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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 16, 1919, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
IS GUARANTEED
Voi. LXXVm No. 2<;,:;5t)
the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
muc
WEATHER
Fair to-day: cloudy, with moderale
temperature to-morrow. Fresh
northwest and west winds.
Full Report on Page 7
Till KSDAY, JANUARY 16, 1919
- -^=3
^?-ft rpvTiiJ ,n Cr*"*" ??* ^o'k ?n?J J THREE CKNTS
?"" i"-'" l within eoznmuttnsj distamc I El?ewhere
Vote of One State Needed
To Make U. S. Bone Dry;
Likely To Be Gast To-day
Missouri, INebraska and
Minnesota in Race to
Be First to Cinch It
Five More States
Ratifv Measure
j
Amendment Provides End
of Liqiior Traffic Year
From Its A d o p t i o n
WASHINGTON*, Jaiz. 15.?Legisla
turcs of thirty-livc states?one less
than the required three-fourths?have
ratitied the prohibition Constitutional
enzendnient. Several state Assemblies
now in session are expected to take ac?
tion to-morrow, with a probable race
between N'ebraska, Missouri and Min
nesota as to which will be the thirty
sixth on the list.
Ratilication was conipieted to-day by
the legislatures of live states?Towa,
Colorado, Oregon, New Hampshire and
Utah making a total of eleven in two
days. Of the thirty-five states that
have taken action, only fourteen have
certified their action to the Federal
State Department. They are Virginia,
Kentueky, North Dakota, South Caro
iina. Maryland, South Dakota, Texas,
Montana, Delaware, Massachusetts,
Arizona, Georgia, Louisiaiza and Michi
gao. *
Effective After One Year
The nation will become dry a year,
from the day the thirty-sixth state
ratilies the prohibition amendment and
itot a year after Federal proclamation l
of the ratineation. E. C. Dinwiddie, of
the Anti-Saloon 'League of America,
said to-day.
'We coniidently cxpect nation-wide'
prohibition to become effective January
tS. 1920," Mr. Dinzviddie said. "We now
bi e reporta from thirty-i'zve states, and j
tl thirty-sixth state will be one of five]
e expect to hear from to-morrow. ?
?TKe legislatures or New Mexico,!
(Oining, Missouri, Vermont or Con
t cut am expected to ratify the
iidment to-morrow."
.. Dinzviddie explained that imine
af'ter the ratirication in the
. the Governor or the Secretary
S ate of the commonwealths will
: to the action of the Legisla
'ure to the Federal Secretary of State.
Action Not Essential
When thirty-six states have thus cer
to legislativc action on the
amendment, the Secretary of State
ake public an anouncement puo
tlaimint,- the constitution amended.
Thia action by the Secretary of
State, however, is not essential," Mr.
Dinwiddie said, "for the constitution
^ecificaily provides that an amend
wrnt when ralifted by three-fourths of
>he states automatically becomes a
part r.f t/ne constitution. The action
<f the Secretary of State, therefore,
il merely a matter of form."
Government officials here believe
?hat the country will become perma
nently dry July 1, 1919, the date on
wfcteh the prohibition rider of the ag
neultura? appropriation bill, recently
erianted by Consress, becomes effective.
fhis !aw, which preventa the manu
tacture and sale of intoxicant3 for
bevcrage purposes and continue;. ef?
fective until the completion of rnili
;ar>' demobilization, probably v. ill re
ros?>n in force until after the Shephcrd
Constitutional amendment goes into ef
?*et, ?ix months later.
Court Action Startrd
Court action to prevent the amend
?tcnt becoming operative already has
**en started in California, where an
?'d*r temporarily restrailrfng Gov?
ernor St-pheiiK from signinj; ratiiica
*l?n of tiie amendment has been ob
juticd. It has been intimated that!
?imilar action may be taken in other
?tate? in v/hich, it is aaid, .state laws
^quire that Federal Constitutional
am?n<Jment8 mu?t bc Bubmltted to a
>?ferendum.
