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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 15, 1919, Image 4

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British Miners
Will Dt^mancl
Six-Hour Day
30 Per Cent Wage Increase
To Be Asked by Federa?
tion at Southport To-day
Train Service Curtailecl
New Working Sehednle Will
Prevent Trains Running
at Night, Workers Say
Xew '.'ork Tribune
Fp,c'ai Cable Service
By Chester M. Wright
(CopjTlgtat. 1010. Ne*? Tork Tribune Inc.)
LONDON, Jan. 14.?Pay increases
that m?y range from 30 to 50 per cent
and demands for a six-hour day are
expected to be made by the Miners'
Federation of Great Britain meeting
at Southport.
In justification of the demands for a
liberal wage increase, President Green
?well. of the Lancashiro and Cheshire
Miners' Federation, points out that gov?
ernment figuies show that while prices
increased during the war from 120 to
130 per cent tlie wage increases grant?
ed the miners were only Ti to S3 pei
cent, the maximum wage now being
twelve shillings, 5 pence, or about $3 a
day.
Delegates attending the Southport
conference will represent about 65,000
men, in the most strongly organized
l<abor body in the British Isies. The
demand for more pay and shorter hours
has been growing t'or some time. There
i? r,<> dissension in tne ranks of the
miners regarding heavy demands. The
only disputc among the pitmen con
cerns the amount of increase to be
asked. Some of the district federa
tions hold that a full 100 per cent in?
crease should be demanded.
As the executive ef the Federation,
however, beheves that 3u per cent is
?he proper figurc, there is reason to
Relieve that thc increase to be de
jnanded will not be far from that fig
ure. although there are certain to be
objections from the more ambitious
^?legates who are convinced tinit the
?lire is ripe for heavier di mands.
One of the forces that held the min?
ers frnni making earlicr demands has
been the war-time government iixed
gelling prices of co^.1, which would not
permit higher wages. The men believe
that, with the war over. thc time is ripe
for the reopening of the whole question
of wages and hours. i-. is probable that
the Executive Federation fixed H0 per
cent as the wisest figurc for the pro?
posed demand, so as not to create too
great a disturbancc in the minds of the
consuming public,
There are two reasons back of the
demands for a six-hour day. One is
the general dissatisfaction with the
workings of the statutory eight-hour
doy which more often means ten hours
"from bank to bank." The other rea?
son is that a shorter workday would
permit the absorption into the industry
of the men returning through demob?
ilization, while at th^ same time re
taining those who came into the trade
from acricultural and other pursuits
when the mines were combed for mcn
fov the army.
The shortage of coal in Great Britain
is such as to place the miners in a
strategic position to press their de?
mands in a manner not possible under
conditions more favorable to the gov?
ernment and the mine owners.
The shorter workday movemeht is
not confine.l to the miners. Since the
signing of the armistice the movement
MAZOLA
"\/f AZOLA.theoil from
AVJL corn, is as pure and
delicate as the foods
cooked in it or served
with it. Ask your grocer
for Mazola Cook Book
containing dozens of de
licious rccipes.
CORN PRODUCTS
REFlNINfi CO.
P.O.Boj. 161,N'ew York
has become"gencrai among the strongcr f
unions. i
Or. February 1 thc nailway men will
begin work under an eight-hour day
schedule, the application of which has
presented a featuie which would be un- ;
thinkable in thc United States. In
making the railway serviee conform to '
the new workday, middle of the night
trains are to be abwndoned. it is said,
the outlook being for two eight-hour
shifts, outside of which no trains will
run. Obviously ihe short runs of Eng?
land make the situation in tbis respect
entirely different from that ir. America.
The machinists and shipyard work?
ers have obtained a forty-scven-hour
week sinco the signing of the armis?
tice. and other kibor organizations are
making moves in the same direction.
Among these are the London tube
workers, who are also nsking for a
forty-scven hour week. The National
Association of Textile Unions is press
ing for a fotty-five hour week to re
plaoe the fifty-five and one-hnlf sched?
ule which the employers themselves
agree is too long. While the demand
of this pc-irticular labor association may
not be met, it is considered probable
that a work week of forty-eight hours
will be established.
