3fet? gork ?ritome
Fifst t. Last?the Truth: News?Editorials
* V-m'r- i>f tlM A'.l.tH Bure?u of Orrtititton*
| WEDNESDAY, JANUAKY J3. 1919
tfv. .,( .,?,| publtslicd iio.v bv New Vork Tribune Ine..
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I i ? d relief Cor various unnamed "pop?
ulations of Europe and countries con
Liguous thereto" is to be like a barragc
raid down against the spread of Bol
shovism. President Wilson cabled to
Congress from Paris: "Bolshevism is
. teadily advancing westward, is poison
ing Germany. lt cannot be stopped by
force, luit it can be stopped by food."
Tiie American people will not, if itcan
help lt. see any oi thc populaticns in Eu?
rope or Asia starve which have suffered
in the war without any fault of their
oWn. We arc ready not only to lend but
( i give out ol" cur abundance to the Bei
; ns, Poles, Czecho-SIovaks, Rumani
aijs, South Slavs, Serbians, Montenc
;:rins, Albanians, Avmenians and Syri
. jss. Wc are ready to assist these un
fcjitunate peoples as a duty we owe to
hfjmanity?in thc same spivit in which
c have sought to help them heretofore
trjrough thc Beigian and Polish relief
commissions and the Red Cross. We
*!;irc say a straight appeal to American
ginerosity would carry even more weight.
than any argument based on political ex
pedii ncy. Hut can we placate Bolshevism
[ly by fecding it? .Should we feed it,
i to placate it ? ls rationing a weapon
all? What we want is a rational
ical and military policy which will
c order in Poland and Russia and
p thc sources of the Bolshevist in
footl is sent to the populations of
Ecslern Europe great care ought to be
.ivkcn to see that its distribution docs not
ifcrengthen thc hands of those who arc
?qnducting thc propaganda of anar
ijism. Lenine and Trotzky have tight
:ni their grip on Russia through con
Lijol of Russian food supplies. Many
?it the rule of lerror in order to eat.
Tjierc is no end to thct except thc end of
.ho foi ii. Pei ple cannot practise Bol
IJcvism and feed themselves. They eat
a| thc expense of others.
fn every case where food is supplicd by
hc Allied governments the people who
rcc'ive it must exhibit a willingness to
cijasc to be non-productive?to turn to
w?rk. They must be willing to contrib
ute t" the restoration of civil order.
W'ia; the li tressed populations of East
-m Europe, now tormented by Bolshevist
pjfopaganda, need most after food i.s
encouragement to become self-sup
pt$rting once more. And they have been
I] 7,1 0f that encouragement by the
iltcr lack of a clear Allied policy of paci
ication and reconstruction.
food question is only one phase of
thc general Eastern European question,
which thc Allied governments have per
sistently pushed into the background.
Food can be only a palliative. Whether
Eastern Europe is rationed or not, Bol
ihevism will continue a running sorc. If
it is not healed before a new European
or3er is established at the peace confer?
ence, it will return to plaguc Europe be?
fore the ink is dry on the Versailles
The Gold Pool vs. Foreign Loans
Simultaneously comes word that the
! Oited States and its allies will form
ternational gold pool and that sev
I governments now seeking direct
in this country will bc encouraged
tlly and otherwise. Both arc ex
' Went steps in the direction of meeting
? iremely difficult situation. Tbe
Sold poo] will be, morc or less, on the
.'dan of our Federal Reserve svstem,and
the design is to arrange the settlement
f trade balances without further ship?
ments of gold from one country to an?
other. This would be an ideal arrange?
ment in normal times. It would be of
?light efflcacy alone now.
situation is that our trade balance
this year will run three billions in our
favor. And it will be a real balance.