Th* prohibition amendment resolu
pessed by Congress provides that
"tion shall be by "the legislat
?''? the several states, w:? provided
I Constitution." The resolution
f?How2:
"Besolved by the Senate and House
*l 'ieprexentative;.; of the \jnit?d
t& America in Congress as
*embk-d Uwo-third* of tmch house
''?'?' J.ring theifein), That the follow
>"? amendwent to the Constitution
' "?i hereby \? proposed to the
/*'?"* te hwuttm*: valid as a part of
?" ' setttMCfoii when ratified hy fche
'-g'slaturcis of th<- several state* as
?revidid by the Constitution:
"Article j.
"???'"n i. litft otic yosr from
tb* ^ification of this srtlsli the
? ? ??'xMfaeture. ?ale ?v trszi.portstloti
atexfeatfasj liepors within thi ln
""rt?tie?, thereof mU, u, !,,, ,.*?.,,
??*f fromths URltedgtal i
? subject to 0,. |u
New York Ratification
Within Week Predicted
\ LBANY, Jan. 15.?Senator
**? Geovgc F. Thompson, of Ni
agara, leader of the "drys" in the
Legislaturc, announced that he
had more than sufficient signa
tures to call a caucus of Repub?
licans in the upper house on the
question of ratification of the na?
tional prohibition amendment.
"Ratification by the State of
New York is now a certainty,"
said Senator Thompson. "At this
moment I have eighteen pledges,
three more than is necessary, of_
Senators for a caucus, and I feel
confident that the entire twenty
nine Republicans in the Senate
will Vote 'dry' when, the time
comes, and I believe that New
York State will have ratified the
prohibition amendment not later
than next Wednesday."
Hearst Agent
Duped Soldiers,
Say Officers
Misrepresented Memorials
as Petitions for Extra
Pay, Army Men A'ssert
United States army ofiicers yesterday I
reyealed the methods employed to ob
tain signatures to the memorial pre- !
sented to Mayor Hylan commending'
him for placing William Randolph
Hearst on the committee to welcome '
homecoming soldier.-. The memorial I
was presented to the Mayor Monday.
Hearst newspapers gave it much pub-j
licity Tuesday. [
At the former Grand Central Palace, '
now Debarkation Hospital No. 5, Lex- ;
ington Avenue and East Forty-sixth
Street, it waa said that a aolicitor in- :
duced soldiera to nffix their names to
the Henr.it memorial bv representing
to the wounded men that what thev
were signing was a petition asking
Longreas to give soldiers six months'
pay upon disehargo from the serviee
As a result Hearst" papers have been
barred from the hospital.
The solicitor had been operating in ,
the hospital but a short t'imc before l
army otticers discovered what he was I
about. They ejected him and sei^ed !
several signed memorial^hoets.
Wounded men, Ked Cross nurses, and
officers in the hospital were indignant
over the solicitor's tactics. Toward'
Continued on page nine
Backers Quick io Drop
Boom When He Admits
Receiving Gratuities
By Carter Field
Lodge, the
the situa
the House
New York Tribune
Washinuton Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. -James R.
Mann, of lllinois, will not be elected
Speaker of. the next House by the Re
publicans. It needed but a brief can
vass late to-day to make sure of this,
after the testimony of Francis J. Heney
before the Senate Agriculture Commit?
tee, to the effect that Mann had ac
cepted gifts of a horse and a sfeSk
from Swift ? Co.. had been whispered
around the House floor.
Men who were shouthig; for Mann
up to this morning, men who were
button-holing their colleagues with
soft suggestions that good committce
places waited only for those who were
"regular" and Sfustained thc se.niority
rule, to-nigb| were looking around for
the best available band ivagon;
Over on the Senate side a group of
Republican leaders held a conference
in the office of Senator
minority leader, io discusi
tion. Several members of
were called in and told Lhal in the
opinion ot' Republican Senatora it
would be politieal suicide for the party
to elect Mr. Mann Speaker, in the light
of to-day';; testimony and Mr. Mann's
war record. The Senator.-, have op
posed tho llliiiois Representative ever
since he led the majority of his col
leagues in the House wrong on thc JIc
Lemore resolution.