Alien War Captives
Expected to Swarni
Into United States
Empioyment Serviee Head
Says 750,000 Austriansin
Italian Prison Camps Plan
to Come to Ameriea
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.--Thousands
of Italian and Austrian war prisoners
are planning to come to America as
soon as possible, John B. Dcnsmore,
director of the Federal Employment
Serviee, told the House Immigration
Committee to-day, at the beginning of
hearings cn bills to prohibit immigra?
tion.
A Red C^oss worker, who visited the
prison camps, informed him, Mr. Dens
niore said. than 750,000 Austrians were
in Italy, most of whom expected "to
drift to the I'nited States as fast as
they can," along with thousands of
Italian prisoners in Silesia.
Mr. Densmore said a canvass of sev?
eral leading cities showed that a big
percentage cf alien residents were
planning to return to their native
countries, and that in some cities this
ran as high as SO or 00 per ccnt.
Discussing industrial and employ?
ment conditions, he said that up to this
time the demand for labor was about
equal to the supply, and that the
change frcm a war to a peace basis
had resulted in little Itjbov disturbancc
und a minimum ol unemployment.
Demand for labor will increase as
industries resume peace-time activities,
iie said, while wages and prices may be
expected to continue high.
Mr. Densmore deeiined fo say
whether hnniigration should be pro
? ibited for two or four years, as pro
posed by bills before the committee.
Opposition to any prohibitory iiiimi
pration legislation was cxpressed by
Louis Marshall, of New York, in a let
ter to Representative Siegel, of New
York.
Unemployment of common labor now
exists in twelve states. as against seven
a week ago, said a messajre to-day from
th,- Xational Council of Defence tc its
state councils, which were urged to do
everything possible to find employment
for those needing it.
Kennedy Will Is Upheld
Haberdasdier's Bookkeeper to
Get $30,000; Nieee*,
?25,000 Each
After listening to testimony at the
trial of the contested will of Andrew F.
Kennedy, ha*berdasher, Surrogate Fow?
ler yesterday directed a jury in the
Surrogates' Court to render a verdict
sustaining the document, which, ac
cordingly, will be admitted to probatc.
The contestants were Mrs. Katherine
Noble, of Pittsburgh, and Mrs. Harriet
B, Steinman, of Philadelphia, nieces of
Mr. Kennedy. ey received ?25,000
each in the wili, >u* they alleged that
the aged haberdasher was not of sound
mind and was under undue influence
when he executcd the instrument.
Miss Atyia V. Crowley, of Corona,
Lonj,r Island, bookkeeper for the testa
tor and employed by him for twenty
five years, received $50,000 in his will.
U. S. Soldiers Desertetl
To Get in Fighting
John H. (Tifford, Y. M. C. A. war
: work secretary, and possesscr of thc
I C roix *le Guerre and Croix de Lorrainc,
) told members of the V> tman's Kcpub
' iican Club yesterday that American
?oldiors were so eager to fight chat
j they deserted one regiment for another
\ to get into battles.
Enginecrs, he said, thew aside their
I picks and shovels when thc Marinea
I went in at Chateau Thierry, pinned on
j Marine emblemn and "carried on" with
j the "D.'vil Dogs." It was several
! months afterward beforo recordp could
I place them with their right outfits.
Many of them Insisted that they had
been with the Marines cince the war
started.
^ Half-Yeatly Shirt Sale
Begins To-Day
ll potrr ShirU /__., Jonl blame th* laundry, blame tu.
2 50 ShirtS) $1>65
3-50 Shirts, $2.95
5-00 Shirts, $3.95
7-? shirts, $5.95
1 0 oo Shirts, $7.95
-Neckwear Clearance?
$2.00 ? 1.50 Neckwe*r.95
3.00 ? 2.50 Neckwear. 1 65
5.00 ? 3.50 Ne-kw_*r . 2.95
\^ 1Z 7Z Prroadvsscy TVf ween 3 2*^n. 33* SlJ
Russian 6Reds'
Peril to U. S.,
Says Redfield
Secretary of Commerce De?
clares There Can Be No
Peace if Anarchy Rnles
Aggravated by Famine
W. C. Huntington, Just Back
From Petrograd, Says Boi-!
shevik Menace Is Grave!
William C. Redfield, Secretary of
Commerce, spcak'ing last night before
the Council of Foreign Relations at the
Hotel Astor, warned that the time
might soon come when the United
States would have to take active steps
to stop the westward march of Bol?
shevism in Europe. He declared that,
in facing the great moral issue, Amer?
ica would not play the ostrich and hide
its head in the sand, but cxpressed the
hope that. by attacking Bolshevism at
the source?hunger- the use of vio-i
lence might be nverted.
