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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 15, 1919, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDLSE ADVER
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
IS CUARAXTEED
WEATHER
Partly cloudy and colder to-day; f?lf
to-morrow; moderate west and
northwest winds.
rr? n ,-wTa ( In <J?'?t<*r ?w York and
I M O l tMS i within eommuting dintan<e
THRKJB CENT9
KUewbere
'Dry'U.S. Seems
Assured by Six
States9 Vote
Seven "Dryw Legislature*
Yet !o Art Are Expected
to Give Six More Needed
?YTets' Form Organization
Move Started to Force Sub
mission of Referendum
in 15 Commomvealtks
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.?Six states
to-day, by completing ratitication of !
;hc Federal "bone dry" amendment, '
virtually assured national prohibition. |
Six more Iegisiatures must ratify be- !
fore the 'amendment becomes a law. <
Seven dry statcs arc yet to take action,:
but nearly all. if not all, are expected
to vote for the amendment, thus as
suring its passagc.
To-day's report of six states is the
largest in one day since the amend?
ment was submitted to the Iegisiatures.
Kansas, North Carolina, Alabama, Ind?
iana, Illinois and Arkansas completed
action on the bill, and the Utah ?House
of Representatives and the Nebraska
Senate voted for ratitication. A test
vote in the Wisconsin Legislature
showed that thc amendment will be \
ratitied to-morrow.
States Acting to Date
Thc states which have ratitied the j
amendment are Kentucky, Virginia, ?
Mississippi, South Carolina, North Da- |
kota, Montana, Idaho, Maryland, Ari- I
y.ona, Delaware, Texas, South Dakota, !
Massachusetts, Georgia, Louisiana, i
Florida, Michigan. Ohio, Oklahoma, J
Maine, Tennessee, Wcst Virginia, j
Washington, California, Kansas, North !
Caroline. Indiana, Alabama, Arkansas j
and Illinois. Total, 30.
Dry states whose Iegisiatures have
not yet taken action on the amendment
are Xew Ilampshire. X'cw Mex?
ico. Nebraska, Nevada, Colorado, Utah
r.nd Wyevning. Total, 7.
Action to-day by the Illinois House :
of Representatives \vas by a vote of j
Sl to 66, the Senate having acted last 1
week. The Arkansas Senate adopted
unanimously the resolution ratifying'
the amendment, which was passed by
the House yesterday. Following yes
terday's indorscment by the Indiana
. hc House to-ds?y ratilicd by a
.' '.e ef 87 to 11.
i i Colorado, after some irregularity.
7 amendment resolution has passed
lh House and reached tho third read
Ihe Senate, which is scheduled to
e ? lace to-morrow.
Restraining Order Issued
' i fornia the Assembiy refused
ti reconsider its action of last night
? ng ratitication of thc amend
msnt. Although dispesed of by the
ature, a temperary order re
straining Governor William D. Ste- .
uhen's from certifying the legislative
ratitication was issued in San P'rancis- :
co. Hearing was set for January 20.
Opposition to the m-.tional amend- ;
mer.t is increasing, thc "wcts" efTecting I
permknent organization in Chicago of
h committee to fight national prohibi?
tion. officers of thc distillers' com?
mittee are Samuel Woolner, of I'eoria,
IU., chairman: Henry M. Xaylon,'
Itochf-stcr. vice-chairman: George F. !
Deterlc, Cincinnati, secrctary-troasur
cr; Lcvy Mayer, Chicago, chief coun- :
?cl.
R< ?olutions adopted by the commit?
tee declare that fifteen of the states
Which already have ratilicd thc.prohi?
bition amendment or are about to do
to have laws requiring the submission
??f the question to the voters, and de
elared that legal steps would be taken
to compel the referendum of the \
amendment in these state?. The com- j
mittee will meet January 28 in Xew
York.
I'oliticians Arc Mystified
Politiciana here are frankiy mystified
every day by mail from their "wet" con
?tttuents which breathes optimism,
"Out in the country," said one "wet"
Senator to-night, "folks seem to think
the returning soldier:*, fresh from ob
Hervatiofof the benefita of light wines
m France, arc goin^ to upset this pro?
hibition steam roller. They arc not
Coinif to do anything of the sort. In :
the ftrtt place they will not be united,;
and ia the second place they won't get j
here in time. The Federal amendment1
'? being ratitied by Iegisiatures. not by
Popular votes, and the verv essence of
pracbcal politics is that to vote for a
moral rt-form never loscfl a candidate i
^f>t*?. but that to vote against it is '
almost xuicide.
hV that *ven if ihc soldiers were'
?il back, and all against prohibition,
??y could not stop it. Hut I venture
">e prediction that the dry amendment
*>n be ratified by the six morc statcs ,
? ne*dx while w? have still nearly a
"""on men in France."
