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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 15, 1919, Image 3

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800 Killed in
Buenos Ayres
During Riots
5.000 Injured as Result of
Strike Trouble; Soeialist
Support Is Withdrawn
Convents Are Attacked
ISuns and Children Driven
Out; Prie^t Slain; Images
in Churches Are Smasked
WASHINGTON. Jan. 1-L Approxi?
mately 800 persons have been killed and
5,000 injured in thestrike disorders in
Buenos Ayres. according to advices re?
ceived to-day at the State Department..
Of the wounded 500 received treat
ment in hospitals.
In making this announcement As?
sistant Secretary of State Phillips said
the Socialists, with whom the majority
of the labor organizations implicated
in the strike are associated, refused
lurther to be identified with the strike
orders.
The anarchistic nature of the up?
rising, Mr. Phillips said. was shown by
attacks on churches and convents.
Saored iniages were thrown into the j
streets and one priest was killed in a :
eonvent from which nuiia and children
were 'driven.
F. 31. Quintana, Argentine charge '
d'affftires, to-day received a cablegram !
from his government, dated yesterday,!
denyiiig a dictatorship had been ca- \
tabfishod in Argentina by General Del- I
leplane. |
"The report of General Dollepiane's
dictatorship is absolutely untrue," said
thi message. "Dellepiane's appoint
ment as general comnmndor of all the
forcoa in town only refers to thc riots.
Every public inatitution has been sn^c- '
rusrded and to-night the prospects aro j
better than they have been."
Argentine Deputies
i
Vote for Martial Laiv
To Curb Strike Riots
BUENOS AYRES, Jan. 14 tBy the ;
Associated Press).?The Chamber of j
Deputies to-day, by a vote of 62 to 5,
declared martial lew throughout the!
entire republic for thirty days. The I
bill is expected to pass thc Senate to
morrow and to receive the signature of !
the President.
The measure will become effective ]
immediately. Crowds outside the news- !
paper offices cheered the posting of the !
bulletin.
The Minister of the Interior appeared
before thc Chamber of Deputies by in- !
vitation this evening to explain the <
situation. He said thc di3turbences in j
Buenos Ayres were under control, as a !
result of active measures taken by Gen- !
eral Dellepaine, military dictator, but
tbat the trouble was spreading through- j
out the republic, especially in the I
provinces of Buenos Ayres, Santa Fe, |
Santisg. de Estero and Tucuman. Hc !
added that these provinces had ap
pealed to the government for assist
ance and that the reserves had been j
called to the colors.
MONTEVIDEO, Jun. 13.?The Uru
guayan government has discharged all i
fcreigr.ers /rom the army as a prevent- ;
n-e measure against the Maximaiist
movement; The police announco that'
the entire forty-two members of the
"Centre of Culture," which has been
been directing tbe Soviet movement,
have been arrested.
?
Rudder Trouble Delays
Dirigible, Now in Georgia
BRUNSWICK. Ga.. Jan. 14.?Tho |
C-l, the navy dirigible. which is on a ,
voyage from Far Rockaway, N. V.. to
*ey West, Fla.. arrived here late to-'
day aft-r having been delayed bv
rudder trouble. which forced it to ;
descend yesterday at Georgetown, S. C. ?
ine fhjht wiil br continued to-morrow.
Ebert Orders
Pubiic Armed
To Keep Order
Contlnurtf frgm imge 1
Spartaeus people court-martialed and
shot even government soldiers. Such
acts had to be mot with rcprisals."
Thc dispatch confirms reports that a
son of Dr. Karl Liebknecht has been
arrested and that Rosa Luxemburg,
Dr. Liebknecht's chief lieutenant, has
fled from Berlin.
Liebknecht Severely Wounded
Liebknecht was wounded severely in
the fighting, according to an Exchange
Telegraph dispatch from Amsterdam.
A dispatch from Copenhagen says
that Liebknecht is reported to have fled
from Berlin to Leipsic. Chief of Po?
lice Eichhorn, acording to the ''Vor?
warts," of Berlin, has lied to Denmark,1
using a passport obtained from the
Danish Lejration several days ago. A
large mass of documents bas been
seized at Eichhorn's residence.
The government in Berlin has issued
warrants for the arre.st of Liebknecht,
Rosa Luxemburg and Eichhorn. The
War Minister is quoted as saying that
loyal troops have begun a search for j
arms with a view to disarming thc >op- \
ulation of Berlin.