The Secretary's attitude regarding the
rule of the Reds was amplified by Dr.
W. C. Huntington, just back after two
years in Russia as the American com?
mercial attache. The former trade eti
voy asserted that Bolshevism, which,
he said, is a vulture which feeds on
hunger of the stomach and anarchy of
the mind, must he Stamped out, 'and
insisted that, if it becomes necessary
to use force on a large scale, the
I'nited States must not hesitate. Rus?
sia. he said, is now a laboratory for
social experiment, ar.d vlvisection is
boing practiced with a vengeancc.
Redfield Here to Expl in
Mr. Redfield, accompanicd by a group ?
)f bureau chiefs and other officials of
he Department of Commerce, came to
he city to cxplain to American busi- i
icss what it was doing to promote com- j
nerce. The Secretary's presence was |
.egarded ns an attempt to clarify his
ittitude toward foreign trade develop
nent, which the members of the coun- j
.'il had questioned late in November,
>spccially Mr. Redfield's declaration
;hat aggressive trade plans must bo j
riodified until the European nations:
lave an opportunity to heal their war!
wounds. Bolshevism, the Secretary in-!
iicated, was one of the obstacles to j
;rade growth.
The country, he said, cannot be too i
jertain that it has nothing to do with '
:he spread of anarchy abroad. It is a'
:'.angerous attitude, he insisted, for the j
people to assume that they may stand i
to one side and let Bolshevism sweep
?n without raising a hand to retard it.
"We must remember," he said, "that :
ihe possible problems of force arc not j
wholly gone. Germany seems in chaos; I
Russia wc know is so. Who will say ?
to-day what is the future of "olfdic- i
vism'.'
Battle of Freedom
"In thinking about trade," the Secre?
tary declared, "It seems to be gener?
ally overlooked that the war is still
on, and that therefore certain limita- .
tions must still be enforced. One of |
the express terms of the armistice pro?
vides for the continuance of the block
ade on Germany, and another for con?
tinued censorship, We cannot discon?
tinue these without concurrent action
of other nations with whom we are as?
sociated. In a certain sense a league
of nations already exists and we can?
not break away from these two re
Btraints without concurrent action. I
"Dry" U.S. Seems
Assured by Six
States' Votes
Continued from page 1
thc drys that the Assembiy will pass;
the resolution, aro fighting any attempt
to caucus the Senate Republicans. At
least twenty-three of the twenty-nina
Republicans in the upper house are
drys, and if a caucus were held noth-',
ing short of a bolt of at least seven1
wouid prevent the Senate from adopt
ing the resolution. The wets, there- j
fore, arc concer.trating their fire on
the proposed caucus, and if they suc-1
ceed in preventing tne majority of thc
Republican Senators from signing the
petition, they believe that the fight i'or
ratitication is lost.
_ While William II. Anderson, Robert
G. Davey and other ofneers of the Anti
Saloon League predict the adoption of
the resolution by both branches of the
Legislature, the "wets"-are. of the opin?
ion there is not the slightest chance of
the resolution being acted upon favor
ably by the Senate.
It is an open secret that several of
the "dry" Senators are. for ratitication
with a mental reservation, being forced
into being for it through fear of the
Anti-Saloon League. And the same is
true of a number of "dry" Assembly
men.
These men naturally would refuse to
sign a call for a caucus. If they fail
to obtain a caucus the drys will move
thc adoption of the resofution in the
Assembiy, where they are confident of
success. This, they hope, would havo
a pcrsuasive effect on thc upper house.
Forecast of Action
Expected in Other
States on Amendment
Thc following dispatches to The
Tribune indicatc the probable action
that will bc taken bg Lcgisla.tu.res in
stute.s thal have -not yet ratified or
rejected thc Fedengtl prohibition
amendrnent:
CONCOKI', N. 11.. Jan. II. -While it
is generally predicted that the Federal
prohibition amendment will pass thc
legislature here when it comes up this
week, a new and formidable obstaclo
has sprung up in the shape of thc New
Hampshire Anti-Cider League, a sort
of a "dog in thc manger" scheme of
the liquor forces to the effect that if
the farmers want prohibition of "regu?
lar" liquors, the liquor folk will see
that their favorite cider i.s taken away
from them as well. There is a spe?
cial exomption for cidcr iu thc present
tUatc prohibition law.