Neic York Senate
Expected to Vote
Down Dry Resolution
Staff Ctirrrnpondmci;
AJ.BANY.Jar,. H. The "drys" started
?!.., TBJthfe '**"? h<?r'' to-day. Flrst
?*y had th- |?rlsl?tWe ta?d?rs s?t
mm ntxt Ttwsday ?fternoon for a
'; ???"?* on the Thompson-MeNab!
SSrS tJ*?T?:?f?!?tion. Th.iT, Senator
i J, ? ' I/"""!".''!'. of Niajjara, who
U,w'7 th" i>Khl '" th<' UfUtatUW,
mVmn,}" "''"'" ?'?'?'*"*??"?""? to force
foi
Senate m?
Cih" ?",'?? ???.th. ,/ uf.
u3k.l* '" " W)ih * f?w to Hpare,
?" * "'-"''? ?? ?> (st un end,
-IT. ,* '' ?h*r? ?*"* bfHttf of
Cuntinued on p'xye four
German Captives Will Be
Used to Rehuild France
"DARLS, Jan. 14.?The Cabinft
A decided to-day that German
war prisoners henceforth should
be employed in reconstruction
work in the liberated districts.
The measures adopted provide
that a minimum of 200,000 will be
working in the devastated regions
by March 20.
McCormick Out
As Democratic
Party Chairman
Washington Hears He Will
Be INamed Ambassador
to Suceeed W. G. Sharp
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.?Vance C.j
McCormick has resigned as chairman j
of the Democratic National Committee
ancl it is unucrstood that hc it; under j
consideration for appointment as Amer?
ican Ambassador io France to succccd
William Graves Sharp.
Mr. Sliarp's resignation, it is said. is
now in the hands of the President, but
no announcement of the fact has yet I
been made.
The fact that Mr. McCormick has re- '
signed became known here to-night, al?
though there had been no suggestion
of it when he sailed for France two
weeks ago to assist with work in con?
nection with the peace conference. He '
went to Paris in his capacity ns the ?
chairman of the War Trade Board, a
position to which he was appointed last '?
year.
Sharp Said to Want Rest J
Officials at the White House declined
to discuss the report that. Mr. Sharp1
would return home to be succccdcd by
Mr, McCormick, but it seemed to have :
credence in other official circlcs. Mr. I
Sharp was understood to have desired j
for some time to return to this country
for a rest aftcr his arduous duties as ]
thc American rcpresentatives at the j
French capital during the long years !
of war.
Mr. Sharp, whose home is at Elyria, i
was appointed ambassador to France
June 12, 1914, and resigned from Con?
gress to accept the post. lle succceded
Myron T. Herrick in December. 1914.
Mr. Sharp roturned to the United
States for a brief vacation iu 1916,1
thc only one he had during thc war.
Recently he was called home by the
illness of his brother and is now in '
tho United .States, although it is un
deratood that he expects to return to \
Frarree soon.
Mr. McCormick, who is a newspaper
publisher of Harrisburg, Penn., was the !
Democratic candidate for Governor of |
Pennsylvania in 1914 and was selected j
;;s chairman of the Democratic Na- i
tional Commiitie in 19IG, conducting
President Wilson's campaign in tne !
fall of that year. Upon being appointed !
chairman of the War Trade Hoard j
after the United States entered the
war. hc devoted all his time to that j
work.
It was said hore to-night that Homer
S. Cummings, vice-chairman of the j
Democratic Xational Committee. very I
probably v/ould suceeed Mr. McCor?
mick as the committee's chairman. He !
lias directed the committee's worl: ;
since Mr. McCormick became chairman :
of the War Trade Board, and directed j
lhe last Congressional campaign. He j
is an intimate friend of President Wil
.son.
Left Letter of Resignation
Before departing for France Mr. Mc?