The Wolff Bureau, the German semi- '
official news agency, the activities of i
which were interrupted when the Spar?
tacans seized thc main office, has again
resumed business, according to a dis?
patch from Berlin by way of Copen- j
hagen.
Reds in Control of Bremen
BREMEN, Jan. 13 iBy The Associat-!
ed Press).?Spartacan forces tempo-1
rarily are in control of the government
of Bremen after an insurrection. The
Spartacans were defeated in a local
election by the Majority Socialists and
successfully carried out a coup to pre?
vent the Majority Socialists from tak?
ing office. All bourgeoisie newspapers
are under a Spartacan censorship and
a communistic republic has been pro?
claimed.
At Cuxhaven the L'ltra Radicals have
ovcrthrown the communistic republic
and threaten the immediate socializa- i
tion of all industries and bankj.
Red Revolt ls Put
Down in All Cities
Outside of Berlin
BERLIN, Jan. 14 i.By The Associated I
Press).?Order has been completely ?
restored in cities outside of Berlin, ;
where the Spartacides had established
themselves, according to reports re- j
ceived here to-day. Spandau, which j
has been placed under martial law, is !
quiet. Fifty-five Bolshevists have been I
arrested, one of their leaders killed
and several wounded. Al! have been \
disarmed.
Spartacide leaders at Hamburg have
been arrested by military police who
had difficulty in protecting them from
enraged citizens. The situation there,
however, is still tense. Spartacide
leaders at Dresden, when arrested, ad- j
mitted they had intended forcibly to .
prevent elections to the National As- ;
sembly.
A newspaper at Wilhelmshaven has |
been surrendered by the Spartacides.
The executive committee of the Sol- !
diers' and Workmen's Council at Alle
has resigned as a protest against the
Bolshevists and has ordered thc elec- j
tion of a new council.
Police Chief Richter, immediately
on assuming office in succession
to the deposed head of thc department,
Herr Eichhorn, I'or whose retention the
Spartacides had fought, issued a dc
cree declaring invalid all decrees of ?
the Eichhorn regime. He also an?
nounced to the policemen that they
would be given back their weapons,
which were taken away from them dur?
ing the first days of the revolution.
The policemen greeted Richter's decree
by taking off the red bands which they
had been wearing on their sleeves.
"In the interest of safety and order,"
said the new police chief. "it is neces?
sary that the escaped leaders of tiie
uprising, such as Eichhorn, Liebknecht
and the others, be arrested at the
earliest moment possible. We have in
custody Georg Ledebour, Herr Meyer
and Dr. Liebknecht's son, but not Rosa
3^ ST. - BRQAD^YwSS^TL
Military Clothing
Y2 Price Sale
Trench Coats, Raincoats, Overcoats,
Shirts, Suits, Puttees, etc.
Civilians, Take Notiee!
Better clothing for outdoor work doesn't exist Designed
b] ! rn le Sam to enable his boys to stand the meanest of
weather, these clothes are ideal for hiking, gunning, camping
and other outdoor activities.
Officers' 'french Coats.,.$55.00 Now $27.50
Separate ivool linings.
Officers' TrencH Coats.$50.00 Now $25.00
Separate wool ttnings.
Officers' Trench Coats.$50.00 Now $25.00
Moleskin and belt-d, v.ng'.e or double breasted.
Officer,' Winter Overcoats.\$60.00 Now $30.00
Officers' Winter Overcoats.$50.00 Now $25.00
Officers' O. D. Mackinawa-..._$28.50 Now $14.25
Officers' Raincoats.$40.00 Now $20.00
Officers' Raincoats.?_.. ; $35.00 Now $17.50
Officers' Raincoats.$22.50 Now $11.25
U. S. Navy Raincoats (Black).$30.00.Now $15.00
u>rduroj? Vests, sheepskin lined.$11.50 Now $5.75
Moleskin Vests, sheepskin lined.$11.50 Now 5.5J5
y. S. A. Spiral Puttees. $6.00 Now $3.00
Officers' Leather Puttees.$15.00 Now $7.50
gfficer*' Leather Puttees.$11.75 Now $5.88
Wooi Army Shirts. $7.00 Now $3.75
VVool Army Shirts. $8.00 Now $4.00
VV 00l Ar.uy Shirts. $9.00 Now $4.50
Cotton Khalci Shirts. $5.50 Now $2.75
Wton Khaki Sh'irt,'. ./...?. $3.50 Now $1.75
J2 Khak' Shirtj.$10.00 Now $5.00'
Ujcera Whipcord Suits.$70.00 Now $35.00
,\ZrT\ Ser*c Suit*.$65.00 .Vou, $32.50
, '"" " " ?">ts.$55.00 JVow/ $27.50
X?''?"', v':"- Suitt.$50.00 ,VW $25.00
?>'"?'> O. Jj. Wool Suit.$50,00 Now $25.00
#? C. O. ?>/* /Vo tfefurn*
GSMBELS?MEN'S CLOTHING SECTION?Fourth Floor
Luxemburg or Karl Radek" (one of
the Russian Bolr.hevik emissaries).