'. e., there will le but small offsetn. The
Iwrger part of this debt will be against
England, France and Italy. Some way
it must bc met. Our government can go
on loaning billions to the governments of
intriw, and they in turn can
< e funds in a fashion to liquidate
balances, as in the last year and a
That crcatfs an ili-baiauced political
(tuation. You can't talk on even term*
o .- man to whom you owe a great deal
money and want to owe much more.
d? -over. these are questions of finance;
d a political end to financial arrange
wnt? ic all wrong. Half a billion in
? gold pool, with the United 8t?tf* con
tributing twoflftttj, would not meet the
ritoation at all. f^an?, and heavy loans,
'?ne can do that. These loans shouln
W made directly by the thrifty folk of
this country. The Trea?ury MMSf to
have recognized thia promptly, and wm?
large fozeign^oans may ?oou be floated.
That will be an ideal beginning for the
United States as a creditor nation and a
real power in international finance.
The Nation's Health
The war has taught us mujch?if we
will only remember our lessons! Im
perfcetly as the health agencies of the
nation were unified for thc duration of
the war, there wcrc immense benefits
immediately yielded and there was a
promise of va?t possibilities. All this
is disappearing with thc return of peace
aiul will bc lost completely unless thc
proposal for a Federal department of
health, with a secretary of health in
the President's Cabinet, shall be speedily
adopted by Congress.
Under our existing Constitution there
is no dangev that sucii a department
would absorb every health agency and
stiflc independent thought. Health is
an aii'air of the states, primarily. under
our system, and a national control could
at most be directive and advisory, and
such authority as it obtained over ex?
isting state and private associations and
institutions would be wholly voluntary.
What, then. would be accomplished? As
Dr. Vincent, of the Rockefeller Fourida
ilon, made clear in his discussion in last
Sunday's Tribune Magazine. cooperation
in research would be one of the most im?
portant gains. Under the guidance and
influence of a national health depart?
ment possessing the prestige which a
seat in the Cabinet would give it, over
lapping of effort and confusion could be
largely eliminated and united effort se?
cured along many lines. What is not
less important, the adoption of half
baked public policies by cities ancl states
would be made unlikely, for there would
then bc an authoritative central body,
whose conclusions and recommendations
would be ha.sed on a comparison of all
evidence and would be generally re
In Justice to the Y. M. C. A.
There is danger that a very grave in- ;
justice will be done thc Y. M. C. A. |
Our fighters seem to be in a groucli with
it. The most human quality of youth is '
gossip. "If they didn't kick, they
wouldn't fight,"said an officer in France j
last summer when he reminded a "Y" '
secretary that his doughboys were kick- \
ing about their mail, their food, their j
quarters, and their pay. i
Before the armistice was signed wc j
used to hear that the Y. M. C. A. was ;
open to criticism behind the lines, but i
that at the front the serviees rendered |
under fire were beyond praisc. One com- ]
manding officer insisted that tlie "Y" sec- ;
retary attached to his battalion march j
with the men through Paris on thc j
Fourth of July. Secretaries were mcn- !
tioned in citations and were elected hon- i
orary members of outfits.
You can't very well criticise a man J
when he crawls out to your machine gun '
nest through a barrage to bring you your i
smokea and cookics and chocolat.es and |
letters from home. And the records show j
that secretaries cik! things like that. j
Many were wounded, some. were killed.
The secretary in his hut back in the j
training area had a harder time and less
opportunity to win popularity. He was i
a country storekeeper. a janitor, a the?
atrical .booking agent, a promolcr of ath- '
letics and a librarian roiled into one.
Formerly thc criticism one heard of j
the Y. M. C. A. took these difficultics I
nnd differences' into account, and was at :
least discriminating; but now it is bc- !
coming fashionable to say unplcasant
things about thc organization. and much
of its really line work is disregarded. i
When you remember that each mili?
tary unit formed its opinion of thc whole
Y. M. C. A. organization from one Y. M. J
C. A. secretary you can realize. how '?
much cnergy, tact and resourcefulness '
each of many hundreds of secretaries
should have had. Unfortunatcly many
of them didn't measure up. That was :
Perhaps thc greatest fault of the Y. j
M. C, A. was that it assumed too many j
burdens. It was asked by the army to j
run the canteens, and it did. It was
asked to organize entertainments, ath- !
letics and educational work, and it did.