MQNTPELIER, Vt., Jan. 14.~Thc
lederal prohibition amendment will be
adopted in Vermont. according to geii
1 r ra! prediction. For fifty years, up to
irm2, stato prohibition was in force. In
1902 a local option measure was passed
stid two Attempts since to repeal it.
laye failed. ln thc last state cam?
paign, Governor Clement, Republican,
defeated candidates pledged to the
amendment in thc primary und was vic
torious owr the Democratic nomlnee
who wir, pledged to it, in the election. '
HARTFORD. Conn., Jan. 11.-If the
rest of tho country is to be dry und if
the Legislaturcs of the noce?nary three
fourths of the states or more w?ut to
imposo their arid inclinationa upon
might say that at the present time we
ore acting to get this action."
In discussing the future of shipping, >
.Mr. Redfield said: "If we base our'
shipping rates on war cost; v. e shall
be excluding ourselves from foreign I
trade at tho source. L'ncle Sam must I
stand the gatT and take a loss on its .
ships, which w_re built far abov.^ the
normal cost as a war measure. Rates ',
should be fixed on a competitive basis '
with those of other countries. Ships ;
should be willine; to carry less than
full cargoes for the benefit of the com- j
merce of thc country, even though the j
particular job might not be protitabie j
from a shipoing standpoint. The ques
tion of what will be done with thc |
merchant marine has not yet been de- i
cided, but we do not need stimnlus, as
we are hard at work on the problem."
"As far nnd fast as we mav," said !
Secretary Redfield, "we must set our
commerce free from all restrictions
and look toward a yreat and gr.winjr
domestic and foreign trade.
"Business men, whether public or
prjvate, must, however consider actual '
facts in planning both the time and
the extent of their trade efforts.
"There aro those v.-ho seem to think
that tho commerce of the I'nited Statea
has two distinct parts which have lit?
tle in common. They speak of foreign
commerce and of domestic commerce as
teparate, iind even at times as almost
antagonistic. Foreign commerci and
domestic commerce are not two and
separate, but one and the same.
"No fo rei irn order can come to this
country without involving some. per?
haps many, transactions in domestic
trade. Wages paid for work on goods
sold abroad are expended in domestic
business. Materials manufactured for
foreign sales come from domestic pro?
ducers. Ono cannot in truth promotc
foreign commerce without thereby aid
ing domestic commerce
Nations Cannot Live Alone
"It was characteristic of American
energy that when the President an?
nounced thc close of active military
operations through tlie signing of the
armistice many in our land jumped to
the conclusion that the war was over
and that all that was necessary was to
take up the threads, go ahead and re
adjust quickly, get busy, <;et results.
A programme of readjustment was sug
prest< d, and we were to push ahead with
business as usual.
"Those nrdent spirits forgot, how?
ever, certain facts which made their
ardor impractical. In the sense of mil?
itary operations the war was over. In
the sense oi" war problems, war limita
tions, war difficulties, war responsibili?
ties, it was not over, is not over yet.
Are Doing Their Best
"Our brethren overseas are doine:
their best to care for themselves. We
canrot but ndmire the fine spirit of
self-help in which France takes up her
terrible problem. She plans?and we
respect her tho more for it, if thal
were possible?to do all she can for
herself and out of her own resources
to make good her losses su far as she
is able.
"So may we not wiscly think of our
cld friend the French Republic as a
friend who knows our heart is hers,
and the vork of our hands and thc
contents o.f our purses are at her dis
posal, tc be given and taken in broth
erly kindness, but in no sense to be
forced upon her, We should recall
that her army is not yet demobilized;
many an owner haa not yet, been able
to see his factory. It takes time to
begin in an orderly way to rebuild a
destroyed province. We must and will
help "?'? Frerch to help themselves.
Asked whether the report in Wash
'-?? li ? might withdraw from
thc Gabinct had any basis in fact, Mr.
Keulie.d repned decisively in the ncga
tive.
B. S. Cutler, chief of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Dr.
S. W. Stratton, director of the Bureau
of Standards, and a staff of commer?
cial attaches will meet business mcn
at an informal conference this morning
from 10 o'clock until 12 at the offices
of the Council of Foreign Relations, at
165 Broadway. They will explain in
detail the work of their bureaus in re
lation to actual business problems.