Gun fire in Berlin
Revolt Heard Over
Telephone in Coblenz
COBLENZ, Jan. 13 (By Thc Associ-i
ated Press). Shots tired Sunday night
in the street fighting in Berlin were
heard by telephone in Coblenz. Sun- !
day evening an American army officer
in Coblenz called up Be'riin. Soon
after the conversation began thc man
on the Berlin end said:
"Hear that?"
Several sharp cracks were heard over
the wirc, and the Berlin voice said:
\ "Thnt is a one-pounder. They are
j fighting now in the streets."
The conversation was resumed, and
the man on the Coblenz end every
now and then heard a series of cracks
which the Berlin man said were made
j by machine guns. All during the con?
versation the man in Berlin would
interrupt every few minutes to take
a look out of the window to get an
; idea of how the fighting was pro
| gressing.
; Majority Socialists
Win Half of Seats in
Bavarian Assembiy
MUNICII, Jan. 13 i By The Asso-,1
ciated Press). The election to-day for j
members of the Bavarian Constituent;
Assembiy was carried out in an orderly j
manner. All political parties took part. I
One of the features of the election was i
thc heavy representation of woman
voters. especialiy those beloncing to |
the religious orders, who marched to
the voting booths in groups. i
The returns at midnight indicated
that the Majority Socialists would have
oO per cent of the membership of the
Assembiy, the Clericals and Conserva
tives, 32 per cent; the German Demo-1
crats, 14 per cent, and the remaining 4'
per cent scattered among various fac- '?
tions. The Independent Socialists were '
beaten decisively. i
STUTTGART, Jan. 13 i Bv The Asso?
ciated Press).?In the elections to the j
\\ urtemberg Diet. thc Maporitv So- i
cialists won fifty-two seats to thirty- '?
eight for thc German Democratic
party, thirty-onc for the Clericals,:
twenty-five for the Conservative bloc ;
and four for the Independent Social-'
ists. Ihe Independent Socialists polled :
less than one-tenth as manv votes as'
the Majority Socialists.
Reign of Highivay
Robbery and Pillage
Is Sweeping Berlin
BERLIN, Jan. 12 (Delayed) (By The'
Associated Press).- Thc Ebert govern-:
ment to-night was confident of its I
physical ability to defend the elections ;
to the National Assembiy next Sunday !
against violence from Spartacan and !
Independent. Socialist sources.
The insurrection generally, ' it ap
peared to-night, had been effectually '
put down, chief ly because the new :
troops called in by the government |
had taken matters in hand and were
determined to give the followers of
Liebknecht no quarter. The next few !
days, it is declared, will witness the |
inauguration of further drastic mili- i
tary measures calculated to stamp out
thc Bolshevik contagion.
Dispatches from Berlin dated Mon- j
day and Tuesday have reported that :
the Spartacan leaders had disappeared
and that their forces had been over- j
awed by the government's troops.
Death for Armed Civilians
One of these measures covers the !
illegal possession of arms and ainmu
nition, and it is proposed to make this !
offence punishable with immediate
death. That the military men now
cobperating with the government pro?
pose to show the insurgents no mercy
and they amply demonstrated this poi- ,
icy during the recapture of the "Vor- ?
waerts" Building and Police Headquar- :
ters.
lt is declared by creditable eyewit- '?
ncsses that the new government troops '
in both actions Saturday beat down i
with bayonets and with clubs and j
otherwise killed scores of men who j
were Spartacan guards or civilians
caught with arms. Hundreds of per?
sons^ already have been arrested and :
are facing severe penalties.
The last ripples of the tidal wave I
which has swept over Berlin in the j
last seven days now are being felt in :
thc spread of robbery and' looting
which is being carried on by soldiers
and sailors who detached themselves ;
from Spartacan units.