It was asked to send money home for
the soldiers, and it did. The army called
for more new secretaries, and still more,
The Y. M. C. A. got them and sent them
over, bolieving that. even though all of
them weren't ideal, it was better to send
them than to let the landing troops be
without their hut.s. And the troops were
landing by the hundreds of thousands.
The army wanted one secretary for each
unit of five hundred men. But with the
number of men in the army and tlie
number engaged in jobs which they
couldn't leave at home, that goal was.
never reached. Ask the men who were
without "Y" service part of the time.
They will tel! you what. it meant. They
are the ones who realize best what our
army's life wbuld have been without this
organization. Tho Y. M. C. A. assumed
the prosaie, useful jobs. There was
'ittle picturesqueness in its work. There
Were weeks and months of grtielling
labor?in warehouses, for instance.
To dismiss with a thoughtless, unin
formed word the efforts of an organiza?
tion which has earnestly tried to do its
best is not fair play. One hears the
work of the Y. M. C. A. contrasted un
favorably with that of the Red Cross.
There is a sentimental reason, perhaps,
for that. The basic appeal of the Red
j Cross ii that it helps tlie helpless. The
Y. M. C. A. dealt with whole mcn. Tha'
was the urulerfttood division of work be
; tween thc two organizations. Soldiers
I who say they didn't ee a Y. M. C. A.
man or woman from thc time they were
? '.vounded until they reached horho do not
rtalize ihe reason, \nd they den't real
i i/,e how much they hurt the Y. M. C. A.
when they make crit'eism which ;-:cems
to Wulicttte a lack of human sympathy.
When a man ?ays the Y. M. C. A. -old
dt*r raeachandise hc doesn't rfealize th?t
the canteen system, supplanting the post
exchanges run by the military in other
wars, was run by the "Y," by request,
| with funds separate from those raised
j for the regular work of building and
| manning huts, tranaporting supplies and
furnishing athletics, educational work
! and entertainment. He doesn't remem?
ber, if hc ever kn2w. that supplies were
given away under tire.
Dr. Fletcher's Art of Eating
Chance, not serviees rendered, seems to
control the prccesses by which a pjrson's
name is taken up as a common noun, or
formed into a verb. Who was Captain
Boycott? Nobody knows or cares. yet he
yielded cne of our meatiest and best of
modern words. Will "to fletcherize" last
!ong enough to reach a similar fatc? We
guess not, judging by thc relative disuse
into which lhe word has already fallen.
As we read of Dr. Horaee Fletcher's
death, the idea for which lie popularly
stood comes back like an echo.
This does an injustice to an unusually
able investigator as it happdns. Dr.
Fletcher has. naturally. rcccded from
that peak of glory wherein he presided
nt every brcakfast table. He remains as
a ver.v real contributor to our modern
science of dietetics, such as it is. There
was nothing new in the idea that masti
cation aids digestion. We wonder how
many millions of gobbling children have
been frightened by thc shade of Glad
stone with his thirty-two chews per mor
sel! But Dr. Fletcher developed the idea
by experiincntaticn upon himself and
laid a foundation for much that has
Som. of hi? notions have been over- .
thrown. An cssential truth remains and
it is probable that no health-theorist has
done so much good and so little harm.
The fundamental facts that we eat too
much and eat too fast are unassailable.
Even if Dr. Fletcher's plca for 700 bites
to the onion is altogethcr practicable, his
influence was sound and in the right di?
rection. And, unquestionabl-y, if we eat
slowcr we do not care to eat so much.
Tlie Csiar of Russia is lost in legend
Unless he shall again appear deflnitely
iu thc flesh, so that, his identity may lie
positivcly established before all the
world, thc question of his fate will be
always disputed. lle will lake his place
in thc list with the lost Dauphin \,(
France, wiio is supposed to have lived
out a quiet life in Ameriea a!'tc;' being
spiritcd away, and with "John Ord," a
brother of Franz .Jo'-ef. who renounccd
his title and sailed away ia a vessel re?
ported lost with all hands, but who ia
supposed fo be living incognito on an
obscure, palm-shaded island. far frcm
the reach of the turmoil that markctl
the last days of the Mapsburg court.