They otitiined the scope last night.
the whole country, Connecticut is not
likely to attempt bucking such oppo?
sition. This in short is the feeling
found among the members of the new
Legislature, which organized last week,
and will meet for the first business
session to-morrow. Knowing their act?
ual strength, the prohibitionist leader.;
are sure to attempt to rush action on
the ratification resolution, but it is
not. bclieved the necessary concurrent
action will bc taken for two or three
weeks.
TRENTON, N. J? Jan, 1 1. With the
opening of the New Jersey Legislature
to-day (here was considerable interest.
manifest in the probable action toward
ratification of the national prohibition
amendment. The consensus of opinion
is that it will not be ratified. Repub?
lican Senators, who nave a majority of
eight, have. not taken the question up
in conference, but it i; bclieved thc
resolution would be passed by the up?
per house if presented. President Run
yon is openly fo'r prohibition, and it is
known that more than a majority of
| the twenty-one Senators favor it.' In
I the lower house the resolution in all
j likclihood will be smothered.
LINCOLN, Neb., Jan. 14. -Nebraska
will ratify the prohibition amendment
to the national Constitution this week
j - probably to-morrow. This is the
forecast of prominent members of the
\ Legislature after the action taken to?
day by the Senate. The joint resoUi
! tion aecepting the amendment by this
! state passed the Senate by a vote of 31
| to l, with one member absent, who will
j ask that his vote he reeorded as favor
' ing the measure. The House placed the
I joint resolution on second reading, and
I it will come up for third reading and
i final passage to-morrow.
MADISON. Wis., Jan. 14. -Wisconsln
j probably will vote aye to-morrow to
I the proposed constitutional amend?
ment on national prohibition. There
J was a test of strenjrth to-day in the
l Lower House, thc stronghold of the
wets, and the drys were ahead, two to
i one.
I To-morrow thc Legislature will go
? into joint session and tho wets will
I make their tinal stand. To-night, to
bring pressure on the Legislature, a
i big mass meeting of the drys was
iStaged, with William J. Bryan and for?
mer Governor Whitman of New i'ork
; as the star attractions.
SANTA FE, N. M? Jan. 1 t. The
j fourth New Mexico Legislature will
? ratify the national prohibition amend
! ment, in the opinion of Republican
i leaders, who have a majority in both
i houses.
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. i 1. Pennsyl?
vania probably will not have oppor?
tunity to act upon the Sheppard amend?
ment until nfter a sufficient number of
states have ratified it. Thc dry forceg
s?y they will not press for considera?
tion of the amendment until about the
middle of February. Prohibition load
ers sav they have a majority of vote*
in both houses. They appear to have
a majority in the House.
. UIKYKNNK, Wvo.. JRn. 14, Tbo.
iirst bill before the Wyoming Legislat
ur.e, which convened to-dav. will be a
joint resolution ratifying the Federal
prohibition amendment, and indicationa
are that it will be ihe lirst measure
passed by tbe Legislature. Opposition
to the amendment is negligible,
SALT LAKE, fTaTTjan. 11.?The na?
tional prrhibition amendment was
passed to-day by tho Utah House and
reported to the Senate, where it v.ll
be passed within a w>..k. The Utah
Legislature is soildly Democratic and
tha administration wao clcctcu on a
prohibition plutfonn.
.'s
Out of Mooney
Aid Meeting
Labor Conference Votes to
Unseat All Uultra-Radieals
From Gathering at Chicago
Cockran Flays the Courts
Says California Case Is Bol?
shevik Propaganda and Is
Handicap to the President
Staff Correepondenee '
CHICAGO, Jan. 14.?Ultra radicals,
who hope to use the Mooney labor con- I
ference as the means of starting a na- j
tiou-wide Bolshevik movement and an
independent Western Federation of
Labor, received a setback this after- .
noon when E. 1). Nolan, secretary of
tho Mooney Defence Committee, who '
was presiding, rulcd that delegates I
from Socialist, I. W. W. and other!
radical bodies would not be seated.
This ruling was sustained by a viva
voce vote after a bitter debate, which
at times threatened to end in a free
for-all fight. The radicals failed to ob?
tain a rollcall or a division of the house. '
md in consequence are now charging
that they were "steam-rollered."