Cormick left his letter of resignation :
with the committee here, but this fact j
was not made public at the time be?
cause Mr. McCormick desired to per- j
sonally inform the President of his ]
decision. He reached Paris last Sun- I
day.
On saiiing Mr. McCormick expected |
that his work in connection with thc !
peace conference would require his j
presence in France for six months. His i
friends here said to-night that tho |
reason for his resignation was that he j
did not carc for the committee chair
manship to be inactrivc for that length J
of time.
Mr# Sharp, before his appointment as I
envoy at Paris was under considera- i
tion an thp American Ambassador at I
Petrograa. Going to Paris soon after |
the war started, Mr. Sharp was from I
thc first confronted with an unusual ;
amount of work..
With the exception of Thomas Nel- !
-on Page, Ambassador to Italy, Mr.
Sharp has served longer than any of
thc American representatives at the i
capitals of tho Entente powers, and;
hc is regarded by officials here as one :
of the ablest of thc country's diplo-j
matic envoys.
Greece Would Close
Aegean Sea to Bulgars ?
Foreign Minister Quoted as
Saying Hi* Nation Mu.st Have !
Rights to Bosporus
Niu> York Tribttne
European llur-au
iCopjrright, 1919, Nc-w York Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, Jan. 14. - M. Politis, Greek
Foreign Minister, and one of the three
Greek plenipotentiaries to the peace j
conference, is reported by a Paris ,
newspaper correspondent to have de- '
clared that the natural solution of tho I
problem ot Constantinople would be to \
adjudfeate tbe city to Greece for a
tirne, at the sarfTe time providing guar- !
antees for the freedom of the Strait!
of the Boeporus.
Regarding Bulgaria, M. Politis is '
quoted as follows:
"Here there must be no complica
tions, Acccss to the /Kgean must be ?
refused tf. her for the sc.ke of the !
security of Western Europe, Without1
thin the AuHtro-Germans will again
take up their dream of domiuating the
Kast,"
Colonel House Slightly 111;
Expected To Be Out Soon
PARIS, Jan. ll. colonel Edward M,
House han been slightly ill for the last
li'v,' days. Me was better to-day, and
expects t<? be oot again soon.
An uneonflrmed report of the death
of ( olonel House was circulated in th<!
financial difetrifit yesterday,
?
tt ou have moni ? . bu* moi??
MHKKTV iiiimim from u
j / , -e/ ii-?.i inorii /. w* ?-?. ui tdjy
LIUKKTV BONDM frorn ymi
JiAm Miirr A to.. ?| llwuv.?Ailn
Ukrainians Kill
2,000 in Raids
On Przemysl
City Bombarded in Furious
Attacks by Bombs in Air
and Guns 011 Land
Hundreds Die in Po&Tom
*-**
Jews Slaugbtered by Peas
ants, Who Accuse Them
of Aiding the Bolsheviki
GENEVA, Jan. 14 (By The Associat-1
| ed Press). Two thousand persons!
have been killed at Przemysl, Galicia,'
by thc Ukrainians, according to a dis
patch to the "Xeue Freie Presse," of i
Vienna, a copy of which has been re?
ceived here.
The Ukrainians have been bombard- ;
ing Przemysl for several days by land '
and by air, and conditions in the town I
are described as terrible.
The gas and electric plants have been !
destroyed and there is no light in the j
town. Water and food also are lack- j
ing.
WARSAW, Jan. 13 ( By The Associat
ed Press i. A pogrom is reported to
have taken place at Berditschew, pop- \
ularly known as the Jewish capital of '
the Ukraine, because of its all-Jewish
population.
The trouble is reported to have oc- <
eurred as a result of an attempt by i
peasants to disarm militia which the j
Jews were organizing for their protec- i
tion in all centres, which they antiei
patcd would be necessary when. the
Moscow government broke up.
Reorts received here give the num?
ber of persons killed as several hun?
dred, while other hundreds are de
clared to have been wounded. There ?
may be some exaggeratlon as to the
extent of the casualties, however.
It is considered here that the con- ;
trol of Petlura, thc Ukrainian leader,]
has weakened, as otherwise he v.orld j
not have permitted the pogrom, his
policy previously having been to pro-,
tect the Jews when possible.
lt is said the Jews lately have been
more bitleiij hated because of their
alleged Bolshevik tendencies, and also
their employment by the Bolsheviki as
spies in many cases, they being tho
only intelligent or educated instru
ments obtainable for this work.