As a result of the conflicting stories
now being circulated regarding thc
Czar, tbe public mind is already divided
as to whether a Bolshevik bullet really
ended his life or whether thc Count.
Tatichcv, thc Emperor's personal mili?
tary attache, with a supreme devotion
to duty, died in his master's stead. Only
the clearing up of the mystery can pre?
vent the reports years hencc that in the
death of some obscure old man of for?
eign appearance thc end hasfmally come
to him who was once Autocrat of All the
Epizootic ond fnflnenr.n
From the hunters of Northern Sas
katchewan comes the report that game
is being "decimated" by influenza; that
the smaller animals show marked symp?
toms of thc disease, and that even the
moose are so weakened that they be?
come cxliausted quickly when pursued.
Thc report is just ano'her hit of evi?
dence added to the yet unsettled dis
pute among scientists as to whether or
not influenza attaeks animals. In earlicr
days it was accepted without question
that such was the case. The frightful
epidemic that swept thc Creek army in
thc te.nth year of the siegc of Troy is
bclieved by many scientists to have been
influenza. Homcr, describing thc rav
ages of the disease, said:
"Ori mtili's ancl dogs tii* infection first
And last, tho vcn__ful arrows fix'd them?
selves on man."
A carefully compiled chronology of in?
fluenza, beginning with this supposed
Groek outbreak of the disease. records
numerous instances wherein both hu
mans and animals seemed to suffer from
thc same disease. One historian of in?
"Cows antl liorac3 hnve especially suf?
fered, ns is o'onerved in the epidemics of
173,'!, 1737. "M)'.;, 1831 nnd 183?. Dogs,
eats, deer, shcep and swinc hnve not on
joyed immunity; poultry aJso; and even
fish seemed occasionally to bc atlectcd by
lhe morbid influence."
On the other hand, scientists who have
experimented with the disease declarc
they have found it impossible to transfer
the complaint to any of a long list of
animals; monkeys alone showed a toxic
effect, but true influenza did not develop.
These scientists assert tha.t the disease
that attaeks animals is what is com
monly known a ? epizootic, the symptoms
of which are. very similar to those of the
influenza wbich attaeks human beings. A
generntion or two ago,> for instancc,
Ameriea almost suffered a transportation
tie-up because cf an epidemic of epizootic
thal attacked the horses.
German papers say thal Theodore
Roosevelt was the "area enemy" of Ger?
many. This is the moRt complete and
wholly satisfactory eulogy that has yet
How can the Administration expect to
cope with the high cost <$f living if its
membci'i.1 continue to resign becuuae
they can't live on their salaries?
Thoughts on a Roosevelt
Additional Suggestions as to
the Form the Tribute
To the Editor of Tlie Tribune.
SIR: You asked for suggestior.s i'or a
memorial to Colonel ' Roosevelt, l
should suggest the opening oi.' a new
avenue. paraliel to Fifth Avenue, between
Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue. Beginning
;.t. the Worth Jloiiuniont, at Twenty-lifth
Street, nnd running north to Gentral Park
and widcning out as it approaehcs the
park, thereby forming an upon square.
Place in the centre of this sc'iiare an heroic
equestrian statue of Colonel Roosevelt.
Xow, at the beginning of this new thor
oughfare, at a sufficient distance from the
Worth Monunient to make . it imposing,
build thc new arch to the soldiers and sail?
ors and heroes of Ihe World War. This
ne-.v avenuo will run through Bryant Park.
W. H. WARNOCK.
Tarrytovvn, X. V.. Jan. 12, 1919.
To tlie Editor of Tiie Tribune.