To-morrow, they say, they will renew
the fight when the rules committee re?
ports, and predict a different result.
The fight between thc ultra radicals
and those who purposa to iimit the ?
meeting to consideration of Mooney's i
case lasted all d:iy, with an hour's in- j
termission while W. Bourke Cockran,
of New York, talked. In this talk Mr. |
Cockran pleased both side3 by cril
of courts in general and those of Cali
fornia in particular, and won radical j
applausc when he declared he was not
afraid of Bolshevism.
Can Be Stayed ';>" Justice
"I do not quite know what Bolshev- ;
ism is," said he. "If it be what the
word literally slgnifics a movement
of the majority- l am not. afraid oi it.
1 have never known the masses to be
swayed by anything but a love of jus- ,
tice."
President Wilson's declaration that
Bolshevism in Europu can be stayed by ]
food, but not by force, Mr. Cockran I
said, did ,,ot quite oover thi case.
"Bolshevism," said he, "can only be
stayed by justice."
The Mooney case, hc said. was the
most powerful Bolshevik propaganda. |
Because of it, he said, the I'nited States
had ceased to bc venerated by op- j
pressed peoples abroad, who, throwing I
oiT the shackles of autocracy, did not
turn to a republic. as others had in the;
past, but to new experiments in gov
ernment. This, he asserted, was due to
alleged .ailurc of the courts to have
the same law for rich and poor.
The convention was late in opening
this morning, owing to Nolan and other
leaders having spent most of the night
trying to work out a plan by which all
extraneous matters may be kept out.
"We liave," said he on reaching the
hall, "determined that those who
would u?e the Mooney case as a !
clothes line on which to hang all the [
radical linen be shown that they must,
find some other clothes line."
John Fitzpatrick, president of the
Chicago Federation of Labor, drovc
this thought home in calling the dele- |
gates to order. Slated to be perman- i
eiit chairman. he deeiined to bc even
temporary chairman and conscnted ;
only to weleome the visitors.
Can Advance Labor Movement
"This meeting," said he, "can shovc j
the labor movement miles ahead. It
can shove the labor movement back I
many years. It can do Mooney a lot i
of good. It can work him tlie greatest j
injury."
Thc first storm broke when Fitzpat- i
rick introduced Nolan as chairman. A
delegate from Seattle led the fight, de- ,
claring "wc have not come lierc to bc
told what to do. Wc're here to do j
things." j
Fitzzpatrick resumed the gavel long I
enough to pound thc objectors down
and permit Nolan to explain the tenta?
tive programme of the meeting. This'
involves, he explained, the fixing of a ;
definite date on which. as a last resort,
a general strike may be had to force
Mooney's release. This, in effect, calis.
for a referendum vote of the American
federation of Labor membership and
the various international bodies before
a strike is ordered.
"It is," he said. "intended to conform
with the policies and practices of trade
unionism."
'-'he tirst clash with thc radicals came
on the appointment of a committee on
rules. John Turcois, of Seattle, de?
manded that this committee be elected.
Motions and amendments fiew thick and
fast, but Nolan's right to appoint was
upheld.
The second and big clash came imme
diately after lunch. when William D.
Spooner, of Alameda. Cai.. asked for
a ruling on the scating of delegates
from other than unions affiliated wiw
the American Federation of Labor.
Gallivan Assails
Baker for Army
Officers' Removal
Says Secretary "Passes the
Buek" to Pershing When
(?hie*tioned on Replace
meiits in National Guard
New York Tribune j
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.?Injustice |
to National Guard ofiicers in France at. j
the hands of General Pershing's staff
was charged in a speech in the House
to-day by Representative Gallivan, of
Massachusetts, who declared that Gen?
eral Clarence R. Edwards had been re
lieved of the command of the 26th N'ew
England Division and returned home
because hc refused to remove National
Guard officers under him.
"General Edwards was told to his
face by a whipper-snapper chief of
staff of the 26th Division named Dun
can U. Major, a lieutenant-colonel:
'If you don't prt these National
Guardsmen we will get you.'" Mr.
Gallivan told the House. "And they
got him."
The Massachusetts Representative
urged that a joint committee of Con?
gress, on which both parties should
have equal representation, investlgate
the removal of the officers of the 26th
Division just prior to the armistice.
Similar removals, lie charged, had been
mado by thc Pershing staff in organ?
izations from Texas, Pennsylvania ar.d
Missouri.