Fear Campuijrn Tssue
"1 think the House Republicans will
ba uen.enied il they elect Mann
Speaker after to-day's testirnony," \>
very prominent Republican Senator
who attended the' meeting saftl to me
afterward.
"Do you think presents so small rs
r.n old horse and a steak could buy the
minority leader of the House of Rep
resentatives ?" he v.-as asked.
"This is no laughing matter," he re
torted angrily. "We will be put in a
position, if he should ? be elected
.Speaker, where every Democratic
orator on the stump in iD'JO can ailude
to tho man wc elected .Speaker having
acceptcd pVesents, from the packers.
Think how effectively that could be
used. 'These Republicans don't care
how much you poor people have to pay
for meat,' the Democratic spellbinders
will say. 'The interests took out for
them. Don't the packers f^ive Jim
Continued on page nine
7e Wasn't the Cough That Carried Him Off, but the Cojfin They Carried
Him Off fra"
AND HERE "VVEVE s~t
BEEN aXDCTORlMGi I
Britain Said to Fear War's Renewah
Changes Her Demobilization Plans
I ONDON, Jan. 15.?The Central News declare.s that as a result of
the Allied discussions in Paris the whole aspect of demobilization
has undergone a sudden and vital change, this being shown in the
drastic conditions demanded of Germany for a renewal of the ar?
mistice.
'?On authority of an unimpeachable character," says the Central
News, "it can be stated that a situation exists in Europe under which
war may break out again at any moment. The Allied War Council has
arrived at a decision which means that the British people have mis
taken the appearance of peace for reality. This decision means that
the new British Ministry must revise the whole scheme of armv de?
mobilization.
"The decision is that Great Britain, in proportion to its military
strength, must maintain an arn^ of occupation on the Rhine for many
months. If the rapid increase in demobilization recently announced
were continued, there would in a few months be no army in France
to und.ertake the obligations which by common decision' of the Allies
liave been placed upon British shoulders."
Propaganda
Inciuiry Bares
giaiiJtlorrors
Member of Hoover Relief
Commiltee Tells of Brntal
Germau Acts He Saw
New Ynrl: Tribune
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. -A terse
i and bittc-r picture of conditions in Bel
| gium on the heels of the German
i armies wag given to the Overman prop
I aganda invistigating committee to-day
by Crant Squires, formerly of the
j Hoover relief committee. This is the.
| first public statement by a member of
! that committoe, and is a complete sub
: stantiation 7f the wor.it of the chargcs
; made against the Germans.
"J have seen cities destroyed," said
' Mr. Squires, "levelled to the ground.
"I have seen the civilian population
; driven out of their homes with the
I butt^; oz rifles.'
"1 have seen old men and women
, brained because they did r.ot bake
| bread i'ast enough to ;;izit their new
j rulers.
"I have seen evidences in Lcuvain c?
' ihe violation of women, young women
' particularly.
"I have seen places where babies
were crucifiec on the doors of the
houaes.
, "l have seen breadii.oes in many
to.wn,E.
Babiea vVHz.oui Fcod
"I have senn mother.-- btir.g to me
their babies to give them food, which j
I could zzot give them because it was
not, possible to enrry it around in qzian
tities to feed z\ th.ousa.na or two thou- ;
sand in a town.
"I have seen the insults of the Ger?
man soldicry, mostly drunkards, visit
ed on women whom tney met in tho
streets."
~M r. Squires spoke only after protest, j
at the demand of Senator Nelson, who
particularly wanted iri the record aj
reply to Edmund von Mach's statement j
that no atrocities had been proved. i
???? |
Continued on page ninc
Radicals Win
At Meeting to
Free Mooney
Gain Upper Hand at After?
noon Session; Ask Debs
to Talk and Bar Italians
. Staff Co.-rcajiciidencc .
CHICAGO, Jan. 15.?After defeatinjr
j the, ultra-radicals on three distinct
| propositions this morning, the Mooney
| labor confeience this afternoon, by
j praetically unanimous vote, refused to
j allow the Italian labor delegates to
; appear before the convention and in
i vitsd Eugene'V. Debi to bejts guest.