The section of Berlin radiating from !
the Police Headquarters in the last .
forty-eight hours has been terrorized
by armed men who pilfered foodshops,
cigar stores and pubiic buildings. Three ,
sailors walked into a postal sub-station
yesterday and .carried off 120,000
marks. i
Gunmen and criminals from all oarts |
of Germany hurried to Berlin in the I
first days of the revolution, according
to reports, and enlisted in the Sparta?
can forces at the police station, which
served as a base for private undertak
ings when the men were not engaged
in obeying the orders of the Spartacan
leaders. During the vandalism all
criminal records, official documents
and rogues' galleries at Police Head?
quarters were destroyed. Berlin at
one time ranked as one of the beft
policed cities in the world; to-night
it is virtually defcncclcss against law
lessness.
Vienna Expels 'Reds*,Who |
Pose as Red Cross Band
GENEVA, Jan. 14. Vienna expellcd
a large band of Russian Bolshevists on
Sunday, following the example of the
French and Swiss authorities.
Twenty of those sent out of the cily
were spreading propaganda while being
engaged ostensibly as Red Cross work?
ers. A number of Austrian officers and
men from Galicia, who are said to ha\e
been imbued with Bolshevist idea*, j
have been arrested. I
(Jvdc Line Freighler Lo9t
Third Malc, From Bronx,1
and Six of Crew Missing
Cable advices received yesterday by |
the Clyde Line reported the sinking of
thc company's freifht steamship Yuna
ofl' Mouchoir Bank, in the Wcst Indies, '?
on January 10. J. Miller, third male,
whose home is in The Bronx; a clerk
und live laborers are missing. They
left the ship iu a lifeboat, which has j
not been seen since. Thc rest of the
crew are safe. !
The Yuna left San Domingo for New '
York oij January 0 with 1,647 tons of
sugar and was wrecked on January 10.
On the following day she alipped frorn
thc recf and sunk in deep water,
? ?
Luthcran Church to Sturt
Campuign for $500,000
Five hundred thousand dollars to bc
used exclusivcly for reconstruction
purposes, is the obiect of a campaign
being organized by the Nutional Luthcr?
an Council, to begin February 16 and
end February 26. '
A statement issued yesterday by the
Luthcran Bureau, 31 Union Square,
said the campaign marks the nsHump
iion by the Luthcran organization ln
thlfl country of world lcudership in
Lutheran church affuire.
A large part of the fund to be ruised
v.lll bo devoted to the rostoratfon of
churches dcvasUled in Europe, princi
pw.lly Knthoniit, Finlnnd and those sec
ttons thrcattned most by bolshevism.
Reign of "Spartacus Tenor"
Has Comic Opera Features
Delegation Gimbs Waterspout to Interview Bava?
rian Official; Wedding Halted Because Bride
groonrs Political Vie ws Opposed Spartacides'
By J. C. Segrue
Netv York Tribune
Special Cable Service
(Copyriglit, 1010, New Yorii Tribune Inc.)
MUNICH, Jan. 13.?The "Spartacus
terror" at present is dangerously near
being mere play acting. It can only
become real through the continued
timidity and weakness of the German
public.
There occurred in Munich to-day an
incident illustrating the ludicrous
character of thc manifestations. The
Havarian Prime Minister had refused
to receive a Spartacide deputation, and
the guard at the door was reinforced.
Hut, undaunted by machine guns. four
sailors climbed thc drain pipe and en?
tered the Prime Minister's private
room through a window. Thus waa
the deputation received.
Equally ludicrous are some of the
incidents of the Spartacide campaign
in the country districts.
Wedding Is Halted
At a neighboring village local Spar?
tacides raided a church and stopped a
marriage ceremony because they did
not like the political opinions oi" the
bridegroom. They arrested the bride
groom, handcuffed the nriest and
drove the excited bride away.
It was reported from Berlin to-day
that the government has thc situation
French Insist
Poland Is Lost
If Allies Delay
Continued from pnjjp 1
commission, is gravely complicated,
some Poles having petitioned the Al?
lies to intervene. while others have ad?
vised them not to do so.
Two definite groups claim to be the
acercdited representatives of the Po?
lish nation. These are the goverr.meni
at. Warsaw under General Pilsudski
and the Polish Xational Committee at
Paris, headed by Roman Dmowski.
Thc Xational Committee was organ?
ized nearly two years ago on the as- .
sumption that since the Poles in Po?
land under Austro-German, occupation
were unable to express their real sen
timents or assist the Allies. it was tho
duty of the Poles abroad to form an
orgunization which could represent
Polish national interests with the Al?
lied governments and raise an army to
tight on the Allied side.