LONDON, Jan. 1-7 An unconfirmed
wireless l essage from Kiev says the
Ukrainian directorate has fallen. The
power in th'e city is now in the hands
of the Bolsheviki.
Bolsheviki Defeated
ln South; Prisoners
And Guns Captured
ODESSA, Jan. 9. General Denekine,
the anti-Bolshevik leader in Southern
Russia, has inflicted a sharp defeat on
the Bolsheviki on the River Kuina, in
tho Caucasus. One thousand prisoners
were captured.
After two days of fighting General
Denekine captured Alexandria Grushev
ska, the Bolsheviki losing a number of
light Iield guns and machine guns.
VLADIVOSTOK, Jan. 11 (By The As?
sociated Press). The evacuation of
L'fa, the centre of non-Bolshevik activ?
ity west of the Urais. by Russian and
Czccho-SIovak forces was hampered by
treachery of railway employes, who
allowed locomotives to freeze when the
city was surrounded by 11.000 Bolshe?
viki. There was much fightiiifr in the
streets ou December 30, attended by
heavy losses on both sides.
On the afternoon of December 30,
after bombarding thc city, the Boi
sheviki advanced on all sides and were
joincd by the railway men. The retir
ing forces, however, managed to make
good their retre.it.
30,000 Bolsheviki Are
Marching Upon Warsaw
Coltumis Are Converging on
Town, Whk'h May iNlcet
thc Fale of Vilna
WARSAW. Jan. 12 (By The Asso?
ciated Press), Bolshevik forces are
converging on Warsaw over three lines
of railroad. They are advancing from
Vilna, and have passed Zudarce and
Orani. Southwest of Lida they have
reached Mosty, which is situated on
the eastern bank of the Nieman River.
Other columns are reported nearing
Brest-Litovsk. The German evacuation
of Bialystok is holding up thc Bolshe?
vik advance in that region.
The number of the enemy is un
known, the Poles not having sent avi?
ators yet to investigate, but it is es?
timated that the Bolsheviki have 30,
000 men. It. is feared that Warsaw is
in danger of meeting the fate of Vilna.
The Poles have a certain number of
soldiers in Posen which may be thrown
against thc Bolsheviki.
There will be littlt- cause for alarm
under three weeks, but the advance of
the Bolsheviki has influenced sympa
thetic elements here. Reports of Spar?
tacide successcs in Berlin had an im?
mediate etfect in Warsaw.
Roosevelt Wanted io Aid
Town WhereSon Is Buried
Colonel AhKcmI Red <xo*h io
Give Chamery I'art of Nohel
Prize Money
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.?Theodore
Roosevelt severel duys before his
death roouested the American Red
OrosK to doiiate 10,900 of its share of
th* Nobol Peace Prize money received
fiom him to thc I'fencn village of
' humery, near which his BOH, Quentin,
\ ..: bill o-ll |
Ii! making this announcement to-day,
i thc Red Cross said Colonel Roose?
velt did not designato the form of
Ihe uie nnd thnt. winhet* of the popu?
lation of Ihe Village me now bring
' eomuilU'd by the Red Ciohh Commis?
sion il* Friiuce*
Reds Threaten to Shoot
30 Swiss as Reprisal
/"JEXEVA, Jan. 14 (By The
^-* Associated Press;.?The Bol?
shevik government in Petrograd
has telegraphed an ultimatum to
the Swiss Federal authorities.
saying that unless thirty Bolshe?
viki, who were arrested and im
prisoned in the Fortress of Savan
tan, in the Canton of Valais, are
released before February 1, thir?
ty Swiss citizens in Petrograd will
be shot without trial. There is
great indignation here over the
situation.
The B61shevik movement seems
to be spreading in the Rhine
towns and in North Switzerland?, to
which Mme. Angelica Balabanova,
a Russian, who recently was ex
pelled, has returned secretly with ,
several million rubles for the i
carrying out of Bolshevik propa?
ganda. The police are searching
for her.
Ebert Orders
Public Armed
To Curb 6Reds'
Berlin Troops Will Be With
drawn, Except Guard to
Insurc a Fair Election
LOXDOX, Jan. 14 - A German wire
lcss dispatch received here says civil?
ians will be armed to defend Beiiin.