Just as ihe votes of the mornir.g,
j particularly the defeat of Jamea H.
I Maurer, of Pennsylvania, for ehair
! man, were hailed as indicating that the
\ conservative element was in full eon
| trol, the vote of this afternoon is
i interpreted as meaning that those who
I would use the meeting to laurch a
j nation-wide Bolshevik movement are
j on top.
E. D. Nolsn and hi3 associates, who
j called the conference, insist that they
ere still in control and that on roll
calJ they can show more than a eom
I fortable, majority for holding it cbar
i of anything akin to Bolsheviam or an
j archy. They hope, they say, to put
j through the Mooney programme and
| then forco an adjournmenu, leaving the
I rac'k.'ils to hold a cbnvftntion ot their
j own br g6 home.
They furtlvjp say the vote to invite
j Debs. who is under gonvictib'n of vic
; latirig thc espicna'ge law, w:\s a purely
i sentimental expression arrl that the
i veteran agitator will not te able to
appear.
Delegates wiio have. led in t!:e- fight
on the "reds" deelr.re Nolan and his
associates are trying to stand i:. with
tlie legitimate trade unionists. who
must supply tho bnlk of the money
for the Mooney mcvement. and at the
same time preserve their standir.g with
the radicals. Nolan's con^iections in
the, past have all been with the lat
ter element. of which Mooney was a
shiring light.
The convention this morning opened
with a request from Nolan that it con
fine its labo'rs to the Mooney case. It
should, he said, work on trade unior
lines, crediting the trade unions with
having linanced the Mooney movement
and the American Federation of Labor
with having rxtended every help.
The first clash came on the report
of thc rules committee, providing for
the appointment of a committee on
resolutions. Thc radicals sought a
chanee to elect this conimittee. but
could muster only 100 votes. Next
came a motion from John Daly, of
Butte, for a resolutions committee rep- j
resenting every state. Supporting this,
he charged "steam roller" methods
were being used.
Attacks American Federation
William F. Dunn, also of Butte, fol
'.OH'ed with a bitter attack on the
American Federation of Labor. The
conference, he said, was not the prop- !
erty of the Mooney Defence League
or of the American Federation of La?
bor. The Sociulists and the I. W. W.,
he said, had done all thia. "dirty raid !
dangerous work for Mooney," and the
convention would not do its duty un- '
less it took up other mutters than '.
Mooney.
John 11. Walker, president of the
lllinois Federation of Labor, warncd
the delcgatea that they must confine
themselves to the Mooney case. He de?
clared those who would bring up other
icsues Were not "on the sqiiare."
A motion to elect permanent officers
provoked another squall. After several
radicals had declined to stand for per?
manent chairman, Maurer, t'ne candi?
date agreed upon at a conference on
Tuesday night, was nanied to oppose
Nolan. Me muatered only !S0 votes
and Nolan':; choicc wao mada unani
nious.
Resolutions began to pour in on 'he
committee this afternoon. These in?
clude evorything from one calling for
the liberation of Mooney down to a
full and absolute tndorsement of Bol?
shevism in this country, tho establish?
ment of a four-hour work day and of
B national council of soldiers and
worknicn, the socialization of all in?
dustry, oommcree aml bunking and tho
Freoin'g ol all prisoners jailed for anti
war nctivities.
The radical delcgataa, 1. W. W.'a and
Sociajiatfl refused scats in the conven?
tion are holding a conference of their
own to-night to doviae waya and mca,nj
of controlliug Ihe main meeting to
morrov.'. This meeting is bohig hold
to try and gotji full agreement on a
programme, tho radical a who have
been Beatod in the convention having
had dlmculty in gatting together. I
ThiM-didicnlty, accdrdlng t;o Juines A.'
Duni'iin, ol Souttle, is due tu tho maliy
abadoe of opinion ^Bpung the radicals.