The National Committee contains the
most eminent Polish leaders and has
received the support of most of tho
Poles outside of Poland, particularly
in Ameriea, where Paderewski was
their accredited representative. They
raised an army of about 50,000 men,
which did good service on the French
and Italian fronts.
Recognized by Allies
The committee thereby has won tho
Allies' gratitudc and was recognized by
them and by Ameriea as on organiza?
tion capable of representing the Polish
nation for military purposes.
Last November, after the expulsion
of the Polish troops from Russia, Po?
land and the Polish people, for the tirst
time in the course of the war, cstab
lished a government unhampered by
foreigners. The Polish Council of
Regency, cstablished by the Central
Powers, resigned, cntrusting the forma?
tion of a new government to General
Pilsudski, who had just returned from.
a year's sojourn in German prisons.
Pilsudski's frovernment. has been cstab?
lished by Russian and Austrip.n Poland
and has maintained itself despite thc
difficult situation for two months.
The National Committee in Paris re
fuses to recognize Pilsudski govern?
ment and refuses to dissolve, claiming
that it represents the Polish people.
The Constituent Assembly elections,
fixed for January 26, ought to show
which of thc rival parties really has
the confidencc of the nation.
Industry Nearly Paralyzed
Poland, nfter being a theatre of war
for a year, and being bled white by
the Austrians and Germans for three
years, is in a desperate economic posi?
tion. The great industrial centres are
nearly paralyzed. The food situation is
particularly acute. Hordes of cscaped
Russian prisoners are crossing from
Germany. German troops are strewing
homeward from Russia.
Crowds of Polish workingmen, for?
merly dragged off to Germany, are now
returning to find no work. These
crowds create trouble. Among the
Poles themselves there are no Bol
shevists except small groups, but the
abnormal conditions are making the
spread of Bolshevism possible if the
government is not adroit and if prompt
aid is not extended from without.
Hitherto the government seems to
have 'satisfled the working classes and
peasants, and steps have been taken
by Herbert Hoover to meet the food
situation, but Poland can hardly
escape without disordcrs during thc
present tcrriblc winter.
Menaced by Two Armies
Meanwhile the country is menaced
by two armies. Thc Ruthenian inva
sion of eastern Galicia is designed to
capture Lemberg and adjaccnt terri?
tory, while Russian Bolshevist troops
nre sweeping westward across Lithu
ania, rnenacing Poland. Poland alone
prevents them from joining hands
with the Spartacus forces in Germany.
It is possible that the submersion of;
Poland by tho Bolshoviki would mean
thi' spread of Bolshevism throughout
tho greater part of Central Kuropo.
Ooneral I'llnudnki's situation would
greatly be relieved if thc Polish Na?
tional Committee's army could be
i well in hand, although street combats
I still continue.
Reports of Spartacide terrorism in
| other cities are arriving, but it must
! be remombered that German newspa?
pers, from motives o;' party policy, of
ten grossly magnify the incidents oc
curring.
I witnessed a so-called battle in tha
streets of Stuttgart yesterday, but was
! not impressed by the spectacle. The
combatants lacked revolutionary fire
and spirit. Of course, there was a
| great deal of uoir;e and undirected ac
! tivity on the part of the government
troops, who, in armored motor cars,
with numerous machine guns patro'.lcd
I the town.
Champagne Ends Battie
Spartacides raided the town hall and
captured the portly burgomaster and
; sent. the aldermen home, but the occu
1 pying force became so interested in the
champagne and cigars found in the
burgomaster's parlor that they neglect
ed to guard thc building, with the re
i suit that the government troops re
captured the building and ejected the
revolutionists after a little firing.
The Spartacides, also seized the lo?
cal Socialist newspaper dff.ee, and
ejected the staff.
When I reached ?.'tunich late last
night thc railway station resembled -.?.
fortress. Government troops in the
j station square fired indiicriminately.
and three women were killed. In these
| affairs the undisciplined, unofficered
I government troops constitute, desnite
' their good intentions, a real public
? danger.
i transferred from France, but the
transfer is difficult because of lack of
i shipping.
General Pilsudsks's army is almost
destitutc of arms, munitions, clothing
, and shoes,, the Germans having sys
I tematically stripped the country of
such things. General Pilsudski is,
I therefore, demanding of the Allies
arms and munitions. but the Allied
governments have not yet recognized .
the Warsaw government, and are un
i willing to do so until it settles its'
; difficuities with the Polish National!
Committee. The Allies fear that mil- ]
! itary supplies might be used for un-;
,satisfactory purposes?for example,
launching an attack on eastern Ger?
many.