Gustav Noske, in charge of the gov?
ernment. defensivc measure*, deliv?
ered a speech in front of thc Foreign|
Office on Sunday thanking the troops
for what they have accomplished, He
said troops had been collected for
thrcatened troubles in thc East, hut
they had been employed in Berlin in?
stead. It was impossible to restorej
ri-dor at the frontiers while in the capi?
tal might was going before right.
Noske added that as soon as Berlin
v.as normal thc troops would bc sent
to their original destination, but a
sufficient number would be retained to
safeguard lhe elections for the Assem?
bly. The speaker concluded by saying,
the German govornm.nt had not for- ]
gott'eYi for an inslunt, its duty to itsj
brethren ih thc Fast. and had done
everything to protect them in thc fut?
ure. securely and lastir.giy, agcinst
"Polish despotism."
Spartacide Leaders Executed
Members of thc Spartacus faction!
have been court-martialed and exe- j
cuted, according lo another wirelcsa
dispatch from Berlin, picked up here.
The dispatch follows:
"The number of killed and wound- I
ed during recent fighting has been |
extraordinarily high, but the cxact |
ligures are not known as yet. The j
Continued on page three '
S. to Preserve Monroe Doctrine
espite Any League; 3,000,000
Tons of German Ships Demanded
Vessels Will Be Operated
by Ameriea lo Garry
Food and Soldiers
Supplies Will Be
Sent lo Teutoiis
Fats and Breaclstuffs Wiil
Be Permilted to Pass the
British Blockade Lines
By George W. Wickersham ;
New York Tribune j
Special Cable Service
(Coti-rlglit, 1019, New Vork Tribune Inc.)
PARIS. Jan. 14. I have just learned
that a delegation consisting of Admiral
Benson, Chairm'an Hurley of the United
.States Shipping Board, and a stalT rep?
resenting American shipping interests:
Norman Davis, representing the United
States Treasury Department; Mr. Shel?
don, representing the War Trade Board,
and similar delegations from four
Allied governments, together with rep?
resentatives of the new Supreme Coun?
cil of Supply iuuI Relief, are starting
to-day for Marchiennc to meet Ger?
man delegates to discuss- with them
and arrango for the delivery tn rcpre?
sentatives of the associated govern?
ments of two million tons of German
cargo shipping and one million tons of
German passenger shipping, in accord
ance with Herbert Hoover's demands
that all idle German ships be used for
lhe purpose of feeding the peoples of
Europe, who hnve been brought to the
verge o,' destitution as the result of
German aggression.
It is proposed that these ships be
operated by tlie United States govern?
ment and tha*. a large pert of them be
iisfe_ to "transport Am.ri^ih soldier';
from Europe, as we.il as Canadians and
Australiari., bririging foodstufl's on
their return trips. By this means the
American boys can bc got home in
very much shorter time than other?
wise would be possible and adequate
provision he made for the transporta?
tion of foodstuffs t0 Europe which will
avert an impending famine.
If this plun is accomplished it is pro?
posed that Germany be perrnitted to
import in regulated quantities fats and
breadstuffs through the blockade. It is
understood that the Supreme Council
of Supply end Relief has ascertained
Continued on. next page
The Ear at the Keyhole
Allies to Seize All Hidden U-Boats
PARIS, Jan. 14 (By the Associated Press).?A report presented
to tlie Allied council having charge of the carrying out of the naval
terms of the armistice stated, according' to the morning newspapers,
that the Inter-Allied commission which visited Kiel and Wilhelms
haven discovered submarines under construction in slips, which the
enemy thought would be overlooked. The report adds that the Ger?
mans contended that they were entitled to retain possession cf thc
underwater craft.
According to the report, the discovery at Kiel and Wilhelmshaven
led to the finding of other vessels and, consequently, the new terms
of the armistice will require the surrender of all submarines already
built and the destruction of those on the ways.
French Insist
Poland Is Lost
If Allies Delay
Paris Press Contends 4Reds'
Can Be Checked Only
by Armed Intervention
By Frederick Moore
New York Tribune .
Special Cable Service I
(Cownslit. 1919, New Yorl; Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, Jan. 14.?Out of the great
mass of problems before the Allied
' representatives, first one and then an- j
1 other attains the front of the stage
1 and rouses discussion for a few hours
i or days in the Paris press. The prob?
lem now before the Allied commission
, ers and the vast. international public
i gathered here is that of Poland and
of the American attitudc toward tha;
nation.