Secret Sessions of Peace
Conference Are Decreed
Over Americans9 Protest
Food Supply
Is Biggest Need
Of Europe Now
Wiekersham Sees Need of
Urgent Aetion to Halt
the Wave of Bolshevism >
By George W. Wiekersham \
Neto York Tribune
Spcc'.al Cabic Service
j (i"oi)yr:gi.:, .1013, New York Tribune Inc.)
! PARIS, Jan. 15.?The attention di-1
I
rectod to the meeting on Sunday of
President Wilson and the Prime Min- i
isters of the Allied Powers in a con-'
! fei-ence preliminary to the regular
opening of the peace conference has ;
obscured anot-hc-r gathering of almost
! equal importance, namely, that of the !
so-called Supreme Council of Supply j
' and Relief for Europe.
This body is composed of Herbert C. I
' Hoover and Norman Davis, represent
j ing the United States: Lord Reading:
and Sir John Beale, Great Britain; M. .
Clementel, France, and Sigr.or Crespi,
Italy. Its purposes are to investigate ;
and consider the requirements for re-'
lief in Europe and their relation to the !
general supply of the Allied and neu
*
j tral countries and to determine a pol-1
icy of European supply and the zneas- ]
utea which shall be taken for its ex-;
eciztion.
The personnel of this body is indica- \
I tive of the importance o." the problems
presented to the world to-day by the
I conditions of those countries which un?
til very recently were part of the the?
atre of war. How serious is that con?
dition can hardiy be guessed without
hearing f.rst-lzand reports to recponsi
ble persons, who nrp now returning to
Paris from investjgations on ttie
ground, as well as from a study of
statistics which have been gathered by
iccd authorities of the associated
powers.
Huge Sum Needed
To Start Relief
The Supreme Council of Supply and ,
Relief, after mature deliberation, has I
determined that no less than 5400.000,- ;
000 must be provide'd as a first credit ]
to deal with -this situation so far as;
it applies to the liberated regions only. \
The three European allies have offered ,
to take their share in this credit. The !
council has referred this financial ques- i
tion to the treasury departments of j
the respective governments reprcsented !
in the council for advice and assistance, :
but it is strongly convinced that the I
sum mentioned must be provided at the ;
earliest possible moment.
Mr. Hoover has been appointed di?
rector general of relief, to be ussistedj
by a permanent committee of the coun I
oil composed of one member from each 1
participating government. The coun-;
cil ha:s also decided that the rcvictual
ling i i the Allied nations should have
consideration and that the nevvly lib?
erated peoples next should be orgon-j
ized for systematic and scientilic feed- j
ing. Prccedents established in the re?
lief of Belgizirn will be followed.
It may not be gcnerally known that
ds soon as that government was reor- !
ganized at Havre Belgium assuzriedl
liability for the cost of all food that;
had been furnished to the BelgianB by!
the relief commission Irom the begin-1
ning of its work, and that the Belgian '
government purposes to repoy every i
dollar that tie relief commission has'
expended in Belgium.
Valuable Resources
Are To Be Securities
I
ln like manr.cr securities o.' conn-'
tries which it is purposed to essist
will be taken for udvuncer. made inj
furnishing them with foodstuffs. Soiv
of these securities may be expecteu'!
to be valuable at no very distant date.
Rumania, for instance, and Serbia ?.nd j
Albania have great national resources
whicli atTurd a :zas':; for a national]
credit. It is not intended to paAiper
ii.o the peoplts of Europe. but to t*tir-:
;:i:sh them with a good supply. which ?
they must have to avert starvation, on J
erodits b&zzcd primarily Upon confi?
dence in their future development and,;
eeooridarily, upon the value ol' their'
national resources.
Many of the liberated peoples are
within easy reach of food, if trans-i
portution facilities should be provided.,
which the council will arrange for.i
Secd and agriculturai implemcnts must I
be furnished on some proper bzz3is'
so as to oncourage resumptiou of in-'
dustry nnd to develop a capacity for!
selt'-support. Local governments will |
be u.'ed in thi' connection whorevorl
possible. Their infiuence, proporly di-:
lected, cannot fail to bo of the great
t st benelit in stiinulating the. peoplea
Continuetl on next paye
Allies Decree RetrilnUioni
For Ahuse of Prisoners j
T ONDON, Jan. 15.? Thc new i
**-* armistice terms to bc present- !
ed to Germany by Marshal Foch
are unofficially stated here to in- j
clude the follotving:
First?Retribution upon the
Germans for the murder and
ilMxeatment of Allied prison?
ers.