Eastern Provinces Chaotic
The eastern provinces of Prussia!
are inhabited by Poles and are becom-'
j ing chaotic. The Poles have organized i
a national council at Posen, which:
virtually is thc government of the re- ;
gion. Disorders connected with Pad- !
erewski's arrival in Posen led recently j
to an outbreak of serious fighting be
' tween the Poles and the Germans. Tlie |
result has been that almost the v.h. le
of Posen province has been occupied
by hastily improvised Polish forces. j
Whether the Poles will continue j
operations and attempt to seize other
German provinces claimed by them,;
especially thc great port of Danzig, is j
another pressing question and one j
seeming to summon the Allied govern?
ments to abandon their policy of watch
ful waiting regarding Poland.
To-day and in the several days past
Poland has been taking the largest
place in the French press, in view of
what is bclieved to be France's policy
to iend armed support to drive a wedge
between the German and Russian Boi
sheviki,
Several napcrs say the Allies must!
do so for the present and future salva- '
tion of Europe. One paper states that:
at a meeting between Marshal Foch j
and the German armistice delegation
this week the Allies will demtnd the
railway from Danzig to Thorn, uniting
the Baltic with the pre-war, Russo-!
Polish frontier.
J. P. Morgan Sues for
$346,866 Paid in Taxes
J. Picrpont Morgan yesterday started
an action in the Federal District Court
to recover $346,860 which he contends
he was unlawfully compelled to pay in
1015 as part of his income tax. The
suit is one of a series of test suits to
recover income taxes paid under pro?
test which will be argued by Charles
E. Hughes before Judge Julius M.
Mayer to-morrow.
Mr. Morgan says that in 1915 hc was
overtaxed .$279,019 on his personal ac- '.
count, and as executor of the estate of'
his father, from March 31, 1913, to De- '
cember 81, 1915, he was overtaxed $07,- j
8-17.
Harold I. Pratt, Herbert L. Pratt,1
Charles M. Pratt and Frederick Pratt.,
of 26 Broadway, and John T. Pract, of |
34 Exchange Place, filed papers in sim- i
ilar actions to recover $2,022 each, ex- j
cept Charles M. Pratt, who sues to re- j
cover $5,057.
-*
Postal .Savings Deposits
Here Now Total $36,138,861 j
Postmaster Patten reported yesterday j
that postal savings in thc various de-j
positaries in Manhattan and The Dron.v i
totalled $36,138,861 nt the close of I
business December 31. This shows an i
increase of .$6,25:5,209 during the year, i
despite eiills for investment in Lib- I
erty bonds and contributions for var- I
iotis war activities.
There are now more than 100,000'
postal savings bank depositors in Man- i
hattan nnd The Bronx. Their with
drawals duririg thc year just ended
amounted to .994.648. '
Utilities Measures
Facing Defeat in
Assemblv Fight
. C7
Senator Thonipsoirs Bill to
Meet Combined Opposi?
tion From Supporters of
at Least 2 Other Proposals
Staff Correspondenee
ALBANY, Jan. 14.?Senator George
! F. Thompson, cf Nlagara, to-day in
; troduccd legislation empowering mu
i.icipaiities to acquire, own, and oper
: ate their own pubiic utilities. Thc bill
is similar to his measure of 191^7
"I introduced it," said Senator
Thompson, "because there is a cry in
j certain quarters for municipal owner?
ship legislation. This bi'.l gives that,
? and at the same time protocts munici
I palities from having unloaded o;i them
the stock of quasi-bankrv.pt eorpora
I tions at nn excessive figure or being*
mulcted in an other fashion."
James A. Foley, minority leader of
the upper house, said the Democrats
would not introduce any municipal
ownership bill until after the state
conference of Mayors introduced its
bill.
Ai! here agree that there will be a
hot, three-cornered fight among thc ad
vocates ot' the Thompson bill, the sup?
porters of the Democratic measure. aml
those behind the Mayor's measure.
Little Chance of Passage
The Tribune correspondent. after in
terviewing most of the legislative
leaders. is in a position to say that
there is little chance of any municipal
ownership legislation being passed at
this session. One well-informed leader
said:
"Some municipal ownership legisla?
tion may be passed by one house, but
it will be beaten in the other."
It is the opinion of the leaders here
that before any legislation of this sort
is passed a committee should be ap?
pointed to investigate the subject and
report back to the Legislature of 1020.
The Thompson bill provides that the :
value of a pubiic utiiity which a mu?
nicipality may take over shall be de?
termined by the Appellate Division of
the Supreme Court.