Sir: What memorial could we erect that
would more entirely sum up the principles
that acluatcd his career and that would bc
eoino. year by year a more appropriate
tribute to his memor: (han by establishing
universal serviee. nnd thus finish the work
he so greatly began? By creating this in?
stitution, his name would become ilisepa
rably bound up with the very structure of
our government. DAVID T. EATON.
Boston, Mass.,,Jan. 11, 1919.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: When p. transcontinental route had
been laid out from the Atlantic to the Pa?
cific and named the Lincoln Highway, it -was
i'eit thal an ideal had been achicved as a
memorial to a mnn of Lincoln's type.
With tlie Lincoln Highwa;*. already well
defined and marked for completion, tho
Roosevelt Highway ready to be outlined
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. paraliel to
the Lincoln, and the Washington awaiting
the patriotic impulsc ol" Ihe people of the I
South, our three most distinguished Presi
dents would receive the tribute of immortal
rcnown nnd the country would profit by
bonds of ideal communication from one end I
FREDERICK LtXCOLN SMITH.
Philadelphia, Penn., Jnn. 13, 1919.
To tlie Editor of Tlie Tribune.
Sir: What statue could adequately por
tr.'iy f'c vii*ili**? of Roosevelt? Or what
memorial arch or column would typify the
greates? American since Lincoln? Xone thnt
I can imaginc. What. llien. should he hi-*
memorial? I believe that Gouvcrneur Mor
ris's supgestion of n "Happy Hunting
Ground" is tbe best one yet made. The
chief fault, lo find with it is that it is so
coniplicated, and really more idcalistic than I
I have a suggestion of nv own to make.
lt. comes near to a practical realization of
the "Happy Hunting Ground" proposed hy
Gouverncur Morris. My idea is to rename
the Yellowstonc Nationa' Park, our soenic
wonder of nature, after our gycat soldier
Prosident. KARL W. PHELAN.
Uhaca, X. Y.. Jnn. 12. 1919.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: \\ hy not rename the Congressional
Library, at Washinrrlbn, D. ('.. the "Roose?
velt Library.'' since that is tbe grentcst
American library? Then, again, upon what
body of men should the memory of the life
and character of Theodore Roosevelt have
greater influence thnn upon the govcrning
bodies of these United Statcs ?
R. C. WORMLF.Y.
Plainficld, X. J., Jan. 12, 1919.
To the Editor ef The Tribune.
Sir: I am a student in the Commercial
High School. of Brookljfb, and my plan is to
have deslgnated in each high school library,
and. if possible, in every pubiic library in
Ihe city, a section known ns tho "Roosevelt
Division." wherein will bo placed all ot Mr.
Roosevelt's works, his travels and his biog
raphy in short. everything that pertains to
him, written either by hims-jlf or others.
GEORGE VOGEL (aged 15).
Brooklyn, Jan. 12, 1919.
Rescuing Porto Rico
To the FJditor of Thc Tribune.
SIR: Tlie great problem the solution of
which is an imperativc need for the wel?
fare of tbe vast majority of Porto Ricans
is economic; we must have a thorough
going reform in our economic aiul indus?
trial life if we are to avoid a future of
terrible misery. And we have no Porto
Rican who can be trusted to utidertake
such a task nnd honestly and efficiently
carry it through. The only appointed of
licial wo could trust would be one who
comes from the I'nited States, with his
heart and mind doniinnted by the purpose
of working for Porto Rico in the spirit of
the people of the I'nited State;*.
Independence as a movement is wholly '
farcical. What it rcally means to the !
men behind it is that all the remaining
Americans in tho government should be \
turned out and irood coreligionarios put in.
It has no serious meaniug for tiie working i
classes, but conditions are so bad to-day
that there i.s fcrtile ground for even inde?
pendence when they talk of their golden
ago. As a matter of fact, political changes
in the government of the irlnnd, whether it ;
be territory. state or nn independent re- :
puhlit, ave of secondtuy importance, The
intensely important fact is this: there must. ;
ho ;i great. a radical change in the island's j
That is why I want the investigating com
mission to come. Let fair, honest represent
atives named by the Xational War Labor '
Board iook at conditions here nnd clearly '
and fairly tell the facts of our industrial i
i nd economic life. Let them say what must j
be done ii' we are to be rescued from misery, :
poverty and ignoranco end given a chance ?