Second?The/ machinery and
goods stolen by Germany from
France and Belgium to be at
once given up. It is pointed
out that France alone has 500,
000 men who will be out of
work until this machinery is re?
turned.
Third ? German gold,
amounting to more than $500,- |
000,000, to be moved from Ber?
lin to a safe place, probably
Frankfort, and protected from
Bolshevism \ in Germany en
i*oute. Certain other property
to be surrendered.
Fourth?-Germany to give
over her shipping, of which she
is believed to have 4,000,000 I
tons, to carry food supplies to !
countries in Europe in need of
them.
Fifth?Any U-boats on the
stocks to be handed to the Al
\ lies for their disposal, or to be
dc-troyed, and no more sub
marines to be built.
?-.
U. S. Expeeted
To Withdraw
Russian Force
! Allies Discuss Plans to Lift
the Bloekade and $ertd
Food to Needy People
Neu) York Tribune
European Burta t
(CcDyrijht, 1010, .\>v Yor!; Tilbuno lue.)
LONDON, Jan. 15.?-Withdrawal of
the American force ir. Russia is only
a question of a short time, it is said
here. Whether it will preesde, follow
o:' rynchronize with t!:e iiftlng of the
bloekade is a question that ir. reccicing
aitention.
All news from Russia, and .Poland
espeoiaily, is of rn alarming nature,
Trotzky has a considerable army, fair
ly v.-ell disciplined, and is meeting but
little opposition. The FoIe3 are pre
pared to offer but little real rcjistance
should Trotzky decide to cross the
frontie.r.
In Esthonia conditions are more fa
voi-able for the anti-Bolshevist forces,
while in the Ukraihe Trotzky is meet?
ing fresh obstacles, but generally the
Bolshevists have gained much strength j
in recent months. Individual acts of j
anarchy are reported to be less numer
ous, though organized plundering con
tinues on a big scale.
Eliminating armed intervention, the j
Allies mu3t either ignore Russia com- !
pletely and permit the country to work '?
out its own salvation, or help reorgani- ]
zation through the lifting of the block
ade and sending supplies. The latter I
plan is steadily gaining adherents here.!
There are British interests that are
awaiting the moment when the bar will
be lii'ted and goods permitted to enter
the country; others who see the neces
sity of drawing upon the Russian sup?
ply of raw materials; others who con
sider it essential to reestablish Russia
financial'.y at tho earliest possible mo?
ment.
These argUmenta are made aside
irom thp powerful one of checking Bol?
shevism. If Bolshevism breeds famine
it is arirued that bloekade isolation is
cne of the surest methoas of increas
nijr the spreading plague. The mass of
the people have become revolutionary
in an eiTort to better their personal
conditions and not through a desire to
establish world-'.'?ide Bolshevism.
Their interest. in Bolshevik doctrines
will wane as their individual situation
improve's, and no arnount. of red flags
and anarchistic haranguing will inspire
the people once they have lost faith
in their leaders' methotis of gettin"
their individual wants satisfied. These
arg'umonts are advanced by those who
would aid Russia economically and
finaneially rather than by further at
tempta at military intervention.
Colonel House Better
PARIS, Jan. 16. Colonel E. M. House,
who haa been coniined to his bed with
a slight attuck of indij*estion, was re?
ported to be much better to-day. He
cxpecta to be out in a day or'two.
(jordon Auchincloss. son-in-law of
Coionci House, said lo-day to The As?
sociated Press:
"Colonel House is .still in bed with
a .-light attuck of indisrestior. He :s
better and will out again a in a few
cays."