Another protective clause provides
that the action of a municipality with
respect to the taking over of any utii?
ity may be negatived by a vote of the
people.
Before any municipality may engage
in its own operation of a pubiic utiiity,
the Thompson bill sets forth that a
certificate of pubiic convenience and
necessity shall be obtained from the
Pubiic Serviee Commission.
City Could Operate Plants
The measure would permit a munici?
pality, by itself or jointly with other
municipalities, to build, equip, own,
purchase, lease or acquire street. sur?
facc roads. cars, motors, omnibuses and
omnibus lines, gas and electric works,
ferries, steamboats, steamboat lines or
canal boats and canal boat lines.
Two hydro-electric power bills were
introduced in the Legislature to-day.
The one by Senator Thompson provides
for the creation of a commission to
formulate a definite and fixed policy
for the development and distribution
of the state's water power.
The other bill, which would enable
the jtate to go into the hydro-electric
power business, was drafted by a com?
mittee of the state conference of may?
ors and was introduced by Senator
Ross Graves, of Buffalo, and Assembly
man Joseph A. McGinness, of Chau
tauqua, both Republicans. It provides
for a non-salaried state hydro-electric
commission of three members appoint?
ed bv the Governor from state officials.
The commission is to act as an agency
of the stute in acquiring and deve'.op
ing the state's water power and is to
sell or lease it to municipalities, indi?
viduals or corporations, giving prefer
ence to municipalities.
Senator John J. Boylan, of New York,
introduced a bill abolishing the death
penalty in case of minors and making
the piinishment imprisonment for life.
Mrs. Mary M. Lilly introduced a simi?
lar bill last night. The measure grow;;
out of the case of the Brooklyn choir
boy, Paul Chapman, whose death
penalty ,was recently commuted by
Governor Whitman to life imprison?
ment.
Stamp Sale Starts Friday
Tho 213th anniversary of thc birth
of Benjamin Franklin, will be cele
brat.ed Friday. On the same day will
begin the sale of the new issue of
52,1100,000,000 in war savings stamps,
which bear an cngraved portrait of
the father of thrift.
General illumination of City Hall,
with electrical displays from the roofs
of the tallest buildings, and inter
mingling shafts of light from search
lights of warships in the harbor, will
mark the beginning of the stamp cam?
paign.
Huge forces of agents have been
organized to stimulate the distribution
of the stamps in every borough.
Mrs. F. H. Cothren Home
After five months of arduous work
in the American hospitals of France,
under the banner of the Red Cross
Mrs. Frank II. Cothren, an active suff?
rage worker of Brooklyn, has returned
to this country.
The signing of the armistice brought
Mrs. Cothren's duties to a standstill in
Toul, and she was sent through the
Argonne, along the Verdun front, to St.
Mihicl and the border of Germany.
Finally she went into the Kaiserland
itself, and to Metz. Her mission was
to find and aid returning prisoner*,
furnishing necessary supplies to the
ragged and reckless crcw in whom even
n German prison coukin't kill the in
domitable spirit. Finally Mrs. Cothren
was ordered back, and is now in Man?
hattan at the Hotel Brevoort. j
Grande MmsondeBlanc
Announce Their
January Sale
IMPORTED LINGERIE
at
Marked Reductions
FIFTH AVENIjE-AT-45"ST
2 Transports Sail for
U. S. With 5,200 Soldiers
Manchuria Bound for New
York With 4,000; Canada
Carrying 1,200 to Boston
WASHINGTON. Jan. 14.?The trans?
port Manchuria has sailed from France
for New York with more than 4.000
troops and the transport Canada for
Boston with about 1,200.
Aboard thc Manchuria. due January
20, are headquarters j-Tth division and
headquarters troop and detachment,
312tli sanitary train. headquarters,
medical and ordnance detachments en
route for Camp Dix. N. J.: 156th ambu?
lance company of thc S9th division, for
Camp Pike; Company B, 114th ommu
i nition train, :\ju\ division, for Camp
Taylor, Ky.; 301st ireneli mortar bat
j tery from the 7.6th division, for Camp
Devens; 7th trench mortar battery, for
Camp Grant; 7th heavy mobile ord?
nance repair she.,. for Camp Merritt;
4G6th pontoon train. Washington Bar?
racks; 117th aero squadron, Columbus
Barracks, Ohii ; 164th ar.d 491st aero
squadron, For' Slocum, N. Y.j 2d casual
! ordnance battalion, to be distributed
among thirteen camps; casual com?
panies Nos. 403 regul'arsi, I26th Penn
ss'Ivania, 127th Iowa, r. th Massachu
setts, 77 casual officers and about 1.000
sick and wounded, and 150 navy casuals.