?? :? a solf-respecting, prosperous, happy
Action is very badly needed in Porto Rico. I
sincj tho actual Commissioner of Health
of the island just tho other day has stated |
thal tho men. women and children sufferlrig j
from tho "infhienin" conimoiilv die from :
7. vi ? on . ther than from the results of
'bu disoftoe itsc-lf. And 'here wero several
i' .'?? ?! *?> : :ons who died in the in?
terior of the Island withoul propor medical
! on ?." :.',? dii Incs *>?? nourishment!
Pl istdotit Free Federation of Labor, of >
Porto Rico. i
San Juan, P. R., j-y-u 8, 1919. |
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?From 77?c /,os Aiir/eJrs Times
The Business Future of Flying
Evan J. David in Fhe Saturday Evening Post
t">VEN though tbe aeroplanc does travcl
* tho shortesl route in thc shortesl
time between any two given point',
before a sufficient number ol' passengers
can br> ituiucd t > travcl via the aerial line
to inpko it financially prof'itable to the trans?
portation company the pubiic must be ss
sured that it is rcnsonably safe; that they
can fly in comfort; and that the price is
reasonablc. So let us first see what has
been done and what is being done to satisfy
thosp three requisitcs.
The dnngers of acroplane flight have been
rr.-os :ly cxaggcrated by newspapers. which
record only thc unusual. Moreover. flying
in tbe war /.one was done under thc most
adverse nnd dangerous circumstances. Also
tho machines were built I'or manceuvring
ability and speed, and nol for stability and
safety factors. Furthcrmore, all the scouts
nnd most of tbe reconnoissancc and battle
planes were driven by only one motor. so
that if engine trouble developed they had to
volplcne to the ground at the mercy of the
nnti-aircraft guns and the aerial lighters.
Fijially, they often had io land in shell
scarred terrain. Naturally thc casualties
were high. Indeed. tbe war in the air.was
meant to be as pcrilous and dangerous as it.
There were three discomforts of air travcl
the cold, the noise of the motor and -the
lack of room in moving about. Elcctrically
heated clothes eliminate thc cold; aeousti
cons, which sl-uit out the noise of the motor
but which permit the passengers or aviators
to converse together, have already been
iilstalled and are in universal use, on aero
pla-.ies. With the increase in the si/.e of
the acropla'nes ar.d the number of motors,
the nacellcs and the inclosed roomy cabins
can be constructed as they were on the
famous Sykorsky acrobus, which was built
in Russia before tho war. This aeroplane
carried twenty-one people to an altitude of
seven thousand feet. On this trip they had
ample room to move about and to observe
the sky and the landscape. On Thanksgiv
ing Dav last a half do:'.eti guests of an Amer?
ican aircraft factory had their turkey dinncr
gcrved in a huge aeroplane above the clouds.
lt is true thal owing to the cost of the
acroplanes and thc aero motors, their up
kcep end the number of skilled men re?
quired to fly and maintain them, all aerial
travcl is expensive. The two-seater train?
ing machines equipped with one motor cost
five to seven thousand dollars, and the huge
bimotorcd bombing machines averaged forty
to sixty thousand dollars. This price was
due lo the necessity for hurricd construc?
tion. For everything that went into the
building *f tiie aero motor and the ma?
chine itself and also for the labor the very
highest price had to be paid. Tools, ma?
chinery, factories, fields. hangars and a
thousand other things had to be purchased,
and a great body of skilled workmen lu'd to
be trained before aircraft could be turned
out in quantity,
Xow nil thia skill and biliion;; of money
have been invested in thc industry so that
the plants in this country are ready to man?
ufacture nearly two hundred a day. With
thia nucieus to start a peace construction
programme the price of even the biggest
machines must soon shrink to that of a
high-ptficed automobile or private yncht.