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. A cable
gram to the Stute Department from
l'arix, under date of to-Jay. saya Colo?
nel E. M. Housc's condition ia much Un
provod and that he expecta to be up
and about in a few days, Acting Sec?
retary Polk cabled an inquiry yester?
day when .seiiu.itional reporia fogurd
ini Colonel House were DtfbPahetT
Causes Storm of Disap
proval; Writers Sign
v Round Robin So Wilson
News Is Limited to
Daily Commimique
Alternate Delegates Will
Be Named by All Na?
tions to Fill Vacancics
PARIS. Jan. 15 (By The Associated
Press).?The question of whether the
peace conference is to be secret or
wholly open to the eyes and ears of
the world, the settlement of which has
been long awaited, was brought to a
focus to-day when it was announced
that an agreement had been made to
j confine the information given to tha
i public to a daily ofticial communique
, and that a gentlemen's agreement pre
vailed among the delegates r.ot to dis
cuss, or in any way give information
i of, the meetings in the Foreign Office.
f ? No written ofticial announcement of
this purpose was issued, but woz-d was
j passed out to this effect, and it was
followed by an explosion which quite
j drowned out the doings of the peace
I commissioners.
Round Robin to Wilson
The understanding is that tho Ameri?
can and British delegates opposed this
| decision, but that the French, Italians
and Japanese, voting together, pre
I vailed.
The British newspaper eorrespond
{ ents immediately joined in a memorial
j of protest, which they put before Pre
j mier Lloyd George. The American
: newspaper correspondents united in
j what is virtually a round robin to
j President Wilson, in which they pro
i tested in measursd terms against the
| decision and reminded the President of
; that one of hi3?fourieen points which
j specif.es "open covenants of peace open
iy arrived at."
? The memorial was before the Presi?
dent to-night, and there is every rea
I son to believe that such a storm has
| been raised as will force the question
before the meeting again prior to the
actual session of the peace conference
SatUrday morning.
Issue Long Smouldering
The question of whether the meet?
ings are to be open or closed has been
smouldering for several days. It 13
associated with conditions which have
surrounded the lack of method in mak?
ing public what has actually been
going on in conference for the last
month.
The American newspaper correspond?
ents, of whom there ?.re about 100
here to report the peace procecdings,
have been received in daily audience
by the American commissioners under
the stipulated conditions that what was
developed was solely for tlieir guid?
ance and not to be reported as beariftg
the stamp of authority or coming from
the mission.
The President himself has rarely
seen any of the American correspon?
dents, and the newspaper men, who
have expressed themselves at a meat
ing of the organization they have
formed as considering themselves trus
tees obligated to inform public opinion
at home of the moves which are betng
made here in paris, have been chafrpg
I at what they have characterised ,as
| being kept out of touch with the foun
: tain heads of offzeiai information, hav
i ing been confined to information dis
sozninated bv :m offzeiai publicity agent.
i
French Press Gets Information
Meanwhile the French newspapers
I and the British newspapers having
| Paris editions have been . appearing
each day with inside information o?
i the conferences, and in some cases
have actually been qizoting American
j oftzcials in a monner from which the
! American correspondents were request
i ed to refrain.
Hitherto it has been the practice of
! the governznents taking purt in the
j preliminary peace conventions, says a
i statement given out by the ofiicial press
bureau to-day to issue separate cor*r
! muuiques regarding the proccedings.
Joint Communique Issued
1
From V>-day it hos been decided to
; issue a joint communiques, of which the
following is the English te::t adopted
': by the British and American delega
i tion3:
i "The President of the United
i States and the Prime Ministers of
; the Allied Powers, nssisted by the
! Japanese Ambussadoru in Paris and
; London, held two meetings to-day.
\ ln the course of these nzeetii gs the
i examination of the rules of the con?
ference has been continued and al
: most completed.
. "It was decided that thev. \ nited
States. the British Empire, France,
Italy nnd Japan should be -epre
' sented by live delegates sptece. The
\ British l)om';iion3 and India. besidev,
shall be represented as follows: rwo
. delegates* ro*pectiv*fc, for Austraiic
Cunada, South Afric^and lnd.n. (a.

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