Mr. Gallivan further ststed that re
peatod inquirios at the War Depart?
ment for ir.foi mation about the 26th
Division had proved fruitless. Secre?
tary Baker ond his assistants at the
War Department "pass the buck" to
Pershing, Mr. Gallivan said, and let?
ters to Pershing meet with no response.
Refers to Criticism
"Delayed mail, mistaken reports of
casualties and various other lapses of
the War Department have been told
to every member of this House in thc
daily mail," said Mr. Gallivan. "When
a distinguished member of the other
branch said that the War Department
bad iailed to function because we were
at war, he was assailed in a certain
part of the public press from Maine to
California; but when he said that the
War Department had failed to func?
tion. l.e told the truth, and his direct
attack on that department awoke the
country and rhe department, so that it
procceded to function in part.
"What will the men of this Congress
say when they hear the story of an
entire division of American boys, the
first National Guard unit in this coun?
try to leave our shores and light in
^'cry fight since February, 1018 be
ginning at Chemin des Dames who
were at Soissons and Chateau Thierry
and St. Mihiel, Verdun and the Ar
gonnc forest ?
"Thirty-seven thousand men left
New England in September, 1917, and
in February, 1918, to go into the
trenches. and on November 11, 1918, a
shattered remnant came out o the
tr? nches. Five hundred and sixty boys
ot my own regiment, the 101st In
iantry, formerly the 9th Massachu?
setts, and of the 5th Massachusetts
sleep their last lonjr sleep Under the
blood-soaked fields of France: 2.300 of
those boys wounded. arm off, leg off,
eye out, gassed, and on the 6th of No?
vember the colonel of that regiment
who had stood with his boys from Sep
^mber. 1917, until November 1, 1918.
shoulder to shoulder with them i:i the
trench and in thc combat, is relieved
o* his regiment to mako way for a
dandy pet of the Leavemvorth cliquc.
Regular Ofiicers Blamed
"You have the same story of what
happened to the commanding officers of
i-egiments which went out in the Na?
tional Guard. because. forsooth, some
one m authority- and I have my own
idea who that man is?did not believe
that the men from your state, and from
my state who went out as colonels or
majors in authority, just as well
Clemons Custom Tailor
Remnant Sale, $24.50
ARK you, this means a
Merchant-Tailored Suit, drafted
to your particular personality
and private predilections, not a
mark-down, reaoy-made "Orphan
Annie," with no place to stay and
no place to go.
My body-gracing custom fit, thoroughbred
custom style, gifted custom technique and per?
sonal attention from Hand-Clasp to Hand
Tailonng, just as if you paid me the full price.
Every Remnant in My
Stock, Former Prices Up $ O A CA
to$35, Now Reduced to Zrr.JU
Rcmnants of former'$45 and $40 suitings to close out, $32.50
Rcmnants of former $60 and $50 suitings to close out, $.v,9.50
fO
;rvuian
,Army
And NavyTailor
Broadway at 39 & St
20 \Sfcxrs On Ihi* Cormtr
IN A at 20% to 50%
Below Prevailing Prices
TWO interesting facts are worth
special notice in our present sale
of China. First, prices are lower than
any you have found on this quality of
merchandise since pre-war days. Dis?
counts of at least 20% arc allowed on
all China and in some instances as great
as 50ro. Second, it would be impossible
for you to find elsewhere in the city
such extensive stocks of Copeland Spode,
Royal Worcester, Cauldon and Lenox
China. This sale includes everything
in our China department. Some of the
special values are:
Brrrkfast Set? T?? Set*
Bouillon Cup* & Saucer* Salad Plates
Soup Plates Serviee Plates
Plates are arranged on separate
tables according to price, ranging from
$15 to $200 a dozen.
312-314 Fifth Ave., New York
versed in modern warfare as a giadu- i
atc of West Point or of Leavenworth,
was the kind of fellow that thc regular
nrmy colonel wanted to rub elbows
with.
"They were all right for months, '
vhen the shella were shrieking, but,:
just as in the last quarter of a foot- j
ball game, when the whistle is about i
to blow and the boys ou the one-yard
line have reached over, they take out
these gallflnt ollicers from the Nation?
al Guard, and they hand thc commis?
sion and the salary that go with the
job to some fellow who never was en?
gaged with combat troops in all the
pt riod of the war.