Plenty ot sporting machines with a . mail
wing tspread nnd a two-cyl'mder motor that
will sell for live hundred dollars aic now
boitig liiad'; and sinoo these machines can
averago twenty-two mi on n "a'b n oi'
gsaolemc tiie exper.se of maintaining one of
those will not bo out of the irmanu of hun?
dreds of Uai vouaat fliera who are now re
I turning from flying on (he Wcst Kront. More?
over, since there will bc no maiiitenancc of
roads. rails, live wircs, nnd so on, such ns
there is in the railroad and. electric road
industries. tiie cost of maiiitenancc will be
infinitely smaller, -0 that aerial travel may
become chcaper than any other known to
Perhaps the best indication of what wc
may expect of the aeroplane as a commercial
carrier is embodied in the present plans of
the manufacturers of aircraft. Using the
past history of thc heavler-than-air ma?
chines' performanee nnd their own cxperi
ence and the experience of tons of thou?
sands of fliers under all imaginable circum
stances and conditions as a basis. they are
bu;lding various types of aircraft. More
than a score of American and British firms
, have already built and are putting upon the
market large numbers of sports models.
These machines are single and double seat
i ers after the type cf thc famous Baby Nieu
| ports, Spada and British Sopwith Pups. They
I have a wing spread of anywhere from I
| seventeen to thirty feet. The fuselage meas?
ures between ten and twenty feet, Some
: arc equipped with one small motor generat
ing from twenty horse-power up to forty
horse-povyer. Most of these motors are up
right, like the. ones used on motorcycles.
The whole machine will not weigh more
] than tive hundred pounds, and these models
! are able to fly at eighty to one hundred
miles an hour and make an average of
twenty miles or more on a galion of gas.
j The price of these will depend on the de?
mand, but most manufacturers believe they
will sell for five hundred to a thousand dol?
lars. These machines are so small that
they can be landed on any road or field.
Besides, thc small amount of space they
occupy will make it possible to house them
inexpensively and they can be used for any
kind of 'cross-country flying.
Tho second type of the sports model has
a wing spread of twenty-six to thirty-eight
feet. These wings can be folded back so
that the aeroplane can be housed in a
hangar ten by thirty feet, with ample room
for thc owner to work indoors on thc ma?
chine. Tbe fuselage i.s proportionatelv
larger than that on the smaller machine.
This aeroplane is equipped with a four
cylinder upright motor or an air-tpoled ro
tary motor of the Gnome style with nine
or elcven cylinders, generutir.g Up to ninety
horse-power. Some also have two small
twenty horse-power cngir.es geared to the
one propeller so they can be throttled down,
or in case one stalls the other can take the
fliers to their aerodrome without being
forced to land. Some models have two mo?
tors on the smaller machines. Theac air?
craft will sell for about the price of a
Naturally no manufacturing industry can
exist without a potential market. Aircraft
manufacturers are sure the majority of'the
twenty thousand fliers and hundred thou
sand aero mechanics who have learned their
trade in the great War will want to flv either
machines of their own or of Bomebody ohe '
. r of some trans-aerial company. The aero
nautical enginecrs have, therefore. daaigned |
the sports type for thc young foliovv, who
wish to i-ace in thc air, travel from, country
town to country town. "ror.i lalto ro river,
or tj commutc from countiy to citv. SinP.>'
Lhcso machines fly fast r thnn tha fasteil
bird or the fieetett anlmaj they will affoi |
iojt 'i : gunners. Jndoe-l, the ma- !
a i7- Itavo already b?en i.-e.l wiiii suah
di :.. ti 6us- effects r.pon Ihe bird that man
I huntara say it i.s not good aportaman-ihin to
flunt from them.
To W. Hohenzollern, on Continubtg
The Conning Tower "
; Well, William, since I wrote you long
As 1 recall. one cool October mcrning?
I have The Tribune liles. They e'early
I gave you warning
Since when I penned that consoquential
The world has seen a vast amount of
, And under many a Gallic bridge has
A lot of water.