On behalf of the American commis?
sion Secretary Lan sing to-day denied
the ''Temps" statement of yesterday
that tha UnHed States had agreed w
employ troops in Poland; he denied
also that thc American government had
approved intervention by the Allies
there.
The Allies. cf course, have entire
freedom oi action without Ameriea, but
in this problem, as in many others.
they desire American paiticipation.
What the British position is I am un?
able to state, but the French seem to
desire action. while the American po?
sition seems '.o be entirely negative,
except in the matter of food relief.
Thc Polish problem. like each of th"
other hundred problems before the
Continued on page three
Cecil Opposes
World Police
To Keep Peace
Lord Robert Says Force
of Moral Opinion Will
Prevent Widespread War
PARIS. Jan. 14 (By The Associated
Press).-Lord Robert Cecil, who has
been charged by the British govern?
ment v.ith thc duty of presenting
Great Bri'ai.i's ideas with regard to a
league of nati* ns, to-night gave the
American journalists his views as to
the actual working details of the pro?
posed league. It was the most com
prehensive statement yet undertaken
by any of the delegates to the peace
conference.
At the outsct Lord Robert offered
his definition of a league of nations as
follows:
"An improved association of na?
tions providing safeguards for peace
und the securing of better inter
fiatioiial cooperation."
Lord Robert's Conception
The basis of a league of nations as
cor.ceived by Lord Robert" may be
epitomized as follows:
"An agreement among nations by
viiich ench nation-binds itself to s?e
that all warlike disputes arc pre?
sented to the league's tribur.al for
consideration, and the use of force
to accomplish this, if necessary.
"Quarrels are to remain under con?
sideration for a specifled time. and
:urthcr time is to elapse after a
decision has been reached before the '
contending countries shall be allowed ]
to go to war. Moial force, however, ;
is to be the ultimate factor employed |
to prevent var."
Opposes International Police
7- amplificauon, Lord Robert nssert- '.
ed that an international army and navy
were not feasible at this time. Xations, '
he said, were not ready to surrender !
their sovereignty to a" league of na-j
tions to the extent that they would ]
be willing to allow a league to dictate
whether they should employ their !
forces in the settling of a quarrel j
which the tribunal had been unable to :
prevent by moral suasion.
Lord Robert said he believed. how- j
ever, that each nation should bind it?
self to use all means, even force, in
order to compel the dispute to be
brought before the league's tribunal.
"The preservation of peace would
be :he normal instead ol the special
function of tlie league," said Lord Rob?
ert. "In case of a quarrel the leagHe
cou'd only express an opinion, because
an international army is not feasible
for settling dispute-:. The power be
nind the league would not be police
control, but the weight of pubiic opin?
ion. Pubiic opinion. however, would
be sufficient to insure at least that. any
future war would be reduced to single
disputes; that is, there would never
bc another war like the present one."
No More World Wars
Lord Robert would not go so far as
to say there would be no more wars,
but he exprossed confidence that they
would bc confined to the immediate dis
putants.
"In the daily life of any country,"
Lord Robert continued, "it is pubiic
opinion and r.ot the policeman which
controls the conduct of the people.
You have yourselves seen that even in
cases where law and pubiic opinion
clash pubiic opinion wins."
As to the rnachinery of a league of
nations, Lord Robert said there should
be an international secretariat oper
-ating permanently to carry on the
routine business between meetintrs of
the main international tribunal. The
main tribunal would meet periodically.
perhaps every month or six weeks, to
handle matters of moment.
-?--~ . ..
New British Submarine
Has 3,000-Mile Radius
LOXDOX, Jan. 14.- The AdmiraPy
to-day permitted to be made pubiic the
real story of the submarine cruisers
the British successfully eonstructed at
the time the Germans were boasting
of their super-submarines.
Thc British craft have two "unnels
and make twenty-four knots an hour on
the surfacc under Stcam power. They
carry from eight to ten torpedo tubes.
two or three i-inch guns. and arc a'so
equipped with internal combustion
motors for surfacc cruising. The bat
teries for the undersea power can be
charged both froni the steam and com?
bustion engines, and an ingsnious
scheme has beer devised fcr quiekly
dismantling Ihe runnels for tiie pur?
pose of submorging.
The vessels di place 2,000 tons on the
BUrfaeo and 2.700 tons submerged.