"W hat is Congress going to do about
it? Is it goi::jr to allow the Secretary
of War to 'ptiss the buck' to Pershing?
Is it going to allow the Chief of Staff
to 'pass the buck' to Pershing? What
are we elected i'or?"
?-a
Murderers Flip Coin to
See Who Confesses Crime '
Melodrama in its most lurid days
could not surpass the story unfolded
by William V. Kirk, of 2091 Madison
Avenue, a taxicab driver on the wit?
ness stand in the Bronx Supreme
Court yesterday. Ha was testifying in
the trial of "Bull" Cassidy, prizefighter
and gunpster. accused as one of thc
murdorers -of Otto Fiala, the seventy
two-year-old ticket agenf at tha Inter
vale Avenue subway station, who was
shot and killed early in tiie. morning
of .Vovember 13.
According to Kirk, , Cassidy. one
other man and himself were impli- j
cated in the murder. They had gather?
ed. to divide the spoi!? of their crime,
$62 and some odd pennies. The ques
ticn of their arrest arose and Cassidy,
so Kirk testitied, proposed that they i
toss a coin to see which one of the
three should confess the crime and cro
to the electric chair in order to insure :
the safety of the other two.
Kirk said hc felt just as uuUty as i
the others, though it is admitted his
DEALERS
who sell imitations of
the world's best relish,
get the reputation of sell?
ing cheap substitutes.
When your customers
call for "Worcester
shire" sauce they want
RRINS
SAUCE
THE ONLY ORIGINAl WORCESTERSHIRE
Stick to the Only Original.
Don*t Blame Your Dentist
If your FaUe Teeth will not ?t_y firm?
ly in your mouth?Gums will thririls
_ or swell ?
COREGA
an Antiseptic, Adheilv*
Pcwder, will hold tb?m
firmly Jn place.
Prevent* Sore Gunu
Dmtal Supply Draletl tad
DruggisM 35c, 70c, fiA?
Coresa Chem. C?. Clevcliri, 0.
part was done when he drove his ma?
chine to and away from the scene of
the crime. He was unwilling, however,
to take up Cassidy's proposition, and
instead became a witness for the state
when arrested.
Cassidy is the first man in five-mur?
der cases now pending in Bronx Coun?
ty to go to trial.
J
itteheon
_"$
Corsets and
Lingerie
large and attractive stock of Imported
ancl American-made undergarments for
Women and Misses, offered at Sale prices, is
creating much interest among the women of
New York.
Imported Lingerie
French Hand-embroidered Gowns,
$3.75, 4.75, 5.50 to 18.50.
French Hand-embroidered and Lace Trim,
$3.95, 4.25 to 95.00.
Philippine Gowns, hand-embroidered,
$2.50, 3.75, 3.95, 4.25 to 7.75.
Madcira Gowns, hand-embroidered,
$8.75, 10.50, 12.75.
French Combinations, Cover and Drawer, hand
embroidered .... $1.95, 2.95, 3.95 to 8.75.
French Drawers, hand embroidered,
$1.25, 1.75, 2.25, 2.75 to 8.75
French Corset Covers, $1.25, 1.75, 2.75 to 10.50
French Chemise, hand-embroidered.
$2.25, 2.50, 3.75 to 8.75
French Chemise, hand-embroidered and lace trim,
$2.50, 3.00, 4.50, 19.50
In this collection one will find new and attractive
Trousseau Sets. Some we have just received from
Paris.$16.50 to 75.00
Domestic Lingerie
Gowns,.$1,75, 2.25, 2.50t 2.95, 3.75
Envelope Chemises, . . $1.50, 1.95, 2.25, 2.95
Corset Covers, . . 50c. 65c. 75c. 85c, $1.25, 1.50
Corsets and Brassieres
An extensive assortment of models is available in
our sale stock of Corsets and Brassieres, comprising
distinctive styles and best fabrics of fine quality Silks,
Broches, Brocadcd Batistes and Coutils at greatly
reduced prices.
Gossard Lace-in-Front, Sizes 20-34,
$4.75, 5.75 to 16.50
Felicita Lace-in-Back, Sizes 22-34, $1.95 to 14.50
Brassieres, Sizes 34-46 .... $0.50 to 8.50
Sale ends January 31st
Fifth Avenue
34th and 33d Streets
Second Floor A>y .r__e?j_,fc

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