1 said that when your people cca ed to
That when you'd put an end to all
this war stuff.
And all the world was reas< nably safe
I'd write some more stuff;
That when you missed the quip and
And learned you couldn't bear a
Tower less season,
I quote: "0, I shall not be petty. . . ,
Listen to reason."
Labuntur anni, not to say Ehc i
Fugaces! William, by my shoutders
I, have the final iaugh, for it was you
Who did the listen ing.
.Speaking as one who used t" bc of
those who were known a-- swivel chair
ofiicers. we hereby gd on record thal be?
tween October ., 1017, and last nighl we
sat in never a 3wivi I chair.
In honor of thc far-famed Fourteen
Points. it bad been our intention to run
this Minarct of Militarism in 1 I pt
Wilson. but. Mikc, the demon mukc-up,
says that'd never <h>. So, instead, the
column is 1 1 ems wide.
"I was with Grant," the soldi
"And 1 don't mind tellii 7 '
That I had lunch with Grantlan I l\ :e
One day at G. II. Q."
Aged readers will recall Old 1)"?
Merz. of thc un-Midan touch. They will
remember that Mr. Mcrz journoyed tn
the Mexican border and arrived there
just as the war erumblcd; that ho then
became managing editor of "Harper'"
Weekly." which melted away under lns
scorching jurlsdiction; and that, in June,
I'.Mi>, he secretaried for the Progri
party. "I wonder," Lieutenant < . Mcrz
writes from Paris. "if, when ,-. ? 1 nw by
the papers that Gennany I ad ig icd an
armistice. you said to yourself: Well.
Docco's gone and pulled another one.'
Speaking as an authority 011 7; . I n
ishes, 1 may say that while thi |vu
ticular war lasted a littl than
the Mexican and 'Harpcr's '?
Progressive affairs, its actual
eame as speedily as any dcathbed r ni
I've ever sat. in on."
"Things are pretty elegunt for us
now," continues Lieuti nanl M<
"From our windows al i Place tlo la
Concorde. thc Peace Mi sicn llea
ters. wc have a go< tl vii w of ?
brick wall, some two feet away, and wo
have a little French stove that keepa
thc room s=o hot we havi to ' cep thc win?
dows open and darn near freeze to
On our desks we have a number cf v\ne
trays, suitable for mat-hc-, handki
chiefs, etc And there is a push-button
system which works very . imply. If
you press the 'Stenographer' button, an
orderly appears, and if you press the
'Orderly' button, nothing at all happens.
. . . Herb Swope arrived to-day. and
took general charge of a good deal.
I was planning to send yon _ome
snap-shots of myself; but they'vfe been
in a French camera store only nin
days, so they're not finished yet."
The t'osmic Vrgr in ( edar Itapid*
[Frem The Motion Pli lure M . 1
The Mortgaged Wife, with D
Phillips; Well liked by pati
picture. Drew well. Beginning to thi: k
folks like sex stuff. Isis Theatre,
There was a luncheon club that met
every Tuesday in Washington. At one
of the November luncheons the names
of two candidates, Major Raymond Pull?
man and Major Arthur Train- a
position nobody commented <m at the
time, by the way.were presented. Majcs
Pullman is chief of the Washington Po?
lice Department, and hc made a speech to
the writers present, telling them that if
they were looking for things to write
about after tho war, the theme 1
insufflcrent pay of Washington police?
men might offer possibilities. Eve*
since Major Pullman gave us thc idea
we have been nursing it and trying to
make rt talk, but long disuse has caused
our battery to run down and we c: nt
get much out of the whimsey. However,
we promised the Major that we'd -:
something about it Lhe first cham
got, so: According to .Major Raymond
Pullman. the Washington policeman is
"Parsnips," says a Food Garden ex
petrt, "are best. left in the ground." W?
Our Ally in all wars, the British
Replying to the frequenl querj
whajt returned warriora feel like. it mny
l.e stated that some feel like Enocfe
Arden and some liko 11;
Wc feel like Rip Van Winklc.
F. V, A.
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