certified copy of this
resolution be forwarded to him and
to the food administrator at Wash?
ington, Ii. C.
Mr. Bohm said thc American Labor
Party, m which he is a leader, has
made anti-prohibition one of the im?
portant issues in its campaign as a
reconstruction mesure. He fell the
lifting of the ban on this order would
assure a! leasl 1,000,000 workers' of
jobs and do much to ease unemploy?
ment difficultii s.
Kockhiii'] Couniy Homes
Opened to II. S. Soldiers
Tho Rockland County Welfare Asso?
ciation, through its chairman, Mrs II
Durant Rose, of New City, X. V? an?
nounced yesterday that it had arranged
for convalesccnt soldiers, sailors and
marines to spend one or two weeks in
the country without cost. The only
stipulation made by the association
is that tho men must have clean
iccords in the service.
Rockland County, the association
points out, is noted as a health resort.
Returning men in the service, it adds
ure often prevented from going back
into the industrial world because they
are still convalesccnt when discharged
These men the association hopes to
aid m regaining their health by open?
ing the homes of Rockland County to
Information regarding the iocation
ol the homes and the train service
may bc had by addressing a letter to
Mrs. Rose. Applications will be in-'
vestigated as prompily as possible
Misfortune Hannts Family '?
"Harveys" Are Visited by Death,
Illness aml Farjnine
Misfortune seems to have ?ingled out '
the "Harvcy" family. Thc father died
ol heart trouble in September, after a
long ilrnesB, which used up all of the
family savings, leaving his* wife and,
live children destitute. The youngest '
child is a mere infant of seven months !
and Mrs. "Harvey" has been in poor
health over since its birth. Two of
tho children must be operated on for'
deformed legs, and the other three aro'
badly in need of a nourishmg diet as
they are just recovoring from the'in
(luonza. Ihe Brooklyn Bureau of Chari
ties is looking after all these matters ;
nnd appeals ior largo or small contri?
butions toward a fund of $200 for the i
pressing needs of the family. Contri?
butions may ho sent to thc bureau nt|
69 Schermerhorn Street, Brooklyn,
markod "For 401 TR." !
Want U. S. to Buy Mexican Soil
SACRAMENTO, Cai., Jan. 13. A
joint resolution urging tho purchn.so of
Lower California, tho Coronado Islands
and portions of. the State o-f Sonora,
Mexico, contiguous to the Colorado
River was introduced in the California
The resolution requestod Congress to
urjre the President. to initiate negotia?
tions with MexUo.
? a3* *3? a ClCtS
of 1919 are iden
StaiTlDS ^ca' w^^ ^ose ?^
bought in 1918 may be exchanged
for War Savings Stamps of the
new issue on the same basis as
last year. No new Thrift Card is
r Savings for the con
(Issueof venience of
are somewhat smaller in size
than the 1918 issue, are blue in
color and carry a portrait of
Benjamin Franklin, the great
American advocate of sensible
Except in appearance, how?
ever, War Savings Stamps of
the new issue are unchanged from
those of last year. They can be
purchased from the same agencies
which sold the 1918 issue. They
cost $4.1 2 in January and one cent
additional each month throughout
the year. On January 1, 1924,
the Government will pay you
$5.00 for each War Savings
Stamp of this issue. This rep?
resents interest on your money
at 4 per cent, compounded quar?
ar SavingS do not have
Stamps (Issueof to be cashed
ln or con
verted to the new issue. Save
them! The Government will
pay you Five Dollars for each
one you hold on January 1 ,
1923, whether your card is filled
ew are necessary for your
Cards '919 War Savings
Stamps. Do not paste
the new blue stamps on your old
1 91 8 W. S. S. card. Ask for a
new card when you buy your first
stamp of the new issue.
[aximiim ln addition to the
ingr amount bought
during 1918, you
may purchase a maximum of
$1,000 worth of War Savings
Stamps during 1919. You may
purchase this maximum for each
member of your family.
uild for American Prosperity
and your own buccess
W. S. S.
WAR LOAN ORGANIZATION
Second Federal Reserve District
War Savings Dept., 120 Broadway, New York