They are 340 feet long, have a beam of
26 feet and a cruising radius of 3.00J
miles; They are designed to be even
a match for torpedo boat destroyers in
surfacc fight Ing.
It is nlao known that thr- Britiah
have succcssftily built a .submarine c i
rying a 12-inch gun, although the d*?
tailr; of this craft have notjbeen made
tublic.
Armistice Envoys Start
for Treves; Wilson Con?
tinues Paris Conferences
Fortv Plans td
Safeguard Peace
Teutons To Be Ordered to
Not Move Gold Reserve;
Council Meeting To-day
PARIS, Jan. 14 (9:1? p. nt.) i By The
Associated Press). The conference of
President Wilson with Premier Lloyd
George. Andrew Bonar Law and Arthur
J. Balfour this afternoon gave oppor?
tunity for a most satisfactory exchango
of views on the subjects coming up for
settlement at to-morrow's session of
the Supreme War Council. The hope
is expressed that this will result ih
giving greater speed to the work of
both the Supreme War Council and
the inter-Allied peace conference. The
President also received Premier Ves
nitch, Serbian Minister to France, and
Mme. Vasnitch.
It is expected that the siltings of
the war council will occupy the entire
day. One of the questions to be dis?
cussed is the official languagc to be
used during the sessions. It appears
also that the question of representa
tion has not been entirely solved, ?nd
l this matter will come up for further
! discussion.
it is said to-night that the supposi
tion that the French languagc haa been
decided upon as the only tongue to be
used in the conference is at least
premalure.
Parliament Occupies Premier
The opening session of Parliament
? and the Cabinet meeting to-day took
1 up the attention of Premier Ciemenccau
and his collaborators. sc thai little
opportunity was afforded for a fur?
ther conference with thc French states
men before to-morrow's meeting. It
is not thought that there wiil be r.r.y
difficulty in settling the questions of
languagc, procedure and representation,
though, in view of the number of na?
tions represented and their varying in?
terests, ihe question of reprcsentation
may develop a somewhat lengthy dis?
cussion.
Nearly forty different plans for a
league of nations are now befcre the
American delegates. Each has points
of merit. but many eontain sections
directly at variance with the ideas
form ing the bases of the other out
lm.es.
In order that the inter-Allied confer?
ence may benefit by all this matter
t is to be laid before p. commission I
created for the purpose. It is even
probable that it will be submitted scp
arately to < ach delegation. to has ten a
conclusion.
American Ideals Safeguarded
Po far as they have expressed them?
selves, the Americans, after a pains
taking examination, which is still in.
progress, find nothing, it is declared,
whicli endangcrs any American ideals.
j such as the Monroc Doctrine, for in
; staneo
One point upon which thc Americans
| will insist, i'. is understood, is what?
ever project is adooted it '.-hall bc
included in the treaty which orficialiy
terminatcs the world war.
Respecting Monday's meeting of th?
Supreme War Council, Premier Cle?
menceau said to-day:
"Wc finished, first of all, with _ht
armistice, and there, I think, we did
good work. Then we continued our ex?
amination of the procedure for the
conference, notably the representation
of the smail powers. As to thc con?
ference itself. which should meet on
Thursday, it had to be postponed until
Saturday on account of the absence of
the Italian Premier, Signor Orlando,"
Thc four American armistice rcpre
sentatives started to-day fo_. Treves,
where Marshal Foch is prcsenting the
, new terms to the German commission.
The party consisted of Admiral Will.
i; in Shepherd Benson, chief of opcra
tions "or tbe United States Navy; Nor?
man H. Davis, representing the United
States Treasury; Edward N. Hurley,
chairman of the American Shipping
Board, ?nd Louis P. Sheldon, who will
represent Herbert C. Hoover, the
American Food Administrator.
German Shipping Demanded
1 he economic terms approved by yes?
terday's session of the Supreme War
Council. to be imposcd for thc exten?
sion of the armistice, provide that Ger?
many shall hand over to thc Allies all
her cargo steamers in German and
other ports to enable the Allies to re
victual Germany and such adjaccnt
countries ns may be decided upon.
Tho terms also require the restit??
i tion of all manufacturing machinery.
etc. taken from the invaded regiojys
j which it is possible to identlfy. This
was decided upon in vtow that it would
bring about a quicker^revival of eco

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