Ihe transport Canada, due January
20, is bringing the 23d balloon com?
pany. for Fort Slocum, 7. V.. Camp
Logan ar.d Camp Meadi : casual com?
panies 420 (New York,. 424 and 430
(Ohio), 42.") (Kansas), 431 nnd 433
fregulars), 432 (Maryland . 434 [Camp
Meade and Ciinni Lcwi.:., and 92 casual
officers.
The transport, Oion, scheduled to
reach New York Januarv 20, haa onlv
two casual officer!? on board.
The War Department also announced
that the 2*1 battalion and machine com?
pany, 867th infantrv (92d division).
about 1,000 strong, and the lst and 3d
battahons and machine gun companv.
do9th infantry, and the lst battalion
and supply company, 370th infantrv.'
both regiments of the 93d division, had
been assigned for early convoy.
Robbers Slav Taxi Driver
Body Found Near Suffern in
Auto; Poekets Rifled
SUFFERN N. Y., Jan. 14,-The body
of Jotin Hood, a taxi driver, of Suffern
was found near here to-day lying across'
the steering wheel of his automobile
He had been shot in the back of the
head with a shotgun, apparently fired
by some one who was riding in liis ma?
chine. His poekets had. been turned
inside out and $300 which his family ;
says he had with him is missing.
Half a dozen burglaries and "several
nold-ups ha.-e taken place in SufTern
and neighborin<r towns in the last few
weeks.
Sheriff Merritt, the Suffern police and
i>istrict Attorney Lexow are cooperat- '
ing with the state constabulary in in?
vestigating the murder of Flood.
-?#?-.?
Portuguese Revolt Ends
LONDON, Jan. 14.?A wireless dis- j
patch received from Lisbon, announces
15 Reasons
Why First Mortgages Guaranteed
hy this v ompany Are the Best
Investraeni for Prudent Peopie.
11.
It is a great thing to feel that
your principal is safe, and that,
even it re .1 estate deciines in
value, ycu will not have to fore
close and become the owner.
The question, o? course, is
wbfcftlter the guarantor can
msKf good. If there ever was
any doubt, this war experience
has removed it. The Company
hss rr>a_e good, as some 1800
riiorijlag.es. for whom the
Company during that period
l has ioreclosed and collected
| their morfsages and whom it
3 has protected, can testify.
Tljey have been about the
; onlj rcortgagees who have been
| unconcerned during this
pexiod and tne Company has
carriea thc burden easily.
.Vo invesior has ertr lost ?i dollar.
? QOND & JV^ORTGAGE
QuARANTEE Q>
Capital and Surplus, $10,000,000
1/6 Broariwoy, New Vork
175 Renwen Si., 1% MontagueSt., B'kiyR
350 Fulton St., jamaica
1
Fine Books and
Fine Bindiiigs
at
Reduced Prices
Through January at
DUTTON'S
681 Fifih Avenue, near 54th St.
the suppression of the Portuguese in
surrestion. The dispatch adds that the
naval arsenal and tlie torpedo boa,.
destroyer Giralda, have been re
captured by faitliful troops.
MADRID, Jan. 14. Serious disturb
ances have occurred recently in Portu?
gal, especially at Oporto, according to
travellers who have arrived here from
Portugal. Oporto was occupied by
"democrats" and guerilla hands. Many
were killed and wounded when troops
were sent to the town to restore order.
The situation is reported to be mo t
serious.
Saks & Company Announce
The Final Clearance Sale of
Women's Suits
Formerly $35 to $45
At $24
tj Those who take advantage of this low
price will have found the biggest value
ever offered in a really distinctive suit.
The styles are the most successful for
immediate wear, handsomely tailored in
Wool Velour, Suede Cloth, Broadcloth,
Oxfords, and Burella. Silk lined and
warmly interlined.
No Exchanges, None C. O. D. or on Approval
'C
BROADWAY AT 34th STREET
CLOTHES OF CUSTOM QUALITY
TN our Evening Clothes, we
use only those raven-black
and feeiably fine fabrics that
the best Custom Tailors spon
sor~but, of course, at half the
prices that the best Custom
Tailors ask (and sometimes get).
Dress Suits: $40 up
Tuxedos: $35 up
Dress Vests: $3.50 to $12
BROADWAY AT 34TH STREET

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